US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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"This could be the last siege of the Syrian war"

Die verlustreiche Belagerung von Ost-Ghouta könnte im syrischen Krieg die letzte dieser Art sein, schreibt Patrick Cockburn, Nahostkorrespondent des Independent. Syrische Regierungstruppen hätten den Druck auf die Rebellenenklave seit dem Ende des letzten Jahres erhöht und versuchten nun, mit Luftangriffen und Artilleriebeschuss eine Bodenoffensive vorzubereiten oder eine Massenevakuierung wie in Ost-Aleppo zu erzwingen. "Eastern Ghouta has held out longest because it was large, strongly held and could grow part of its own food. But the rebel factions in control were divided, occasionally fought each other and had no strategy to counter the Syrian army’s steady advances other than firing mortars into pro-government districts like Christian Bab Touma in the Damascus Old City. (...) The Syrian and – to a lesser extent – the Iraqi wars have been wars of sieges in which limited numbers of ground troops are deployed, but are supported by massive air power. This was true of the Syrian government and Russians against Isis, al-Qaeda linked groups and jihadi rebels. But it was also true of the Kurdish YPG (People’s Protection Units) backed by US airpower in the four month siege of Raqqa and the Iraqi Army, also backed by the US air force and its own artillery, in the nine-month siege of Mosul. The latter was probably the bloodiest of all these sieges because of the size of the city, the ferocity of the fighting and the refusal of Isis to allow the civilian population to escape from West Mosul and from the close-packed Old City."

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"Turkey accused of recruiting ex-Isis fighters in their thousands to attack Kurds in Syria"

Cockburn hat mit einem ehemaligen IS-Kämpfer gesprochen, dem zufolge die Türkei bei ihrer Offensive gegen die Kurden im Norden Syriens auf dschihadistische Söldner zurückgreift. "'Most of those who are fighting in Afrin against the YPG [People’s Protection Units] are Isis, though Turkey has trained them to change their assault tactics,' said Faraj, a former Isis fighter from north-east Syria who remains in close touch with the jihadi movement. In a phone interview with The Independent, he added: 'Turkey at the beginning of its operation tried to delude people by saying that it is fighting Isis, but actually they are training Isis members and sending them to Afrin.' (..) Some of the FSA troops advancing into Afrin are surprisingly open about their allegiance to al-Qaeda and its offshoots. A video posted online shows three uniformed jihadis singing a song in praise of their past battles and 'how we were steadfast in Grozny (Chechnya) and Dagestan (north Caucasus). And we took Tora Bora (the former headquarters of Osama bin Laden). And now Afrin is calling to us'."

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"Saudi Arabians are ready to embrace social change - but fear it may come at a cost"

Im ersten Beitrag einer dreiteiligen Reportagereihe über den angekündigten sozialpolitischen Umbruch in Saudi-Arabien berichtet Bethan McKernan, dass viele Saudis die Veränderungen trotz befürchteter wirtschaftlicher Probleme begrüßen. "So while women will be able to get behind the wheel in a few months, it will cost a lot to fill up the tank – and there aren’t enough jobs for everyone to drive to. 'Saudis are just being introduced to the real world. What they were living in previously was a fairy tale,' said 25-year-old Yousif el Helw, an Egyptian national who has lived in Jeddah most of his life. For ordinary Saudis, these changes, for better and for worse, are already beginning to take hold."

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"Inside Afrin, the true victims of Turkey's invasion of northern Syria are revealed - refugees, babies, women and children"

Im dritten Teil seiner Reportageserie aus Syrien berichtet Robert Fisk über die Opfer der türkischen Militäroffensive gegen kurdische Milizen in Afrin. "'You come to our hospital here in Afrin to find out what happened,' Dr Jawan Palot, director of the Afrin Hospital, remarked to me with cynicism, well aware that The Independent was the first Western news organisation to visit Afrin since the Turkish attack. 'You should see the dead when they come in – and the state of the wounded with the blood on them.' And there came forth the usual photographs of ferociously broken corpses. And there followed, too, in the Afrin Hospital, a maudlin tour of the wards where the survivors of Turkey’s assault on the 'terrorists' of Afrin, which began on 20 January, lay in their beds."

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"On the front line it seems as if Syria’s war against Islamists is far from over"

Robert Fisk berichtet in dieser Reportage aus Sinjar, dass der Kampf syrischer Regierungstruppen gegen radikalislamische Rebellen auch nach dem Niedergang des "Islamischen Staates" weitergehe. "The Independent is the first foreign media to visit the front line in Idlib province. (...) It’s no great secret that the real Syrian army objective now is to reopen the highway between Homs, Hama and Aleppo, clear out the Islamist 'dumping ground' of Idlib province (through which we were now driving in our car) and keep Isis in their own surrounded pocket of territory further east. But where will the Syrians drive them? North to Turkey where Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s army has rashly streamed into Afrin province? (...) Outside the country, Syria is ignored these days. By me, too. Hasn’t Isis been beaten? Haven’t the Russians and the Syrians won? They are certainly winning. But visit these swamped battlefields, and you have a distinct feeling that the war goes on."

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"Manbij becomes key as US looks to rein in Turkey's Syrian offensive"

Auch Patrick Cockburn erwartet, dass die USA versuchen werden, die türkische Offensive vor der kurdischen Enklave Manbij im Norden Syriens zu stoppen. Sollte die Türkei trotzdem vorrücken, könnte es zu Kämpfen zwischen Soldaten beider NATO-Partner kommen. "The US is hoping to keep the present fighting confined to Afrin, which is separate from the bulk of Kurdish territory. There have never been any US military forces in this enclave, though there were Russian observers that have now been withdrawn. But if Turkey attacks Manbij then the US will have to decide if it is going to be seen as betraying its Kurdish ally or risk a military confrontation with its Nato partner Turkey. (...) The long-contemplated Turkish assault was finally provoked by the US announcement last week that its forces would be staying in Syrian Kurdish territory for the foreseeable future. This de facto guarantee of the Kurdish statelet, directed against the Syrian government and Iran by the US, radically changed the strategic balance in Syria. The US had assured the Turks since the end of 2014 that its military cooperation with the YPG was purely tactical, directed against Isis and would end when Isis was defeated."

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"Iraq sentences German woman to death for joining Isis, reports say"

Eine nicht namentlich genannte deutsche Staatsbürgerin marokkanischer Abstammung ist im Irak wegen ihrer mutmaßlichen Unterstützung für den "Islamischen Staat" einem Bericht zufolge zum Tod verurteilt worden. "The court in Baghdad convicted the unnamed German woman of 'providing logistical support and assistance to the terrorist group to commit crimes' and has ordered her execution. The spokesman of the Supreme Judicial Council, Abdul-Sattar Bayrkdar, says the woman acknowledged joining Isis after travelling from Germany to Syria and then to Iraq along with her two daughters. Both daughters later married militants. She is believed to have been living in the Mannheim region of Germany when she travelled to Syria but is reportedly of Moroccan descent."

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"The US and Europe are drifting apart and not just because of Trump, finds Chatham House study"

Eine neue Studie von Chatham House kommt zu dem Schluss, dass die USA und Europa nicht nur wegen Donald Trump weiter auseinanderdriften werden. Tom Batchelor schreibt, dass der britische Thinktank dafür vor allem demographische Gründe verantwortlich macht. "A report from Chatham House said migration patterns were having a far more profound impact in the US and Europe than the election of Mr Trump. 'The increase in Latin American and Asian groups in the US, and to a lesser extent, Middle Eastern populations in Europe is likely to cause the US and Europe to continue to diverge in terms of their regional interests and attention,' said Xenia Wickett, an international relations expert who authored the report. (...) The decline of international institutions is highlighted as a secondary trigger of US-European divergence. Organisations and treaties, including Nato, the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, are 'perceived as unable to meet today’s challenges', wrote Ms Wickett. 'As their relevance declines, so they weaken as levers of transatlantic cooperation.'"

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"Donald Trump to approve Iran nuclear deal for last time – if it isn't changed"

US-Präsident Trump hat am Freitag neue Sanktionen gegen den Iran erneut ausgesetzt und das Atomabkommen damit nach eigenen Worten "zum letzten Mal" bestätigt. Zugleich habe er den europäischen Verhandlungspartnern 120 Tage Zeit gegeben, um die "schrecklichen Mängel" im Abkommen zu beseitigen, berichtet Alexandra Wilts. "Mr Trump is waiving nuclear sanctions against Iran for the last time, administration officials said – comments that were quickly followed by a stark warning from the President: 'Either fix the deal’s disastrous flaws, or the United States will withdraw.' (...) Even though Mr Trump has now imposed a 120-day deadline on his European partners, it does not appear like they have the appetite to negotiate a follow-on agreement regarding Iran. (...) The EU’s foreign affairs chief, Federica Mogherini, said, 'The deal is working – it is delivering on its main goal which means keeping the Iranian nuclear program in check and under close surveillance.'"

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"North Korea in 2018: World 'must guarantee Kim Jong-un regime's survival' to deter violent conflict"

Der südkoreanische Nordkorea-Experte Lee Geun hat US-Präsident Trump und andere führende Staatschefs aufgefordert, das Überleben des Regimes von Kim Jong-un zu garantieren, um eine Lösung des schwelenden Atomkonflikts herbeizuführen. John Nilsson-Wright vom britischen Thinktank Chatham House wiederum hält einen nordkoreanischen Teststopp für eine wichtige Voraussetzung ernster Verhandlungen. "If he felt his regime’s survival was threatened 'a rational Kim Jong-un' might use nuclear weapons to deter an attack, Dr Nilsson-Wright says. Displays of respect could provide a route to genuine dialogue, he says, but Mr Trump’s style and a lack of information about Mr Kim’s thought processes – 'a question mark in a situation full of question marks' – make divining the future difficult. 'It’s like a game of diplomatic chicken,' says Dr Nilsson-Wright. 'The only good news is that all of the strategic uncertainty that Trump and Kim contribute to this situation has forced the international community and other countries to take this issue really seriously,' he adds, with civil servants globally 'working around the clock'."

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"North Korea: Japan to buy long-range missiles for first time due to 'increasingly severe' national security fears"

Japan will angesichts der nordkoreanischen Bedrohung erstmals eigene Langstreckenraketen kaufen, um im Konfliktfall nordkoreanische Ziele erreichen zu können. "The secretive state has launched almost 20 ballistic missiles this year, with two triggering warnings after they flew over the north of Japan before crashing into the sea. 'We will implement stand-off missiles capable of defending ourselves adequately, when we are outside the range of the opponent, in order to ensure the safety of the Self Defense Force and to defend our nation effectively,' [Defence Minister Itsunori Onodera] told a news conference in Tokyo. (...) the distance at which Tokyo will be able to hit 'enemy threats' could amount to a breach of its peace time accord – and is likely to alarm Beijing, analysts say."

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"Iraqi spies have infiltrated Isis 'sleeper cells' to prevent future terror attacks, says minister"

Patrick Cockburn berichtet, dass das Ausmaß der Gewalt im Irak auf den niedrigsten Stand seit dem Sturz Saddam Huseins im Jahr 2003 gefallen sei. Dies sei auf den Niedergang des IS, aber auch auf den Einsatz von Informanten und Doppelagenten zurückzuführen, so der irakische Innenminister Qasim al-Araji in einem exklusiven Interview. "A senior Iraqi security official says that intelligence about potential Isis attacks has improved to the point that government forces can monitor a bomb from construction to detonation, allowing it to explode after evacuating civilians so Isis does not know that its bomb-making networks have been penetrated. 'We have people who work with Isis who agree to work with us,' said Interior Minister Qasim al-Araji in an interview with The Independent in Baghdad. 'Isis does not know this and we make sure our informant is not exposed.' Sometimes security forces even pay for the car that transports a bomb to Baghdad and allow it blow up in a place which Isis has targeted. 'We ask people to move and make an official statement with a false number of casualties,' he says."

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"Camp Speicher massacre: Retracing the steps of Isis's worst-ever atrocity"

Patrick Cockburn hat für seine Reportage den Ort besucht, an dem IS-Kämpfer vor drei Jahren ihr wohl schlimmstes Massaker in Irak und Syrien begangen haben. "Nouri al-Maliki, the Prime Minister at the time of the killings, said in an interview with The Independent that he has a simple explanation for what happened: 'In fact, the Speicher massacre occurred because the commander there was a Kurd and he received orders from [then-Kurdish President] Masoud Barzani to withdraw with his [Kurdish] men and they left everything in chaos and disorder and the massacre happened.' This account has the advantage of excusing Mr Maliki and his government for any responsibility for the collapse of the Iraqi armed forces in the area which enabled Isis to slaughter so many young men."

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"How the Kurds lost Iraq: 'They had tanks and planes and we had no chance'"

Im zweiten Teil seiner umfassenden Reportage über die "verheerende Niederlage" der Kurden im Irak schreibt Nahostkorrespondent Patrick Cockburn, dass die Zentralregierung in Bagdad vermeiden sollte, ihren Sieg zu "gierig" auszunutzen. "If the central government in Baghdad exploits its present superiority over the Kurds too greedily, then it could provoke a powerful communal counter-reaction by the Kurdish population. This approach is likely to be opposed by Mr Abadi, but approved by his predecessor as Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, in the run-up to the parliamentary elections next May. In Iraqi politics, almost everybody ends up by overplaying their hand."

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"By killing Isis fighters instead of bringing them to justice, we become as guilty as our enemies"

Regierungsmitglieder in Paris und London haben in den vergangenen Tagen mehr oder weniger offen eingestanden, dass sie angesichts der möglichen Rückkehr französischer und britischer IS-Kämpfer deren Tod in Syrien und Irak bevorzugen würden. Robert Fisk kann nicht verstehen, dass diese Aussagen keinen öffentlichen Protest hervorgerufen haben. "For decades, we have been condemning the dictators of the Middle East for their savagery, for their drumhead courts and their mass hangings – and rightly so. But how can we condemn them now, when we are announcing, quite publicly, that we want our own citizens dead if they joined – or are believed to have joined, or might have joined, or are said to have joined – Isis. If we are now, in effect, calling for their execution, then we have no more right to lecture any tyrant about their wickedness. (...) It’s that we are crossing the line between justice and state encouragement of executions. If that’s the line we want to cross, well let’s say so clearly. And if we don’t want to cross that line, let’s say so? Amnesty? Human Rights Watch? Haven’t heard from them yet? What’s going on?"

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"More than 400 British Isis jihadis have already returned to UK, report warns"

Dem neuen Bericht des Soufan Centre zufolge sind über 400 britische Dschihadisten bereits wieder aus Syrien und Irak nach Großbritannien zurückgekehrt. Die Gefahr, die von den Rückkehrern ausgehe, werde von Experten unterschiedlich eingeschätzt, berichtet Lizzie Dearden. "Max Hill QC, the independent reviewer of terrorism legislation, has (...) called for a focus on 'reintegration' in cases where authorities have decided individuals who return should not face prosecution. He said it was right that security services have left space for those who travelled out of a sense of naivety, at a young age and who return in a 'state of utter disillusionment' to be diverted away from the criminal courts. (...) analysts disagree about the threat posed by returning foreign fighters, arguing that some may not want to attack their home countries and that others’ experiences could be used for counter-extremism efforts."

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"Isis kills 128 civilians in 'revenge' surprise counter attack on Syrian town"

Kämpfer des "Islamischen Staates" haben nach einer kurzzeitigen Eroberung der syrischen Stadt Al-Qaryatayn Berichten zufolge mindestens 128 Zivilisten getötet. "It is still not clear how militants were able to carry out a successful offensive so far away from supply lines. Isis has been known to use sleeper cells, often dressed in the uniforms of government or Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) soldiers, to carry out attacks behind enemy lines in the past. While the militants’ counter offensive took Bashar al-Assad’s forces by surprise, it came as the group continued to steadily lose control of its once huge empire across both Syria and Iraq."

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"Swedish city to offer returning Isis fighters housing and benefits in reintegration programme"

In der schwedischen Stadt Lund sollen zurückkehrende IS-Kämpfer in einem Pilotprojekt so schnell wie möglich wieder in die Gesellschaft integriert werden. "Anna Sjöstrand, the municipal coordinator against violent extremism, acknowledged the proposals were controversial but argued that the same approach should be taken to Isis defectors as to those leaving organised crime and neo-Nazi groups. 'When this subject came up we thought: 'Oh god, how should we handle this',' she told national broadcaster Sveriges Radio. 'Pretty quickly we realized that we should deal with this in the same way. 'If you have committed a criminal act should take responsibility for it, but there are many aspects - one could for example look at it in terms of cost.' 'It is much cheaper to reintegrate a person into society than to abandon them, for example.'"

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"Kurds face transformation of Iraq's political map as they lose territory in face of government advance"

Die irakischen Kurden haben Patrick Cockburn zufolge in den vergangenen zwei Tagen 40 Prozent ihres bis dahin kontrollierten Territoriums verloren. Dies sei eines der "großen Desaster" der kurdischen Geschichte. Der Rückzug angesichts der militärischen Überlegenheit der irakischen Regierungstruppen sei allerdings unvermeidlich gewesen. "Responsibility for the disaster will be debated by Iraqi Kurds for decades to come, but in practice it was the result of Mr Barzani overplaying his hand and divisions between Kurdish parties which meant that they did not have a military option against Baghdad. Thanks to the referendum, the Iraqi Kurds have not only will they have failed to win independence, but will find the autonomy they previously took for granted under threat as Baghdad tightens its control on the Kurdish provinces."

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"Isis calls on women to fight and launch terror attacks for first time"

Der "Islamische Staat" hat zum ersten Mal auch weibliche Anhänger direkt zu Terroranschlägen im Westen aufgefordert. Lizzie Dearden hält dies für eine "alarmierende Entwicklung", die globale Konsequenzen haben könnte. "Isis has previously prohibited women from fighting on the battlefield, encouraging them to marry fighters, spread propaganda and bear and indoctrinate children to populate its so-called Islamic State. Charlie Winter, a senior research fellow at the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence (ICSR), said recent propaganda statements had hinted a change was imminent but the direct instructions were 'unprecedented'. 'There are lots of different implications – potentially the most important relate to security and counter-terrorism, as well the fighting in Syria and Iraq,' he told The Independent."

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"US-backed forces take 90% of Raqqa from Isis in major offensive"

Die von den USA unterstützten Truppen haben nach einer Großoffensive offenbar über 80% der einstigen syrischen IS-Hochburg Raqqa erobert. "The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said on Wednesday almost all of the city was now held by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF). A statement from the SDF's top command said Operation Euphrates Wrath has reached its 'final stages' after Isis first occupied the city more than three years ago. After steady progress from both the west and east approaches to the city, the SDF said it had managed to open a new northern front, descriing the campaign as 'nearing its end'."

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"German teenage 'Isis bride' could face death penalty in Iraq"

Die im Irak festgenommene 16-jährige deutsche IS-Kämpferin Linda Wenzel könnte Premierminister Haider al-Abadi zufolge zum Tode verurteilt werden. "'You know teenagers under certain laws, they are accountable for their actions especially if the act is a criminal activity when it amounts to killing innocent people,' the Prime Minister said in an interview with the Associated Press. Iraq carried out at least 88 executions by hanging in 2016 and has put to death large numbers of people for terrorism offences since wresting Mosul back from Isis. If tried in Germany, Linda could face a prison term between one and ten years. Germany's Foreign Ministry previously said they were working on returning the teen and three other German women who are imprisoned in Iraq, but there is currently no extradition treaty between the two countries."

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"How fake news in the Middle East is a powder keg waiting to blow"

Bethan McKernan warnt, dass die immer professionellere Verbreitung sogenannter "Fake News" "explosive Folgen" für Konflikte im Nahen Osten haben könnte. "The impact the new fake news ecosystem could have when the Middle East’s appetite for half-truths meets increasingly sophisticated methods of spreading political disinformation, however, are not yet known – and could have devastating consequences. The possibility for fresh disruption in the increasingly polarised region is immense, said Dr Jean Marc Rikli, a research fellow at King’s College London and the Geneva Centre for Security Policy. 'The potential explosive power of fake news sites is even more important in societies that are unstable or weak or divided along sectarian lines in the first place,' he said. 'When fake news targets that aspect of identity it has a very strong mobilising power,' he added."

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"The West might hardly believe it, but it now seems the Syrian war is ending – and Assad is the victor"

Die Regierung in Damaskus ist Robert Fisk zufolge dabei, den Krieg in Syrien endgültig zu ihren Gunsten zu entscheiden. Die militärische Landkarte in der Region habe sich in den vergangenen Wochen und Monaten deutlich verändert. "The Brits already seem to have got the message. They slyly withdrew their military trainers last week – the men intended to prepare David Cameron’s mythical '70,000 rebels' who were supposedly going to overthrow the Assad government. Even the UN’s report that the regime killed more than 80 civilians in a gas attack this summer got little play from the European politicians who used to play up war crimes in Syria and supported Donald Trump’s pointless Cruise missile attack on a Syrian airbase. (...) The repeated victories of the Syrians mean that the Syrian army is among the most 'battle-hardened' in the region, its soldiers used to fighting for their lives and now trained in coordinating troops and intelligence from a single command headquarters. As former St Antony’s College associate scholar Sharmine Narwani put it this week, this alliance now has political cover from two permanent UN Security Council members, Russia and China."

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"Washington DC’s role behind the scenes in Hollywood goes deeper than you think"

Der Einfluss der US-Regierung auf TV- und Kinofilmproduktionen aus Hollywood ist Matthew Alford zufolge größer als bisher angenommen. "Files we obtained, mainly through the US Freedom of Information Act, show that between 1911 and 2017, more than 800 feature films received support from the US Government’s Department of Defence (DoD), a significantly higher figure than previous estimates indicate. These included blockbuster franchises such as Transformers, Iron Man, and The Terminator. On television, we found over 1,100 titles received Pentagon backing – 900 of them since 2005, from Flight 93 to Ice Road Truckers to Army Wives. When we include individual episodes for long running shows like 24, Homeland, and NCIS, as well as the influence of other major organisations like the FBI and White House, we can establish unequivocally for the first time that the national security state has supported thousands of hours of entertainment."

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"This is why young European Muslims are joining Isis"

Imam Qari Asim von der Makkah Mosque in der englischen Stadt Leeds besteht darauf, dass die extremistischen Anschläge der jüngeren Zeit mit dem Islam nichts zu tun hätten. Die Anfälligkeit der zumeist sehr jungen Täter für die IS-Ideologie sei vor allem auf Islamophobie und soziopolitische und –ökonomische Lebensumstände zurückzuführen. "Islamophobia, disproportionate levels of unemployment, discrimination, poor housing and educational disadvantage are used as powerful tools for Isis to recruit frustrated young people who do not have sense of belonging. It is not by choice that the vast majority of European Muslims live in social enclaves, rather this segregation is largely a product of social and economic exclusion. Isis offer these disenfranchised young people a highly seductive subculture – a cultural community and a new life that is emotionally rewarding. States across Europe needs to invest in young Muslims, create job opportunities and bring prosperity to their lives, leading to better economic and social integration. This is not to say that Muslims should be treated favourably, rather equally."

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"North Korea crisis: China could stay 'neutral' if Pyongyang launches nuclear strikes"

In einem Kommentar der Global Times, der englischsprachigen Tageszeitung der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas, sei die Empfehlung geäußert worden, dass China im Fall eines Angriffs Nordkoreas auf die USA neutral bleiben sollte, berichten Ben Blanchard und James Oliphant aus Peking. "'China should also make clear that if North Korea launches missiles that threaten US soil first and the US retaliates, China will stay neutral,' the Global Times, which is widely read but does not represent government policy, said in an editorial. 'If the US and South Korea carry out strikes and try to overthrow the North Korean regime and change the political pattern of the Korean Peninsula, China will prevent them from doing so,' it said."

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"How Isis attracts women and girls from Europe with false offer of 'empowerment'"

Eine neue Untersuchung kommt Lizzie Dearden zufolge zu dem Schluss, dass sich einige junge Frauen in Europa aus durchaus komplexen Gründen dem "Islamischen Staat" in Syrien und Irak angeschlossen hätten. "The research, by the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI), said the reasons that drove hundreds of women to journey from Europe to Isis territories were 'complex'. Emily Winterbotham, the report’s co-author, said the use of the term 'jihadi bride' to describe all female Isis members was reductive. (...) Possible draws were found to include 'a rejection of Western feminism, online contact with recruiters who offer marriage and adventure, peer or family influence, adherence to Isis ideology, naivety and romantic optimism, and the chance to be part of something new, exciting and illicit'. (...) After speaking to men and women who knew female Isis supporters or worked in de-radicalisation programmes, they found that some women saw the so-called Islamic State as a source of 'empowerment' despite its subjugation of women, violent enforcement of its interpretation of Sharia law and genocide against the Yazidis."

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"South Korea 'considering developing nuclear programme' to counter threat from North"

In Südkorea werden die Stimmen lauter, die angesichts der neuen Ausrichtung der US-Außenpolitik ein eigenes Atomwaffenprogramm fordern. "During last year’s presidential campaign, the Republican suggested South Korea and Japan should develop their own nuclear arsenals in response to the threat from North Korea. 'Trump’s 'America-first' policy has triggered this kind of public sentiment,' said Moon Chung In, a national security adviser to South Korean President Moon Jae In. Mr Moon is against calls for South Korea to develop a nuclear programme but polls suggest the proposal has the support of a majority of the public."

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