30 Jahre Mauerfall Mehr erfahren
Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

26.6.2014 | Von:
Lan Diao
Maren Opitz

Current Migration Development

Since the year 2000 the foreign population in China has grown by 35 per cent, but in comparison to the total population of China the number of foreigners ist still small. Furthermore, the number of emigrants considerably exceeds the number of immigrants.

Chinatown in San Francisco / USA. 12 Prozent der chinesischen Auswanderer wählen die USA als Zielland.Chinatown in San Francisco / USA. 12 per cent of Chinese emigrants head for the United States. (© picture alliance / Wendy Connett/Robert Harding)

In comparison to the total Chinese population, the number of international migrants has been hardly significant. The 6th population census in 2010 for the first time factors in foreigners who stayed at least three months in the country, including ethnic Chinese with foreign citizenship. According to that census, 1.02 million foreigners live in China, 70 percent (ca. 680,000 people) of whom had already been in the country for one year or longer. Since the year 2000 the foreign population in China has grown by 35 percent.[1]

The economic recovery in recent decades and the employment opportunities for foreign employees and businessmen that it brings with it make China an increasingly attractive destination country for foreigners and their families. The relatively stable political situation in place since the early 1990s also contributes to this development. Furthermore, living standards in many Chinese cities are comparable to western industrial countries, including access to education and medical care. However, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) indicates that China’s rapid economic growth is yet to be reflected in the numbers of foreign workers in the country; there are hardly any official political measures for the hiring of highly skilled laborers.

Furthermore, the number of emigrants considerably exceeds the number of immigrants. More and more well educated Chinese are settling (temporarily) abroad. Of the current 50 million Chinese living abroad, 10 percent migrated after 1978. About 5 percent of Chinese abroad possess Chinese citizenship. According to estimates, China is the second largest recipient of emigrant remittances worldwide.[2]
Destinations of the 50 million overseas ChineseDestinations of the 50 million overseas Chinese Lizenz: cc by-nc-nd/3.0/de/ (bpb)

Chinese leadership is trying to encourage well educated ethnic Chinese to come back to the People’s Republic. The number of returned Chinese students abroad, for instance, reached a record high of around 273,000 in 2012. Many of these returnees are beginning careers in technological branches, in the medical sector, in politics or in the management of multinational companies.[3]

This text is part of the country profile China.

Fußnoten

1.
Central Government of the People’s Republic of China (no date a), Shen (2011), Anich et al. (2013), p. 77.
2.
Center for China and Globalization (no date), Zhuang (2010), IOM (2012).
3.
Wang (2013).
Creative Commons License

Dieser Text ist unter der Creative Commons Lizenz "CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 DE - Namensnennung - Nicht-kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 3.0 Deutschland" veröffentlicht. Autoren/-innen: Lan Diao, Maren Opitz für bpb.de

Sie dürfen den Text unter Nennung der Lizenz CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 DE und der Autoren/-innen teilen.
Urheberrechtliche Angaben zu Bildern / Grafiken / Videos finden sich direkt bei den Abbildungen.


Kurzdossiers

Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl: Aktuelle Themen

Ein Kurzdossier legt komplexe Zusammenhänge aus den Bereichen Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration auf einfache und klare Art und Weise dar. Es bietet einen fundierten Einstieg in eine bestimmte Thematik, in dem es den Hintergrund näher beleuchtet und verschiedene Standpunkte wissenschaftlich und kritisch abwägt. Darüber hinaus enthält es Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur und Internet-Verweise. Dies eröffnet die Möglichkeit, sich eingehender mit der Thematik zu befassen. Unsere Kurzdossiers erscheinen bis zu 6-mal jährlich.

Mehr lesen