Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

United Kingdom

United Kingdom (bpb) Lizenz: cc by-nc-nd/2.0/de
The United Kingdom became a country of immigration after the Second World War. Currently, the large number of immigrants leads to much controversy. For the first time in the country’s history, Migration from other European Union Member States lies at the core of these discussions. The winner of widespread anti-immigrant sentiments in the population is the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP). Its current popularity suggests that the immigration issue could realign the country’s party system.

PDF-Icon Country profile, december 2014
PDF-Icon Country profile, december 2007

Passanten auf der Oxford Street in London

Randall Hansen

Background Information

The United Kingdom became a country of immigration after the Second World War following large-scale immigration from its former colonies. Labor shortages generated by Britain’s relative postwar affluence were filled by colonial workers who took advantage of privileged immigration channels created by the country's citizenship laws.

Mehr lesen

Einwanderer aus der Karibik im Londoner Stadtteil Brixton 1961

Randall Hansen

Development of Immigration Policy

The United Kingdom became a country of immigration after the Second World War. Until the early 1960s, immigrants from the former colonies took advantage of privileged immigration channels. However, large numbers of immigrants soon led to the implementation of immigration controls which have become increasingly restrictive over time.

Mehr lesen

Prinz Charles mit Vertreterinnen und Vertretern der jainistischen Gemeinde während eines Besuchs im Victoria & Albert Museum, London.

Randall Hansen

The Immigrant Population

The United Kingdom became a country of immigration after the Second World War. During the first post war years immigration from the former colonies prevailed. Later, the number of immigrants from other world regions increased, especially from the European Union. These developments have shaped the composition of the country’s immigrant population.

Mehr lesen

Kinder auf dem Notting Hill-Karneval in London 2009

Randall Hansen

Ethnic and Minority Populations

After the Second World War the United Kingdom became a country of immigration due to large-scale immigration from its former colonies. Former colonial ties are still present in the composition of the country’s ethnic and minority populations.

Mehr lesen

Parkautomat in Chinatown in Liverpool 2006

Randall Hansen

Aspects of Immigrant and Minority Integration

The United Kingdom became a country of immigration after the Second World War. During the first post war years immigration from the former colonies prevailed. Later, the number of immigrants from other world regions increased. Currently, immigration from other European Union Member States is at the center of attention. The large number of immigrants provokes much controversy, especially with regard to the question of social integration and cohesion.

Mehr lesen

Prinz Charles gratuliert Palwasha Sharifi aus Afghanistan und ihren beiden Kindern bei der ersten Einbürgerungszeremonie in London 2004

Randall Hansen

Citizenship

The United Kingdom is a popular immigrant destination. Over time, the large number of immigrants has led to increasingly restrictive immigration controls. In this context, citizenship has also become harder to acquire.

Mehr lesen

Hotel in Folkestone wurde zur Asylunterkunft 2014

Randall Hansen

Refuge and Asylum

Since the end of the Second World War the United Kindom has developed into a popular immigrant destination. This also holds true for asylum seekers. Rising numbers of asylum applications in the 1990s have led to the introduction of more restrictive policies designed to deter asylum seekers from lodging a claim.

Mehr lesen

Abschiebehaftzentrum in Harmondsworth / West Drayton 2010

Randall Hansen

Irregular Migration

The United Kingdom is a country of immigration. Yet, not all immigrants reside in the country legally. Since 2005 this situation has provoked much controversy and the country took on a tougher stance on irregular migration.

Mehr lesen

Wahlplakat der UKIP 2014

Randall Hansen

Current Developments and Future Challenges

The United Kingdom has become a country of immigration after the Second World War. During the first post-war years immigrants mainly came from the country’s former colonies. Later, immigrants from other world regions followed, especially from Europe. Peak periods of immigration have reliably occasioned public hostility, press hysteria, and party politicization of the issue. Currently, the topic is again high on the political agenda.

Mehr lesen

Country Profile 12: United Kingdom

References

Here you can a list of references as well as further reading for the Country Profile "United Kingdom" by Randall Hansen.

Mehr lesen

Kurzdossiers

Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl: Aktuelle Themen

Ein Kurzdossier legt komplexe Zusammenhänge aus den Bereichen Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration auf einfache und klare Art und Weise dar. Es bietet einen fundierten Einstieg in eine bestimmte Thematik, in dem es den Hintergrund näher beleuchtet und verschiedene Standpunkte wissenschaftlich und kritisch abwägt. Darüber hinaus enthält es Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur und Internet-Verweise. Dies eröffnet die Möglichkeit, sich eingehender mit der Thematik zu befassen. Unsere Kurzdossiers erscheinen bis zu 6-mal jährlich.

Mehr lesen