US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

4. Militär und bewaffnete Konflikte

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Augen Geradeaus! vom 19.09.2019

"Alternde Gesellschaft, Konkurrenz zur Wirtschaft – und wo sollen die Soldaten herkommen?"

https://augengeradeaus.net/2018/09/alternde-gesellschaft-konkurrenz-zur-wirtschaft-und-wo-sollen-die-sold
aten-herkommen/

Thomas Wiegold rezensiert einen Reuters-Artikel über die japanischen Streitkräfte und zieht einen Vergleich zu den deutschen Streitkräften. "Eine alternde Gesellschaft, in der die Zahl der jungen Frauen und Männer stetig abnimmt. Eine brummende Wirtschaft, die den Arbeitsmarkt leerfegt. Eine pazifistische Grundströmung nach einem verloren Krieg. Eine politisch unsichere außenpolitische Lage. Und Streitkräfte, die in dieser Situation große Probleme haben, ihren Nachwuchs zu finden: Was fast schon wie eine Beschreibung Deutschlands klingen könnte, ist in einem anderen Industrieland praktisch Realität. Die Folgen für die Streitkräfte, oder genauer (noch) die Selbstverteidigungskräfte in Japan, beschreiben Reuters-Kollegen in dieser lesenswerten Geschichte"

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Reuters vom 15.01.2019

"Are China, Russia winning the AI arms race?"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-apps-ai-commentary/commentary-are-china-russia-winning-the-ai-arms-rac
e-idUSKCN1P91NM

Peter Apps schreibt, dass China und Russland im internationalen Wettrüsten bei Waffensystemen mit künstlicher Intelligenz gut im Rennen liegen. "Consultancy PwC estimates that by 2030 artificial intelligence products and systems will contribute up to $15.7 trillion to the global economy, with China and the United States likely the two leading nations. But it is the potential military consequences that have governments most worried, fearful of falling behind – but also nervous that untested technology could bring new dangers. (...) Traditionally, Western democracies – particularly America – have proved more adept than dictatorships at tapping new technology and innovation. On AI, however, Washington’s efforts to build links between Silicon Valley and the military have been far from trouble-free. In June, employees at Google forced the firm to avoid renewing its contract with the Pentagon. Many tech researchers are reluctant to work on defense projects, nervous they will end up building out-of-control robots that kill."

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Asia Times vom 15.01.2019

"Western mercenaries ready for Syria, Russians already there"

http://www.atimes.com/article/western-mercenaries-locked-loaded-and-ready-to-go/

David Isenberg und Andrew Salmon berichten über Spekulationen, denen zufolge einem Rückzug der US-Truppen aus Syrien der verstärkte Einsatz privater Sicherheits- und Militärunternehmen (PMCs) folgen könnte. Allerdings müssten die westlichen Söldner sich in Syrien der Konkurrenz der dort bereits aktiven russischen PMCs stellen. "There is considerable speculation underway as to whether US PMCs – and the man who had led the American sector, Erik Prince of former blue-chip PMC Blackwater – will fill the vacuum created by Trump. However, the sector is in flux. (...) Western PMCs face rising competition from market entrants with a more aggressive and risk-tolerant approach: Russian PMCs. While a war-weary West retreats from the Middle East, Russian mercenaries are benefitting from Moscow’s play in Syria. Unlike the support and security roles that are Western PMCs’ stock-in-trade, the Russians are engaging in direct action. With Moscow’s combat operations in Syria largely restricted to air and special forces missions, PMCs provide a proxy ground force that a casualty-averse Kremlin can keep 'off the books' when it comes to body bags coming home.“

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The Times of Israel vom 14.01.2019

"IDF chief finally acknowledges that Israel supplied weapons to Syrian rebels"

https://www.timesofisrael.com/idf-chief-acknowledges-long-claimed-weapons-supply-to-syrian-rebels/

In einem Interview mit der Sunday Times hat der scheidende Chef der israelischen Streitkräfte Gadi Eisenkot eingeräumt, dass Israel in den vergangenen Jahren Rebellengruppen in Syrien mit Waffenlieferungen unterstützt hat. "Outgoing IDF Chief of Staff Gadi Eisenkot this weekend acknowledged for the first time that Israel had indeed provided weaponry to Syrian rebel groups in the Golan Heights during the country’s seven-year civil war. Until Sunday, Israel would say officially only that it had given humanitarian aid to Syrian opposition groups across the border, while denying or refusing to comment on reports that it had supplied them with arms as well. In an interview in the British Sunday Times, before ending his tenure as chief of staff this week, Eisenkot said that Israel had indeed provided light weapons to the rebel groups along the border, saying it was 'for self-defense.'"

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National Interest vom 12.01.2019

"How to Start a Second Cuban Missile Crisis (In Asia): America Puts Cruise Missiles in Taiwan"

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/how-start-second-cuban-missile-crisis-asia-america-puts-cruise-mis
siles-taiwan-41342

Ein Kollaps des INF-Vertrags könnte in wenigen Jahren dazu führen, dass die USA über neue Atomraketen mit mittlerer Reichweite verfügen, schreibt Robert Farley. Eine Verschlechterung der Beziehungen zu China könnte künftige US-Regierungen verleiten, diese Raketen in Taiwan zu stationieren. Dies könnte schnell zu einer Neuauflage der Kubakrise führen, so Farleys Warnung. "Under almost any conceivable scenario, deploying U.S. GLCMs to Taiwan would be a terrible idea. In the very few scenarios where such a deployment would make sense, the diplomatic relationship between Washington and Beijing will already have decayed to such an extent that war would be virtually inevitable. But just because missiles in Taiwan would mean something awfully bad is about to happen doesn’t mean that it won’t happen. In 1962 the Soviet Union saw fit to deploy nuclear tipped ballistic missiles to Cuba, in the hope that it could escape US scrutiny and re-establish the strategic balance. That effort very nearly led to war, but it is hardly impossible that U.S. and Taiwanese policymakers might think, at some point, along similar lines."

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Al Jazeera English vom 12.01.2019

"Syria’s war: SDF confronts ISIL in last Syrian stronghold"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/syrias-war-sdf-confronts-isil-syrian-stronghold-190112140239888.ht
ml

Vor dem Hintergrund des begonnenen US-Truppenabzugs aus Syrien haben kurdische Einheiten der SDF-Miliz mit amerikanischer Unterstützung ihre Offensive gegen die letzte IS-Hochburg in Hajin verstärkt. "US aerial bombing of the town of Hajin, where the last remnants of ISIL are holed up, has increased and SDF commanders say that they are making progress. Although this is the last of the territory that ISIL had claimed, analysts worry that the ideology that gave birth to the movement remains strong in the region. Many of the 60,000 that once called the Hajin area 'home' have fled to makeshift camps for the internally displaced and may be stuck for the bitter winter; some SDF fighters expect this final offensive could last two to three months."

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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty vom 11.01.2019

"Russia Condemns British Plans To Build Military Bases"

https://www.rferl.org/a/russia-condemns-british-plans-to-build-new-military-bases/29704244.html

Russland hat angesichts der britischen Pläne zur Errichtung neuer Militärstützpunkte in der Karibik und in Südostasien mögliche Gegenmaßnahmen in Aussicht gestellt. "British Defense Minister Gavin Williamson told the Sunday Telegraph in December that Britain could establish the new military bases 'within the next couple of years' after the country leaves the European Union. Williamson said the expansion would be part of a strategy for Britain to become a 'true global player' after Brexit. (...) Speaking on January 11, Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswomen Maria Zakharova said Williamson's comments were baffling and warned that such plans could destabilize world affairs. 'Of course, Britain like any other country is independent when it comes to its military construction plans. But against the backdrop of overall rising military and political tensions in the world ... statements about the desire to build up its military presence in third countries are counterproductive, destabilizing, and possibly of a provocational nature,' she was quoted as saying by TASS. Russia has military bases in several former Soviet countries. It also operates military facilities in Syria and Vietnam."

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The Long War Journal vom 10.01.2019

"Jihadist group consolidates control in northwestern Syria"

https://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2019/01/jihadist-group-consolidates-control-in-northwestern-syria
.php

Die radikalislamische Rebellenfraktion Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) habe ihre Vorherrschaft im Nordwesten Syriens durch Kämpfe gegen rivalisierende Gruppen in den vergangenen Wochen weiter ausgebaut, berichtet Thomas Joscelyn. "The jihadis still have not declared an Islamic state in Idlib, but HTS’s recent moves have extended their control throughout the region, allowing their nascent government to increase its footprint. In a report released last year, the US State Department referred to HTS as an 'al Qaeda-linked' group, saying its 'proselytization sessions' include games for children that are based 'on al Qaeda’s religious beliefs.' While HTS has gained more ground at the expense of other insurgents, significant challenges lie ahead. Namely, Bashar al Assad’s loyalists and their allies have been eyeing Idlib province for a possible invasion for months. Turkey intervened on Idlib’s behalf last year, forging a deal with the Russians that staved off a possible attack. But it is not clear if the Assad-Iran-Russia axis will continue to hold off, or if they will push into Idlib in the coming weeks and months."

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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty vom 09.01.2019

"The Destruction Of Ukraine's Nuclear Arsenal"

https://www.rferl.org/a/the-destruction-of-ukraines-nuclear-arsenal/29699706.html

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty erinnert mit dieser Bildergalerie an die Zerstörung der ukrainischen Atomwaffen vor 25 Jahren. "Twenty-five years ago, Ukraine possessed the world’s third-largest nuclear arsenal. It had inherited 175 long-range missiles and more than 1,800 warheads after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Following two years of talks been the United States, Russia, and Ukraine, U.S. President Bill Clinton announced a breakthrough on January 10, 1994. Ukraine had agreed to remove all nuclear weapons from its soil in exchange for assurances that Russia would respect its sovereignty."

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The National Interest vom 08.01.2019

"Meet 'Dead Hand': This Might Be Russia's Most Terrifying Nuclear Weapons Idea Yet"

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/meet-dead-hand-might-be-russias-most-terrifying-nuclear-weapons-id
ea-yet-40937

In Reaktion auf den INF-Ausstieg der USA haben einige russische Experten Michael Peck zufolge Überlegungen zur Einführung eines atomaren Waffensystems angestellt, das auf einen mutmaßlichen Atomangriff vollautomatisch reagieren würde. Entsprechende Pläne habe es bereits im Kalten Krieg gegeben. "Perhaps the most terrifying was a Cold War doomsday system that would automatically launch missiles — without the need for a human to push the button — during a nuclear attack. But the system, known as 'Perimeter' or 'Dead Hand,' may be back and deadlier than ever. (...) There have been cryptic clues over the years that Perimeter still exists. Which illustrates one of the curiosities of this system, which is that the Soviet Union kept its existence secret from the American enemy whom it was supposed to deter. What is unmistakable is that Perimeter is a fear-based solution. Fear of a U.S. first-strike that would decapitate the Russian leadership before it could give the order to retaliate. Fear that a Russian leader might lose his nerve and not give the order. And if Russia is now discussing Perimeter publicly, that’s reason for the rest of us to worry."

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Asia Times vom 08.01.2019

"New 'global Britain' sets naval sights on Asia"

http://www.atimes.com/article/new-global-britain-sets-naval-sights-on-asia/

Großbritannien will seine globalen sicherheitspolitischen Ambitionen durch die Errichtung eines Marinestützpunkts in Asien, z.B. in Brunei oder in Singapur, untermauern. "If as expected the United Kingdom leaves the European Union later this year, the one-time colonial power will again shift its gaze towards Asia. That was confirmed last week when Defense Secretary Gavin Williamson said that Britain aims to establish a new naval base somewhere in Asia in the coming years. (...) Regardless of where the prospective base is located, or how significant it will be militarily, it is yet another indication that Britain aims to play a much bigger role in Asian affairs than it has for decades. It’s all part of the ruling Conservative party’s axiom to forge a new 'global Britain.' But the move comes at a confusing time, both in Europe and Asia."

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