US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

3. Bündnisse und internationale Diplomatie

suche-links1 2 3 .. 193suche-rechts vom 18.09.2018

"Here's What to Expect From the Third Summit Between Korean Leaders Kim Jong Un and Moon Jae In"

Eli Meixler berichtet über das mittlerweile dritte Gipfeltreffen zwischen Kim Jong Un und Moon Jae In in Pjöngjang. "The three-day summit, the third between the Korean leaders, comes as U.S.-North Korean negotiations have reached an impasse since the landmark summit between President Donald Trump and Kim in June. Moon and Kim hailed 'a new era of peace' when they first met at the Panmunjom 'truce village' between the two Koreas in April. Kim also became the first North Korean leader to enter South Korea since the Korean War was halted by an armistice in 1953. Their second inter-Korea meeting came in May, in the lead-up to the summit with Trump. The talks this week also come in the wake of North Korea’s 70th national anniversary celebrations and a military parade that drew praise from Trump for playing down North Korea’s intercontinental ballistic missiles. Moon will also likely propose further inter-Korean economic engagement, which has so far been obstructed by sanctions, to encourage reduced hostilities along the Koreas’ shared 155-mile border."

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BBC vom 18.09.2018

"Russia blames Israel after military plane shot down off Syria"

Die syrische Luftwaffe hat Berichten zufolge bei der Abwehr eines israelischen Luftangriffs versehentlich ein russisches Militärflugzeug abgeschossen. Das russische Verteidigungsministerium macht Israel für den Vorfall verantwortlich. "In a statement, Russia said Israel's 'irresponsible actions' were to blame, saying it was given less than a minute's warning ahead of the strikes, which was not enough time to get the military surveillance plane out of the way. 'The Israeli planes deliberately created a dangerous situation for surface ships and aircraft in the area,' a defence ministry spokesman said. The spokesman accused Israeli pilots of 'using the Russian airplane as a cover', putting it 'in the line of fire coming from Syrian air defence systems'. (...) It is not possible to verify any of these claims. In a phone call on Tuesday, Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu told his Israeli counterpart Avigdor Lieberman the blame 'fully rests with Israel', adding that Russia 'reserves the right to take further steps in response'."

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Al Jazeera English vom 17.09.2018

"Idlib assault on hold as Russia, Turkey agree on buffer zone"

Präsident Putin und Präsident Erdogan haben sich bei ihrem Gespräch in Sotschi überraschend auf die Bildung einer entmilitarisierten Pufferzone zum Schutz von Zivilisten in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz verständigt und die erwartete Offensive syrischer Regierungstruppen zur Eroberung der Rebellenhochburg vorerst aufgeschoben. "Speaking alongside Erdogan, Putin said the 15-20km-wide zone would be established by October 15. This would entail a 'withdrawal of all radical fighters' from Idlib, including the al-Nusra Front, Putin said, referring to Hay'et Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), which is dominated by a rebel faction previously known as al-Nusra Front before renouncing its ties to al-Qaeda. Putin added that heavy weapons would be withdrawn from all opposition forces by October 10 - an approach supported by the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. By the end of 2018, transportation routes linking Syria's key port of Latakia with major cities Aleppo and Hama must also be restored, added the Russian president, a major Assad ally. Describing the agreement as a 'serious result', Putin said that 'Russia and Turkey have confirmed their determination to counter terrorism in Syria in all its forms'."

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The Independent vom 17.09.2018

"Battle for Syria's last major rebel bastion on hold as Putin and Erdogan meet to discuss next moves"

Borzou Daragahi berichtet über die Versuche von Präsident Erdogan und Präsident Putin, im Streit um die Zukunft der syrischen Idlib-Provinz doch noch eine gemeinsame Position zu finden. Die zuletzt verstärkten türkischen Stützpunkte in Idlib könnten demnach von syrischen Regierungstruppen leicht überrannt werden. Ankara habe allerdings mit seinen Gegenmaßnahmen die geopolitischen Kosten einer Offensive zur Rückeroberung der Provinz erhöht. "In addition to a possible confrontation between pro-Assad forces and Turkey, Idlib could be the flashpoint for a conflict with jihadi forces that dominate parts of the province. In recent days, al-Qaeda’s international supporters on social media have also blasted fellow jihadis in Idlib for allowing Turkey to dispatch armoured vehicles and trucks carrying tanks into Syria, as depicted in videos posted on social media. A 13 September statement signed by 15 prominent al-Qaeda supporters questioned Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), the jihadi group that is a dominant player in Idlib, for granting Turkey access to the province. [Nawar Oliver, a Syria specialist at the Omran Institute for Strategic Studies,] suggested Turkey could be bolstering the observation points for fear of attacks by jihadis as well as to stymie Damascus’s offensive. 'The internal problems for Idlib are huge,' he said. 'We are talking about an area that has FSA factions, HTS, you have Isis cells, you have other small entities.'"

Mehr lesen vom 16.09.2018

"Netherlands Ends Funding for Syria White Helmets, Citing Suspicious Actions"

Die niederländische Regierung hat beschlossen, die Finanzhilfen für mehrere Gruppen in Syrien, darunter auch für die Weißhelme, einzustellen. "The White Helmets were recipients of 12.5 million Euros from the Netherlands. Styling themselves as a 'civil defense' force with no ties to foreign governments, the White Helmets actually receive substantially funding from several Western nations, including the US, Britain, and until now, the Netherlands. Netherlands officials warned that there is inadequate supervision of the White Helmets, and the lack of transparency on the flow of cash to the group, as well as how it is spent, raises substantial risk that the aid money may fall into the hands of terrorist groups."

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Al Jazeera English vom 16.09.2018

"The ICC: A common cause between John Bolton and Africa?"

Der Internationale Strafgerichtshof in Den Haag trifft nicht nur in den USA auf Ablehnung. Auch in Afrika haben viele Regierungen den ICC in den letzten Jahren immer wieder als "neokoloniales" Projekt kritisiert. Nicole Fritz von der südafrikanischen NGO Freedom Under Law warnt vor "interessanten" Allianzen zur Bekämpfung des Gerichtshofs und der globalen Ordnung, die er repräsentiert. "As things stand, this could make for some fairly interesting global alliances - advocates for justice in Afghanistan and in Palestine looking to engage the Court and willing it to succeed while several prominent African states are arrayed outside, alongside the likes of the US and Israel, hoping for its defeat. (...) But not that long ago a different vision captured African states. Twenty years ago, when the Rome Statute for the ICC was negotiated and agreed, Africa represented the largest voting bloc in support of the Court. The US was one of only seven countries to vote against the treaty. Its position has remained fairly consistent throughout. African states might want to consider long and hard before they concede that the US was right all along...".

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East Asia Forum vom 15.09.2018

"Could permanent neutrality be the answer for Korea?"

Sangpil Jin erläutert, warum eine vertraglich abgesicherte Deklaration der "dauerhaften Neutralität" durch die Regierungen Nord- und Südkoreas ein "game changer" in der Sicherheitsarchitektur Ostasiens sein könnte. "A permanently neutralised Korean Peninsula would reassure China that this gateway to the heart of continental Eurasia would become less affected by Washington’s geopolitical designs. From the United States’ standpoint, this Sun Tzu-esque balancing mechanism of subduing the enemy without fighting could contain China’s hegemonic ambition by exploiting a neutral Korea’s geography, since the Peninsula would provide a natural buffer between continental and maritime Asia. Moreover, Korean neutrality could serve as a test case for future cooperation between these two rivals in other conflict zones. Russia and Japan also stand to gain from neutrality. (...) Following in the footsteps of the Congress of Vienna — which formalised Switzerland’s neutrality — the final step would see a special session that hammers out a binding treaty on Korea’s permanent neutrality, with China, Japan, Russia and the United States acting as its guarantors. Washington would also agree to end its military presence in South Korea (a strategy that is already gaining traction in policy circles) and terminate the US–South Korean alliance after Korean unification. These steps would pave the way for a non-aligned and neutral Korea."

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The Times of Israel vom 15.09.2018

"Turkey-Russia discord over Idlib defers regime offensive, for now"

Die Vorbehalte der Türkei haben Russland veranlasst, die Offensive zur Rückeroberung der Idlib-Provinz vorerst zu verschieben, berichtet Ezzedine Said. Hintergrund sei das Bemühen Moskaus, den sunnitischen und schiitischen Einfluss in der Region auszubalancieren. "Turkish military analyst Metin Gurcan (...) said the lack of an agreement with Ankara could push Moscow, and thus the Syrian regime, to stage an 'incremental operation that will last months' rather than a full-fledged attack. 'Russia is trying to keep Ankara in the game,' he told AFP, saying any confrontation between the two countries was 'highly unlikely.' 'Moscow needs Turkey as a Sunni power to balance Shiite militias’ presence in northern Syria,' he said."

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Foreign Policy vom 13.09.2018

"The Middle East Doesn’t Take China Seriously"

Steven A. Cook schreibt, dass die unbestreitbare wirtschaftliche Macht Chinas im Nahen Osten nicht ausreiche, um als Großmacht mit entsprechendem Einfluss wahrgenommen zu werden. Für Peking sei dies nicht unbedingt von Nachteil. "No one in the Middle East expects the Chinese to be a provider of security, that is what the United States does and the Chinese are all too happy to benefit from it. (...) Contrary to the often breathless commentary about China as a rising power in the Arab world, Beijing’s minimalist approach to the dramas and traumas of the Middle East in favor of economics issues is shrewd in terms of China’s broader ambitions. (...) A day after the United States launched 59 cruise missiles at Syria, while Presidents Trump and Xi were enjoying chocolate cake at Mar a Largo, I called a friend in Beijing to get a sense of the Chinese reaction. He laughed and told me that no one in the Chinese capital was impressed with the American display of 1980s-era technology. 'Besides,' he said, 'anything that keeps the United States bogged down in the crises of the Middle East is good for China. It’s less resources Washington can spend on the South China Sea.' That makes sense — and it’s time the rest of the world realizes it."

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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty vom 12.09.2018

"In Surprise Move, Putin Proposes Signing Peace Pact With Japan This Year"

Russlands Präsident Putin hat Japans Premierminister Abe bei ihrem Treffen in Wladiwostok überraschend vorgeschlagen, noch in diesem Jahr ein Friedensabkommen ohne Vorbedingungen abzuschließen. "A treaty without preconditions would leave Russia in control of the disputed islands, which Russia calls the Southern Kuriles and Japan calls the Northern Territories. (...) Russian commentator Georgy Kunadze, a former deputy foreign minister, told Ekho Moskvy radio that he believes Putin was 'trolling' Abe and 'does not expect anything' to result from the proposal. The quest for the return of the islands is an emotive issue in Japan, and Kunadze suggested that Abe would never accept a deal that would be political suicide. In years of talks, Russian officials have repeatedly signaled that Japan could not hope for a swift solution and hinted that the best way to get closer to a deal was to invest in the sparsely populated, windswept islands and engage in other areas of economic cooperation."

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Asia Times vom 12.09.2018

"Greater Eurasia coming together in the Russian Far East"

Pepe Escobar betrachtet die zuletzt auf dem Eastern Economic Forum in Wladiwostok bekräftigte Annäherung Russlands und Chinas als Teil einer weiterreichenden Integration Eurasiens. In den Debatten in Wladiwostok sei es u.a. um eine logistische Vernetzung der Region gegangen. "Roundtable topics this year included integration of the Russian Far East into Eurasian logistic chains; once again the Russian link-up with the Koreas – aiming to build a Trans-Korean railway connected to the Trans-Siberian and a 'Pipelineistan' branch-out into South Korea via China. Other topics were the Russia-Japan partnership in terms of Eurasian transit, centering on the link-up of the Trans-Siberian and Baikal-Amur Mainline (BAM) upgrades to a projected railway to the island of Sakhalin, and then all the way to the island of Hokkaido. The future: Tokyo to London, seamlessly, by train. (...) Essentially this is all about the simultaneous build-up of a growing East-West and also North-South axis. Russia, China, Japan, the Koreas and Vietnam, slowly but surely, are on their way to solid geoeconomic integration. (...) Contrary to misinformed or manipulated Western hysteria, the current Vostok war games in the Russian Far East’s Trans-Baikal, including 3,000 Chinese troops, are just a section of the much deeper, complex Russia-China strategic partnership. This is all about a matryoshka: the war game is a doll inside the geoeconomic game."

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The National Interest vom 12.09.2018

"Russia and China Will Now Hold Military Exercises 'On a Regular Basis'"

Russland und China wollen nach dem aktuellen Vostok-Manöver in Ostsibirien künftig regelmäßig gemeinsame Militärübungen durchführen, berichtet Dave Majumdar. Experten hielten eine strategische Allianz beider Länder nicht länger für völlig ausgeschlossen. "While Russia and China have not always been on the best of terms, especially after Sino-Soviet in the 1960s, Moscow and Beijing have found common ground in recent years even if the relationship remains transactional in many ways. Even American experts on Russia are starting to accept the possibility of a genuine Beijing-Moscow entente directed against the United States. 'I think a strategic partnership is slowly in the offing, but is encumbered by the two sides' self-interest and transactional impulses,' as Center for Naval Analyses analyst Michael Kofman told The National Interest earlier this year. 'As such, the catalyst will be a third actor, namely the United States, and the extent to which those countries perceive a threat from Washington in common.'"

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Guardian vom 12.09.2018

"US considers sanctions on China over treatment of Uighurs"

Die US-Regierung erwägt, China wegen der Masseninternierung von mehr als einer Million Angehörigen der muslimischen Uiguren-Minderheit mit Wirtschaftssanktionen zu belegen. "Any sanctions decision would be a rare move on human rights grounds by the Trump administration against China. The US is currently engaged in a trade war with China, while also seeking its help to resolve a standoff over North Korea’s nuclear weapons. The sanctions could be imposed under the Global Magnitsky Act which allows the US government to freeze the US assets of human rights violators, bar them from traveling to the US, and prohibit Americans from doing business with them."

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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty vom 11.09.2018

"Explainer: Why Does The U.S. Have It Out For The International Criminal Court?"

Ron Synovitz erläutert nach der offenen Drohung des Nationalen Sicherheitsberaters John Bolton gegen den ICC, warum die USA den Internationalen Strafgerichtshof in Den Haag so vehement ablehnen. "During the 1990s, before the ICC was established, negotiators from U.S. President Bill Clinton's administration sought to give the UN Security Council the power to screen ICC cases. Such a safeguard in the Rome Statute would have given the United States and other permanent Security Council members the ability to veto cases they opposed. But other countries refused to agree to those measures. Global Policy Forum, a nongovernmental policy watchdog monitoring the work of the UN, said that is when Washington began 'campaigning to weaken and undermine the ICC.'"

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Asia Times vom 11.09.2018

"White House agrees to second summit with Kim"

Das Weiße Haus hat dem nordkoreanischen Ersuchen um ein zweites Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong-un zugestimmt. "The summit – for which no place or date has yet been set – comes at a critical time. Pyongyang and Washington are currently deeply divided over the former’s denuclearization. While the two agreed on the key issues of improving relations and denuclearizing North Korea during their summit in Singapore in June, their post-summit declaration contained no details or timelines as to how it would be achieved. As a result, the euphoria over the summit quickly evaporated as no mutually agreed-upon denuclearization process has yet begun. While the American side seeks a full list of nuclear assets and facilities, the North Korean side is seeking a peace treaty to replace the armistice that ended the 1950-53 Korean War."

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