Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

Switzerland

Switzerland is a country of immigration. Despite early labor migration across national borders, this fact has for a long time not been recognized. Already at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, immigration to Switzerland gained in importance as a result of industrialization. This period was marked by a liberal migration policy. At the outbreak of the First World War, however, the political climate changed and measures were introduced to control immigration. With the strong economic upswing following the Second World War, the targeted recruitment of labor began, a phenomenon which especially marked the second half of the 20th century.

   
Switzerland

Noemi Carrel

Background Information

Switzerland is a country of immigration. Despite early labor migration across national borders, this fact has for a long time not been recognized. Already at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, immigration to Switzerland gained in importance as a result of industrialization. This period was marked by a liberal migration policy. At the outbreak of the First World War, however, the political climate changed and measures were introduced to control immigration. With the strong economic upswing following the Second World War, the targeted recruitment of labor began, a phenomenon which especially marked the second half of the 20th century. Weiter...

Noemi Carrel

Migration Policy

With the founding of the Swiss federal state in 1848, a phase of liberal migration policy began. The Swiss gained the right to settle anywhere in the country. In order to control cross-border migration, Switzerland concluded treaties on establishment with 21 countries up until 1914. Weiter...

Asylum seekers and people in the asylum process, 1995-2010

Noemi Carrel

Refuge and Asylum

In connection with the subjects of refuge and asylum, frequent reference is made to the humanitarian tradition of Switzerland, which was demonstrated particularly in the taking in of Huguenots in the 17th century and of political refugees from throughout Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries. Tendencies to closure are, however, also a part of Swiss asylum policy. This becomes clear in light of the closing of Swiss borders in 1942 to Jewish refugees as well as with respect to the restrictive character of more recent asylum policy. Weiter...

Noemi Carrel

Irregular Migration

Only toward the end of the 20th century and especially since the turn of the century has attention increasingly been focused on the presence in the country of people who lack a residence permit, the so-called sans-papiers, and taken on importance in Swiss migration policy. Since that time, especially the options for controlling illegal migration have been at the forefront of efforts relating to migration policy. Weiter...

Noemi Carrel

Citizenship

In Switzerland citizenship is based on the jus sanguinis principle. Individuals whose parents have Swiss citizenship are accordingly also entitled to Swiss citizenship. Although there have been efforts in Switzerland to introduce jus soli, at the beginning of the 20th century, for example, to this day a corresponding legal reform has not occurred. Weiter...

Permanent and non-permanent foreign resident population by citizenship, 2010

Noemi Carrel

The Immigrant Population

Compared to the rest of Europe, the Swiss population shows a high percentage of foreigners. In 2009 this percentage was 22.9% (cf. Fig. 1). At the same time, most of the foreign population have a permanent residence permit. Weiter...

Noemi Carrel

Integration

The opportunities of the foreign population for having a stake in and participating in different areas of society differ in part from those of Swiss citizens. Different rights, such as the right to vote at the national level, are accorded exclusively to Swiss citizens. Weiter...

Noemi Carrel

Current Developments and Future Challenges

Switzerland’s direct democratic system offers Swiss citizens unique opportunities for political participation. As history has shown, these are also of particular importance for the development of Swiss migration policy. At the same time two referenda have recently caused considerable sensation. Weiter...

Country Profile 22

Literature, Internet Resources and additional Information

Here you can find Literature, Internet Resources and additional Information for the Country Profile 22: "Switzerland" by Noemi Carrel. Weiter...