US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Guardian


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"The caliphate is a hellscape of smoke and fire – Isis has nowhere left to go"

Bethan McKernan und Mohammed Rasool berichten in dieser Reportage aus Baghuz in Syrien über den IS. "Five years after Isis swept across Syria and Iraq, all that remains of the 'caliphate' that at its peak stretched across two countries and controlled 10 million people is a handful of streets in a bend of the Euphrates river running through this desert town, which will be retaken in the next few days. Trapped from the east and the west by advancing Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and by the Syrian regime and Russia on the other side of the river, the caliphate is a hellscape of smoke and fire. There is nowhere left for the fighters to go. The US-led coalition is making up for lost time in the fight to drive Isis out of its last stronghold. After a 10-day truce to evacuate women and children from the town, the offensive restarted this weekend at a tempo not seen even in the major battles for the cities of Mosul and Raqqa."

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"Spain would 'roundly condemn' use of force in Venezuela"

Der spanische Außenminister hat einer Militärintervention zum Sturz von Präsident Maduro in Venezuela eine klare Absage erteilt. "Spain has warned that it will not back any military intervention in Venezuela after the South American country’s opposition leader, Juan Guaidó, urged other nations to consider 'all options' to remove the president, Nicolás Maduro, from power. Guaidó is due to meet the US vice-president, Mike Pence, in Colombia on Monday amid ongoing speculation that the Trump administration could use force to oust Maduro. (...) 'Not every option is on the table,' the country’s foreign minister, Josep Borrell, told the Spanish news agency Efe on Sunday. 'We have clearly warned that we would not support – and would roundly condemn – any foreign military intervention, which is something we hope won’t happen.'"

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"Jeremy Hunt urges Germany to rethink Saudi arms sales ban"

Der britische Außenminister Jeremy Hunt will die Bundesregierung bei seinem Berlin-Besuch dazu bewegen, den im vergangenen November beschlossenen Stopp deutscher Rüstungsexporte nach Saudi-Arabien wieder aufzuheben. "In his letter Hunt – who is in Germany to discuss the terms of Brexit – said British defence firms would not be able to fulfil several contracts with Riyadh, including the Eurofighter Typhoon and the Tornado fighter jet, both of which are made with parts affected by the German halt in deliveries to Saudi Arabia. Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, at the recent Munich Security Conference appeared to acknowledge the force of Hunt’s argument, supported by the European defence industry, by saying Germany and France needed to coordinate their arms sales export policies more closely if European defence integration is to function."

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"'The fighting was intense': witness tells of two-day attempt to kill Isis leader"

Martin Chulov berichtet in dieser Reportage über einen offenbar fehlgeschlagenen Versuch ausländischer IS-Kämpfer, den Anführer des "Islamischen Staates", Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, im Osten Syriens zu töten. "Fresh details have emerged of the coup attempt against Isis leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, with witnesses claiming foreign members of the terror group lost a two-day battle with his bodyguards before being rounded up and executed. A witness who spoke to the Guardian after being smuggled from the last hamlet in eastern Syria held by Isis, said the clash took place in al Keshma, a village next to Baghouz in September, three months earlier than regional intelligence officials believed it had taken place. (...) A senior military official from the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), the Kurdish-led force battling Isis, said other members of Isis’ foreign legion had joined the fight, including Algerians and Moroccans. 'It was a really tough clash and they excommunicated the losers,' said an SDF commander at the Baghouz frontline, who uses the nom de guerre Adnan Afrini."

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"‘Maduro, our amigo’: loyalists in Venezuela cling to their man"

Tom Phillips und Patricia Torres berichten, dass Präsident Maduro von Teilen der Bevölkerung in Venezuela immer noch unterstützt werde. Die Bewegung der "Chavistas" sei allerdings im Vergleich zu früheren Jahren deutlich geschrumpft. "(...) as a revolt against Chávez’s heir enters its fourth week, political observers and former Chavista insiders say that claim to popular support has never been flimsier. 'Chavismo is broken … If they carry on like this, they will have nothing left,' said Nicmer Evans, a longtime loyalist who split with the movement in 2013, and believes that Maduro must now resign if that movement is to survive. (...) Evans estimated Chávez, who first took office 20 years ago and governed until his death in 2013, had been able to rely on a hardcore support base of about 30% of voters. For years those diehard disciples lived by the maxim: 'Con hambre y sin empleo, con Chávez me resteo' – 'Even hungry and jobless, I’ll stick with Chávez.' Under Maduro – who has presided over one of the most severe economic collapses in recent history – that support base had plummeted to about 10%, Evans thought. And he predicted that figure would shrink further as sweeping US oil sanctions devastate the economy."

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"World’s biggest intelligence headquarters opens in Berlin"

Emily Schultheis berichtet aus Berlin über die Eröffnung der neuen BND-Zentrale, des "größten Geheimdienst-Hauptquartiers der Welt". "More than €1bn (£870m) and 12 years after construction began, Germany’s Federal Intelligence Service (BND) has officially opened its new Berlin home, the world’s biggest intelligence headquarters with a footprint the size of 36 football pitches. The building, close to the route of the former Berlin Wall, is one of Germany’s most secretive spaces, with strict security rules governing what employees there can and cannot do. (...) Its bold new presence is meant to signal a more self-confident global role but the agency is not without critics in Germany, where security services can evoke memories of the Stasi and Gestapo. Revelations in 2013 from Edward Snowden that the agency closely cooperated with US and British services in the surveillance of digital communications shocked many and led it reduce cooperation with the US National Security Agency."

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"EU countries recognise Juan Guaidó as interim Venezuelan leader"

Nach dem Ablauf eines Ultimatums an Präsident Maduro in Venezuela haben die ersten EU-Länder Oppositionsführer Juan Guaidó als Interimspräsident offiziell anerkannt. "European countries including Spain, France, the UK, Germany, Sweden and Denmark have recognised Juan Guaidó as interim president of Venezuela in a coordinated move made after a deadline for Nicolás Maduro to call presidential elections expired. (...) Maduro, who has overseen an economic collapse and the exodus of millions of Venezuelans, has accused Europe’s ruling elite of sycophantically following US president Donald Trump’s agenda. The US, Canada and several Latin American countries have disavowed Maduro over his disputed re-election last year, and backed Guaidó."

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"What has happened in Venezuela is a coup. Trump’s denial is dangerous"

Oscar Guardiola-Rivera warnt, dass der "Putsch" in Venezuela militärisch eskalieren und durch die Beteiligung der Verbündeten beider Seiten die ganze Welt bedrohen könnte. "Trump and the others will be ready to go for the more muscular approach. Not by accident, this could also benefit Trump as elections approach or if he is cornered by investigations and impeachment. War distracts and makes money. Only this won’t be a regional plunder: China and Russia, both with key interests in Venezuela and elsewhere in the region, have followed Bolivia, Mexico, Uruguay and Cuba to call Guaidó’s stunt by its real name: a coup. Russia has indicated it would come to the defence of its ally. (...) There is plenty to criticise Maduro for: late or misguided economic measures, corruption, power-hoarding. But these criticisms cannot disguise a coup or justify an intervention that, if and when it comes, would engulf us all. Trump counts on Colombia’s Iván Duque, Alvaro Uribe’s appointee, and Brazil’s neo-fascists to support this, contributing troops of their own if needed. A neo-fascist runs one of the Americas’ powerhouses in Brazil; a narcissistic liar afraid of being painted into a corner runs the other. That combination is toxic."

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"Russia and key allies vow to stand by Maduro in Venezuela crisis"

Russland hat sich in der innenpolitischen Krise in Venezuela an die Seite von Staatspräsident Maduro gestellt. "Russia, a major Venezuelan ally, considers attempts to force Maduro from power to be illegal, Vyacheslav Volodin, the speaker of Russia’s lower house of parliament, was quoted as saying on Thursday by the Interfax news agency. Franz Klintsevich, a senator and retired colonel, has warned that Moscow could wind up its military cooperation with Venezuela if Maduro, who he called the legitimately-elected president, was ousted. Other MPs criticised US actions against Maduro. 'The US is trying to carry out an operation to organise the next ‘colour revolution’ in Venezuela,' said Andrei Klimov, deputy chairman of the foreign affairs committee of the upper house of parliament, using a term for the popular uprisings that unseated leaders in Georgia, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan. Another committee member, Vladimir Dzhabrailov, said: 'I do not think that we can recognise this – it is, in essence, a coup.'"

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"Kenya received warnings of imminent al-Shabaab terror attack"

Jason Burke berichtet über den Angriff auf ein Hotel in Nairobi, bei dem mindestens 14 Menschen getötet wurden. Die Sicherheitsbehörden Kenias haben demnach offenbar frühe Warnungen vor einem Angriff erhalten. "The news of the warnings will embarrass authorities in Kenya, which is seen as a key local counter-terrorist player by the US, UK and other western powers. (...) Experts said Wednesday’s attack was designed to attract media attention. (...) A second factor may be to influence public opinion in Kenya. Kenyan forces are deployed in Somalia as part of multinational efforts to fight al-Shabaab. The Nairobi attack took place on the third anniversary of a huge assault on a Kenyan base in Somalia by militants in which as many as 180 Kenyan soldiers may have died."

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"Trump-Kim summit: president says US 'will be stopping the war games' – live"

Der Guardian hat das historische Gipfeltreffen zwischen US-Präsident Trump und Nordkoreas Staatschef Kim Jong-un in diesem Live-Blog verfolgt. Dazu gehört auch eine Zusammenstellung der ersten Reaktionen von Politikern, Experten und Journalisten auf die Ergebnisse des Treffens. So meint z.B. Nicholas Kristoff in der New York Times, dass Trump von Kim ausmanövriert worden sei: "Kim seems to have completely out-negotiated Trump, and it’s scary that Trump doesn’t seem to realize this. For now Trump has much less to show than past negotiators who hammered out deals with North Korea like the 1994 Agreed Framework, which completely froze the country’s plutonium program with a rigorous monitoring system ... For now at least, Trump seems to have been snookered into the same kind of deeply frustrating diplomatic process with North Korea that he has complained about, but that is far better than war."

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"North Korea sacks top three military officials, as nuclear summit nears"

Vor dem geplanten Gipfeltreffen mit Donald Trump hat Nordkoreas Staatschef Kim Jong-un offenbar drei hochrangige interne Kritiker seines neuen Kurses ihrer Ämter enthoben. "North Korea’s top three military officials have been removed from their posts, a senior US official said on Sunday, a shakeup that could signal the North’s leader, Kim Jong-un, is working to silence dissent ahead of a summit with Donald Trump in Singapore next week. (...) US officials believe there was some dissent in the military about Kim’s approaches to South Korea and the US. Kim likely wants to ensure any deal struck in his meeting with Trump will not face opposition at home. Since coming to power in 2011, Kim has conducted several purges in an effort to consolidate power. The young leader was just 27 years old when he took power in a society that reveres older cadres."

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"Colombia elections: rightwinger and former guerrilla head for presidential runoff"

Die Präsidentschaftswahlen in Kolumbien werden von Experten auch als Abstimmung über das Friedensabkommen mit den Farc-Rebellen gewertet. Bei der kommenden Stichwahl am 17. Juni werden sich nun ein rechtskonservativer Gegner des Abkommens und ein früheres Mitglied der Guerilla gegenüberstehen. "Colombians have failed to elect a president outright, setting the stage for a bitter runoff between two frontrunners from opposite ends of the political spectrum, while a peace process with leftist rebels hangs in the balance. Iván Duque, a hardline conservative who viscerally opposes the peace accord, took the largest share of the vote on Sunday with 39%, though fell short of the 50% required to win at the first round. Instead, he will face Gustavo Petro – a leftwinger and former mayor of Bogotá, who came second with 25% – in the second round on 17 June. Petro, himself once a guerrilla, was Colombia’s first progressive candidate in generations and had been expected to gain a larger share. But a third candidate, the more moderate Sergio Fajardo, appeared to siphon off Petro’s support, receiving 23%. It remains to be seen if Fajardo, a reformer and former mayor of Medellín, will back Petro in the second round."

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"Revealed: Trump team hired spy firm for ‘dirty ops’ on Iran arms deal"

Mitarbeiter von US-Präsident Trump haben dem Observer zufolge einen privaten israelischen Geheimdienst engagiert, um Diplomaten der Obama-Regierung, die das Atomabkommen mit dem Iran ausgehandelt haben, zu diskreditieren. "People in the Trump camp contacted private investigators in May last year to 'get dirt' on Ben Rhodes, who had been one of Barack Obama’s top national security advisers, and Colin Kahl, deputy assistant to Obama, as part of an elaborate attempt to discredit the deal. (...) Sources said that officials linked to Trump’s team contacted investigators days after Trump visited Tel Aviv a year ago, his first foreign tour as US president. Trump promised Netanyahu that Iran would never have nuclear weapons and suggested that the Iranians thought they could 'do what they want' since negotiating the nuclear deal in 2015. A source with details of the 'dirty tricks campaign' said: 'The idea was that people acting for Trump would discredit those who were pivotal in selling the deal, making it easier to pull out of it.'"

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"If Trump destroys the nuclear deal, Iran will fall to its hardliners"

Ein Scheitern des Atomabkommens mit dem Iran würde die Hardliner in Teheran stärken, warnt dagegen Saeed Kamali Dehghan. "(...) the collapse of the deal would be seen by the Iranian people as a huge betrayal. In 2013, Iranians brought the era of Holocaust-denier Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (despised at home after a fraudulent re-election in 2009), to a close. They put their trust in the reform-minded Hassan Rouhani, who subsequently fulfilled his promise to them of resolving the nuclear dispute with the west. Iran’s tech-savvy young people are by and large more progressive than previous generations. Last year, 24 million Iranians re-elected Rouhani by a landslide in an endorsement of his work on the deal. Yet just as the agreement is beginning to deliver, and with Iran fully complying, a new US administration seems set on scuppering it. (...) While the reformist president Mohammad Khatami was in office, George W Bush undermined him and shattered Iranians’ hopes of rapprochement by labelling the country part of the 'axis of evil'. Trump could be about to make exactly the same mistake with Rouhani."

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"In the court of Kim Jong-un: a ruthless, bellicose despot, but not mad"

Benjamin Haas und Justin McCurry haben für den Guardian in Tokio und Seoul über mehrere Wochen hinweg mit Experten und Insidern über das Regime in Nordkorea gesprochen. Nur eine Minderheit der Fachleute glaubt demnach, dass Diktator Kim Jong-un tatsächlich ein "Verrückter" sei, der leichtfertig Atomwaffen einsetzen würde. "'There’s no one directly influencing Kim Jong-un and if anyone emerges as some sort of second leader, Kim will kill them immediately,' said Park Byung-kwang of the Institute for National Security Strategy in Seoul, a thinktank affiliated with the country’s intelligence agency. 'He’s brutal, he’s ruthless, but he is also rational.' (...) But after months of outwitting Donald Trump, some experts fear a clash between Kim’s volatile personality and an equally unpredictable US president could take the current standoff in an even more worrying direction. 'I don’t think Kim Jong-un is crazy, but he does feel a need to maintain an image of strength and, like his forebears, he refuses to contemplate defeat,' says Bradley Martin, author of Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader: North Korea and the Kim Dynasty. 'He is playing not to arrange a draw but to win. If he’s cornered he may react the way imperial Japan reacted at Pearl Harbor, a way that could be described as suicidal.'"

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"Welcome to demokrasi: how Erdoğan got more popular than ever"

Die Türkei sei im Begriff eine neue Form der Demokratie zu etablieren, die in ein autoritäres Regime münden könnte, dass von der Mehrheit der Bevölkerung verherrlicht werde, schreibt Christopher de Bellaigue im Guardian. "Erdogan’s demokrasi may be 'illiberal' in its practice, but it represents a forceful expression of the people’s will – a blunt majoritarian riposte to an imagined democratic gold standard that in reality no longer exists."

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"UN pays tens of millions to Assad regime under Syria aid programme"

Der Guardian listet mehrere Verträge auf von Regierungen und Hilfsorganisationen, die mit dem Assad-Clan verbunden sind. "The UN has awarded contracts worth tens of millions of dollars to people closely associated with the Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, as part of an aid programme that critics fear is increasingly at the whim of the government in Damascus, a Guardian investigation has found."

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"Brexit means Brexit … but the big question is when?"

Die mit der Durchführung des Brexit beauftragten Beamten tagen noch immer mangels eines eigenen Büros in einem Starbucks-Cafe, berichtet der Guardian und hegt Zweifel daran, dass ein Brexit in naher Zukunft Wirklichkeit werden wird. "The most immediate obstacle to Brexit is judicial. There is a substantial school of thought which says the government is not constitutionally entitled to pull the trigger on Article 50 without the specific approval of parliament. At least seven private actions have been grouped together and will be heard by the high court starting in October in what judges have said is a 'matter of great constitutional importance', with a decision possible by the end of the year. Separately, cases have been launched in Northern Ireland arguing that Brexit would breach the Good Friday agreement by reinstating a physical border with the Republic of Ireland and undermining the legal basis for the 1998 peace deal. So, while we may be two months in, you might want to get used to the waiting. Brexit may not happen quite yet."

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"EU to extend sanctions against Russia"

Vertreter der 28 EU-Mitgliedstaaten haben sich auf eine sechsmonatige Verlängerung der europäischen Sanktionen gegen Russland geeinigt. Experten erwarten allerdings, dass die Sanktionen aufgrund zunehmender Zweifel einzelner Mitgliedstaaten 2017 aufgehoben werden könnten. "Italy, Greece and Hungary have questioned the need for extending sanctions against Russia. Last week the Italian prime minister, Matteo Renzi, had a series of jokey exchanges with Vladimir Putin, at a packed summit of business executives and government officials at the St Petersburg economic forum. The European commission president, Jean-Claude Juncker, also attended the event, which is known as Russia’s mini Davos, where he said he hoped to 'build a bridge'. Expectations are growing that EU sanctions will be lifted in 2017. Some diplomats in Brussels speculate that a Brexit could hasten their demise, as the UK has been one of the strongest voices for sanctions."

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"Moqtada al-Sadr: who is the cleric directing Iraq's protests?"

Simon Tisdall mit einem Porträt des Anführers der aktuellen irakischen Proteste gegen die Regierung in Bagdad. Muqtada al-Sadr habe sich in den vergangenen Jahren von einem radikalen schiitischen Prediger zu einem vermeintlichen Verteidiger der irakischen Demokratie gewandelt. "No longer the sectarian firebrand and anti-US insurgent, Sadr has recast himself as a man of all the people, a fervent Iraqi nationalist and federalist who upholds the democratic process by non-violent means. The Mahdi army militia was disbanded in 2008. In the 2014 elections, the Sadrist al-Ahrar bloc won 34 seats in parliament. In short, Sadr has gone legit. Far from seeking Abadi’s overthrow, Sadr says he wants to help him implement reforms, in particular to end the discredited quota system introduced by Washington after the 2003 invasion. Quotas were intended to ensure Iraq’s main ethno-religious constituencies – Shias, Sunnis and Kurds – shared power, but they have been widely abused to enrich office-holders and extend party political patronage."

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"Executions in Saudi Arabia and Iran – the numbers"

Wenn es um die Zahl der Hinrichtungen im Nahen Osten gehe, werde Saudi-Arabien vom Iran seit vielen Jahren bei weitem übertroffen, schreibt George Arnett unter Verweis auf entsprechende Daten und Grafiken. "Despite its protestations against the execution of Nimr, Iran is the only country in the Middle East and North Africa that carries out more executions than Saudi Arabia each year – globally, it is second only to China. Iranian statistics reported 289 executions in 2014 (278 men and 11 women), but Amnesty International says reliable sources put the figure far higher. It claims that at least 743 executions were carried out in 2014. It is worth noting, however, that Iran’s population of almost 80 million is more than twice that of Saudi Arabia. Of the executions publicly recognised by Iranian authorities, 122 (42%) were people convicted of drug offences. Iran’s figures for 2015 are set to be even larger. Between January and 1 November last year Amnesty recorded 830 executions, with the majority being related to narcotics."

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"Mobile and headphone use in public 'a barrier to terror alertness'"

Pauline Neville-Jones, frühere Staatsministerin für Sicherheit und Terrorismusabwehr im britischen Innenministerium, hält den verbreiteten Gebrauch von Smartphones und Kopfhörern im öffentlichen Raum für problematisch, da die Wachsamkeit der Bürger erheblich eingeschränkt werde. "Pauline Neville-Jones, the former head of the Joint Intelligence Committee, said she was alarmed by the number of people ignoring their surroundings and urged members of the public to take responsibility for their safety. (...) 'I think being alert is very important. I am alarmed by the number of people I see wandering along the street entirely engaged in their mobile telephones and with their ears plugged into music and they are not aware of their surroundings. You need to be aware of your surroundings,' she told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme. 'You do have to take some personal responsibility.'"

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"Terror threats will be the new normal for Europe, experts say"

Terrorwarnungen wie zuletzt in München werden in Europa zunehmend Normalität werden, erwarten viele Terrorismusexperten. "Prof Rik Coolsaet, a terrorism expert at Ghent University in Belgium, said that although there was nothing new in terrorist groups wanting to attack high-profile public gatherings such as New Year’s Eve, Isis’s appeal meant Europe was entering a new era. He said the group had become the 'object of all kinds of fantasies for all kinds of individuals, from thrill-seekers to the mentally unstable', who wanted to be part of the Isis, and that made the security services’ job much harder. 'In the months ahead we are going to be facing a new normal,' Coolsaet said. 'One day the hype surrounding Isis will have vanished, but until that happens I fear there will be more threats, more disruption, more houses raided and more arrests as countries come to terms with the scale of this group and its intentions … It is something we will have to get used to.'"

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"The women taking on Isis: on the ground with Iraq's female fighters"

Der Fotograf Alfred Yaghobzadeh hat eine Einheit junger Jesidinnen begleitet, die im Irak an der Seite kurdischer YPJ/YPG-Einheiten gegen den "Islamischen Staat" kämpfen. "It’s a survivalist and egalitarian coalition: men and women are fighting the same battle here. They’ve lost everything, but they’re determined to be useful to their community. The women are always on standby and in uniform: they sleep in it, and they sleep in their shoes. 'And they will be in their uniform until they get what they want – independence,' says Yaghobzadeh. This sense of resilience and retribution becomes even more revolutionary in a military context: 'For Isis it’s a haram. If you’re killed by a woman, you don’t go to paradise.'"

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"GCHQ documents raise fresh questions over UK complicity in US drone strikes"

Hat der britische Geheimdienst GCHQ in den vergangenen Jahren aktiv am amerikanischen Drohnenkrieg in Nichtkriegsgebieten wie Jemen mitgewirkt? Dem Guardian liegen NSA-Dokumente Edward Snowdens mit entsprechenden Hinweisen vor, die von einigen Anwälten als bedenklich eingeschätzt werden. "Jemima Stratford QC, who reviewed the Snowden documents for the Guardian, said: 'Assuming that the documents which I have seen are genuine, in my view they raise questions about the extent to which UK officials may have had knowledge of, or helped to facilitate, certain US drone strikes which were not carried out in the context of an international armed conflict,' she said. 'These documents underline why greater transparency as to UK official policies would help to ensure legality from a domestic and international law perspective.' Stratford published a legal opinion last year warning that UK intelligence support for lethal strikes outside traditional battlefields – such as Iraq and Afghanistan – was likely to be illegal."

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"Surveillance reform explainer: can the FBI still listen to my phone calls?"

Sam Thielman widerspricht im Guardian Interpretationen, dass der USA Freedom Act die Privatsphäre besser schützen würde als sein gesetzlicher Vorgänger. Für ihn sind zwar Details geändert, die grundsätzliche Möglichkeit der amerikanischen Sicherheitsdienste, beliebig die Kommunikation von US-Bürgern zu überwachen, aber nicht eingeschränkt worden. "At this point in the debate, its biggest change is to make a big trade: it junks the NSA’s bulk collection of US phone data in exchange for restoring the now-expired, aforementioned FBI powers in the Patriot Act." Dennoch sieht Thielman in der Regelung einen Schritt in die richtige Richtung: "The steps forward represented by the USA Freedom Act may seem small to people outraged by government overreach, but it’s frankly astonishing that they’re going forward at all."

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"Xi Jinping’s China is the greatest political experiment on Earth"

Timothy Garton Ash schreibt, dass Erfolg oder Misserfolg der komplexen innenpolitischen Reformen Chinas auch über Krieg und Frieden in Ostasien entscheiden werden. "If all this were to succeed as intended, western liberal democratic capitalism would have a formidable ideological competitor with worldwide appeal, especially in the developing world. For the west, there would be a silver lining: competition keeps you on your toes. I suspect the hubris of the early 2000s – both abroad, plotting regime change in Iraq, and at home, in the turbo-charged excesses of financial capitalism – had something to do with the lack of serious ideological competition. This outcome is obviously not what I, as a liberal and a democrat, would wish for Chinese friends. But I do emphatically wish for them, and for ourselves, a China that experiences evolutionary and not revolutionary change."

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"How Mohamed Morsi, Egypt’s first elected president, ended up on death row"

Patrick Kingsley nimmt das kürzlich erlassene Todesurteil gegen den früheren ägyptischen Präsidenten Mursi zum Anlass, die politische Entwicklung Ägyptens in den vergangenen zwei Jahren zu rekapitulieren. "It is a shocking fate for a man who less than three years ago became the first Egyptian president to reach office through free elections. How he reached this nadir depends on who you ask. Supporters say he was doomed from the start. They argue that when Hosni Mubarak was toppled in 2011, his regime remained largely intact, and was able to undermine Mubarak’s elected successor from the moment of his election. (...) But Morsi’s initial bedfellows in that revolution, the leftists, liberals and moderates who would later join Mubarak’s allies to call for Morsi’s exit, have a different narrative. They argue that instead of maintaining a working relationship with other revolutionary factions, he quickly alienated them, and acted only in the interest of the Brotherhood."

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"Upswing in fighting in Ukraine sends civilians fleeing and puts truce in doubt"

Der fragile Waffenstillstand in der Ostukraine sei durch Zusammenstöße zwischen Regierungssoldaten und Rebellen erneut in Frage gestellt worden, berichtet Alec Luhn aus Kramatorsk. "The casualties are the latest in a surge of fighting that began a week ago, when the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe reported the 'most intense shelling in Shyrokyne since fighting began in the area in mid-February 2015'. The village is 12.5 miles east of Mariupol, a key port and metallurgical centre, where both sides have attempted to strengthen their positions. The next day, OSCE monitors reported 550 explosions outside Donetsk and warned of a 'seriously deteriorated' security situation at its rebel-controlled airport. The Ukrainian military said last week that the geographical spread of ceasefire violations had increased."

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Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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