Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

Ireland

Traditionally Ireland has been a country marked by a declining population and high rates of emigration. Within the last two decades this situation has reversed dramatically. Immigration has increased significantly in the context of rapid economic growth. At first, flows were driven by returning Irish emigrants, but from the early 2000s EU and non-EU nationals began to arrive in significant numbers for the first time, mainly to work but also to seek asylum.
Emma Quinn reflects the historic development of Ireland as a country of emigration and immigration and gives an overview on the different aspects of the current migration policy (version from 01/2010).

Ireland

Emma Quinn

Background Information

Traditionally Ireland has been a country marked by a declining population and high rates of emigration. Within the last two decades this situation has reversed dramatically. Immigration has increased significantly in the context of rapid economic growth.

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Nationality breakdown of Immigration Flows 1998-2008

Emma Quinn

Immigration by Nationality

The various phases of recent immigration to Ireland have been strongly associated with particular national groups. In the late 1980s around 65 per cent of the immigrants coming to Ireland were returning Irish emigrants.

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Work permit allocations 1998-2008

Emma Quinn

Irish Migration Policy Development

Most of the existing Irish migration policy has been developed in the last two decades. The recent immigration increase seen in Ireland has been driven mainly by workers moving to Ireland to fill labour shortages and many of the policy developments.

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Emma Quinn

Irregular Migration

Relatively little is known about the scale of irregular immigration to Ireland but given the fact that Ireland has just one land border, which separates Northern Ireland (UK) from the Republic of Ireland, illegal entry is likely to be less common than in other countries.

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Emma Quinn

Integration Issues

Clearly Ireland's population has undergone very significant change in the last 15 years yet integration policy remains at a very early stage of development. Until 2007 the only official integration policy related to recognition of refugees and there was a general perception that migrant workers would eventually go home.

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Emma Quinn

Current and Emerging Issues

Ireland is currently experiencing a significant economic downturn. Between the first quarter of 2008 and the first quarter of 2009 the number of people unemployed doubled. By December 2009 the unemployment rate stood at 12.5 per cent and is expected to continue to rise during 2010.

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Country Profile 19: Ireland

References

Here you can find a list of references for the Country profile "Ireland" by Emma Quinn.

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Kurzdossiers

Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl: Aktuelle Themen

Ein Kurzdossier legt komplexe Zusammenhänge aus den Bereichen Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration auf einfache und klare Art und Weise dar. Es bietet einen fundierten Einstieg in eine bestimmte Thematik, in dem es den Hintergrund näher beleuchtet und verschiedene Standpunkte wissenschaftlich und kritisch abwägt. Darüber hinaus enthält es Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur und Internet-Verweise. Dies eröffnet die Möglichkeit, sich eingehender mit der Thematik zu befassen. Unsere Kurzdossiers erscheinen bis zu 6-mal jährlich.

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