US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Washington Post


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16.08.2019

"The Kashmir crisis isn’t about territory. It’s about a Hindu victory over Islam."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/the-kashmir-crisis-isnt-about-territory-its-about-a-hindu-victory-
over-islam/2019/08/16/ab84ffe2-bf79-11e9-a5c6-1e74f7ec4a93_story.html

Der indische Autor Kapil Komireddi ist davon überzeugt, dass der Konflikt in Kaschmir vor allem mit der Rivalität zwischen Hindus und Muslimen zu tun hat. Premierminister Modi habe mit seiner Entscheidung, den Sonderstatus für den überwiegend muslimischen Bundesstaat Jammu und Kaschmir aufzuheben, ein klares Signal gesendet. "Modi’s sudden takeover in Kashmir is the fulfillment of a long ideological yearning to make a predominantly Muslim population surrender to his vision of a homogeneous Hindu nation. It is also a way of conveying to the rest of India — a union of dizzyingly diverse states — that no one is exempt from the Hindu-power paradise he wants to build on the subcontinent. Kashmir is both a warning and a template: Any state that deviates from this vision can be brought under Delhi’s thumb in the name of 'unity.' (...) An India that has ceased to be secular will have forever lost its argument for Kashmir. The calm currently imposed on the region conceals a deep rage that is waiting to erupt. The abuse of Kashmir justified by Modi as 'integration' may, if it is not confronted and reversed, be the beginning of the end of India’s unity."

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01.06.2019

"Trump’s reliance on pressure tactics is showing diminishing returns"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/trumps-reliance-on-pressure-tactics-is-showing-diminishing-return
s/2019/05/31/1c5e6144-83bc-11e9-bce7-40b4105f7ca0_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.6975bb21e3b8

US-Präsident Trump setzt in seiner Außenpolitik David Nakamura zufolge generell auf "rohe Gewalt", um die Interessen der USA gegenüber Gegnern wie Verbündeten durchzusetzen. Bisher sei jedoch fraglich, ob diese Strategie auch langfristig erfolgreich sein könne. "Trump campaigned on the theme that the rest of the world was taking advantage of the United States because of weak political leaders who valued multilateral partnerships over the unapologetic pursuit of national self-interest. He pledged that, as president, he would not hesitate to pressure rivals and allies alike to win a better deal for Americans. (...) But on his signature initiatives, Trump’s go-to tactics have faltered and the president has grown increasingly frustrated, prompting him in recent weeks to escalate his threats and punitive actions. (...) 'One of Trump’s major failings is that he only has a hammer,' said Andrea Schneider, a professor of law at Marquette University who focuses on negotiations and has studied Trump’s tactics. 'He has no capacity of looking at the long term and recognizing that the vast majority of our interactions in life are repeat interactions. I joke with my students that if you treat negotiations as a one-shot deal, it will be. No one will ever want to deal with you again.'"

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20.05.2019

"At a Ukrainian aircraft engine factory, China’s military finds a cash-hungry partner"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/at-a-ukrainian-aircraft-engine-factory-chinas-military-finds-
a-cash-hungry-partner/2019/05/20/ceb0a548-6042-11e9-bf24-db4b9fb62aa2_story.html?utm_term=.ed09434489f3

Anton Troianovski berichtet über das große Interesse chinesischer Investoren am Know-How eines ukrainischen Unternehmens zur Herstellung hochmoderner Flugzeugmotoren. "Racing to upgrade its military, China has been turning to Ukraine. And Ukraine — with its economy scrambled by hostilities with Russia — has been willing to accept China’s embrace. 'If they ban us from working with China,' Boguslayev said, 'then the first thing I’ll do is fire 10,000 people.' Motor Sich, dubbed the 'Czar of Engines' in the Chinese media, has what Beijing wants: It can supply warplane engines and the know-how to one day possibly make a Chinese-built version. The Chinese, in turn, have what Motor Sich wants: reliable buyers. The company lost its biggest market — supplying engines for military helicopters and other aircraft in Russia — after war broke out in eastern Ukraine in 2014. Now it sells mainly to China."

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20.05.2019

"He played Ukraine’s president on TV. Now he has taken office as the real one."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/he-once-played-ukraines-president-on-tv-now-he-just-took-offi
ce-as-the-real-one/2019/05/20/594c6322-77e5-11e9-a7bf-c8a43b84ee31_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.a92
09c044673

David L. Stern und Anton Troianovski berichten über die Amtseinführung des neuen ukrainischen Präsidenten Volodymyr Zelenskiy in Kiew. "Many members of the country’s political and economic elite (...) are poised to test the depth of public support for Zelensky as parliamentary elections loom. And his own commitment to the anti-corruption agenda he espoused as a candidate remains to be seen. More broadly, Zelensky, an entertainer who has never held elected office, faces the daunting task of navigating both European geopolitics and U.S. domestic politics. Zelensky, who won with close to 75 percent of the vote over incumbent Petro Poroshenko, took the oath of office during a ceremony in parliament, in front of an audience that included U.S. Energy Secretary Rick Perry. (...) Zelensky said ending the war in eastern Ukraine was his top priority, but he insisted that he would not give up any territory to do so. He said that he was ready 'for dialogue' — presumably with Russia — but that Moscow needed to return imprisoned Ukrainians."

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25.04.2019

"Trump orders staff to prepare arms-control push with Russia and China"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/trump-orders-staff-to-prepare-arms-control-push-wi
th-russia-and-china/2019/04/25/c7f05e04-6076-11e9-9412-daf3d2e67c6d_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.15
01bb0154cf

Könnte der aller Voraussicht nach im August auslaufende INF-Vertrag bald durch ein neues internationales Rüstungskontrollabkommen ersetzt werden? Die Washington Post berichtet, dass US-Präsident Trump vor den Kosten eines neuen Wettrüstens zurückschrecke und seine Regierung beauftragt habe, die Möglichkeiten einer entsprechenden Vereinbarung mit Russland und China auszuloten. "The aim of the nascent effort, a senior administration official said, is to bring Russian nuclear weapons unregulated by treaties under new limits and persuade China to join an arms-control pact limiting or verifying its capabilities for the first time. The initiative is still in its earliest stages, with officials preparing options for how to implement Trump’s order. It is unclear whether it will yield results in an administration that has locked horns with Moscow and Beijing and has less than two years left in its first term. (...) A trilateral nuclear arms-control agreement among the United States, Russia and China would be a watershed diplomatic achievement; separate treaties alone would be significant. But normally, such pacts require years of negotiation and diplomatic outreach, a challenge for an administration that has withdrawn the United States from arms-control treaties but has not brokered any new ones."

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24.04.2019

"The Sri Lankan attackers were ‘well-educated.’ Suicide bombers tend to be, experts say."

http://https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/04/24/sri-lankan-attackers-were-well-educated-suicide-bo
mbers-tend-be-experts-say/?utm_term=.5858555799c5

Die von den Sicherheitsbehörden identifizierten neun Selbstmordattentäter von Sri Lanka hätten der Mittel- und Oberschicht des Landes angehört und seien gut ausgebildet gewesen, schreibt Siobhán O'Grady. Für Terrorismusexperten sei dies keine Überraschung: "In large-scale studies of terrorist perpetrators, suicide bombers often come across as 'awfully normal,' said Robert Pape, a political science professor at the University of Chicago who researches extremism. 'Your average suicide attacker is typically above-average-educated compared to the local society.' Joana Cook, a senior research fellow at the International Center for the Study of Radicalization, said that it’s a common misconception 'to view poverty as a sole factor or motivator for political violence.' While poverty can certainly be a factor in certain extremist contexts, 'terrorism is by definition political violence, and there are multiple motivations for becoming involved,' she said."

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23.04.2019

"Saudi Arabia puts to death 37 people in largest mass execution in past three years"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/saudi-arabia-puts-to-death-37-people-in-largest-mass-execution-in-pa
st-three-years/2019/04/23/43a063e0-65d7-11e9-a698-2a8f808c9cfb_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.47ff9f2
df0d1

In Saudi-Arabien sind in einer Massenhinrichtung 37 angebliche Terroristen exekutiert worden. "It was the largest mass execution in Saudi Arabia since early 2016, when 47 people were put to death, also on terror-related charges. The vast majority of those executed on Tuesday were members of Saudi Arabia’s Shiite Muslim minority, according to Shiite activists. Those put to death included at least three people who were minors at the time of their alleged crimes and confessed to prosecutors’ charges under torture, according to Reprieve [a human rights group], which said it provided assistance to five of the people executed. Saudi Arabia generally beheads prisoners condemned to death, in ceremonies performed by executioners using a sword — a punishment in line with the kingdom’s strict interpretation of Islamic law."

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21.04.2019

"After years of repression, Ethiopia’s media is free — and fanning the flames of ethnic tension"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/after-years-of-repression-ethiopias-media-is-free--and-fannin
g-the-flames-of-ethnic-tension/2019/04/20/c4573f5a-5a4b-11e9-98d4-844088d135f2_story.html?noredirect=on&u
tm_term=.0071094e7cda

Die politische Öffnung in Äthiopien habe auch den Medien des Landes neuen Freiraum verschafft, berichtet Paul Schemm. Aktivisten wie Eskinder Nega nutzten dies, um ihren Forderungen Gehör zu verschaffen. Die neue Polarisierung verschärfe allerdings auch die ethnischen Spannungen. "His new weekly Ethiopis takes a strident tone, especially against the city administration and activists from Ethiopia’s Oromo ethnic group, newly empowered by their fellow Oromo, Abiy. He sees his paper and his activism as part of his long struggle for democracy. Others see it as a danger to Ethiopia’s delicate political state and as part of a wave of news outlets that are taking sides and worsening tensions in the country’s many conflicts. (...) Ethiopia has been a rare bright spot of increased rights and democracy on a continent more known for leaders overstaying their mandates. Its progress in media freedom — there are no longer any imprisoned journalists — has been so dramatic that it was chosen to host World Press Freedom Day next month. The changes have also prompted conflicts and unearthed long-buried grievances, often revolving around land and ethnicity. To many, a newly polarized press is making things worse."

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14.04.2019

"Washington has backed away from the Balkans. An E.U. commissioner says it’s not a problem."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/04/14/washington-has-backed-away-balkans-an-eu-commissioner-say
s-its-not-problem/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.902fc7b57f63

Die USA haben ihre politische Präsenz auf dem Balkan in den letzten Jahren spürbar reduziert. Einige Experten fürchten, dass dieser Rückzug zu einer Destabilisierung der Region führen könnte. Der österreichische EU-Kommissar Johannes Hahn hat die Entwicklung gegenüber der Washington Post dagegen als stille Rückkehr zur Normalität charakterisiert. "In the wars of the 1990s and their aftermath, Washington was in the driver’s seat in the region, not Brussels. Today, Hahn said, the reverse is true. The United States is very supportive of the European Union on and in the region, he said, adding, 'I think that they are quite happy that we are nowadays in the lead in the region.' (...) 'It’s a kind of silent return to normality,' he said, noting that 75 percent of trade from and to the region comes from E.U. member states. 'What is now — so to say — daily routine, that we are taking care about the situation, in a way is simply a reaction to the situation on the ground,' he said, explaining that the United States has 'hardly any' business interests in the region."

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25.03.2019

"Pompeo warns Russia about its military presence in Venezuela"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/pompeo-warns-russia-about-its-military-presence-in
-venezuela/2019/03/25/ff0a6f88-4f14-11e9-8d28-f5149e5a2fda_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.d894bda3e06
f

Russische Medien haben bestätigt, dass die beiden am Samstag in Venezuela gelandeten russischen Militärflugzeuge hundert russische Soldaten transportiert haben. US-Außenminister Pompeo hat seinen russischen Amtskollegen Lawrow in einem Telefongespräch eine amerikanische Reaktion in Aussicht gestellt. "Secretary of State Mike Pompeo told his Russian counterpart Monday that the United States 'will not stand idly by' if Russia continues to send military personnel to Venezuela to prop up President Nicolás Maduro, the State Department said. Pompeo’s telephone call with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov followed weekend reports that at least two Russian air force planes carrying a senior defense official and about 100 troops landed at Venezuela’s main airport Saturday. (...) The Russian statement did not comment directly on reports of the military landings, but said Lavrov 'emphasized that Washington’s attempts to organize a coup d’etat in Venezuela and threats against its lawful government constitute a violation of the U.N. Charter and open interference in the domestic affairs of a sovereign state.'"

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11.03.2019

"Venezuela’s crisis starts to look like a stalemate"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/03/11/venezuelas-crisis-starts-look-like-stalemate/?utm_term=.f
586a9f18ee4

Einige Experten beurteilen die Lage in Venezuela zunehmend als "Patt-Situation", berichtet Ishaan Tharoor. "Observers now warn of the stalemate in Venezuela evolving into what’s been seen in other authoritarian contexts — where despite economic isolation and dysfunction, a regime buttressed by a military vanguard clings to power and demoralizes the opposition. 'What happens if you don’t break that military structure and the country continues to deteriorate? You have the terrible scenario of a Cuba or an Iran or a Syria or a Zimbabwe,' Luis Vicente León, head of the Datanalisis polling firm in Caracas, told The Post."

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03.03.2019

"No respite for Kashmir, even as tensions between India and Pakistan decrease"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/no-respite-for-kashmir-even-as-tensions-between-india-a
nd-pakistan-decrease/2019/03/03/f7772942-3dc0-11e9-85ad-779ef05fd9d8_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.a
a6c5be642c5

Das feindselige Verhältnis zwischen Indien und Pakistan habe sich seit der Rückführung eines gefangenen indischen Kampfpiloten wieder etwas entspannt, berichten Joanna Slater und Ishfaq Naseem. In Kaschmir selbst sei davon allerdings nur wenig zu spüren. "'When you can’t go to war, you have to vent your anger somewhere,' said Happymon Jacob, the author of a recent book on clashes between India and Pakistan in Kashmir. Both countries use the Line of Control as a 'venting mechanism.' The result is a deadly, low-grade conflict that persists even when there are not heightened tensions between the two nations — so much so that some experts have dubbed it 'a war by other means.' In 2018, 50 people were killed on India’s side of the line by cross-border firing, while 36 civilians were killed on the Pakistani side. Soldiers and civilians are killed in such incidents."

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27.02.2019

"Looming behind the India-Pakistan tensions: Two growing nuclear arsenals"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/02/27/looming-behind-india-pakistan-tensions-two-growing-nuclea
r-arsenals/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.9c26e711cde7

Ein begrenzter Krieg zwischen den Atommächten Indien und Pakistan erscheint nach Ansicht von Niha Masih nicht mehr undenkbar. Die Reaktionen von Regierungsvertretern beider Länder zeigten allerdings, dass sie sich des Risikos bewusst seien. "For security experts, the current clash between India and Pakistan is fascinating, if alarming. 'This is like reality is playing out and testing deterrence theory,' said C. Uday Bhaskar, director of the Society for Policy Studies and a security expert in New Delhi. Dalton expressed concern that domestic political considerations may tempt leaders to escalate the crisis. 'The probability may be 1 percent, but the consequences are so terrible,' he said."

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26.02.2019

"The India-Pakistan relationship is facing the most serious escalation in decades. Here’s how it got to this point."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/02/21/trump-says-it-would-be-wonderful-if-india-pakistan-got-al
ong-heres-why-they-dont/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.ae6826e21664

Nach dem indischen Luftangriff in Pakistan und dem Abschuss von zwei indischen Kampfflugzeugen sind die Beziehungen der beiden Atommächte auf einem Tiefpunkt angelangt. Joanna Slater und Pamela Constable erläutern den chronologischen Hergang der "gefährlichsten Eskalation" seit Jahrzehnten. "The nuclear-armed neighbors have a long history of animosity. The main, ongoing source of conflict is Kashmir, a Himalayan border region whose status has been contested ever since India gained independence and Pakistan was created in the partition of British India. Since then, the two countries have fought three brief wars — in 1947, 1965 and 1971 — as well as a smaller conflict in 1999. Over the past two decades, there also have been numerous attempts at rapprochement: At one point, secret talks reportedly neared a final resolution on Kashmir. Now, with the Feb. 14 attack and India’s retaliatory strike, tensions are once again on the rise. For India, the Kashmir attack is part of a longer pattern in which Pakistan’s intelligence services have fostered and guided militant groups that carry out deadly attacks throughout India. Pakistan, meanwhile, views its far larger neighbor as an occupying power in Kashmir that also seeks to undermine Pakistan’s stability."

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19.02.2019

"Germany’s ban on arms exports to Saudi Arabia after Khashoggi’s killing is having a bigger impact than expected"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/02/19/germanys-ban-arms-exports-saudi-arabia-after-khashoggis-k
illing-is-having-bigger-impact-than-expected/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.4e0c5f1d2177

Die Entscheidung der Bundesregierung, Waffenexporte nach Saudi-Arabien nach dem Mord am Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi zeitweise einzustellen, hat Rick Noack zufolge weitreichendere Folgen als zunächst erwartet. "Concerns in Britain and France are mounting that the German ban could have a severe impact on arms equipment exports to Saudi Arabia from other European nations. Representatives of BAE Systems, Britain’s key weapons company, have acknowledged concerns about their future access to crucial parts of Eurofighter Typhoon planes, which are partly produced in Germany. The exports ban has also affected air-to-air missiles for those jets, produced by a joint venture that is partly owned by European aerospace company Airbus, of which Germany is a shareholder. When the Merkel government banned sales to the kingdom last year, it not only barred fully assembled products such as ships, but also high-tech components used by companies across Europe. Germany may have recently reduced its overall arms exports, but it remains a European hub for such high-tech components. The supply chain disruptions triggered a scathing response from Airbus chief executive Thomas Enders, who told Reuters last week: 'It has been driving us crazy at Airbus for years that when there is even just a tiny German part involved in, for example, helicopters, the German side gives itself the right to, for example, block the sale of a French helicopter.'"

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14.02.2019

"'Everyone was leaving, and we were trying to get back in': A photographer remembers the end of the Soviet Afghan War"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/in-sight/wp/2019/02/14/everyone-was-leaving-and-we-were-trying-to-get
-back-in-a-photographer-remembers-the-end-soviet-afghan-war/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.d58a6147bd77

Amie Ferris-Rotman und Chloe Coleman erinnern mit dieser Reportage an den Abzug der sowjetischen Truppen aus Afghanistan vor dreißig Jahren. Dabei greifen sie auf die Erinnerungen und zahlreiche Bilder des Fotografen Viktor Khabarov zurück, der die damaligen Ereignisse als sowjetischer Major begleitete. "During Russia’s nine-year war in Afghanistan, at least 1 million Afghans and 15,000 Soviet soldiers died. Afghanistan was devastated, its agriculture was ravaged, and one-third of its people fled and became refugees. The Soviet invasion is widely seen as the beginning of what Afghans now call their 'forty-year war.' Soviet citizens at the time were bewildered and privately furious about the officially imposed silence and mounting casualty toll — all while the state was collapsing. Viktor Khabarov, now 67, was then a major in the Soviet military, working among the troops as a photographer. While the Kremlin made lofty decisions about the conflict from Moscow, he saw it close up, on the ground. From 1986 to 1989, he hopped in and out of Afghanistan on assignment for Red Star, the Soviet (and now Russian) military newspaper."

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10.02.2019

"After years of silence, Turkey rebukes China for mass detention of Muslim Uighurs"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/after-years-of-silence-turkey-rebukes-china-for-mass-detention-of-mu
slim-uighurs/2019/02/10/011c7dd6-2d44-11e9-ac6c-14eea99d5e24_story.html?utm_term=.7836a0ecc6f5

Die Masseninhaftierung von muslimischen Uiguren in China hat in arabischen Ländern bisher kaum Proteste ausgelöst. Die Türkei hat China nun zum ersten Mal öffentlichkeitswirksam aufgefordert, die umstrittenen Umerziehungslager zu schließen. "The Turkish government has called on China to close its indoctrination centers holding ethnic Uighurs, marking a rare instance of a major Muslim country joining a mounting international chorus condemning the detention of up to 1 million Muslims in the far western region of Xinjiang. The statement marks a turnaround for Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s ruling party, which has been notably silent about China’s treatment of Uighurs despite growing inter­national media coverage and pressure from Turkish opposition parties since 2017. (...) China’s embassy in Ankara responded to the statement with fury, saying its internment program was designed to curb extremism and terrorism, threats that Turkey shares with China. It rejected Turkey’s remarks as 'completely against the truth.'"

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27.01.2019

"The once vast ISIS 'caliphate' is now reduced to a pair of villages in Syria"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the-once-vast-isis-caliphate-is-now-reduced-to-a-pair-of-villages-in
-syria/2019/01/25/39cbd85c-2015-11e9-a759-2b8541bbbe20_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.cb5ecac0a8ea

Liz Sly berichtet über die offenbar bevorstehende Zerschlagung der letzten Reste des einstigen "Kalifats" des "Islamischen Staates" in Syrien. "It is now only a matter of weeks or even days before the villages are overrun and the Islamic State’s vaunted state-building enterprise in Syria and Iraq is brought to an end, military officials say. The conclusion of the four-and-a-half-year war will add urgency to the question of when and how the United States will pull its forces out of Syria, as ordered by President Trump last month. (...) The eventual fate of the entire swath of eastern Syria now under U.S. military control as a result of the Islamic State war has yet to be decided. Trump’s sudden announcement that the troops would be withdrawn set off an international scramble to figure out what to do with the territory, amounting to almost a third of Syria."

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22.01.2019

"Around the globe, Trump’s style is inspiring imitators and unleashing dark impulses"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/around-the-globe-trumps-style-is-inspiring-imitators-and-unle
ashing-dark-impulses/2019/01/22/ebd15952-1366-11e9-ab79-30cd4f7926f2_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.b
1401508cc0f

Auch in anderen Ländern werde der Stil des US-Präsidenten von Regierungschefs zunehmend imitiert, stellt die Washington Post fest. "In countries around the globe — from Brazil to the Philippines, and in many less prominent ­places in between — a generation of leaders who resemble President Trump in both style and substance is rising, consolidating power and growing bolder in its willingness to flout democratic principles and norms. The strongman style of leadership is not new, of course, and it is not always obvious who is inspiring whom. (...) But in interviews on four continents, diplomats, rights activists and foreign officials said that after two years of Trump using the world’s most powerful megaphone to cheer authoritarians, bully democratic allies and denigrate traditional American values, the impact on how others govern is becoming clear."

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08.01.2019

"The Trump administration downgraded the E.U. ambassador — and didn’t tell him"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/the-trump-administration-downgraded-the-eu-ambassador--and-di
dnt-tell-him/2019/01/08/94aa81e4-1357-11e9-ab79-30cd4f7926f2_story.html?utm_term=.8185027efc2b

Die US-Regierung hat den diplomatischen Status der EU-Vertretung in Washington herabgesetzt, ohne Brüssel vorab zu informieren. "The State Department’s office of protocol downgraded the European Union in its order of precedence, E.U. officials said Tuesday. That relates to where diplomats are seated at dinners, when they are invited to receptions and in what order they are called to pay respects at state funerals, such as that of former president George H.W. Bush last month. No longer will the European Union be as exalted as equivalent to a country. Instead it will be back alongside the African Union, after the rest of the national ambassadors. (...) Some European diplomats said they didn’t rank it as particularly important, especially given the long list of substantive disagreements between the two sides. An E.U. official said they would try to move onward without further fuss. But some analysts were quick to add it to the list of slights from the Trump administration. Even if the protocol change was purely symbolic, they said it showed that there are few arenas of relations left untouched by Trump’s disdain for the European Union."

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06.01.2019

"Contradicting Trump, Bolton says no withdrawal from Syria until ISIS destroyed, Kurds’ safety guaranteed"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/bolton-promises-no-troop-withdrawal-from-syria-unt
il-isis-contained-kurds-safety-guaranteed/2019/01/06/ee219bba-11c5-11e9-b6ad-9cfd62dbb0a8_story.html?utm_
term=.bbf55b5ff7e5

Der Nationale Sicherheitsberater John Bolton hat US-Präsident Trump Karen DeYoung und Karoun Demirjian zufolge implizit widersprochen und einen Abzug der US-Truppen aus Syrien praktisch in weite Ferne gerückt. "White House national security adviser John Bolton on Sunday outlined conditions for a U.S. troop departure from Syria that appeared to contradict President Trump’s insistence less than a month ago that the withdrawal would be immediate and without conditions. Speaking during a visit to Israel, Bolton said that certain 'objectives' must be achieved before a pullout could take place. 'The timetable flows from the policy decisions that we need to implement.' (...) Asked Sunday on CBS’s 'Face the Nation' whether Bolton’s comments were an admission that Trump had 'made a mistake,' Sen. Lindsey O. Graham (R-S.C.) said, 'I think this is the reality setting in that you got to plan this out ... He has a goal of reducing our presence. I share that goal. Let’s just do it smartly.'"

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10.12.2018

"'Immediate responses' are needed to save lives in Yemen, U.N. and aid groups say"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/immediate-responses-needed-to-save-lives-in-yemen-
un-says/2018/12/10/32e18dd2-fcb3-11e8-83c0-b06139e540e5_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.f839baa61baa

Die UNO und internationale Hilfsorganisationen haben ihre Warnungen vor einer humanitären Katastrophe in Jemen erneut bekräftigt. "In a new analysis, a consortium of U.N. agencies, aid groups and experts said that a total of 16 million people, or more than half the population, was now considered 'food insecure,' even when factoring in the substantial food aid being provided across Yemen. Of those, 11 million were categorized as bring in phase 3 of a five-stage scale for hunger. Another 5 million were considered to be in phase 4, an 'emergency' situation, while about 65,000 were in 'catastrophe' conditions or phase 5, according to the report from the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), which assesses food crises worldwide."

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19.11.2018

"Trump administration prepares to add Venezuela to list of state sponsors of terrorism"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/trump-administration-prepares-to-add-venezuela-to-
list-of-state-sponsors-of-terrorism/2018/11/19/1ba65b74-ec01-11e8-baac-2a674e91502b_story.html??noredirec
t=on

Die US-Regierung erwägt offenbar, Venezuela auf die Liste internationaler Terror-Unterstützer zu setzen. John Hudson und Lena H. Sun zufolge wäre dies eine "dramatische Eskalation" der ohnehin angespannten Beziehungen zur sozialistischen Maduro-Regierung. "The list is reserved for governments accused of repeatedly providing 'support for acts of international terrorism' and includes only Iran, North Korea, Sudan and Syria. Republican lawmakers led by Sen. Marco Rubio (Fla.) have pushed for the designation, citing Venezuela’s alleged ties to Lebanese Hezbollah, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, and other groups. Republicans have long accused Venezuela of having ties to terrorist organizations. But experts have played down the threat and strength of those connections. They warn that a designation that does not offer concrete evidence could weaken the legitimacy of the U.S. list, which critics say already is applied inconsistently. (...) The move could limit U.S. assistance to Venezuela and prohibit financial transactions as the country reels from hyperinflation and extreme food and medicine shortages that have sent millions fleeing to neighboring countries. Many Venezuelans blame Maduro for rampant corruption across the government and mishandling of the economy."

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17.11.2018

"Trump administration denies reaching conclusion on Khashoggi"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/us-official-us-intel-says-prince-ordered-khashoggi
-killing/2018/11/16/f5c04e88-ea07-11e8-8449-1ff263609a31_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.452b8ae37f3e

Präsident Trump und das Außenministerium haben betont, dass die Einschätzung der CIA zum Hergang der Ermordung des saudi-arabischen Journalisten Khashoggi nicht als offizielle Position der US-Regierung angesehen werden sollte. "Trump told reporters before he left the White House for California that, when it came to the crown prince, 'as of this moment we were told that he did not play a role. We’re going to have to find out what they have to say.' In his remarks, the president spoke of Saudi Arabia as 'a truly spectacular ally in terms of jobs and economic development.' 'I have to take a lot of things into consideration' when deciding what measures to take against the kingdom, he said. The State Department statement noted the administration’s recent actions against a number of Saudis, but also cited the need to maintain 'the important strategic relationship' between the two allies."

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12.11.2018

"Macron’s pyrrhic victory over Trump"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2018/11/13/macrons-pyrrhic-victory-over-trump/?utm_term=.cf6518ab50f
e

Ishaan Tharoor schreibt, dass der Anspruch des französischen Präsidenten auf eine globale Führungsrolle bereits jetzt durch die politischen Realitäten in Frankreich und Europa in Frage gestellt werde. "Macron’s approval ratings slumped to record lows in recent months. A poll last week placed Macron’s centrist ruling party behind the French far-right ahead of next year’s elections for the European Parliament. (...) 'Europeans are too deeply divided among themselves — and on the fundamentals,' Dominique Moïsi, a foreign policy analyst at the Institut Montaigne in Paris and former Macron campaign adviser, told my colleague James McAuley. 'He’s weakened by the fact that he’s orphaned by Merkel and he’s weakened inside by the spectacular fall of his popularity.' These divides — and his own domestic travails — hobble Macron’s attempts at global leadership, analysts suggest."

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05.11.2018

"A year after the Ritz-Carlton roundup, Saudi elites remain jailed by the crown prince"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/a-year-after-the-ritz-carlton-roundup-saudi-elites-remain-jailed-by-
the-crown-prince/2018/11/05/32077a5c-e066-11e8-b759-3d88a5ce9e19_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.a49cc
285520e

Viele politische Rivalen des saudi-arabischen Kronprinzen Mohammed bin Salman sind ein Jahr nach ihrer Verhaftung offenbar immer noch in einem Luxushotel interniert, berichten Kevin Sullivan und Kareem Fahim. "Early this year, the Saudi attorney general said 56 men remained locked up, some the subject of criminal investigations, with more than $106 billion in cash, real estate, businesses, securities and other assets recovered in the Ritz operation. Mohammed said in an interview last month with Bloomberg News that only eight men were still being detained. He offered no other details except to say, 'They’re with their lawyers and facing the system that we have in Saudi Arabia.' But other people familiar with the detentions said the number is much higher, with 45 Ritz detainees still locked up. (...) Human rights activists and other analysts said Mohammed may be preparing to release more of the detainees to help cool the international furor over the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi on Oct. 2."

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24.10.2018

"Arab states fear Khashoggi case could trigger regional instability"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/arab-states-fear-khashoggi-case-could-trigger-regi
onal-instability/2018/10/23/b2ef2e2e-d6ea-11e8-a10f-b51546b10756_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.36809
4702a88

Karen DeYoung und Souad Mekhennet zufolge fürchtet die arabische Welt die sicherheitspolitischen Folgen des Khashoggi-Skandals in der Region. "(...) what worries the Arabs most, regional officials and experts say, is what they see as the danger to their own stability and security should Saudi Arabia’s status — and its close ties with the United States — be seriously undermined. 'The situation is a dilemma for the region because of the uncertainty of how it will affect the relationship with the U.S. long-term,' said a senior official from a Persian Gulf country, one of several who spoke on the condition of anonymity about the sensitive issue. (...) If the administration decides — or is pressured by Congress and public opinion — to seriously step back from its alliance with Riyadh, 'our security is at risk,' the gulf official said. 'Iran might see another opportunity to destabilize.'"

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15.10.2018

"How a right-wing terrorist anticipated the ultranationalist wave"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2018/10/15/how-right-wing-terrorist-anticipated-ultra-nationalist-wa
ve/?utm_term=.5258b9ad7a12

Sieben Jahre nach dem Terroranschlag von Oslo und auf der Insel Utøya in Norwegen erscheine der Massenmörder Anders Behring Breivik nicht länger als ideologisch isolierter Täter, schreibt Ishaan Tharoor anlässlich der Veröffentlichung des neuen Films "22 July" des Regisseurs Paul Greengrass. "Across Scandinavia, Europe and even the United States, far-right, anti-immigrant politics are ascendant. Speaking to Today’s WorldView, Greengrass said Breivik’s 'intellectual worldview has migrated' closer to the political center. 'We can test the extent we should be disturbed by the extent to which you can see Breivik’s manifesto come into the mainstream,' Greengrass said in an interview last week while visiting Washington. With President Trump and others railing against 'globalists,' immigrants and liberals, the suggestion is that we should be very disturbed, indeed."

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13.10.2018

"After journalist vanishes, focus shifts to young prince’s 'dark' and bullying side"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/the-dashing-prince-with-a-dark-and-bullying-side/2
018/10/13/61f64ea0-ce41-11e8-a360-85875bac0b1f_story.html?utm_term=.db71d4fa144a

Hat Kronprinz Mohammed bin Salman die Ermordung des Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi in Istanbul angeordnet? Karen DeYoung und Kareem Fahim berichten, dass Kenner des saudi-arabischen Thronfolgers geschockt, aber nicht überrascht wären, wenn sich diese Anschuldigung als wahr herausstellen würde. "They describe a dark and bullying side of a young man in a hurry, one who has absolute power and does not tolerate dissent. (...) Mohammed and people who know him assert that his Western admirers have always misunderstood his intentions, projecting their own hopes for the transformation of Saudi Arabia onto a prince who is the antithesis of the cautious, elderly leadership that has ruled the kingdom for decades, and seemed brash enough to push through his modernization plans. (...) If Khashoggi’s disappearance shocked Westerners, they were simply not paying close attention to events in the kingdom, and the lengths to which the crown prince has been willing to go to quash dissent, say seasoned Saudi human rights advocates."

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