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26.6.2014 | Von:
Lan Diao
Maren Opitz

The Immigrant Population

The largest group of foreign migrants in China are from Asia, especially Korea. But there are considerable groups of migrants from North America, Europe, India and Australia. Most foreigners live in the cities of Shanghai or Beijing and the provinces along the coast.

Laden im koreanischen Viertel in Peking. Koreaner sind mit 120.750 Personen die größte Gruppe unter den ausländischen Zuwanderern in China.Shop in the Korean neighbourhood of Beijing. Koreans make up the largest group of foreign migrants in China. (© picture-alliance/dpa)

According to the 2010 census, at the end of 2010 Koreans made up the largest group of foreign migrants, consisting of 120,750 people, followed by U.S. citizens (71,493 people) and Japanese (66,159 people). In fourth and fifth place were immigrants from Myanmar (39,776 people) and Vietnam (36,205), respectively. Furthermore, in 2010, there were 19,990 Canadians, 15,087 French, 15,051 Indians as well as 14,446 German and 13,286 Australian citizens in China. Forty-three percent of the foreigners were female, and 57 percent male.[1]
Foreign population in China: Top 10 countries of originForeign population in China: Top 10 countries of origin Lizenz: cc by-nc-nd/3.0/de/ (bpb)

Just under 70 percent of all foreigners (including people from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) had lived at least a year in the People’s Republic. The following motives for migration were indicated most often in the 2010 census: professional reasons (around 400,000 people), studies (around 200,000 people) and the wish to settle in China (around 187,000 people). Geographical Distribution

The highest concentrations of foreigners are registered in the cities of Shanghai and Beijing, the provinces along the coast as well as in the southern Chinese provinces of Guangxi and Yunnan. Today the largest Korean community, with 200,000 people, is in Beijing. The largest Japanese community (over 50,400 people) lives in Shanghai’s Gubei district. Other examples for the geographic concentration of individual migrant groups are the “African zone” in the southern province of Guangzhou in which an estimated 200,000 people from African countries live, and the “Street of the Middle East” in the southeastern city of Yiwu. It is here where Muslim traders have established the largest handling facility for small consignments worldwide. In addition, there is an increasing number of domestic workers from the Philippines in mainland China.

National Minorities

The national minorities also contribute to the cultural and ethnic diversity of the country. Ten of the 55 recognized minorities have a population of between 2-16 million: The Zhuang minority is the largest, with 16 million members, followed by the Manchu (10.7 million) and Hui (9.8 million). The total 106 million minority members only make up about 8.4 percent of the population. They can be found, however, on around 60 percent of the Chinese territory, including regions rich in raw materials, border areas and in the western part of the country.[2]

This text is part of the country profile China.

Fußnoten

1.
Shen (2011).
2.
Shen (2011), Ludwig (2009), pp. 8f., Senz (2010), Lai (2009), pp. 2-4.
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Autoren: Lan Diao, Maren Opitz für bpb.de
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