US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Christian Science Monitor


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"New Russian order: After presidency, yet another role for Putin?"

In Russland gebe es bereits jetzt die Überlegung, Präsident Putin nach dem Ende seiner wohl letzten Amtszeit in einer neuen Rolle politisch einzubeziehen, berichtet Fred Weir aus Moskau. "(...) some are talking up schemes to keep Mr. Putin – and the relatively stable status quo he guarantees – in some position of having the final word on critical matters. Those are sure signs that a serious debate is beginning to erupt in Russia's political elite. Its outcome may change Russia's constitutional system, for better or worse, and determine what kind of country will emerge from the long period that people now call 'the Putin era.' (...) Experts say there are three basic ideas under discussion for navigating the transition away from Putin, while maintaining Putin himself in some supreme capacity. One is the idea of creating a new state from a union of Russia and Belarus, which would require new political structures to rule it. (...) A second plan would expand the powers of the State Council, a Kremlin advisory body that already deliberates on matters of high policy but has no formal authority. (...) The third idea is the path not taken after the Soviet collapse; turning Russia into a parliamentary republic, and perhaps keeping Putin as symbolic head of state. (...) Some analysts, such as Petrov, believe that key decisions will have to be taken soon, so that the new power arrangements are up and running smoothly before the end of Putin's current presidential term in 2024."

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"Syria needs to be a blueprint for peacemaking"

Der Christian Science Monitor meint, dass die Verhandlungen zur Beendigung des Kriegs in Syrien genutzt werden sollten, um neue Wege der internationalen Konfliktlösung zu beschreiten. "The dynamics of Syria are complex but one aspect stands out: The West appears willing and able to finance the rebuilding of the country if there is a political transition from President Bashar al-Assad that would include a new constitution and elections. (...) Negotiators need to use that lure of a peaceful, prosperous Syria to win over the players with the biggest stake in its future. As the British report finds, based on research about 21 recent conflicts, resolving a war must rely on progress in understanding what often drives a country’s warring elites: 'perceptions of fear and insecurity and forms of envy, rivalry, hatred, prejudice, solidarity and loyalty.' Today’s conflicts that can’t seem to end need a new model of peacemaking. For several years, Syria has been the world’s biggest war. Soon, with fresh thinking about peacemaking, it could be the best example of how to end a war."

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"Has US misread the Iranian street?"

Scott Peterson zufolge hat die US-Regierung die Stimmung im Iran nach den innenpolitischen Protesten vor einigen Monaten völlig falsch eingeschätzt. So hätten die jüngsten Äußerungen Donald Trumps das Regime in Teheran und weite Teile der Bevölkerung eher zusammengeführt. Auch die Volksmodschahedin (MEK) kämen für viele Iraner als politische Alternative nicht in Frage. "Administration officials say they are 'supporting Iranian voices' by abetting anti-regime sentiment and taking advantage of frequent local protests in Iran. But, say Iranians and analysts, the apparent lack of a US strategic vision for a post-regime Iran, and administration officials’ association with the Mojahedin-e Khalq (MEK) – an exiled, cult-like opposition group reviled inside Iran – have instead yielded rare levels of Iranian unity. (...) 'I know some young people who were really disgusted with the regime … but some of them are not so sure about revolution anymore, because the MEK image here is not what these people want as the new leadership,' says the analyst. 'These activities by Trump and his aides to get close to the MEK scared lots of people – indirectly helping people move away from the idea of revolution against the mullahs,' he says."

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"In Tunis suburb, a revolutionary demand: jobs, not freedoms"

Taylor Luck berichtet aus Douar Hicher im Norden Tunesiens, dass die eigentlichen Ursachen der Revolution des Arabischen Frühlings heute stärker denn je zu Tage treten. Für viele junge Tunesier seien Arbeitsplätze wichtiger als neue politische Freiheiten. Die Regierung habe dies nach wie vor nicht erkannt, so die Warnung einiger Aktivisten. "'Our problem isn’t politics or freedoms: it is unemployment and marginalization,' says Oussama Marassi, a humanitarian and political activist, who like many residents is without electricity or running water. 'Seven years after the revolution, and either our politicians still haven’t learned that, or they just don’t care.' (...) Experts warn that these populations, after having their hopes raised by the Arab Spring, may be the ones to carry the next stage of popular protests and insurrection, and represent the greatest political threat to their governments. (...) Since the 2011 revolution, urban migration from rural areas has increased dramatically. The population of three-square-mile Douar Hicher grew from 80,000 to more than 100,000 between 2014 and 2017 alone. According to a 2014 World Bank report, some 90 percent of rural families in Tunisia report that members have migrated to urban centers. Many end up in Douar Hicher."

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"Afghanistan by the numbers: inside the fight over facts"

Scott Peterson macht darauf aufmerksam, dass die amerikanische Öffentlichkeit über den Stand des Krieges in Afghanistan nach Ansicht vieler Experten nicht mehr angemessen informiert wird. Jahrelang öffentlich zugängliche Zahlen zum Krieg werden demnach vom US-Militär nicht länger zur Verfügung gestellt. "The increased opacity comes after Mr. Trump last summer ordered several thousand more US troops to Afghanistan, raising the total level to some 14,000, on a mission to secure 'victory.' Airstrikes have been ramped up to the highest level since 2010. 'Of course it’s a cover-up. What else can it be, when you hide figures? The thing is, it is not going well,' says Thomas Ruttig, a co-director of the Kabul-based Afghanistan Analysts Network (AAN) with decades of experience in Afghanistan. 'There are millions and millions [of dollars] thrown out for what they call 'public diplomacy' and 'narrative building,' or whatever, and no one except themselves is believing in it,' says Mr. Ruttig, speaking from Berlin."

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"Why many Ukrainians think it's time to give up on Russian-occupied region"

Immer mehr Ukrainer wären Yuras Karmanau zufolge bereit, das umkämpfte Donezbecken im Osten des Landes aufzugeben bzw. es zumindest zeitweise als russisch besetztes Gebiet zu akzeptieren. "This would effectively kill the Minsk peace agreement brokered by Germany and France, which aims to preserve a united Ukraine. (...) Almost half of Ukrainians, however, favor declaring the separatist-controlled areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions to be occupied, according to a poll conducted by the Razumkov Center. (...) 'It is obvious that Ukrainian society supports the isolation and blockade of the Donbass. And this is exactly what is dictating President Poroshenko’s behavior,' said Razumkov Center sociologist Andrei Bychenko. 'If Poroshenko plans to seek a second term, he has to think about the mood of society, not about the expectations of the West.'"

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"The twin goals behind North Korea's resolve on nuclear weapons"

Mit seinem Militärschlag gegen Syrien habe US-Präsident Trump Nordkoreas Willen, ein eigenes atomares Abschreckungspotential zu entwickeln, eher noch gestärkt, schreibt Michael Holtz. Die Fortführung des Atomwaffenprogramms werde vom Regime als Frage des eigenen Überlebens betrachtet. Dabei wolle Nordkorea dem Entwicklungspfad Chinas folgen. "Few nations understand North Korea’s logic better than China, which followed a similar path in the second half of the 20th century. [John Delury, an associate professor of Chinese studies at Yonsei University in Seoul,] says that China's development of a nuclear weapon in the 1960s gave it a strong sense of external security, and helped spur the Chinese Communist Party to turn its attention to liberalizing the economy in the late 1970s. With their shared history in mind, it comes as little surprise that China has been so reluctant to put more economic pressure on North Korea – and not only because it doesn’t want to push the regime to the point of collapse, a worst-case scenario for Beijing. 'The bottom line is the Chinese don’t think pressure is going to work,' Delury says. 'They well understand that this is a stubborn, prideful, independent neighbor, but that twisting their arm makes the problem worse.'"

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"Will the US and Russia dance or duel?"

Die künftigen Beziehungen zwischen den USA und Russland werden im Zeichen einer grundsätzlich neuen Ausrichtung der russischen Außenpolitik stehen, erwartet Peter Ford. "From the Middle East to Latin America, from Ukraine to China, Russia is flexing its diplomatic and military muscles in a manner not witnessed since the cold war. And the world had better get used to it. 'Russia is not some regional dwarf,' says Andrei Klimov, deputy head of the international affairs committee of the upper house of parliament, 'but a world power with its own zone of influence.' That attitude spells trouble for the international system that America has dominated for decades. (...) In the end, Russia’s moves around the world – its military adventurism in Syria, its cyber-troublemaking in Europe, and the common front it is forging with China – bespeak a country no longer willing to cede the role of global sheriff to the US."

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"In Ukraine, blockade threatens to force issue at heart of civil war"

Im Osten der Ukraine werden Fred Weir zufolge gegenwärtig mehr als 74.000 mit Kohle beladene Eisenbahnwaggons durch bewaffnete Männer aufgehalten. Die von Oligarchen, nationalistischen Milizen und Oppositionspolitikern unterstützte Blockade soll Präsident Poroschenko zwingen, sich vom Minsker Abkommen zu verabschieden und die Ostukraine zum russisch besetzten Gebiet zu erklären, so Weir. "By graphically drawing attention to the trade that has for three years seen billions of dollars worth of iron ore, coal, and finished steel products pass easily along the rails in both directions – even as armies were slaughtering each other – they are forcing the most painful issue at the heart of the civil war: Can Ukraine reintegrate itself economically and politically, perhaps on new terms, or is it doomed to break up? The blockade is fast precipitating a political and economic crisis that could conceivably bring Mr. Poroshenko down, or at least trigger early parliamentary elections that would almost certainly change the complexion of power in Kiev. A pivotal moment has suddenly arrived, without having been introduced through negotiations or any democratic political process, but because radicals have forced the issue."

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"Israel's right-wing revolutionaries"

Christa Case Bryant hat sich in dieser Titelgeschichte des Christian Science Monitor eingehend mit dem zunehmenden politischen Einfluss der radikalen Siedlerbewegung in Israel beschäftigt. Der Wandel der früheren linken Aktivistin Anat Roth, die Premierminister Netanjahu heute nicht für konservativ genug halte, sei symptomatisch für die Entwicklung der israelischen Gesellschaft. "Over the past two decades, Israel has undergone a fundamental shift that has brought to power the country’s most right-wing government in history. And it may be about to get more conservative. Netanyahu – whose hard-line stances taxed his relationship with former President Barack Obama and other Western leaders – is being pulled inexorably to the right by rising rivals, toughening public opinion on security issues, and by the increasingly religious tilt of the Israeli population."

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"Is Trump resurrecting the Monroe Doctrine?"

Max Paul Friedman, Historiker an der American University in Washington, D.C., fürchtet, dass US-Präsident Trump in seiner Lateinamerika-Politik die "Monroe-Doktrin" wiederaufleben lassen könnte. 2013 habe der damalige US-Außenminister John Kerry noch verkündet, dass diese Doktrin der Vergangenheit angehöre. "In a policy paper published last December, Craig Deare, a dean at the US National Defense University and now Mr. Trump’s top Latin America advisor on the National Security Council staff, denounced Kerry’s statement 'as a clear invitation to those extra-regional actors looking for opportunities to increase their influence.' He specifically mentioned China. A revitalized Monroe Doctrine, however, contradicts the administration’s other strong impulse, present in its statements far beyond Latin America, toward isolationism. Trump is promising to build a literal wall between Latin America and the United States, but the Monroe Doctrine was decisively unilateral and interventionist. (...) Donald Trump’s competing impulses – the interventionism of Monroe and the isolationism of 'America First' – may keep US-Latin America relations on edge."

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"Iraqi Christians: Will they go home?"

Kristen Chick hat bei der Recherche für ihre Reportage viele irakische Christen getroffen, die durch den "Islamischen Staat" aus ihren Städten vertrieben wurden und nun nicht mehr zurückkehren wollen. "The choice facing people like Abada may determine the future of Iraq’s Assyrian Christian community – and shape the diversity and stability of the Middle East. Over the past decade and a half, the Christian population in the region has been in steep decline. The US invasion of Iraq in 2003 unleashed a sectarian bloodletting that saw Christians targeted with violence. Hundreds of thousands left their homeland for safety abroad. The IS capture of northern Iraq in 2014 accelerated the departures. Fewer than 500,000 Christians are now left in the country, down from 1.5 million in 2003. (...) In an effort some see as the last chance to keep Assyrian Christians from disappearing from their homeland, Christian leaders are pushing for the creation of a new province for minorities in the Nineveh Plains. With a degree of self-rule, and a security force of their own, they say it could give people the degree of confidence necessary to remain."

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"Why are Jews, gays, and other minorities in Europe increasingly voting far-right?"

Sara Miller Llana und Tamara Micner berichten, dass rechtspopulistische Parteien in Europa zunehmend Unterstützung durch Angehörige verschiedener Minderheiten erhielten. Mitglieder der jüdischen Gemeinden fürchteten z.B. die Folgen einer uneingeschränkten Einwanderung von Muslimen mit antisemitischen Vorurteilen. "[Eric Frey, managing editor of the Austrian daily newspaper Der Standard], says that the FPO has courted Jews in a message of alliance and protection. The party has been friendly with Israel at the same time that many mainstream European parties have taken a tougher stance on Israeli settlement expansion. And Jews are legitimately concerned by a new form of anti-Semitism that brews in pockets of Muslim communities. That any Jews are voting for the FPO shows that the party has occupied more ground in the center. But Frey also sees in it the complexity and weakness of the message emanating from 'liberal elites" defending openness, tolerance, and diversity,' he says. 'It is hard to defend diversity if [the radical Muslim] part of this diversity is so highly intolerant.'"

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"Why doubts still cloud Russian hacking allegations"

Paul F. Roberts ist sicher, dass die Zweifel an den Vorwürfen gegen Russland durch den neuen Geheimdienstbericht über Russlands Rolle im US-Wahlkampf aufgrund zu vieler fragwürdiger Schlussfolgerungen nicht abnehmen werden. "(...) the government's laundry list of evidence also includes common families of malicious software with names like BlackEnergy and Havex that are widely known and used by state actors and cybercriminals alike. While some of that software may have been created in Russia and found in prior Russian government campaigns, it doesn't prove the government's case that Russian operatives carried out the US political hacks. (...) By equating such commonplace online threats with Russian hacking, the government's Grizzly Steppe analysis darkens the already muddy waters of attributing cyberattacks, experts say. (...) The holes in the Grizzly Steppe analysis will give critics more cause to doubt future government claims about Russian hacking or campaigns by other nation-states, say experts."

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"Against ISIS, Jordan has a big gun: social cohesion"

In Jordanien habe der soziale Zusammenhalt in vielen Städten und Dörfern dazu beigetragen, den Vormarsch des "Islamischen Staates" und seiner Ideologie zu stoppen, berichtet Taylor Luck. So sei ein Angriff von IS-Anhängern in der Stadt Karak am vergangenen Sonntag mit Hilfe bewaffneter Bürger zurückgeschlagen worden. "While waiting for nearly an hour for special forces to arrive in the southern Jordan city, and facing an indiscriminate hail of bullets from the castle’s walls, dozens of ordinary citizens took up their own licensed guns, clubs, and stones in an effort to draw the IS fighters out. The Karak residents’ fight was not quelled with the arrival of special forces. Several videos circulated on social media of citizens storming the castle gates alongside security forces, pleading with police to share the burden of the fight, yelling '[our lives] are not worth more than yours…. Let us face them!' Security sources say police had to physically restrain dozens of civilians from attempting to enter the castle, at times unable to hold them back. 'When we saw gunmen take the castle, we only had one reaction: We did not want to become another Mosul,' Karak resident Mohammed Sarayreh says, referring to the city in northern Iraq that has been an IS stronghold for more than two years."

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"In Moscow, Trump's tapping of Tillerson lifts hope of US rapprochement"

Fred Weir berichtet aus Moskau über generell positive Reaktionen russischer Experten auf die Nominierung des Exxon-Mobil-Chefs Rex Tillerson zum kommenden US-Außenminister. "Sergei Karaganov, one of Russia's most senior foreign policy hands, says the difference is that Tillerson is a hard-nosed pragmatist who will focus on getting things done, and leave aside the many political and philosophical issues where Russia and the US will never agree. (...) 'We know him, and that's good. But it's mainly what we know about him, which is that he's a realist who is not driven by ideology,' he says. 'If the Trump administration survives, and takes hold, I for one will start to believe that we can re-align this relationship in ways that will stress areas of concord and cooperation, and find ways to manage the differences.'"

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"What's so new about Colombia's new peace deal?"

Gustavo Alvira Gomez hat sich die Veränderungen im neuen Friedensabkommen zwischen der Regierung und den FARC-Rebellen in Kolumbien näher angesehen. Die Änderungen dürften demnach trotz der anhaltenden Kritik der Opposition um Álvaro Uribe viele Vorbehalte in der Bevölkerung entkräften. "Most of the modifications that were incorporated into the new agreement are meant to clarify similar ambiguities that were exploited by the Cartagena Accord’s critics in the run-up to the plebiscite. Having incorporated hundreds of these recommendations, it is likely that the new accord would be approved in a second plebiscite (although, given ballot box surprises this year, nothing can really be certain). Nonetheless, Santos was right to be wary of a second campaign and its implications for an already divided country. Much like President-elect Trump’s electoral campaign, critics of the Cartagena Accord, led by Mr. Uribe, appealed to the electorate’s fears and base emotions. With little regard for the facts, they claimed it would destroy Colombian families by promoting homosexuality, that it would turn Colombia into a castro-chavista state overnight, and that the government would effectively hand over the country to the FARC."

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"Turkey's president suggests Shanghai bloc as EU alternative"

Präsident Erdogan hat in einem Interview offenbar angedeutet, dass sich die Türkei angesichts der stockenden EU-Beitrittsverhandlungen anderen Bündnissen zuwenden könnte. "Turkish president Tayyip Erdoğan indicated in a recent interview that he was fed up with waiting for the European Union to accept Turkey as a member state, indicating that he would be willing to consider joining the Russia-led Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) as an alternative to the Western bloc. After over a decade of negotiations, the president said that there was no reason to sentence Turkey to even more years of diplomatic wrangling just to become part of an international organization that has been consistently slow in welcoming Ankara into its ranks. (...) The Shanghai Five is the old name for the SCO, which consisted of 5 members until Uzbekistan joined the political/economic/military pact. The five-country treaty was signed in 1996, largely thanks to Russia and China. Both Russia and China have become more open to negotiation with leaders disillusioned with the West."

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"Colombia's new peace deal with FARC likely to bypass opponents"

Joe Parkin Daniels räumt dem neuen Friedensabkommen zwischen der Regierung und den FARC-Rebellen in Kolumbien gute Erfolgschancen ein. Viele Experten gehen demnach davon aus, dass das Abkommen, in dem die Forderungen der Opposition offenbar weitgehend ignoriert wurden, ohne ein neues Referendum vom Parlament bestätigt werden wird. "President Juan Manuel Santos controls a comfortable majority in Congress. A referendum 'could polarize parties further, invite more disinformation campaigns, and generate too much uncertainty,' says Abbey Steele, a professor of political science at the University of Amsterdam and author of a forthcoming book on Colombia's civil war. 'The consequences for a second loss would be enormous, maybe insurmountable.' But bypassing a popular vote runs the risk of further alienating opponents of the original peace deal, especially since their main criticisms went unaddressed in the new accord."

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"The surprising similarities of Trump and Obama on foreign policy"

Nach genauerem Hinsehen stellt Howard LaFranchi fest, dass es zwischen den außenpolitischen Motiven Donald Trumps und der Obama-Doktrin der letzten Jahre durchaus Parallelen gebe. Auch Obama habe die NATO-Partner immer wieder aufgefordert, ihren vereinbarten Beitrag zum Bündnis zu leisten. Obamas Strategie des "Leading from Behind" werde von Trump zum Teil durchaus aufgegriffen und verstärkt. "Obama is the president who labeled the United States’ NATO allies 'free riders,' who focused on getting the US out of George W. Bush’s Middle East wars while staying out of new ones, and who honed an offshore counterterrorism warfare that avoids placing American boots on the ground. 'One of the most under-reported stories of the campaign has been the similarities in the worldviews of President Obama and Donald Trump, so I don’t think Obama can provide much reassurance to America’s partners,' says Danielle Pletka, vice president for foreign and defense policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington."

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"From Latin America: Five sobering lessons about populism"

Grant Burrier fühlt sich durch den Wahlsieg Donald Trumps an die politischen Erfolge populistischer Präsidenten in Lateinamerika erinnert. Am Beispiel des früheren peruanischen Präsidenten Alberto Fujimori erläutert Burrier, vor welchen Problemen die amerikanische Demokratie bald stehen könnte. "Trump’s presidential campaign contained striking echoes of other populist leaders’ mass appeals. These echoes should serve as a warning that populism, no matter how democratic and politically noble its beginnings, has a dark, authoritarian side that eventually emerges. In Latin America, it has always compromised hallmarks of democratic rule. The saga of Peru’s Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000) illustrates five lessons about populism we can learn from our southern neighbors: 1. Populists thrive on unresolved turmoil (...) 2. Populists enact radical change (...) 3. Majoritarianism undermines checks and balances (...) 4. Civil liberties deteriorate (...) 5. The cult of personality remains potent (...) The Fujimori story is not unique and highlights the perils of populism. It serves as a reminder that democracy is more than elections. Political opposition, judicial independence, institutionalized rules and norms, and civil liberties matter as much as the popular will."

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"America's modest success in Syria, and why it's under threat"

Taylor Luck erläutert, warum die "moderaten Erfolge" der USA bei der Unterstützung von Rebellenmilizen im Süden Syriens in Gefahr geraten könnten. Die syrischen Regierungstruppen wären nach einem Sieg in Aleppo in der Lage, ihren Fokus auf die Rebellen im Süden zu richten und diese mit russischer Luftunterstützung zurückzutreiben. Der Krieg könnte dadurch eine neue internationale Dimension erhalten, so Luck. "From the coalition’s investment in the Southern Front to sensitive questions about Syria’s southern border with Jordan and Israel, the conflict could become more international – drawing in a new set of players and tensions. (...) The complicated web of international interests in the south make it a potential powder keg. 'In the south you have the triangulation of Israeli and Jordanian interest against a host of Syrian interests that can no longer be considered one country,' says Andrew Tabler, Syria expert at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy."

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"How Google aims to disrupt the Islamic State propaganda machine"

Google hat ein Pilotprojekt gestartet, bei dem Suchanfragen nach radikalislamischen Inhalten von antiextremistischen Anzeigen begleitet werden sollen. Das Programm soll Jack Detsch zufolge dabei helfen, der Onlinepräsenz des "Islamischen Staates" etwas entgegenzusetzen. "Google doesn't plan to integrate the effort into its searches on its own – hoping instead to inspire groups fighting IS to implement the method themselves. But during an eight-week trial from January to March, the campaign reached more than 320,000 people who searched for one of more than 1,000 Islamic State-related keywords – from the names of buildings in militant-controlled provinces to its slogans. The effort dubbed the 'Redirect Method' placed Islamic State-related search results next to ads that include links to videos denouncing the terrorist groups and its tactics from leading Muslim clerics."

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"ISIS puts a new twist on terror recruiting: big money"

Taylor Luck berichtet, dass der "Islamische Staat" in den vergangenen Jahren im Nahen Osten immer neue Anhänger gewonnen habe, indem insbesondere jungen Arbeitslosen Geld und Vergünstigungen angeboten worden seien. "While Al Qaeda has long provided salaries and the latest military equipment – reportedly backed by individual donors from the Arab Gulf – it tended to target ideologically driven recruits, with money often not a factor in their pitch. But the Islamic State, with wealth generated from oil revenues and taxation in the territories it holds, is promising foreign fighters higher salaries, housing, and additional benefits of $250 per month for a family of five, according to Monitor sources, as well as other reports. 'It is not a coincidence that ISIS is building its … networks in the very neighborhoods, towns, and refugee camps that are economically marginalized – something Al Qaeda had never even considered,' says Hassan Abu Haniyeh, an expert in jihadist movements who is based in Amman, Jordan."

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"Why did the US provide more than 1,000 spies to Rio Olympics?"

Die brasilianischen Sicherheitskräfte werden Rowena Lindsay zufolge von über tausend US-Spezialisten bei der Terrorabwehr unterstützt. 51 weitere Länder beteiligten sich ebenfalls an der Sicherung der laufenden Olympischen Spiele. "Although security is most prominently a combined effort between the US and Brazil, there are 51 other countries supplying intelligence to the counter-terrorism effort. The majority of American intelligence agents are working remotely, while about 350 are actually on the ground in Rio. 'U.S. intelligence cooperation with Brazil has been excellent since 9/11,' a senior intelligence official told NBC News. 'We consider the Brazilians to be well-prepared and highly professional.' These measures follow the detainment of a dozen Rio residents for alleged ties to the so called Islamic State two weeks ago."

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Why does the extreme right appeal in Europe? Slovakia offers troubling clues.

Sara Miller Llana erläutert am Beispiel der Slowakei, warum rechtsextreme Organisationen besonders in den postkommunistischen Ländern Europas neuen Zulauf erhalten. "(...) for all the concerns across the continent about a return to the intolerance of the 1930s, it is in the post-communist countries of the EU that many fear the risk is greatest, as public frustration has undermined the ideals that these countries subscribed to upon joining the bloc. And with an accused fascist party now sitting in Slovakia's parliament, the director of the Museum of the Slovak National Uprising Stanislav Mičev calls it 'a crisis of moral values.' (...) Now many here are asking what has gone wrong, and whether a failure to address the shortcomings of the transformation to democracy have fed growing intolerance and resentments toward the political elite and the EU."

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"For pro-EU Ukraine, a chill wind blows with Brexit"

Ein möglicher EU-Beitritt der Ukraine ist durch den Brexit in noch weitere Ferne gerückt, schreibt Fred Weir. "'This will worsen the prospects for Ukraine, no doubt about that,' says Vladimir Panchenko, an expert with the International Center for Policy Studies in Kiev. 'The EU now looks to be split, with every country threatening to go its own way. Policies meant to support Ukraine, like EU sanctions against Russia, will become weaker. Countries that don't back sanctions so strongly, like France and Germany, will have greater weight if Britain leaves. Now the game will be more in Russia's favor than Ukraine's.'"

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"Muslim Brotherhood is all but snuffed out. Can it reinvent itself?"

Mit ihrem Verbot in Jordanien habe die Muslimbruderschaft ihren letzten wichtigen Standort im Nahen Osten eingebüßt, schreibt Taylor Luck. "Just five years after the movement’s star seemed to be rising, as Qatar and Turkey sought to export Islamism after the Arab Spring from the Gulf to North Africa, the Brotherhood is suffering from a fatal crackdown in Egypt and bans in much of the Arab Gulf – and now Jordan. The latest knell puts the movement at an ideological crossroads, at which it must decide whether to yield to younger members agitating for a more aggressive approach or carve out a new identity – perhaps in the model of Tunisia's 'Muslim democrats.' Some worry that if it fails to regain clout as a legitimate political movement, that could spur further extremism in the region."

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"ISIS in America Series"

Der Christian Science Monitor beschäftigt sich in einer siebenteiligen Artikelserie mit dem Einfluss der radikalislamischen Ideologie des "Islamischen Staat" auf muslimische Jugendliche in den USA. "ISIS is preying on vulnerable Muslim youths in America and worldwide. What we can do to stop them."

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"US drone strike: Will it enable or impede Afghan diplomacy?"

Mit der gezielten Tötung des Taliban-Anführers Mullah Akhtar Mansour habe die US-Regierung offenbar auch versucht, ein vermeintliches Hindernis des Friedensprozesses in Kabul aus dem Weg zu räumen, schreibt Scott Peterson. Einigen Experten zufolge drohe nun allerdings eine weitere Radikalisierung der Taliban. "'The most important consequence of this strike is that we’re back to square one with the peace process,' says a Western official in Kabul, who asked not to be named. 'Some will argue that negotiations with the Taliban were such a distant prospect that it won’t matter, but the fact is that assassinating militant leaders usually makes their movements more radical,' the official says. 'That’s true around the world, but it’s also specifically been our experience in Afghanistan.' The only exception, says this official, was the killing in 2007 by British and American special forces of Mullah Dadullah, the Taliban military chief and a 'particularly bloodthirsty leader – but Mullah Mansour was a very different character, much more pragmatic.'"

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Hier finden Sie die Redaktion der Sicherheitspolitischen Presseschau.

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Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Publikationen zum Thema

Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

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