US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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20.07.2019

"How Trump’s arch-hawk lured Britain into a dangerous trap to punish Iran"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/20/britain-lured-into-deadly-trap-on-iran-by-trump-hawk-john-b
olton

Simon Tisdall meint in diesem Kommentar zur Beschlagnahmung eines britischen Tankers durch den Iran, dass Großbritannien in eine von US-Sicherheitsberater Bolton gestellte Falle gelaufen sei. "(...) when US spy satellites, tasked with helping block Iranian oil exports in line with Trump’s global embargo, began to track Grace I on its way, allegedly, to Syria, Bolton saw an opportunity. The Spanish newspaper, El Pais, citing official sources, takes up the story: 'The Grace 1, which flies a Panamanian flag, had been under surveillance by US satellites since April, when it was anchored off Iran. The supertanker, full to the brim with crude oil, was too big for the Suez Canal, and so it sailed around the Cape of Good Hope before heading for the Mediterranean.' 'According to the US intelligence services, it was headed for the Syrian oil refinery of Banias. Washington advised Madrid of the arrival of the supertanker 48 hours ahead of time, and the Spanish navy followed its passage through the Strait of Gibraltar. It was expected to cross via international waters, as many Iranian vessels do without being stopped.' Although Spanish officials, speaking after the event, said they would have intercepted the ship 'if we had had the information and the opportunity', Spain took no action at the time. But Bolton, in any case, was not relying on Madrid. The US had already tipped off Britain. On 4 July, after Grace I entered British-Gibraltar territorial waters, the fateful order was issued in London – it is not known by whom – and 30 marines stormed aboard. (...) The Bolton gambit succeeded. Despite its misgivings, Britain has been co-opted on to the front line of Washington’s confrontation with Iran."

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02.07.2019

"Chinese border guards put secret surveillance app on tourists' phones"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/02/chinese-border-guards-surveillance-app-tourists-phones

Internationale Reisende in die chinesische Xinjiang-Provinz müssen einer Recherche des Guardians, der Süddeutschen Zeitung und der New York Times zufolge damit rechnen, dass die Grenzbehörden eine Überwachungssoftware auf ihren Smartphones installieren. "Chinese border police are secretly installing surveillance apps on the phones of visitors and downloading personal information as part of the government’s intensive scrutiny of the remote Xinjiang region, the Guardian can reveal. The Chinese government has curbed freedoms in the province for the local Muslim population, installing facial recognition cameras on streets and in mosques and reportedly forcing residents to download software that searches their phones. An investigation by the Guardian and international partners has found that travellers are being targeted when they attempt to enter the region from neighbouring Kyrgyzstan. Border guards are taking their phones and secretly installing an app that extracts emails, texts and contacts, as well as information about the handset itself. Tourists say they have not been warned by authorities in advance or told about what the software is looking for, or that their information is being taken."

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01.07.2019

"US arms control office critically understaffed under Trump, experts say"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/01/us-arms-control-office-understaffed-trump

Das für Rüstungskontrollabkommen zuständige Personal im US-Außenministerium habe sich in der Amtszeit Donald Trumps von 14 auf vier reduziert, berichtet Julian Borger aus Washington. "A state department office tasked with negotiating and implementing nuclear disarmament treaties has lost more than 70% of its staff over the past two years, as the Trump administration moves towards a world without arms control for the first time in nearly half a century. (...) China has ruled out participation in an arms control agreement with US and Russia whose nuclear arsenals are 20 times bigger than the Chinese, estimated at less than 300 warheads. Even if Beijing were willing, a trilateral agreement would require extensive and prolonged negotiation. But former officials and arms control experts in Congress say there have been no serious consideration of what to do when New Start expires in February 2021. 'There is no one home,' a congressional staffer involved in arms control said. 'There is no serious effort to come up with a plan. There is nothing real going on.'"

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26.06.2019

"The Pacific is in danger of becoming a semi-narco region"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/commentisfree/2019/jun/26/the-pacific-is-in-danger-of-becoming-a-semi-n
arco-region

Jose Sousa-Santos vom Joint Centre for Disaster Research an der Massey University in Neuseeland warnt, dass die Inselstaaten im Pazifik unter die faktische Kontrolle internationaler Drogenkartelle geraten könnten. "The region is being eroded by criminal organisations and drugs. We are seeing larger hauls of cocaine and crystal methamphetamines being trafficked through and seized in the Pacific and while it was once the thoroughfare for these drugs, the Pacific is now also the destination. The lower cost of drugs in South America and the higher cost of drugs in Australia and New Zealand result in the perfect storm. The spill-over effect into local communities has been immensely damaging. (...) Unless concrete efforts are made to address this threat, drug cartels will take control of the region, impacting governance, enabling corruption and the infiltration of law enforcement, customs and defence, and crippling the region’s tourism industry – a critical revenue earner for many Pacific economies. (...) Australia, United States and New Zealand need to take responsibility for an issue that has been created not only by their drug markets but also by their deportee policy. It is time the partners of the Pacific did their part in the heavy lifting to address this threat, before it is too late."

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26.06.2019

"Faces of war: Kurdistan’s armed struggle against Islamic State"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/26/faces-of-war-kurdistan-armed-struggle-against-islamic-state

Der Guardian präsentiert ein Foto-Essay von Joey Lawrence, der seit 2015 kurdische Guerilla-Einheiten und deren Kampf gegen den IS in Irak und Syrien begleitet. "Since March 2015, the photographer and author Joey Lawrence has had unprecedented access to Kurdish guerrilla organisations fighting Isis, embedding himself into the Iraq and Syrian civil war. His powerful portraits of the fighters give a different perspective to the conflict".

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19.06.2019

"Nuclear weapons: experts alarmed by new Pentagon 'war-fighting' doctrine"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/19/nuclear-weapons-pentagon-us-military-doctrine

Das Pentagon hat in einem mittlerweile wieder zurückgezogenen Papier Überlegungen über eine neue Kriegs-Doktrin angestellt, in der ein begrenzter Einsatz von Atomwaffen vorgesehen ist. Experten haben Julian Borger zufolge "alarmiert" reagiert. "The document, entitled Nuclear Operations, was published on 11 June, and was the first such doctrine paper for 14 years. Arms control experts say it marks a shift in US military thinking towards the idea of fighting and winning a nuclear war – which they believe is a highly dangerous mindset. (...) At the start of a chapter on nuclear planning and targeting, the document quotes a cold war theorist, Herman Kahn, as saying: 'My guess is that nuclear weapons will be used sometime in the next hundred years, but that their use is much more likely to be small and limited than widespread and unconstrained.' Kahn was a controversial figure. He argued that a nuclear war could be 'winnable' and is reported to have provided part of the inspiration for Stanley Kubrick’s film Dr Strangelove."

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14.06.2019

"Trump's maximum pressure train hits buffers with Abe's doomed Iran mission"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/14/shinzo-abe-iran-ayatollah-talks-analysis-trump

Die Angriffe auf die beiden Öl-Tanker im Golf von Oman haben ausgerechnet während des Iran-Besuchs des japanischen Premierministers Abe stattgefunden. Dessen diplomatische Mission sei dadurch spektakulär zum Scheitern gebracht worden, schreibt Julian Borger. "Shinzo Abe’s trip to Tehran this week turned out to be one of the more ill-fated mediation efforts of recent times. What was billed as a grand gesture – the first Japanese leader to visit Iran in four decades – ended in humiliation, with split-screen television pictures showing Abe being told off by a stern supreme leader, while a thick plume of smoke rose from a burning Japanese tanker in the Gulf of Oman. (...) Even without the visible symbolism of burning oil, Khamenei’s response to Abe’s mission could hardly have been more dismissive. He tossed aside the polite pretense that the Japanese prime minister had come on his own initiative, inviting the television cameras into his office to explain, in the bluntest of terms while Abe looked on helplessly, that the Japanese visitor had come bearing a message from Donald Trump, and was wasting his time. To add inevitable insult to injury, the US president then swiftly disowned Abe and his mission, portraying him in a tweet as well-meaning but naive, and declaring the time was not right for negotiations."

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03.06.2019

"Sudan: how Arab autocrats conspired to thwart reformists' hopes"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/03/sudanese-crackdown-comes-after-talks-with-egypt-and-saudis

Simon Tisdall hält die gewaltsame Vertreibung von Protestierenden in Sudan nach mehreren Treffen der Anführer der Militärregierung mit anderen arabischen Regierungen nicht für zufällig. "Analysts say the rulers of Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, no friends to democratic governance, are acting in concert to thwart the aspirations of Sudan’s reform movement. All three tried to shore up Omar al-Bashir’s regime, and since he was toppled in April by popular protests they have conspired to foment a counter-revolution. This fateful turning point may now have arrived. (...) The generals rightly fear a reckoning should they bow to the opposition’s demand for majority control over any transitional military-civilian government. Regional Arab states want to be able to influence Sudan’s future policy, especially on security issues, terrorism and Iran."

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02.06.2019

"Inside the Iraqi courts sentencing foreign Isis fighters to death"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/02/inside-the-iraqi-courts-sentencing-foreign-isis-fighters-to
-death

Simona Foltyn berichtet in ihrer Reportage aus Bagdad über die Tätigkeit der irakischen Gerichte, die zuletzt drei französische IS-Kämpfer zum Tod verurteilt haben. "In France, joining a terror organisation is punishable by up to 20 years in prison for those in leadership positions, in addition to a fine. But obtaining evidence on whether suspects committed violent crimes is difficult, which means they could walk free or get away with a lenient sentence, a politically explosive matter and security hazard European governments appear determined to avoid. Baghdad’s court referred to intelligence reports detailing the Frenchmen’s activities, but didn’t present them during the public hearings. The suspects, in turn, tried to paint a benign picture of their role in the so-called caliphate. They denied ever having pledged allegiance to Isis, describing their mounting disillusionment with injustice, chaos, and empty promises. Although they admitted to having worked for Isis as medics, trainers, stars in propaganda videos and members of the religious police, they said they did so under threat of imprisonment. Like Merzoughi, most denied taking part in military operations."

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02.06.2019

"Trump’s banning of Huawei could be the beginning of the biggest trade war ever"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jun/02/trump-banning-huawei-beginning-of-biggest-trade-war
-ever-united-states

Der Huawei-Boykott der USA könnte den größten Handelskrieg der Geschichte auslösen, warnt John Naughton. "There may indeed be valid reasons for excluding Huawei from western 5G networks, though clearly countries differ about the risk. But attacking Huawei’s smartphone and laptop businesses has little or nothing to do with 5G. Some other game is afoot. (...) if the US thinks that the Chinese government will allow one of its star companies to be crushed without retribution, then it’s deluded. Last week, President Xi Jinping paid a surprise visit to a rare earth plant. These exports are critical to the manufacture of (our) processor chips. Coincidence? Personally, I wouldn’t bet on it. Nor would anyone in the tech industry. It’s game on."

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27.05.2019

"France opposes Iraq's death penalty against French Isis trio"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/27/france-opposes-iraq-death-penalty-against-three-french-isis
-members

Ein irakisches Gericht hat drei französische IS-Kämpfer zum Tod verurteilt. Frankreich will sich um die Aufhebung des Urteils bemühen, wehrt sich aber weiterhin gegen die Überstellung gefangener französischer IS-Kämpfer in ihre Heimat. "France has confirmed it would take 'the necessary steps' to try to prevent Iraq carrying out the death penalty against three French citizens convicted of fighting with Islamic State. The French foreign ministry said on Monday: 'France is opposed in principle to the death penalty at all times and in all places.' (...) The French government has long insisted its adult citizens captured in Iraq or Syria should face trial locally, refusing to repatriate them despite the fact they are at risk of capital punishment. (...) They were among 13 French nationals caught in eastern Syria and handed to Iraqi authorities in February on suspicion of being members of the group’s feared contingent of foreign fighters. Iraq has taken custody of thousands of jihadists, and the Iraqi judiciary said recently that it had tried and sentenced more than 500 suspected foreign members of Isis since the start of 2018. Its courts have condemned many to life in prison and others to death, though none have yet been executed."

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21.05.2019

"Millions without water in Libya as armed group cuts off supply"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/21/millions-without-water-libya-armed-group-cuts-off-supply

Milizen, die angeblich General Haftar nahestehen, haben die Trinkwasserversorgung der libyschen Hauptstadt Tripolis unterbrochen. Patrick Wintour schreibt, dass die Episode das internationale Prestige des rebellierenden Generals beschädigen könnte. "It is likely that Haftar will disown the action, but the episode, however quickly it is resolved, may rebound badly on the warlord as he seeks to persuade the international community he can be the upholder of security against the criminal militias who have afflicted the weak GNA government in Tripoli. It will also add to the sense that the siege is deepening a general lawlessness in Libya that others, including Islamic State, are beginning to exploit. There have been a number of Isis hit-and-run attacks in the past month, mainly in the south of the country."

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14.05.2019

"No increased Iran threat in Syria or Iraq, top British officer says, contradicting US"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/may/14/no-iran-threat-in-syria-or-iraq-says-top-british-officer-
in-defiance-of-us

Der britische General Christopher Ghika, stellvertretender Kommandeur der Anti-IS-Koalition Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR), hat in einer Videokonferenz mitgeteilt, im Gegensatz zu den jüngsten amerikanischen Warnungen keine verstärkte iranische Bedrohung in Irak oder Syrien zu erkennen. Das Pentagon hat dieser Einschätzung kurz darauf ebenso deutlich widersprochen. "'No – there’s been no increased threat from Iranian-backed forces in Iraq and Syria,' Ghika said in a videolink briefing from Baghdad to the Pentagon. (...) On Tuesday night, US Central Command – whose area of operations covers the Middle East and Afghanistan – put out a statement refuting Ghika’s comments. 'Recent comments from OIR’s deputy commander run counter to the identified credible threats available to intelligence from US and allies regarding Iranian-backed forces in the region,' it said. (...) The rebuke was particularly striking as it implied that Ghika was unaware of the state of alert of his own troops. The remarkable comments heightened concerns that fabricated or exaggerated intelligence may be being used by administration hawks led by the national security adviser, John Bolton, to further the case for war against Iran, in a manner reminiscent of the buildup to the Iraq invasion."

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09.05.2019

"Singapore fake news law a 'disaster' for freedom of speech, says rights group"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/09/singapore-fake-news-law-a-disaster-for-freedom-of-speech-sa
ys-rights-group

In Singapur ist das umstrittene Gesetz zur Bekämpfung von "Fake News" verabschiedet worden. Die Regierung kann Medien nun zwingen, "falsche" Informationen zu "korrigieren" oder zu entfernen. "Technology giants including Google and Facebook have said they see the law giving Singapore’s government too much power in deciding what qualifies as true or false. Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director at Human Rights Watch said the new law was a 'disaster for online expression by ordinary Singaporeans, and a hammer blow against the independence of many online news portals'. (...) The International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), an association made up of senior judges, lawyers and legal scholars who campaign to uphold human rights standards around the world, said the law could be subject to abuse."

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21.04.2019

"As the Sri Lanka attacks show, Christians worldwide face serious persecution"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/apr/21/sri-lanka-attacks-christians-worldwide-persecution-
silence

Giles Fraser hebt in seinem Kommentar zu den Terroranschlägen in Sri Lanka hervor, dass Christen auch in anderen Ländern zunehmender Gewalt und Verfolgung ausgesetzt seien. Im Westen werde dies bisher weitgehend ignoriert. "Why the blind spot – especially given that we do care about so many other forms of oppression? No, it’s not a competition. But I do wonder whether on some unconscious level the secular and broadly progressive west thinks that Christianity had it coming. They associate Christianity with popes and their armies, with crusades and inquisitions, with antisemitism, British imperialism, Trump supporters and abortion protesters. (...) And maybe there are some who don’t want to talk about Christian persecution because they fear that it could easily be used – as it sometimes is – as an alibi for Islamophobia. Easier to fall silent about the murder of Christians than to be seen to side with those racists who blame Muslims for everything. I understand this – but it’s still not good enough."

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15.04.2019

"Fear and despair engulf refugees in Libya's 'market of human beings'"

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2019/apr/15/fear-and-despair-engulf-refugees-in-libyas-mar
ket-of-human-beings

Sally Hayden berichtet, dass Flüchtlinge und Migranten in Libyen fürchten, im aktuellen militärischen Konflikt von den beteiligten Milizen "rekrutiert" zu werden. "As the fighters controlling Tajoura prepare for a showdown, some of the hundreds of refugees and migrants inside the complex, and in other detention centres across Tripoli, are worried that they will become victims and targets, after they were forced to take an active role supporting militias aligned with the GNA. Compelling detained refugees and migrants to support fighters could constitute a war crime. Since Haftar’s advance began on 4 April, migrants and refugees in three detention centres have told the Guardian they were taken out of locked halls and ordered to carry and move weapons, with some transferred to military bases around the city. In a fourth centre, detainees said people had been taken away by fighters, but they don’t know what’s happened to them. (...) About 6,000 refugees and migrants are currently locked up in detention centres ostensibly under the control of Libya’s directorate for combating illegal migration, which is associated with the government of Fayez al-Sarraj. In reality, however, many of the centres are run by militias. The directorate did not respond to multiple requests for comment."

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15.04.2019

"Europe urged to reject US Middle East plan if it is unfair to Palestinians"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/apr/15/europe-urged-to-reject-us-middle-east-plan-if-unfair-to-pal
estinians

Eine Gruppe ehemaliger hochrangiger Regierungsvertreter habe sich in einem Brief offen gegen den Nahostplan der Trump-Regierung gewandt, berichtet Oliver Holmes aus Jerusalem. "The letter, sent to the Guardian, the EU and European governments, was signed by 25 former foreign ministers, six former prime ministers, and two former Nato secretary generals. 'It is time for Europe to stand by our principled parameters for peace in Israel-Palestine,' read the letter, calling for a two-state solution in which Israel and Palestinian states live side by side. Europe, it said, should reject any plan that does not create a Palestinian state alongside Israel with Jerusalem as the capital for both countries. 'Unfortunately, the current US administration has departed from longstanding US policy,' it said, criticising Donald Trump’s 2017 recognition of 'only one side’s claims to Jerusalem'."

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05.04.2019

"To import nuclear fuel Saudi Arabia must agree to inspections – IAEA chief"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/apr/05/to-import-nuclear-fuel-saudi-arabia-must-agree-to-inspectio
ns-iaea-chief

Saudi-Arabien könnte Berichten zufolge in diesem Jahr den Bau seines ersten Atomreaktors abschließen. Yukiya Amano, Generaldirektor der Internationalen Atomenergiebörde, hat angekündigt, dass die Saudis Inspektionen zulassen müssen, wenn sie den notwendigen Kernbrennstoff importieren möchten. "Yukiya Amano, director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), said, however, that Riyadh had not yet given a clear answer on its intentions. 'They didn’t say no. They didn’t say yes, and they are now giving it thought,' Amano told journalists on Friday. 'This is where we stand now.' Saudi Arabia’s first nuclear reactor, a small research facility in a university compound, is due to be completed by the end of the year. (...) Amano said that agency had been in communication with Riyadh since 2014 about the new reactor, due to be completed by the end of this year. 'It is not a secret at all,' Amano told reporters in Washington. 'We were informed they have the intention to construct the research reactor and we have been following it.' But he added: 'Once the nuclear material as fuel for the research reactor is imported, they have to move on to a full-fledged comprehensive safeguards agreement.'"

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31.03.2019

"Leaked reports reveal severe abuse of Saudi political prisoners"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/mar/31/leaked-reports-reveal-abuse-saudi-arabia-political-prisoner
s

Der Guardian ist an Dokumente gelangt, die zu belegen scheinen, dass politische Häftlinge in saudi-arabischen Gefängnissen systematisch misshandelt werden. "Political prisoners in Saudi Arabia are said to be suffering from malnutrition, cuts, bruises and burns, according to leaked medical reports that are understood to have been prepared for the country’s ruler, King Salman. The reports seem to provide the first documented evidence from within the heart of the royal court that political prisoners are facing severe physical abuse, despite the government’s denials that men and women in custody are being tortured. The Guardian has been told the medical reports will be given to King Salman along with recommendations that are said to include a potential pardon for all the prisoners, or at least early release for those with serious health problems."

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17.03.2019

"Technology is terrorism’s most effective ally. It delivers a global audience"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/mar/17/technology-is-terrorisms-most-effective-ally-it-del
ivers-a-global-audience

Der Massenmörder von Christchurch hat seine Tat über Facebook in einem Live-Stream übertragen. Jason Burke hält diesen Einsatz der modernen Technologie durch einen Terroristen für logisch und unausweichlich. "As media organisations evolved, so did terrorist ones. Top down was out, peer to peer was in. There were citizen journalists who followed broad guidelines but were not formally affiliated to an organisation and 'freelance' terrorists who did much the same. The mainstream media were increasingly redundant. Why fight to get on the BBC or al-Jazeera if you could just create your own channels and reach your audience directly? Isis showed how effective that could be. Rightwing extremists were slower to exploit the potential of this seismic shift. Now, with the Christchurch attack, they have caught up. There have been live streams of terror attacks before – a French extremist streamed on Facebook the knife murder of a policeman and his partner in 2016 – but none as high profile. It is often said we get the media we deserve but that is a simplification. But the media, like terrorism, are part of our societies and, like terrorism, are influenced by broader trends. Perhaps the most striking element of the atrocity in New Zealand is how the filming of the video was an integral part."

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15.03.2019

"US to deny visas for ICC members investigating alleged war crimes"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/mar/15/mike-pompeo-us-war-crimes-investigation-international-cri
minal-court

US-Außenminister Pompeo hat angekündigt, Mitarbeitern des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofes in Den Haag, die an der Untersuchung mutmaßlicher Kriegsverbrechen des US-Militärs in Afghanistan beteiligt sind, die notwendigen Visa für die Einreise in die USA zu verweigern. "The US secretary of state, Mike Pompeo, said Washington was prepared to take further steps, including economic sanctions, if the war crimes court goes ahead with any investigations of US or allied personnel. 'The ICC is attacking America’s rule of law,' Pompeo told reporters. 'It’s not too late for the court to change course and we urge that it do so immediately.' (...) James Goldston, the executive director of the Open Society Justice Initiative, said Pompeo’s remarks reflected the administration’s view that international law matters 'only when it is aligned with US national interests'."

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05.03.2019

"Rumours grow of rift between Saudi king and crown prince"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/mar/05/fears-grow-of-rift-between-saudi-king-salman-and-crown-prin
ce-mohammed-bin-salman

Stephanie Kirchgaessner und Nick Hopkins berichten über Gerüchte, denen zufolge es im saudi-arabischen Königshaus zunehmende Dissonanzen zwischen König Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud und Kronprinz Mohammed bin Salman gibt. "There are growing signs of a potentially destabilising rift between the king of Saudi Arabia and his heir, the Guardian has been told. King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman are understood to have disagreed over a number of important policy issues in recent weeks, including the war in Yemen. The unease is said to have been building since the murder in Turkey of the dissident Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, which the CIA has reportedly concluded was ordered by Prince Mohammed. However, these tensions increased dramatically in late February when the king, 83, visited Egypt and was warned by his advisers he was at risk of a potential move against him, according to a detailed account from a source. (...) The king has been trying to repair some of the damage done to the kingdom by the murder in October of Khashoggi. Supporters of the king have been pushing him to get more involved in decision-making, to prevent the crown prince from taking more power."

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17.02.2019

"Without territory or new recruits, Islamic State is in its death throes"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/feb/17/without-territory-or-new-recruits-islamic-state-is-
in-its-death-throes

Der "Islamische Staat" habe durch den Kollaps seines Kalifats in Irak und Syrien unter jungen Muslimen viel an der früheren Anziehungskraft eingebüßt, schreibt Jason Burke. Trotz der zum Teil sicher berechtigten Warnungen vor zu großer Euphorie sollte der Sieg über den IS seiner Ansicht nach deshalb auch nicht heruntergeredet werden. "If we put the rise and fall of Isis in a broader geographic and historic context, it shows us the fundamental failings of Islamic militancy, not its enduring strength. First, Islamic militant groups need a narrative. Isis drew young men, and some young women, from Europe and from across the Islamic world because it was audacious, new and apparently successful. In 2015, when the group was at the peak of its power, a former militant (and delinquent) in Belgium described Isis to me as the 'baddest gang around'. It isn’t any longer. (...) Many point to the toxic ideas of Isis as being its most dangerous legacy. Of course ideology is important, yet the last four decades of Islamic militancy have shown that, without territory, the threat extremists can pose to the west is extremely limited and can usually be contained locally, albeit at an often high cost in human suffering. Without a haven in Afghanistan, al-Qaida could never have organised and executed the 9/11 attacks of 2001. Without its Syrian infrastructure, Isis could not have launched its wave of violence in Europe between 2014 and 2016."

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02.02.2019

"'Why can't we get this over?': 9/11 hearings drag on at Guantánamo"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/feb/02/why-cant-we-get-this-over-911-hearings-drag-on-guantanamo

Julian Borger berichtet in dieser Reportage aus Guantánamo Bay über das laufende Militärtribunal gegen den "Chefplaner" der Anschläge vom 11. September 2001, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, und andere mutmaßliche Helfer der 9/11-Attentäter. "They were first charged in 2008 and the military commission proceedings began in 2012. The accused are growing old, some of the witnesses have died and the trial is still a year off, at least, as the hearings have been bogged down in procedural arguments. The 33rd pre-trial hearing began on Monday. (...) For the defence, as well as human rights advocates and most legal scholars, the military commissions have been poisoned from their inception by the all-enveloping issue of torture. (...) There are several other constraints on the defence that would be unthinkable in federal court, especially in a death penalty case. It is not allowed to reveal classified information, but in a touch of Kafka in the Caribbean, the government has not provided clear guidance on what is classified and what is not. Even more importantly, the defence cannot call its own witnesses but must go through the government, which attorneys claim has turned down 90% of its requests."

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11.12.2018

"'Cyprus is saturated' - burgeoning migrant crisis grips island"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/dec/11/cyprus-the-new-entry-point-to-europe-for-refugees-and-migra
nts

Zypern habe sich zu einem neuen Brennpunkt der Migrationskrise im Nahen Osten entwickelt, berichtet Helena Smith in ihrer Reportage aus Nikosia. "Cyprus is in the midst of a burgeoning migrant crisis as smuggler networks take advantage of the Mediterranean island’s partition and proximity to the Middle East. As in Greece, when Europe’s refugee crisis erupted with Syria’s descent into civil war, support groups have rushed to deal with the social ailments that have arisen with the influx. 'Cyprus is saturated,' its interior minister, Constantinos Petrides, said in an interview with the Guardian. 'It’s no longer easy to absorb such flows, or handle the situation, no matter how much money we get.'"

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29.11.2018

"Why is populism booming? Today’s tech is partly to blame"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/nov/29/populism-tinder-politics-swipe-left-or-right-unthin
kingly

Jamie Bartlett meint, dass die sozialen Netzwerke beim Aufstieg "populistischer" Bewegungen eine große Rolle spielen, da argumentative Nuancen gegenüber extremen Meinungen auf den Plattformen in der Regel keine Chance hätten. Dafür seien allerdings nicht nur ein paar "Dummköpfe" verantwortlich. "The word populist has become a derogatory and patronising term of late, typically used by liberals to belittle things they don’t like – most obviously Donald Trump and Brexit. But populism has two chief characteristics. First, it offers immediate and supposedly obvious answers to complicated problems, which usually blame some other group along the way. Second, it claims to represent the decent but downtrodden 'people' against a corrupt and distant elite. This style and narrative can be left- as well as rightwing. Social media provide the perfect platform for both lines of attack. (...) Perhaps it’s more accurate to say we are all – voters and leaders alike – becoming populistic in our norms and expectations. To understand this, we must ditch some patronising liberal canards. One is that the populist surge is caused by some other idiots getting duped by fake news. A bigger problem is that we can, and do, surround ourselves with the warm, corroborating glow of cherry-picked, true news. That’s not the same as fake news, but the effect is similar: when a commonly shared truth is replaced by individual realities, there is nothing upon which to anchor political discussion and debate. All that remains is two groups screaming at each other, and populists can scream louder."

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26.11.2018

"Ukraine president proposes martial law after Russia siezes ships"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/25/russia-border-guards-ram-tugboat-ukraine-navy-crimea

Matthew Bodner und Patrick Greenfield machen in ihrem Bericht über die Krise in der Straße von Kertsch darauf aufmerksam, dass eine Verhängung des Kriegsrechts in der Ukraine auch eine Verschiebung der Präsidentschaftswahlen zur Folge haben könnte. In aktuellen Umfragen liegt die ukrainische Politikerin Yulia Timoschenko deutlich vor Amtsinhaber Pjotr Poroschenko und anderen Kandidaten. "The vote on martial law comes four months before presidential elections that Poroshenko is expected to lose. If Ukrainian MPs vote to suspend normal government, the elections could be postponed, prompting some observers to question whether Poroshenko was trying to exploit the incident. The MP Mustafa Nayyem said on Facebook that 'this whole story is complicated by the fact that, during martial law, the holding of presidential, parliamentary or local elections, as well as strikes, protests, rallies and mass demonstrations are forbidden'. Martial law was not declared in Ukraine after the annexation of Crimea by Russia in 2014 or during the ongoing war in eastern Ukraine with Russian-backed forces."

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22.11.2018

"Hillary Clinton: Europe must curb immigration to stop rightwing populists"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/22/hillary-clinton-europe-must-curb-immigration-stop-populists
-trump-brexit

Die frühere Präsidentschaftskandidatin Hillary Clinton hat europäischen Politikern in einem Interview mit dem Guardian geraten, sich der Flüchtlingsbewegung nach Europa öffentlichkeitswirksam entgegenzustellen. Die Einwanderungswellen der letzten Jahre hätten zum Aufschwung rechtspopulistischer Bewegungen und auch zum Brexit beigetragen, so Clinton. Europa müsse deshalb unmissverständlich signalisieren, dass die bisherige großzügige Hilfsbereitschaft eine Grenze erreicht habe. "'I think Europe needs to get a handle on migration because that is what lit the flame,' Clinton said, speaking as part of a series of interviews with senior centrist political figures about the rise of populists, particularly on the right, in Europe and the Americas. 'I admire the very generous and compassionate approaches that were taken particularly by leaders like Angela Merkel, but I think it is fair to say Europe has done its part, and must send a very clear message – ‘we are not going to be able to continue provide refuge and support’ – because if we don’t deal with the migration issue it will continue to roil the body politic.'"

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20.11.2018

"Trump inflated importance of Saudi arms sales to US job market, report says"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/20/donald-trump-saudi-arabia-arms-sales-jamal-khashoggi

Einer neuen Studie zufolge wird die wirtschaftliche Bedeutung der amerikanischen Waffenexporte nach Saudi-Arabien von US-Präsident Trump stark überschätzt. "The president has frequently estimated the total extent of defence sales to the Saudi regime at $110bn, and variously said they would generate 450,000, 500,000 or 600,000 jobs. According to a report by the Centre for International Policy thinktank in Washington, those figures are hugely inflated. The report, US Military Support for Saudi Arabia and the War in Yemen, argues that Saudi Arabia needs the US far more than the other way round, and the administration is underplaying its hand, if it wants to rein in Riyadh in Yemen – or punish the monarchy for Khashoggi’s murder at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. (...) The report’s author, William Hartung, said it was difficult to pin a precise number of jobs to that volume of sales. 'If we take a generous approach and include all jobs created in direct assembly and production of components, along with the jobs induced by the spending of wages by workers employed in assembly or component production, the $2.5bn in annual arms deliveries to Saudi Arabia would create 17,500 jobs in any given year,' Hartung wrote, pointing out that it was a tiny fraction of 1% of the 160 million US workforce."

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18.11.2018

"European diplomats mount last-ditch effort to stop US scrapping INF treaty"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/18/inf-treaty-european-diplomats-us-russia

Europäische Diplomaten wollen offenbar einen letzten Anlauf zur Rettung des INF-Abkommens unternehmen. Große Hoffnung auf Erfolg gebe es allerdings auch unter den Europäern nicht mehr, so Julian Borger. "European officials are seeking to act as intermediaries between Russia and the US in the hope of salvaging a cold war-era arms control treaty that Donald Trump has threatened to scrap. However, the diplomats involved are not confident of success in the effort to save the 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty. Although they have the support of senior officials in the US defence and state departments, they face opposition from the White House, particularly from the national security adviser, John Bolton. Nor is it clear whether Moscow is interested in a deal. The collapse of the INF would leave the Russian military free to deploy short- and medium-range nuclear missiles along its borders with Nato in Europe, and in China."

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