Eine Frau geht an einer Weltkarte, die aus Kinderporträts besteht, am Freitag (18.06.2010) im JuniorMuseum in Köln vorbei.

Mexico

Mexico is a country of immigration, transmigration – mostly from Central America to the United States – and emigration, mostly to the United States. For the past century, emigration has far outweighed the other forms of international migration, yet the influences of all three forms of migration have been felt.
One of the most unusual features of Mexican migration is the concentration of more than 98 percent of its migrants on one destination – the United States. Roughly eleven million Mexicans, representing 11 percent of Mexico's population, lived in the United States in 2005. An estimated 400,000 more Mexicans join the net U.S. population each year. (Version from 8/2008)

Mexico

David Fitzgerald

Background information

Mexico is a country of immigration, transmigration – mostly from Central America to the United States – and emigration, mostly to the United States. For the past century, emigration has far outweighed the other forms of international migration.

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David Fitzgerald

Immigration

In 2000, there were 493,000 foreign-born residents of Mexico. The largest contingents of foreign-born are descendents of Mexican emigrants born in the United States and U.S. and Canadian retirees concentrated in places like the Pacific coasts.

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Figure 1: Mexican Emigrants to the United States as a Percentage of the Mexican Population, 1900-2005

David Fitzgerald

Emigration

One of the most unusual features of Mexican migration is the concentration of more than 98 percent of its migrants on one destination – the United States. Exposure to the northern neighbor takes place on a massive scale.

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David Fitzgerald

Irregular Migration

The Border Patrol began an intensive buildup of agents and control infrastructure along the border with Operation "Hold the Line" in El Paso in 1993 and Operation "Gatekeeper" in San Diego in 1994.

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Remittances to Mexico, 1997-2007

David Fitzgerald

State Policies

The 1974 Mexican General Law of Population requires departing labor migrants to present themselves to Mexican migration authorities, show a work contract authorized by the destination country consulate, and provide proof that they meet the entry requirements of the destination country.

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David Fitzgerald

Challenges and Future Developments

Mexican government demographers anticipate that pressure to emigrate will lessen as relatively fewer young people enter the workforce in coming years.

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Country Profile 14: Mexico

References and Further Reading

Here you can find a list of references as well as further reading for the Country Profile "Mexico" by David Fitzgerald.

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Kurzdossiers

Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl: Aktuelle Themen

Ein Kurzdossier legt komplexe Zusammenhänge aus den Bereichen Zuwanderung, Flucht und Asyl sowie Integration auf einfache und klare Art und Weise dar. Es bietet einen fundierten Einstieg in eine bestimmte Thematik, in dem es den Hintergrund näher beleuchtet und verschiedene Standpunkte wissenschaftlich und kritisch abwägt. Darüber hinaus enthält es Hinweise auf weiterführende Literatur und Internet-Verweise. Dies eröffnet die Möglichkeit, sich eingehender mit der Thematik zu befassen. Unsere Kurzdossiers erscheinen bis zu 6-mal jährlich.

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