US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

2.2. USA

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Politico vom 12.09.2019

"Israel accused of planting mysterious spy devices near the White House"

Hat der israelische Geheimdienst die US-Regierung ausspioniert? Daniel Lippman berichtet, dass die Entdeckung von mutmaßlich israelischen Abhörgeräten in Washington vom Weißen Haus heruntergespielt worden sei. "The U.S. government concluded within the past two years that Israel was most likely behind the placement of cellphone surveillance devices that were found near the White House and other sensitive locations around Washington, according to three former senior U.S. officials with knowledge of the matter. But unlike most other occasions when flagrant incidents of foreign spying have been discovered on American soil, the Trump administration did not rebuke the Israeli government, and there were no consequences for Israel’s behavior, one of the former officials said. (...) The devices were likely intended to spy on President Donald Trump, one of the former officials said, as well as his top aides and closest associates — though it’s not clear whether the Israeli efforts were successful."

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The American Conservative vom 12.09.2019

"After Bolton, Trump’s Second Term Depends on America First"

Ll" W. James Antle III vom konservativen Washington Examiner hofft, dass US-Präsident Trump nach der Entlassung seines Sicherheitsberaters seine außenpolitischen Wahlkampfversprechen endlich umsetzen wird. Es sei immer bedenklich gewesen, dass Trump sich mit früheren Mitgliedern der außenpolitischen "B-Teams" von George W. Bush und John McCain umgeben habe. "So far there has been a disconnect between Trump’s rhetoric and the Trump record. He has allowed underlings to essentially override him on Afghanistan and Syria. He scrapped the Iran nuclear deal without a viable alternative and vetoed a bipartisan resolution rebuking U.S. participation in the unconscionable Saudi war on Yemen. He has escalated many of the ongoing presidential wars that lack constitutionally required congressional authorization. At the same time, Trump has periodically called for bringing the troops home, only to face internal opposition bordering on insubordination. (...) What has listening to his vanquished Republican rivals gotten Trump? No border wall, no broader immigration reform, no infrastructure bill, no Obamacare repeal or replacement, no credit for cutting taxes. They collaborated successfully on judges and jobs, which should be enough to turn out the conservative base, but Trump has less to sell to the working-class swing voters who changed Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Michigan from blue to red. Those Americans are tired of seeing their children sent to die in nation-building exercises overseas as their own communities crumble around them at home."

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Spiegel Online vom 12.09.2019

"Zehntausende Männer im US-Militär sollen Opfer sexueller Übergriffe geworden sein"

Der Missbrauch von Frauen in der US-Armee ist schon länger bekannt. Die New York Times berichtet jetzt von einer hohen Anzahl missbrauchter jüngerer Männer mit niedrigem Dienstgrad. "Mehr als die Hälfte der Übergriffe ging nach Angaben des Verteidigungsministeriums von Männern aus. 30 Prozent der betroffenen Männer gaben an, die Täter seien weiblich gewesen, in 13 Prozent der Fälle handelte es sich um männliche und weibliche Täter. Die weiblichen Opfer gaben vor allem Männer als Täter an."

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The Intercept vom 11.09.2019

"Harrowing Cables Detail How the CIA Tortured Accused 9/11 Mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Jeopardizing the Case Against Him"

Neu veröffentlichte CIA-Berichte vermitteln ein Daniel DeFraia zufolge "erschütterndes" Bild über die systematische Folterung des mutmaßlichen Chefplaners der 9/11-Anschläge, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, in einem polnischen Geheimgefängnis im Jahr 2003. "The CIA interrogation program has been well documented. But recently declassified cables, published here for the first time, reveal in new detail interrogators’ attempts to transform detainees into collaborators in the war against Al Qaeda. The cables chronicle the banal and brutal moments of Mohammed’s so-called enhanced interrogation over a period of almost four weeks in 2003. They display in cold bureaucratic prose the thinking behind torture tactics, including waterboarding, 'walling,' and sleep deprivation. And they exhibit a committed belief that enhanced measures always move detainees closer to an imagined breaking point that, once met, force them to produce more accurate information — a belief that the 2014 Senate torture report showed to have been wrong."

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Johnson's Russia List vom 11.09.2019

"Bolton’s resignation increases chances of timely agreement on prolonging New START – Kosachyov"

In Russland hat die Entlassung des US-Sicherheitsberaters John Bolton die Hoffnung geweckt, dass der auslaufende "New START"-Vertrag zur Reduzierung der amerikanischen und russischen Atomwaffenarsenale doch noch rechtzeitig verlängert werden kann. "'The hope for the New START’s renewal is still alive, and will be as long as it is in full force and effect, that is, until February 2021. But the chances that necessary agreements could be achieved on time and without unnecessary distress at least won’t get smaller. Perhaps, they will even grow,' [Russian Federation Council International Affairs Committee head Konstantin Kosachyov] told Interfax on Tuesday. That is how Kosachyov replied to a question as to whether there is any hope left for the New START to be extended, which was asked in connection with Bolton’s resignation. Bolton is a strong advocate a hard line foreign policy, as he 'has always been against the agreements in the area of strategic stability and arms control, suggesting that they are excessively limiting the U.S., stopping it from demonstrating its dominance,' he said."

Mehr lesen vom 11.09.2019

"Trump Mulls $15 Billion Iran Bailout, May Lift Sanctions"

US-Präsident Trump erwägt Berichten zufolge, die französische Initiative zur finanziellen Entlastung Irans zu tolerieren und zudem eigene Sanktionen gegen Teheran aufzuheben. "A $15 billion EU line of credit to Iran in return for oil sales, an effort to get them around near-term economic problems, seems the most likely immediate move, with Trump and Mike Pompeo both considering giving France permission to do it. Iran has suggested they would only be open to talks in the event the US lifted sanctions on th4em. Incredibly, it does appear that this too is under consideration, as Trump is very hopeful for talks, and might actually be willing to do something to make that happen."

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Outline vom 11.09.2019

"Trump Discussed Easing Iran Sanctions, Prompting Bolton Pushback"

Eine interne Diskussion über eine mögliche Aufhebung von US-Sanktionen gegen den Iran habe letztlich zur Entlassung von Sicherheitsberater John Bolton geführt, berichtet Jenny Leonard von Bloomberg News. "President Donald Trump discussed easing sanctions on Iran to help secure a meeting with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani later this month, prompting then-National Security Advisor John Bolton to argue forcefully against such a step, according to three people familiar with the matter. After an Oval Office meeting on Monday when the idea came up, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin voiced his support for the move as a way to restart negotiations with Iran, some of the people said. Later in the day, Trump decided to oust Bolton, whose departure was announced Tuesday. (...) 'Bolton made sure to block any and all avenues for diplomacy w/ Iran, including a plan being brokered by Macron,' Suzanne DiMaggio, a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said on Twitter. 'The French are offering Trump a facing-saving way out of a mess of his creation. He should grab it.'"

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Spiegel Online vom 11.09.2019

"Jasager gesucht"

Wer wird der vierte Sicherheitsberater unter US-Präsident Donald Trump? Spiegel Online stellt die möglichen Kandidaten vor. "Der Abgang von Donald Trumps Sicherheitsberater John Bolton befeuert in Washington die Personalspekulationen. Auch Richard Grenell, der hochumstrittene US-Botschafter in Berlin, ist als Nachfolger im Gespräch."

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The Times of Israel vom 11.09.2019

"Trump ready to meet Rouhani without preconditions"

Enge Berater des US-Präsidenten haben mitgeteilt, dass Donald Trump ohne Vorbedingungen zu einem Treffen mit Irans Präsidenten Rohani bereit wäre. "Even as the removal of national security hardliner John Bolton triggered speculation that Trump might soften his approach to Iran, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo joined Israel in alleging 'possible undeclared nuclear activities' by Tehran, and the US administration imposed new terrorist designations on leaders of some groups linked to the Islamic republic. Amid the fraught political climate, Trump loyalists signaled he is prepared to meet with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani — something that French President Emmanuel Macron had proposed in an effort to salvage a 2015 nuclear accord with Tehran from which Trump withdrew the United States."

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Spiegel Online vom 10.09.2019

"Trump feuert Sicherheitsberater Bolton"

US-Präsident Donald Trump hat mit dem Rücktritt John Boltons seinen nunmehr dritten Sicherheitsberaters verloren, berichtet Spiegel Online. "Bolton ist als außenpolitischer Hardliner bekannt. Er gilt als scharfer Kritiker von Iran, China und Nordkorea. Trump schrieb auf Twitter, er habe, wie auch viele andere in der Administration, mit Bolton "starke Meinungsverschiedenheiten" gehabt. In der kommenden Woche werde er einen neuen Sicherheitsberater berufen."

Mehr lesen vom 10.09.2019

"9/11 Is History Now. Here's How American Kids Are Learning About It in Class"

18 Jahre nach dem 11. September 2001 berichtet Olivia B. Waxman darüber, was Kinder und Jugendliche in US-Schulen heute über die folgenreichen Terroranschläge lernen. "It’s not surprising that teaching 9/11 as history is a delicate task. In addition to the emotional burden that falls on teachers who remember that day, the subject matter is sensitive and the images and documents that might be used as primary sources are disturbing. The story is also very much still being written, as the effects of 9/11 on American society continue to evolve. There is also no national guideline that states are required to follow in terms of teaching the topic, so lessons will vary depending on the teacher or school district. In New York, for example, schools will observe a moment of silence on Wednesday, after Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed a law on Monday requiring observation of the anniversary. A 2017 analysis of state high-school social-studies academic standards in the 50 states and the District of Columbia noted that 26 specifically mentioned the 9/11 attacks, nine mentioned terrorism or the war on terror, and 16 didn’t mention 9/11 or terrorism-related examples at all."

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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty vom 10.09.2019

"Trump Says Ready To Join Normandy Talks On East Ukraine Conflict"

US-Präsident Trump hat sich grundsätzlich dazu bereit erklärt, an den Verhandlungen des sogenannten Normandie-Quartetts zur Lösung des Konflikts in der Ostukraine teilzunehmen. "U.S. President Donald Trump has said he isn't averse to joining talks with Germany, France, Ukraine, and Russia aimed at ending the conflict in eastern Ukraine. Known as the Normandy format, Trump told Voice of America on September 9 in Washington that he'd join the talks if the participants needed him. 'I believe the fact that the exchange of prisoners between Russia and Ukraine took place…is a very big step, and a very positive step. If they need me to join, I would join [the Normandy format],' Trump said. France, Germany, and Ukraine have called for talks to take place by the end of this month. Russia has said it is ready to meet once 'concrete steps' are taken before the meeting. The last round of Normandy talks took place in 2016."

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The National Interest vom 10.09.2019

"Will Bolton’s Ouster Lead to Changes In Trump Foreign Policy?"’s-ouster-lead-changes-trump-foreign-policy-79536

Nach Ansicht von Hunter DeRensis und Matthew Petti eröffnet die Entlassung des Nationalen Sicherheitsberaters John Bolton neue Möglichkeiten für diplomatische Durchbrüche in mehreren sicherheitspolitischen Bereichen. "'It probably is a reflection of the fact that Trump wants to pursue diplomacy in a few areas, and that it became too costly for him to have this 'saboteur-in-chief' on staff, essentially having a fox in the henhouse. It signaled insincerity on Trump’s behalf,' said Trita Parsi, executive vice president of the Quincy Institute. 'The collapse of Afghanistan talks have left Trump with few potential diplomatic victories on the horizon: Afghanistan more or less gone, Israel/Palestine clearly gone, North Korea not going anywhere, China not going anywhere,' he told TNI. 'Iran may be the one that he's turning his eye to. And for that, he needs to fire Bolton.' (...) Ken Silverstein, former editor at Harper’s Magazine, says without Bolton the administration’s already stillborn attempt at eliminating the Maduro government in Venezuela becomes even less likely. (...) Perhaps the biggest change in policy may come with Korea. 'Everything is possible now,' said Lt. Col. Daniel L. Davis, senior fellow at Defense Priorities."

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The New Yorker vom 10.09.2019

"How John Bolton Got the Better of President Trump"

In seiner recht positiven Bestandsaufnahme der Amtszeit des entlassenen Nationalen Sicherheitsberaters hält Dexter Filkins es für einen Glücksfall, dass John Bolton sich in drei außenpolitischen Fällen erfolgreich gegen den US-Präsidenten durchsetzen konnte. "Someone has to contain [Trump]. My sense was that Bolton understood this from the start (...) A case in point: Trump favored direct negotiations with Kim Jong Un, North Korea’s erratic chieftain (...). Bolton told his aides to support the President, but he made it clear that he believed the strategy was a bad idea. No deal emerged. Another: Trump seems determined to take all remaining American troops out of Afghanistan, and he appointed a special envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad, to make a deal with the Taliban. (...) Bolton opposed all of it. And now the deal appears dead. And a third: At Bolton’s urging, Trump withdrew from the deal, forged by the Obama Administration, to restrain Iran’s nuclear-weapons program. But the President was clearly confused about what to do next. Bolton and the others around him wanted to crush the Iranian economy, launch air strikes, and provoke a confrontation. Trump felt uncomfortable with Bolton’s aggressive posture and appeared to long for a chance to do a deal; in 2017, before appointing Bolton, he sent eight invitations, including a dinner request, to the Iranian President, Hassan Rouhani. But no deal has happened. (...) on these three crucial issues, Bolton was able to get the better of Trump. Not all of the outcomes were the direct result of his actions, but his views mostly prevailed."

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The American Conservative vom 10.09.2019

"Bolton Likely Axed Over Taliban Deal, Leaks"

Barbara Boland führt die Entlassung John Boltons darauf zurück, dass der Nationale Sicherheitsberater sich dem US-Präsidenten in Verhandlungen und öffentlichen Äußerungen immer wieder entgegengestellt habe. Zudem habe Bolton mit gezielten Veröffentlichungen vertraulicher Informationen versucht, die öffentliche Debatte in eine von ihm gewünschte Richtung zu lenken. "(...) the writing was on the wall for Bolton for some time, in part because he had a habit of leaking information to the press that would damage negotiations he didn’t agree with. The situation became so bad that Trump’s special envoy Zalmay Khalilzad reportedly refused to allow Bolton to leave the room with a copy of the nascent Afghanistan deal. That decision was followed by a flurry of pro-Bolton leaks and anti-deal coverage in the press. (...) in recent days, it appears Trump became frustrated with Bolton publicly contradicting him and scuttling his negotiations. Bolton opposed Trump’s face-to-face negotiations with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, backed an unsuccessful campaign to remove Venezuela’s President Nicolás Maduro from power, and promoted an aggressive stance towards Iran. The argument over the Camp David Taliban deal might have made their final break inevitable."

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