US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Guardian


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"'Now it's just ghosts': Yemenis living under the shadow of death by airstrike"

Bethan McKernan berichtet in dieser Reportage aus Jemen über die Folgen des saudi-arabischen Luftkriegs für die Bevölkerung. "Death comes from above at any time. Over a lunch of chicken, rice and sweet honeyed fatteh, the unmistakable thud of a nearby missile shook the windows of a restaurant. The diners paid no attention to the whine of the Saudi warplane even as it circled back for a second, third and fourth hit. The scorched earth strategy has not brought Saudi Arabia any closer to winning this war. Its crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman, then defence minister, launched Operation Decisive Storm in March 2015 after the Iran-backed Houthis took the capital Sana’a, forcing Hadi to flee to Riyadh. However, the Houthis – officially known as Ansar Allah - are an experienced decades-old guerrilla movement. With the help of Tehran, they now possess sophisticated drone technology and can launch cross-border rocket attacks deep into Saudi Arabia, targeting assets such as oilfields, military bases and airports."

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"Afghanistan election: turnout may have been as low as 20% amid Taliban threats"

Beobachter fürchten, dass die meisten Afghanen der gerade beendeten Präsidentschaftswahl aufgrund der Drohungen und Anschläge der Taliban ferngeblieben sind. "If the figures are consistent with the booths yet to report it would indicate that less than a quarter of the country’s 9.6 million registered voters cast their ballot on Saturday, a steep decline from the approximately 60% of eligible voters who participated in the 2004 polls. An Afghan official told Reuters the turnout figure could be as low as 20%. This would be the lowest level since the 2001 US-led invasion. (...) the election was marred was by accusations of fraud and misconduct, increasing fears of a contested result that could drive the country into further chaos amid resurgent violence by the Taliban, the Afghan national army and its western allies."

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"Beware, Democrats. Impeaching Trump will backfire"

Carlo Invernizzi-Accetti hält ein Amtsenthebungsverfahren gegen US-Präsident Trump wegen Machtmissbrauchs aus verfassungsrechtlicher Sicht für durchaus angebracht. In der politischen Realität würde ein solches Verfahren allerdings vor allem den Demokraten schaden, so seine Erwartung. Als warnendes Beispiel verweist er auf die politische Karriere von Silvio Berlusconi: "A cautionary example may be offered here by a figure that anticipated many aspects of Trump’s political style. During the time of Silvio Berlusconi’s premiership in Italy, the country’s left-leaning Democratic party virtually converted itself into a 'party of impeachment'. Although one of the many proceedings initiated against him did result in condemnation, ultimately forcing him out of office, the fact that Berlusconi was not defeated politically at the polls, but only juridically in court, meant that the underlying reasons for his electoral popularity were never dented. Thus, even after Berlusconi’s ouster, the country has seen a succession of populist leaders replicating important features of his political style and substance – from the comedian-turned-politician Beppe Grillo up to the far-right nationalist Matteo Salvini. This shows that there is a risk of legal proceedings distracting from the underlying political issues. If that happens, the US may at most get rid of Trump himself, but wouldn’t necessarily overcome the broader problem of Trump-ism as a political phenomenon."

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"Saudi Arabia won’t attack Iran. But it may pay someone else to"

Sollte sich Saudi-Arabien nach dem Angriff auf seine Ölanlagen zu einem Gegenschlag gegen den Iran entschließen, würde es diese Operation kaum selbst durchführen, ist Nesrine Malik überzeugt. "There is a longstanding joke told in the Middle East about Saudi Arabia’s reluctance to fight its own wars. 'Saudi Arabia will fight until the last Pakistani,' the punchline goes, in reference to the fact that Pakistani troops have long supported Saudi’s military endeavours. The punchline has expanded lately to include the Sudanese, a recent addition to the Saudi army’s ground troops. Saudi Arabia is accustomed to buying labour that it deems too menial for its citizens, and it extends that philosophy to its army. There is always a poorer country ready to send cannon fodder for the right price. (...) It is baffling, in the light of last week’s attacks on two Saudi oil facilities, that there is so much speculation about Saudi and Iran going to war. Saudi does not 'go to war': it hires proxies, and depends on US gullibility to continue the lie that it is the regional peacekeeper, and that any threat to the country destabilises the region."

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"Johnson’s ugly rhetoric thrills the far right, but he’s playing with fire"

Owen Jones wirft dem britischen Premierminister vor, mit seiner schlimmen Rhetorik die extreme Rechte zu begeistern. Zum ersten Mal in der Geschichte Großbritanniens gebe es einen Premierminister, den Rechtsextremisten als ihren Anführer betrachteten. "This development should be an alarming warning for Johnson and Cummings. When you assail opponents for backing a 'surrender bill' or denounce them as 'collaborators', as Johnson has done; when you paint a picture, in primary colours, of 'parliament versus the people' – as though a den of traitors is at war with the populace – are you really oblivious to the consequences? Does the sight of tanked-up thugs chanting your name in central London not give you pause for thought? A far-right street movement is real, serious and determined, and our rulers cannot dismiss it as irrelevant. Already, individuals with public platforms who hold unapologetic progressive opinions know that to express them is to put themselves and their loved ones at risk. The danger is that recent events foreshadow something much uglier. In the last election, Labour members were demonised as terrorist supporters and Britain-haters – tropes embraced by the far right. This time, the boots on the street are stronger, the political context more vicious and defined by increasingly irreconcilable divisions. In such a setting, what will an even uglier campaign waged by the Tories and their media outriders mean? Even before Jeremy Corbyn’s team was surrounded by far-right activists – yelling 'traitor' and 'We love you, Boris, we do' – in Salford last week, members of his operation fretted about the rising security threat."

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"Ekrem İmamoğlu: who is Istanbul election winner and how did he do it?"

Ekrem Imamoglu hat die Bürgermeisterwahl in der türkischen Metropole Istanbul auch beim zweiten Mal gewonnen. Damit ist der Oppositionspolitiker Bethan McKernan zufolge zum wichtigsten innenpolitischen Rivalen von Präsident Erdogan und zu einer unerwarteten neuen Hoffnung für die türkische Demokratie aufgestiegen. "Despite almost blanket pro-government media coverage for Yıldırım, İmamoğlu’s March campaign managed to draw votes from the city’s Kurdish minority who were unhappy with the arrests of Kurdish politicians, as well as working-class AKP voters suffering from an inflation rate above 20% and rising unemployment. The shock CHP victory broke Islamist parties’ grip on Turkey’s biggest city and economic heart for the first time in 25 years. In the build up to Sunday’s rerun, the AKP has recalibrated its platform, reaching out to Kurdish voters and even rebranding some of İmamoğlu’s policies as its own, such as subsidised public transport for young people. The AKP efforts have come to naught, however: able to play both victor and victim in this weekend’s vote, İmamoğlu has cast the new election as a battle for the future of Turkish democracy. Opinion polls showed his lead over Yildirim had widened by 8-9%."

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"US launched cyber attack on Iranian rockets and missiles – reports"

Das US-Militär hat Berichten zufolge am vergangenen Donnerstag Cyberangriffe gegen iranische Raketensysteme durchgeführt. "The US military launched a cyber-attack on Iranian weapons systems on Thursday, according to sources, as President Donald Trump backed away from plans for a more conventional strike in response to Iran’s downing of a US surveillance drone. The hack disabled Iranian computer systems that controlled its rocket and missile launchers, two officials told the Associated Press, and were conducted with approval from Trump. A third official confirmed the broad outlines of the strike. All spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to speak publicly about the operation."

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"'The Saudis couldn’t do it without us': the UK’s true role in Yemen’s deadly war"

Neben den USA unterstützt auch Großbritannien die von Saudi-Arabien angeführte Kriegsallianz in Jemen tatkräftig. Arron Merat beschreibt in diesem ausführlichen Bericht, wie sehr die Saudis auf die militärische Hilfe und die britische Expertise angewiesen sind. "Saudi Arabia has in effect contracted out vital parts of its war against Yemen’s Houthi movement to the US and the UK. Britain does not merely supply weapons for this war: it provides the personnel and expertise required to keep the war going. The British government has deployed RAF personnel to work as engineers, and to train Saudi pilots and targeteers – while an even larger role is played by BAE Systems, Britain’s biggest arms company, which the government has subcontracted to provide weapons, maintenance and engineers inside Saudi Arabia. 'The Saudi bosses absolutely depend on BAE Systems,' John Deverell, a former MoD mandarin and defence attache to Saudi Arabia and Yemen, told me. 'They couldn’t do it without us.' A BAE employee recently put it more plainly to Channel 4’s Dispatches: 'If we weren’t there, in seven to 14 days there wouldn’t be a jet in the sky.'"

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"'Trump Heights': Israeli settlement in Golan named after US president"

Israel hat eine Siedlung auf den besetzten Golanhöhen wie angekündigt nach US-Präsident Trump benannt. "Israel’s claim to the strategic volcanic plateau that overlooks Lebanon, Jordan and the Sea of Galilee has been rebuked by the UN and never internationally recognised. For decades, Israeli settlement in the Golan Heights had been globally shunned. That was until Trump heard about it and recognised Israel’s claim with a tweet. To thank his benefactor, Benjamin Netanyahu said he would name a settlement after the US president. On Sunday, the Israeli prime minister and his cabinet convened in the tiny outpost for the inauguration of its new title, emblazoned on a giant billboard: 'Ramat Trump' – or Trump Heights."

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"Steve Bell on the 75th anniversary of D-day"

Der seit 1981 im Guardian veröffentlichte Karikaturist Steve Bell erinnert mit diesem Cartoon zum 75. Jahrestag der Landung der Alliierten in der Normandie auch an den Beitrag sowjetischer Soldaten zum Sieg über Nazi-Deutschland.

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"Sudan paramilitaries raped and assaulted protesters and medics"

Jason Burke, Afrika-Korrespondent des Guardians, berichtet über neue Details des gewaltsamen Vorgehens gegen Protestierende in einem Lager in der Hauptstadt Khartoum. "Paramilitaries (...) also committed multiple sexual assaults, beat up medical staff and volunteers at clinics, looted and destroyed property in hospitals and threatened doctors and medical workers with reprisals if they provided care to the wounded, witnesses have said. Hundreds were injured in the attack on a sit-in in the centre of the Sudanese capital and in clashes afterwards as the paramilitaries, from the feared Rapid Support Forces (RSF) spread through the city to quell sporadic unrest. Video clips circulated on social media show the RSF and other armed forces shooting and beating unarmed people on the streets. (...) Jehanne Henry, the associate Africa director of Human Rights Watch, said the reports of sexual assaults were credible but the extent of such violence was unclear. 'There are beatings on the streets. It looks like a bunch of thugs. There has been sexual violence … This would not be a surprise,' Henry said."

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"Julian Assange legal team begin 'big fight' over extradition"

Ben Quinn berichtet über die Gerichtsentscheidung gegen Julian Assange, der in London wegen des Verstoßes gegen seine Kautionsauflagen zu fast einem Jahr Haft verurteilt worden ist. Nun rücke der juristische Kampf gegen die Auslieferung des WikiLeaks-Gründers in die USA in den Vordergrund. "A struggle over the US request for Julian Assange’s extradition will open in court on Thursday morning, a day after the WikiLeaks founder was jailed for just under a year for breaching bail conditions to avoid being extradited to Sweden. (...) Speaking on the steps of the court afterwards, [Kristinn Hrafnsson, the editor-in-chief of the whistleblowing website,] said the sentence was vindictive, adding: 'It doesn’t give us a lot of faith in the UK justice system for the fight ahead.' Drawing a comparison with the sentence of Jack Shepherd, who killed a woman in a speedboat crash and later fled to Georgia, he added: 'And may I point out, just in comparison, that the so-called speedboat killer got six months for not showing up in court to hear his sentencing for manslaughter.'"

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"The caliphate is a hellscape of smoke and fire – Isis has nowhere left to go"

Bethan McKernan und Mohammed Rasool berichten in dieser Reportage aus Baghuz in Syrien über den IS. "Five years after Isis swept across Syria and Iraq, all that remains of the 'caliphate' that at its peak stretched across two countries and controlled 10 million people is a handful of streets in a bend of the Euphrates river running through this desert town, which will be retaken in the next few days. Trapped from the east and the west by advancing Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and by the Syrian regime and Russia on the other side of the river, the caliphate is a hellscape of smoke and fire. There is nowhere left for the fighters to go. The US-led coalition is making up for lost time in the fight to drive Isis out of its last stronghold. After a 10-day truce to evacuate women and children from the town, the offensive restarted this weekend at a tempo not seen even in the major battles for the cities of Mosul and Raqqa."

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"Spain would 'roundly condemn' use of force in Venezuela"

Der spanische Außenminister hat einer Militärintervention zum Sturz von Präsident Maduro in Venezuela eine klare Absage erteilt. "Spain has warned that it will not back any military intervention in Venezuela after the South American country’s opposition leader, Juan Guaidó, urged other nations to consider 'all options' to remove the president, Nicolás Maduro, from power. Guaidó is due to meet the US vice-president, Mike Pence, in Colombia on Monday amid ongoing speculation that the Trump administration could use force to oust Maduro. (...) 'Not every option is on the table,' the country’s foreign minister, Josep Borrell, told the Spanish news agency Efe on Sunday. 'We have clearly warned that we would not support – and would roundly condemn – any foreign military intervention, which is something we hope won’t happen.'"

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"Jeremy Hunt urges Germany to rethink Saudi arms sales ban"

Der britische Außenminister Jeremy Hunt will die Bundesregierung bei seinem Berlin-Besuch dazu bewegen, den im vergangenen November beschlossenen Stopp deutscher Rüstungsexporte nach Saudi-Arabien wieder aufzuheben. "In his letter Hunt – who is in Germany to discuss the terms of Brexit – said British defence firms would not be able to fulfil several contracts with Riyadh, including the Eurofighter Typhoon and the Tornado fighter jet, both of which are made with parts affected by the German halt in deliveries to Saudi Arabia. Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, at the recent Munich Security Conference appeared to acknowledge the force of Hunt’s argument, supported by the European defence industry, by saying Germany and France needed to coordinate their arms sales export policies more closely if European defence integration is to function."

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"'The fighting was intense': witness tells of two-day attempt to kill Isis leader"

Martin Chulov berichtet in dieser Reportage über einen offenbar fehlgeschlagenen Versuch ausländischer IS-Kämpfer, den Anführer des "Islamischen Staates", Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, im Osten Syriens zu töten. "Fresh details have emerged of the coup attempt against Isis leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, with witnesses claiming foreign members of the terror group lost a two-day battle with his bodyguards before being rounded up and executed. A witness who spoke to the Guardian after being smuggled from the last hamlet in eastern Syria held by Isis, said the clash took place in al Keshma, a village next to Baghouz in September, three months earlier than regional intelligence officials believed it had taken place. (...) A senior military official from the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), the Kurdish-led force battling Isis, said other members of Isis’ foreign legion had joined the fight, including Algerians and Moroccans. 'It was a really tough clash and they excommunicated the losers,' said an SDF commander at the Baghouz frontline, who uses the nom de guerre Adnan Afrini."

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"‘Maduro, our amigo’: loyalists in Venezuela cling to their man"

Tom Phillips und Patricia Torres berichten, dass Präsident Maduro von Teilen der Bevölkerung in Venezuela immer noch unterstützt werde. Die Bewegung der "Chavistas" sei allerdings im Vergleich zu früheren Jahren deutlich geschrumpft. "(...) as a revolt against Chávez’s heir enters its fourth week, political observers and former Chavista insiders say that claim to popular support has never been flimsier. 'Chavismo is broken … If they carry on like this, they will have nothing left,' said Nicmer Evans, a longtime loyalist who split with the movement in 2013, and believes that Maduro must now resign if that movement is to survive. (...) Evans estimated Chávez, who first took office 20 years ago and governed until his death in 2013, had been able to rely on a hardcore support base of about 30% of voters. For years those diehard disciples lived by the maxim: 'Con hambre y sin empleo, con Chávez me resteo' – 'Even hungry and jobless, I’ll stick with Chávez.' Under Maduro – who has presided over one of the most severe economic collapses in recent history – that support base had plummeted to about 10%, Evans thought. And he predicted that figure would shrink further as sweeping US oil sanctions devastate the economy."

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"World’s biggest intelligence headquarters opens in Berlin"

Emily Schultheis berichtet aus Berlin über die Eröffnung der neuen BND-Zentrale, des "größten Geheimdienst-Hauptquartiers der Welt". "More than €1bn (£870m) and 12 years after construction began, Germany’s Federal Intelligence Service (BND) has officially opened its new Berlin home, the world’s biggest intelligence headquarters with a footprint the size of 36 football pitches. The building, close to the route of the former Berlin Wall, is one of Germany’s most secretive spaces, with strict security rules governing what employees there can and cannot do. (...) Its bold new presence is meant to signal a more self-confident global role but the agency is not without critics in Germany, where security services can evoke memories of the Stasi and Gestapo. Revelations in 2013 from Edward Snowden that the agency closely cooperated with US and British services in the surveillance of digital communications shocked many and led it reduce cooperation with the US National Security Agency."

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"EU countries recognise Juan Guaidó as interim Venezuelan leader"

Nach dem Ablauf eines Ultimatums an Präsident Maduro in Venezuela haben die ersten EU-Länder Oppositionsführer Juan Guaidó als Interimspräsident offiziell anerkannt. "European countries including Spain, France, the UK, Germany, Sweden and Denmark have recognised Juan Guaidó as interim president of Venezuela in a coordinated move made after a deadline for Nicolás Maduro to call presidential elections expired. (...) Maduro, who has overseen an economic collapse and the exodus of millions of Venezuelans, has accused Europe’s ruling elite of sycophantically following US president Donald Trump’s agenda. The US, Canada and several Latin American countries have disavowed Maduro over his disputed re-election last year, and backed Guaidó."

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"What has happened in Venezuela is a coup. Trump’s denial is dangerous"

Oscar Guardiola-Rivera warnt, dass der "Putsch" in Venezuela militärisch eskalieren und durch die Beteiligung der Verbündeten beider Seiten die ganze Welt bedrohen könnte. "Trump and the others will be ready to go for the more muscular approach. Not by accident, this could also benefit Trump as elections approach or if he is cornered by investigations and impeachment. War distracts and makes money. Only this won’t be a regional plunder: China and Russia, both with key interests in Venezuela and elsewhere in the region, have followed Bolivia, Mexico, Uruguay and Cuba to call Guaidó’s stunt by its real name: a coup. Russia has indicated it would come to the defence of its ally. (...) There is plenty to criticise Maduro for: late or misguided economic measures, corruption, power-hoarding. But these criticisms cannot disguise a coup or justify an intervention that, if and when it comes, would engulf us all. Trump counts on Colombia’s Iván Duque, Alvaro Uribe’s appointee, and Brazil’s neo-fascists to support this, contributing troops of their own if needed. A neo-fascist runs one of the Americas’ powerhouses in Brazil; a narcissistic liar afraid of being painted into a corner runs the other. That combination is toxic."

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"Russia and key allies vow to stand by Maduro in Venezuela crisis"

Russland hat sich in der innenpolitischen Krise in Venezuela an die Seite von Staatspräsident Maduro gestellt. "Russia, a major Venezuelan ally, considers attempts to force Maduro from power to be illegal, Vyacheslav Volodin, the speaker of Russia’s lower house of parliament, was quoted as saying on Thursday by the Interfax news agency. Franz Klintsevich, a senator and retired colonel, has warned that Moscow could wind up its military cooperation with Venezuela if Maduro, who he called the legitimately-elected president, was ousted. Other MPs criticised US actions against Maduro. 'The US is trying to carry out an operation to organise the next ‘colour revolution’ in Venezuela,' said Andrei Klimov, deputy chairman of the foreign affairs committee of the upper house of parliament, using a term for the popular uprisings that unseated leaders in Georgia, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan. Another committee member, Vladimir Dzhabrailov, said: 'I do not think that we can recognise this – it is, in essence, a coup.'"

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"Kenya received warnings of imminent al-Shabaab terror attack"

Jason Burke berichtet über den Angriff auf ein Hotel in Nairobi, bei dem mindestens 14 Menschen getötet wurden. Die Sicherheitsbehörden Kenias haben demnach offenbar frühe Warnungen vor einem Angriff erhalten. "The news of the warnings will embarrass authorities in Kenya, which is seen as a key local counter-terrorist player by the US, UK and other western powers. (...) Experts said Wednesday’s attack was designed to attract media attention. (...) A second factor may be to influence public opinion in Kenya. Kenyan forces are deployed in Somalia as part of multinational efforts to fight al-Shabaab. The Nairobi attack took place on the third anniversary of a huge assault on a Kenyan base in Somalia by militants in which as many as 180 Kenyan soldiers may have died."

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"Trump-Kim summit: president says US 'will be stopping the war games' – live"

Der Guardian hat das historische Gipfeltreffen zwischen US-Präsident Trump und Nordkoreas Staatschef Kim Jong-un in diesem Live-Blog verfolgt. Dazu gehört auch eine Zusammenstellung der ersten Reaktionen von Politikern, Experten und Journalisten auf die Ergebnisse des Treffens. So meint z.B. Nicholas Kristoff in der New York Times, dass Trump von Kim ausmanövriert worden sei: "Kim seems to have completely out-negotiated Trump, and it’s scary that Trump doesn’t seem to realize this. For now Trump has much less to show than past negotiators who hammered out deals with North Korea like the 1994 Agreed Framework, which completely froze the country’s plutonium program with a rigorous monitoring system ... For now at least, Trump seems to have been snookered into the same kind of deeply frustrating diplomatic process with North Korea that he has complained about, but that is far better than war."

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"North Korea sacks top three military officials, as nuclear summit nears"

Vor dem geplanten Gipfeltreffen mit Donald Trump hat Nordkoreas Staatschef Kim Jong-un offenbar drei hochrangige interne Kritiker seines neuen Kurses ihrer Ämter enthoben. "North Korea’s top three military officials have been removed from their posts, a senior US official said on Sunday, a shakeup that could signal the North’s leader, Kim Jong-un, is working to silence dissent ahead of a summit with Donald Trump in Singapore next week. (...) US officials believe there was some dissent in the military about Kim’s approaches to South Korea and the US. Kim likely wants to ensure any deal struck in his meeting with Trump will not face opposition at home. Since coming to power in 2011, Kim has conducted several purges in an effort to consolidate power. The young leader was just 27 years old when he took power in a society that reveres older cadres."

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"Colombia elections: rightwinger and former guerrilla head for presidential runoff"

Die Präsidentschaftswahlen in Kolumbien werden von Experten auch als Abstimmung über das Friedensabkommen mit den Farc-Rebellen gewertet. Bei der kommenden Stichwahl am 17. Juni werden sich nun ein rechtskonservativer Gegner des Abkommens und ein früheres Mitglied der Guerilla gegenüberstehen. "Colombians have failed to elect a president outright, setting the stage for a bitter runoff between two frontrunners from opposite ends of the political spectrum, while a peace process with leftist rebels hangs in the balance. Iván Duque, a hardline conservative who viscerally opposes the peace accord, took the largest share of the vote on Sunday with 39%, though fell short of the 50% required to win at the first round. Instead, he will face Gustavo Petro – a leftwinger and former mayor of Bogotá, who came second with 25% – in the second round on 17 June. Petro, himself once a guerrilla, was Colombia’s first progressive candidate in generations and had been expected to gain a larger share. But a third candidate, the more moderate Sergio Fajardo, appeared to siphon off Petro’s support, receiving 23%. It remains to be seen if Fajardo, a reformer and former mayor of Medellín, will back Petro in the second round."

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"Revealed: Trump team hired spy firm for ‘dirty ops’ on Iran arms deal"

Mitarbeiter von US-Präsident Trump haben dem Observer zufolge einen privaten israelischen Geheimdienst engagiert, um Diplomaten der Obama-Regierung, die das Atomabkommen mit dem Iran ausgehandelt haben, zu diskreditieren. "People in the Trump camp contacted private investigators in May last year to 'get dirt' on Ben Rhodes, who had been one of Barack Obama’s top national security advisers, and Colin Kahl, deputy assistant to Obama, as part of an elaborate attempt to discredit the deal. (...) Sources said that officials linked to Trump’s team contacted investigators days after Trump visited Tel Aviv a year ago, his first foreign tour as US president. Trump promised Netanyahu that Iran would never have nuclear weapons and suggested that the Iranians thought they could 'do what they want' since negotiating the nuclear deal in 2015. A source with details of the 'dirty tricks campaign' said: 'The idea was that people acting for Trump would discredit those who were pivotal in selling the deal, making it easier to pull out of it.'"

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"If Trump destroys the nuclear deal, Iran will fall to its hardliners"

Ein Scheitern des Atomabkommens mit dem Iran würde die Hardliner in Teheran stärken, warnt dagegen Saeed Kamali Dehghan. "(...) the collapse of the deal would be seen by the Iranian people as a huge betrayal. In 2013, Iranians brought the era of Holocaust-denier Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (despised at home after a fraudulent re-election in 2009), to a close. They put their trust in the reform-minded Hassan Rouhani, who subsequently fulfilled his promise to them of resolving the nuclear dispute with the west. Iran’s tech-savvy young people are by and large more progressive than previous generations. Last year, 24 million Iranians re-elected Rouhani by a landslide in an endorsement of his work on the deal. Yet just as the agreement is beginning to deliver, and with Iran fully complying, a new US administration seems set on scuppering it. (...) While the reformist president Mohammad Khatami was in office, George W Bush undermined him and shattered Iranians’ hopes of rapprochement by labelling the country part of the 'axis of evil'. Trump could be about to make exactly the same mistake with Rouhani."

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"In the court of Kim Jong-un: a ruthless, bellicose despot, but not mad"

Benjamin Haas und Justin McCurry haben für den Guardian in Tokio und Seoul über mehrere Wochen hinweg mit Experten und Insidern über das Regime in Nordkorea gesprochen. Nur eine Minderheit der Fachleute glaubt demnach, dass Diktator Kim Jong-un tatsächlich ein "Verrückter" sei, der leichtfertig Atomwaffen einsetzen würde. "'There’s no one directly influencing Kim Jong-un and if anyone emerges as some sort of second leader, Kim will kill them immediately,' said Park Byung-kwang of the Institute for National Security Strategy in Seoul, a thinktank affiliated with the country’s intelligence agency. 'He’s brutal, he’s ruthless, but he is also rational.' (...) But after months of outwitting Donald Trump, some experts fear a clash between Kim’s volatile personality and an equally unpredictable US president could take the current standoff in an even more worrying direction. 'I don’t think Kim Jong-un is crazy, but he does feel a need to maintain an image of strength and, like his forebears, he refuses to contemplate defeat,' says Bradley Martin, author of Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader: North Korea and the Kim Dynasty. 'He is playing not to arrange a draw but to win. If he’s cornered he may react the way imperial Japan reacted at Pearl Harbor, a way that could be described as suicidal.'"

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"Welcome to demokrasi: how Erdoğan got more popular than ever"

Die Türkei sei im Begriff eine neue Form der Demokratie zu etablieren, die in ein autoritäres Regime münden könnte, dass von der Mehrheit der Bevölkerung verherrlicht werde, schreibt Christopher de Bellaigue im Guardian. "Erdogan’s demokrasi may be 'illiberal' in its practice, but it represents a forceful expression of the people’s will – a blunt majoritarian riposte to an imagined democratic gold standard that in reality no longer exists."

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"UN pays tens of millions to Assad regime under Syria aid programme"

Der Guardian listet mehrere Verträge auf von Regierungen und Hilfsorganisationen, die mit dem Assad-Clan verbunden sind. "The UN has awarded contracts worth tens of millions of dollars to people closely associated with the Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, as part of an aid programme that critics fear is increasingly at the whim of the government in Damascus, a Guardian investigation has found."

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

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