Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

United States of America

The United States is often regarded as the definitive “immigrant nation”. After more than two hundred years of significant inflows, immigration to the U.S. is characterized by its diversity. Each year large numbers of people from different socio-economic, educational and ethnic backgrounds are drawn to the country.

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Junge Migrantinnen tragen zum 1. Mai ein Banner der Aktion "Ein Tag ohne Migranten", New York am 01.05.2017.

Casey Tran

Migration Policy Changes under the Obama Administration and in the First Year under the New U.S. President Donald Trump

Immigration is a contested issue in the United States. Since 9/11 it has been increasingly linked to discussions on national security. This tendency can be observed under former President Barack Obama as well as under his successor in office, Donald Trump, who has taken a restrictive stance on immigration since his inauguration in January 2017.

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USA

Nicholas Parrott

Background Information

The United States is often regarded as the definitive "immigrant nation". After more than two hundred years of significant inflows, immigration to the U.S. is characterized by its diversity. Each year large numbers of people from different socio-economic, educational and ethnic backgrounds are drawn to the country.

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Nicholas Parrott

Immigration Policy

Throughout much of the twentieth century, U.S. immigration policy sought to limit admissions according to countries or regions of origin. Building on the Quota Law of 1921, the Immigration Act of 1924 restricted immigration levels to 150,000 persons a year and established the "national-origins quota system", which aimed to foster immigration from favored Northern and Western European countries while limiting the arrival of the "undesirable races" of Eastern and Southern Europe.

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Persons Obtaining LPR Status - Fiscal Years 1995-2011

Nicholas Parrott

Current Admissions Policy

Non-U.S. citizens can be admitted to the U.S. on a permanent basis in three general categories: family reunification, employment sponsorship and humanitarian cases.

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Top 10 countries of birth of the LPR Population in 2010

Nicholas Parrott

The Immigrant Population

On January 1, 2010 an estimated 12.6 million LPRs (no unauthorized immigrants included) lived in the U.S. Of these about 8.1 million were eligible to naturalize.

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Persons naturalized: Fiscal years 1907 to 2011

Nicholas Parrott

Citizenship

All persons born in the U.S. are automatically granted U.S. citizenship. People who are not U.S. citizens by birth may obtain U.S. citizenship through the process of naturalization, which requires the fulfillment of a series of criteria codified in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).

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Educational attainment: 2010

Nicholas Parrott

Integration

Debate about integration of new immigrants and challenges for the U.S. focuses largely on Hispanic Americans and specifically Mexicans. This discussion has been wide ranging but affected by controversial ideas such as those put forward by Samuel Huntington in "Who Are We? The Challenges to America's National Identity."

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Refugee arrivals: Fiscal years 1980 to 2011

Nicholas Parrott

Refuge and Asylum

Refuge and asylum are similar in that they apply to non-citizens who are unable to return to their country of origin as a result of persecution or well-founded fear of persecution based on race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group or political opinion.

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Nicholas Parrott

Irregular Migration

There are (as of January 2011) an estimated 11.5 million unauthorized immigrants in the U.S., 59% (6.8 million) of whom were from Mexico.

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Nicholas Parrott

Current Issues and Future Challenges

Under George W. Bush and Barack Obama (in office since 2008) all attempts for Comprehensive Immigration Reform (CIR) have failed. CIR is therefore again an issue in the electoral campaign leading up to presidential elections in November 2012.

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Nicholas Parrott

References

Here you can find references and further reading for Country Profile 4: "USA" by Nicholas Parrott.

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Kurzdossiers

Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl: Aktuelle Themen

Ein Kurzdossier legt komplexe Zusammenhänge aus den Bereichen Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration auf einfache und klare Art und Weise dar. Es bietet einen fundierten Einstieg in eine bestimmte Thematik, in dem es den Hintergrund näher beleuchtet und verschiedene Standpunkte wissenschaftlich und kritisch abwägt. Darüber hinaus enthält es Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur und Internet-Verweise. Dies eröffnet die Möglichkeit, sich eingehender mit der Thematik zu befassen. Unsere Kurzdossiers erscheinen bis zu 6-mal jährlich.

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