Koffer

1.4.2008 | Von:
Andreas Damelang
Max Steinhardt

Evaluation of integration policy

The transparency concerning the integration policy's objectives and measures brought about by publicising the concepts is one advantage that should not be underestimated.
Mit dem Konterfei des baden-württembergischen Ministerpräsidenten Oettinger und einem verändertem Slogan protestieren am Samstag (11.02.2006) Demonstranten bei einer Kundgebung auf dem Stuttgarter Schlossplatz gegen den sogenannten Gesinnungstest. Rund 50 deutsch-türkische Vereine haben sich zur Bürgerinitiative gegen den Gesinnungstest (BIGG) zusammengeschlossen. Auf der Kundgebung fordern sie die sofortige Rücknahme des nach ihrer Ansicht diskriminierenden und nicht zielführenden Gesprächsleitfadens der Landesregierung.June 2006: People wearing masks of the prime minister of the German state of Baden-Württemberg protest against a new knowledge test for prospective citizens. (© picture-alliance/dpa)

By providing full information about projects, political decision-makers are open to public discourse and can, in principle, be judged on the implementation of their concepts. This assumes the existence of indicators that would allow the effect of the programs and measures to be assessed once they have been carried out. Moreover, if we wish to compare the success of integration policy across regional borders, we also need a standardised indicator system in which uniform data is compiled for all cities and states. Over the course of recent years some initial indicator systems have been developed to permit comparative evaluation of the integration policies of cities and states. Since 2004, for example, the Migrant Policy Index (MIPEX) has compared and evaluated the integration policy of EU member states [1]. The MIPEX is what is known as a "composite indicator" [2] and is comprised of 140 partial indicators in the following six areas: political participation, anti-discrimination, access to the labour market, citizenship, family reunification and the right of residence. The project has been promoted since 2006 by the European Commission, as it makes statements as to how close the EU countries are to best practice guidelines possible.

Whereas MIPEX relates exclusively to national integration policies, in 2005 the Municipal Association for Administration Management [Kommunale Gemeinschaftsstelle für Verwaltungsmanagement (KGst)], in cooperation with the commissioners for integration of German cities, created a set of indicators by means of which it is possible to monitor local integration (cf. KGst 2006). This set of indicators includes the following fields of action: legal integration, education, work and economy, social security, housing, language, health, social integration, social and political participation, and security. The CLIP network does not currently have its own indicator system to facilitate an objective comparison of regional approaches to integration policy, but rather pursues a qualitative approach (cf. CLIP 2007). However, there are plans to develop and implement a joint indicator system by mid 2009 [3].The future success of local integration policy will depend, among other things, on the successful development of meaningful indicators with which it is possible to evaluate policy measures. This should extend beyond representation of the status quo and enable an impact analysis as well as a comparison of regional integration policy measures.

Fußnoten

1.
Whereas in the pilot version of MIPEX 2004 the 15 EU member states were evaluated, the current survey from the year 2006 comprises 25 EU member states plus Switzerland, Norway and Canada. Romania and Bulgaria have not as yet been considered in the survey (cf. MIPEX 2006).
2.
Composite indicators are frequently used in the EU as they permit simple presentation of complex data and can be used to create rankings.
3.
According to a statement made by Hubert Krieger, Research Manager of the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (EUROFOUND).

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