US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Washington Post


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"Venezuela’s crisis starts to look like a stalemate"

Einige Experten beurteilen die Lage in Venezuela zunehmend als "Patt-Situation", berichtet Ishaan Tharoor. "Observers now warn of the stalemate in Venezuela evolving into what’s been seen in other authoritarian contexts — where despite economic isolation and dysfunction, a regime buttressed by a military vanguard clings to power and demoralizes the opposition. 'What happens if you don’t break that military structure and the country continues to deteriorate? You have the terrible scenario of a Cuba or an Iran or a Syria or a Zimbabwe,' Luis Vicente León, head of the Datanalisis polling firm in Caracas, told The Post."

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"No respite for Kashmir, even as tensions between India and Pakistan decrease"

Das feindselige Verhältnis zwischen Indien und Pakistan habe sich seit der Rückführung eines gefangenen indischen Kampfpiloten wieder etwas entspannt, berichten Joanna Slater und Ishfaq Naseem. In Kaschmir selbst sei davon allerdings nur wenig zu spüren. "'When you can’t go to war, you have to vent your anger somewhere,' said Happymon Jacob, the author of a recent book on clashes between India and Pakistan in Kashmir. Both countries use the Line of Control as a 'venting mechanism.' The result is a deadly, low-grade conflict that persists even when there are not heightened tensions between the two nations — so much so that some experts have dubbed it 'a war by other means.' In 2018, 50 people were killed on India’s side of the line by cross-border firing, while 36 civilians were killed on the Pakistani side. Soldiers and civilians are killed in such incidents."

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"Looming behind the India-Pakistan tensions: Two growing nuclear arsenals"

Ein begrenzter Krieg zwischen den Atommächten Indien und Pakistan erscheint nach Ansicht von Niha Masih nicht mehr undenkbar. Die Reaktionen von Regierungsvertretern beider Länder zeigten allerdings, dass sie sich des Risikos bewusst seien. "For security experts, the current clash between India and Pakistan is fascinating, if alarming. 'This is like reality is playing out and testing deterrence theory,' said C. Uday Bhaskar, director of the Society for Policy Studies and a security expert in New Delhi. Dalton expressed concern that domestic political considerations may tempt leaders to escalate the crisis. 'The probability may be 1 percent, but the consequences are so terrible,' he said."

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"The India-Pakistan relationship is facing the most serious escalation in decades. Here’s how it got to this point."

Nach dem indischen Luftangriff in Pakistan und dem Abschuss von zwei indischen Kampfflugzeugen sind die Beziehungen der beiden Atommächte auf einem Tiefpunkt angelangt. Joanna Slater und Pamela Constable erläutern den chronologischen Hergang der "gefährlichsten Eskalation" seit Jahrzehnten. "The nuclear-armed neighbors have a long history of animosity. The main, ongoing source of conflict is Kashmir, a Himalayan border region whose status has been contested ever since India gained independence and Pakistan was created in the partition of British India. Since then, the two countries have fought three brief wars — in 1947, 1965 and 1971 — as well as a smaller conflict in 1999. Over the past two decades, there also have been numerous attempts at rapprochement: At one point, secret talks reportedly neared a final resolution on Kashmir. Now, with the Feb. 14 attack and India’s retaliatory strike, tensions are once again on the rise. For India, the Kashmir attack is part of a longer pattern in which Pakistan’s intelligence services have fostered and guided militant groups that carry out deadly attacks throughout India. Pakistan, meanwhile, views its far larger neighbor as an occupying power in Kashmir that also seeks to undermine Pakistan’s stability."

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"Germany’s ban on arms exports to Saudi Arabia after Khashoggi’s killing is having a bigger impact than expected"

Die Entscheidung der Bundesregierung, Waffenexporte nach Saudi-Arabien nach dem Mord am Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi zeitweise einzustellen, hat Rick Noack zufolge weitreichendere Folgen als zunächst erwartet. "Concerns in Britain and France are mounting that the German ban could have a severe impact on arms equipment exports to Saudi Arabia from other European nations. Representatives of BAE Systems, Britain’s key weapons company, have acknowledged concerns about their future access to crucial parts of Eurofighter Typhoon planes, which are partly produced in Germany. The exports ban has also affected air-to-air missiles for those jets, produced by a joint venture that is partly owned by European aerospace company Airbus, of which Germany is a shareholder. When the Merkel government banned sales to the kingdom last year, it not only barred fully assembled products such as ships, but also high-tech components used by companies across Europe. Germany may have recently reduced its overall arms exports, but it remains a European hub for such high-tech components. The supply chain disruptions triggered a scathing response from Airbus chief executive Thomas Enders, who told Reuters last week: 'It has been driving us crazy at Airbus for years that when there is even just a tiny German part involved in, for example, helicopters, the German side gives itself the right to, for example, block the sale of a French helicopter.'"

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"'Everyone was leaving, and we were trying to get back in': A photographer remembers the end of the Soviet Afghan War"

Amie Ferris-Rotman und Chloe Coleman erinnern mit dieser Reportage an den Abzug der sowjetischen Truppen aus Afghanistan vor dreißig Jahren. Dabei greifen sie auf die Erinnerungen und zahlreiche Bilder des Fotografen Viktor Khabarov zurück, der die damaligen Ereignisse als sowjetischer Major begleitete. "During Russia’s nine-year war in Afghanistan, at least 1 million Afghans and 15,000 Soviet soldiers died. Afghanistan was devastated, its agriculture was ravaged, and one-third of its people fled and became refugees. The Soviet invasion is widely seen as the beginning of what Afghans now call their 'forty-year war.' Soviet citizens at the time were bewildered and privately furious about the officially imposed silence and mounting casualty toll — all while the state was collapsing. Viktor Khabarov, now 67, was then a major in the Soviet military, working among the troops as a photographer. While the Kremlin made lofty decisions about the conflict from Moscow, he saw it close up, on the ground. From 1986 to 1989, he hopped in and out of Afghanistan on assignment for Red Star, the Soviet (and now Russian) military newspaper."

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"After years of silence, Turkey rebukes China for mass detention of Muslim Uighurs"

Die Masseninhaftierung von muslimischen Uiguren in China hat in arabischen Ländern bisher kaum Proteste ausgelöst. Die Türkei hat China nun zum ersten Mal öffentlichkeitswirksam aufgefordert, die umstrittenen Umerziehungslager zu schließen. "The Turkish government has called on China to close its indoctrination centers holding ethnic Uighurs, marking a rare instance of a major Muslim country joining a mounting international chorus condemning the detention of up to 1 million Muslims in the far western region of Xinjiang. The statement marks a turnaround for Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s ruling party, which has been notably silent about China’s treatment of Uighurs despite growing inter­national media coverage and pressure from Turkish opposition parties since 2017. (...) China’s embassy in Ankara responded to the statement with fury, saying its internment program was designed to curb extremism and terrorism, threats that Turkey shares with China. It rejected Turkey’s remarks as 'completely against the truth.'"

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"The once vast ISIS 'caliphate' is now reduced to a pair of villages in Syria"

Liz Sly berichtet über die offenbar bevorstehende Zerschlagung der letzten Reste des einstigen "Kalifats" des "Islamischen Staates" in Syrien. "It is now only a matter of weeks or even days before the villages are overrun and the Islamic State’s vaunted state-building enterprise in Syria and Iraq is brought to an end, military officials say. The conclusion of the four-and-a-half-year war will add urgency to the question of when and how the United States will pull its forces out of Syria, as ordered by President Trump last month. (...) The eventual fate of the entire swath of eastern Syria now under U.S. military control as a result of the Islamic State war has yet to be decided. Trump’s sudden announcement that the troops would be withdrawn set off an international scramble to figure out what to do with the territory, amounting to almost a third of Syria."

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"Around the globe, Trump’s style is inspiring imitators and unleashing dark impulses"

Auch in anderen Ländern werde der Stil des US-Präsidenten von Regierungschefs zunehmend imitiert, stellt die Washington Post fest. "In countries around the globe — from Brazil to the Philippines, and in many less prominent ­places in between — a generation of leaders who resemble President Trump in both style and substance is rising, consolidating power and growing bolder in its willingness to flout democratic principles and norms. The strongman style of leadership is not new, of course, and it is not always obvious who is inspiring whom. (...) But in interviews on four continents, diplomats, rights activists and foreign officials said that after two years of Trump using the world’s most powerful megaphone to cheer authoritarians, bully democratic allies and denigrate traditional American values, the impact on how others govern is becoming clear."

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"The Trump administration downgraded the E.U. ambassador — and didn’t tell him"

Die US-Regierung hat den diplomatischen Status der EU-Vertretung in Washington herabgesetzt, ohne Brüssel vorab zu informieren. "The State Department’s office of protocol downgraded the European Union in its order of precedence, E.U. officials said Tuesday. That relates to where diplomats are seated at dinners, when they are invited to receptions and in what order they are called to pay respects at state funerals, such as that of former president George H.W. Bush last month. No longer will the European Union be as exalted as equivalent to a country. Instead it will be back alongside the African Union, after the rest of the national ambassadors. (...) Some European diplomats said they didn’t rank it as particularly important, especially given the long list of substantive disagreements between the two sides. An E.U. official said they would try to move onward without further fuss. But some analysts were quick to add it to the list of slights from the Trump administration. Even if the protocol change was purely symbolic, they said it showed that there are few arenas of relations left untouched by Trump’s disdain for the European Union."

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"Contradicting Trump, Bolton says no withdrawal from Syria until ISIS destroyed, Kurds’ safety guaranteed"

Der Nationale Sicherheitsberater John Bolton hat US-Präsident Trump Karen DeYoung und Karoun Demirjian zufolge implizit widersprochen und einen Abzug der US-Truppen aus Syrien praktisch in weite Ferne gerückt. "White House national security adviser John Bolton on Sunday outlined conditions for a U.S. troop departure from Syria that appeared to contradict President Trump’s insistence less than a month ago that the withdrawal would be immediate and without conditions. Speaking during a visit to Israel, Bolton said that certain 'objectives' must be achieved before a pullout could take place. 'The timetable flows from the policy decisions that we need to implement.' (...) Asked Sunday on CBS’s 'Face the Nation' whether Bolton’s comments were an admission that Trump had 'made a mistake,' Sen. Lindsey O. Graham (R-S.C.) said, 'I think this is the reality setting in that you got to plan this out ... He has a goal of reducing our presence. I share that goal. Let’s just do it smartly.'"

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"'Immediate responses' are needed to save lives in Yemen, U.N. and aid groups say"

Die UNO und internationale Hilfsorganisationen haben ihre Warnungen vor einer humanitären Katastrophe in Jemen erneut bekräftigt. "In a new analysis, a consortium of U.N. agencies, aid groups and experts said that a total of 16 million people, or more than half the population, was now considered 'food insecure,' even when factoring in the substantial food aid being provided across Yemen. Of those, 11 million were categorized as bring in phase 3 of a five-stage scale for hunger. Another 5 million were considered to be in phase 4, an 'emergency' situation, while about 65,000 were in 'catastrophe' conditions or phase 5, according to the report from the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), which assesses food crises worldwide."

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"Trump administration prepares to add Venezuela to list of state sponsors of terrorism"

Die US-Regierung erwägt offenbar, Venezuela auf die Liste internationaler Terror-Unterstützer zu setzen. John Hudson und Lena H. Sun zufolge wäre dies eine "dramatische Eskalation" der ohnehin angespannten Beziehungen zur sozialistischen Maduro-Regierung. "The list is reserved for governments accused of repeatedly providing 'support for acts of international terrorism' and includes only Iran, North Korea, Sudan and Syria. Republican lawmakers led by Sen. Marco Rubio (Fla.) have pushed for the designation, citing Venezuela’s alleged ties to Lebanese Hezbollah, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, and other groups. Republicans have long accused Venezuela of having ties to terrorist organizations. But experts have played down the threat and strength of those connections. They warn that a designation that does not offer concrete evidence could weaken the legitimacy of the U.S. list, which critics say already is applied inconsistently. (...) The move could limit U.S. assistance to Venezuela and prohibit financial transactions as the country reels from hyperinflation and extreme food and medicine shortages that have sent millions fleeing to neighboring countries. Many Venezuelans blame Maduro for rampant corruption across the government and mishandling of the economy."

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"Trump administration denies reaching conclusion on Khashoggi"

Präsident Trump und das Außenministerium haben betont, dass die Einschätzung der CIA zum Hergang der Ermordung des saudi-arabischen Journalisten Khashoggi nicht als offizielle Position der US-Regierung angesehen werden sollte. "Trump told reporters before he left the White House for California that, when it came to the crown prince, 'as of this moment we were told that he did not play a role. We’re going to have to find out what they have to say.' In his remarks, the president spoke of Saudi Arabia as 'a truly spectacular ally in terms of jobs and economic development.' 'I have to take a lot of things into consideration' when deciding what measures to take against the kingdom, he said. The State Department statement noted the administration’s recent actions against a number of Saudis, but also cited the need to maintain 'the important strategic relationship' between the two allies."

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"Macron’s pyrrhic victory over Trump"

Ishaan Tharoor schreibt, dass der Anspruch des französischen Präsidenten auf eine globale Führungsrolle bereits jetzt durch die politischen Realitäten in Frankreich und Europa in Frage gestellt werde. "Macron’s approval ratings slumped to record lows in recent months. A poll last week placed Macron’s centrist ruling party behind the French far-right ahead of next year’s elections for the European Parliament. (...) 'Europeans are too deeply divided among themselves — and on the fundamentals,' Dominique Moïsi, a foreign policy analyst at the Institut Montaigne in Paris and former Macron campaign adviser, told my colleague James McAuley. 'He’s weakened by the fact that he’s orphaned by Merkel and he’s weakened inside by the spectacular fall of his popularity.' These divides — and his own domestic travails — hobble Macron’s attempts at global leadership, analysts suggest."

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"A year after the Ritz-Carlton roundup, Saudi elites remain jailed by the crown prince"

Viele politische Rivalen des saudi-arabischen Kronprinzen Mohammed bin Salman sind ein Jahr nach ihrer Verhaftung offenbar immer noch in einem Luxushotel interniert, berichten Kevin Sullivan und Kareem Fahim. "Early this year, the Saudi attorney general said 56 men remained locked up, some the subject of criminal investigations, with more than $106 billion in cash, real estate, businesses, securities and other assets recovered in the Ritz operation. Mohammed said in an interview last month with Bloomberg News that only eight men were still being detained. He offered no other details except to say, 'They’re with their lawyers and facing the system that we have in Saudi Arabia.' But other people familiar with the detentions said the number is much higher, with 45 Ritz detainees still locked up. (...) Human rights activists and other analysts said Mohammed may be preparing to release more of the detainees to help cool the international furor over the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi on Oct. 2."

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"Arab states fear Khashoggi case could trigger regional instability"

Karen DeYoung und Souad Mekhennet zufolge fürchtet die arabische Welt die sicherheitspolitischen Folgen des Khashoggi-Skandals in der Region. "(...) what worries the Arabs most, regional officials and experts say, is what they see as the danger to their own stability and security should Saudi Arabia’s status — and its close ties with the United States — be seriously undermined. 'The situation is a dilemma for the region because of the uncertainty of how it will affect the relationship with the U.S. long-term,' said a senior official from a Persian Gulf country, one of several who spoke on the condition of anonymity about the sensitive issue. (...) If the administration decides — or is pressured by Congress and public opinion — to seriously step back from its alliance with Riyadh, 'our security is at risk,' the gulf official said. 'Iran might see another opportunity to destabilize.'"

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"How a right-wing terrorist anticipated the ultranationalist wave"

Sieben Jahre nach dem Terroranschlag von Oslo und auf der Insel Utøya in Norwegen erscheine der Massenmörder Anders Behring Breivik nicht länger als ideologisch isolierter Täter, schreibt Ishaan Tharoor anlässlich der Veröffentlichung des neuen Films "22 July" des Regisseurs Paul Greengrass. "Across Scandinavia, Europe and even the United States, far-right, anti-immigrant politics are ascendant. Speaking to Today’s WorldView, Greengrass said Breivik’s 'intellectual worldview has migrated' closer to the political center. 'We can test the extent we should be disturbed by the extent to which you can see Breivik’s manifesto come into the mainstream,' Greengrass said in an interview last week while visiting Washington. With President Trump and others railing against 'globalists,' immigrants and liberals, the suggestion is that we should be very disturbed, indeed."

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"After journalist vanishes, focus shifts to young prince’s 'dark' and bullying side"

Hat Kronprinz Mohammed bin Salman die Ermordung des Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi in Istanbul angeordnet? Karen DeYoung und Kareem Fahim berichten, dass Kenner des saudi-arabischen Thronfolgers geschockt, aber nicht überrascht wären, wenn sich diese Anschuldigung als wahr herausstellen würde. "They describe a dark and bullying side of a young man in a hurry, one who has absolute power and does not tolerate dissent. (...) Mohammed and people who know him assert that his Western admirers have always misunderstood his intentions, projecting their own hopes for the transformation of Saudi Arabia onto a prince who is the antithesis of the cautious, elderly leadership that has ruled the kingdom for decades, and seemed brash enough to push through his modernization plans. (...) If Khashoggi’s disappearance shocked Westerners, they were simply not paying close attention to events in the kingdom, and the lengths to which the crown prince has been willing to go to quash dissent, say seasoned Saudi human rights advocates."

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"Crown prince sought to lure Khashoggi back to Saudi Arabia and detain him, U.S. intercepts show"

Überwachungsaufnahmen von US-Geheimdiensten lassen diesem Bericht zufolge vermuten, dass Saudi-Arabien die Verhaftung des regimekritischen Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi bereits früher geplant hat. "The crown prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed bin Salman, ordered an operation to lure Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi back to Saudi Arabia from his home in Virginia and then detain him, according to U.S. intelligence intercepts of Saudi officials discussing the plan. The intelligence, described by U.S. officials familiar with it, is another piece of evidence implicating the Saudi regime in Khashoggi’s disappearance last week after he entered the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul. (...) The intelligence about Saudi Arabia’s earlier plans to detain Khashoggi have raised questions about whether the Trump administration should have warned the journalist that he might be in danger."

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"After months of deadlock, Iraqis name new president and prime minister"

Monate nach den Parlamentswahlen haben sich die irakischen Parteien auf die Ernennung eines neuen Premierministers und eines Präsidenten geeinigt. Mustafa Salim und Tamer El-Ghobashy berichten, dass die gewohnten schiitischen, sunnitischen und kurdischen Konfliktlinien im langen Verhandlungsprozess zugunsten pragmatischer Koalitionen in den Hintergrund gerückt sind. "Within an hour of Iraq’s parliament electing veteran Kurdish politician Barham Salih as president, he announced that he had asked former oil minister Adel Abdul Mahdi to form the next government. The selection of the men showed how the sectarian loyalties in Iraq’s Kurdish, Sunni Arab and Shiite Arab communities that have prevailed since the U.S. invasion in 2003 are breaking down, giving way to more-pragmatic coalitions that cut across sectarian lines. (...) the vote left no clear winner in the ongoing tussle between Iran and the United States to place their allies in Iraq’s key political posts as Washington seeks to isolate Tehran economically and politically."

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"In a blow to the West, most Macedonians sit out vote to unlock NATO and E.U. membership"

Michael Birnbaum beurteilt das Scheitern des Referendums über einen neuen Landesnamen in Mazedonien als Niederlage für den Westen. "The hotly contested campaign was closely watched by the Kremlin and Western leaders, who saw the vote as a signal for the geopolitical direction of the Balkans at a time when Russia and NATO nations are competing fiercely for influence in Europe. (...) Western leaders had poured into Skopje in recent weeks to push for a 'yes' vote, in a measure of the stakes of the referendum. U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg were among the heavyweights who passed through. Many of them described the deal as a once-in-a-generation chance for Macedonia to join the West."

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"Bolton: U.S. forces will stay in Syria until Iran and its proxies depart"

Der Nationale Sicherheitsberater John Bolton hat den Abzug der US-Truppen aus Syrien von einem Rückzug Irans und der von Teheran unterstützten Milizen abhängig gemacht. "White House national security adviser John Bolton said Monday that the United States wouldn’t be leaving Syria so long as Iranian forces continued to operate there, suggesting the Trump administration had embraced an expanded mission in the embattled country beyond the defeat of the Islamic State. Bolton made the comments to reporters in New York ahead of President Trump’s planned speech Tuesday to the United Nations General Assembly, directly linking any future withdrawal of American troops from Syria to the departure of Iranian forces from the nation. Iran has joined Russia and the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah to back Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad in a war in its eighth year. 'We’re not going to leave as long as Iranian troops are outside Iranian borders and that includes Iranian proxies and militias,' Bolton said, according to the Associated Press."

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"Japan’s Abe finds himself on sidelines amid outreach with North Korea"

In den Staatsmedien Nordkoreas habe Japan die USA als Feindbild derzeit abgelöst, berichtet Simon Denyer. Japan sei im internationalen Verhandlungsprozess an den Rand gedrängt worden. So habe sich Premierminister Abe bisher umsonst um ein eigenes Gipfeltreffen mit Kim Jong-un bemüht. "North Korea’s propaganda machine has gone easy on the United States this year. But it has stepped up its vilification of Japan, sparing no opportunity to remind its citizens of Korea’s suffering under Japanese colonial rule in the decades before World War II. Japan, North Korean state media argues, is nothing less than 'heinous war criminal state,' populated by 'island barbarians' and led by a 'kingpin of corruption' who has done only evil deeds since taking power. The question is whether all that bluster matters. After all, the North had blasted the United States with a similar propaganda barrage for decades. But the fast-moving events this year have highlighted Japan’s outlier status as possible deals are cut and new relationships are formed. 'There is a real danger that Abe’s Japan is going to get left behind,' said Koichi Nakano, a political-science professor at Tokyo’s Sophia University."

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"Terrorism is down worldwide, but State Department says Iran maintains ‘near-global reach’"

Das US-Außenministerium wirft dem Iran in einem neuen Bericht vor, ein terroristisches Netzwerk auf nahezu globaler Ebene zu betreiben und dabei auch die USA ins Visier zu nehmen. "The annual Country Reports on Terrorism for 2017 said Iran and the proxy groups it finances were responsible for attacks or attempted attacks in the Middle East, Europe, South America and Africa. 'It brings to its terrorist activities the resources of a state,' Nathan Sales, the coordinator for counterterrorism, said in a call with reporters. 'Iran uses terrorism as a tool of its statecraft,' he added. 'It has no reservations about using that tool on any continent.' (...) Iran has been designated as a state sponsor of terrorism since 1984. It is one of four countries on the list, along with North Korea, Syria and Sudan. As evidence that Iran intended to potentially launch an attack in the United States, the report cited the arrest last summer of two men in Michigan and New York suspected of being undercover operatives for Hezbollah. Iran provides financial support to the Lebanese militant group."

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"Russia-Turkey deal may delay, but not prevent, a battle for Syria’s Idlib province"

Die russisch-türkische Vereinbarung zur Einrichtung einer Pufferzone in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz wird eine Offensive syrischer Regierungstruppen nach Ansicht einiger Experten nur verschieben. "'We definitely should not think that the Idlib deal is the ultimate deal. What we are seeing is only a measure for the time being. It is not the endgame for Idlib,' she said. 'At best, this deal postpones a potential confrontation in Idlib rather than completely eliminates the possibility of an offensive.' Unusually for Syria, however, the deal was welcomed by all sides as an opportunity to avert, at least for now, the immense suffering that a battle would inflict on the more than 3 million civilians in the northwestern province."

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"U.S.-backed forces launch what could be the last major battle against ISIS in Syria"

Die kurdische SDF-Miliz hat im Osten Syriens eine Offensive mit amerikanischer Luftunterstützung gegen die letzte syrische Bastion des "Islamischen Staates" begonnen. "Ground forces with the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces began the offensive Monday night, advancing toward the town of Hajin aided by U.S. airstrikes, U.S. and SDF officials said. Hajin is the largest town in an approximately 95-square-mile stretch of mostly desert terrain along the Euphrates River’s east bank. The conquest of this territory would mark an effective end to the Islamic State’s 'caliphate,' which at its peak in 2014-2015 spanned vast areas of Syria and Iraq. The battle, however, won’t spell an end to the threat posed by the militants, who are already regrouping in pockets of territory in Iraq and also maintain cells scattered across the vast desert area to the west of the Euphrates, which is under Syrian government control."

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"Trump administration met with, but rebuffed, Venezuelan officers who said they were plotting a coup, officials say"

Karen DeYoung und Greg Jaffe berichten, dass Vertreter der US-Regierung im vergangenen Jahr mehrfach mit rebellierenden venezolanischen Offizieren Putschpläne gegen Präsident Maduro diskutiert hätten. Die Bitte um Unterstützung sei von den US-Offiziellen allerdings abgelehnt worden. "The Trump administration met several times last year and early this year with Venezuelan military officers purporting to be dissidents plotting a coup against President Nicolás Maduro, but ultimately rebuffed their requests for assistance, according to U.S. officials. The operation was small and closely held, according to one senior official, who described the meetings as 'all listening. We listen to anyone who wants to talk to us.' (... ) Maduro has frequently accused the United States of plotting with his opponents, and of economic and actual warfare against him. The outreach by the officers 'highlighted the level of desperation' in Venezuela, and the Trump administration was eager to understand what was going on inside the armed forces, according to another person familiar with meetings."

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"Syrian rebels in Idlib target those who might surrender as government assault looms"

Radikalislamische Rebellen wollen in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz eine verhandelte Kapitulation wie in anderen Provinzen um jeden Preis verhindern, berichten Louisa Loveluck und Ghalia Al Alwani. In der Stadt Harem seien zur Abschreckung öffentliche Hinrichtungsstätten für "Verräter" errichtet worden. "As a possible showdown approaches, the rebels have arrested and tortured people they accuse of conceding defeat, sowing fear in the local population. A doctor was recently pulled from his home at night, witnesses said. A pistachio peddler was arrested as masked men patrolled the street. (...) Monitoring groups and local residents put most of the blame on HTS, formerly known as Jabhat al-Nusra, but say the Turkish-backed fighters have also arrested dozens of people."

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"Trump, McCain and the waning of the 'liberal order'"

Die Nachrufe auf John McCain sind Ishaan Tharoor zufolge zum Teil auch Nachrufe auf die Weltsicht des verstorbenen US-Senators. McCain sei zuletzt als Verteidiger der "liberalen Weltordnung" aufgetreten und habe US-Präsident Trumps neuen Kurs besonders scharf kritisiert. "As the Washington establishment mourned McCain’s passing, it became clear that it was mourning not just a man’s death, but the waning of the world he seemed to represent. The global vision championed by McCain seems to be in profound retreat. (...) In McCain’s case, his embrace of the 'liberal order' ultimately hinged on a belief in American exceptionalism and, by extension, hegemony. His support for bloody, ill-fated wars — most notably the 2003 invasion of Iraq — and his cheerleading for further interventions in the Middle East may be remembered long after we forget his advocacy for human rights."

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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