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Internal Migration in China – Opportunity or Trap?

Since the 1980s, migration within China has increased considerably along with the economic upturn. It now represents a third of all internal migration worldwide, and is equal to the entirety of international migration.

   
Marktstand mit Vermietungsanzeigen

Bettina Gransow

Introduction

Since the 1980s, migration within China has increased considerably along with the economic upturn. It now represents a third of all internal migration worldwide, and is equal to the entirety of international migration. Weiter...

Wanderarbeiter beim Essen vor einer Reklamefläche für ein Immobilienprojekt in Schanghai.

Terminology: Migrants, Migrant Workers, Outsiders

The concept of internal migration differs from the general concept of migration in that the latter embraces international migration across state borders. In China, internal migration most commonly takes the form of migration from the country to the city which is predominantly labor migration. Weiter...

Chinesische Wanderarbeiter in Taiyuan

Background and Outline of the Issue: Urban-Rural Disparity and Registration System (hukou)

Of fundamental importance for an understanding of Chinese internal migration is, firstly, the disparity between city and country and, secondly, the rise and changing function of the Chinese system of household registration. Weiter...

Landkarte der Volksrepublik China und Taiwan

Patterns of Migration: Rural-Urban and Labor Migration Predominate

Internal migration in China is predominantly rural-to-urban migration and is accompanied by a rapid process of urbanization. Weiter...

Näherei in China

Areas of Employment: Regional and Gender-Specific Differences

The majority of migrant workers are employed in the manufacturing industry and work predominantly in the developed regions along the east coast. Weiter...

Im Jahre 2011 lebte – zum ersten Mal in der chinesischen Geschichte – mehr als die Hälfte der chinesischen Bevölkerung in Städten.

A Second Generation of Migrants: New Aspirations

A second generation of migrants, who were born in the 1980s and 1990s, has now grown up. Those who belong to this generation not only have fewer ties to their place of origin than the first generation (whether because as children of migrant families they grew up in cities, or because although they grew up in the country they themselves have had no experience whatsoever of agriculture), they also (thanks to their access to new media and the stories told by other migrants) are much more strongly oriented toward the city in their whole lifestyle. Weiter...

Tripartite structure of the future internal migration in China

Migration and Urbanization Policy: Priority of Economic Growth

Ever since the beginning of the reform process introduced in the late 1970s by Deng Xiaoping, the direction of Chinese migration and urbanization policy has been determined by the need to promote economic growth. Weiter...

Mietanzeigen im urban village Guangzhou

Migrants in China’s Cities: Informalization of Working and Living Conditions

With the lowly status conferred on them by their rural origins, migrants must therefore survive in the cites without the privileges and advantages that are taken for granted by the city dwellers. Weiter...

Krankenstation

Summary and Conclusions

On the whole, Chinese internal migration makes a substantial contribution to the improvement of rural household incomes and to that extent should be seen as an important way out of rural poverty. Weiter...

References

Here you can find references for the Policy Brief "Internal Migration in China – Opportunity or Trap?" by Bettina Gransow. Weiter...

 

Kurzdossiers

Inhalt:

Teaserbild Newsletter Migration und Bevölkerung

Kurzdossiers und Länderprofile focus migration abonnieren

Hier können Sie Kurzdossiers und Länderprofile von focus migration abonnieren. Weiter... 

Infografiken

Zahlen zu Asyl in Deutschland

Wie viele Menschen suchen in Deutschland Asyl? Woher kommen sie? Wie viele Asylanträge sind erfolgreich? Und wie viele Menschen werden abgeschoben? Wir stellen die wichtigsten Zahlen zum Thema Asyl und Flucht monatlich aktualisiert in einfachen Infografiken dar. Weiter...