US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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11.04.2019

"Exclusive: Egypt withdraws from U.S.-led anti-Iran security initiative – sources"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-mesa-egypt-exclusive-idUSKCN1RM2WU

Ägypten hat die von den USA initiierte Sicherheitsallianz gegen den Iran Reuters-Informationen zufolge verlassen. "Egypt conveyed its decision to the United States and other participants in the proposed Middle East Security Alliance, or MESA, ahead of a meeting held Sunday in Riyadh, the Saudi capital, one source said. Cairo did not send a delegation to the meeting, the latest gathering held to advance the U.S.-led effort to bind Sunni Muslim Arab allies into a security, political and economic pact to counter Shi’ite Iran, the source said. Egypt withdrew because it doubted the seriousness of the initiative, had yet to see a formal blueprint laying it out, and because of the danger that the plan would increase tensions with Iran, said an Arab source who, like the others, spoke on condition of anonymity. Uncertainty about whether U.S. President Donald Trump will win a second term next year and whether a successor may ditch the initiative also contributed to the Egyptian decision, the Arab source said. 'It’s not moving well,' a Saudi source said of the initiative."

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09.04.2019

"USA stufen Irans Revolutionsgarden als Terrorgruppe ein"

https://de.reuters.com/article/usa-iran-revolutionsgarden-terror-idDEKCN1RL0FL

Reuters bezeichnet die Entscheidung der USA, die Islamischen Revolutionstruppen des Irans als Terrorgruppe einzustufen, als "beispiellosen Schritt". "Die Islamischen Revolutionsgarden (IRGC) seien das wichtigste Mittel, 'um die weltweite Terror-Kampagne der iranischen Regierung zu leiten und umzusetzen', sagte US-Präsident Donald Trump am Montag. Die Regierung in Teheran verurteilte das Vorgehen scharf. Es gefährde den Frieden und die Stabilität im Nahen Osten und weltweit, hieß es im staatlichen Fernsehen. Im Vorfeld hatten Kritiker die USA gewarnt, dass verfeindete Länder nun auch Vertreter des US-Militärs und -Agenten als Terroristen klassifizieren könnten. Einem Bericht des Staatsfernsehens im Iran zufolge hat der dortige Sicherheitsrat dies bereits getan."

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08.04.2019

"Battle rages for Libya's capital, airport bombed"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-libya-security/libyan-death-toll-rises-as-battle-for-tripoli-intensifi
es-idUSKCN1RK0WF

Die Kämpfe zwischen Truppen der von der UNO unterstützten Regierung in Tripolis und Einheiten der Libyan National Army (LNA) von Khalifa Haftar haben sich Reuters zufolge weiter verschärft. "Renewed civil war in Libya, splintered into areas of factional control since the 2011 overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi. threatens to disrupt oil and gas supplies, trigger more migration to Europe, and allow Islamist militants to exploit the chaos. (...) Haftar casts himself as a foe of extremism but is viewed by opponents as a new dictator in the mould of Gaddafi, whose four-decade rule saw torture, disappearances and assassinations. Haftar enjoys the backing of Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, which see him as a bulwark against Islamists and have supported him militarily, according to U.N. reports. Forces with the Tripoli government have announced an operation to defense the capital called 'Volcano of Anger'."

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29.03.2019

"Exclusive: With a piece of paper, Trump called on Kim to hand over nuclear weapons"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-usa-document-exclusive/exclusive-with-a-piece-of-paper-trum
p-called-on-kim-to-hand-over-nuclear-weapons-idUSKCN1RA2NR

Vier Wochen nach dem Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong Un in Hanoi berichtet Reuters über den möglichen Grund für das Scheitern des Treffens. Der US-Präsident habe dem nordkoreanischen Staatschef offenbar ein Papier mit der Forderung überreicht, alle Atomwaffen an die USA zu übergeben. "The document appeared to represent Bolton’s long-held and hardline 'Libya model' of denuclearization that North Korea has rejected repeatedly. It probably would have been seen by Kim as insulting and provocative, analysts said. Trump had previously distanced himself in public comments from Bolton’s approach and said a 'Libya model' would be employed only if a deal could not be reached. The idea of North Korea handing over its weapons was first proposed by Bolton in 2004. He revived the proposal last year when Trump named him as national security adviser. (...) The Hanoi document was presented in what U.S. officials have said was an attempt by Trump to secure a 'big deal' under which all sanctions would be lifted if North Korea gave up all of its weapons."

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28.03.2019

"U.S. approved secret nuclear power work for Saudi Arabia"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-saudi-nuclear/us-approved-secret-nuclear-power-work-for-saudi-arab
ia-idUSKCN1R82MG

Reuters hat Einsicht in ein Dokument erlangt, dem zufolge die US-Regierung amerikanischen Unternehmen erlaubt hat, Saudi-Arabien Technologien für den Aufbau von Kernkraftwerken zu verkaufen. "The Trump administration has quietly pursued a wider deal on sharing U.S. nuclear power technology with Saudi Arabia, which aims to build at least two nuclear power plants. Several countries including the United States, South Korea and Russia are in competition for that deal, and the winners are expected to be announced later this year by Saudi Arabia. (...) Many U.S. lawmakers are concerned that sharing nuclear technology with Saudi Arabia could eventually lead to a nuclear arms race in the Middle East. Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman told CBS last year that the kingdom would develop nuclear weapons if its rival Iran did. In addition, the kingdom has occasionally pushed back against agreeing to U.S. standards that would block two paths to potentially making fissile material for nuclear weapons clandestinely: enriching uranium and reprocessing spent fuel."

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26.03.2019

"Despite report findings, almost half of Americans think Trump colluded with Russia: Reuters/Ipsos poll"

http://https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-russia-poll/despite-report-findings-almost-half-of-am
ericans-think-trump-colluded-with-russia-reuters-ipsos-poll-idUSKCN1R72S0

Der Bericht von Sonderermittler Mueller hat Präsident Trump vom Vorwurf freigesprochen, während des Wahlkampfs 2016 geheime Absprachen mit Russland getroffen zu haben. Einer neuen Umfrage zufolge glaubt eine Hälfte der US-Bevölkerung trotzdem weiterhin an eine Verschwörung. "When asked specifically about accusations of collusion and obstruction of justice, 48 percent of poll respondents said they believed 'Trump or someone from his campaign worked with Russia to influence the 2016 election,' down 6 percentage points from last week. Fifty-three percent said 'Trump tried to stop investigations into Russian influence on his administration,' down 2 points from last week. Public opinion was split sharply along party lines, with Democrats much more likely than Republicans to believe that Trump colluded with Russia and obstructed justice."

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22.03.2019

"Exclusive: EU to drop threat of Huawei ban but wants 5G risks monitored – sources"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-eu-huawei-tech-exclusive/exclusive-eu-to-drop-threat-of-huawei-ban-but
-wants-5g-risks-monitored-sources-idUSKCN1R32K3

Reuters berichtet, dass die Europäische Kommission der amerikanischen Forderung nach einem Boykott des chinesischen IT-Unternehmens Huawei beim 5G-Ausbau in Europa nicht nachgeben will. "European digital chief Andrus Ansip will present the recommendation on Tuesday. While the guidance does not have legal force, it will carry political weight which can eventually lead to national legislation in European Union countries. The United States has lobbied Europe to shut out Huawei, saying its equipment could be used by the Chinese government for espionage. Huawei has strongly rejected the allegations and earlier this month sued the U.S. government over the issue. (...) The Commission will not call for a European ban on global market leader Huawei, leaving it to EU countries to decide on national security grounds."

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20.03.2019

"Exclusive: Germany to create fund to foil foreign takeovers after China moves"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-germany-industry-exclusive/exclusive-germany-to-create-fund-to-foil-fo
reign-takeovers-after-china-moves-idUSKCN1R10IR

Die Bundesregierung will ausländische Übernahmen deutscher Unternehmen mit strategischer Bedeutung künftig mit Hilfe eines neuen Staatsfonds verhindern. Michael Nienaber zufolge zeigt diese Abkehr von einer bisher eher passiven Haltung, dass die Regierung nationale Interessen des Landes stärker beachten wolle. "'In the past, Germany was too reluctant to define its national interests. This is changing now,' the first government official said. 'We see that we cannot lean back anymore and let everything be decided by the free play of market forces,' he said. 'And this means more protection from the state.' Long an ardent advocate of free markets, Germany’s move is a response to China’s state-driven metamorphosis from customer to competitor and U.S. President Donald Trump’s threats of unilateral trade sanctions and higher tariffs, the sources said. For decades, German politicians followed the 'ordoliberal' principles of post-war economy minister Ludwig Erhard who said free markets should decide winners and losers, with the state only providing a framework for fair competition. The German move also comes at a time the European Union as a whole is reconsidering the bloc’s industrial strategy and relations to China in the face of increased investment in critical sectors by Chinese state-owned enterprises."

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18.03.2019

"Exclusive: As Venezuela crisis deepens, U.S. sharpens focus on Colombia rebel threat"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-venezuela-exclusive/exclusive-as-venezuela-crisis-deepens-u-s-shar
pens-focus-on-colombia-rebel-threat-idUSKCN1QZ2HJ

Bei ihrem Bemühen um einen Regimewechsel in Venezuela habe die US-Regierung ihren Fokus auch auf die neu erstarkten kolumbianischen Rebellengruppen im Grenzgebiet beider Länder gerichtet, berichtet Phil Stewart. "U.S. officials see a growing threat from both Colombia’s National Liberation Army (ELN) and factions of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) that refuse to adhere to a 2016 peace agreement to end five decades of civil war. The United States believes the rebels are taking advantage of Venezuela’s crisis to expand their reach in that country and the scope of long-standing illegal activities, including drug trafficking. (...) The risks from the insurgents on both sides of the Colombia-Venezuela border add another layer of complexity to the crisis in Venezuela, where U.S. President Donald Trump says all options are on the table to remove Maduro from office."

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12.03.2019

"U.S., Taliban talks end for now with no Afghan peace deal"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-afghanistan-talks/us-taliban-talks-end-for-now-with-no-afghan-peac
e-deal-idUSKBN1QT26Q

Die Vertreter der US-Regierung und der Taliban haben ihre Verhandlungsrunde in Doha trotz mancher Fortschritte ohne eine Vereinbarung beendet. "U.S. and Taliban negotiators wrapped up their longest round of peace talks on Tuesday with progress made but no agreement on when foreign troops might withdraw, officials from both sides said. The 16 days of talks, in which the United States also sought assurances that the Taliban would not allow militant groups to use Afghanistan to stage attacks, are expected to resume in late March."

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01.03.2019

"U.S., S.Korea to replace spring exercises with smaller drills: officials"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-southkorea-military/us-skorea-to-replace-spring-exercises-with-sma
ller-drills-officials-idUSKCN1QI5FO

Die USA und Südkorea wollen in diesem Jahr offenbar auf ihr gemeinsames Frühjahrsmanöver verzichten und sich auf kleinere Militärübungen beschränken. "The official said the decision had been made for some time and was not an outcome of the latest summit between U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. (...) The United States and South Korea have suspended a number of military exercises since the first summit last year between Kim and Trump to encourage talks with North Korea. The leaders met this week in Hanoi for their second summit but the talks collapsed on Thursday without any agreement or immediate plan for a third meeting between them or their delegations. Speaking with reporters after the summit, Trump said military exercises were 'very, very expensive'. 'I was telling the generals, I said: Look, you know, exercising is fun and it’s nice and they play the war games. And I’m not saying it’s not necessary, because at some levels it is, but at other levels it’s not,' Trump said."

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27.02.2019

"Trump hails North Korea's 'awesome' potential ahead of talks with Kim"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-usa-summit/trump-hails-north-koreas-awesome-potential-ahead
-of-talks-with-kim-idUSKCN1QF2Y7

Soyoung Kim und Jeff Mason berichten, dass es nach Ansicht vieler Experten beim zweiten Gipfeltreffen von Donald Trump und Kim Jong Un zu spezifischen Vereinbarungen zwischen beiden Staatschefs kommen müsse. "This time, both sides are likely to feel pressure to agree on specific measures - what concrete steps North Korea will take to give up the weapons, and what the United States will offer in return. (...) The two sides have discussed specific and verifiable denuclearization measures, such as allowing inspectors to observe the dismantlement of North Korea’s Yongbyon nuclear reactor, U.S. and South Korean officials say. U.S. concessions could include opening liaison offices, declaring an end to the technical state of the Korean War or clearing the way for inter-Korean projects. Any deal will face scrutiny from American lawmakers and other skeptics who doubt North Korea is willing to give up the weapons, and who worry a compromise could squander U.S. leverage and undermine regional interests."

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25.02.2019

"North Korea's Kim arrives to warm welcome in Vietnam; Trump on the way"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-usa/trump-wont-rush-north-korea-on-denuclearization-peace-d
eal-possible-idUSKCN1QE09R

US-Präsident Trump hat vor dem Gipfeltreffen mit Kim Jong Un in Hanoi die Hoffnungen auf einen Verhandlungsdurchbruch bei der angestrebten Denuklearisierung Nordkoreas gedämpft. "(...) he appeared to play down any hope of a major breakthrough, saying he would be happy as long as North Korea maintained its pause on weapons testing. 'I’m not in a rush. I don’t want to rush anybody,' Trump said. 'I just don’t want testing. As long as there’s no testing, we’re happy.' (...) Speculation the Trump administration is open to a limited deal at the summit has raised expectations the two sides might declare an end to a technical state of hostilities that has existed on the Korean peninsula since the 1950-1953 Korean War ended with an armistice, not a truce. A South Korean presidential spokesman told reporters in Seoul the two sides might agree to a formal end of the war, which the North has long called for as a major step towards normalizing ties. 'The possibility is there,' the spokesman, Kim Eui-kyeom told a briefing in Seoul when asked if an end-of-war declaration was on the agenda."

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20.02.2019

"As Maduro holds on, Venezuela opposition eyes negotiated transition"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-venezuela-politics-transition/as-maduro-holds-on-venezuela-opposition-
eyes-negotiated-transition-idUSKCN1Q91GK

Die Opposition in Venezuela fasse angesichts des stockenden Versuchs, den Rücktritt von Präsident Maduro mit amerikanischer Unterstützung zu erzwingen, eine Verhandlungslösung unter Beteiligung der Chavista-Bewegung ins Auge, berichten Brian Ellsworth und Sarah Marsh. "Amid fears the changes have stalled, opposition leaders have begun to talk in the past week about bringing ruling Socialist Party stalwarts into a potential transition government. 'This transition requires a large national agreement between the country’s political forces,' Edgar Zambrano, vice president of the opposition-run National Assembly, said in an interview. Zambrano said any transition must include 'Chavismo,' the left-wing movement founded by Venezuela’s late leader Hugo Chavez, who hand-picked Maduro as his successor."

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15.02.2019

"U.S. investigators probing years of WikiLeaks activities: sources"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-wikileaks-assange-extradition/us-investigators-probing-years-of-wikile
aks-activities-sources-idUSKCN1Q42A3

Ermittler der US-Justiz sind Reuters-Informationen zufolge damit beschäftigt, in einer umfassenden Untersuchung Beweise für angebliche kriminelle Vergehen der Enthüllungsplattform WikiLeaks zu sammeln. "American investigators are gathering information and pursuing witnesses involved in both recent WikiLeaks disclosures and the website’s large-scale postings of U.S. military and diplomatic messages over several years from 2010. Officially, U.S. authorities have issued no public comments about the status of Wikileaks-related investigations. But a document which U.S. authorities said was mistakenly filed in open court in an unrelated case last November alluded to a sealed U.S. criminal complaint against Assange, though the document does not provide specifics regarding which laws U.S. prosecutors believe Assange violated. U.S. prosecutors have not officially confirmed an Assange indictment but the existence of secret charges against him also has not been explicitly denied."

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12.02.2019

"North Korea may have made more nuclear bombs, but threat reduced: study"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-usa-nuclear-study/north-korea-may-have-made-more-nuclear-bo
mbs-but-threat-reduced-study-idUSKCN1Q10EL

Das Center for International Security and Cooperation der Stanford University stellt in einem neuen Bericht fest, dass sich die vom nordkoreanischen Atomwaffenprogramm ausgehende Gefahr trotz der offenbar fortgesetzten Produktion von Raketentreibstoff reduziert hat. Grund sei die Aussetzung der Atomwaffen- und Raketentests seit Beginn der Verhandlungen mit den USA. "'The Stanford report said that while North Korea was likely to have continued work on warhead miniaturization and to ensure they can stand up to delivery via intercontinental ballistic missiles, the halt in testing greatly limited its ability to make such improvements. 'They have continued the machinery to turn out plutonium and highly enriched uranium,' [Siegfried Hecker, a former director of the U.S. Los Alamos weapons laboratory in New Mexico who is now at Stanford and was one of the report’s authors,] said, 'but it also depends on weaponization - the design, build and test and then the delivery.' 'When they ended missile testing, those things rolled backwards. So when I look at the whole spectrum, to me North Korea ... is less dangerous today than it was at the end of 2017, in spite of the fact that they may have made another five to seven weapons worth of nuclear material.'"

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10.02.2019

"South Korea signs deal to pay more for U.S. troops after Trump demand"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-southkorea-troops/south-korea-signs-deal-to-pay-more-for-u-s-troop
s-after-trump-demand-idUSKCN1PZ03Q

Die südkoreanische Regierung hat der Forderung von US-Präsident Trump nachgegeben und sich zu höheren Zahlungen für die in Südkorea stationierten US-Truppen bereit erklärt. "About 28,500 U.S. troops are stationed in South Korea, where the United States has maintained a military presence since the 1950-53 Korean War. The new deal must still be approved by South Korea’s parliament, but it would boost its contribution to 1.03 trillion won ($890 million) from 960 billion won in 2018. Unlike past agreements, which lasted for five years, this one is scheduled to expire in a year, potentially forcing both sides back to the bargaining table within months. (...) The disagreement had raised the prospect that Trump could decide to withdraw at least some troops from South Korea, as he has in other countries like Syria. But on Sunday, South Korean officials told Yonhap news agency that the United States had affirmed it would not be changing its troop presence."

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08.02.2019

"Exclusive: U.S. in direct contact with Venezuelan military, urging defections - source"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-venezuela-politics-military-exclusive/exclusive-u-s-in-direct-contact-
with-venezuelan-military-urging-defections-source-idUSKCN1PX22L

Die US-Regierung versucht Reuters-Informationen zufolge, Offiziere und Generäle des Militärs in Venezuela durch gezielte Kontaktaufnahme dazu zu bewegen, sich von Präsident Maduro abzuwenden. "The Trump administration expects further military defections from Maduro’s side, the official told Reuters in an interview, despite only a few senior officers having done so since opposition leader Juan Guaido declared himself interim president last month, earning the recognition of the United States and dozens of other countries. 'We believe these to be those first couple pebbles before we start really seeing bigger rocks rolling down the hill,' the official said this week, speaking on condition of anonymity. 'We’re still having conversations with members of the former Maduro regime, with military members, although those conversations are very, very limited.' The official declined to provide details on the discussions or the level at which they are being held, and it was unclear whether such contacts could create cracks in the Venezuelan socialist leader’s support from the military, which is pivotal to his grip on power."

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03.02.2019

"Trump says U.S. military intervention in Venezuela 'an option;' Russia objects"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-venezuela-politics/trump-says-u-s-military-intervention-in-venezuela-a
n-option-russia-objects-idUSKCN1PS0DK

US-Präsident Trump will eine militärische Intervention der USA in Venezuela nicht kategorisch ausschließen. "Trump said U.S. military intervention was under consideration in an interview with CBS aired on Sunday. 'Certainly, it’s something that’s on the - it’s an option,' Trump said, adding that Maduro requested a meeting months ago. 'I’ve turned it down because we’re very far along in the process,' he said in a 'Face the Nation' interview. 'So, I think the process is playing out.'"

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31.01.2019

"Skirting U.S. sanctions, Europeans open new trade channel to Iran"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iran-usa-sanctions-eu/germany-france-britain-to-launch-mechanism-for-t
rade-with-iran-idUSKCN1PP0K3

Deutschland, Frankreich und Großbritannien haben das neue Zahlungssystem mit dem Iran, das Unternehmen in bestimmten Fällen die Umgehung von US-Sanktionen ermöglichen soll, offiziell angekündigt. "France, Germany and Britain have opened a new channel for non-dollar trade with Iran to avert U.S. sanctions, although diplomats say it is unlikely to allow for the big transactions that Tehran says it needs to keep a nuclear deal afloat. (...) The European trade vehicle was conceived as a way to help match Iranian oil and gas exports against purchases of EU goods. However, those ambitions have been toned down, with diplomats saying that, realistically, it will be used only for smaller trade, for example of humanitarian products or food. 'It won’t change things dramatically, but it’s an important political message to Iran to show that we are determined to save the JCPOA (Iran deal) and also to the United States to show we defend our interests despite their extraterritorial sanctions,' one European diplomat said."

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23.01.2019

"Russia takes wraps off new missile to try to save U.S. nuclear pact"

https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-nuclear-russia/russia-takes-wraps-off-new-missile-to-try-to-save-u-
s-nuclear-pact-idUKKCN1PH16P

Russland habe mit der Präsentation einer Rakete einen letzten Versuch unternommen, den INF-Vertrag mit den USA doch noch zu retten, berichtet Reuters. "Russia showed foreign military attaches on Wednesday a new cruise missile that the United States says breaches a landmark arms control pact, billing it as an exercise in transparency it hoped would persuade Washington to stay in the treaty. (...) Russia displayed the new missile system at a military theme park outside Moscow to foreign military attaches and journalists. A senior defence ministry official explained the weapon’s characteristics in detail as a soldier highlighted different parts with a laser pointer. The missile has a maximum range of 480 kilometres (298 miles), which meant it was fully compliant with the INF treaty, Lieutenant-General Mikhail Matveyevsky, head of Russia’s Missile Troops and Artillery, said. The United States had previously rejected a Russian offer to look at the contested missile, in what is known as a 'static display', because it said such an exercise would not allow it to verify the true range of its warheads."

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22.01.2019

"Macron pocht auf Rüstungsexporte nach Saudi-Arabien"

https://de.reuters.com/article/deutschland-frankreich-r-stung-idDEKCN1PG1KM

Die Nachrichtenagentur Reuters verweist auf die auch nach dem Abschluss des neuen Vertrages zwischen Deutschland und Frankreich bestehenden tiefgreifenden Differenzen über Rüstungsexporte nach Saudi-Arabien. "Während die Bundesregierung die Ausfuhren wegen der Tötung des regimekritischen Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi aussetzte, lehnte Macron dies ab. Ein Großteil deutscher Rüstungsgüter gelangt nach Angaben aus Industriekreisen nicht auf direktem Wege nach Saudi-Arabien, sondern in Form von Zulieferungen an Rüstungskonzerne im europäischen Ausland. Entsprechend kann der deutsche Ausfuhrstopp zu Verärgerung bei den Partnerstaaten führen. In dem in Aachen am Dienstag unterzeichneten neuen bilateralen Freundschaftsvertrag wird die Absicht gemeinsamer Rüstungsprojekte unterstrichen."

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22.01.2019

"U.S. to formally seek extradition of Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou: Globe and Mail"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-china-huawei-canada/u-s-to-formally-seek-extradition-of-huawei-exe
cutive-meng-wanzhou-globe-and-mail-idUSKCN1PG078

Die US-Regierung hat die Absicht, die formelle Auslieferung der im Dezember in Kanada verhafteten Finanzchefin des chinesischen Huawei-Konzerns zu beantragen, berichtet Reuters. "Meng, the daughter of Huawei Technologies Co Ltd [HWT.UL] founder Ren Zhengfei, was arrested at the request of the United States over alleged violations of U.S. sanctions on Iran. She was released on bail last month and is due in court in Vancouver on Feb. 6. Relations between China and Canada turned frosty after the arrest, with China detaining two Canadian citizens and sentencing to death a Canadian man previously found guilty of drug smuggling. Beijing has not tied any of the three Canadians’ cases to Meng’s arrest, but has warned of severe consequences if she was not immediately released. Western and former Canadian diplomats have said they have no doubt the cases are linked."

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21.01.2019

"Germany bans Iranian airline from its airspace after U.S. pressure"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-germany-iran-airline/germany-bans-iranian-airline-from-its-airspace-af
ter-u-s-pressure-idUSKCN1PF0QC

Reuters berichtet, dass der Entzug der Betriebserlaubnis für die iranische Fluggesellschaft Mahan Air in Deutschland unter erheblichem Druck der USA beschlossen worden sei. "Germany has revoked the license of an Iranian airline because it has been transporting military equipment and personnel to Syria and other Middle East war zones, the foreign ministry said on Monday, after heavy U.S. pressure on Berlin to act. (...) The United States imposed sanctions on Mahan Air in 2011, saying it provided financial and other support to Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards (IRGC), and has been pressing its European allies to follow suit. (...) German government spokesman Steffen Seibert denied that the decision to ban Mahan air was the result of U.S. pressure. (...) U.S. Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin said on Monday that the 'U.S. Treasury appreciates the important decision by Germany to deny Mahan Air’s landing rights. Mahan routinely flies IRGC-QF and weapons to Syria, is subject to our terrorism secondary sanctions, and should be denied access around the world.'"

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15.01.2019

"Are China, Russia winning the AI arms race?"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-apps-ai-commentary/commentary-are-china-russia-winning-the-ai-arms-rac
e-idUSKCN1P91NM

Peter Apps schreibt, dass China und Russland im internationalen Wettrüsten bei Waffensystemen mit künstlicher Intelligenz gut im Rennen liegen. "Consultancy PwC estimates that by 2030 artificial intelligence products and systems will contribute up to $15.7 trillion to the global economy, with China and the United States likely the two leading nations. But it is the potential military consequences that have governments most worried, fearful of falling behind – but also nervous that untested technology could bring new dangers. (...) Traditionally, Western democracies – particularly America – have proved more adept than dictatorships at tapping new technology and innovation. On AI, however, Washington’s efforts to build links between Silicon Valley and the military have been far from trouble-free. In June, employees at Google forced the firm to avoid renewing its contract with the Pentagon. Many tech researchers are reluctant to work on defense projects, nervous they will end up building out-of-control robots that kill."

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04.01.2019

"2019 will be the year of more state control"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-lloyd-surveillance-commentary/commentary-2019-will-be-the-year-of-more
-state-control-idUSKCN1OY1OA

Mit China und Indien hätten die beiden bevölkerungsreichsten Länder der Welt nationale Programme zur digitalen Erfassung und Überwachung der Einwohner auf den Weg gebracht, schreibt John Lloyd. In westlichen Ländern seien es Unternehmen wie Facebook, die die Kommunikation ihrer Nutzer zunehmend überwachen und "regulieren". "These developments grow in importance and scope at the same time as the authoritarian world increases its size and becomes more restrictive. (...) Neither the authoritarians nor the national populists are likely to use the new powers of surveillance, and their capacity to discipline populations, with a strong regard for human rights – at least the rights of those of whom they wish to marginalize. Instead, these powers, especially the Chinese system, are likely to be used by leaders who wish to radically alter the liberal policies and customs they have inherited."

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20.11.2018

"Exclusive: After Khashoggi murder, some Saudi royals turn against king’s favorite son"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-saudi-khashoggi-royals-exclusive/exclusive-after-khashoggi-murder-some
-saudi-royals-turn-against-kings-favorite-son-idUSKCN1NO2KP

Reuters-Informationen zufolge stößt die geplante Thronfolge von Kronprinz Mohammed bin Salman in der saudi-arabischen Königsfamilie auf zunehmende Ablehnung. "Dozens of princes and cousins from powerful branches of the Al Saud family want to see a change in the line of succession but would not act while King Salman - the crown prince’s 82-year-old father - is still alive, the sources said. They recognize that the king is unlikely to turn against his favorite son, known in the West as MbS. Rather, they are discussing the possibility with other family members that after the king’s death, Prince Ahmed bin Abdulaziz, 76, a younger full brother of King Salman and uncle of the crown prince, could take the throne, according to the sources."

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08.11.2018

"With Trump shackled at home, Europeans fear more disruption abroad"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-elections-europe/with-trump-shackled-at-home-europeans-fear-more-d
isruption-abroad-idUSKCN1NC1W9

Europäische Politiker und Sicherheitsexperten fürchten Noah Barkin und William James zufolge, dass sich US-Präsident Trump angesichts der absehbaren innenpolitischen Blockade durch das von Demokraten dominierte Repräsentantenhaus künftig stärker auf die Außenpolitik konzentrieren könnte. "Peter Trubowitz, director of the United States Center at the London School of Economics, said: 'I would look for him to double down on China, on Iran, on the Mexican border.' 'I think that the incentive structure now has changed for him and he will invest even more time on the foreign policy front as we move forward to 2020,' he added. (...) One area where Democrats could rein in Trump is on Saudi Arabia, whose killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul last month has fueled a backlash in Congress and threats to block arms sales."

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31.10.2018

"Five reasons why Trump’s Iran sanctions will fail"

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mousavian-iran-commentary/commentary-five-reasons-why-trumps-iran-sanc
tions-will-fail-idUSKCN1N42QY

Seyed Hossein Mousavian bezweifelt, dass die neuen US-Sanktionen gegen den Iran die von Präsident Trump erhofften Folgen haben werden. "There are at least five reasons why Trump’s strategy will fail. First, while the United States seeks to cut Iran’s oil exports to zero, it has become clear that this is impractical; there is no viable replacement for Iran’s 2.5 million barrels per day in oil exports. (...) Second, Trump’s trade war with China and the U.S. imposition of economic sanctions against Russia make Beijing and Moscow less likely to work with Washington on Iran. (...) Third, U.S. sanctions have laid the groundwork for a historic change in the global financial system. For many decades, the U.S. dollar has dominated the international financial markets. However, American withdrawal from the JCPOA has encouraged countries such as Russia, China, India and Turkey to use their local currencies to trade with Iran. If Europe succeeds in creating a financial system that is separate from the U.S. dollar, other states can use euros in trade with Iran, diminishing U.S. domination of global markets. Fourth, the remaining signatories to the JCPOA view the nuclear deal as a means to counter American unilateralism. (...) Fifth, powerful U.S. allies such as the EU and Japan continue to support the JCPOA. (...) Against this backdrop, the next round of U.S. sanctions against Iran is likely to increase Middle East tensions – and unlikely to bring Washington closer to achieving its goals on Iran."

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30.10.2018

"Plundering Africa"

https://www.reuters.com/investigates/special-report/ocean-shock-sardinella/

Matthew Green beschreibt in dieser interaktiven Reportage, wie internationale Unternehmen die Küsten Afrikas "plündern", um im industriellen Maßstab Fischmehl zu produzieren. Der Klimawandel könnte diese neue Industrie demnach in wenigen Jahren zum Kollabieren bringen. Leidtragend wäre dabei auch die Nahrungsversorgung der Bevölkerung vor Ort. "From the shrimp ponds of China’s river deltas to the salmon cages of Norway’s fjords, the industry thrives by feeding fish to other fish. Its needs are so voracious, roughly 20 percent of the world’s wild-caught fish don’t even go near anyone’s plate but are instead ground up to make fishmeal. With relentless demand from China pushing fishmeal prices to record highs, companies have set their sights on West Africa as a new source of supply. From state-owned conglomerates to adventurous entrepreneurs, Chinese investors are racing to build new factories on the shores of Mauritania and its two neighbors to the south, Senegal and Gambia. But in the rush for sardinella, global business interests are snatching a staple of West Africa’s diet from the people who need it the most. And the blades of the grinding machines are posing a new threat to the species at a time when climate change already has sardinella swimming for its life. 'In four or five years, there won’t be any fish stocks left; the factories will close, and the foreigners will leave,' said Abdou Karim Sall, president of an association of small-scale fishermen in Senegal known by its French acronym, Papas. 'We’ll be left here without any fish.'"

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