US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Washington Post


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21.02.2018

"Germany won’t become the 'leader of the free world' after all, and the Germans don’t mind"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2018/02/21/germany-wont-become-the-leader-of-the-free-w
orld-after-all-and-germans-dont-mind/?utm_term=.55134599b989

Der Amtsantritt Donald Trumps hat im vergangenen Jahr die Hoffnung laut werden lassen, dass nun Deutschland die Führung der "freien Welt" übernehmen könnte. Diese Spekulationen können nach Ansicht von Rick Noack aufgrund der politischen Lage in Berlin beendet werden. Viele Deutsche sähen dies durchaus positiv: "Germany may have never wanted that role in the first place, and some even believe a withdrawal from the spotlight may benefit Germany overall — by making it less powerful. (...) Few Germans believe their country should assume a more influential role in world affairs, and 52 percent said in a recent survey by the Körber Foundation that more restraint was beneficial. (...) Merkel’s earlier rise to global political superstar and her 'leader of the Western world' nickname had disgruntled many other governments in Europe that felt suffocated by Germany’s influence. And although a Gallup survey recently concluded Germany has replaced the United States 'as the top-rated global power in the world,' it remains deeply unpopular across parts of Europe." Weiter...


20.02.2018

"North Korea poised to launch large-scale cyberattacks, says new report"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/north-korea-poised-to-launch-large-scale-cyberattacks-says-new-repor
t/2018/02/20/7f52196a-160a-11e8-942d-16a950029788_story.html?utm_term=.882da24c7634

Auch Anna Fifield berichtet über die neue Studie des IT-Sicherheitsunternehmens FireEye, der zufolge Nordkorea weltweit neue Angriffe mit weiter entwickelten Cyberwaffen vorbereite. "Experts say all the evidence suggests that Lazarus, the collective that launched the embarrassing attack on Sony and that was behind the $81 million cyberheist of a Bangladeshi bank in 2016, has links to the North Korean regime. It is also accused of masterminding last year’s WannaCry attack, which crippled companies, banks and hospitals around the world. (...) The Worldwide Threat Assessment published by the U.S. intelligence community last week forecast that the potential for surprise attacks in the cyber-realm would increase over the next year. Intelligence agencies expect North Korea to use cyber-operations to gather intelligence or launch attacks on South Korea and the United States." Weiter...


14.02.2018

"U.S. and Britain are divided over what to do with captured ISIS fighters"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/us-and-britain-are-divided-over-what-to-do-with-ca
ptured-isis-fighters/2018/02/14/8ad4786e-0f7f-11e8-827c-5150c6f3dc79_story.html?utm_term=.82d88bea7b7e

Zwischen den USA und Großbritannien gibt es offenbar unterschiedliche Ansichten über den Umgang mit gefangenen IS-Kämpfern in Irak und Syrien. Die Washington Post berichtet, dass das US-Militär zwei britische Dschihadisten gefangen habe und von ihren britischen Verbündeten nun eine Übernahme und Anklageerhebung erwarte. "U.S. diplomats and military officers are pushing Britain to accept the two men and put them on trial — part of an effort by Washington to establish the principle that all foreign fighters captured on the battlefield should be returned to their countries of origin for trial. (...) British Defense Secretary Gavin Williamson told the British newspaper the Sun that the men, El Shafee Elsheikh and Alexanda Kotey, turned their backs on Britain and should never set foot in the country again. (...) The State Department has said that if Britain refuses to accept its Islamic State fighters, they could end up imprisoned at the military detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, which President Trump has promised to keep open indefinitely. (...) By seeking the pair’s detention at Guantanamo Bay or a death sentence in civilian court, the United States would risk imperiling any future cases in which Washington seeks to extradite European terrorism suspects." Weiter...


11.02.2018

"The drone shot down by Israel was an Iranian copy of a U.S. craft, Israel says"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/israel-confirms-downed-jet-was-hit-by-syrian-antiaircraft-fire/2018/
02/11/bd42a0b2-0f13-11e8-8ea1-c1d91fcec3fe_story.html?utm_term=.0dd0b91807e7

Die vor wenigen Tagen über Israel abgeschossene iranische Spionage-Drohne entspreche offenbar einem US-Modell, das 2011 im Iran abgestürzt ist, berichten Loveday Morris und Ruth Eglash. "Experts who examined footage of the drone being shot down and images of its wreckage released by the Israeli military agreed that the shape strongly resembled that of Iran’s Saeqeh, or 'Thunderbolt,' drone, which was based on a CIA-operated RQ-170 captured by Iran. Conricus said that he could not specifically confirm that the drone was a Saeqeh and that the debris is still being examined. Iran has developed several other models based on the RQ-170. 'It was an Iranian copy of a U.S. drone that they got hold of a few years ago and they duplicated,' [Yuval Steinitz, a minister in Israel’s security cabinet,] told Israeli radio." Weiter...


05.02.2018

"With everyone focused on Russia, China is quietly expanding its influence across Europe"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2018/02/05/with-everyone-focused-on-russia-china-is-qui
etly-expanding-its-influence-across-europe/?utm_term=.8c5d65cfc303

Zwei neue Studien geben Rick Noack zufolge die Empfehlung, dass die europäischen Regierungen ihren freundlichen Kurs gegenüber China etwas vorsichtiger verfolgen sollten. Angesichts der aktuellen Warnungen vor einer russischen Einmischung in die europäische Politik werde gegenwärtig kaum beachtet, dass auch China seinen Einfluss in der EU stetig ausweite. "'Political elites in the E.U. and its close neighbors have started to embrace Chinese rhetoric and interests, including where they contradict national or European interests,' write Thorsten Benner, Jan Gaspers, Mareike Ohlberg, Lucrezia Poggetti and Kristin Shi-Kupfer, in a study released Monday and financed by the Global Public Policy Institute and the Mercator Institute for China Studies, two Berlin-based think tanks. A report by the European Council on Foreign Relations with similar conclusions was released last December." Weiter...


04.02.2018

"The Islamic State’s toxic farewell: Environmental sabotage and chronic disease"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the-islamic-states-toxic-farewell-environmental-sabotage-and-chronic
-disease/2018/02/04/927ff2b6-05c8-11e8-ae28-e370b74ea9a7_story.html?utm_term=.07f4f7bcb26a

In Irak und Syrien habe der "Islamische Staat" ein Erbe von Umweltzerstörungen und chronischen Krankheiten hinterlassen, berichten Tamer El-Ghobashy und Joby Warrick. Als Beispiel nennen sie die irakische Stadt Qayyarah, die bis heute unter den Folgen der Sprengung von 25 Ölquellen durch IS-Kämpfer leide. "For nine months, a thick, blinding cloud of smoke engulfed Qayyarah and the villages that surround it, turning people’s skin and sheep’s coats black from soot. The Islamic State footprint on Iraq’s environment may be unprecedented and permanent, with a toxic legacy that includes wide-scale cattle deaths, fields that no longer yield edible crops and chronic breathing complications in children and the elderly, doctors and experts said. (...) The fires in Qayyarah were an especially stark case, but the Islamic State carried out a variety of environmental sabotage and degradation that blight a vast area, extending north to Iraq’s Hamrin Mountains and west to the farms and oil fields that line the Euphrates River near the Syrian city of Deir al-Zour. 'The damage on the Syrian side is right in the country’s breadbasket, and [the Islamic State] contaminated it through industrial practices and deliberate sabotage,' said a U.S. official who closely tracked the destruction over the past three years. The official spoke on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to discuss the issue publicly." Weiter...


30.01.2018

"Hawaii’s false missile alert sent by troubled worker who thought an attack was imminent, officials say"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2018/01/30/heres-what-went-wrong-with-that-hawaii-missi
le-alert-the-fcc-says/?hpid=hp_hp-top-table-main_hawaiialert-1140am%3Ahomepage%2Fstory&utm_term=.63b60172
49c3

Der falsche Raketenalarm im US-Bundesstaat Hawaii ist am 13. Januar offenbar doch nicht versehentlich ausgelöst worden. Eine Untersuchung des Vorgangs hat ergeben, dass der verantwortliche Mitarbeiter tatsächlich von einem unmittelbar bevorstehenden Angriff überzeugt war. "Officials also revealed that the errant Jan. 13 alert, which sent waves of panic across the Hawaiian islands, was not the first such mix-up for the employee. At least twice before the false alarm, he 'has confused real life events and drills,' a state investigation concluded, part of a troubled work history that had 'been a source of concern . . . for over 10 years' to his co-workers. (...) The employee who sent out the alert was fired last week and has not been publicly identified. State officials said his name will be released when any disciplinary appeals are complete." Weiter...


21.01.2018

"Up to 1,000 more U.S. troops could be headed to Afghanistan this spring"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/up-to-1000-more-us-troops-could-be-headed-to-afgha
nistan-this-spring/2018/01/21/153930b6-fd1b-11e7-a46b-a3614530bd87_story.html?utm_term=.2bbfe306559f

Das US-Militär plant der Washington Post zufolge die Entsendung von bis zu tausend zusätzlichen Soldaten nach Afghanistan. "The U.S. Army is readying plans that could increase the total force in Afghanistan by as many as 1,000 U.S. troops this spring beyond the 14,000 already in the country, senior military officials said. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis has not signed off on the proposals for the new forces, which are part of a broader strategy to bolster Afghan forces so that they can pound the Taliban during the upcoming fighting season. The possible increases have the support of the Army’s senior leadership, which has been working to determine the mix of troops required to execute a strategy centered on a new combat formation. The discussions at the Pentagon underscore the complex task the U.S. military faces as it prepares to deploy newly created combat advisory teams to some of the most violent, remote and heavily contested areas of Afghanistan." Weiter...


11.01.2018

"U.N. probe details fallout of proxy war in Yemen between Saudi coalition and Iran"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/un-probe-details-fallout-of-proxy-war-in-yemen-between-saudi-coaliti
on-and-iran-/2018/01/11/3e3f9302-f644-11e7-9af7-a50bc3300042_story.html?utm_term=.dbd9ce907853

Ein neuer UN-Bericht über den Krieg in Jemen stützt Kareem Fahim zufolge den Vorwurf, dass die Huthi-Rebellen Raketen und andere Waffen aus dem Iran erhalten haben. Scharf kritisiert würden aber auch Saudi-Arabien und die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate: "The U.N. experts were particularly critical of airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition. The U.N. previously had said that the majority of the more than 5,000 civilian deaths in the conflict were a result of the airstrikes, which are carried out by a handful of coalition countries including Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, often using U.S.-supplied munitions. (...) The panel’s findings, nearly three years after the eruption of widespread hostilities in Yemen, add weight to repeated warnings by aid workers and analysts about the risks of a humanitarian catastrophe, rampant human rights abuses and the potential for the battle to spill over Yemen’s borders." Weiter...


10.01.2018

"Senior Pentagon soldier warns ISIS: Quit or be shot in the face, beaten with entrenching tools"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2018/01/10/senior-pentagon-soldier-warns-isis-quit-or-b
e-shot-in-the-face-beaten-with-entrenching-tools/?utm_term=.e14a79998a0a

Ein hochrangiger US-Soldat hat den in Irak und Syrien weiterkämpfenden IS-Anhängern über Twitter und Facebook erklärt, dass das US-Militär und seine Partner nur noch eine kampflose Kapitulation akzeptieren werden. "Senior U.S. officials, including Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, have warned Islamic State fighters for months that they must lay down their weapons or face annihilation, but [Army Command Sgt. Maj. John Wayne] Troxell’s message was unusually forceful. 'ISIS needs to understand that the Joint Force is on orders to annihilate them,' Troxell wrote on Facebook. 'So, they have two options should they decide to come up against the United States, our allies and partners: surrender or die!' Troxell added that the U.S.-led military coalition will provide militants who surrender with safety in a detainee cell, food, a cot and legal due process. 'HOWEVER, if they choose not to surrender, then we will kill them with extreme prejudice, whether that be through security force assistance, by dropping bombs on them, shooting them in the face, or beating them to death with our entrenching tools,' Troxell wrote. 'Regardless, they cannot win, so they need to choose how it’s going to be.' The posts were published Tuesday night along with a photograph of an entrenching tool — a collapsible shovel used by U.S. troops." Weiter...


09.01.2018

"Who is attacking Russia’s bases in Syria? A new mystery emerges in the war."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/who-is-attacking-russias-main-base-in-syria-a-new-mystery-emerges-in
-the-war/2018/01/09/4fdaea70-f48d-11e7-9af7-a50bc3300042_story.html?utm_term=.3efb84c9e5e5

Russische Militärstützpunkte in Syrien sind in den vergangenen Wochen u.a. durch einen Schwarm von Mini-Kampfdrohnen angegriffen worden. Liz Sly berichtet, dass bisher unklar sei, wer für die Angriffe verantwortlich ist. "Taken together, the drone and mortar attacks appear to represent the most concerted assault on the Russian headquarters in Syria since the military intervention in September 2015, which has broadly succeeded in its goal of shoring up President Bashar al-Assad’s fight to suppress the seven-year-old rebellion against his rule. (...) Perhaps the biggest question of all, however, is who was responsible. What makes the attacks especially unusual is that there has been no claim, triggering a frenzy of speculation in the Russian and Syrian news media over who may have carried them out. (...) One of the myriad Syrian opposition groups is the most probable suspect, [Maxim Suchkov of the Russian International Affairs Council] said. But none of the rebel groups is known to be within mortar range of the base, and they typically assert responsibility for all their operations. 'If it was the opposition, they tend to put everything online and boast about it,' he said. Among the theories circulating widely is that disgruntled Alawites from Assad’s own minority sect were responsible." Weiter...


07.01.2018

"Israel turns the power back on to Gaza, giving residents about six hours’ worth a day"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/israel-turns-the-power-back-on-to-gaza-reducing-cuts-to-
around-18-hours-a-day/2018/01/07/0b566f12-f3d1-11e7-9af7-a50bc3300042_story.html?utm_term=.362d4300e691

Israel will die Stromversorgung des Gazastreifens demnächst wieder auf sechs Stunden pro Tag erhöhen. Nach den Sanktionen der Fatah gegen die Hamas war die Versorgung aufgrund unbezahlter Rechnungen neun Monate lang auf etwa drei Stunden pro Tag reduziert worden. "Gaza residents have been caught in the middle of a political rift between Fatah, which controls the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank, and the rival Hamas leadership in the strip. Israel cut off 50 megawatts of electricity to Gaza last year after the Palestinian Authority said it would no longer pick up the bill for power supplied to Hamas territory while the group was running a shadow government in the strip. (...) The power cut meant that homes received only three or four hours of electricity a day. There was not enough power for sewage treatment, sending more than 25 million gallons of raw or partially treated sewage into the sea each day." Weiter...


20.12.2017

"Trump administration approves lethal arms sales to Ukraine"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/josh-rogin/wp/2017/12/20/trump-administration-approves-lethal-arms-sa
les-to-ukraine/?utm_term=.f6ce06dcaecc

Die US-Regierung hat in Abkehr von ihrer bisherigen Position beschlossen, den Verkauf tödlicher Verteidigungswaffen an die Ukraine zu genehmigen. "Administration officials confirmed that the State Department this month approved a commercial license authorizing the export of Model M107A1 Sniper Systems, ammunition, and associated parts and accessories to Ukraine, a sale valued at $41.5 million. These weapons address a specific vulnerability of Ukrainian forces fighting a Russian-backed separatist movement in two eastern provinces. There has been no approval to export the heavier weapons the Ukrainian government is asking for, such as Javelin antitank missiles." Weiter...


14.12.2017

"China’s 'long arm' of influence stretches ever further"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/12/14/chinas-long-arm-of-influence-stretches-ever-
further/

Ishaan Tharoor meint, dass sich die USA nicht nur um die mutmaßliche russische Einmischung in die amerikanische Politik Sorgen machen sollten. Chinas Strategie zur Beeinflussung westlicher Regierungen könnte demnach langfristig von noch größerer Bedeutung sein. "China is, of course, a world power, and it is natural for it to cultivate extensive ties in foreign lands. Chinese investments and other soft-power influences have factored into election campaigns in developing countries as diverse as Zambia, Peru and Nepal. That is a reality Americans can hardly begrudge, given their own nation's lengthy history of meddling in elections elsewhere. (...) But [Sen. Marco Rubio] and others warn of a more dangerous ideological edge to China's international agenda. They argue that as China creates an increasingly sophisticated online police state at home — built on maximizing surveillance and censorship — it is intensifying efforts to explore other countries' vulnerabilities. (...) 'The Chinese government has spent tens of billions of dollars to shape norms, narratives, and attitudes in other countries,' said Shanthi Kalathil of the National Endowment for Democracy, speaking at Wednesday's hearing." Weiter...


03.12.2017

"Soldiers guard Europe’s streets from terrorism. Critics say that weakens them in war."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/soldiers-guard-europes-streets-from-terrorism-critics-say-tha
t-weakens-them-in-war/2017/12/03/0312584e-b87a-11e7-9b93-b97043e57a22_story.html

Angesichts der Terrorgefahr in Europa seien zuletzt immer wieder Soldaten mit der Aufrechterhaltung der Sicherheit betraut worden, berichtet Michael Birnbaum. Einige Experten fürchteten nun, dass die Überlastung und ausfallende Truppenübungen die militärische Kampfkraft einschränken könnten. "Green army trucks are rumbling across the cobbled streets of Brussels. Stiff-spined soldiers are patrolling the Champs-Elysees in Paris. Italian troops are guarding the Colosseum. And critics say the years-long deployments at home are sapping the ability of these militaries to fight wars. Taken together, the domestic deployments — to guard against terrorism — are among the largest in Western Europe since World War II. They come as European militaries are tapped to address an unusually wide range of challenges at once: a resurgent Russia, grinding conflicts in the Middle East, migration across the Mediterranean and smaller wartime deployments far from their borders." Weiter...


28.11.2017

"Trump is getting the zero-sum game he wants in the Middle East"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/11/28/trump-is-getting-the-zero-sum-game-he-wants-
in-the-middle-east/

US-Präsident Trump habe mit seiner Unterstützung für den neuen außenpolitischen Kurs Saudi-Arabiens dazu beigetragen, dass sich die regionalen Konfliktlinien deutlich verhärtet hätten, meint Ishaan Tharoor. Die Position Saudi-Arabiens sei dadurch keineswegs gestärkt worden. "'Our loyalty to Saudi Arabia may actually have contributed to the kingdom’s many mistakes in Yemen, among other challenges and missed opportunities,' wrote Michael O'Hanlon of the Brookings Institution, referring to the ruinous Saudi-led intervention across its southern border. (...) 'To average citizens of the region, the power plays involving Iran, the Gulf States, Turkey, Russia, and the US and other regional actors have only complicated their lives, leading to chaos, war, displacement, and poverty in Yemen, Syria, and Iraq and raising fears of further conflict,' BuzzFeed's Borzou Daragahi wrote. 'Saudi popularity has been steadily declining, according to independent polling data. Another survey conducted last year shows that Arabs view the U.S. and Israel as greater threats than Iran.'" Weiter...


08.11.2017

"Don’t be fooled by the comforting rhetoric coming from Saudi Arabia’s crown prince"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/made-by-history/wp/2017/11/08/dont-be-fooled-by-the-comforting-rhetor
ic-coming-from-saudi-arabias-crown-prince/?utm_term=.4cdb8f241fda

Rosie Bsheer meint, dass die Reformankündigungen des saudi-arabischen Kronprinzen Mohammed bin Salman die westliche Öffentlichkeit von seiner "brutalen" Bekämpfung innenpolitischer Rivalen und Oppositioneller ablenken sollen. "Even as Western governments and media outlets sing his praises, the young crown prince is viewed domestically as an incompetent and corrupt ruler who hides behind liberalism, tolerance and anti-corruption rhetoric. This view is shared by ruling members of the monarchy, economic elites and the population at large, who see Mohammad as someone who has disturbed the status quo for the sake of massive personal enrichment and political aggrandizement. (...) This is not to say that change in Saudi Arabia is not possible, nor to discount the efforts of thousands of Saudis who have risked so much to improve their living situations. But in the hands of relentless dictators in such an authoritarian context, 'change' is elusive at best." Weiter...


06.11.2017

"Three reasons why Japan will likely continue to reject nuclear weapons"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/11/06/japan-is-likely-to-retain-its-non-nuclear-p
rinciples-heres-why/?utm_term=.ffa9f7506cb1

Der klare Sieg von Premierminister Abe bei den Parlamentswahlen in Japan hat Spekulationen über die Zukunft der pazifistischen Verfassung des Landes ausgelöst. Drei Gründe sprechen nach Ansicht von Mike Mochizuki dagegen, dass bei möglichen Reformen auch das nukleare Tabu gebrochen werden könnte. "1) Staying non-nuclear is part of Japan’s national identity. The Three Non-Nuclear Principles are a clear part of Japan’s national identity, not simply a policy preference. Repeated polls indicate overwhelming popular support for the three principles in Japan. A 2014 Asahi newspaper poll revealed that support for the principles had risen to 82 percent, compared with 78 percent in a 1988 poll. (...) 2) Powerful players in Japanese politics can block nuclear acquisition. In addition to public opposition to nuclear weapons, Japan has significant 'veto players' — crucial political or economic actors that are likely to block efforts to develop nuclear weapons. (...) 3) Japan has good national security reasons to stay non-nuclear. There’s also a realist security calculation to consider. North Korean nuclearization is alarming, but it does not pose such an acute danger that Japanese leaders will be motivated to pay the high political costs necessary to weaken, much less revoke, the Three Non-Nuclear Principles." Weiter...


23.10.2017

"Parts of Niger and Mali are already lawless. U.S. strategy might make it worse."

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/10/23/parts-of-niger-and-mali-are-already-lawless-
u-s-strategy-might-make-it-worse/

Einige Experten bezweifeln Max Bearak zufolge, dass das US-Militär mit seiner Strategie in Westafrika zur Stabilisierung von Ländern wie Mali oder Niger beitragen könne. Es handle sich um "zunehmend gesetzlose" Gebiete, in der aggressive Antiterroroperationen eine Spirale der Gewalt auslösen könnten. "While analysts agree that the underpowered armies of Niger and neighboring countries need help in combating terrorist networks, some caution that heavy-handedness could trigger a spiral of violence similar to quagmires the U.S. military has helped to create in the Middle East. (...) 'If U.S. troops in the area are allowed to go for more aggressive rules of engagement, then the question is who are they going to shoot at?' said Yvan Guichaoua, a professor at the University of Kent who specializes in political conflict in the Sahel, a region hugging the Sahara's southern fringes that includes Niger and Mali. 'Answering 'the Islamic State' is not going to help. Jihadi militancy in the area has multiple forms.'" Weiter...


11.10.2017

"What the U.S. is actually getting right on North Korea"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/10/11/what-the-u-s-is-actually-getting-right-on-no
rth-korea/

Adam Taylor ist der Ansicht, dass die US-Regierung trotz der widersprüchlich erscheinenden Äußerungen von Präsident Trump eine kohärente Nordkorea-Strategie verfolge, die bereits zu ersten diplomatischen Erfolgen geführt habe. "The most obvious successes of this new policy are the increased economic and diplomatic pressures being placed on North Korea. U.N. sanctions in particular are a big win for the United States, especially as they have at least some backing from Beijing and Moscow. (...) On the diplomatic side, Italy recently became the fifth country to expel a North Korean ambassador, and the U.S. government claims that more than 20 countries have restricted North Korean diplomatic activities this year. (...) This isn't a perfect policy. Notably, there remain serious doubts about the extent to which China and Russia are really willing to turn the screws on North Korea. But many experts think these are steps in the right direction after years of seemingly fruitless 'strategic patience' during the Obama administration." Weiter...


10.10.2017

"'All Lebanon is against them': A rape-murder sours a country on its Syrian refugees"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/all-lebanon-is-against-them-a-rape-murder-sours-a-countr
y-on-its-syrian-refugees/2017/10/10/afa13010-a792-11e7-9a98-07140d2eed02_story.html

Seit dem Kriegsausbruch in Syrien sind über eine Million syrische Zivilisten in den Libanon geflüchtet. Die restriktivere Flüchtlingspolitik europäischer Regierungen könnte den Druck auf Libanon und andere Nachbarstaaten Syriens verstärken, schreibt Liz Sly. Wie angespannt die Situation bereits heute ist, zeige der aktuelle Fall eines syrischen Flüchtlings, der die Tochter eines libanesischen Geschäftsmanns vergewaltigt und ermordet hat. "The ensuing backlash against Syrians has rippled across Lebanon, exposing razor-sharp tensions between the country’s 1 million Syrian refugees and their hosts that increasingly threaten to open up Lebanon’s own fragile sectarian divisions. (...) Chidiac’s killing touched a nerve among Lebanese who feel they are shouldering a disproportionate share of the refugee crisis. Calls are mounting for the refugees to be sent back regardless of conditions inside Syria." Weiter...


09.10.2017

"The Central African Republic could be on the brink of a bloodbath"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/the-central-african-republic-could-be-on-the-brink-of-a-blood
bath/2017/10/09/b26e59d0-a7bf-11e7-9a98-07140d2eed02_story.html

UN-Beobachter, Diplomaten und humanitäre Helfer vor Ort warnen Cassandra Vinograd zufolge vor einem drohenden Genozid in der Zentralafrikanischen Republik. Der seit 2013 schwelende Konflikt zwischen muslimischen und christlichen Gruppen droht demnach zu eskalieren. "Analysts say the latest violence is due in part to the new government’s failure to satisfy the armed groups’ demands for political representation and amnesty. 'To get what they want they need to increase the power of negotiation. And in order to increase the power of negotiations they need to represent a threat,' explained Nathalia Dukhan, an analyst at the Enough Project, a Washington-based research group focused on African conflicts. 'They increased their capacity to harm.' That hasn’t been hard to do in a country where the central government wields little power outside the capital, the army is ineffective and ill-equipped, and infrastructure such as roads is limited." Weiter...


08.10.2017

"Time is running out for nonviolence — or Trump — to save Tibet"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/global-opinions/time-is-running-out-for-nonviolence--or-trump--to
-save-tibet/2017/10/08/8ab254ba-aab6-11e7-b3aa-c0e2e1d41e38_story.html?utm_term=.e21f88888173

Die tibetische Unabhängigkeitsbewegung stehe angesichts einer zunehmenden chinesischen Repression und des internationalen Desinteresses an einem Scheideweg, schreibt Josh Rogin. Seit Jahrzehnten habe der Einfluss des heute 82 Jahre alten Dalai Lama für eine strikte Politik der Gewaltlosigkeit gesorgt. Das Zeitfenster für eine friedliche Lösung des Konflikts könnte sich jedoch bald schließen, so Rogin. "Chinese authorities kidnapped Tibet’s second-holiest official, the Panchen Lama, when he was 6 years old and appointed an impostor in his place. When the current Dalai Lama dies, Beijing may appoint a fake Dalai Lama, which could cause the crisis to boil over. Meanwhile, China’s strategy to erase Tibetan history, religion and language from Tibet is advancing apace. (...) President Trump may not prioritize human rights or the viability of nonviolent movements, but supporting Tibet is also in the United States’ national interest. The Tibet issue could provide the pressure point Trump has been seeking in his dealings with Beijing." Weiter...


20.09.2017

"Trump’s 'principled realism' is an incoherent mess"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/09/20/trumps-principled-realism-is-an-incoherent-m
ess/

Ishaan Tharoor wirft US-Präsident Trump nach dessen UN-Rede vor, keinen "prinzipienfesten Realismus", sondern ein ideologiegetriebenes und zusammenhangloses Durcheinander zu vertreten. "The irony is that Trump's international agenda is neither principled nor pragmatic, and has always been guided by ideology first. Both Trump and [White House adviser Stephen Miller] care chiefly about the narrow domestic base that catapulted Trump to power. So, in the most august chamber of international diplomacy, Trump stuck to his ultranationalist guns, extolling the 'nation-state' as 'the best vehicle for elevating the human condition,' while saying little about democracy, human rights and the rule of law elsewhere. (...) The other concern raised by Trump's fire and brimstone speech is that it may backfire. While almost everyone in the international community recognizes the ultimate need for dialogue with Pyongyang, Trump may be shrinking the room for diplomacy by seeking to unravel the nuclear deal with Iran." Weiter...


18.09.2017

"The 'ethnic cleansing' of the Rohingya"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2017/world/rohingya/

Max Bearak, Laris Karklis und Tim Meko erläutern die komplexen Hintergründe der Rohingya-Krise in Myanmar in diesem mit Karten und Bildern ergänzten Beitrag. "The human catastrophe has captured the world’s attention. But it has also caused a lot of confusion. Didn’t Burma just undergo a democratic transition? Isn’t it led by Nobel Peace Prize-winner Aung San Suu Kyi? Why are Buddhists perpetrating an ethnic cleansing against Muslims? The mass exodus of the Rohingya from Burma has underpinnings in events that took place centuries ago, as well as in events that took place weeks ago." Weiter...


15.09.2017

"America's underrecognized ally in the fight against terrorism: Geography"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/amphtml/news/politics/wp/2017/09/15/americas-underrecognized-ally-in-the-f
ight-against-terrorism-geography/

Die USA profitieren bei ihrer Bekämpfung des internationalen Terrorismus im Gegensatz zu Europa nicht zuletzt von ihrer geographischen Lage, meint der Terrorismusexperte Dan Byman im Gespräch mit Philip Bump. "That advantage isn't only about the relative difficulty of getting to the United States from the Middle East as compared with getting to continental Europe, but that's a lot of it. 'Europe has all of these land entry points,' [Dan Byman, professor at Georgetown University and senior fellow at the Brookings Institution who served as a staff member on the 9/11 Commission,] said. (...) The density of those local populations in Europe also makes it easier for those looking to blend in to do so. 'The number of people who are skilled enough to operate in an environment where there aren't many people who speak their language and whose culture they don't know? It's a lot harder,' Byman said. This goes back to Byman's other point: When it's harder to sneak terrorists into a country and there are fewer terrorists who could be successful once they're there, that sharply decreases the number of people who'd be successful." Weiter...


08.09.2017

"Venezuela’s government is turning Trump’s threats into a call to arms"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/venezuelas-government-is-turning-trumps-threats-into-a-
call-to-arms/2017/09/07/42eeeece-8ccd-11e7-9c53-6a169beb0953_story.html?utm_term=.691cb55130d2

Die im letzten Monat geäußerte Drohung Donald Trumps gegen Venezuela spiele der Regierung in Caracas innen- und außenpolitisch bis heute in die Hände, berichten Rachelle Krygier und Anthony Faiola. "'The statements [by Trump] regarding a military option clearly backfired,' said David Smilde, a Venezuela specialist at the Washington Office on Latin America. (...) Trump’s threat has been manna from heaven for the unpopular Maduro, Chávez’s designated successor. In comments to reporters Aug. 12, Trump said: 'We have many options for Venezuela, including a possible military option if necessary.' Almost immediately, Latin American nations that have condemned Maduro were put in the uncomfortable position of having to effectively take his side against the threat of U.S. force. Maduro was also quick to use Trump’s comments to paint his domestic opponents — many of whom have called for more U.S. pressure on Caracas — as treasonous." Weiter...


03.09.2017

"Seoul tries to ignore Trump’s criticism: 'They worry he’s kind of nuts,' one observer says"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/in-latest-test-north-korea-detonates-its-most-powerful-
nuclear-device-yet/2017/09/03/4c5202ea-90b4-11e7-8754-d478688d23b4_story.html

US-Präsident Trump hat in seiner Reaktion auf den mutmaßlichen Test einer Wasserstoffbombe durch Nordkorea auch die "Appeasement"-Politik des Südens kritisiert. In Südkorea sei die Äußerung mit Verwunderung aufgenommen worden, berichtet Anna Fifield. "South Korea’s response overall to Trump’s recent pronouncements has been much more muted than its past explosions against its protector — a sign that they know Trump is a different kind of president. 'They think they’re dealing with an unreasonable partner and complaining about it isn’t going to help — in fact, it might make it worse,' said David Straub, a former State Department official who dealt with both Koreas and recently published a book about anti-Americanism in South Korea. 'Opinion polls show South Koreans have one of the lowest rates of regard for Trump in the world and they don’t consider him to be a reasonable person,' Straub said. 'In fact, they worry he’s kind of nuts, but they still want the alliance.'" Weiter...


31.08.2017

"Trump’s big decision in Syria"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/global-opinions/why-a-us-presence-in-syria-will-be-essential/2017
/08/31/cad645d4-8e77-11e7-91d5-ab4e4bb76a3a_story.html

David Ignatius hofft, dass die USA die eigenen Truppen auch nach dem nahenden Fall des "Islamischen Staates" nicht aus Syrien abziehen wird. Nur so ließen sich die Unabhängigkeitsambitionen der Kurden kontrollieren und eine Intervention der Türkei verhindern. "U.S. commanders say the real strategic prize is further south. They say as soon as Raqqa is secure, SDF troops (joined by whatever other Arab forces are ready), hope to advance toward the lower Euphrates Valley, south of Deir al-Zour. The United States hopes that Iraqi forces across the border will help check Iranian power in the area. What happens next? That depends in part on whether U.S. military advisers stay in eastern Syria. If they remain, say U.S. officials, they can curb the Kurds’ ambitions for independence, deter the Turks from intervening and encourage the Sunni opposition to work with all sides. A future U.S. presence 'will be essential,' says [Riyad Hijab, the head of the Syrian opposition coalition known as the High Negotiations Committee]. And if they leave quickly? We’ve seen this movie before." Weiter...


27.08.2017

"Japan doubles down on its U.S. alliance"

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/global-opinions/japan-doubles-down-on-its-us-alliance/2017/08/27/
5f7d6880-89bd-11e7-a94f-3139abce39f5_story.html?utm_term=.14d674f20564

Im Gegensatz zu europäischen Ländern, die zu den USA unter Präsident Trump auf Distanz gehen, wolle Japan das Bündnis zwischen beiden Ländern trotz mancher Zweifel nun erst recht stärken, stellt Josh Rogin fest. "To be sure, Japan has gone all in on the Trump administration in part because it has no better option. Still, the Trump and Abe-Kono visions for the alliance mesh. Both want Japan to evolve into a more self-sufficient alliance member with a greater regional role. Both realize that deeper U.S.-Japan cooperation is the best way to steer Asia toward greater peace and stability. But until Washington is able to communicate and then implement a better strategy for confronting the North Korea threat and the China problem, allies such as Japan will continue to worry about their bet on the Trump administration and their dependence on U.S. leadership." Weiter...


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