US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

2.3. Israel / Palästina

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Haaretz vom 19.02.2018

"To Push Iran Back, Israel Ramps Up Support for Syrian Rebels, 'Arming 7 Different Groups'"

Israel hat sich aufgrund der Entwicklung des Krieges und des wachsenden Einflusses Irans in Syrien der Expertin Elizabeth Tsurkov zufolge entschlossen, insgesamt sieben Rebellengruppen bei den Golanhöhen durch Waffenlieferungen zu unterstützen. "Dozens of rebels who spoke with Tsurkov described a significant change in the amount of aid they receive from Israel. Moreover, she said at least seven Sunni rebel organizations in the Syrian Golan are now getting arms and ammunition from Israel, along with money to buy additional armaments. (...) At the same time, Israel has also increased its civilian aid to villages controlled by the rebels, including supplying medicine, food and clothing. (...) Tsurkov said these Israeli moves are intended to help block the Assad regime’s advance in the Golan and its conquest of rebel-held villages near the Israeli border. Nevertheless, she wrote, there’s an expectations gap between the two sides. The rebels expect unlimited Israeli support, and some are even hoping for help in their efforts to topple the regime. Israel’s plans are much more modest, and are intended as a holding action." Weiter...

Haaretz vom 12.02.2018

"Putin's Phone Call With Netanyahu Put End to Israeli Strikes in Syria"

Israel hat am Wochenende auf den Abschuss eines Kampfflugzeuges durch syrische Regierungstruppen mit einer Serie von Luftschlägen gegen Militäranlagen und iranische Stützpunkte in Syrien geantwortet. Amos Harel berichtet, dass die Vergeltungsoperation offenbar weitergeführt werden sollte. Ein Telefongespräch zwischen Premierminister Netanjahu und Präsident Putin habe dies allerdings verhindert. "The quiet after the Netanyahu-Putin call shows once again who’s the real boss in the Middle East. While the United States remains the region’s present absentee – searches are continuing for a coherent American foreign policy – Russia is dictating the way things are going. Moscow has invested too much effort and resources in saving Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime in recent years to allow Israel to foil its strategic project. One can assume messages of this nature were conveyed during the phone call with Netanyahu. This doesn’t mean that Israel doesn’t have its own bargaining chips, just from its ability to send the Syrian arena into another dramatic spin, but it’s doubtful that Netanyahu is eager to confront the Russians. His confrontation with the Iranians is enough." Weiter...

The Washington Post vom 11.02.2018

"The drone shot down by Israel was an Iranian copy of a U.S. craft, Israel says"

Die vor wenigen Tagen über Israel abgeschossene iranische Spionage-Drohne entspreche offenbar einem US-Modell, das 2011 im Iran abgestürzt ist, berichten Loveday Morris und Ruth Eglash. "Experts who examined footage of the drone being shot down and images of its wreckage released by the Israeli military agreed that the shape strongly resembled that of Iran’s Saeqeh, or 'Thunderbolt,' drone, which was based on a CIA-operated RQ-170 captured by Iran. Conricus said that he could not specifically confirm that the drone was a Saeqeh and that the debris is still being examined. Iran has developed several other models based on the RQ-170. 'It was an Iranian copy of a U.S. drone that they got hold of a few years ago and they duplicated,' [Yuval Steinitz, a minister in Israel’s security cabinet,] told Israeli radio." Weiter...

Haaretz vom 11.02.2018

"In First, Israel and Iran Are Engaged in a Head-to-head Confrontation in Syria"

Nach dem offenbar durch syrische Regierungstruppen herbeigeführten Absturz eines israelischen Kampffliegers habe sich die strategische Situation für Israel in Syrien möglicherweise entscheidend verändert, schreibt Amos Harel. "Seven years of civil war in Syria gave Israel’s broad freedom of action in Syrian skies. When it identified a threat to its security interests, its air force acted almost without hindrance. (...) Israel’s modus operandi in the north did not change until it fell Saturday into a strategic trap that which might have been a deliberate ambush. (...) Israel had several operational successes Saturday. It downed the Iranian drone despite the unmanned aircraft’s very low radar signature, and did so in a convenient location that allowed Israel to recover the parts; this will presumably provide proof of Iranian responsibility. Israel also destroyed the control vehicle in a complex, long-distance attack and hit several other targets. But in the current era of image wars, all this will be overshadowed by the downing of the Israeli plane and injuring of its crew. The Arabs marketed this as a great victory, and it embarrassed Israelis. (...) Iran has already leveraged the incident to obtain a pronouncement that Israel can no longer operate in Syria. This worrying pronouncement was issued by Russia, which hosted Netanyahu just last month: Moscow urged Israel to respect Syrian sovereignty while completely ignoring the Iranian drone’s infiltration into Israel." Weiter...

Lobelog vom 09.02.2018

"Another Unnecessary War"

Idan Landau, Sprachwissenschaftler an der Ben-Gurion University, hält eine israelische Militäroperation zur Zerstörung von Raketenanlagen der Hisbollah in Libanon angesichts der Rhetorik einiger israelischer Politiker und Generäle in naher Zukunft für wahrscheinlich. Die vorgebrachten Gründe seien allerdings kaum überzeugend, es würde sich um einen "gewollten Krieg" handeln. "The following are the two scenarios that we face at the moment: 1. In the current scenario, Hezbollah already has around 130,000 missiles, of which only a few dozen are precision-guided. Israel’s relentless provocation (approximately 100 bombings over five years) has emboldened a bitter enemy across the border that is looking for an opportunity for revenge. When war breaks out, the IDF plans to launch a 'pre-emptive strike' on all known concentrations of missiles. Israel’s Air Force commander admits that 'it will not be over in three hours.' The defense minister mutters something about 'casualties.' Allow me to translate: for several hours, perhaps a few days, thousands of missiles will be launched into Israel. (...) 2. In the second scenario, which is completely imaginary, Israel comes down from its high horse and stops dictating which weapons its neighbors are and are not allowed to have — just as our neighbors do not stick their noses in Israel’s arsenals. As a result, every state and armed group in the region will know that as long as they refrain from violating the sovereignty of their neighbor, that neighbor will do the same. That is classical deterrence between rivals whose mutual destructive capacity is so hideous it does not even cross their minds to press the button." Weiter...

Haaretz vom 08.02.2018

"Gaza Health System Collapsing: 40 Percent of Medicine Runs Out"

Die schwelende Krise im Gazastreifen könnte einem neuen WHO-Bericht zufolge in den kommenden Tagen zum Kollaps des Gesundheitswesens führen. Über 1.700 Patienten könnten sich demnach bald in akuter Lebensgefahr befinden. "At the end of January, Gaza’s public health care system had run out of 206 essential medicines – that is 40 percent of medications included in the basic Palestinian health basket. A further 27 drugs – or 6 percent of the 516 medications in the basket – were about to be depleted within days or weeks. (...) The unavailability of drugs has been overshadowed in the last year by the worsening electricity shortage, with a daily supply of only four to eight hours. Consequently, health facilities rely on generators and a supply of emergency fuel which, according to a UN warning last Monday, will be exhausted within the next week. A January report by the World Health Organization warns that 1,715 patients will be in immediate life-threatening situations if hospitals run out of fuel." Weiter...

Haaretz vom 07.02.2018

"A High-functioning Illiberal Democracy: Explaining Israel's Ranking in the Global Democracy Index"

Die Intelligence Unit des britischen Economist hat einen neuen Demokratie-Index veröffentlicht, in dem Israel auf einem eigentlich recht hohen 30. Platz eingestuft wird. Anshel Pfeffer macht allerdings darauf aufmerksam, dass der Score des Landes unter 8.0 liege und Israel für die Experten damit nicht als "vollständige Demokratie" gelte. "Only 19 countries, mainly Western European nations along with Canada, Australia and New Zealand, score high enough to be described 'full' democracies. Israel, along with the United States, Italy, Japan and France, are among the world’s 57 'flawed democracies.' (...) It’s all the rest of the civil liberties where Israel plunges beneath the world’s democracies – equality, human rights, religious tolerance, racial discrimination and personal freedoms. In other words, if it weren’t for the Chief Rabbinate’s hegemony and the way Israel treats its non-Jewish minorities, especially the Palestinians, it would be a model democracy. But based on civil liberties alone, Israel has no right to call itself a democracy, even a flawed one. (...) No other country on the index has such a massive disparity between its levels of participation, the quality of its electoral process, its strong media and freedom of expression and its dismal civil liberties record." Weiter...

Asia Times vom 05.02.2018

"Air strikes in Sinai underscore Israel’s tightening alliance with Arab states"

Einem Bericht der New York Times zufolge hat Israel mit ägyptischer Erlaubnis bisher insgesamt über hundert Luftangriffe auf mutmaßliche IS-Kämpfer auf der Sinai-Halbinsel durchgeführt. Shaiel Ben-Ephraim betrachtet diese inoffizielle Kooperation als Teil einer grundsätzlichen Wende in den sicherheitspolitischen Beziehungen Israels zu den arabischen Staaten. "Hatred toward Israel, even among the public, is abating as inter-Arab and inter-Islamic schisms take on increased salience. The changed security situation in the Middle East is changing political allegiances in the region more deeply than previously imagined. Arab-Israeli cooperation is no longer taboo, and the long-developing Egyptian-Israeli alliance is now out in the open." Weiter...

Foreign Policy vom 03.02.2018

"How Israel Won a War but Paid a High Moral Price"

Foreign Policy präsentiert ein Exzerpt aus dem neuen Buch "Rise and Kill First: The Secret History of Israel’s Targeted Assassinations", dessen Autor Ronen Bergman sich mit den ethischen und politischen Hintergründen der jahrelang verfolgten israelischen Politik gezielter Attentate beschäftigt hat. "Targeted killing operations killed 84 people in 2001, 101 in 2002, and 135 in 2003. Unlike sporadic killings abroad by Mossad, Israel’s chief intelligence agency, it wasn’t possible — or plausible — for the country to deny that it was behind the assassinations. Criticism of the targeted killings inside and outside Israel also made it necessary to justify each one, disclosing details of the victims’ misdeeds to establish that it had sufficient cause to respond. Gradually, what had once been considered highly damaging — acknowledging responsibility for an assassination — became official policy. (...) With the ability to kill at their fingertips, Israeli leaders frequently opted for force before diplomacy. The targeted killing campaign may have been a tactical victory, but it was a strategic defeat that further marginalized and delegitimized Israel in the eyes of the world. David was once again behaving like Goliath." Weiter...

Deutschlandfunk vom 31.01.2018

"Auf schwieriger Mission in Israel"

Bundesaußenminister Sigmar Gabriel ist kein Jahr nach seinem letzten von einem Eklat überschatteten Besuch erneut in Israel gelandet. "Neun Monate nach seiner von einem Eklat überschatteten Antrittsreise besucht Außenminister Sigmar Gabriel erneut Israel. Damals ließ Regierungschef Netanjahu ihn abblitzen. Diesmal soll es anders laufen - die belasteten deutsch-israelischen Beziehungen haben es nötig." Weiter...

The National Interest vom 29.01.2018

"Don't Ignore Kushner's Quiet Mideast Gains"

Jared Kushner, Schwiegersohn des US-Präsidenten Donald Trump, wird in seiner Rolle als Nahost-Berater in der Öffentlichkeit oft kritisiert. Der marokkanische Verleger Ahmed Charai vom Atlantic Council hält Kushner dagegen für einen effektiven Vermittler, der hinter den Kulissen bereits einiges im Friedensprozess erreicht habe. "(...) he is trying a new approach, completely at odds with the conventional wisdom among diplomats. Kushner, speaking at the Saban Forum in Washington, said, 'The most important thing was to focus on the final status issues, not on daily distractions that come up along the way.' This signals a sharp break with the conventional State Department view that it is better to start modestly, focus on building trust, build the capacity of the Palestinian Authority, foster economic ties between the parties and lay a foundation for still greater capacity on the Palestinian side. Only then, after years of 'capacity building,' can the final-status negotiations start. Kushner blunted turned this upside down (...). Other Gulf Arab leaders that I have met with tell me that they have heard positive things about Kushner, and are eager to work with him. In short, Kushner’s correct reading of this unique moment in Arab politics as well as the strong relationships with key players that he has fostered position him, and the United States, to make historic progress in the Middle East." Weiter...

The Times of Israel vom 25.01.2018

"Support up among Israelis, Palestinians for violent solution to conflict - poll"

Eine aktuelle Umfrage deutet Michael Bachner zufolge darauf hin, dass die Zustimmung für eine gewaltsame Lösung des Nahostkonflikts sowohl unter Israelis als unter Palästinensern zunimmt. "Support for armed struggle has almost doubled among Palestinians in the last six months, while Israeli backing for a decisive military offensive to end the conflict increased during the same period by almost 60 percent, according to a poll published Thursday that said the rise was most likely linked to US President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. The survey also found that most Israeli Jews and most Palestinians no longer believe the two-state solution is a possible way to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. (...) The poll, published every six months, was conducted in December 2017, after Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem. The declaration angered Palestinians and led their leadership to boycott the Trump administration ever since. 'Palestinian attitudes become more pessimistic in general and support for militancy rose following US President Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital,' said the pollsters in a press release summarizing their findings." Weiter...

Deutschlandfunk vom 22.01.2018

"Junge Juden und Jerusalem"

Was denken junge Juden in Berlin über die Entscheidung von US-Präsident Donald Trump, Jerusalem als Hauptstadt Israels anzuerkennen, fragt Carsten Dippel und hat sich mit jüdischen Bewohnern Berlins im Deutschlandfunk unterhalten. "'Jerusalem ist ein Gemütszustand. Aber ich liebe diese Stadt nicht als jüdischer Israeli, ich liebe diese Stadt nicht, weil ich den israelischen Pass in der Tasche habe. Ich liebe diese Stadt, weil ich dort geboren wurde, weil man dort viele Räume hat, um Mensch zu sein, um wirklich Mensch zu sein, in dieser sonst doch so schwierigen Situation in Israel und Palästina.' Die Entscheidung des US-Präsidenten betrachtet Waldman mit großer Sorge: 'Die erste Frage soll lauten: Wer zahlt den Preis für solche Entscheidungen? Und den Preis zahlen die Menschen vor Ort, Juden, also jüdische Israelis wie Palästinenser. Die sind diejenigen, die dann den Preis der Gewalt zahlen. Und tatsächlich haben wir auf beiden Seiten Tote zu beklagen, seitdem Trump diese Entscheidung veröffentlicht hat.'" Weiter...

The Atlantic vom 21.01.2018

"The Tragedy of Mahmoud Abbas"

Grant Rumley schreibt, dass der 82-jährige Palästinenserpräsident Mahmoud Abbas in den letzten Jahren seiner Amtszeit dabei sei, die Fehler des 2004 verstorbenen PLO-Chefs Yasser Arafat zu wiederholen. "Frustration, it seems, has led Abbas to reveal his true colors. In recent years, he’s accused Israeli rabbis of supporting the poisoning of Palestinian water wells, claimed Jews had 'fabricated' history, and insisted he would 'never recognize the Jewishness of the state of Israel.' This dalliance with anti-Semitism brings to mind his controversial PhD thesis, which downplayed the number of victims of the Holocaust and suggested a link between Zionism and Nazism. Though he later backtracked on the claims in his thesis, his recent diatribes call into question his sincerity. Abbas — the man who became president on the pledge to finally make a deal with the Israelis through public diplomacy and nonviolence — has morphed into Arafat, the very figure he pledged not to become. It’s a remarkable fall from grace for a leader who started with such potential." Weiter...

Haaretz vom 16.01.2018

"Israel Can Blame Hamas All It Wants - It Won't Keep Gaza From Descending Into Collapse"

Premierminister Netanjahu und Verteidigungsminister Lieberman haben die Hamas für den bedenklichen wirtschaftlichen Zustand des Gazastreifens verantwortlich gemacht. Amos Harel hält diese Diagnose für weitgehend korrekt, aber angesichts des drohenden humanitären Desasters in Gaza auch für nebensächlich. "The answers by Netanyahu and Lieberman will not be accepted by the international community if sewage floods the refugee camps and neighborhoods this winter and if epidemics rage there, as the professionals in the defense establishment fear. Even less dramatic infrastructure problems, like additional disruptions to the electricity supply, could have bad consequences. Infectious diseases will not stop at the Erez Crossing and no technology will identify and eliminate them before they cross at Keren Shalom and affect Israelis. Under those circumstances, the question of whether Hamas will resume using its weapons against Israel will be the least of our problems." Weiter...

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