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The Atlantic vom 13.02.2019

"The Trump Administration Wants North Korea to Be the Next Vietnam"

https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2019/02/trump-kim-vietnam-model-north-korea/582559/?utm
_source=feed

Das nächste Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Kong Un soll Michael Tatarski zufolge auch deshalb in Hanoi stattfinden, weil die USA Nordkorea am Beispiel Vietnams demonstrieren wollen, welche positiven Folgen eine umfassende Einigung bei den Verhandlungen haben könnte. "In Vietnam’s case, the country emerged in the 1970s from a two-decade war that left millions dead, urban areas impoverished, and huge swaths of the countryside doused with chemical defoliants. A decade of food shortages, economic stagnation, and international isolation followed. But since initiating economic reforms in 1986, it has become one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, lifting millions of people out of poverty along the way. It is a major cog in the global trading network, and an important diplomatic and security partner for the United States in Southeast Asia. Though Vietnam has a pluralistic leadership model that eschews the cult of personality that Kim Jong Un, his father, and his grandfather built around them, it remains a closed political society. The country has a terrible record on human rights, and lacks a free press or any semblance of an opposition, issues that Trump has largely remained silent on and which may well appeal to Kim."

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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty vom 13.02.2019

"UN Official Says Peace Negotiations For Ukraine Have 'Lost Momentum'"

https://www.rferl.org/a/un-ukraine-conflict-minsk-accord/29767153.html

Die laufenden Verhandlungen zur Lösung des Ukraine-Konflikts sind dem stellvertretenden UN-Generalsekretär Miroslav Jenca zufolge ins Stocken geraten, da beide Seiten in wichtigen Fragen nicht zu Kompromissen bereit seien. "A top UN official said the negotiations aimed at implementing the 2015 Minsk accords and ending the conflict in eastern Ukraine have lost momentum. Assistant Secretary-General Miroslav Jenca made the comment in a speech before the UN Security Council on February 12, at an event marking the fourth anniversary of the accords. Jenca said negotiations 'appear to have lost momentum' and that neither Russia nor Ukraine appear to be willing to agree on key steps forward. The conflict, which erupted in 2014 at around the same time that Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea Peninsula, has killed more than 10,000 people and displaced more than 1 million.“

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Defense One vom 11.02.2019

"Two Ideas That Might Stop a Post-INF Arms Race, and One That Won’t"

https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2019/02/two-ideas-might-stop-post-inf-arms-race-and-one-wont/154789/?ore
f=d-river

Seit dem absehbaren Ende des INF-Vertrags werden Überlegungen darüber angestellt, wie die atomare Rüstungskontrolle neu organisiert und ein neues internationales Wettrüsten verhindert werden könnte. Die Idee eines "INF-Plus"-Vertrags unter Einbeziehung Chinas wird von Daryl G. Kimball von der Arms Control Association (ACA) als aussichtslos abgelehnt. Er plädiert stattdessen für eine Vereinbarung, die die NATO und Russland zum Verzicht auf eine zu nahe Stationierung neuer Raketen verpflichten würde. "One option would be for NATO to declare, as a bloc, that no alliance members will field any INF Treaty-prohibited missiles or any equivalent new nuclear capabilities in Europe so long as Russia does not deploy treaty-prohibited systems where they could hit NATO territory. This would require Russia to move at least some currently deployed 9M729 missiles. As the United States and Russia dispute the range of that missile; perhaps they could agree to bar deployments west of the Ural mountains. (...) Key allies would likely view this as the best post-INF alternative. Germany has already declared its opposition to stationing new intermediate-range missiles in Europe. And Moscow may already be open to a new agreement along these lines."

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Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung vom 11.02.2019

"Die Angst vor Amerika wächst in Deutschland am schnellsten"

https://www.faz.net/aktuell/politik/sicherheitskonferenz/die-angst-vor-amerika-waechst-in-deutschland-am-
schnellsten-16035123.html

Lorenz Hemicker stellt in der Frankfurter Allgemeinen Zeitung die aktuelle Umfrage des amerianischen Pew Research Centers zur öffentlichen Meinung über globale Gefahren vor. "Klimawandel, die Terrormiliz 'Islamischer Staat' und Cyberattacken beunruhigen Menschen laut einer Umfrage des amerikanischen Pew Research Centers am stärksten. Der Unmut über die Vereinigten Staaten wächst rasch."

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Reuters vom 10.02.2019

"South Korea signs deal to pay more for U.S. troops after Trump demand"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-southkorea-troops/south-korea-signs-deal-to-pay-more-for-u-s-troop
s-after-trump-demand-idUSKCN1PZ03Q

Die südkoreanische Regierung hat der Forderung von US-Präsident Trump nachgegeben und sich zu höheren Zahlungen für die in Südkorea stationierten US-Truppen bereit erklärt. "About 28,500 U.S. troops are stationed in South Korea, where the United States has maintained a military presence since the 1950-53 Korean War. The new deal must still be approved by South Korea’s parliament, but it would boost its contribution to 1.03 trillion won ($890 million) from 960 billion won in 2018. Unlike past agreements, which lasted for five years, this one is scheduled to expire in a year, potentially forcing both sides back to the bargaining table within months. (...) The disagreement had raised the prospect that Trump could decide to withdraw at least some troops from South Korea, as he has in other countries like Syria. But on Sunday, South Korean officials told Yonhap news agency that the United States had affirmed it would not be changing its troop presence."

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The Washington Post vom 10.02.2019

"After years of silence, Turkey rebukes China for mass detention of Muslim Uighurs"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/after-years-of-silence-turkey-rebukes-china-for-mass-detention-of-mu
slim-uighurs/2019/02/10/011c7dd6-2d44-11e9-ac6c-14eea99d5e24_story.html?utm_term=.7836a0ecc6f5

Die Masseninhaftierung von muslimischen Uiguren in China hat in arabischen Ländern bisher kaum Proteste ausgelöst. Die Türkei hat China nun zum ersten Mal öffentlichkeitswirksam aufgefordert, die umstrittenen Umerziehungslager zu schließen. "The Turkish government has called on China to close its indoctrination centers holding ethnic Uighurs, marking a rare instance of a major Muslim country joining a mounting international chorus condemning the detention of up to 1 million Muslims in the far western region of Xinjiang. The statement marks a turnaround for Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s ruling party, which has been notably silent about China’s treatment of Uighurs despite growing inter­national media coverage and pressure from Turkish opposition parties since 2017. (...) China’s embassy in Ankara responded to the statement with fury, saying its internment program was designed to curb extremism and terrorism, threats that Turkey shares with China. It rejected Turkey’s remarks as 'completely against the truth.'"

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The Nation vom 07.02.2019

"Inside the Secretive US Air Campaign In Somalia"

https://www.thenation.com/article/somalia-secret-air-campaign/

Amanda Sperber berichtet in dieser Reportage über den Luftkrieg der USA in Somalia, der seit dem Amtsantritt Donald Trumps noch geheimer als früher ablaufe. "Since Donald Trump took office, the US military has approximately tripled the number of strikes that it conducts each year in Somalia, according to figures confirmed by the Pentagon, while such actions — and the reasons behind them — have become increasingly opaque. 'It’s hard to know what standards and processes the Trump administration, since taking office in 2017, has been applying to counterterrorism operations in places like Somalia, given the administration’s retrenchment on transparency with respect to the overall policy framework governing counterterrorism strikes,' said Joshua Geltzer, the senior director for counterterrorism at the National Security Council from 2015 to 2017."

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Bloomberg vom 07.02.2019

"Trump Doesn’t Need North Macedonia in NATO"

https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2019-02-07/donald-trump-doesn-t-need-north-macedonia-in-nato?s
rnd=opinion

Leonid Bershidsky meint, dass der eingeleitete NATO-Beitritt Nordmazedoniens dem Militärbündnis keinen sicherheitspolitischen Nutzen bringen werde. Für Nordmazedonien selbst sei der Beitritt vor allem ein wichtiger Schritt hin zum eigentlichen Ziel: der EU-Mitgliedschaft. "It’s hard, if not impossible, to make any kind of geo-strategic case for North Macedonia’s NATO membership. The country didn’t play a major role in the Balkans conflict. It is tiny, landlocked and resource-poor. Prime Minister Zoran Zaev’s government hasn’t even tried to make the case. It’s interested in a NATO membership less as a security guarantee than as a de facto prerequisite for EU membership. All the former-communist EU members joined NATO before the bloc. (...) For the U.S., which provides the security umbrella for NATO countries, North Macedonia looks to be just another freeloader. (...) NATO gains nothing by taking it in and stretching the umbrella a little more. (...) the U.S. does need to consider what it gets out of an alliance with an increasing number of small members primarily interested using it as a step on the way to EU accession."

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Russia in Global Affairs vom 07.02.2019

"Why Is It So Difficult for Russia and Japan to Come to Agreement?"

https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Why-Is-It-So-Difficult-for-Russia-and-Japan-to-Come-to-Agreement--19944

Andrei A. Sushentsov, Direktor des Institute for International Studies in Moskau, erläutert, warum es beim letzten Treffen zwischen Präsident Putin und Premierminister Abe trotz der hohen Erwartungen nicht zu einem Durchbruch in den Verhandlungen über die Kurilen-Inseln gekommen ist. "Despite more frequent meetings of the Russian and Japanese leaders, the key bilateral problem of different strategic approaches to interstate relations remains unresolved. Tokyo believes that the Japanese leader’s outreach to Russia will lessen its isolation and enable Japan to obtain valuable territorial concessions in exchange for a few symbolic steps. Tokyo seems to think that it will be able to arrange for a rapprochement with Russia and induce Moscow to join the effort of containing China in Southeast Asia. However, Japan seeks to promote economic relations with Russia while keeping sanctions against it in place and avoiding Washington’s displeasure. Russia, for its part, wants much more from Japan. In its view, Japan should win strategic autonomy and be independent of the United States. It must also lift sanctions and work for a new quality of economic relations. Moscow holds up as an example its rapprochement with Beijing, a process that lasted for two decades and eventually made China Russia’s key trade partner and most trusted strategic interlocutor. In the longer term Russia would like to establish an inclusive political system in East Asia that would involve both China and Japan. And this is the main strategic controversy. Japan is a consistent US ally in both military and political respects."

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RAND Corporation vom 07.02.2019

"Russia Is a Rogue, Not a Peer; China Is a Peer, Not a Rogue"

https://www.rand.org/pubs/perspectives/PE310.html

James Dobbins, Howard J. Shatz und Ali Wyne empfehlen der US-Regierung in diesem Forschungspapier, China und Russland als unterschiedliche strategische Herausforderungen zu behandeln. "Russia and China represent distinct challenges to U.S. national security. Russia is not a peer or near-peer competitor but rather a well-armed rogue state that seeks to subvert an international order it can never hope to dominate. In contrast, China is a peer competitor that wants to shape an international order that it can aspire to dominate. Both countries seek to alter the status quo, but only Russia has attacked neighboring states, annexed conquered territory, and supported insurgent forces seeking to detach yet more territory. Russia assassinates its opponents at home and abroad, interferes in foreign elections, subverts foreign democracies, and works to undermine European and Atlantic institutions. In contrast, China's growing influence is based largely on more-positive measures: trade, investment, and development assistance. These attributes make China a less immediate threat but a much greater long-term challenge."

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TIME.com vom 06.02.2019

"Why Vietnam? 4 Reasons the Southeast Asian Nation Is Perfect for the Second Trump-Kim Summit"

http://time.com/5522688/kim-trump-summit-meeting-vietnam/

Das zweite Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong Un soll Ende Februar in Vietnam stattfinden. Joseph Hincks hält diese Wahl aus vier Gründen für "perfekt": "Vietnam is geographically close to North Korea (...) Vietnam was once a bitter enemy of the United States... (...) But today Vietnam provides a model North Korea could emulate (...) Vietnam is politically neutral and secure".

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The National Interest vom 06.02.2019

"North Korea and America’s Second Summit: We Asked 76 Experts to Predict the Results"

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/north-korea-and-america%E2%80%99s-second-summit-we-asked-76-expert
s-predict-results-43787

Das Magazin National Interest hat zusammen mit dem Center for the National Interest 76 Korea-Experten nach ihren Prognosen für das bevorstehende zweite Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong Un gefragt. "Could a comprehensive deal be struck, changing the trajectory of U.S.-DPRK relations once and for all away from confrontation and threats of nuclear war? Is a smaller or interim deal where both sides embrace an action-for-action formula a more likely result, say trading the Yongbyon nuclear facility for sanctions relief? Or, is all this simply a waste of time and we are destined to return to the days of 'fire and fury'? (...) Below you will find a multitude of different perspectives from around the globe. Please note that these responses were collected over roughly one week with a filing date of Tuesday, February 5, 2019. We have done our best to ensure all content is timely and up to date."

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Auswärtiges Amt vom 06.02.2019

"Für eine Zukunft ohne IS"

https://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/de/aussenpolitik/laender/usa-node/maas-washington-anti-is-koalition/21868
70

Das Auswärtige Amt informiert über die anstehende Reise von Außenminister Heiko Maas zum Außenministertreffen der Anti-IS-Koalition in Washington. "Die Anti-IS-Koalition hat gemeinsam viel erreicht. Aber viel bleibt zu tun, damit die Gesellschaft wieder zusammenwächst und den Extremisten dauerhaft der Nährboden entzogen wird. Deshalb werden wir jetzt in unseren Anstrengungen nicht nachlassen," so Maas in der Mitteilung des Auswärtigen Amts.

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Deutschlandfunk vom 06.02.2019

"Schaulaufen für die NATO"

https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/mazedonien-schaulaufen-fuer-die-nato.795.de.html?dram:article_id=440256

Wie geht es nun weiter mit Mazedonien, nach dem der Namensstreit mit Griechenland beigelegt ist, fragt Srdjan Govedarica im Deutschlandfunk. "Nach dem Ende des Namensstreits mit Griechenland scheint für Mazedonien der Weg in die NATO frei zu sein. Dem NATO-Generalsekretär und der Regierung in Skopje kann es nicht schnell genug gehen mit den Beitritt, doch in der Bevölkerung gibt es auch kritische Stimmen."

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CNN vom 04.02.2019

"Sold to an ally, lost to an enemy"

https://edition.cnn.com/interactive/2019/02/middleeast/yemen-lost-us-arms/

CNN erklärt in dieser Exklusiv-Reportage, wie amerikanische Waffenlieferungen an Saudi-Arabien und die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate in die Hände extremistischer Gruppen in Jemen gelangen konnten. Die Waffen seien von den Verbündeten der USA offenbar als "Währung" genutzt worden, um die Loyalität bestimmter Milizen zu erkaufen. "Saudi Arabia and its coalition partners have transferred American-made weapons to al Qaeda-linked fighters, hardline Salafi militias, and other factions waging war in Yemen, in violation of their agreements with the United States, a CNN investigation has found. The weapons have also made their way into the hands of Iranian-backed rebels battling the coalition for control of the country, exposing some of America's sensitive military technology to Tehran and potentially endangering the lives of US troops in other conflict zones. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, its main partner in the war, have used the US-manufactured weapons as a form of currency to buy the loyalties of militias or tribes, bolster chosen armed actors, and influence the complex political landscape, according to local commanders on the ground and analysts who spoke to CNN."

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