US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Independent


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"Trump aide John Bolton reveals notepad reading '5,000 troops to Colombia', as US announces fresh Venezuela sanctions"

John Bolton, Nationaler Sicherheitsberater im Weißen Haus, hat während einer Pressekonferenz scheinbar zufällig eine Notiz enthüllt, die vermuten lassen könnte, dass die US-Regierung die Verlegung von 5.000 Soldaten nach Kolumbien für einen späteren Einsatz in Venezuela plant. "The Pentagon has not announced any plans to send US troops to Colombia. When asked to explain the words in Mr Bolton’s notepad, the White House said that 'as the president has said, all options are on the table'. Colombia said it could not explain the provocative note. Foreign minister Carlos Holmes said he did not know the 'importance and reason' for Mr Bolton flashing it and added that Colombia planned to continue 'acting politically and diplomatically' in relation to its neighbour."

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"'Colombia of Europe': How tiny Albania became the continent’s drug trafficking headquarters"

Albanien könne heute mit einiger Berechtigung als "Narco-Staat" und als Drogen-Hauptquartier Europas bezeichnet werden, schreibt Borzou Daragahi in seiner Reportage für den Independent. "Albanian gangs are considered among the world’s top heroin, cocaine and cannabis traffickers. Both US and European law enforcement officials have described Albania as the largest provider of cannabis to the EU, as well as an important transit point for heroin and cocaine. Based on the value of drug seizures, some estimate that the marijuana alone generates up to $4bn (£3bn) a year, half of Albania’s GDP. (...) In just a few years, say diplomats and officials, Albania has become the narcotics trafficking headquarters of the continent, and many fear the money has thoroughly infected the political elite, making it harder to shake off even with the lure of EU membership. 'It’s the Colombia of Europe,' said one Western diplomat. 'It’s the drug producer and distributor of Europe. It is a narco-state, and they’d lose too much money getting out of trafficking to get into the EU.'"

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"Tulsi Gabbard: Democrat rising star, presidential hopeful and defender of dictators"

Richard Hall und Andrew Buncombe halten Tulsi Gabbard dagegen für eine "kontroverse" Präsidentschaftskandidatin, da sich die Kongressabgeordnete mit Syriens Präsident Assad und Ägyptens Staatschef al-Sisi getroffen habe und Diktaturen im Nahen Osten unterstütze. "In an effort to burnish her foreign policy credentials, she has taken a proactive approach to international diplomacy that has brought her into contact with some prolific human-rights abusers. Not only that, she has often found common cause with them. Evan Hill, writing in The Nation, succinctly described her foreign policy as 'a Trumpism of the left that would restore the Middle East’s dictators club as long as it benefits the United States'."

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"'We are the ones who are made to suffer': South Sudan sees ‘shocking’ number of women and girls raped in continuing civil war"

Das Ausmaß sexueller Gewalt im Bürgerkrieg Südsudans habe "schockierende" Ausmaße angenommen, berichtet Kim Sengupta in seiner Reportage aus Malakal. "'We fetch the water, we fetch the food, we fetch the firewood, and we get attacked when we are doing that, we are shown no mercy,' Dominica reflected. 'It is the men who start the fighting and we live with the damage, I don’t know if that will ever change'. The 49-year-old mother of six children was speaking at a refugee centre in one of the few 'safe spaces' for women amid a conflict in South Sudan which has become particularly notorious for the shocking volume of sexual violence, with rape being used with seeming impunity as a weapon of war. (...) Rape has been a terrible factor in many wars. But there is recognition that it is an endemic problem in both Sudan and South Sudan."

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"Donald Trump's actions in the Middle East will damage his position far more than the Russia probe ever could"

Patrick Cockburn meint, dass die Nahost-Strategie von Präsident Trump dessen politische Position in Washington weitaus mehr gefährde als die Ermittlungen zu Trumps angeblichen Russland-Verbindungen. "Just for once, Trump’s highly developed survival instincts may be at fault. His close alliance with Saudi Arabia and escalating confrontation with Iran is the most radical new departure in Trump’s foreign policy. (...) The White House evidently calculates that if it draws out the crisis by systematic delaying tactics, it will eventually disappear from the top of the news agenda. This is not a stupid strategy, but it may not work in present circumstances because the Saudi authorities are too inept – some would say too guilty – to produce a plausible cover story. The mystery of Khashoggi’s disappearance is too compelling for the media to abandon and give up the the chase for the culprits. Above all, the anti-Trump portion of the US media and the Democrats smell political blood and sense that the Khashoggi affair is doing the sort of serious damage to the Trump presidency that never really happened with the Russian probe."

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"Idlib: Residents of last rebel stronghold declare their hatred for all sides in Syria's civil war"

Viele Zivilisten in Idlib distanzieren sich dieser Reportage von Patrick Cockburn zufolge von allen Konfliktparteien in der syrischen Provinz. "'People in Idlib hate all those with power over them,' says Ahmad Abu Omar, 33, a history teacher living in the province, the last opposition enclave in the west of Syria. He says that the three million people of Idlib fear a return of government forces, but are almost equally hostile to the armed opposition groups now ruling Idlib because they have spread violence and chaos. He sees Turkey and Russia, who this week started implementing their ceasefire agreement to prevent a government offensive into the province, as acting solely in their own interests. Abu Omar, in an exclusive interview with The Independent from Idlib city via Whatsapp, describes the mood as war weary and disillusioned."

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"How the disappearance of a journalist and a humiliating remark by Trump shows Saudi Arabia's weakness"

Patrick Cockburn meint, dass die für Saudi-Arabien wenig schmeichelhafte Bemerkung Donald Trumps, dass das Königshaus ohne amerikanischen Schutz innerhalb von zwei Wochen kollabieren würde, durch das Verschwinden des regimekritischen Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi größere Bedeutung erhalten habe. "The fate of Khashoggi, whatever the outcome of the present furore, carries an important message about the present state of Saudi Arabia. If he has been forcibly detained, as the Turkish government says, then it is a self-harming act of stupidity. It elevates him from being a minor irritant to a cause célèbre and a continuing mystery about his whereabouts ensures that the story is not going to go away. (...) The list of failures is impressive: Saudi-led bombing in Yemen since 2015 has not defeated the Houthis, but it has produced the greatest manmade famine on earth; increased help for the Syrian armed opposition the same year provoked Russian military intervention and has brought President Bashar al-Assad close to victory; the quarrel with Qatar has weakened all the Gulf monarchies; confrontation with Iran is a conflict that can never be won. As Mikhail Gorbachev discovered after the first heady days of trying to change the Soviet Union, reforms are more likely to capsize an existing systems of government than improve it."

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"Two-state solution: What is the answer to the Israel-Palestine conflict Donald Trump allegedly favours?"

US-Präsident Trump hat angekündigt, in seinen Bemühungen um eine Beilegung des Nahostkonflikts nun doch eine Zweistaatenlösung anzustreben. Joe Sommerlad zufolge will Trump innerhalb der kommenden vier Monate einen entsprechenden Plan vorlegen. "Quite what form Mr Trump's eventual plan will take remains unknown but American relations with the Palestinian camp will need to improve drastically before he has any realistic hope of achieving his stated aim and succeeding where so many before him have failed."

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"What becomes of the jihadi orphans?"

Bel Trew hat ein Waisenhaus in Mossul im Norden Iraks besucht und Kinder von getöteten IS-Kämpfern getroffen, die von Verwandten aufgrund ihrer Herkunft abgelehnt worden sind. "Isis conscripted thousands of children into its ranks, often forcing them to fight, take part in extrajudicial executions and even be suicide bombers. In Mosul, residents told The Independent how the group targeted children and youths with propaganda campaigns at 'media points' throughout the city that played videos on loop glorifying slaughter and battles. The orphanage’s team, which includes psychologists, monitors newcomers for a month and then puts the children through a psychosocial support programme. Bed-wetting, anger issues, muteness, violence and sleeplessness are common. 'Some are very aggressive and refuse to come to class, some do not want to eat,' Abdullah continues. 'The children who have been brainwashed refuse to participate in the parties or games we organise because they believe they are forbidden. It’s tough work undoing the damage.'"

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"How British prisons became a breeding ground for Islamist extremism"

Eine neue Untersuchung bestätigt Lizzie Dearden zufolge, dass Kriminelle und Extremisten in britischen Gefängnissen häufig zusammenfinden und einen gefährlichen "Nährboden" für den radikalislamischen Extremismus bilden. "The government has been intensifying efforts to prevent jihadis from spreading their influence on the inside, and monitor them when they are freed, but the methods have not been tested. Rajan Basra, a research fellow at the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR) at King’s College London, said it was 'very difficult to gauge what’s happening inside prisons'. The academic, who has carried out research on the interplay between criminality and terrorism across Europe, said Britain is among several countries working to disperse low-level terror offenders throughout jails, while putting the most dangerous prisoners in separation units. 'We are seeing a great experiment take place where we’ve got more extremists behind bars than ever before, they’re often on pretty short sentences and no one knows what is the most effective way of managing them,' Mr Basra told The Independent."

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"British public to be given knife, bomb and shooting first aid training for terror attacks"

Die britische Regierung plant dem Independent zufolge, Erste-Hilfe-Kurse mit besonderem Augenmerk auf Verletzungen durch Terroranschläge anzubieten. "Members of the public will be trained to treat victims of terror attacks in the aftermath of incidents, under a nationwide programme launched by the police, The Independent can reveal. With security sources continuing to warn of an unprecedented threat, the first aid courses will focus on wounds caused by bombings, shootings and knife attacks. Defence minister Tobias Ellwood, who attempted to save the life of the police officer killed in last year’s Westminster attack, this week called for members of the public to 'step forward' during incidents."

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"Battle for Syria's last major rebel bastion on hold as Putin and Erdogan meet to discuss next moves"

Borzou Daragahi berichtet über die Versuche von Präsident Erdogan und Präsident Putin, im Streit um die Zukunft der syrischen Idlib-Provinz doch noch eine gemeinsame Position zu finden. Die zuletzt verstärkten türkischen Stützpunkte in Idlib könnten demnach von syrischen Regierungstruppen leicht überrannt werden. Ankara habe allerdings mit seinen Gegenmaßnahmen die geopolitischen Kosten einer Offensive zur Rückeroberung der Provinz erhöht. "In addition to a possible confrontation between pro-Assad forces and Turkey, Idlib could be the flashpoint for a conflict with jihadi forces that dominate parts of the province. In recent days, al-Qaeda’s international supporters on social media have also blasted fellow jihadis in Idlib for allowing Turkey to dispatch armoured vehicles and trucks carrying tanks into Syria, as depicted in videos posted on social media. A 13 September statement signed by 15 prominent al-Qaeda supporters questioned Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), the jihadi group that is a dominant player in Idlib, for granting Turkey access to the province. [Nawar Oliver, a Syria specialist at the Omran Institute for Strategic Studies,] suggested Turkey could be bolstering the observation points for fear of attacks by jihadis as well as to stymie Damascus’s offensive. 'The internal problems for Idlib are huge,' he said. 'We are talking about an area that has FSA factions, HTS, you have Isis cells, you have other small entities.'"

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"9/11 anniversary: Rare images show aftermath of World Trade Center attack that killed 2,997"

17 Jahre nach den Anschlägen des 11. Septembers 2001 veröffentlicht der Independent Archivbilder von den unmittelbaren Nachwirkungen des Angriffs. "The worst domestic attack the US had ever experienced, it directly led to then-President George Bush launching the 'War on Terror', which continues to have ramifications today. The Independent is now publishing archive images showing the immediate aftermath of the attacks."​

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"The major uprising in Basra and southern Iraq is what the world should be worrying about in the Middle East right now"

Die aktuellen Proteste im Süden Iraks könnten eine schwere innenpolitische Krise auslösen und sollten auch im Westen stärker beachtet werden, meint Patrick Cockburn. "The current protests in Iraq are the most serious seen in the country for years, and are taking place at the heart of some of the world’s largest oilfields. The Iraqi government headquarters in Basra was set ablaze, as were the offices of those parties and militias blamed by local people for their wretched living conditions. (...) Iraq has once again fallen off the media map at the very moment when it is being engulfed by a crisis that could destabilise the whole country. The disinterest of foreign governments and news outlets has ominous parallels with their comatose posture five years ago when they ignored the advance of Isis before it captured Mosul. President Obama even dismissed, in words he came to regret, Isis as resembling a junior basketball team playing out of their league."

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"Even the White Helmets have been rescued from Syria – so are we about to see the final battle of the war?"

Robert Fisk erwartet, dass der Krieg in Syrien mit der zu erwartenden Schlacht um die Rebellenprovinz Idlib in seine abschließende Phase treten wird. Hier hätten sich in den letzten Monaten viele extremistische Kämpfer versammelt, die sich nach Niederlagen in anderen Teilen des Landes für einen kampflosen Rückzug entschieden hätten. Dieser Ausgang der Kämpfe erscheine diesmal unwahrscheinlich. "Certainly, Nusrah’s siege of the government-held Jisr al-Shugour military hospital in Idlib – and the massacre of many of its army defenders and their families three years ago – is unlikely to be forgotten when the last battle begins. Moscow is not going to welcome any Islamists 'home' to Chechnya. And Ankara will not want to scatter Idlib’s veterans across the plains of Anatolia (...). Certainly, the west won’t want the detritus of the Islamist army which it helped to arm. Political asylum for the White Helmets is likely to be the full extent of its generosity, along with the usual aid to refugees. (...) So if they won’t surrender militarily, can the Idlib 'rebels' be bought off? Not least by the Arab nations which supported them in the first place. These are early days. But all wars come to an end. And that’s where history restarts."

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"A Bosnian signs off weapons he says are going to Saudi Arabia – but how did his signature turn up in Aleppo?"

Zufällig gefundene Dokumente in Ost-Aleppo vermitteln Robert Fisk zufolge einen Eindruck davon, auf welchen Wegen Waffen aus Bosnien über Saudi-Arabien in die Hände extremistischer Gruppen in Syrien gelangt sind. "Five-hundred mortars is a massive shipment of weapons – most European armies don’t have that many in their individual inventories – and some of them at least appear to have ended up in the hands of Bashar al-Assad’s Islamist Nusrah Front/al-Qaeda enemies in northern Syria within six months of their dispatch from Bosnia 1,200 miles away. Because the mortars left Bosnia on 15 January 2016 under a BNT-TMiH factory guarantee for 24 months - numbered 779 and with a weapons series number of 3677 - the documents now in The Independent’s possession must have reached Aleppo by late July of 2016, when Syrian government troops totally surrounded the enclave held by armed factions including Nusrah, Isis and other Islamist groups condemned as 'terrorists' by the United States. (...) These papers, some of them lying amid smashed guns and pieces of shrapnel, provide the most intriguing paper trail yet discovered of just who is producing the weapons that have armed the Assad regime’s most ferocious Islamist opponents – and how they apparently reach the fighters of Syria via countries ‘friendly’ to the west."

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"Syria conflict: After series of calamitous defeats, is Isis about to lose its last town?"

Patrick Cockburn berichtet über die Kämpfe um die Stadt Hajin, die letzte große IS-Hochburg in Syrien. "The town is the last stronghold of the Islamic State, the militarised Islamic cult that three years ago controlled territory the size of Great Britain. The struggle for Hajin comes exactly a year after Isis suffered a decisive defeat with the capture of Mosul on 10 July 2017 by Iraqi forces backed by a US-led coalition. Multiple anti-Isis forces are now closing in on Hajin, which is on the east bank of the Euphrates in Deir ez-Zor province, says a local eyewitness who spoke to The Independent after escaping to Kurdish-held territory."

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"For this Iraqi tribe massacred by Isis, fear of the group's return is a constant reality"

Patrick Cockburn berichtet im zweiten Teil einer neuen Artikelserie über einen Stamm im Westen Iraks, der durch den "Islamischen Staat" fast ausgerottet worden sei. "They faced thousands of better armed Isis fighters. When resistance finally collapsed in October 2014 those who could not flee fast enough 'were slaughtered, many of them elderly, disabled or very young children. They even killed our farm animals.' There is little violence today in Hit, a city with a population of 90,000 people. But the hatred and fear generated by the savage rule of Isis still divides its people. Borhan Khalil, a local journalist, says that 'there is still this division between pro- and anti-Isis families'. Foreign fighters may have belonged to Isis, but the great majority were locals and longtime neighbours of those they killed."

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"Amid a fractured political and military landscape, Isis are quietly regrouping in Syria"

Die offiziell bereits besiegte Terrormiliz "Islamischer Staat" bereite ihre "Comeback" in Syrien vor, berichtet Kim Sengupta aus dem türkischen Urfa. "The return of the jihadists, once supposedly comprehensively defeated, is taking place amid rapidly changing dynamics. The Independent has spoken to Syrian and Kurdish militias, and Western and Turkish officials who have provided a complex canvas of manoeuvrings by groups on both sides of the conflict: shifting alliances and betrayals which have helped the resurgence of the most bloodthirsty of Islamist terrorist groups. There are believed to be between 8,000 to 10,000 Isis fighters remaining in Syria and Iraq. (...) 'We kept on being told by the Western countries how Daesh (Isis) has been beaten, finished, that it was all over,' said Sami Abdullah Abdo, a rebel fighter who had fought against Isis with a number of rebel battalions, including Ahrar al-Sham. 'But we who are on the ground could see that was not the case. So many of them got away, with their cars, their weapons: now Daesh are here again. Conditions have changed and they are using this, doing well and increasing power.'"

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"'If US and North Korea can, why not India and Pakistan?' Could Trump-Kim summit inspire wave of unlikely peace talks?"

Das Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Kong-un wird in Pakistan als mögliches Modell für neue Gespräche mit dem Erzfeind Indien betrachtet, berichtet Adam Withnall. "If historic enemies like the US and North Korea can come together to forge a fresh start after months of escalating threats, what is there to stop any other bickering countries in the world from burying their own differences? That’s the message from a senior politician in Pakistan, who suggested the summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un in Singapore could be a model for new talks with India. (...) Mr Sharif’s statement appeared 'more rhetorical than practical', Dr Jagannath Panda, research fellow at the India-based Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, told The Independent. While a 'constructive dialogue' would be equally valuable in the India-Pakistan case, Dr Panda said, it was unrealistic to collate the two crises."

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"US, Britain and France inflicted worst destruction 'in decades' killing civilians in Isis-held city of Raqqa, report says"

Amnesty International wirft den USA und ihren Verbündeten in einem neuen Bericht vor, im Kampf um die damalige syrische IS-Hochburg Raqqa im vergangenen Jahr verheerende Luftangriffe mit unpräzisen Waffen durchgeführt zu haben. Damit widerspricht die Organisation Patrick Cockburn zufolge den offiziellen Angaben, IS-Positionen seien während der Belagerung nur gezielt angegriffen worden sind. "'On the ground in Raqqa we witnessed a level of destruction comparable to anything we have seen in decades of covering the impact of wars,' says Donatella Rovera, a senior crisis response adviser at Amnesty. She says that the coalition’s claim that it had conducted a precision bombing campaign that caused few civilian casualties does not stand up to scrutiny. She quotes a senior US military officer as saying that 'more artillery shells were launched into Raqqa than anywhere since the end of the Vietnam war'."

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"Why Arkady Babchenko's strange resurrection is a PR gift for the Kremlin"

Die Ukraine habe Russland mit der vorgetäuschten Ermordung des Journalisten Arkady Babchenko einen Propagandasieg verschafft, stellt Oliver Carroll fest. "This was, after all, a country that had claimed to be somehow more truthful than its eastern neighbour. There may well be serious evidence to come out of this as-yet-unclear special operation. But the fake story has other, rather more obvious consequences. First, journalists will no longer accept Ukrainian official statements on face value. This is good practice anyway, given the increasingly creative endeavours emerging from the government in Kiev. Second, news of threats to journalists will now be doubted at every turn. As foreign correspondent Lindsey Hilsum tweeted: 'Thanks, Ukrainian security services. That’s really helpful to all who care about journalists’ safety.' Third, the Kremlin has a new get-out-of-jail-free card: Ukraine is now a storyteller; nothing that comes out of Ukraine is really how it seems; everything Ukraine says is to show Russia in a bad light."

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"Battle for Hodeidah: How the destruction of one Yemen port could send millions into famine"

Die von Saudi-Arabien angeführte Militärkoalition könnte demnächst die Hafenstadt Hodeidah in Jemen unter ihre Kontrolle bringen. Experten warnen Bethan McKernan zufolge, dass die Art und Weise der wohl bevorstehenden Kämpfe weitreichende Folgen für die Bevölkerung und den Krieg haben könnte. "Hodeidah is Yemen’s lifeline. Even before the war, it handled most imports in a country where a staggering 90 per cent of food had to be imported. Seized by the Iran-backed Houthis early in the now three-year-old war, the city has been subject to a Saudi-led coalition blockade since 2015, which humanitarian organisations say is largely responsible for the fact eight million Yemenis are now living on the brink of famine. A total sealing off of the port in November 2017 – retaliation for a Houthi ballistic missile that landed near the Saudi capital of Riyadh – is estimated to have pushed an additional 3.2 million people into hunger, the World Food Programme says. (...) The Arab coalition, which has been criticised over the unnecessary loss of civilian life in bombing campaigns in other Houthi areas, is well aware the international community is watching the Hodeidah offensive. 'It is in the coalition’s interests to make sure Hodeidah isn't destroyed,' said [Adam Baron, a visiting fellow with the European Council for Foreign Relations (ECFR)]. 'They used to be able to blame the Houthis in control of the city for aid flow problems. If they’re in charge, it will be on them.' The port must remain open at all costs, [Bhanu Bhatnagar, a Save the Children spokesperson,] said."

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"British police could be 'routinely armed' to respond to terror threat in rural areas"

Die britische Polizei könnte sich angesichts der Terrorgefahr zumindest in bestimmten Teilen des Landes bald von ihrer Tradition unbewaffneter Beamter verabschieden. "Police chiefs said the radical step is being considered for areas that cannot be reached quickly enough by dedicated armed response vehicles (ARVs), after it emerged that a government recruitment target has been missed. The controversial prospect of arming officers in remote areas, or giving then easy access to guns, will be opposed by many and prompt concerns that core principles of British policing are being undermined."

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"John Bolton could face the same fate as Steve Bannon now Kim Jong-un is threatening to pull out of his meeting with Trump"

Der Nationale Sicherheitsberater im Weißen Haus John Bolton hat mit seiner Forderung, dass eine atomare Abrüstung Nordkoreas nach dem Vorbild Libyens erfolgen müsse, eine scharfe Reaktion Pjöngjangs hervorgerufen. Kim Sengupta schreibt, dass Bolton möglicherweise versuche, Präsident Trump in eine bestimmte Richtung zu lenken und eine Art "Schattenpräsident" zu werden. Der Fall Steve Bannons zeige, wie solche Manöver enden könnten. "Trump genuinely seems to believe that a North Korea deal would get him the Nobel Peace Prize. This is something that Pyongyang seems to have realised, pointedly stating that if the Bolton approach scuppers the deal then Trump 'will be recorded as a more tragic and unsuccessful president than his predecessors, far from his initial ambition to make an unprecedented success'. Overplaying his hand, Bolton may find, could mean that he suffers the same fate as Bannon, sinking back into the shadows rather than becoming the 'shadow president' of the US, wielding real power behind the scenes."

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"Metropolitan Police's facial recognition technology 98% inaccurate, figures show"

Das von der Londoner Polizei verwendete System zur Gesichtserkennung hat sich Jon Sharman zufolge offenbar als ungeeignet herausgestellt. "The Metropolitan Police’s system has produced 104 alerts of which only two were later confirmed to be positive matches, a freedom of information request showed. In its response the force said it did not consider the inaccurate matches 'false positives' because alerts were checked a second time after they occurred. (...) The system used by another force, South Wales Police, has returned more than 2,400 false positives in 15 deployments since June 2017. The vast majority of those came during that month’s Uefa Champion’s League final in Cardiff, and overall only 234 alerts – fewer than 10 per cent – were correct matches. (...) Campaigners said the 'intrinsically Orwellian' facial recognition software should be scrapped, while a senior academic warned that governments faced 'grave challenges' in preventing potential abuse of the technology."

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"Trump made a savvy psychological evaluation of Kim Jong-un – so should we trust his judgment on Iran?"

Mary Dejevsky meint, dass sich die aggressive Strategie von US-Präsident Trump im Fall Nordkorea als durchaus effektiv herausgestellt habe. Es sei jedoch fraglich, ob dieser Ansatz gegenüber dem Iran ebenso erfolgreich sein werde. "Before Trump, successive US presidents had tried to defuse tensions on the Korean peninsula with varying degrees of success. But none were willing to take the triple gamble that Trump took: first, that the aggressive bark of the young North Korean leader disguised a far weaker bite; second, that the nuclear belligerence was born not of strength, but of insecurity; and third, that what young Kim was after above all was acceptance for himself and his country, and that he would be prepared to make significant concessions for that. (...) Before Trump is fast-tracked (courtesy of Boris Johnson) to a Nobel peace prize, however, for services to detente in Northeast Asia, there is another example of Trump’s instinctive diplomacy that has to be considered, and here – to put it mildly – the outlook does not look so good. (...) if the model for Pyongyang is no longer a compliant Iran, but an Iran that feels it has no alternative but to resume its nuclear ambitions, all prospect of that Nobel peace prize will be lost. Showmanship may be part of being an effective American president, but judgement belongs in the equation, too, and a sound reading of North Korea will not, by itself, be enough."

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"We should be sceptical of far-away governments who claim to know what is happening on the ground in Syria"

Patrick Cockburn, Nahostkorrespondent des Independent, erinnert an frühere Narrative zu Ereignissen in Irak, die sich manchmal erst Jahre später als falsch herausgestellt hätten. Kritische Analysen oder Zweifel an offiziellen Darstellungen westlicher Regierungen seien auch im Fall Irak oft angegriffen, diskreditiert und denunziert worden. Dies wiederhole sich nun im Fall Syrien. "There is much tut-tutting in Britain by the commentariat about the spread of authoritarianism in the Middle East and Eastern Europe, but less so about the growing limitation on what can be freely expressed at home. Increasingly, anything less than full endorsement of the government line about the poisoning of the Skripals in Salisbury or the suspected gas attack on civilians in Douma in Syria is characterised as support for Putin or Assad. (...) None of the arguments currently being used in Britain and the US to smear those sceptical of the governmental and media consensus are new. The Bolsheviks used to denounce people who said or did things they did not like as 'objectively' being fascists or counter-revolutionaries. When those being denounced, often only a preliminary to being shot, replied that they were no such thing, the Bolsheviks would reply: 'tell us who supports you and we will tell you who you are'. In other words, the only thing that matters is what side you are on."

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"The search for truth in the rubble of Douma – and one doctor’s doubts over the chemical attack"

Robert Fisk, Nahost-Korrespondent des Independent, ist mit weiteren internationalen Journalisten in die syrische Stadt Douma gereist. Neben widersprüchlichen Aussagen syrischer Zivilisten über den mutmaßlichen Chemiewaffeneinsatz berichtet er über den Zustand der Stadt nach den langen Kämpfen und Luftangriffen. "How could it be that Douma refugees who had reached camps in Turkey were already describing a gas attack which no-one in Douma today seemed to recall? It did occur to me, once I was walking for more than a mile through these wretched prisoner-groined tunnels, that the citizens of Douma lived so isolated from each other for so long that 'news' in our sense of the word simply had no meaning to them. Syria doesn’t cut it as Jeffersonian democracy – as I cynically like to tell my Arab colleagues – and it is indeed a ruthless dictatorship, but that couldn’t cow these people, happy to see foreigners among them, from reacting with a few words of truth. So what were they telling me? They talked about the Islamists under whom they had lived. They talked about how the armed groups had stolen civilian homes to avoid the Syrian government and Russian bombing. The Jaish el-Islam had burned their offices before they left, but the massive buildings inside the security zones they created had almost all been sandwiched to the ground by air strikes."

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"Syria air strikes: Only a quarter of Britons back Theresa May's decision to launch military operations against the Assad regime, new poll reveals"

Nur ein Viertel der Briten unterstützen einer Umfrage zufolge die britische Beteiligung an den Raketenangriffen in Syrien. "The survey was carried out during days in which Ms May made the case for action in response to the alleged chemical weapons attack in Douma during a repeatedly broadcast interview, but it seems to have had little impact. Asked to what extent people would back 'UK forces conducting targeted air or missile strikes on Syrian government military targets', just 28 per cent supported them, while 36 per cent opposed, 26 per cent neither opposed nor supported the strikes and 11 per cent did not know. (...) the BMG poll results could temper Ms May’s approach, as she now faces having to spend political capital to justify the attacks in the Commons – where some Tories and Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn were angry at being denied a vote in advance of the strikes."

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Publikationen zum Thema

Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

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