US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Moscow Times


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"Russia Has Ceased 'All' Cooperation With NATO, Foreign Ministry Official Says"

Nach der Warnung des scheidenden NATO-Oberbefehlshabers vor einer mangelnden Kommunikation zwischen Russland und den USA hat der stellvertretende russische Außenminister Alexander Grushko bestätigt, dass es zwischen der NATO und Moskau gegenwärtig keinerlei Kooperation gebe. "Russia has stopped all cooperation with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko said in an interview with state media on Monday. The Western alliance suspended military and civilian cooperation with Russia in the spring of 2014 in response to Moscow’s annexation of the Crimean peninsula. Several disputes, including a naval standoff in the Kerch Strait and the U.S. withdrawal from a Cold War-era nuclear treaty, have further strained ties between Russia and the 70-year-old bloc. 'NATO has itself abandoned a positive agenda in its relations with Russia. It doesn’t exist,' Grushko told the state-run RIA Novosti news agency. Grushko, Moscow’s permanent representative at NATO between 2012 and 2018, said the current standoff mirrors the Cold War “status quo” that brought about NATO’s creation in 1947. The diplomat warned NATO against military conflict with Russia, saying 'all sensible people hope it doesn’t happen.'"

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"Treaty's End Would Give U.S., Russia Impetus to Make More Nukes – Study"

Dem Ende des INF-Vertrags könnte bald das Ende des "New START"-Abkommens folgen, so die Sorge vieler Abrüstungsexperten. Eine neue Studie der CNA Corporation warnt vor den Folgen des Auslaufens des Rüstungskontrollvertrags im Jahr 2021. "The New START treaty required the United States and Russia to cut their deployed strategic nuclear warheads to no more than 1,550, the lowest level in decades, and limit delivery systems — land- and submarine-based missiles and nuclear-capable bombers. It also includes extensive transparency measures requiring each side to allow the other to carry out 10 inspections of strategic nuclear bases each year; give 48 hours notice before new missiles covered by the treaty leave their factories; and provide notifications before ballistic missile launches. Both sides must also exchange data declaring their deployed strategic nuclear warheads, delivery vehicles and launchers, as well as breakdowns of how many of each are located at individual bases. All of that would end if the treaty expires. (...) Without the data, the United States would have to reassign its overworked satellites, possibly devoting more surveillance to Russia and less to China, Iran and North Korea. Another casualty of the treaty's expiration could be global nonproliferation, making non-nuclear states doubt the United States and Russia will keep working toward nuclear disarmament under the NPT, the study said."

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"Mueller Provides Scant Real Relief for Russia"

In den russisch-amerikanischen Beziehungen wird sich trotz des Mueller-Berichts in den kommenden Jahren kaum etwas ändern, erwartet Mark Galeotti. "Moscow is not off the hook, as there are also the heavily-documented cases of social media interference and the hacking and then leaking of emails, but the claim that the Donald and the Vladimir plotted together to steal the American presidency appears to have been scotched. So is that an end to it? Hardly. First of all, especially until the full report is released (at least to Congress), there will be those who claim that Attorney General William Barr — a Trump appointee — might be selectively summarising Robert Mueller’s words to clear his boss. Secondly, given the narrowness of the margin by which Trump won his electoral college victory, there will be many who would rather blame Russian meddling than an awkward Democrat candidate with a flawed campaign strategy, and a groundswell of resentment at the status quo that a demagogue vowing to 'drain the swamp' could channel. Finally, there is the fact that even without collusion, Moscow did seek to influence the election. (...) while the Mueller report is undoubtedly a momentous procedural step in America’s polite and political civil war, it is unlikely to make any impact on U.S.-Russian relations, dominated as they are by the subjectivities of mutual paranoia, scapegoating, and mistrust."

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"R.I.P. Russiagate. Here's What We Learned"

Leonid Bershidsky meint in seinen Schlussfolgerungen aus dem Kollaps der Russiagate-Verschwörungstheorie, dass sowohl die USA als auch Russland künftig besser darauf verzichten sollten, externe Feinde für ihre innenpolitischen Probleme verantwortlich zu machen. "(...) the most important learning I draw from Russiagate is about the search for external enemies as a political method beloved of both Russian and U.S. politicians. Russiagate fueled that love in both countries. It allowed the domestic Russian propaganda to portray the U.S. as inherently Russophobic and willing to disregard or twist facts in fits of McCarthyism. The excesses of Russiagate reporting made easy targets for state-owned Russian media. Even anti-Putin Russians like myself often had to shake our heads in disbelief over what we read. On the other hand, it distracted many Americans from the real causes of Hillary Clinton’s defeat and Trump’s victory. (...) Both countries’ biggest enemies, of course, are inside, not outside: Corruption in various forms, and policy failures. Tackling them simultaneously would probably turn the U.S. and Russia from adversaries into allies. That, however, can only happen with different presidents; the natural collusion of two wrong-headed leaders is worse than a legally provable conspiracy would have been."

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"Has Russia Finally Found its Niche in the World?"

Alexei Levinson stellt fest, dass die Übernahme der Krim in der russischen Bevölkerung fünf Jahre später immer noch auf große Zustimmung stoße. Russland habe die Folgen der Entscheidung offenbar akzeptiert. "Since March 2014, when the takeover of Crimea was essentially completed, the Levada Center pollster has regularly posed Russians the question: 'Do you support the accession of Crimea to Russia?' The proportion of those who answer 'yes' has never sunk below 83 percent (and never risen above 88 percent). Over the last five years, there has been no other indicator of public opinion and mood that has shown this kind of consistency. The lack of public division in opinions on Crimea is very telling. (...) Russia has found its niche, and this suits Russians. If it is a position of 'we stand alone, everyone opposes us,' then we are a heroic minority. If it is a position of 'we stand against the West, but China and India are with us,' then we are in a victorious majority. In either case, it is cause for self-esteem. And for those who still pine for the great power of the Soviet Union, this is something of which they are in great need."

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"Putin Doesn’t Have Clout to Get Deal With Abe"

Leonid Bershidsky glaubt, dass es Präsident Putin aufgrund seiner innenpolitischen Situation nicht riskieren wird, Japan wesentliche Zugeständnisse im Kurilenkonflikt anzubieten. "For Putin, an agreement with Japan would be both strategically and tactically beneficial. (...) but the moment to cut through the Gordian knot appears to have passed, at least temporarily. Putin is, somewhat unexpectedly, living through one of the worst moments of his presidential career. (...) The last thing Putin needs now is the instability that would be fostered by a deal with Japan that requires Russia to surrender territory. (...) This is simply not the moment for Putin to cede anything to Abe. So earlier this month, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said after meeting with his Japanese counterpart that Japan would need to recognize Russian sovereignty over the disputed islands as a precondition of peace. This is unacceptable to Abe, but Russia has never promised to hand over the islands, preferring to discuss all sorts of compromise arrangements such as the joint development of the disputed territories."

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"Russians’ Belief in Country’s Superpower Status Reaches 20-Year High – Poll"

Einer neuen Umfrage zufolge sind 75% der Russen vom "Supermacht"-Status ihres Landes überzeugt. Die Zahl habe in den vergangenen 20 Jahren stetig zugenommen, berichtet Alexander Avilov. "When asked which historical event they feel most proud of, the overwhelming majority of respondents – 87 percent – named the Soviet victory in World War II. The country’s achievements in space and the 2014 annexation of Ukraine’s Crimean peninsula, which Moscow views as reunification with Russia, lagged behind as the next most popular responses at 50 and 45 percent. Overall, 75 percent of respondents said they believe Russia is a superpower. The number has climbed steadily over the past two decades, from a low of 30 percent in November 2005. The number of respondents who say Russia must preserve its status as a great power also reached a historic high in the latest Levada survey, with 88 percent subscribing to the view, up from a low of 72 percent in April 1992."

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Europe Should Woo Russia When Putin's Gone (Op-ed)

Nach Ansicht von Leonid Bershidsky sollte sich Europa bereits jetzt auf einen Abtritt von Präsident Putin und einen neuen Annäherungsversuch gegenüber Russland vorbereiten. Eine enge Kooperation mit Moskau hätte für die Europäer demnach erhebliche strategische Vorteile. "Europe has a lot to gain if it has the courage. Drawing Russia in could solve some of the European Union’s fundamental problems. With its massive natural-gas reserves, Russia could propel Europe faster toward hard-to-reach environmental goals. With its untapped economic potential and need for immigrants to develop its vast territory, it could be a big help in resolving migration issues. With its recent investment in agile, modern military power — yes, in the Avangard, too — it could provide a backbone for a joint European military. Establishing a vast European common market including Russia wouldn’t be impossible: Even despite Putin’s hostility toward the West, Russia has adopted many European technical standards as it moved away from obsolete Soviet ones. All of this, of course, would only make sense for Europe if Russia were prepared to yield some sovereignty, accept some rules of conduct and adopt Europe’s values. That’s difficult to imagine today, but then the current EU would have looked fantastical as recently as 30 years ago. If European leaders were more farsighted, they’d be working on a comprehensive trade and security offer to Putin’s successor."

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"The Yellow Vests Aren’t Imported from Russia"

Leonid Bershidsky bezweifelt, dass russische Medienberichte oder Internetaktionen bei den französischen Gelbwesten-Protesten eine wesentliche Rolle gespielt haben. "(...) maybe it’s time for democratic leaders and dictators alike to realize something important about the modern brand of protest, no matter where it takes place – in Cairo, Moscow, Kiev or Paris. If pro-establishment U.S. voices or Russian propaganda channels cheer it on, that doesn’t make it an import. It’s not a conspiracy instigated by foreign enemies even if, outwardly, it appears to serve the interests of Putin, Trump or George Soros. (...) the core reasons for the protests are domestic, as Macron clearly realizes given his belated – and likely misguided – attempt to appease the protesters. Faced with a version of the Yellow Vests, any nation’s elite must look inward; the question to answer is, 'What have we done wrong?' Once a satisfactory answer is found, there’ll be plenty of time to investigate foreign interference."

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"Containing the Kerch Crisis"

Wenn die ukrainisch-russische Krise in der Straße von Kertsch kontrolliert werden soll, müsse der Unterschied zwischen völkerrechtlichen Positionen und geopolitischen Realitäten beachtet werden, meint Dmitry Trenin vom Carnegie Moscow Center. "Legal positions and geopolitical realities are different things. No one besides Turkey recognizes the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Only a handful of countries apart from Russia back the sovereignty of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Serbia refuses to recognize Kosovo, which is also not a member of the United Nations. Nagorno-Karabakh is formally regarded by everyone as part of Azerbaijan. Yet any attempt to substitute the legal position for the geopolitical reality in any of these cases is bound to lead to a collision. Crimea belongs in the same category, only the consequences of the collision are likely to be on a much higher order. (...) Ukrainian leaders should not get the idea that whatever they do to provoke the Russians to 'show their true colors' will pass. The 2008 experience of Mikheil Saakashvili, who started a war to liberate part of Georgia’s sovereign territory only to discover that the U.S. forces were not rushing to his rescue, should serve as a warning. The Georgia war was brief and securely contained. Ukraine, God forbid, would be anything but."

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"Russia and Japan Could Finally End WWII"

Ein seit dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs ausstehender offizieller Friedensvertrag zwischen Russland und Japan könnte nach Ansicht von Leonid Bershidsky bald Realität werden. Sowohl Präsident Putin als auch Premierminister Abe hätten besonderes Interesse an einem Erfolg der Verhandlungen. "Both Russian President Vladimir Putin and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe need a deal more than their predecessors did. (...) Abe’s primary interest is his legacy. If he can keep his job until the next scheduled election in 2021, he would be the longest-serving Japanese prime minister. But economic growth, spurred by his generous stimulus policies, has started to slow this year, and his tenure isn’t assured. He needs an important win to stay in power and ensure his place in history. A deal with Russia, though it would face some domestic opposition, could be perceived as such a victory when confidence in Abe’s foreign policy is flagging: Japanese voters are more open to a compromise than Russians. Putin’s interest is both economic and geopolitical. A deal with Japan would potentially open the flow of Japanese investment to Russia’s Far East, a vast, underdeveloped region where Russia needs to counterbalance a growing Chinese influence. Improving relations with Japan would also help Putin in his search for alternatives to cooperation with the West. He knows by now that U.S. economic sanctions and weaker European restrictions are here to stay, so he’s working feverishly to buttress other partnerships in the Middle East and Asia."

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"Russia’s Third-Largest City to Pay Tribute to Stalin With New Statue"

Die russische Stadt Nowosibirsk will den sowjetischen Diktator Stalin demnächst mit einer neuen Statue ehren. Der Vorgang bestätigt der Moscow Times zufolge, dass die Verbrechen Stalins gerade unter jungen Russen kaum beachtet werden. "Contemporary attitudes are split in Russia toward the historical role of Stalin, who is responsible for the deaths and suffering of millions of Soviet citizens during his rule from 1924 until his death in 1953. Polls show Russians view him as a 'remarkable' figure and the younger population is unaware of Stalin-era purges, while President Vladimir Putin has dismissed attacks on Stalin as a ploy to demonize Russia."

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"Russia’s Roadmap to Exiting Ukraine"

Charles North vom United States Institute of Peace hält die Schaffung einer UN-Friedenstruppe im Osten der Ukraine für einen realistischen Weg, um Russland den Rückzug aus dem Konflikt zu ermöglichen. Grundsätzlich hätten Moskau und Kiew einer solchen Mission bereits zugestimmt. Zwei Streitpunkte ständen einer Einigung im Weg: "First, Putin has insisted that Ukraine must negotiate directly with the self-proclaimed 'republics.' Ukraine understandably refuses. Coordination with the 'republics,' if not handled by Russia or through the Minsk process, would more properly be handled by the U.N. special representative. Second, the Minsk Accords endorse a 'special status' for the areas currently under Russian influence, including specific powers for their local authorities. Many Ukrainians mistrust such an arrangement, applied exclusively to these areas, as a way for Russia to continue subverting Ukrainian governance. Adhering to this provision will increase resentment toward the separatists and inhibit their reintegration. Alternatively, Ukraine could advance its decentralization and make all regions 'special' by adopting the European Union’s Charter of Local Self-Government as a framework nationwide. This approach may address Russian concerns, while strengthening Ukraine’s governance and easing the reintegration process."

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"Russia Will Target European Countries if They Host U.S. Nuclear Missiles — Putin"

Russlands Präsident Putin hat angesichts des drohenden Endes des INF-Vertrags angekündigt, auf die Stationierung neuer US-Mittelstreckenraketen in Europa entsprechend zu reagieren. "Putin told reporters on Wednesday that Russia would have to respond in kind and would do so swiftly if the United States quit the pact. 'Answering your question directly, can we respond,' Putin said, when asked what Russia would do if Trump made good on his pledge to leave the treaty. 'We can, and it will be very fast and very effective,' he said. 'If the United States does withdraw from the INF treaty, the main question is what they will do with these [intermediate-range] missiles that will once again appear.' 'If they will deliver them to Europe, naturally our response will have to mirror this, and European countries that agree to host them, if things go that far, must understand that they are putting their own territory at risk of a possible counter-strike.' Putin said he did not understand why it was necessary to put Europe in such danger, saying it was a situation that Russia itself wanted to avoid if possible."

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"Deja Vu in Europe as Trump Quits Nuke Treaty"

Leonid Bershidsky meint, dass ein Rücktritt der USA aus dem INF-Vertrag auch dem russischen Präsidenten Putin politisch gelegen kommen würde. "As Sestanovich pointed out, the U.S. was 'free under the treaty to move forward with a robust program of new deployments, all the while generating a steady stream of public accusations about Russian duplicity.' Now Trump has given up this convenient position, lending credence to the Russian view that in today’s world, all rules are out the window and everyone must fend for themselves. Russia no longer needs to hide its work on shorter-range missiles or their deployment, and it can describe it as a response to U.S. disrespect for fundamental international frameworks. (...) The real losers here are the countries that will be caught in the middle. The U.K. government announced, perhaps not surprisingly given the recent poisonings in Salisbury, it stood with Trump; but the German government doesn’t relish the thought of a repeat of the mass demonstrations that rocked the country when the Pershing IIs were deployed."

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"Putin Is Living in a World Without Rules"

Leonid Bershidsky schreibt, dass Präsident Putin mit seinen jüngsten Äußerungen zur Atomstrategie Russlands eine "fatalistische" Weltsicht offenbart habe, die kaum Platz für eine vernünftige internationale Kooperation zur Verhinderung einer atomaren Katastrophe lasse. "Putin told a session of the Valdai Club, set up as a forum for Russian foreign-policy intellectuals to share their views with foreign colleagues, that Russia doesn’t believe in a preemptive nuclear strike but rather in an immediate, deadly response: Yes, in this situation it appears as through we’re waiting for someone to use nuclear weapons against us, and we’re doing nothing ourselves. Well, yes. But then the aggressor must know anyway that retribution is inevitable, that he will be annihilated. (...) Putin is tired of any and all discussion. He’s already made all his decisions. It’s not just his visceral reaction to being in power after more than 18 years, though. The moderator of Thursday’s session, political scientist Fyodor Lukyanov, and a team of other well-known Russian intellectuals with links to the Valdai Club, wrote in the club’s report for this year’s session that all attempts to forge a workable global system have failed and it’s everyone for themselves now".

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"Why Putin Has Suddenly Turned Dovish on Syria"

Leonid Bershidsky führt Russlands Kompromissbereitschaft in Syrien vor allem auf US-Präsident Trump und dessen demonstrierte Bereitschaft zum Einsatz des US-Militärs gegen Präsident Assad zurück. "Unlike President Barack Obama, Trump has not hesitated to use force against the Assad regime. He has stepped up the U.S. military presence in Syria, and he reportedly agreed recently to keep troops there indefinitely. Erdogan’s warnings against attacking Idlib were backed up by some strong rhetoric from the U.S. The last thing Putin wants is for the U.S., flanked by Turkey and Israel, to attack the Assad regime. He’d be pitted against three major military powers with only Iran and the feckless Assad forces as his allies. (...) Now, to hold on to the gains Putin made jointly with Assad, he needs to exercise caution. On the one hand, he’s winning points by showing a willingness to compromise; on the other hand, though, he can’t be seen as showing weakness. This is perhaps the most difficult position for the Russian leader in Syria since 2015."

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"The Dangerous Legacy of Keeping Russia's World Cup Safe"

Auch wenn die vor dem Hintergrund der Fußball-WM getroffenen Sicherheitsmaßnahmen in Russland aufgrund der riesigen Kosten kaum aufrechterhalten werden dürften, erwartet Mark Galeotti ein "gemischtes Erbe" der Großveranstaltung. "Extra spending on law enforcement and urban security measures will carry forward and be especially useful for venue cities such as Rostov-on-Don, Volgograd and Yekaterinburg, which have needed something of an assist. However, if the more intrusive campaign of 'prophylactic chats,' local confinement and unofficial intimidations are also deemed successful, the temptation will be to adopt them more generally. Russia may gain a better reputation abroad while losing even more of its freedoms at home."

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"Amid Concerns of Terrorism and Hooligans, Russia Puts In Place 'Ring of Steel'"

Die russischen Sicherheitsbehörden hätten einen "Ring aus Stahl" um das WM-Turnier gezogen, um Terroranschläge und Übergriffe von Hooligans zu verhindern, schreibt die Moscow Times. "With Russia hosting a massive influx of tourists in 11 cities across the country, the question on many people’s minds is: Is it safe? Russia is well aware that the world’s attention is fixed on the country this summer and it is eager to show that it can easily accommodate the more than one million foreign fans expected to descend on the country during the World Cup. Ensuring that the tournament’s matches go ahead without a hitch is a matter of supreme importance to the Kremlin, and the government has spared no expense: Official estimates claim that more than 30 billion rubles ($479 million) have been spent solely on security."

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"Russia’s Islamic State Women and Children Should be Returned Home"

Die Moskauer Regierung hat sich bereit erklärt, die Kinder von russischen IS-Anhängerinnen, die in Irak inhaftiert worden sind, nach Russland zu überstellen. Im Hinblick auf die Frauen selbst beschränke man sich derzeit darauf, Todesstrafen durch irakische Gerichte zu verhindern, schreibt Ekaterina Sokirianskaia vom Conflict Analysis and Prevention Centre. Sie empfiehlt den Behörden, auch den Frauen die Rückkehr nach Russland zu ermöglichen, um deren Aussagen im Kampf gegen die Terrormiliz nutzen zu können. "Women in IS were overwhelmingly non-combatants, segregated, not allowed to see other men and in the near constant cycle of birth and breastfeeding. Bringing these women home, putting them through rehabilitation and deradicalization programs, reintegrating and rehabilitating their children rather than letting them languish in prisons in the Middle East is not just an act of humanity. Their rescue and compassionate treatment would be a very effective mechanism of preventing violent extremism in Russia. Their stories and testimonies will be the most powerful counter-narratives to ultra-radical Islamist ideologies and the most effective vaccine against future waves of mobilization under jihadist flags."

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"The End of the Annexation"

Der Westen sollte nach Fertigstellung der neuen Brücke zwischen dem russischen Festland und der Krim nach Ansicht von Andrei Kolesnikov die Hoffnung aufgeben, dass die Halbinsel irgendwann in Verhandlungen an die Ukraine zurückgegeben werden könne. "The bridge solves the problem of Crimea’s isolation from Russia. It should boost the number of tourists visiting the peninsula. But, most importantly, it is proof of Russia’s capabilities to the world and its authorities' soft power at home. (...) Crimea and Sevastopol received colossal financial support motivated by what is now generally referred to as 'geopolitical reasons.' The bridge is both a part of that support and its symbol. It is a sign of yet another victory by Russia — that is, Putin — and one that stands out all the more for taking place so close to hostile Ukraine and its Western supporters. Finally, it is also the conclusion of Crimea’s incorporation into Russia, both physically and politically. Any haggling over on what terms Russia might return Crimea to Ukraine is now definitively null and void."

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"Majority of Russians Fear Syria May Lead to WWIII, Poll Says"

Einer neuen Umfrage zufolge fürchtet eine Mehrheit der Russen, dass der Konflikt in Syrien zu einem Dritten Weltkrieg führen könnte. "According to the independent Levada Center pollster’s results published Wednesday, 57 percent of Russian respondents said they had 'some' or 'great concerns' about the Syrian conflict spilling into a global war, up from 48 percent in 2016. '[The results are] the outcome of the escalating conflict in Syria as it’s reflected in the media,' the RBC business portal cited Levada sociologist Stepan Goncharov as saying. Almost 40 percent said they did not share fear the start of World War III because of Syria."

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"Russia is a 'Beast From the Deep Sea' With 'Tentacles' — U.S. State Department"

Eine Sprecherin des US-Außenministeriums habe Russland aufgrund seiner internationalen Geheimdienstaktivitäten mit einer "Bestie aus der Tiefsee" verglichen, berichtet die Moscow Times. "'Russia has long arms; Russia has lots of tentacles […] It’s a beast from the deep sea,' Nauert told reporters at a daily briefing. Russia’s Embassy in the U.S. replied to the comparison on Twitter, saying that it resembled an anti-Russian propaganda poster from Nazi Germany."

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"How the Collapse of the Soviet Union Could Have Helped Skripal's Attackers"

Premierministerin May habe in ihrer Erklärung zum Fall des vergifteten russischen Ex-Spions die Möglichkeit genannt, dass der verwendete Kampfstoff von unabhängigen Akteuren eingesetzt worden sein könnte, schreibt Henry Nicholls. Das Chaos der zusammenbrechenden Sowjetunion lasse es tatsächlich denkbar erscheinen, dass toxische Substanzen bzw. das entsprechende Know-How vor vielen Jahren in kriminelle Hände geraten sind. "The Soviet Union's chemical weapons program was in such disarray in the aftermath of the Cold War that some toxic substances and know-how could have got into the hands of criminals, say people who dealt with the program at the time. 'Could somebody have smuggled something out?' said Amy Smithson, a biological and chemical weapons expert. 'I certainly wouldn't rule that possibility out, especially a small amount and particularly in view of how lax the security was at Russian chemical facilities in the early 1990s.' (...) Accounts of security deficiencies at weapons facilities indicate that, at least for a period in the 1990s, Moscow was not in firm control of its chemical weapons stockpiles or the people guarding them."

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"President Trump, I'm Russian and I'm Not Laughing"

Leonid Bershidsky hat keine Zweifel, dass die von US-Sonderermittler Mueller genannte "Internet Research Agency" tatsächlich Propagandaarbeit in den USA geleistet habe, da die russische "Trollfabrik" in sozialen Netzwerken in Russland oder der Ukraine mit ähnlichen Methoden eine Putin-freundliche Stimmung verbreite. Die Reaktion der USA auf diese Aktivitäten sei allerdings nicht nur übertrieben, sondern könnte langfristig auch die Meinungsfreiheit der Amerikaner gefährden. "The next time someone rolls out a cage containing an actor impersonating a presidential candidate, it could be seen as a legitimate reason to investigate: What if the Russians (the Chinese, the North Koreans, the Iranians) are behind this? Even such an investigation would have the effect of censoring speech. The other reason I'm not laughing is that the U.S. is on the verge of a misunderstanding that can be dangerous to me as a Russian citizen and to millions of other Russians living, working or just traveling in the West. (...) The Internet Research Agency trolls got visas to travel to the U.S. for personal reasons, but instead, according to the indictment, they 'gathered intelligence.' The obvious next step for the U.S. is to decide that, since so many Russians work for the regime in unofficial capacities, all Russians are automatically suspect."

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"Russia Denies it Violates the INF Treaty. OK, Show It"

Steven Pifer schreibt, dass der aktuelle Streit um den INF-Vertrag zwischen den USA und Russland durch die Entwicklung des russischen Marschflugkörpers 9M729 ausgelöst worden sei. Nach Ansicht der USA verletze diese Rakete durch ihre Reichweite den Vertrag, was Russland vehement abstreite. Pifer empfiehlt, die Frage durch eine Inspektion zu klären. "Russian and U.S. officials could use the Special Verification Commission established by the INF Treaty to work out procedures for Russia to exhibit a 9M729 to U.S. technical experts. The relevant question is how far the missile can fly. One key factor, for example, would be the size of the missile’s fuel tank(s). The experts could design ways to protect sensitive information unrelated to the missile’s range. (...) An exhibition of the 9M729 missile offers a possible way out of the current compliance impasse. If the missile has a range of less than 500 kilometers, an exhibit could allow the Russians to show that and make their case. Of course, if its range exceeds 500 kilometers, all 9M729s would have to be destroyed if Russia wished to return to full compliance with the INF Treaty. Something similar to an exhibit could also help resolve the most serious Russian charge of U.S. non-compliance with the INF Treaty."

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"The Story Behind Putin's Mistrust of the West"

Leonid Bershidsky meint, dass die von der George Washington University veröffentlichten Dokumente über das 1991 von westlichen Vertretern geäußerte Versprechen, die NATO nicht nach Osteuropa auszudehnen, einiges zum Verständnis der heutigen Haltung von Präsident Putin beitragen. "The assurances were never put on paper. But anyone looking for insights into President Vladimir Putin's worldview should take an interest in the GWU documents. They back up, to a certain extent, conclusions he appears to have reached on the basis of the Soviet records of these discussions. (...) He has clearly pored over Soviet documents from 1990 and 1991 - he quoted Woerner on non-expansion in his famous, belligerent 2007 speech to the Munich Security Conference. And he appears to want to negotiate with the West the way he feels Westerners negotiated with the Soviets back then. That means, to him, feinting, dissembling, offering meaningless assurances of non-aggression, denying Russia's military actions in Ukraine, offering concessions in Syria that he never intended to make. Irritated Western interlocutors find that it's impossible to negotiate with him because he doesn't mean what he says and doesn't say what he wants. He sees it differently - as talking like a winner."

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"Trump’s Decision on Jerusalem Might Open the Door For Russia"

Die russische Regierung wird nach Ansicht von Alexei Khlebnikov versuchen, die kontroverse Jerusalem-Entscheidung der USA zu nutzen, um den eigenen Vermittlerstatus im Nahen Osten zu stärken. "(...) Russia can easily improve its public image in the Arab world by siding with Arab countries against the U.S. decision. If Moscow invests carefully, it might increase its influence in the region even further. Russia, being a member of the Middle East Quartet alongside the United States, the EU and the UN, is increasingly well positioned to take the lead on the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, especially since Mahmoud Abbas, who heads the Palestinian Authority, has already said that Washington ceded its credibility in the group by recognizing Jerusalem. As the likelihood of the U.S. brokering a lasting peace between the Israelis and the Palestinians wanes, Russia’s role in the Middle East looks set to deepen."

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"Putin Orders Russian Military to Withdraw During Surprise Syria Visit"

Präsident Putin hat in einer Rede im syrischen Latakia den Abzug der russischen Kampftruppen aus Syrien angeordnet. "'I order the Defense Minister and the Chief of General Staff to proceed to withdraw Russian forces back to their points of permanent deployment,' Putin was cited by the state-run RIA Novosti news agency as saying at the Khmeimim airbase. If IS 'raise their heads again,' the president added, 'we will strike them with a force that they have never previously seen.' Putin also said that conditions have been created in Syria 'for a political resolution under the auspices of the United Nations.'"

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Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Publikationen zum Thema

Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

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