US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

2.2. USA

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New York Times vom 25.09.2019

"Why a Trump Impeachment Should Terrify You"

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/25/opinion/trump-impeachment-.html

Frank Bruni meint, dass Donald Trump eine Amtsenthebung durchaus verdienen würde. Die möglichen politischen Folgen des nun anlaufenden Prozesses bereiten allerdings auch ihm Sorge: "(...) while an impeachment’s impact on November 2020 is unknowable, its effect on us as a nation is almost certain. A dangerously polarized and often viciously partisan country would grow more so, with people on opposing sides hunkering down deeper in their camps and clinging harder to their chosen narratives as the president — concerned only with himself — ratcheted up his insistence that truth itself was subjective and up for grabs. That’s not a reason to blink, but it’s a reality to brace for. At a juncture when we so desperately need to rediscover common ground, we’d be widening the fault lines. (...) Impeachment should terrify you because it would mean a continued, relentless, overwhelming focus on Trump’s lawlessness, antics, fictions and inane tweets."

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The Guardian vom 25.09.2019

"Beware, Democrats. Impeaching Trump will backfire"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/25/beware-democrats-impeaching-trump-will-be-a-disaste
r

Carlo Invernizzi-Accetti hält ein Amtsenthebungsverfahren gegen US-Präsident Trump wegen Machtmissbrauchs aus verfassungsrechtlicher Sicht für durchaus angebracht. In der politischen Realität würde ein solches Verfahren allerdings vor allem den Demokraten schaden, so seine Erwartung. Als warnendes Beispiel verweist er auf die politische Karriere von Silvio Berlusconi: "A cautionary example may be offered here by a figure that anticipated many aspects of Trump’s political style. During the time of Silvio Berlusconi’s premiership in Italy, the country’s left-leaning Democratic party virtually converted itself into a 'party of impeachment'. Although one of the many proceedings initiated against him did result in condemnation, ultimately forcing him out of office, the fact that Berlusconi was not defeated politically at the polls, but only juridically in court, meant that the underlying reasons for his electoral popularity were never dented. Thus, even after Berlusconi’s ouster, the country has seen a succession of populist leaders replicating important features of his political style and substance – from the comedian-turned-politician Beppe Grillo up to the far-right nationalist Matteo Salvini. This shows that there is a risk of legal proceedings distracting from the underlying political issues. If that happens, the US may at most get rid of Trump himself, but wouldn’t necessarily overcome the broader problem of Trump-ism as a political phenomenon."

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The Hill vom 25.09.2019

"Furor grows after White House releases readout of Trump call"

https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/463103-furor-grows-after-white-house-releases-readout-of-trum
p-call

Die Veröffentlichung des Transkripts des Trump-Telefonats mit dem ukrainischen Präsidenten Selenskyj hat die Forderungen der US-Demokraten nach einer Amtsenthebung des Präsidenten lauter werden lassen. Viele Republikaner sehen Trump dagegen von den Vorwürfen entlastet. "While Republicans sought to brush off the document as nothing new, Democrats pounced, seizing on it to argue that it bolstered the case for impeachment. They are concerned that Trump pressured a foreign government to look into a political opponent, and that he may have used U.S. military aid as leverage. 'The transcript is an unambiguous, damning, and shocking abuse of the Office of the Presidency for personal political gain,' four Democratic committee chairmen said in a joint statement. (...) Most of Trump’s Republican allies on Capitol Hill dismissed the transcript. 'There was no quid pro quo and nothing to justify the clamor House Democrats caused yesterday. The real danger here is that Democrats keep using baseless accusations in hopes of crippling a successful presidency,' said Rep. Dough Collins (Ga.), the top Republican on the House Judiciary Committee. The battle will enter a new chapter Thursday as the House and Senate Intelligence committees hold separate hearings on a whistleblower’s complaint about Trump’s interactions with Ukraine’s leaders."

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TIME.com vom 25.09.2019

"Democrats Launched an Impeachment Inquiry Into President Trump. Here's What That Means"

https://time.com/5685325/impeachment-inquiry-donald-trump-democrats/

Die demokratische Vorsitzende des US-Repräsentantenhauses, Nancy Pelosi, hat eine formelle Untersuchung zu einem Amtsenthebungsverfahren gegen US-Präsident Trump eingeleitet. Trump wird die Verletzung seiner verfassungsmäßigen Pflichten vorgeworfen, da er den ukrainischen Präsidenten Selenskyj in einem Telefonat gedrängt haben soll, Ermittlungen gegen den Sohn des demokratischen Präsidentschaftsbewerbers Joe Biden einzuleiten. Tara Law erklärt die politische und verfassungsrechtliche Bedeutung des Verfahrens. "Impeachment proceedings are an ambiguous part of American law. As the Constitution does not go into detail about how the procedure should work, lawmakers must rely on precedents set out by previous impeachments for guidance. However, following precedent has limitations of its own, because there have been very few impeachments in American history and only two Presidents have ever been impeached. This reliance on precedence also means that lawmakers have more room for reinterpreting the law. (...) a lawmaker told TIME that Pelosi acknowledged that formally declaring the investigation an impeachment inquiry 'doesn’t change much from what is already going on,' as lawmakers had already begun investigating the President’s conduct."

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Zeit Online vom 25.09.2019

"Riskante Offensive"

https://www.zeit.de/politik/ausland/2019-09/impeachment-ukraine-affaere-donald-trump-nancy-pelosi-amtsent
hebungsverfahren/komplettansicht

Jörg Wimalasena analysiert auf Zeit Online das Vorgehen der US-Demokraten in der Ukraine-Affäre des amerikanischen Präsidenten. "Vorerst hat Pelosis Vorstoß allerdings keine Konsequenzen für Trump. Die Chefin der Demokraten im Repräsentantenhaus will laut einem Bericht der New York Times zunächst die Vorsitzenden mehrerer Kongressausschüsse bitten, die Ergebnisse ihrer bisherigen Ermittlungen gegen Trump an den Justizausschuss zu übermitteln. Dieser könnte daraus dann eine Art Zusammenfassung mit allen relevanten Vergehen verfassen, die als Grundlage für eine formale Anklageschrift (Articles of Impeachment) dienen könnte. Einen festen Zeitplan für das Verfahren hat Pelosi nicht verlauten lassen. Und die Demokraten können sich immer noch entscheiden, von ihrem Vorhaben wieder abzurücken. Es gibt also noch viele Konjunktive."

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tagesschau.de vom 24.09.2019

"Senator schießt zwei Menschen an"

https://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/haiti-249.html

Bei einem Zusammentreffen mit Demonstranten hat ein Senator der haitischen Regierungspartei um sich geschossen, berichtet tagesschau.de. "Zwei Menschen wurden vor dem Parlament in Port-au-Prince verletzt."

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New York Post vom 23.09.2019

"Trump, Ukraine and yet another liberal rush to cry ‘impeachment’"

https://nypost.com/2019/09/23/trump-ukraine-and-yet-another-liberal-rush-to-cry-impeachment/

Jonathan S. Tobin erwartet, dass der erneute Versuch der US-Demokraten, Präsident Trump aus dem Amt zu drängen, ebenso enden wird, wie die Untersuchung von Sonderermittler Mueller zum Russiagate-Skandal. Trumps Verhalten sei in vieler Hinsicht fragwürdig, rechtfertige aus verfassungsrechtlicher Sicht jedoch keine Amtsenthebung. "The Ukraine-Biden affair is just one more instance of Democrats trying to sell us on the false notion that Trump’s questionable judgment and style of governing are equivalent to the 'high crimes and misdemeanors' that the Constitution requires for removing a president from office. There’s no proof that either Biden or his son did anything illegal in Ukraine, even if there is the appearance of a conflict of interest. (...) By the same token, for Trump to ask the Ukrainian president to investigate this also seems wrong, especially if it was accompanied by an implicit threat of withholding the military aid that country needs to defend itself against Russian aggression. Trump denies the charge. But despite all the huffing and puffing by Trump’s critics, it’s not clear what, if any, laws Trump broke by asking about Biden’s business. Nor does the whistleblower statute cover a president’s dealings with a foreign nation."

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Politico vom 23.09.2019

"Why Trump Will Survive Even This"

https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2019/09/23/donald-trump-ukraine-whistleblower-survive-228153

Jack Shafer hält es praktisch für ausgeschlossen, dass US-Präsident Trump aufgrund der Kontroverse um sein Telefongespräch mit dem ukrainischen Präsidenten tatsächlich eine Amtsenthebung fürchten muss. "(...) Trump has got to be hoping House Democrats toss him in the impeachment patch. No matter how the House votes, we can’t expect the Republican Senate to convict. Such an acquittal, following his 'victory' over Mueller, would only magnify Trump’s martyrdom in the eyes of his followers. (...) If Democrats hope to evict Trump from the White House, they’ll have to do better than bang their impeachment pots and pans outside his bedroom window. They’ll have go after his positives and his 2016 campaign promises. Has he made the economy stronger, as he claims? Maybe not. The Federal Reserve Bank just dropped rates to goose an economy feared to be entering a recession. Has he made America safer? More respected? Has he brought China to heel? Built the wall? Locked up Hillary Clinton? Stop thinking you can thwart Trump. You can’t shame a man who won’t be shamed. You can only vote him out."

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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty vom 22.09.2019

"Amid Trump-Biden Tug-Of-War, Anxious Ukraine Ponders How To Proceed"

https://www.rferl.org/a/amid-trump-biden-tug-of-war-anxious-ukraine-ponders-how-to-proceed/30177810.html

Im Streit der USA über das Telefongespräch Präsident Trumps mit dem ukrainischen Präsidenten Zelenskiy sehe sich die Ukraine zwischen den Fronten, schreibt Christopher Miller. "Trump has denied he did anything inappropriate in the phone call, which he described as 'perfectly fine and routine.' 'Nothing was said that was in any way wrong,' Trump tweeted on September 21. What Zelenskiy chooses to do about it may have serious implications. Ukraine depends heavily on U.S. support that has helped to prop up its economy, implement anti-corruption reforms, and fight a war against Russia-backed separatists in the eastern Donbas region that has killed more than 13,000 people since 2014. The Ukrainian leader could investigate Hunter Biden. But doing that means risking being seen by Democrats as helping Republicans to meddle in the 2020 U.S. election, analysts say. On the other hand, experts say that opting to not open a probe may anger Trump, who has spoken openly about a rapprochement with Russia and been lukewarm on Ukraine for years, even reportedly saying of Ukrainians, 'They're all corrupt and they tried to take me down,' a reference to unproven accusations from the Trump camp that Kyiv tried to undermine his candidacy in 2016."

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Zeit Online vom 21.09.2019

"Donald Trump ist ein Krimineller"

https://www.zeit.de/kultur/2019-09/david-frum-us-autor-trumpocracy-donald-trump-kritiker

Dirk Peitz im Gespräch mit dem konservativen Autor David Frum über "Trump, dessen Effekt auf die USA – und wie die Welt ihn übersteht".

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Politico vom 21.09.2019

"Why Trump’s Ukraine scandal could backfire on Biden"

https://www.politico.com/story/2019/09/21/trump-ukraine-biden-1507051

Trump-Gegner in den USA wollen die Enthüllungen über ein Telefongespräch zwischen dem US-Präsidenten und dem ukrainischen Präsidenten Zelenskiy nutzen, um eine Amtsenthebung Trumps voranzutreiben. Die Wahlkampfchancen des vom Skandal ebenfalls betroffenen demokratischen Präsidentschaftskandidaten Joe Biden könnten allerdings darunter leiden, schreibt Politico. "Despite the outrage that greeted reports of the president’s actions, Biden’s immediate response was no simple matter. His son Hunter Biden’s lucrative contracts with Ukraine — at the same time the vice president was in charge of U.S. policy toward the country raised — raised the prospect of fueling a narrative with downside political risk for Biden. 'This puts him on the ropes over having to talk about this,' said Patrick Murray, a pollster with Monmouth University. 'He certainly doesn’t want to talk about this, his family.' (...) For months, Biden has sidestepped questions about his son’s business dealings, which were criticized when they were reported in 2015 by both The New York Times as well as Russia’s state-run Izvestia news service. The controversy can be traced back to March 2014, when Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula in Eastern Ukraine, setting off an international crisis. As the administration’s point-man on Ukraine, Biden led the U.S. response."

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National Review vom 21.09.2019

"Breaking Down the Whistleblower Frenzy"

https://www.nationalreview.com/2019/09/trump-whistleblower-claim-congress-should-investigate/

Auch Andrew C. McCarthy hält eine parlamentarische Untersuchung der Behauptungen des Geheimdienstmitarbeiters über das Telefongespräch zwischen Donald Trump und dem ukrainischen Staatschef Wolodymyr Selenskyj für angebracht. Er empfiehlt allerdings, politische Grundlagen bei der Beurteilung des Vorfalls nicht außer Acht zu lassen. "The Democrats’ media narrative of impeachment portrays President Trump and his administration as serial law-breakers who, true to form, obstruct all congressional investigations of wrongdoing. This then becomes the analytical framework for every new controversy. There are at least two fundamental problems with this. First, our constitutional system is based on friction between competing branches vested with separate but closely related powers. The Framers understood that the two political branches would periodically try to usurp each other’s authorities. Congress often does this by enactments that seek to subject executive power to congressional (or judicial) supervision. Presidential pushback on such laws is not criminal obstruction; it is the Constitution in action. Second, we’ve become so law-obsessed that we miss the forest for the trees. Often, the least important aspect of a controversy — viz., whether a law has been violated — becomes the dominant consideration. Short shrift is given to the more consequential aspects, such as whether we are being competently governed or whether power is being abused. (...) The president has the power to conduct foreign policy as he sees fit. The Congress has the power to subject that exercise to thorough examination. The clash of these powers is a constant in our form of government. It is politics. For once, let’s find out what happened before we leap to DEFCON 1."

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The Atlantic vom 21.09.2019

"If This Isn’t Impeachable, Nothing Is"

https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/09/trumps-ukraine-call-clear-impeachable-offense/598570/

In den USA hat die Aussage eines Geheimdienstmitarbeiters über ein Telefonat des US-Präsidenten mit seinem ukrainischen Amtskollegen eine neue Debatte über eine mögliche Amtsenthebung Donald Trumps ausgelöst. Trump soll Wolodymyr Selenskyj gedrängt haben, die Aktivitäten des Sohnes des demokratischen Präsidentschaftskandidaten Joe Biden in der Ukraine zu untersuchen. Für Tom Nichols ist der Fall klar: "Until now, there was room for reasonable disagreement over impeachment as both a matter of politics and a matter of tactics. The Mueller report revealed despicably unpatriotic behavior by Trump and his minions, but it did not trigger a political judgment with a majority of Americans that it warranted impeachment. The Democrats, for their part, remained unwilling to risk their new majority in Congress on a move destined to fail in a Republican-controlled Senate. Now, however, we face an entirely new situation. In a call to the new president of Ukraine, Trump reportedly attempted to pressure the leader of a sovereign state into conducting an investigation — a witch hunt, one might call it — of a U.S. citizen, former Vice President Joe Biden, and his son Hunter Biden. (...) If this in itself is not impeachable, then the concept has no meaning. Trump’s grubby commandeering of the presidency’s fearsome and nearly uncheckable powers in foreign policy for his own ends is a gross abuse of power and an affront both to our constitutional order and to the integrity of our elections."

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Spiegel Online vom 19.09.2019

"Der nächste Hardliner - rät er Trump zum Angriff auf Iran?"

https://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/trump-robert-o-brien-ist-neuer-sicherheitsberater-raet-er-zum-angr
iff-auf-iran-a-1287513.html

Roland Nelles kommentiert die Berufung Robert O'Briens zum neuen Sicherheitsberater des US-Präsidenten. "Inhaltlich steht O'Brien für eine Sicht auf die Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik, die der harten Linie seines Vorgängers Bolton gar nicht so unähnlich ist. Er setzt auf amerikanische Stärke, politisch, wirtschaftlich und militärisch. Er sieht die USA als führende Weltmacht, die gegen das Böse in der Welt kämpft. Dabei will er traditionelle Allianzen pflegen und Rivalen wie Russland und China zurückdrängen."

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Politico vom 18.09.2019

"Trump's new national security adviser is the anti-Bolton in style only"

https://www.politico.com/story/2019/09/18/trump-to-nominate-us-hostage-negotiator-robert-obrien-as-nation
al-security-adviser-1501811

Auch Politico stellt fest, dass sich der neue Sicherheitsberater des US-Präsidenten von seinem Vorgänger vor allem im Auftreten unterscheide. "People who have worked with and are close to O’Brien describe him as similarly aggressive as his predecessor on issues like Iran, but more of a congenial colleague than Bolton, who was known as a sharp bureaucratic infighter. And unlike Bolton, O’Brien, a career lawyer before working in government, is not a big name in the intelligence and national security world, indicating he will likely bring a much lower profile to the job. 'He worked for John Bolton at the United Nations and might be as hawkish,' said Andrew Exum, the deputy assistant secretary of defense for Middle East policy from 2015-2016 who knows O’Brien and has traveled with him. 'But he’s certainly not as pugilistic.'"

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