US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Washington Post


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"Crown prince sought to lure Khashoggi back to Saudi Arabia and detain him, U.S. intercepts show"

Überwachungsaufnahmen von US-Geheimdiensten lassen diesem Bericht zufolge vermuten, dass Saudi-Arabien die Verhaftung des regimekritischen Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi bereits früher geplant hat. "The crown prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed bin Salman, ordered an operation to lure Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi back to Saudi Arabia from his home in Virginia and then detain him, according to U.S. intelligence intercepts of Saudi officials discussing the plan. The intelligence, described by U.S. officials familiar with it, is another piece of evidence implicating the Saudi regime in Khashoggi’s disappearance last week after he entered the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul. (...) The intelligence about Saudi Arabia’s earlier plans to detain Khashoggi have raised questions about whether the Trump administration should have warned the journalist that he might be in danger."

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"After months of deadlock, Iraqis name new president and prime minister"

Monate nach den Parlamentswahlen haben sich die irakischen Parteien auf die Ernennung eines neuen Premierministers und eines Präsidenten geeinigt. Mustafa Salim und Tamer El-Ghobashy berichten, dass die gewohnten schiitischen, sunnitischen und kurdischen Konfliktlinien im langen Verhandlungsprozess zugunsten pragmatischer Koalitionen in den Hintergrund gerückt sind. "Within an hour of Iraq’s parliament electing veteran Kurdish politician Barham Salih as president, he announced that he had asked former oil minister Adel Abdul Mahdi to form the next government. The selection of the men showed how the sectarian loyalties in Iraq’s Kurdish, Sunni Arab and Shiite Arab communities that have prevailed since the U.S. invasion in 2003 are breaking down, giving way to more-pragmatic coalitions that cut across sectarian lines. (...) the vote left no clear winner in the ongoing tussle between Iran and the United States to place their allies in Iraq’s key political posts as Washington seeks to isolate Tehran economically and politically."

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"In a blow to the West, most Macedonians sit out vote to unlock NATO and E.U. membership"

Michael Birnbaum beurteilt das Scheitern des Referendums über einen neuen Landesnamen in Mazedonien als Niederlage für den Westen. "The hotly contested campaign was closely watched by the Kremlin and Western leaders, who saw the vote as a signal for the geopolitical direction of the Balkans at a time when Russia and NATO nations are competing fiercely for influence in Europe. (...) Western leaders had poured into Skopje in recent weeks to push for a 'yes' vote, in a measure of the stakes of the referendum. U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg were among the heavyweights who passed through. Many of them described the deal as a once-in-a-generation chance for Macedonia to join the West."

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"Bolton: U.S. forces will stay in Syria until Iran and its proxies depart"

Der Nationale Sicherheitsberater John Bolton hat den Abzug der US-Truppen aus Syrien von einem Rückzug Irans und der von Teheran unterstützten Milizen abhängig gemacht. "White House national security adviser John Bolton said Monday that the United States wouldn’t be leaving Syria so long as Iranian forces continued to operate there, suggesting the Trump administration had embraced an expanded mission in the embattled country beyond the defeat of the Islamic State. Bolton made the comments to reporters in New York ahead of President Trump’s planned speech Tuesday to the United Nations General Assembly, directly linking any future withdrawal of American troops from Syria to the departure of Iranian forces from the nation. Iran has joined Russia and the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah to back Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad in a war in its eighth year. 'We’re not going to leave as long as Iranian troops are outside Iranian borders and that includes Iranian proxies and militias,' Bolton said, according to the Associated Press."

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"Japan’s Abe finds himself on sidelines amid outreach with North Korea"

In den Staatsmedien Nordkoreas habe Japan die USA als Feindbild derzeit abgelöst, berichtet Simon Denyer. Japan sei im internationalen Verhandlungsprozess an den Rand gedrängt worden. So habe sich Premierminister Abe bisher umsonst um ein eigenes Gipfeltreffen mit Kim Jong-un bemüht. "North Korea’s propaganda machine has gone easy on the United States this year. But it has stepped up its vilification of Japan, sparing no opportunity to remind its citizens of Korea’s suffering under Japanese colonial rule in the decades before World War II. Japan, North Korean state media argues, is nothing less than 'heinous war criminal state,' populated by 'island barbarians' and led by a 'kingpin of corruption' who has done only evil deeds since taking power. The question is whether all that bluster matters. After all, the North had blasted the United States with a similar propaganda barrage for decades. But the fast-moving events this year have highlighted Japan’s outlier status as possible deals are cut and new relationships are formed. 'There is a real danger that Abe’s Japan is going to get left behind,' said Koichi Nakano, a political-science professor at Tokyo’s Sophia University."

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"Terrorism is down worldwide, but State Department says Iran maintains ‘near-global reach’"

Das US-Außenministerium wirft dem Iran in einem neuen Bericht vor, ein terroristisches Netzwerk auf nahezu globaler Ebene zu betreiben und dabei auch die USA ins Visier zu nehmen. "The annual Country Reports on Terrorism for 2017 said Iran and the proxy groups it finances were responsible for attacks or attempted attacks in the Middle East, Europe, South America and Africa. 'It brings to its terrorist activities the resources of a state,' Nathan Sales, the coordinator for counterterrorism, said in a call with reporters. 'Iran uses terrorism as a tool of its statecraft,' he added. 'It has no reservations about using that tool on any continent.' (...) Iran has been designated as a state sponsor of terrorism since 1984. It is one of four countries on the list, along with North Korea, Syria and Sudan. As evidence that Iran intended to potentially launch an attack in the United States, the report cited the arrest last summer of two men in Michigan and New York suspected of being undercover operatives for Hezbollah. Iran provides financial support to the Lebanese militant group."

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"Russia-Turkey deal may delay, but not prevent, a battle for Syria’s Idlib province"

Die russisch-türkische Vereinbarung zur Einrichtung einer Pufferzone in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz wird eine Offensive syrischer Regierungstruppen nach Ansicht einiger Experten nur verschieben. "'We definitely should not think that the Idlib deal is the ultimate deal. What we are seeing is only a measure for the time being. It is not the endgame for Idlib,' she said. 'At best, this deal postpones a potential confrontation in Idlib rather than completely eliminates the possibility of an offensive.' Unusually for Syria, however, the deal was welcomed by all sides as an opportunity to avert, at least for now, the immense suffering that a battle would inflict on the more than 3 million civilians in the northwestern province."

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"U.S.-backed forces launch what could be the last major battle against ISIS in Syria"

Die kurdische SDF-Miliz hat im Osten Syriens eine Offensive mit amerikanischer Luftunterstützung gegen die letzte syrische Bastion des "Islamischen Staates" begonnen. "Ground forces with the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces began the offensive Monday night, advancing toward the town of Hajin aided by U.S. airstrikes, U.S. and SDF officials said. Hajin is the largest town in an approximately 95-square-mile stretch of mostly desert terrain along the Euphrates River’s east bank. The conquest of this territory would mark an effective end to the Islamic State’s 'caliphate,' which at its peak in 2014-2015 spanned vast areas of Syria and Iraq. The battle, however, won’t spell an end to the threat posed by the militants, who are already regrouping in pockets of territory in Iraq and also maintain cells scattered across the vast desert area to the west of the Euphrates, which is under Syrian government control."

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"Trump administration met with, but rebuffed, Venezuelan officers who said they were plotting a coup, officials say"

Karen DeYoung und Greg Jaffe berichten, dass Vertreter der US-Regierung im vergangenen Jahr mehrfach mit rebellierenden venezolanischen Offizieren Putschpläne gegen Präsident Maduro diskutiert hätten. Die Bitte um Unterstützung sei von den US-Offiziellen allerdings abgelehnt worden. "The Trump administration met several times last year and early this year with Venezuelan military officers purporting to be dissidents plotting a coup against President Nicolás Maduro, but ultimately rebuffed their requests for assistance, according to U.S. officials. The operation was small and closely held, according to one senior official, who described the meetings as 'all listening. We listen to anyone who wants to talk to us.' (... ) Maduro has frequently accused the United States of plotting with his opponents, and of economic and actual warfare against him. The outreach by the officers 'highlighted the level of desperation' in Venezuela, and the Trump administration was eager to understand what was going on inside the armed forces, according to another person familiar with meetings."

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"Syrian rebels in Idlib target those who might surrender as government assault looms"

Radikalislamische Rebellen wollen in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz eine verhandelte Kapitulation wie in anderen Provinzen um jeden Preis verhindern, berichten Louisa Loveluck und Ghalia Al Alwani. In der Stadt Harem seien zur Abschreckung öffentliche Hinrichtungsstätten für "Verräter" errichtet worden. "As a possible showdown approaches, the rebels have arrested and tortured people they accuse of conceding defeat, sowing fear in the local population. A doctor was recently pulled from his home at night, witnesses said. A pistachio peddler was arrested as masked men patrolled the street. (...) Monitoring groups and local residents put most of the blame on HTS, formerly known as Jabhat al-Nusra, but say the Turkish-backed fighters have also arrested dozens of people."

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"Trump, McCain and the waning of the 'liberal order'"

Die Nachrufe auf John McCain sind Ishaan Tharoor zufolge zum Teil auch Nachrufe auf die Weltsicht des verstorbenen US-Senators. McCain sei zuletzt als Verteidiger der "liberalen Weltordnung" aufgetreten und habe US-Präsident Trumps neuen Kurs besonders scharf kritisiert. "As the Washington establishment mourned McCain’s passing, it became clear that it was mourning not just a man’s death, but the waning of the world he seemed to represent. The global vision championed by McCain seems to be in profound retreat. (...) In McCain’s case, his embrace of the 'liberal order' ultimately hinged on a belief in American exceptionalism and, by extension, hegemony. His support for bloody, ill-fated wars — most notably the 2003 invasion of Iraq — and his cheerleading for further interventions in the Middle East may be remembered long after we forget his advocacy for human rights."

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"End U.S. support for this misbegotten and unwinnable war"

Die Washington Post fordert in diesem Leitartikel, dass die amerikanische Unterstützung der von Saudi-Arabien angeführten Militärkoalition in Jemen eingestellt werden sollte. "Like the Obama administration before it, the Trump administration has tried to keep its distance from the Saudi campaign while simultaneously supporting it through the sales of bombs, targeting intelligence and refueling for planes. Meanwhile, a promised cakewalk — the Saudis and their United Arab Emirates allies promised to quickly defeat Houthi rebels who had driven a Saudi-backed government out of the capital — has turned into a quagmire. The tangible result has been tens of thousands of deaths and what the United Nations calls the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, with 8 million people on the brink of famine and more than 1 million infected with cholera. It is long past time to end U.S. support for this misbegotten and unwinnable war."

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"Terrorist attacks are quietly declining around the world"

Trotz aufsehenerregender Angriffe wie der jüngsten Autoattacke in London nehme die Zahl der Terroranschläge international seit 2015 stetig ab, berichtet Adam Taylor. "Right now, the number of terrorist attacks and deaths from terrorism appears to have peaked in 2014, when there were nearly 17,000 attacks and more than 45,000 victims. What explains the downward trend? In Western Europe, where the number of attacks increased slightly in 2017 — but the number of victims dropped by 65 percent — it may be matters of policing and counterintelligence. (...) On a global scale, however, the answer is clear. Though there was a surge in terrorist attacks in Europe in recent years, most attacks still occur in the Middle East and Africa, and those regions saw a big decline in 2017. (...) That can largely be attributed to the Islamic States' loss of territory and military defeats throughout 2017. Without a stable base, the number of attacks the jihadist group could stage in countries like Iraq and Syria dropped sharply, as did the damage it could inflict on civilian populations."

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"U.S. spy agencies: North Korea is working on new missiles"

Neue Satellitenaufnahmen deuten US-Geheimdiensten zufolge darauf hin, dass Nordkorea die Produktion von Interkontinentalraketen keineswegs eingestellt hat. "Newly obtained evidence, including satellite photos taken in recent weeks, indicates that work is underway on at least one and possibly two liquid-fueled ICBMs at a large research facility in Sanumdong, on the outskirts of Pyongyang, according to the officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to describe classified intelligence. The findings are the latest to show ongoing activity inside North Korea’s nuclear and missile facilities at a time when the country’s leaders are engaged in arms talks with the United States. The new intelligence does not suggest an expansion of North Korea’s capabilities but shows that work on advanced weapons is continuing weeks after President Trump declared in a Twitter posting that Pyongyang was 'no longer a Nuclear Threat.'"

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"North Korea has 2.6 million 'modern slaves,' new report estimates"

Dem von der Walk Free Foundation veröffentlichten Global Slavery Index zufolge muss jeder zehnte Nordkoreaner unter sklavenähnlichen Bedingungen arbeiten. "The report defines modern slavery as slavery itself, as well as human trafficking, forced labor, debt bondage, forced or servile marriage, and the sale and exploitation of children. The findings come amid ongoing negotiations between North Korea and the United States, as well as concurrent inter-Korean talks with South Korea. These talks have focused on denuclearization and military issues rather than human rights issues such as slavery. 'There's a strong focus on bombs and missiles, but the North Korean tragedy is much more about lost freedom through the brutal suppression of human potential,' said Andrew Forrest, founder of the Walk Free Foundation."

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"U.S. assessing cost of keeping troops in Germany as Trump battles with Europe"

Im Pentagon sind der Washington Post zufolge interne Berechnungen über die Kosten der Stationierung und eines möglichen Abzugs der etwa 35.000 US-Soldaten aus Deutschland angestellt worden. Es habe sich allerdings nur um das Ausloten möglicher Optionen gehandelt, ein tatsächlicher Abzug der Truppen sei in der Pentagon-Führung bisher kein Thema. "U.S. officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to comment on the unpublicized effort, emphasized that the exercise is limited to an internal exploration of options. The top military brass are not involved as yet, and the Pentagon has not been tasked with figuring out how to execute any option. (...) Several officials suggested that Pentagon policymakers may have moved ahead with the assessment to prove the worth of the current basing arrangement and dissuade Trump from carrying the thought of withdrawal any further. Pentagon spokesman Eric Pahon dismissed any suggestion of a full or partial withdrawal from Germany and described such analysis as routine."

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"Is Trump handing Putin a victory in Syria?"

David Ignatius zufolge deutet sich ein zwischen den USA, Russland und Israel ausgehandeltes diplomatisches "Endspiel" zur Beendigung des Syrienkonflikts an. Die US-Regierung würde sich dabei auf die Eindämmung Irans konzentrieren und die künftige Herrschaft der Assad-Regierung akzeptieren. "An intriguing aspect of the possible Syria deal is that it’s driven by close cooperation between Russia and Israel. The Israeli agenda, like Trump’s, is narrowly focused on blocking Iran — and Israelis seem to have concluded that Putin is a reliable regional partner. Israeli, European and U.S. experts outlined some likely elements of the framework. In exchange for U.S. withdrawal of its demands for a political transition in Syria, Russia will support various measures to contain Iranian power (...). Syrian opposition leaders are bitterly disappointed at the deal that’s taking shape, and one warned me that the American 'betrayal' will be an incubator for future jihadist movements."

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"If they needed to fend off war with Russia, U.S. military leaders worry they might not get there in time"

Das Pentagon beklagt Michael Birnbaum zufolge, dass US-Transporte auf ihren Routen durch Europa immer wieder durch Verkehrsprobleme und Grenzkontrollen aufgehalten werden. Im Fall eines Konflikts mit Russland könnte es demnach zu lange dauern, Truppen und Material schnell in den Osten zu verlagern. "Although many barriers would drop away if there were a declaration of war, the hazy period before a military engagement would present a major problem. NATO has just a skeleton force deployed to its member countries that share a border with Russia. Backup forces would need to traverse hundreds of miles. And the delays — a mixture of bureaucracy, bad planning and decaying infrastructure — could enable Russia to seize NATO territory in the Baltics while U.S. Army planners were still filling out the 17 forms needed to cross Germany and into Poland. During at least one White House exercise that gamed out a European war with Russia, the logistical stumbles contributed to a NATO loss."

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"The U.S. ambassador in Germany flies the Trumpist flag"

Der neue US-Botschafter in Deutschland, Richard Grenell, erweist sich Ishaan Tharoor zufolge immer mehr als idealer Vermittler der offensichtlichen Antipathie Donald Trumps gegenüber den europäischen Verbündeten. "Germany is the most populous nation in Europe, the continent's economic powerhouse and the biggest net contributor to the European Union. It has been a close American ally for decades, and the bonds between Washington and Berlin grew particularly strong in the latter years of the Obama administration, with Chancellor Angela Merkel supplanting her British counterparts to take up the mantle of the 'special relationship.' So it was always going to be interesting to see what happened when President Trump's ambassador to Germany, Richard Grenell, finally took up his post. (...) Grenell's nomination was held up for months over his combative past, and he was confirmed by the Senate only in late April. But it didn't take long for things to blow up once he reached Berlin."

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"North Korea reportedly wants a McDonald’s. That could be a pretty big deal."

Als eines der möglichen Zugeständnisse Nordkoreas in den Verhandlungen mit den USA ist die Eröffnung von McDonalds-Filialen im kommunistischen Land genannt worden. Caitlin Dewey meint, dass die Bedeutung dieses vermeintlich geringfügigen Schrittes nicht unterschätzt werden sollte. "McDonald’s has long been seen as a symbol of Western culture and capitalism — particularly in communist countries. And it’s expansion into China and Russia was seen as a landmark in the 1990s. 'This has happened with a number of different communist cultures,' said Jenny Town, a research analyst at the Stimson Center and the managing editor of 38 North, an academic news site about North Korea. 'Once they start to get different points of contact with the West, it changes their views — and it usually starts with McDonald’s or Coca-Cola.' From its earliest days, McDonald’s has been more than a fast-food restaurant. It is also a vector for American culture and a powerful symbol of globalization."

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"Syria’s army is on a path to victory after ousting rebels from Damascus"

Nach der Vertreibung der letzten Rebellen aus den Vororten von Damaskus scheine sich die syrische Armee endgültig auf dem Siegeszug zu befinden, schreibt Louisa Loveluck. "The armed opposition is now relegated to Idlib province in the north near the Turkish border and Daraa in the south near the Jordanian border. On Friday, Syrian aircraft dropped leaflets in the northern districts of Daraa, warning rebels to lay down their weapons or face an offensive there. (...) Many of the country’s traditional economic hubs are also back under the control of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s forces. The highway linking them is being rebuilt and will provide a secure route for government soldiers heading to the remaining front lines. 'The regime is not strong, but there can be no question that it is now going to take over remaining areas of Syria until it reaches the front line of zones controlled by others,' said Yezid Sayigh, a senior fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut."

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"A terrorist attack turned Charlie Hebdo into a revered institution it never sought to be"

Mehr als drei Jahre nach dem Anschlag von Al-Qaida-Terroristen auf die Redaktion von Charlie Hebdo sei aus dem französischen Satire-Magazin eine kulturelle Institution geworden, schreibt James McAuley. "The current edition portrays 19-year-old Maryam Pougetoux, a student union leader who appeared on television earlier this month wearing a veil, as a monkey in a hijab. For Muslim readers and others angered by the magazine’s portrayals, however, the problem is that the national reverence for Charlie Hebdo undermines any counterarguments. (...) 'Since they were attacked, and the murders that happened at Charlie Hebdo, they have had a Republican shield,' [Marwan Muhammad, a Muslim community organizer,] said. 'Every time you want to criticize them, you’re told, 'They’ve paid the price of blood. Let them do as they please.'' In a sense, Muhammad said, such attitudes destroy the same ideal of free expression that Charlie Hebdo stands for."

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"Trump’s decision to blow up the Iran deal is a massive attack on Europe"

Der frühere schwedische Premierminister Carl Bildt charakterisiert die Aufkündigung des internationalen Atomabkommens mit dem Iran durch US-Präsident Trump als "massiven Angriff" auf die Souveränitätsrechte anderer Staaten und insbesondere Europas. "The president has now directed maximum economic sanctions to be applied. But with few exceptions (Boeing is the one of significance), these sanctions don’t really affect American business or activities. They have already, in one way or the other, been blocked from business with Iran. Instead, the brunt of the sanctions offensive directly affects business in Europe. For instance, in a tweet, the new U.S. ambassador to Germany was quick to give orders to German companies on how they should behave. This is nothing less than a massive assault on the sovereignty of European states and the European Union. They are deprived of their right to decide on their policies and actions by brutal dictates from a foreign — and allegedly friendly — country. This is utterly unacceptable from a European point of view, as well as a violation of the preaching of Trump himself. It relegates Europe to just abiding by and implementing policies with which it profoundly disagrees."

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"My journey to Raqqa, the former ISIS stronghold in Syria"

Tamer El-Ghobashy berichtet in dieser Reportage über seine Reise in die frühere syrische Hochburg des "Islamischen Staates". "Raqqa city was once a bustling capital of the verdant province of the same name, fought over intensely by the major players in Syria's ruinous seven-year civil war. During that time, Raqqa has changed hands three times; wrested from the Syrian government by rebels first, then taken from the rebels by Islamic State militants, who declared it their capital city. Most recently, Kurdish and Arab fighters, calling themselves the Syrian Democratic Forces and backed by heavy American air power and Special Forces, routed the militants and, in the process, leveled the city. Now, none but Raqqa's people seem to want it."

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"The British ambassador to the U.S. thinks Trump won’t gut the Iran deal"

Der britische Botschafter in Washington, Kim Darroch, glaubt offenbar immer noch, dass US-Präsident Trump davon überzeugt werden kann, das Atomabkommen mit dem Iran nicht aufzukündigen. "On Sunday, Darroch said that Britain has some ideas for addressing Trump's concerns. 'We think that we can find some language, produce some action that meets the president’s concerns,' he said, noting that his team was working closely with France and Germany, other advocates of the deal. Darroch also told Brennan that Trump and British Prime Minister Theresa May spoke Saturday, and that Trump told May 'a final decision hasn't yet been taken.' Darroch said he would personally lobby national security adviser John Bolton, as well. (...) It is unclear what those fixes will look like. In the past, European negotiators have said that there are opportunities to tweak the deal so that missile tests are limited and banned. They're also open to pushing Iran to agree to give inspectors unfettered access to Iranian military bases. It's unclear whether Iran would agree to those terms."

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"How foreign leaders sweet-talk Trump"

Im Gegensatz zu anderen Regierungschefs sei es Südkoreas Präsident Moon Jae-in und Israels Premierminister Netanjahu gelungen, den US-Präsidenten erfolgreich zu beeinflussen, schreibt Adam Taylor. Auch die Präsentation iranischer Geheimdokumente durch Netanjahu habe sich vor allem an Donald Trump gerichtet. "(...) Netanyahu wasn't aiming for experts. His visual aids seemed tailor-made for a president whose love of maps and charts is well known. (...) Netanyahu is not the only world leader doing a good job of influencing U.S. leadership. In South Korea, President Moon Jae-in has overcome numerous ideological differences with his American counterpart to become a key partner in the push to defuse tensions with North Korea. He has followed a strategy similar to Netanyahu's: Rather than trying to win over an entire government with facts and figures, just aim straight for Trump."

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"White House ignores executive order requiring count of civilian casualties in counterterrorism strikes"

Das Weiße Haus hat in diesem Jahr versäumt, eine jährliche Aufstellung über die zivilen Opfer der amerikanischen Antiterror-Luftschläge im Ausland herauszugeben. Greg Jaffe zufolge ist dies kein Zufall: "The mandate for the report, which was due May 1, was established by former president Barack Obama in 2016 as part of a broader effort to lift the veil of secrecy surrounding drone operations in places such as Yemen, Somalia and Libya. The White House has not formally rescinded the Obama-era executive order but has chosen not to comply with some aspects of it. (...) The decision on the civilian casualty report is part of a broader shift in U.S. counterterrorism policy to withhold more information about U.S. drone strikes and the rules governing them, reversing Obama-era policies dating to 2013."

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"CIA Director Pompeo met with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un over Easter weekend"

Der noch amtierende CIA-Direktor Mike Pompeo ist zur Vorbereitung des Gipfeltreffens zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong Un über Ostern in streng geheimer Mission nach Nordkorea gereist und hat dort den nordkoreanischen Staatschef getroffen. "The extraordinary meeting between one of Trump’s most trusted emissaries and the authoritarian head of a rogue state was part of an effort to lay the groundwork for direct talks between Trump and Kim about North Korea’s nuclear weapons program, according to the two people, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the highly classified nature of the talks. The clandestine mission, which has not previously been reported, came soon after Pompeo was nominated to be secretary of state."

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"Turkey to Syrian refugees: You don’t have to go home, but don’t stay here"

Die Türkei hat Erin Cunningham und Zakaria Zakaria zufolge damit begonnen, Flüchtlinge aus Syrien zur Rückkehr in ihre Heimat zu bewegen. "The Turkish public has soured on their presence, citing cultural differences and competition for jobs, and so in recent weeks, officials have started urging refugees to go home. That abrupt reversal is unsettling many Syrian refugees, leaving them afraid for the future they dreamed of in Turkey. Turkish military victories in northern Syria have opened the possibility that refugees could go back to their homeland, but many are wary of returning to a country wrecked by a war that is not yet even finished."

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"Rebels in the Central African Republic are filling the void of an absent government"

Die nicht abnehmende Gewalt in der Zentralafrikanischen Republik sei auch eine Folge der Unfähigkeit der Regierung in Bangui, das Land effektiv zu regieren, schreibt Jack Losh. Viele Rebellengruppen seien in dieses Machtvakuum vorgestoßen und sorgten in ihren Einflussgebieten oft zumindest ansatzweise für staatliche Strukturen. "Kaga-Bandoro has, for years, shunned central authority. But even in this anarchic space, rebels here and elsewhere throughout the country are providing some show of statehood. The ruling militants run customs, charge taxes, give out fines and operate their own gendarmes. 'The region has government ministries, but all the staff are in Bangui,' said an aid worker in Kaga-Bandoro who spoke on the condition of anonymity out of fear for his safety. 'They get their salary still but can’t do anything here.' These are central Africa’s ministates — overlapping and unrecognized fiefdoms in a Texas-size country riven by disorder, situated in one of the world’s worst neighborhoods. These lawless territories are extremely volatile and controlled by violent groups prone to infighting. With the country surrounded by Islamist insurgencies and other conflicts in Chad, South Sudan and Congo, the spillover from these badlands can fuel — and be fueled by — the region’s chronic instability."

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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