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Spiegel Online vom 30.06.2019

"Donald Trump lädt Kim Jong Un ins Weiße Haus ein"

Nach seinem über Twitter vereinbarten Treffen mit dem nordkoreanischen Machthaber Kim Jon Un hat US-Präsident Donald Trump den Diktator im Gegenzug nun nach Washington eingeladen, berichtet Spiegel Online. "Gemeinsam mit Kim ging Trump über die Grenze und lief einige Schritte in Nordkorea. Anschließend überschritten beide die Grenze nach Südkorea und wechselten ein paar Worte. Kim sagte, er hätte nicht erwartet, Trump jemals an der Grenze zu treffen. Trump betonte mehrmals sein gutes persönliches Verhältnis zu Kim. 'Wir mochten uns vom ersten Tag an', sagte Trump. 'Es ist eine Ehre hier zu sein.' Trump zeige seine Bereitschaft, an einer neuen Zukunft zu arbeiten, sagte Kim. Zudem sprach Trump eine Einladung an Nordkoreas Machthaber aus. Er wolle ihn 'jetzt gleich ins Weiße Haus einladen', sagte Trump zu Kim."

Mehr lesen vom 18.06.2019

"Exclusive: President Trump Calls Alleged Iranian Attack on Oil Tankers 'Very Minor'"

US-Präsident Trump hat den Angriff auf zwei Öltanker im Golf von Oman in einem Gespräch mit dem TIME-Magazin als "geringfügigen" Vorfall eingeschätzt. "Facing twin challenges in the Persian Gulf, President Donald Trump said in an interview with TIME Monday that he might take military action to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, but cast doubt on going to war to protect international oil supplies. 'I would certainly go over nuclear weapons,' the president said when asked what moves would lead him to consider going to war with Iran, 'and I would keep the other a question mark.' (...) Last week, U.S. officials blamed Iran for attacks against Norwegian and Japanese oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman. Trump described those and other recent attacks attributed by administration officials to Iran as limited. 'So far, it’s been very minor,' Trump told TIME."

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The Atlantic vom 17.06.2019

"Iran Has Options and It’s Starting to Use Them"

Kathy Gilsinan betrachtet den Vorfall im Golf von Oman als Beleg des Scheiterns der US-Kampagne des "maximalen Drucks" gegen den Iran. Teheran sei keineswegs eingeschüchtert, sondern offenbar entschlossen, seine bestehenden Möglichkeiten für gezielte Gegenschläge zu nutzen. "Trump has claimed he seeks not regime change from Iran, but behavior change, Ali Alfoneh, a senior fellow at the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington, wrote to me in an email. 'Tehran, however, does not distinguish between economic and military warfare, since both will most likely result in collapse of the regime. This is why they try to disrupt the flow of oil to the global markets, hoping president Trump, who generally appears to be disinclined to entangle the United States in wars in the Middle East, realizes the cost of his ‘maximum pressure campaign’ against Tehran and changes his approach.' If this is in fact Iran’s intent, it has many capabilities at its disposal, according to a 2017 report from the U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence, the most recent made public."

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NBC News vom 17.06.2019

"U.S. sending 1,000 troops to Middle East amid heightened tension with Iran"

Das Pentagon will aufgrund der aktuellen Spannungen mit dem Iran 1.000 zusätzliche Truppen in den Nahen Osten schicken. "Acting Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan (...) said that the increased forces were in response to a request from U.S. Central Command for defensive purposes to address air, naval and ground-based threats in the Middle East. U.S authorities accused Iran of attacks on two tankers last week, though the country's foreign minister has denied the accusations. 'The recent Iranian attacks validate the reliable, credible intelligence we have received on hostile behavior by Iranian forces and their proxy groups that threaten United States personnel and interests across the region,' Shanahan said. 'The U.S. does not seek conflict with Iran.'"

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BBC vom 17.06.2019

"Iran nuclear deal: Enriched uranium limit will be breached on 27 June"

Der Iran hat angekündigt, ab dem 27. Juni die im Atomabkommen vereinbarte Menge an angereichertem Uran zu überschreiten. Die europäischen Länder könnten darauf mit der Wiedereinsetzung ihrer Sanktionen reagieren, so die BBC. "Its atomic energy agency said Iran had quadrupled its production of the material, which is used to make reactor fuel and potentially nuclear weapons. But it added there was 'still time' for European countries to act by protecting Iran from reinstated US sanctions. The UK, France and Germany have warned Iran not to violate the deal. They have said they will have no choice but to reimpose their own sanctions, which were lifted in return for limits on the Iranian nuclear programme. Iran has complained that they have failed to abide by their commitments to mitigate the effects of the US sanctions that took effect after President Donald Trump abandoned the deal last year."

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CNN vom 16.06.2019

"Pompeo on Iran: US considering range of options including military"

US-Außenminister Pompeo hat am Sonntag bekräftigt, dass die US-Regierung militärische Optionen in der aktuellen Iran-Krise nicht ausschließe. "'The United States is considering a full range of options. We have briefed the President a couple of times, we'll continue to keep him updated. We are confident that we can take a set of actions that can restore deterrence which is our mission set,' Pompeo said in an interview on CBS 'Face the Nation.' When asked if a military response was included in that set of actions, Pompeo responded, 'Of course.'"

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Al Jazeera English vom 16.06.2019

"Is Iran to blame for suspected attacks on Gulf tankers?"

Ist der Iran für die Angriffe auf die beiden Öl-Tanker im Golf von Oman verantwortlich? Maysam Behravesh hat Expertenmeinungen zu diesem Vorwurf der USA zusammengetragen. "Analysts reacted to the US allegations with scepticism. Even those who found the claims credible said Washington may have forced Iran's hand with its 'maximum pressure' campaign of punishing financial sanctions. 'Tehran has the capability to commit such attacks and has threatened to interfere with shipping in the Gulf while it is also in a state of desperation due to the tight sanctions and international isolation,' said Max Abrahms, professor of political science at Northeastern University in the US. (...) Barbara Slavin, director of the Future of Iran Initiative at the Atlantic Council, said if Iran was responsible for Thursday's attacks, it was carrying out its repeated threats that other countries in the region would also 'face obstacles' in exporting oil. (...) But with Iran still appealing to the remaining signatories to deliver on its promised economic benefits, Abrahms said it was not in Tehran's interests to disrupt trade in the Gulf. 'The question arises as to why Tehran would commit such an attack because it only harms Iran on the world stage and helps its enemies, while scepticism is also warranted due to the unreliability of [US] intelligence,' he said, referring to the faulty intelligence Washington used to justify its invasion of Iraq in 2003."

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Newsweek vom 15.06.2019

"Intelligence Experts Question Iran Video: 'U.S. Track Record on Ginning up Evidence for War is Not Good'"

Die von der US-Regierung präsentierten angeblichen Beweise für die iranische Verwicklung in die Angriffe auf zwei Öltanker im Golf von Oman werden von einigen unabhängigen Experten skeptisch beurteilt. "(...) independent intelligence experts say the video provides no proof whatsoever of Iran's alleged responsibility for the attacks, a charge Iran denies. That's not to say Iran did not carry out the attacks, these experts hasten to add (...). But amid the rising tensions in the Middle East, these experts say, there are numerous other players in the region with compelling motivations to carry out such attacks. (...) Others have pointed to the possibility that Thursday's attacks, as well as the attacks on four tankers in the same waters a month ago, were so-called 'false-flag' operations carried out by Israel, another arch foe of Iran, to make Iran appear responsible. And some observers have even suggested the attacks may have been directed by hawkish members of the Trump administration as a pretext to launch military operations against Iran. 'The U.S. track record on ginning up evidence for war is not good,' William Church, a former military investigator for the United Nations Security Council. 'It lied in the run-up to the Vietnam war [by inventing a North Vietnamese attack on a U.S. Navy ship in the Gulf of Tonkin in 1964], and it lied about WMD [weapons of mass destruction] before the Iraq war. So when these tanker attacks happen, we have to ask why and what's the motivation in addition to examining the evidence.'"

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The American Conservative vom 15.06.2019

"Of Course Iran Hawks Want War with Iran"

Die "Iran-Falken" in Washington wollen den Vorfall im Golf von Oman Daniel Larison zufolge nutzen, um endlich die von ihnen ersehnte offene Konfrontation zwischen beiden Ländern herbeizuführen. Nach Ansicht des neokonservativen Kolumnisten Bret Stephens sollte die US-Regierung dem Iran offen mit der Versenkung seiner Schiffe drohen. "Calling for the U.S. to threaten sinking the Iranian navy is to demand that our government threaten massive escalation and the initiation of a major war over relatively minor incidents. It is also calling for putting thousands of U.S. sailors in grave danger. The U.S. Navy presumably would prevail in any fight, it would come at a much higher cost than most Americans expect. Harry Kazianis wrote an article for TAC about the wargame he participated in that simulated a war with Iran in the Persian Gulf, and the results were very ugly (...). Advocates of attacking Iran have often exaggerated the ease and speed of military action against Iran, and they fail to take seriously how costly and destructive such a conflict would be. Not only is Stephens’ proposal an absurd overreaction, but it also confirms that many Iran hawks certainly do want to have a war with Iran and have been trying to create the conditions for one for a long time."

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New York Times vom 15.06.2019

"In Face-Off With Iran, Escalation May Depend on Who Prevails Inside Washington and Tehran"

Ob der Streit über die Angriffe auf zwei Schiffe im Golf von Oman zu einem Krieg der USA gegen den Iran führen könnte, wird nach Ansicht von David E. Sanger und David D. Kirkpatrick auch davon abhängen, ob sich die Hardliner in beiden Lagern durchsetzen. "In Iran, tension with the United States bolsters the appeal of hard-line politicians aligned with the Revolutionary Guards in next year’s parliamentary elections. In Washington, it strengthens the hand of hawks in the administration who may be trying to urge Mr. Trump toward more forceful action while weakening the claims of his critics — including most Democrats — who argue that President Barack Obama’s outreach to Tehran had been working. (...) The question now is whether escalation prevails, or whether the instinct to back away from direct confrontation — by Mr. Trump and those in Iran who see some kind of accommodation with the West as the only way out of the country’s isolation — kicks in. It is hardly guaranteed, but it has happened before."

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Defense One vom 14.06.2019

"Deterrence Is Failing — Partly Because Iran Has No Idea What the US Really Wants"

Die Eskalation des Konflikts zwischen Iran und den USA ist nach Ansicht von Christopher J. Bolan vom Army War College in Pennsylvania darauf zurückzuführen, dass die US-Regierung Teheran über ihre Ziele und roten Linien im Unklaren gelassen habe. Die entstandene Ungewissheit habe auf beiden Seiten zu Fehleinschätzungen geführt. Um neue Klarheit zu schaffen, hält Bolan sowohl eine kalkulierte militärische Reaktion auf den Vorfall im Golf von Oman als auch neue positive Anreize für Teheran für unerlässlich. "An effective response is almost certain to include U.S. military strikes of one extent or another. The challenge for U.S. policymakers will be to design military strikes that are sufficiently strong to deter future Iranian attacks without provoking escalatory Iranian retaliation that spins out of control and triggers a broader regional war. Such a balancing act will require detailed intelligence, precise military planning, and sophisticated public and private diplomacy. (...) However, identifying small steps that could be taken by Iran that would be quickly rewarded with a comparably small 'reward' by the United States holds the potential to create positive momentum toward reduced tensions. If successful, a series of these small confidence-building steps could provide a sufficient foundation and incentives for both sides to return to the negotiating table and avoid a broader conflict that both sides say they want to avoid."

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Guardian vom 14.06.2019

"Trump's maximum pressure train hits buffers with Abe's doomed Iran mission"

Die Angriffe auf die beiden Öl-Tanker im Golf von Oman haben ausgerechnet während des Iran-Besuchs des japanischen Premierministers Abe stattgefunden. Dessen diplomatische Mission sei dadurch spektakulär zum Scheitern gebracht worden, schreibt Julian Borger. "Shinzo Abe’s trip to Tehran this week turned out to be one of the more ill-fated mediation efforts of recent times. What was billed as a grand gesture – the first Japanese leader to visit Iran in four decades – ended in humiliation, with split-screen television pictures showing Abe being told off by a stern supreme leader, while a thick plume of smoke rose from a burning Japanese tanker in the Gulf of Oman. (...) Even without the visible symbolism of burning oil, Khamenei’s response to Abe’s mission could hardly have been more dismissive. He tossed aside the polite pretense that the Japanese prime minister had come on his own initiative, inviting the television cameras into his office to explain, in the bluntest of terms while Abe looked on helplessly, that the Japanese visitor had come bearing a message from Donald Trump, and was wasting his time. To add inevitable insult to injury, the US president then swiftly disowned Abe and his mission, portraying him in a tweet as well-meaning but naive, and declaring the time was not right for negotiations."

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The Intercept vom 14.06.2019

"Mike Pompeo Said Congress Doesn't Need to Approve War With Iran. 2020 Democrats Aren't Having It."

Prominente Demokraten im US-Kongress wollen Akela Lacy und Jon Schwarz zufolge nicht zulassen, dass das Weiße Haus einen Krieg gegen den Iran ohne parlamentarische Zustimmung erklären kann. US-Außenminister Pompeo sei offenbar der Ansicht, dass die US-Regierung durch die 2001 verabschiedete Genehmigung zum Einsatz militärischer Gewalt (AUMF) die entsprechende Kompetenz habe. "The 2001 AUMF provided the president with authority to wage war against anyone who 'planned, authorized, committed, or aided' the attacks 'or harbored such organizations or persons.' (...) Asked if there was any way that the 2001 AUMF could be construed to extend to Iran, [Sen. Elizabeth Warren] said, 'None, nope.' [Rep. Tulsi Gabbard], for her part, said of Pompeo’s suggestion, 'I completely disagree, 100% disagree. That’s one of the reasons why I have been so concerned about what this administration is doing. Because in their mind, they could unilaterally start a war with Iran, without congressional authorization, which would be unconstitutional and illegal.'"

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Handelsblatt vom 19.05.2019

"Fall Strache zeigt: Rechtspopulisten sind brandgefährlich für Demokratie, Wirtschaft und Medienfreiheit"

Hans-Peter Siebenhaar kommentiert im Handelsblatt die Videoaffäre um den zurückgetretenen österreichischen FPÖ-Chef und ehemaligen Vizekanzler Heinz-Christian Strache. "Die Video-Affäre um FPÖ-Chef und Vizekanzler Strache hat Österreich in eine Regierungskrise gestürzt. Der Bruch der Koalition und Neuwahlen sind der einzig richtige Weg."

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Spiegel Online vom 13.04.2019

"Der Fall Julian Assange und die dünne Anklage"

Auch Michael Sontheimer sieht in der am Donnerstag veröffentlichten US-Anklage gegen den in London verhafteten WikiLeaks-Gründer Julian Assange eine Bedrohung für Investigativjournalisten und die Pressefreiheit. "Die nur sechs Seiten starke Anklageschrift trägt das Datum des 6. März 2018. Das Gericht hatte vergangenes Jahr beschlossen, sie so lange geheim zu halten, bis Assange verhaftet worden sei. 'Verschwörung zum Eindringen in Computer' wird dem WikiLeaks-Gründer darin vorgeworfen, 'Julian Paul Assange' heißt es in dem Dokument, 'war nicht autorisiert, klassifizierte Informationen der Vereinigten Staaten zu erhalten.' (...) Vor diesem Hintergrund gehen die Verteidiger von Assange davon aus, dass die dünne Anklage nicht alles ist, was das US-Justizministerium gegen Assange auffahren will. Die Anwälte des WikiLeaks-Gründers rechnen schon lange damit, dass ihr Mandant und andere WikiLeaks-Mitarbeiter auf Grundlage des Espionage Act angeklagt werden. Das Gesetz aus dem Jahr 1917 sieht jahrzehntelange Haftstrafen und in besonders schweren Fällen auch die Todesstrafe vor."

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