Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

3.7.2012 | Von:
Noemi Carrel

Irregular Migration

Only toward the end of the 20th century and especially since the turn of the century has attention increasingly been focused on the presence in the country of people who lack a residence permit, the so-called sans-papiers, and taken on importance in Swiss migration policy. Since that time, especially the options for controlling illegal migration have been at the forefront of efforts relating to migration policy.[1]

Above all, Switzerland’s dual admission system, its restrictive asylum policy, and the Schengen and Dublin association agreements have had repercussions on the phenomenon of irregular migration. Thus, since the coming into effect of the agreement on freedom of movement, a clear decline can be seen in the number of citizens of the EU and EFTA who lack a valid residence permit. The great majority of sans-papiers are citizens of third countries, since legal immigration is in their case usually impossible. Furthermore, it is assumed in the context of the restrictive asylum policy that, on the one hand, the number of people who have been eliminated from the asylum process and who are then irregular residents has increased and, on the other hand, that many individuals seeking asylum immediately opt in favor of illegal residence.[2]

Increased control of irregular migration is strived for through the Schengen association agreement, the ‘Federal Act on Illegal Employment’ (Bundesgesetz gegen die Schwarzarbeit) and various other regulations of the AuG. Thus, for example, there are more frequent checks on individuals within the country and in the labor market as well as sharper sanctions intended to alleviate irregular residence.[3] Despite these efforts to control various forms of irregular migration, it is probable that in Switzerland, too, the presence of individuals who lack a residence permit is strongly dependent on the needs of the labor market. Sans-papiers find employment in industries such as gastronomy, the hotel business, the building trade, in agriculture as well as in the housekeeping and nursing sector.[4]

Fußnoten

1.
Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs EDA, Efionayi-Mäder et al. (2010), D’Amato et al. (2005), Swiss Coordination Unit against the Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants KSMM.
2.
Efionayi-Mäder et al. (2010).
3.
Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs EDA, Efionayi-Mäder et al. (2010), D’Amato et al. (2005), Swiss Coordination Unit against the Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants KSMM.
4.
Efionayi-Mäder et al. (2010), Longchamp et. al. (2005).

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