US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Independent


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"Salisbury poisoning: UK experts cannot prove novichok nerve agent used on Skripals came from Russia, MoD says"

Den britischen Experten des militärischen Chemielabors Porton Down ist es bisher nicht gelungen, die Herkunft des beim Angriff auf den Ex-Doppelagenten Sergej Skripal verwendeten Nervengiftes nachzuweisen. "The admission comes the day before Moscow convenes an emergency meeting of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in The Hague in which it is expected to demand access to samples from the Salisbury poisoning for analysis by Russian scientists. Russia’s embassy in London responded that Porton Down’s assessment 'proves that all political declarations on the Russian origin of the crime are nothing but assumptions not stemming from objective facts or the course of the investigation'."

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"Diplomatic hostility towards Russia will 'erode away' within months, says former British ambassador"

Der frühere britische Botschafter in Moskau Tony Brenton ist sicher, dass sich die diplomatischen Beziehungen zwischen Russland und dem Westen innerhalb weniger Monate wieder normalisieren werden. "'These high-level freezes tend to erode quite rapidly because the world has to do its business.' 'We will be slow to resume our ties, but we will in a few months’ time as we need to get back to being able to do business with the Russians.' Although Sir Tony said he supported the actions taken by the Government, he warned that the language that had been used thus far by government ministers had been 'unnecessarily virulent'. He said in the wake of the Litvinenko poisoning there was an active effort to ensure political language was 'very guarded' – an approach that has not been mirrored in 2018 by Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson and Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson."

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"Fears Russia could move to unmask British spies in bitter 'tit-for-tat' over poison attack"

Britische Sicherheitsexperten fürchten Kim Sengupta zufolge, dass Russland die Ausweisung russischer Diplomaten mit der Enthüllung der Identität britischer Spione beantworten könnte. "The disclosure could start, it is feared, with those who work for MI6 and the 23 British diplomats being thrown out of Moscow in retaliation for the same number being expelled from the UK. Doing so would break standard protocol in place to protect spies from opposing sides, in recognition that exposing personal details may put them in danger including from terrorist attacks. It has been the normal practice since the end of the Cold War to avoid leaking such information in these circumstances. (...) There is also the worry that Moscow may want to carry out a wider dissemination of British security and intelligence information, possibly using a platform like WikiLeaks which had, in the past, been used to expose Western secrets. (...) A senior Whitehall official stated that Russian threats to disclose the identities of British intelligence officers were 'utterly unjustified and irresponsible. They know we did not make public the names of those working under diplomatic credentials we expelled from this country. That list was carefully calibrated and we intend to maintain channels of communication.'"

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"After my recent trip to Syria, I knew Afrin's fall was inevitable – now we must concern ourselves with the next phase of war"

Patrick Cockburn, Nahostkorrespondent des Independent, ist von der türkischen Einnahme der syrischen Stadt Afrin nicht überrascht. Die abziehenden kurdischen Milizen hätten erkannt, dass die Stadt nicht zu verteidigen war. Nun drohe eine ethnische Säuberung und die "Arabisierung" der Enklave. "A crucial question is where Erdogan goes from here. He may have got Afrin, but the main Syrian Kurdish zone stretches from the Arab city of Manbij, just west of the Euphrates to the Iraqi border, is still where it was. Here, unlike Afrin, the Kurdish and Kurdish-linked forces are under US protection. Very visible patrols of US armoured vehicles patrol the front line around Manbij. It will also be easier for the YPG to fight close to their main territorial bases."

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"Jeremy Corbyn points to Iraq WMDs mistake as he casts doubt on Russian culpability for nerve agent attack"

Der Anführer der Labour-Partei Jeremy Corbyn hat im Fall des vergifteten Ex-Spions Sergej Skripal Zweifel an den Vorwürfen der britischen Regierung gegen Russland geäußert. "Jeremy Corbyn has cast doubt on evidence that led the Government to blame Russia for the Salisbury attack, pointing instead to the 'WMD' saga before the Iraq War as reason to be suspicious of Theresa May’s approach. After the Labour leader refused to blame Moscow in the Commons, his spokesman said ministers’ use of intelligence on Iraq’s weapons programmes in 2003 meant accepting the Government’s position on Russia now is 'problematic'."

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"Raqqa: 'Liberated' former Isis capital still gripped by fear, full of booby traps and bombed to oblivion"

Patrick Cockburn stellt bei seiner Rückkehr nach Raqqa ernüchtert fest, dass die einstige syrische Hochburg des "Islamischen Staates" vier Monate nach Beendigung der Kämpfe immer noch völlig zerstört sei. "The destruction is apocalyptic. Houses, hospitals, bridges, schools and factories are gone, turned into heaps of broken masonry. There is no electricity and little water. 'After the war we were at zero and we are still at zero,' says Dr Saddam al-Hawidy. He complains that foreign aid organisations come and look at the ruins of the city, but then leave and are never seen again. The final siege was only the devastating culmination of years of degradation that predates Isis rule. (...) Another danger faces those whose homes were not hit in the battles: Isis was notorious for its copious use of mines and booby-traps. (...) A reason why so little aid is distributed is the difficulty of finding distribution points for food and medicine that have been declared safe. Sarbast Hassan, an electrical technician working to restore the electricity supply, says that 'we can’t even work in the city because of the mines'."

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"If Trump succeeds where Obama failed on North Korea, maybe he will get Nobel Peace Prize – and deserve it"

Sollte der aktuelle Annäherungskurs zwischen Nord- und Südkorea tatsächlich zu einem diplomatischen Durchbruch führen, wäre die Verleihung des Friedensnobelpreises an US-Präsident Trump möglich und nicht einmal unverdient, meint David Usborne. "We don't know what will happen next. But we can say this with some degree of confidence: we wouldn’t be where we are now were it not for the extreme pressure applied by Trump, pressure, by the way, which the Obama administration chose, for whatever reasons, not to apply. (...) This may yet all fall apart. But if this proves to be the beginning of the end of what was rapidly shaping up to be the most serious international security crisis of our times, then a tremendous amount of credit will be due Trump. Whether or not he always knew what he was doing, his instinct was clear: there will no more pussyfooting around Pyongyang. A dangerous strategy for sure, but one that just may be about to bear fruit. Obama won the Peace Prize and subsequently got precisely nowhere resolving the North Korea conundrum. Suddenly, Trump getting it down the road doesn’t seem so implausible."

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"Withholding medical supplies is particularly vicious and shows the Syrian government's determination to reclaim Eastern Ghouta"

Patrick Cockburn berichtet, dass die syrischen Regierungstruppen bei der Belagerung Ost-Ghoutas einer ähnlichen Strategie folgten wie in Aleppo vor über einem Jahr. Dazu gehöre auch die Verweigerung von medizinischen Hilfslieferungen, wie die World Health Organisation nun bestätigt habe. "As a UN aid convoy entered Eastern Ghouta, the World Health Organisation said that Syrian government security had forced the removal from its trucks of 'all trauma kits, surgical, dialysis sessions and insulin'. Some 70 per cent of the medical supplies being sent were rejected according to a WHO official. (...) The Syrian government is determined to retake the rebel-held zone by indiscriminate shelling and bombing combined with cutting off all supplies of food, fuel and medicine. It is making a ground assault that is crumbling the edges of the beleaguered enclave which is being systematically squeezed to death. The aim of the multiple assaults is to chop the area into smaller pieces that can be dealt with separately."

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"Inside Syria: With its enemies diverted or fighting each other, Isis is making a swift and deadly comeback"

Die militärische Niederlage des "Islamischen Staates" in Irak und Syrien ist in den vergangenen Monaten mehrfach verkündet worden. Patrick Cockburn berichtet allerdings, dass die Kämpfe zwischen den einstigen Verbündeten der Anti-IS-Allianz die Terrormiliz erneut gestärkt hätten. "Isis was supposed to have been decisively defeated last year when it lost Raqqa and Mosul, its de facto capitals in Syria and Iraq respectively. The self-declared Isis caliphate, the size of Great Britain only three years ago, had shrunk to a few enclaves in the deserts of eastern Syria and western Iraq. But it is turning out that the enemies of Isis had written it off too early. (...) There are other signs of an Isis resurgence in its old strongholds. A recent visitor to Deir Ezzor province warned that 'local people talk of an Isis comeback and you should not be on the roads after 3pm, because that is when the SDF [the mixed Kurdish-Arab Syrian Democratic Forces] abandon their checkpoints for the night'."

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"Syria: Attack on Afrin will bring devastation and suffering like that seen in Eastern Ghouta, Kurds warn"

Patrick Cockburn hat sich für den ersten Teil seiner neuen Artikelserie über die "Kriege in Syrien" mit kurdischen Offiziellen unterhalten, die den Angriff türkischer Truppen gegen Afrin mit der Offensive syrischer Regierungstruppen gegen Ost-Ghouta vergleichen. "Aldar Khalil, co-chair of the Movement for a Democratic Society, the Syrian-Kurdish dominated organisation that controls 30 per cent of Syria, also predicted that the war in Syria may last 'another four years until a new balance of forces becomes clear'. In an exclusive interview with The Independent in the city of Qamishli in north-east Syria, Mr Khalil says there are signs of a resurgence by Isis, whose fighters have taken advantage of the diversion of Kurdish forces to face the Turkish invasion of Afrin on 20 January, to make attacks in Deir Ezzor province in eastern Syria."

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"Western howls of outrage over the Ghouta siege ring hollow – we aren't likely to do anything to save civilians"

Robert Fisk ist dagegen der Ansicht, dass die von westlichen Kommentatoren wie Jonathan Freedland geäußerte Entrüstung über das Blutvergießen in Ost-Goutha "hohl" klinge, da die radikalislamischen Gruppen in der Stadt in der Regel nicht erwähnt würden. "This is an important omission – because the key to any end of this civilian killing-zone and its latest 250 dead lies in the ability to open some form of immediate contact between the armed besiegers and the armed attackers. Lavrov’s comments in the past two days suggest that the Russians had agreed a return to the weirdly-named 'deconfliction' status of Ghouta, an effective ceasefire in which aid could be sent in to Ghouta and the wounded taken out. But – this, of course, according to Lavrov – al-Nusrah broke the deal. Well, maybe. Yet how can we complain when we will not ourselves deal with the armed Islamist opposition to Assad (I am not at this point talking about Isis) or try to arrange our own ceasefire, even with Russian help? After all, we’ve been arming these people for years!"

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"This could be the last siege of the Syrian war"

Die verlustreiche Belagerung von Ost-Ghouta könnte im syrischen Krieg die letzte dieser Art sein, schreibt Patrick Cockburn, Nahostkorrespondent des Independent. Syrische Regierungstruppen hätten den Druck auf die Rebellenenklave seit dem Ende des letzten Jahres erhöht und versuchten nun, mit Luftangriffen und Artilleriebeschuss eine Bodenoffensive vorzubereiten oder eine Massenevakuierung wie in Ost-Aleppo zu erzwingen. "Eastern Ghouta has held out longest because it was large, strongly held and could grow part of its own food. But the rebel factions in control were divided, occasionally fought each other and had no strategy to counter the Syrian army’s steady advances other than firing mortars into pro-government districts like Christian Bab Touma in the Damascus Old City. (...) The Syrian and – to a lesser extent – the Iraqi wars have been wars of sieges in which limited numbers of ground troops are deployed, but are supported by massive air power. This was true of the Syrian government and Russians against Isis, al-Qaeda linked groups and jihadi rebels. But it was also true of the Kurdish YPG (People’s Protection Units) backed by US airpower in the four month siege of Raqqa and the Iraqi Army, also backed by the US air force and its own artillery, in the nine-month siege of Mosul. The latter was probably the bloodiest of all these sieges because of the size of the city, the ferocity of the fighting and the refusal of Isis to allow the civilian population to escape from West Mosul and from the close-packed Old City."

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"Turkey accused of recruiting ex-Isis fighters in their thousands to attack Kurds in Syria"

Cockburn hat mit einem ehemaligen IS-Kämpfer gesprochen, dem zufolge die Türkei bei ihrer Offensive gegen die Kurden im Norden Syriens auf dschihadistische Söldner zurückgreift. "'Most of those who are fighting in Afrin against the YPG [People’s Protection Units] are Isis, though Turkey has trained them to change their assault tactics,' said Faraj, a former Isis fighter from north-east Syria who remains in close touch with the jihadi movement. In a phone interview with The Independent, he added: 'Turkey at the beginning of its operation tried to delude people by saying that it is fighting Isis, but actually they are training Isis members and sending them to Afrin.' (..) Some of the FSA troops advancing into Afrin are surprisingly open about their allegiance to al-Qaeda and its offshoots. A video posted online shows three uniformed jihadis singing a song in praise of their past battles and 'how we were steadfast in Grozny (Chechnya) and Dagestan (north Caucasus). And we took Tora Bora (the former headquarters of Osama bin Laden). And now Afrin is calling to us'."

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"Saudi Arabians are ready to embrace social change - but fear it may come at a cost"

Im ersten Beitrag einer dreiteiligen Reportagereihe über den angekündigten sozialpolitischen Umbruch in Saudi-Arabien berichtet Bethan McKernan, dass viele Saudis die Veränderungen trotz befürchteter wirtschaftlicher Probleme begrüßen. "So while women will be able to get behind the wheel in a few months, it will cost a lot to fill up the tank – and there aren’t enough jobs for everyone to drive to. 'Saudis are just being introduced to the real world. What they were living in previously was a fairy tale,' said 25-year-old Yousif el Helw, an Egyptian national who has lived in Jeddah most of his life. For ordinary Saudis, these changes, for better and for worse, are already beginning to take hold."

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"Democracy undergoing 'alarming' decline around the world, study finds"

Der jährlich erscheinenden "Freedom in the World"-Studie der Denkfabrik Freedom House zufolge befindet sich die Demokratie weltweit auf einem "alarmierenden" Rückzug. "The US organisation’s annual 'Freedom in the World' report found 2018 was the 13th consecutive year of deteriorating freedoms around the globe. A total of 68 countries suffered a decline in political rights and civil liberties during the past 12 months, with only 50 counties registering any progress in these areas, it said. 'More authoritarian powers are now banning opposition groups or jailing their leaders, dispensing with term limits, and tightening the screws on any independent media that remain,' the report stated. Experts also identified a troubling 'crisis of confidence' in the US and Europe, where far-right populist forces are pushing against long-held democratic principles like the separation of powers, press freedom and the legal protection of migrants."

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"Inside Afrin, the true victims of Turkey's invasion of northern Syria are revealed - refugees, babies, women and children"

Im dritten Teil seiner Reportageserie aus Syrien berichtet Robert Fisk über die Opfer der türkischen Militäroffensive gegen kurdische Milizen in Afrin. "'You come to our hospital here in Afrin to find out what happened,' Dr Jawan Palot, director of the Afrin Hospital, remarked to me with cynicism, well aware that The Independent was the first Western news organisation to visit Afrin since the Turkish attack. 'You should see the dead when they come in – and the state of the wounded with the blood on them.' And there came forth the usual photographs of ferociously broken corpses. And there followed, too, in the Afrin Hospital, a maudlin tour of the wards where the survivors of Turkey’s assault on the 'terrorists' of Afrin, which began on 20 January, lay in their beds."

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"On the front line it seems as if Syria’s war against Islamists is far from over"

Robert Fisk berichtet in dieser Reportage aus Sinjar, dass der Kampf syrischer Regierungstruppen gegen radikalislamische Rebellen auch nach dem Niedergang des "Islamischen Staates" weitergehe. "The Independent is the first foreign media to visit the front line in Idlib province. (...) It’s no great secret that the real Syrian army objective now is to reopen the highway between Homs, Hama and Aleppo, clear out the Islamist 'dumping ground' of Idlib province (through which we were now driving in our car) and keep Isis in their own surrounded pocket of territory further east. But where will the Syrians drive them? North to Turkey where Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s army has rashly streamed into Afrin province? (...) Outside the country, Syria is ignored these days. By me, too. Hasn’t Isis been beaten? Haven’t the Russians and the Syrians won? They are certainly winning. But visit these swamped battlefields, and you have a distinct feeling that the war goes on."

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"Manbij becomes key as US looks to rein in Turkey's Syrian offensive"

Auch Patrick Cockburn erwartet, dass die USA versuchen werden, die türkische Offensive vor der kurdischen Enklave Manbij im Norden Syriens zu stoppen. Sollte die Türkei trotzdem vorrücken, könnte es zu Kämpfen zwischen Soldaten beider NATO-Partner kommen. "The US is hoping to keep the present fighting confined to Afrin, which is separate from the bulk of Kurdish territory. There have never been any US military forces in this enclave, though there were Russian observers that have now been withdrawn. But if Turkey attacks Manbij then the US will have to decide if it is going to be seen as betraying its Kurdish ally or risk a military confrontation with its Nato partner Turkey. (...) The long-contemplated Turkish assault was finally provoked by the US announcement last week that its forces would be staying in Syrian Kurdish territory for the foreseeable future. This de facto guarantee of the Kurdish statelet, directed against the Syrian government and Iran by the US, radically changed the strategic balance in Syria. The US had assured the Turks since the end of 2014 that its military cooperation with the YPG was purely tactical, directed against Isis and would end when Isis was defeated."

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"Iraq sentences German woman to death for joining Isis, reports say"

Eine nicht namentlich genannte deutsche Staatsbürgerin marokkanischer Abstammung ist im Irak wegen ihrer mutmaßlichen Unterstützung für den "Islamischen Staat" einem Bericht zufolge zum Tod verurteilt worden. "The court in Baghdad convicted the unnamed German woman of 'providing logistical support and assistance to the terrorist group to commit crimes' and has ordered her execution. The spokesman of the Supreme Judicial Council, Abdul-Sattar Bayrkdar, says the woman acknowledged joining Isis after travelling from Germany to Syria and then to Iraq along with her two daughters. Both daughters later married militants. She is believed to have been living in the Mannheim region of Germany when she travelled to Syria but is reportedly of Moroccan descent."

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"The US and Europe are drifting apart and not just because of Trump, finds Chatham House study"

Eine neue Studie von Chatham House kommt zu dem Schluss, dass die USA und Europa nicht nur wegen Donald Trump weiter auseinanderdriften werden. Tom Batchelor schreibt, dass der britische Thinktank dafür vor allem demographische Gründe verantwortlich macht. "A report from Chatham House said migration patterns were having a far more profound impact in the US and Europe than the election of Mr Trump. 'The increase in Latin American and Asian groups in the US, and to a lesser extent, Middle Eastern populations in Europe is likely to cause the US and Europe to continue to diverge in terms of their regional interests and attention,' said Xenia Wickett, an international relations expert who authored the report. (...) The decline of international institutions is highlighted as a secondary trigger of US-European divergence. Organisations and treaties, including Nato, the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, are 'perceived as unable to meet today’s challenges', wrote Ms Wickett. 'As their relevance declines, so they weaken as levers of transatlantic cooperation.'"

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"Donald Trump to approve Iran nuclear deal for last time – if it isn't changed"

US-Präsident Trump hat am Freitag neue Sanktionen gegen den Iran erneut ausgesetzt und das Atomabkommen damit nach eigenen Worten "zum letzten Mal" bestätigt. Zugleich habe er den europäischen Verhandlungspartnern 120 Tage Zeit gegeben, um die "schrecklichen Mängel" im Abkommen zu beseitigen, berichtet Alexandra Wilts. "Mr Trump is waiving nuclear sanctions against Iran for the last time, administration officials said – comments that were quickly followed by a stark warning from the President: 'Either fix the deal’s disastrous flaws, or the United States will withdraw.' (...) Even though Mr Trump has now imposed a 120-day deadline on his European partners, it does not appear like they have the appetite to negotiate a follow-on agreement regarding Iran. (...) The EU’s foreign affairs chief, Federica Mogherini, said, 'The deal is working – it is delivering on its main goal which means keeping the Iranian nuclear program in check and under close surveillance.'"

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"North Korea in 2018: World 'must guarantee Kim Jong-un regime's survival' to deter violent conflict"

Der südkoreanische Nordkorea-Experte Lee Geun hat US-Präsident Trump und andere führende Staatschefs aufgefordert, das Überleben des Regimes von Kim Jong-un zu garantieren, um eine Lösung des schwelenden Atomkonflikts herbeizuführen. John Nilsson-Wright vom britischen Thinktank Chatham House wiederum hält einen nordkoreanischen Teststopp für eine wichtige Voraussetzung ernster Verhandlungen. "If he felt his regime’s survival was threatened 'a rational Kim Jong-un' might use nuclear weapons to deter an attack, Dr Nilsson-Wright says. Displays of respect could provide a route to genuine dialogue, he says, but Mr Trump’s style and a lack of information about Mr Kim’s thought processes – 'a question mark in a situation full of question marks' – make divining the future difficult. 'It’s like a game of diplomatic chicken,' says Dr Nilsson-Wright. 'The only good news is that all of the strategic uncertainty that Trump and Kim contribute to this situation has forced the international community and other countries to take this issue really seriously,' he adds, with civil servants globally 'working around the clock'."

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"North Korea: Japan to buy long-range missiles for first time due to 'increasingly severe' national security fears"

Japan will angesichts der nordkoreanischen Bedrohung erstmals eigene Langstreckenraketen kaufen, um im Konfliktfall nordkoreanische Ziele erreichen zu können. "The secretive state has launched almost 20 ballistic missiles this year, with two triggering warnings after they flew over the north of Japan before crashing into the sea. 'We will implement stand-off missiles capable of defending ourselves adequately, when we are outside the range of the opponent, in order to ensure the safety of the Self Defense Force and to defend our nation effectively,' [Defence Minister Itsunori Onodera] told a news conference in Tokyo. (...) the distance at which Tokyo will be able to hit 'enemy threats' could amount to a breach of its peace time accord – and is likely to alarm Beijing, analysts say."

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"Iraqi spies have infiltrated Isis 'sleeper cells' to prevent future terror attacks, says minister"

Patrick Cockburn berichtet, dass das Ausmaß der Gewalt im Irak auf den niedrigsten Stand seit dem Sturz Saddam Huseins im Jahr 2003 gefallen sei. Dies sei auf den Niedergang des IS, aber auch auf den Einsatz von Informanten und Doppelagenten zurückzuführen, so der irakische Innenminister Qasim al-Araji in einem exklusiven Interview. "A senior Iraqi security official says that intelligence about potential Isis attacks has improved to the point that government forces can monitor a bomb from construction to detonation, allowing it to explode after evacuating civilians so Isis does not know that its bomb-making networks have been penetrated. 'We have people who work with Isis who agree to work with us,' said Interior Minister Qasim al-Araji in an interview with The Independent in Baghdad. 'Isis does not know this and we make sure our informant is not exposed.' Sometimes security forces even pay for the car that transports a bomb to Baghdad and allow it blow up in a place which Isis has targeted. 'We ask people to move and make an official statement with a false number of casualties,' he says."

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"Camp Speicher massacre: Retracing the steps of Isis's worst-ever atrocity"

Patrick Cockburn hat für seine Reportage den Ort besucht, an dem IS-Kämpfer vor drei Jahren ihr wohl schlimmstes Massaker in Irak und Syrien begangen haben. "Nouri al-Maliki, the Prime Minister at the time of the killings, said in an interview with The Independent that he has a simple explanation for what happened: 'In fact, the Speicher massacre occurred because the commander there was a Kurd and he received orders from [then-Kurdish President] Masoud Barzani to withdraw with his [Kurdish] men and they left everything in chaos and disorder and the massacre happened.' This account has the advantage of excusing Mr Maliki and his government for any responsibility for the collapse of the Iraqi armed forces in the area which enabled Isis to slaughter so many young men."

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"How the Kurds lost Iraq: 'They had tanks and planes and we had no chance'"

Im zweiten Teil seiner umfassenden Reportage über die "verheerende Niederlage" der Kurden im Irak schreibt Nahostkorrespondent Patrick Cockburn, dass die Zentralregierung in Bagdad vermeiden sollte, ihren Sieg zu "gierig" auszunutzen. "If the central government in Baghdad exploits its present superiority over the Kurds too greedily, then it could provoke a powerful communal counter-reaction by the Kurdish population. This approach is likely to be opposed by Mr Abadi, but approved by his predecessor as Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, in the run-up to the parliamentary elections next May. In Iraqi politics, almost everybody ends up by overplaying their hand."

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"By killing Isis fighters instead of bringing them to justice, we become as guilty as our enemies"

Regierungsmitglieder in Paris und London haben in den vergangenen Tagen mehr oder weniger offen eingestanden, dass sie angesichts der möglichen Rückkehr französischer und britischer IS-Kämpfer deren Tod in Syrien und Irak bevorzugen würden. Robert Fisk kann nicht verstehen, dass diese Aussagen keinen öffentlichen Protest hervorgerufen haben. "For decades, we have been condemning the dictators of the Middle East for their savagery, for their drumhead courts and their mass hangings – and rightly so. But how can we condemn them now, when we are announcing, quite publicly, that we want our own citizens dead if they joined – or are believed to have joined, or might have joined, or are said to have joined – Isis. If we are now, in effect, calling for their execution, then we have no more right to lecture any tyrant about their wickedness. (...) It’s that we are crossing the line between justice and state encouragement of executions. If that’s the line we want to cross, well let’s say so clearly. And if we don’t want to cross that line, let’s say so? Amnesty? Human Rights Watch? Haven’t heard from them yet? What’s going on?"

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"More than 400 British Isis jihadis have already returned to UK, report warns"

Dem neuen Bericht des Soufan Centre zufolge sind über 400 britische Dschihadisten bereits wieder aus Syrien und Irak nach Großbritannien zurückgekehrt. Die Gefahr, die von den Rückkehrern ausgehe, werde von Experten unterschiedlich eingeschätzt, berichtet Lizzie Dearden. "Max Hill QC, the independent reviewer of terrorism legislation, has (...) called for a focus on 'reintegration' in cases where authorities have decided individuals who return should not face prosecution. He said it was right that security services have left space for those who travelled out of a sense of naivety, at a young age and who return in a 'state of utter disillusionment' to be diverted away from the criminal courts. (...) analysts disagree about the threat posed by returning foreign fighters, arguing that some may not want to attack their home countries and that others’ experiences could be used for counter-extremism efforts."

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"Isis kills 128 civilians in 'revenge' surprise counter attack on Syrian town"

Kämpfer des "Islamischen Staates" haben nach einer kurzzeitigen Eroberung der syrischen Stadt Al-Qaryatayn Berichten zufolge mindestens 128 Zivilisten getötet. "It is still not clear how militants were able to carry out a successful offensive so far away from supply lines. Isis has been known to use sleeper cells, often dressed in the uniforms of government or Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) soldiers, to carry out attacks behind enemy lines in the past. While the militants’ counter offensive took Bashar al-Assad’s forces by surprise, it came as the group continued to steadily lose control of its once huge empire across both Syria and Iraq."

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Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

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