Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

Lithuania

Lithuania, the biggest of the three Baltic states, lies on the eastern border of the EU, to which it was admitted in 2004. Since regaining independence in 1990, Lithuania has been strongly affected by labour emigration. Additionally, the country has been trying since its entry into the EU to overcome the difficulties arising from its role as a destination, source and transit country for legal and irregular international migration. (Version from 1/2007)

Lithuania

Benjamin Brake

Background Information

Lithuania, the biggest of the three Baltic States, borders Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and Poland and the Russian oblast Kaliningrad to the south. It therefore lies on the eastern border of the EU, to which it was admitted in 2004.

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Benjamin Brake

History of Migration since the Second World War

Between 1940 and 1958, Lithuania experienced a loss in population due to deportations, acts of war and the Holocaust. During the post-war period ethnic Russians and population groups from other regions of the Soviet Union were systematically resettled in the Baltic States.

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Foreign population by country of origin

Benjamin Brake

Resident Immigrant and Foreign Population

According to the latest census, in the year 2001 5.9% of the population of Lithuania was born outside the country and were therefore first generation immigrants.

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Number of approved asylum applications according to status

Benjamin Brake

Flight and Asylum

Only in recent years has Lithuania become a receiving country for refugees and asylum seekers. However, in comparison with Europe as a whole the number of asylum seekers is small.

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Benjamin Brake

Integration of Foreigners and Ethnic Minorities

Lithuania considers itself a multiethnic state; Lithuanian citizens can profess membership to different ethnic groups. The census asks both for citizenship and ethnic affiliation.

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Benjamin Brake

Irregular Migration

Since 1990, Lithuania has been a destination and transit country as well as a country of origin for irregular migration. Among the Baltic States, Lithuania is the country most affected by human trafficking.

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Benjamin Brake

Current Developments

Developments in the area of migration are currently aimed primarily at securing the border. Lithuania has not yet settled completely into its new role as a border country of the EU.

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Country Profile 7: Lithuania

References and Further Reading

Here you can find references and further reading for Country Profile 7: "Lithuania" by Benjamin Brake.

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Kurzdossiers

Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl: Aktuelle Themen

Ein Kurzdossier legt komplexe Zusammenhänge aus den Bereichen Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration auf einfache und klare Art und Weise dar. Es bietet einen fundierten Einstieg in eine bestimmte Thematik, in dem es den Hintergrund näher beleuchtet und verschiedene Standpunkte wissenschaftlich und kritisch abwägt. Darüber hinaus enthält es Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur und Internet-Verweise. Dies eröffnet die Möglichkeit, sich eingehender mit der Thematik zu befassen. Unsere Kurzdossiers erscheinen bis zu 6-mal jährlich.

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