US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

3. Bündnisse und internationale Diplomatie

suche-links1 2 .. 219suche-rechts

Radio Free Europe vom 19.05.2019

"Erdogan Insists Russian Missile Deal Will Go Through, Plans Additional Work With Moscow"

https://www.rferl.org/a/erdogan-russian-missile-done-deal-plans-cooperation-on-new-missile-system/2995038
6.html

Die Türkei besteht zum Missfallen der NATO-Partner nicht nur auf dem Kauf von russischen S-400-Luftabwehrraketen, sondern will mit Moskau auch bei der Produktion des Nachfolgemodells S-500 kooperieren. "Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has again insisted he will go through with the purchase of S-400 defense systems from Russia and will also cooperate with Moscow on producing S-500 systems in the future, despite U.S. pressure against the deals. 'There is absolutely no question of [Turkey] taking a step back from the S-400s purchase. That is a done deal,' Erdogan said on May 18 in a question-and-answer session with university students in Istanbul. 'There will be joint production of the S-500 after the S-400,' Erdogan added. He added that he still expected the United States to allow Ankara to participate in production of F-35 fighter jets amid threats from Washington that Turkey could be excluded if it buys the Russian missile system. Turkey has also ordered 100 of the jets for its military."

Mehr lesen


Al-Monitor vom 16.05.2019

"US prepares new pressure campaign on Assad"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/05/us-double-down-anti-assad-policy-syria-pullout.html

Die US-Regierung will den Druck auf die syrische Regierung in den kommenden Monaten nach Informationen von Al-Monitor erneut verstärken, um Zugeständnisse in den stagnierenden Verhandlungen unter Führung der UN zu erzwingen. "A senior State Department official told Al-Monitor that the Trump administration plans to intensify political and economic pressure on Syria in the coming months to compel the Bashar al-Assad government to 'see reality and make concessions' regarding the stalled UN-backed peace process. (...) The pressure campaign comes as Assad’s forces are stepping up their offensive against the last rebel-held province of Idlib, which is largely under the control of al-Qaeda breakaway group Hayat Tahrir al-Sham."

Mehr lesen


South China Morning Post vom 15.05.2019

"A third US-North Korea summit is the last best chance for resolving nuclear crisis"

https://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/article/3010062/third-us-north-korea-summit-last-best-chance
-resolving

Glyn Ford sieht in einem dritten Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong Un die wohl letzte Chance, um den laufenden Verhandlungsprozess zu einem positiven Ende zu führen. "The elephant in the room remains: security guarantees for North Korea. The US belabours the point that North Korea once said it would not necessarily demand the withdrawal of US troops from the south, yet fails to acknowledge the decades of it demanding exactly that. If the US were to end its hostile policy, what better demonstration of commitment than withdrawing US forces from the peninsula? It is inconceivable that this will not be on the table at a future meeting even if ultimately Pyongyang would allow Washington to buy out the demand with concessions. (...) It would be no surprise – and suit Washington – if some time after the G20 summit in Osaka, there was a blitzkrieg summit in Pyongyang."

Mehr lesen


Spiegel Online vom 14.05.2019

"USA attackieren EU-Pläne für Verteidigungsfonds"

https://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/usa-attackieren-eu-plaene-fuer-verteidigungsfonds-a-1267291.html

Die USA drohen mit gegen Europa gerichteten Strafen, sollten diese die Regeln für den EU-Verteidigungsfonds nicht ändern, berichtet Gerald Traufetter und Matthias Gebauer auf Spiegel Online. "Auf vier eng bedruckten Seiten kritisieren die beiden Rüstungs-Staatssekretärinnen Ellen Lord und Andrea Thompson zwei zentrale Projekte der EU - die Abmachungen für mehr Kooperation bei der Verteidigung und den milliardenschweren Fonds zur Entwicklung von EU-Rüstungsprojekten.(...) Die beiden Spitzenkräfte aus dem Pentagon kommen schnell zur Sache. Der Vertragsentwurf für die Projekte stellt für sie 'eine dramatische Umkehr' von 'drei Jahrzehnten wachsender Integration des transatlantischen Verteidigungssektors' dar und widerspreche konkreten Zusagen der EU an die Nato. Kurzum riskiere die EU so die partnerschaftliche Zusammenarbeit mit den USA."

Mehr lesen


Süddeutsche Zeitung vom 14.05.2019

"Trump missachtet die Diplomatie"

https://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/trump-iran-nordkorea-kim-1.4443959

Georg Mascolo sieht durch US-Präsident Donald Trumps Missachtung diplomatischer Gepflogenheiten die globale Sicherheit gefährdet. "Trump hat bisher nichts vorzuweisen. Außer der Zerstörung eines Abkommens, das den Iran-Konflikt entschärft hatte. Der selbsternannte Meister des großen Deals spielt mit immer größerem Einsatz. Niemand weiß, wie er reagieren wird, wenn er scheitert. Vielleicht weiß er es nicht einmal selbst."

Mehr lesen


Lobelog vom 12.05.2019

"60 Days To Save The JCPOA"

https://lobelog.com/60-days-to-save-the-jcpoa/

Ellie Geranmayeh vom European Council on Foreign Relations analysiert die Hintergründe und möglichen Konsequenzen des iranischen Ultimatums im Atomstreit mit Europa. Beide Seiten seien grundsätzlich am Bestand des Atomabkommens interessiert, auf beiden Seiten gebe es allerdings das Risiko einer Fehlkalkulation. "The prevailing view in Europe has been that Iran would comply with the JCPOA until the U.S. 2020 election outcome was clear. This assessment seems to be the only rational path from a European perspective, but it has failed to fully appreciate the domestic politics of Iran. This includes the concept of maintaining dignity that underpins Iran’s foreign policy interactions, and the heavy economic pressure the country faces. Iran, on the other hand, needs to have more realistic expectations from Europe and accept its shortcomings in the face of U.S. secondary sanctions. Europe is a very different polity to the one that negotiated with Iran to strike the JCPOA in 2015. The E3 governments today are far more distracted by their own domestic politics."

Mehr lesen


Middle East Eye vom 10.05.2019

"'Thousands could die': Are US and Iran headed for war?"

https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/us-iran-war-devastate-middle-east-analysis

Ein offener Krieg zwischen den USA und dem Iran hätte für die gesamte Region "katastrophale" Folgen, so die Warnung vieler Experten. Unmittelbare Leidtragende könnten vor allem die Länder sein, die den harten Iran-Kurs der USA immer wieder gefordert hätten. "Should that happen, [Imad Harb, director of research and analysis at Arab Center Washington DC.,] painted a doomsday scenario in which Iran would not only retaliate against US troops in the region, but would also target the Arab Gulf countries hosting those American forces. Tehran and its allies in Yemen may also block or at least disrupt the straits of Hormuz and Bab el-Mandeb, the passageways into the Gulf and Red Sea, crippling international trade. 'Iran is not going to go down without harming others,' Harb said. 'We're talking about a Gulf that's anywhere between 35 and 70 miles-wide, and on the western coast ... we have Saudi and UAE installations. And Iran is not going to spare them if things really come to a head.' In fact, the same countries that have pushed the US to adopt a more confrontational approach to Iran - Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates - may be the ones to pay the price if violence breaks out. 'The Gulf countries - Saudi Arabia and the UAE - should really be cautious about what they wish for ... because if Iran is to be vanquished, it's going to hit them really hard,' Harb told MEE."

Mehr lesen


NBC News vom 10.05.2019

"Trump may be underestimating Iran's resolve in resisting nuclear sanctions"

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/trump-may-be-underestimating-iran-s-resolve-resisting-nuclear-sanction
s-n1004111?cid=public-rss_20190510

Andrea Mitchell stellt fest, dass US-Präsident Trump mit seiner Iran-Strategie international zunehmend isoliert dastehe. Die "Falken" im Weißen Haus unterschätzten zudem die Entschlossenheit Teherans, dem Druck der USA nicht nachzugeben. "(...) the president’s hawkish circle of advisers very well may be underestimating Iran’s resolve and resilience. With the approach of the U.S. election, Tehran may decide to wait out the Trump administration. And while the president seems confident in his powers of persuasion if he were in a room with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, how has “the art of the deal” worked so far with North Korea’s Kim Jong Un? In addition, Iran, unlike North Korea, does not have one-man rule. Rouhani has to answer not only to the supreme leader, the Ayatollah Khamenei, but also the powerful Revolutionary Guard, recently named by the State Department as a terrorist group, the first time an official government organization was so designated. Under those conditions, negotiations between the two governments are all but impossible. And Pompeo said last week he does not believe Iran’s government could ever change enough to satisfy the administration."

Mehr lesen


Spiegel Online vom 10.05.2019

"Trump's Iran Escalation Poses a Threat for Germany"

https://www.spiegel.de/international/world/u-s-policy-in-middle-east-leaves-germany-nervous-and-helpless-
a-1266777.html#ref=nl-international

Der SPIEGEL warnt in diesem Beitrag aus der aktuellen Printausgabe, dass die Eskalation des Konflikts zwischen den USA und dem Iran auch Europa und Deutschland bedrohe. "Experienced diplomats are reminded of the period in the run-up to the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003. And sources within the German government believe the threat of war is greater than it has been at any point in recent decades. 'We're seeing increasing confrontation everywhere in the region,' said Volker Perthes, the head of the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP). He believes there's 'a dangerous concurrence of conflicts and too many actors who are willing to take risks and are not speaking with each other.' (...) Europe is basically watching helplessly as tempers flare between Washington and Tehran. 'We are sitting on a rope, with the Americans pulling at one end and the Iranians at the other, and the rope is getting thinner and thinner,' said one EU diplomat. German foreign policy is essentially limited to appeals to the Iranians. No one in Berlin believes that Germany's allies in Washington can be persuaded to shift course. Germany at the moment considers the theocracy in Tehran to be more reasonable and rational than the country's own allies in Washington."

Mehr lesen


Defense One vom 09.05.2019

"The Flash Point Between America and Iran Could Be Iraq’s Militias"

https://www.defenseone.com/threats/2019/05/flash-point-between-america-and-iran-could-be-iraqs-militias/1
56882/?oref=d_brief_nl

In Irak habe der gemeinsame Kampf gegen den IS in den vergangenen Jahren zu einer Art Allianz zwischen den US-Truppen und den von Iran unterstützten schiitischen Milizen geführt, schreibt Mike Giglio. Bei einer weiteren Verschärfung der Krise zwischen den USA und dem Iran könnten die Milizen den US-Truppen allerdings gefährlich werden. "The fact that U.S. troops in Iraq and Syria remain heavily engaged in the fight against ISIS underscores the risks of a U.S. strategy in the region that seeks to pivot to a new enemy, in Iran, even as the battle with the old one remains a work in progress. And as the past few days have shown, both the United States and Iran have levers with which they can escalate tensions."

Mehr lesen


Foreign Affairs vom 09.05.2019

"The Art of a New Iran Deal - What the World’s Diplomats Really Think of Trump’s Endgame in Iran"

https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/iran/2019-05-09/art-new-iran-deal

Sanam Vakil von der britischen Denkfabrik Chatham House hat mit ihren Kollegen 75 internationale Diplomaten nach deren Meinung zur Iran-Strategie des US-Präsidenten befragt. "From this survey, we can determine how those most in the know — and likeliest to participate in future talks — evaluate Trump’s Iran policy and its prospects of success. The respondents were overwhelmingly skeptical, and many pointed to the same deficits. The U.S. administration has called for something — a deal — that requires diplomacy but then consistently reached only for the bluntest of coercive instruments. Washington has further undercut its prospects by failing to nurture its European alliances or to create favorable conditions for Tehran to engage in talks. (...) Most people we interviewed felt that Washington’s policy of 'maximum pressure' on Iran was not meeting its stated objective of bringing Iran back to the negotiating table. Less than 20 percent of our respondents thought a grand bargain with Iran was achievable. The remaining respondents were divided. (...) When asked why the Trump administration’s policy had not been more successful to date, about half of the interviewees pointed to divisions and competition within the administration over Iran policy. While President Trump has clearly stated his desire for a deal with Iran, other members of the administration have sent contradictory messages, respondents noted."

Mehr lesen


The Atlantic vom 08.05.2019

"The Slow Death of the Iran Nuclear Deal"

https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2019/05/rouhani-iran-nuclear-deal-us/589042/?utm_source
=feed

Ankit Panda bezweifelt, dass die Unterzeichner des internationalen Atomabkommens sich den USA im Streit mit dem Iran effektiv entgegenstellen werden. Der "langsame Tod" des Abkommens werde damit weiter voranschreiten. "In Shakespearean terms, the tragedy of the JCPOA is halfway through the fourth act — the falling action that followed last year’s climactic decision by the United States to gut any value the agreement had for Iran with the reimposition of sanctions. (...) The most serious concern now is that the 60-day period elapses without any satisfying result to whatever E3+2 and Iran negotiations might occur, and Tehran pushes through enrichment limits and takes steps to reverse the disablement of facilities at Arak. Given a measurable increase in proliferation risks as a result of these actions, the well-known views of influential members of the administration such as Bolton, and rising tensions between the two countries, the odds of a military conflict grow. (...) As far as the administration will be concerned, the 'maximum pressure' campaign prosecuted against Iran over the past year worked — not because it was ever meant to bring Iran to the negotiating table to reach a new agreement, but because it got Iran to begin a unilateral move away from compliance with the JCPOA."

Mehr lesen


Reuters vom 08.05.2019

"Iran rolls back part of nuclear pact, France issues warning"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-iran-rouhani/iran-rolls-back-part-of-nuclear-pact-france-issues-wa
rning-idUSKCN1SE0I5

Die iranische Führung hat angekündigt, Teile des internationalen Atomabkommens nicht länger berücksichtigen zu wollen. Auf eine Anreicherung von Uran will Teheran weiterhin verzichten, wenn die anderen Unterzeichner in den nächsten 60 Tagen die zugesagten Schutzmaßnahmen für den Öl- und Bankensektor Irans umsetzen. "France’s defense minister said she wanted to keep the nuclear deal alive but warned Iran it could face more sanctions if it did not honor its part of the deal. (...) The Trump administration has restored U.S. sanctions and extended them, effectively ordering countries around the world to stop buying Iranian oil or face sanctions of their own. (...) 'If the five countries came to the negotiating table and we reached an agreement, and if they could protect our interests in the oil and banking sectors, we will go back to square one (and will resume our commitments),' Rouhani said. Rouhani warned of a firm response if Iran’s nuclear case is referred again to the U.N. Security Council, but said Tehran was ready for negotiations."

Mehr lesen


The Times vom 07.05.2019

"How John Bolton Became Trump's Attack Dog on Foreign Policy"

http://time.com/5584338/john-bolton-foreign-policy-threats/

John Walcott und W.J. Hennigan stellen fest, dass John Bolton in der US-Außenpolitik die Rolle eines "Angriffshunds" übernommen habe. "Traditionally, the national security advisor has worked more behind the scenes, an éminence grise whose influence could often be seen only indirectly. The job has historically been to play an honest broker for the president on the toughest strategic decisions of the day, resolving internal policy disputes and providing a menu of options when needed. But Bolton has taken to it with the flair of the cable TV pundit that he used to be, relishing his ability to keep the America’s adversaries off-balance with aggressive public statements advocating his own stances on the issues. A conservative insider who joined the White House in April 2018, Bolton has overtly and covertly hijacked the Washington news cycles with his hawkish views."

Mehr lesen


The Independent vom 07.05.2019

"Trump doesn't want a war with Iran — but he might get one anyway"

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/trump-iran-war-us-white-house-john-bolton-a8903886.html

Negar Mortazavi ist davon überzeugt, dass US-Präsident Trump nicht an einem Krieg gegen den Iran oder einem Regimewechsel in Teheran, sondern vor allem an einer Neuverhandlung des Atomabkommens interessiert sei. Trumps außenpolitisches Team könne ihn allerdings in einen offenen Konflikt drängen. "John Bolton was one of the main architects of the 2003 invasion of Iraq by George W Bush. And today he seems to be playing a similar tune about Iran. However, President Trump does not want another war in the Middle East. He constantly criticized his Republican and Democratic predecessors for waging costly conflicts in the region, and ran an election campaign on the promise of ending those wars and avoiding new ones. Trump does not seem to have an obsession with regime change in Iran, either. What he really wanted was to tear up the Obama-era nuclear deal and negotiate a 'better' deal (or perhaps just a new deal with his name on it, as some critics have suggested). (...) It is clear that even John Bolton knows that it is not easy to sell a full-on war with Iran to the American public today. But it’s also clear that he would be quick to strike in the case of any 'accident' which occurs, thus plunging the US into conflict with its Middle Eastern counterpart — a conflict that would be much worse than the Iraq war and a disaster for both the Iranian and the American people."

Mehr lesen


suche-links1 2 .. 219suche-rechts

Hier finden Sie die Redaktion der Sicherheitspolitischen Presseschau.

Mehr lesen

Internationales

Internationales

Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

Mehr lesen

Online-Angebot

Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? Sicherheitspolitik.bpb.de liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

Mehr lesen auf sicherheitspolitik.bpb.de

Dossier

Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

Mehr lesen

Zahlen und Fakten

Globalisierung

Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

Mehr lesen

Publikationen zum Thema

Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

Zum Shop