US-Soldaten in Afghanistan



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"German exports to Iran halve in first half as U.S. sanctions bite"


Die US-Sanktionen gegen Teheran haben Reuters zufolge dazu geführt, dass sich die deutschen Exporte in den Iran in den ersten sechs Monaten dieses Jahres nahezu halbiert haben. "Sales to Iran plunged by 48% to 678 million euros ($758.8 million) from January through June year-on-year, data from the Federal Statistics Office reviewed by Reuters showed. Imports from Iran declined by 43% to nearly 110 million euros. 'The fact that trade between Iran and Germany has collapsed that massively is not a big surprise, unfortunately,' the BGA trade association said. It pointed to the extra-territorial character of recent U.S. sanctions which means that companies from third countries are also punished if they do business with Iran. 'German companies are forced to choose between their market activities in Iran and the United States, so it’s clear which market is preferred,' BGA said."

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"Afghan police pull back from isolated outposts as losses mount"

Die afghanische Polizei hat sich aufgrund der hohen Verluste im Kampf gegen die Taliban entschlossen, isolierte Außenposten im ganzen Land völlig aufzugeben. Hamid Shalizi berichtet, dass die Entscheidung auch auf Anraten von US-Beratern getroffen worden sei. "U.S. advisers have for years pushed commanders to abandon isolated checkpoints that serve little purpose beyond showing a presence but which act as a magnet for attacks by mobile Taliban fighters, increasingly armed with night-vision equipment. Following a change at the top of the interior ministry last year, officials say 6,452 police outposts and checkpoints all over Afghanistan are being assessed as part of efforts to reduce losses and cut the rate of desertion by police who feel abandoned by their commanders. Abdul Moqim Abdulrahimzai, director general of operations and plans at the interior ministry, said more than 210 police outposts and checkpoints had been closed in 17 provinces and another 200 had been identified for closure. (...) Over the last three years, the 200 outposts identified for closure suffered 5,000 attacks that killed 2,260 police and wounded 3,601, according to an interior ministry document seen by Reuters."

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"U.S. wants North Korea freeze as beginning, not end, of denuclearization"

Die US-Regierung will sich in den Verhandlungen mit Nordkorea nicht mit einem "Einfrieren" des nordkoreanischen Atomprogramms zufriedengeben. "The Trump administration has dismissed a New York Times report that said an idea was taking shape among U.S. officials to seek to negotiate a nuclear freeze by North Korea, rather than its complete denuclearization, thereby tacitly accepting it as a nuclear state. '(A) freeze, you know, that would never be the resolution of a process. That would never be the end of a process,' State Department spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus told a regular news briefing. 'That would (be) something that we would certainly hope to see at the beginning. But I don’t think that the administration has ever characterized a freeze as being the end goal. That would be at the beginning of the process.'"

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"Factbox: Iran nuclear row - could U.N. sanctions return?"

Iran hat wie angekündigt die Schwelle von 4,5 Prozent bei der Urananreicherung überschritten und damit nach Ansicht vieler Beobachter erneut gegen das internationale Atomabkommen verstoßen. Michelle Nichols zufolge könnten nun die 2016 aufgehobenen UN-Sanktionen gegen Iran wieder eingesetzt werden. "Most U.N. sanctions were removed in January 2016 when the deal - formally called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) - was implemented. (...) Here is how the dispute resolution process, which could take up to 65 days to play out unless extended by consensus, works (...)."

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"Abandoned by the UAE, Sudan’s Bashir was destined to fall"

Reuters-Reporter haben mit Insidern über die Hintergründe des Militärputsches in Sudan gesprochen. Der 30 Jahre herrschende Präsident Omar Hassan al-Bashir habe vor seinem Sturz offenbar zahlreiche politische Signale übersehen und mit den Vereinigten Arabischen Emiraten einen entscheidenden regionalen Verbündeten verloren. "Reuters interviewed a dozen sources with direct knowledge of events leading up to the coup to piece together how Bashir finally lost his grip on power. These sources, including a former government minister, a member of Bashir’s inner circle and a coup plotter, portrayed a leader who was skilled at manipulating and controlling rival Islamist and military factions in Sudan, but increasingly isolated in a changing Middle East. They described how Bashir mishandled one key relationship - with the United Arab Emirates. Oil-rich UAE had previously pumped billions of dollars into Sudan’s coffers. Bashir had served UAE interests in Yemen, where the Emirates and Saudi Arabia are waging a proxy war against Iran. But at the end of 2018, as Sudan’s economy imploded and protesters took to the streets, Bashir found himself without this powerful, and wealthy, friend."

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"Disappointed Venezuelans lose patience with Guaido as Maduro hangs on"

Immer mehr Venezolaner bezweifeln einer neuen Umfrage zufolge, dass es Oppositionsführer Guaido tatsächlich gelingen wird, Präsident Maduro abzulösen. "Interviews with more than two dozen people across Venezuela - as well as fresh polling data - suggest that many people have grown frustrated by the slow pace of change amid the hardships of daily life. Several said they were losing hope that Guaido could dislodge Maduro. (...) Analysts said the most likely outcome now is for the status quo to continue as Maduro gains confidence that his crackdown on the opposition will go relatively unpunished and Guaido seeks a new strategy to keep a weary public energized. (...) With a swift removal of Maduro not in sight, the opposition says it is knuckling down for a more protracted campaign and seeking to build a grassroots organization to press for elections without Maduro. Yon Goicoechea, a member of Guaido’s policy team, acknowledged there was 'fatigue' among Venezuelans."

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"The Maduro mystery: Why the armed forces still stand by Venezuela’s beleaguered president"


Ein Team von Reuters-Reportern hat sich in diesem Spezialreport mit den Gründen für die anhaltende Loyalität des Militärs in Venezuela zu Präsident Maduro beschäftigt. "One of the central mysteries of Venezuela’s slow-motion collapse: Why does the military continue to support Nicolás Maduro, the president who has led the once-prosperous South American country into poverty and chaos? The answer, according to people familiar with Venezuela’s military structure, starts with Maduro’s late predecessor, Hugo Chávez, the charismatic caudillo who cemented strongman socialist rule in the nation of about 30 million people. In a series of actions that began in 1999, the former lieutenant colonel and one-time coup leader began taming the military by bloating it, buying it off, politicizing it, intimidating the rank and file, and fragmenting the overall command."

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"Trump says new sanctions on Iran to start Monday, dials back rhetoric"

US-Präsident Trump habe neue Sanktionen gegen den Iran angekündigt und zugleich seine Rhetorik gegenüber Teheran gemildert, berichtet Reuters. "Military action was 'always on the table,' the president said, but he added that he was open to quickly reaching a deal with Iran that he said would bolster the country’s flagging economy. 'We will call it 'Let’s make Iran great again,'' Trump said. He later wrote on Twitter from Camp David: 'We are putting major additional Sanctions on Iran on Monday. I look forward to the day that Sanctions come off Iran, and they become a productive and prosperous nation again.'"

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"Exclusive: Overruling his experts, Pompeo keeps Saudis off U.S. child soldiers list"

US-Außenminister Pompeo hat sich offenbar Experten des eigenen Hauses entgegengestellt, die Saudi-Arabien in eine Liste von Ländern mit Kindersoldaten aufnehmen wollten. "The decision, which drew immediate criticism from human rights activists and a top Democratic lawmaker, could prompt new accusations that U.S. President Donald Trump’s administration is prioritizing security and economic interests in relations with oil-rich Saudi Arabia, a major U.S. ally and arms customer. Pompeo’s move followed unusually intense internal debate. It comes amid heightened tensions between the United States and Iran, the Saudis’ bitter regional rival. (...) State Department experts recommended adding Saudi Arabia to the soon-to-be released list based in part on news reports and human rights groups’ assessments that the desert kingdom has hired child fighters from Sudan to fight for the U.S.-backed coalition in Yemen, the four sources said. The experts’ recommendation faced resistance from some other State Department officials who, according to three of the sources, argued that it was not clear whether the Sudanese forces were under the control of Sudanese officers or directed by the Saudi-led coalition."

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"Exclusive: U.S. pursues sale of over $2 billion in weapons to Taiwan, sources say, angering China"

Offenbar geplante Waffenverkäufe der USA in Höhe von zwei Milliarden US-Dollar an Taiwan könnten das ohnehin angespannte Verhältnis der USA zu China Mike Stone und Patricia Zengerle zufolge zusätzlich belasten. "The potential sale included 108 General Dynamics Corp M1A2 Abrams tanks worth around $2 billion as well as anti-tank and anti-aircraft munitions, three of the sources said. Taiwan has been interested in refreshing its existing U.S.-made battle tank inventory, which includes M60 Patton tanks. The United States is the main arms supplier to Taiwan, which China deems its own and has never renounced the use of force to bring the self-ruled island under its control. Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen said in March Washington was responding positively to Taipei’s requests for new arms sales to bolster its defenses in the face of pressure from China. The United States has no formal ties with Taiwan but is bound by law to help provide it with the means to defend itself."

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"Pompeo tells Germany: Use Huawei and lose access to our data"

Bei seinem Berlin-Besuch hat US-Außenminister Pompeo gedroht, dass Deutschland den Zugang zu sicherheitsrelevanten Informationen der USA verlieren würde, sollte das chinesische Unternehmen Huawei am Ausbau des deutschen 5G-Netzwerks beteiligt werden. "In the latest sign of escalating trans-Atlantic tensions over trade and security, Pompeo, on the first leg of a five-day European tour, said that while countries would take a 'sovereign decision' on which equipment to use, that decision would have consequences. '(There is) a risk we will have to change our behavior in light of the fact that we can’t permit data on private citizens or data on national security to go across networks that we don’t have confidence (in),' he told a news conference."

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"Assange suffering psychological torture, would face 'show trial' in U.S.: U.N. expert"

Der UN-Sonderberichterstatter zum Thema Folter, Nils Melzer, stellt nach einem Besuch von Julian Assange im britischen Hochsicherheitsgefängnis Belmarsh fest, dass der WikiLeaks-Gründer offenbar unter den Folgen jahrelanger psychologischer Folter leide. "'Mr. Assange has been deliberately exposed, for a period of several years, to progressively severe forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the cumulative effects of which can only be described as psychological torture,' Melzer said in a statement. The Swiss law professor declined to identify judges or senior politicians whom he accused of defaming Assange, saying 'dozens if not hundreds of individuals' had expressed themselves inappropriately. 'Here we are not speaking of prosecution but of persecution. That means that judicial power, institutions and proceedings are being deliberately abused for ulterior motives,' he added. (...) 'I am seriously, gravely concerned that if this man were to be extradited to the United States, he would be exposed to a politicized show trial and grave violations of his human rights,' Melzer said. 'The main narrative in this affair really is the United States wanting to make an example of Mr. Assange in order to deter other people from following his example,' he said."

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"From Colombia, Venezuelan defectors arm themselves to 'liberate' their homeland"

Paramilitärische venezolanische Milizen in Kolumbien haben Reuters zufolge grenzüberschreitende Angriffe angekündigt, um die Maduro-Regierung zu stürzen. "Eight men, who said they were defectors from Venezuelan police, army and intelligence services, had gathered near the two nations’ tense frontier, from where they said they will lead an attack aimed at overthrowing Maduro and handing the reins of power to opposition leader Juan Guaido. Dubbing their planned offensive 'Operation Venezuela,' the ex-army sergeant, Eddier Rodriguez, said there were around 150 men ready to take part with his group. Reuters was unable to independently confirm the status of the eight men or the size of the militia. 'Our goal is to liberate the country,' said Rodriguez, 37, who said he is currently working as a security guard in Bogota. 'We’re troops willing to give our lives if necessary, all 150 of us.'"

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"Exclusive: Myanmar soldiers jailed for Rohingya killings freed after less than a year"

In Myanmar sind sieben Soldaten, die wegen der Exekution von zehn Männern und Jungen während der Militärkampagne gegen die muslimische Rohingya-Minderheit zu zehn Jahren Haft verurteilt wurden, Reuters-Informationen zufolge bereits nach einem Jahr wieder freigelassen worden. "The soldiers were freed in November last year, the two inmates said, meaning they served less than one year of their 10-year prison terms for the killings at Inn Din village. They also served less jail time than two Reuters reporters who uncovered the killings. The journalists, Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo, spent more than 16 months behind bars on charges of obtaining state secrets. (...) The seven soldiers were the only security personnel the military has said it has punished over the 2017 operation in Rakhine, which drove more than 730,000 Rohingya Muslims to flee to Bangladesh. U.N. investigators said the crackdown was executed with 'genocidal intent' and included mass killings, gang rapes and widespread arson. Myanmar denies widespread wrongdoing and officials have pointed to the jailing of the seven soldiers in the Inn Din case as evidence Myanmar security forces do not enjoy impunity."

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"Defying Congress, Trump sets $8 billion-plus in weapons sales to Saudi Arabia, UAE"

US-Präsident Trump hat einen nationalen Notstand erklärt, um Waffenverkäufe an Saudi-Arabien, die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate und Jordanien trotz der Einwände des Kongresses vornehmen zu können. "Members of Congress had been blocking sales of offensive military equipment to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates for months, angry about the huge civilian toll from their air campaign in Yemen, as well as human rights abuses such as the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi at a Saudi consulate in Turkey. (...) U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a statement that U.S. partners in the Middle East needed the contracts to be completed to help deter Iran, and that the decision to circumvent Congress was meant to be a 'one-time event.' It is not the first time Congress and Trump have clashed over policy in the region, or the division of powers between the White House and Capitol Hill. The House and Senate voted to end U.S. military support for the campaign in Yemen earlier this year, but Trump vetoed the resolution."

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"Hobbling Huawei: Inside the U.S. war on China’s tech giant"

Reuters hat sich in diesem ausführlichen Beitrag mit dem "Krieg" der USA gegen das chinesische IT-Unternehmen Huawei und dessen befürchtete Dominanz beim Aufbau der globalen 5G-Netze beschäftigt. Australien habe als erstes Land auf sicherheitspolitische Risiken von Huawei´s Rolle in bestehenden und künftigen Netzen hingewiesen. "(...) Reuters interviews with more than two dozen current and former Western officials show it was the Australians who led the way in pressing for action on 5G; that the United States was initially slow to act; and that Britain and other European countries are caught between security concerns and the competitive prices offered by Huawei. The Australians had long harbored misgivings about Huawei in existing networks, but the 5G war game was a turning point. About six months after the simulation began, the Australian government effectively banned Huawei, the world’s largest maker of telecom networking gear, from any involvement in its 5G plans. (...) After the Australians shared their findings with U.S. leaders, other countries, including the United States, moved to restrict Huawei. (...) Until the middle of last year, the U.S. government largely 'wasn’t paying attention,' said retired U.S. Marine Corps General James Jones, who served as national security adviser to President Barack Obama. What spurred senior U.S. officials into action? A sudden dawning of what 5G will bring, according to Jones."

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"Half of American adults expect war with Iran 'within next few years': Reuters/Ipsos poll"

Einer aktuellen Umfrage zufolge erwartet die Hälfte der Amerikaner, dass die USA in den nächsten Jahren einen Krieg gegen den Iran führen werden. "While Americans are more concerned about Iran as a security threat to the United States now than they were last year, few would be in favor of a pre-emptive attack on the Iranian military. But if Iran attacked U.S. military forces first, four out of five believed the United States should respond militarily in a full or limited way, the May 17-20 poll showed. (...) Nearly half - 49% - of all Americans disapprove of how Republican Trump is handling relations with Iran, the poll found, with 31% saying they strongly disapprove. Overall, 39% approve of Trump’s policy. The survey showed that 51% of adults felt that the United States and Iran would go to war within the next few years, up 8 percentage points from a similar poll published last June."

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"Hardliners target Iran's president as U.S. pressure grows"

Irans Präsident Rohani gerate in der aktuellen Konfrontation mit den USA unter immer stärkeren Druck seiner innenpolitischen Gegner, berichtet Babak Dehghanpisheh. "Rouhani has two years until his term ends, but if he is seen by Iranians as responsible for their problems, his successor is more likely to take a hard line with the West, some analysts say. '[Hardliners] couldn’t ask for a better ally than the Trump administration,' said Ali Vaez, director of the Iran project at the Crisis Group."

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"Explainer: Why the war in Syria's Idlib escalated again"

Reuters berichtet über die Hintergründe der neuen Offensive syrischer und russischer Truppen gegen die von der radikalislamischen Rebellengruppe Tahrir al-Sham (früher Nusra Front) dominierte Provinz Idlib. "The Russian-Turkish deal created a demilitarized zone from which jihadists were required to withdraw, effectively putting the onus on Turkey to tackle the problem while leaving the northwest within a sphere of Turkish influence. But Russia’s patience has been wearing thin over what it views as Turkey’s failure to curb Tahrir al-Sham. Damascus, determined to recover 'every inch' of Syria, has also publicly expressed dissatisfaction with the status quo. (...) The full scope of the attack is not yet clear, though Russian President Vladimir Putin recently said a full-scale assault in Idlib was unpractical for now. Rebel sources believe the government’s aim is to seize two highways to Aleppo that run to the south of Idlib city through rebel-held areas. Russia and Turkey had previously agreed these roads should be opened. Russia’s motives in the northwest include securing its Latakia air base from rebel attacks."

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"Iran rolls back part of nuclear pact, France issues warning"

Die iranische Führung hat angekündigt, Teile des internationalen Atomabkommens nicht länger berücksichtigen zu wollen. Auf eine Anreicherung von Uran will Teheran weiterhin verzichten, wenn die anderen Unterzeichner in den nächsten 60 Tagen die zugesagten Schutzmaßnahmen für den Öl- und Bankensektor Irans umsetzen. "France’s defense minister said she wanted to keep the nuclear deal alive but warned Iran it could face more sanctions if it did not honor its part of the deal. (...) The Trump administration has restored U.S. sanctions and extended them, effectively ordering countries around the world to stop buying Iranian oil or face sanctions of their own. (...) 'If the five countries came to the negotiating table and we reached an agreement, and if they could protect our interests in the oil and banking sectors, we will go back to square one (and will resume our commitments),' Rouhani said. Rouhani warned of a firm response if Iran’s nuclear case is referred again to the U.N. Security Council, but said Tehran was ready for negotiations."

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"Gaza conflict: Rocket barrage and Israeli strikes intensify"

Zwischen Israel und militanten Kräften in Gaza ist es in den vergangenen Tagen zu den heftigsten Gefechten der vergangenen Jahre gekommen. "Israel’s military said more than 450 rockets, many of them intercepted by its Iron Dome anti-missile system, have been fired at southern Israeli cities and villages since Friday, and it attacked some 220 targets belonging to Gaza militant groups. The latest round of violence began two days ago when an Islamic Jihad sniper fired at Israeli troops, wounding two soldiers, according to the Israeli military. Islamic Jihad accused Israel of delaying implementation of previous understandings brokered by Egypt aimed at ending violence and easing blockaded Gaza’s economic hardship. And this time, Israeli strategic affairs analysts said, both Islamic Jihad and Hamas, the militant group that runs Gaza, appeared to believe they have some leverage to press for concessions from Israel, where independence day celebrations begin on Wednesday."

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"U.N. rights experts cite concern at 'disproportionate' Assange detention"

Menschenrechtsexperten der UNO halten die Verurteilung und die Haftbedingungen des WikiLeaks-Gründers Julian Assange für unangemessen. "Assange is being held in the high-security Belmarsh prison 'as if he were convicted for a serious criminal offence', the U.N. working group on arbitrary detention said in a statement, adding that this 'appears to contravene principles of necessity and proportionality'. It described the skipping bail charge as a relatively 'minor violation'. The group, composed of five independent experts, issued an opinion in 2015 that Assange - holed up at the time at the Ecuadoran Embassy in London after skipping bail to avoid extradition to Sweden to face an allegation of rape - was being arbitrarily detained. Assange has denied the rape allegations."

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"Exclusive - Blackwater founder’s latest sales pitch: mercenaries for Venezuela"

Erik Prince, Gründer der umstrittenen Sicherheitsfirma Blackwater, hat Reuters-Informationen zufolge angeregt, Oppositionsführer Guaido und dessen Versuch, Präsident Maduro zu stürzen, durch eine Privatarmee mit bis zu 5.000 Söldnern zu unterstützen. "Over the last several months, the sources said, Prince has sought investment and political support for such an operation from influential Trump supporters and wealthy Venezuelan exiles. In private meetings in the United States and Europe, Prince sketched out a plan to field up to 5,000 soldiers-for-hire on behalf of Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido, according to two sources with direct knowledge of Prince’s pitch. One source said Prince has conducted meetings about the issue as recently as mid-April. (...) Some U.S. and Venezuelan security experts, told of the plan by Reuters, called it politically far-fetched and potentially dangerous because it could set off a civil war. A Venezuelan exile close to the opposition agreed but said private contractors might prove useful, in the event Maduro’s government collapses, by providing security for a new administration in the aftermath."

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"U.S. will not reissue waivers for Iran oil imports: White House"

Die US-Regierung hat die bisherigen Ausnahmeregelungen für ihre Erdöl-Sanktionen gegen den Iran aufgehoben, um den Druck auf Teheran weiter zu verstärken. "U.S. President Donald Trump has decided to eliminate all waivers issued to eight economies allowing them to buy Iranian oil without facing U.S. sanctions, the White House said on Monday, while vowing to ensure global oil market was well supplied. (...) The United States reimposed sanctions in November on exports of Iranian oil after Trump unilaterally pulled out of a 2015 nuclear accord between Iran and six world powers. Washington is pressuring Iran to curtail its nuclear program and stop backing militant proxies across the Middle East. Along with sanctions, Washington granted waivers to eight economies that had reduced their purchases of Iranian oil, allowing them to continue buying it without incurring sanctions for six more months."

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"Exclusive: Egypt withdraws from U.S.-led anti-Iran security initiative – sources"

Ägypten hat die von den USA initiierte Sicherheitsallianz gegen den Iran Reuters-Informationen zufolge verlassen. "Egypt conveyed its decision to the United States and other participants in the proposed Middle East Security Alliance, or MESA, ahead of a meeting held Sunday in Riyadh, the Saudi capital, one source said. Cairo did not send a delegation to the meeting, the latest gathering held to advance the U.S.-led effort to bind Sunni Muslim Arab allies into a security, political and economic pact to counter Shi’ite Iran, the source said. Egypt withdrew because it doubted the seriousness of the initiative, had yet to see a formal blueprint laying it out, and because of the danger that the plan would increase tensions with Iran, said an Arab source who, like the others, spoke on condition of anonymity. Uncertainty about whether U.S. President Donald Trump will win a second term next year and whether a successor may ditch the initiative also contributed to the Egyptian decision, the Arab source said. 'It’s not moving well,' a Saudi source said of the initiative."

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"USA stufen Irans Revolutionsgarden als Terrorgruppe ein"

Reuters bezeichnet die Entscheidung der USA, die Islamischen Revolutionstruppen des Irans als Terrorgruppe einzustufen, als "beispiellosen Schritt". "Die Islamischen Revolutionsgarden (IRGC) seien das wichtigste Mittel, 'um die weltweite Terror-Kampagne der iranischen Regierung zu leiten und umzusetzen', sagte US-Präsident Donald Trump am Montag. Die Regierung in Teheran verurteilte das Vorgehen scharf. Es gefährde den Frieden und die Stabilität im Nahen Osten und weltweit, hieß es im staatlichen Fernsehen. Im Vorfeld hatten Kritiker die USA gewarnt, dass verfeindete Länder nun auch Vertreter des US-Militärs und -Agenten als Terroristen klassifizieren könnten. Einem Bericht des Staatsfernsehens im Iran zufolge hat der dortige Sicherheitsrat dies bereits getan."

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"Battle rages for Libya's capital, airport bombed"

Die Kämpfe zwischen Truppen der von der UNO unterstützten Regierung in Tripolis und Einheiten der Libyan National Army (LNA) von Khalifa Haftar haben sich Reuters zufolge weiter verschärft. "Renewed civil war in Libya, splintered into areas of factional control since the 2011 overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi. threatens to disrupt oil and gas supplies, trigger more migration to Europe, and allow Islamist militants to exploit the chaos. (...) Haftar casts himself as a foe of extremism but is viewed by opponents as a new dictator in the mould of Gaddafi, whose four-decade rule saw torture, disappearances and assassinations. Haftar enjoys the backing of Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, which see him as a bulwark against Islamists and have supported him militarily, according to U.N. reports. Forces with the Tripoli government have announced an operation to defense the capital called 'Volcano of Anger'."

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"Exclusive: With a piece of paper, Trump called on Kim to hand over nuclear weapons"

Vier Wochen nach dem Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong Un in Hanoi berichtet Reuters über den möglichen Grund für das Scheitern des Treffens. Der US-Präsident habe dem nordkoreanischen Staatschef offenbar ein Papier mit der Forderung überreicht, alle Atomwaffen an die USA zu übergeben. "The document appeared to represent Bolton’s long-held and hardline 'Libya model' of denuclearization that North Korea has rejected repeatedly. It probably would have been seen by Kim as insulting and provocative, analysts said. Trump had previously distanced himself in public comments from Bolton’s approach and said a 'Libya model' would be employed only if a deal could not be reached. The idea of North Korea handing over its weapons was first proposed by Bolton in 2004. He revived the proposal last year when Trump named him as national security adviser. (...) The Hanoi document was presented in what U.S. officials have said was an attempt by Trump to secure a 'big deal' under which all sanctions would be lifted if North Korea gave up all of its weapons."

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"U.S. approved secret nuclear power work for Saudi Arabia"

Reuters hat Einsicht in ein Dokument erlangt, dem zufolge die US-Regierung amerikanischen Unternehmen erlaubt hat, Saudi-Arabien Technologien für den Aufbau von Kernkraftwerken zu verkaufen. "The Trump administration has quietly pursued a wider deal on sharing U.S. nuclear power technology with Saudi Arabia, which aims to build at least two nuclear power plants. Several countries including the United States, South Korea and Russia are in competition for that deal, and the winners are expected to be announced later this year by Saudi Arabia. (...) Many U.S. lawmakers are concerned that sharing nuclear technology with Saudi Arabia could eventually lead to a nuclear arms race in the Middle East. Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman told CBS last year that the kingdom would develop nuclear weapons if its rival Iran did. In addition, the kingdom has occasionally pushed back against agreeing to U.S. standards that would block two paths to potentially making fissile material for nuclear weapons clandestinely: enriching uranium and reprocessing spent fuel."

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"Despite report findings, almost half of Americans think Trump colluded with Russia: Reuters/Ipsos poll"


Der Bericht von Sonderermittler Mueller hat Präsident Trump vom Vorwurf freigesprochen, während des Wahlkampfs 2016 geheime Absprachen mit Russland getroffen zu haben. Einer neuen Umfrage zufolge glaubt eine Hälfte der US-Bevölkerung trotzdem weiterhin an eine Verschwörung. "When asked specifically about accusations of collusion and obstruction of justice, 48 percent of poll respondents said they believed 'Trump or someone from his campaign worked with Russia to influence the 2016 election,' down 6 percentage points from last week. Fifty-three percent said 'Trump tried to stop investigations into Russian influence on his administration,' down 2 points from last week. Public opinion was split sharply along party lines, with Democrats much more likely than Republicans to believe that Trump colluded with Russia and obstructed justice."

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Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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