US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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13.09.2018

"A new authoritarian axis demands an international progressive front"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/ng-interactive/2018/sep/13/bernie-sanders-international-progres
sive-front

US-Senator Bernie Sanders fordert in diesem Beitrag für den Guardian, dass sich linke Kräfte der "neuen autoritären Achse" weltweit in einer gemeinsamen "progressiven Front" entgegenstellen müssen. Dabei werde es nicht ausreichen, die internationale Ordnung ungeachtet ihrer Mängel zu verteidigen: "In order to effectively combat the rise of the international authoritarian axis, we need an international progressive movement that mobilizes behind a vision of shared prosperity, security and dignity for all people, and that addresses the massive global inequality that exists, not only in wealth but in political power. Such a movement must be willing to think creatively and boldly about the world that we would like to see. While the authoritarian axis is committed to tearing down a post-second world war global order that they see as limiting their access to power and wealth, it is not enough for us to simply defend that order as it exists now. We must look honestly at how that order has failed to deliver on many of its promises, and how authoritarians have adeptly exploited those failures in order to build support for their agenda."

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12.09.2018

"US considers sanctions on China over treatment of Uighurs"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/sep/12/us-considers-sanctions-on-china-over-treatment-of-uighurs

Die US-Regierung erwägt, China wegen der Masseninternierung von mehr als einer Million Angehörigen der muslimischen Uiguren-Minderheit mit Wirtschaftssanktionen zu belegen. "Any sanctions decision would be a rare move on human rights grounds by the Trump administration against China. The US is currently engaged in a trade war with China, while also seeking its help to resolve a standoff over North Korea’s nuclear weapons. The sanctions could be imposed under the Global Magnitsky Act which allows the US government to freeze the US assets of human rights violators, bar them from traveling to the US, and prohibit Americans from doing business with them."

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10.09.2018

"From Sweden to Brexit, immigration is the issue dividing Europe"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/sep/10/immigration-europe-sweden-elections-brexit

Die schwedischen Parlamentswahlen haben nach Ansicht von Simon Jenkins bestätigt, dass das Einwanderungsthema heute ganz Europa teilt. Es hätte "katastrophale" Folgen, wenn es der Politik nicht gelingen sollte, Migration und Grenzsicherung auf europäischer Ebene zu regulieren. "Since geography renders Europe’s southern border porous, there is no way Europe’s governments, democratic or autocratic, will any longer tolerate unrestricted borders within the EU. The one thing that will be catastrophic will be to pretend otherwise. (...) We can cheer the sea captain who pleads to land his refugees 'out of common humanity', but we cannot enforce his passengers on Europe’s citizens. There must be a pan-European regime, both to help frontier states police Europe’s southern border – on both sides of it – and to regulate and distribute migrants who do get across. But such a regime will never be accepted if individual European states cannot regain a degree of sovereignty over their populations. Indeed any regime will depend on it."

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07.09.2018

"Aggrieved Kurdish fighters quietly join Syrian regime side in battle for Idlib"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/sep/07/kurds-renew-their-claim-for-idlib-as-final-battle-draws-nea
r

Martin Chulov und Mohammed Rasool zufolge haben kurdische Kämpfer, die formell immer noch mit den USA verbündet sind, in Idlib eine Allianz mit den syrischen Regierungstruppen gebildet. "The presence of the Kurds in the fight for Idlib adds a new dimension to a clash that has drawn in every player in the long, savage war. The alliance has been kept under wraps both by Syrian officials, who have been wary of Kurdish ambitions throughout the war, and by Kurdish forces themselves, who remain nominally allied to Washington in the fight against Isis. (...) The men are believed to be members of the Syrian Democratic Forces, part of an alliance of Arabs and Kurds raised by the US to take on Isis in the north-east. With that fight now largely over, the SDF remain bitter at being ousted earlier this year from the town of Afrin in Idlib by Turkish-led Arab forces who had been raised to fight Assad. That defeat left the Kurds without a stronghold in an area in which they had been historically strong and strategically relevant. It also shifted the loyalties of many."

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04.09.2018

"The end of Atlanticism: has Trump killed the ideology that won the cold war?"

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/sep/04/atlanticism-trump-ideology-cold-war-foreign-policy

US-Präsident Trump habe dem Atlantizismus, der ideologischen Grundlage des transatlantischen Bündnisses seit dem Kalten Krieg, einen schweren, wenn auch nicht tödlichen Schlag versetzt, schreibt Madeleine Schwartz. "The idea that the world’s stability and prosperity is defined primarily by a partnership between Europeans and Americans is called Atlanticism or transatlanticism, and the people who care about it are convinced that Trump is out to tear up the alliance. For the politicians, professors, thinktank pundits and journalists for whom 'Atlanticist' is a badge of honour, an end to this partnership is not just a geopolitical issue, but a threat to liberalism and any hopes of political betterment around the world. (...) No matter how quickly the world changes, Atlanticism can endure, not as a reflection of politics as they are but as a tacit prescription of who should be in charge. (...) Whatever happens in the most recent crisis, there will still be Atlanticism, a nebulous set of ideals harking back to the end of the second world war. Its vagueness is too useful: political opportunism dignified with the weight of history."

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11.08.2018

"'We don’t have a single friend': Canada’s Saudi spat reveals country is alone"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/11/canada-saudi-arabia-support-us

In Kanada werde beklagt, dass das Land im aktuellen Streit mit Saudi-Arabien keine Unterstützung aus anderen westlichen Ländern erhält, berichtet Ashifa Kassam aus Toronto. Dies sei im Fall der USA besonders deutlich, betreffe aber auch Europa. Thomas Juneau von der University of Ottawa hält die Zurückhaltung westlicher Regierungen allerdings nicht für überraschend. "[Juneau] saw no immediate end to the row, particularly as neither side is suffering significant costs in the dispute. Saudi Arabia has shown little inclination in recent years to walk back from its reckless and impulsive behaviour, he said, while Canada’s federal government – facing an election in 14 months and already under fire for signing off on the sale of more than 900 armoured vehicles to Riyadh – is loth to be seen adopting any kind of conciliatory posture towards the conservative kingdom. While some in Canada had been disappointed to see the UK and Europe opt to publicly stay out of the diplomatic spat, Juneau described it as unsurprising. 'When Saudi Arabia had comparable fights with Sweden and Germany in recent years, did Canada go out of its way to side with Sweden and Germany? No, not at all,' he said. 'We stayed quiet because we had nothing to gain from getting involved. So on the European side, the calculation is the same.'"

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03.08.2018

"My son, Osama: the al-Qaida leader’s mother speaks for the first time"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/03/osama-bin-laden-mother-speaks-out-family-interview

Martin Chulov hat sich im saudi-arabischen Jeddah mit Familienangehörigen des 2011 getöteten Al-Qaida-Anführers Osama bin Laden unterhalten. In dieser Reportage berichtet er über die Umstände des Treffens, das durch die neue Politik von Kronprinz Mohammed bin Salman ermöglicht worden sei. "Saudi Arabia’s new leadership – spearheaded by the ambitious 32-year-old heir to the throne, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman – has agreed to my request to speak to the family. (As one of the country’s most influential families, their movements and engagements remain closely monitored.) Osama’s legacy is as grave a blight on the kingdom as it is on his family, and senior officials believe that, by allowing the Bin Ladens to tell their story, they can demonstrate that an outcast – not an agent – was responsible for 9/11."

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02.08.2018

"Zimbabwe's hopes for new start after Mugabe dashed"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/02/the-zimbabwe-we-hoped-for-not-dead-yet-dreams-dashed-by-ele
ction-violence

Der Gewaltausbruch nach den Parlamentswahlen in Simbabwe habe viele Einwohner überrascht und schockiert, berichtet Jason Burke aus Harare. "'We never thought this would happen. We thought this had gone away. It is terrifying,' said one woman who had been sent home by her employers for fear of further clashes. The 23-year-old hairdresser said she did not want to be named for fear of government reprisals. Only nine months ago, the streets of Harare were the scene of joyful celebrations as the news of the resignation of Mugabe, 94, spread. Though he had been removed in what was effectively a palace coup backed by the army and though the ruling Zanu-PF party remained in power, many Zimbabweans hoped for a better future."

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01.08.2018

"'I wouldn't waste my time': firearms experts dismiss flimsy 3D-printed guns"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/jul/31/3d-printed-guns-danger-problems-plastic

Ein US-Richter hat die Veröffentlichung von Bauplänen für Waffen aus 3D-Druckern im Internet aufgrund des Sicherheitsrisikos vorerst gestoppt. Dan Tynan schreibt, dass die tatsächliche Bedrohung durch diese "Geisterwaffen" nach Ansicht einiger Experten derzeit gering sei. Dies könne sich in den kommenden Jahren durchaus ändern. "3D printers work by melting or fusing raw materials such as plastics or metals at high heat, then laying down successive layers of the material in a specific pattern determined by software. This is also known as additive manufacturing, and it’s used to produce simple objects like toys, prototypes of industrial products, human medical implants, and jet engine fuel nozzles. Downloading the code for printing an AR-15 or M9 Beretta is merely the start. Opening and manipulating the file requires computer-aided design software and a fair amount of expertise. A user would also need a high-quality 3D printer, which can cost $10,000 or more. (...) Will we ever get to the point where printing a gun at home is as easy as printing a photo? Probably, said Max Lobovsky, CEO of Formlabs, one of the first companies to market low-cost professional 3D printers. But that won’t happen for some time. 'In 10 or 15 years, we’ll probably have a low-cost device that can produce fairly complete firearms or other weapons,' said Lobovsky. 'And maybe this is something our government’s policies should address today. But right now it’s so easy to acquire a gun that it doesn’t make sense to make one at home.'"

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01.08.2018

"Germany's 'China City': how Duisburg became Xi Jinping's gateway to Europe"

https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/aug/01/germanys-china-city-duisburg-became-xi-jinping-gateway-eur
ope

Duisburg hat sich zum europäischen Drehkreuz des chinesischen Investitionsprojekts der Neuen Seidenstraße entwickelt. Philip Oltermann befasst sich in dieser Reportage mit der neuen Rolle der Stadt im Ruhrgebiet. "(...) in Germany, some have been quick to sound a note of caution. If the still-recovering industries in western Germany make themselves too reliant on China, they warn, it could provide economic leverage for an authoritarian regime that wants to project its geopolitical power into western Europe. 'What’s good for Duisburg isn’t necessarily good for the world,' cautioned one recent article. For now though, China’s soft power barely registers in the region. The number of Chinese citizens living in the city has doubled in the past eight years – but from a low base of 568."

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27.07.2018

"A humiliating Brexit deal risks a descent into Weimar Britain"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jul/27/eu-brexit-weimar-britain

Auch Timothy Garton Ash hofft, dass die EU Großbritannien mit dem Brexit-Deal nicht "bestrafen" will. Ein "verbittertes" Großbritannien wäre seiner Ansicht nach eine Gefahr für sich selbst und für andere. "Such a Britain could also arrive more slowly, if the other 27 member states of the EU impose a humiliating divorce deal – a milder, peacetime, bureaucratic version of the punitive Versailles treaty imposed on Germany after the first world war, which sowed the seeds of German nationalist revisionism. (...) Am I exaggerating the danger by even hinting at a comparison with Weimar Germany? Indeed I am. I don’t seriously envisage millions of newly unemployed, or a new Hitler coming to power, or a world war started by Boris Johnson. But it’s surely better to overdramatise the risk, to get everyone to wake up to it, rather than do what most of our continental partners have done for the last two years, which is consistently to underestimate the dangers for the whole of Europe that flow from Brexit – especially a mishandled Brexit."

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27.07.2018

"Europe must wake up to the looming nightmare of a no-deal Brexit"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jul/27/europe-wake-up-no-deal-brexit-nightmare-rupture-wes
tern-alliance

Henry Newman vom Think-Tank Open Europe warnt Brüssel davor, Großbritannien durch Kompromisslosigkeit zu einem "harten" Brexit ohne jegliche Folgevereinbarungen zu zwingen. "We tend to fixate on our future economic relations, neglecting the security, defence and home affairs aspects of Brexit. But they are not neatly separable. An acrimonious exit from the EU will have a major economic impact on both sides of the Channel – and it will also damage security and defence cooperation with probably more lasting consequences. (...) I recently discussed with a senior German source my worry that if Brexit negotiations went wrong, Germany risked a simultaneous 'battle' with the US and Russia and a collapse in relations with the UK, at the same time as the EU faced its own internal threats from Poland and Hungary to Italy and the eurozone. And therefore it made sense to find a compromise with Britain based somewhere near the Chequers plan. My friend didn’t disagree, but wrily observed that Germany had often picked fights on too many fronts."

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23.07.2018

"Number of women and children who joined Isis 'significantly underestimated'"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/23/number-of-women-and-children-joining-isis-significantly-und
erestimated

Experten warnen Nadia Khomami zufolge davor, dass die Gefahr, die von den aus Syrien und Irak heimkehrenden britischen IS-Anhängerinnen ausgehe, bisher unterschätzt werde. "The ICSR researchers Joana Cook and Gina Vale said 850 British citizens became affiliated with Isis in Iraq and Syria, including 145 women and 50 minors. Of the 425 who returned to the UK, only two women and four minors were confirmed. (...) 'We believe some women may now pose a particular security threat based on several factors. These include the physical security roles and related training that some women have undertaken in IS-held territory, and the potential to transfer or apply these skills in other locations, or to their children. 'The narratives within IS itself related to women’s roles in combat have also evolved, broadening the circumstances under which women may be asked to take up arms. We have also seen women active in IS-linked plots (directed or inspired by the group) in countries such as France, Morocco, Kenya, Indonesia and the US, suggesting that women are indeed important to consider as potential threats.'"

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18.07.2018

"'Suffocating climate of fear' in Turkey despite end of state of emergency"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/18/turkeys-state-of-emergency-ends-but-crackdown-continues

Trotz der Aufhebung des Ausnahmezustands in der Türkei herrsche ein "Klima der Angst", da die Verfolgung von Oppositionellen keineswegs eingestellt worden sei, berichtet Kareem Shaheen aus Istanbul. "'Over the last two years, Turkey has been radically transformed with emergency measures used to consolidate draconian powers, silence critical voices and strip away basic rights,' said Fotis Filippou, Amnesty International’s deputy director for Europe. 'The lifting of the state of emergency alone will not reverse this crackdown. What is needed is systematic action to restore respect for human rights, allow civil society to flourish again and lift the suffocating climate of fear that has engulfed the country.' (...) The continued prosecutions offer a hint that, even though Erdoğan is secure in his control of the state’s levers of power and authority, there will be little immediate relief for dissidents. 'I think state of emergency has served its purpose, both politically and practically,' said Selim Can Sazak, a Turkey expert and adjunct fellow at the Century Foundation. 'The job is almost complete. Hundreds of thousands purged. Some Gülenists, apparently, but many others not. Universities, bureaucracy, media, etc, largely subdued.'"

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16.07.2018

"At last, a law that could have stopped Blair and Bush invading Iraq"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jul/16/law-blair-bush-iraq-hague-crime-of-aggression

Der Internationale Strafgerichtshof in Den Haag darf Geoffrey Robertson zufolge künftig das Verbrechen des Angriffskriegs verfolgen. Mit dieser neuen Regelung wäre es 2003 möglich gewesen, George W. Bush und Tony Blair wegen der Irak-Invasion völkerrechtlich zu belangen. "Although ICC jurisdiction over aggression is activated this week, its direct power of prosecution will only apply to nationals of states that have ratified the newly defined crime. Only 35 have stepped forward so far, mainly from Europe, and the UK, quite disgracefully, has done all it can to block the process (in remembrance, perhaps, of Tony Blair). It must be put under public pressure to change course."

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16.07.2018

"All you wanted to know about nuclear war but were too afraid to ask"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/16/nuclear-war-north-korea-russia-what-will-happen-how-likely-
explained

Julian Borger und Ian Sample haben zahlreiche Informationen über Atomwaffen und die internationalen Atommächte in einem Überblicksartikel zusammengestellt. "The use of a nuclear weapon is now more likely than any time since the cold war, but the probability of humanity being wiped out entirely has diminished".

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11.07.2018

"Central Europe is a lesson to liberals: don’t be anti-nationalist"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jul/11/central-europe-lesson-liberals-anti-nationalist-yug
oslavia-poland-hungary

Die politische Entwicklung in Zentraleuropa zeigt nach Ansicht des bulgarischen Politikwissenschaftlers Ivan Krastev, dass die europäischen Liberalen sich nicht als kategorische Anti-Nationalisten definieren sollten. "Over time (...) the equating of liberalism with anti-nationalism came at a cost. It eroded electoral support for liberal parties, making them totally dependent on the success of economic reforms and depriving them of powerful nationalist symbols. Meanwhile, an undeclared war between liberals and nationalists led to moderate nationalists being pushed to the illiberal camp. (...) Liberals may dream of defeating nationalism just as nationalism itself helped defeat communism. But that hope is fast turning into political tragedy – because while communism was a radical political experiment based on abolishing private property, nationalism – in one form or another – is an organic part of any democratic political scene. Acknowledging this must surely be part of addressing its growing influence."

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28.06.2018

"True scale of UK role in torture and rendition after 9/11 revealed"

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/jun/28/uk-role-torture-kidnap-terror-suspects-after-911-revealed

Zwei neue Berichte des Londoner Parlaments werfen den britischen Geheimdiensten vor, in den Jahren nach den Anschlägen vom 11. September 2001 aktiver als bisher bekannt an der Entführung und Folter von Terrorverdächtigen durch US-Geheimdienste mitgewirkt zu haben. "The reports published on Thursday amount to one of the most damning indictments of UK intelligence, revealing links to torture and rendition were much more widespread than previously reported. While there was no evidence of officers directly carrying out physical mistreatment of detainees, the reports say the overseas agency MI6 and the domestic service MI5 were involved in hundreds of torture cases and scores of rendition cases."

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27.06.2018

"North Korea making 'rapid' upgrades to nuclear reactor despite summit pledges"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jun/27/north-korea-nuclear-reactor-upgrades-summit-pledges

Satellitenaufnahmen zeigen offenbar, dass Nordkorea die Modernisierung eines Atomreaktors trotz der jüngsten Gipfelgespräche fortsetzt. Einige Experten meinten allerdings, dass die Baumaßnahmen nicht als Rückschlag interpretiert werden sollten, berichtet Benjamin Haas aus Seoul. "Infrastructure improvements at the Yongbyon nuclear plant are 'continuing at a rapid pace', according to an analysis by monitoring group 38 North of commercial satellite images taken on 21 June. (...) The status of various parts of the nuclear complex remains unclear, and experts cautioned linking ongoing improvements to negotiations with the US. 'Continued work at the Yongbyon facility should not be seen as having any relationship to North Korea’s pledge to denuclearise,' the experts warned. 'The North’s nuclear cadre can be expected to proceed with business as usual until specific orders are issued from Pyongyang.'"

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26.06.2018

"Saudi Arabia is not driving change – it is trying to hoodwink the west"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jun/26/saudi-arabia-is-not-driving-change-it-is-trying-to-hoodwink
-the-west

Arwa Mahdawi meint, dass sich viele westliche Beobachter von den jüngsten gesellschaftlichen Reformen in Saudi-Arabien nicht ganz ungewollt blenden ließen. Das Königshaus betreibe keinen wirklichen Wandel, sondern eine PR-Kampagne. "Allowing women behind the wheel is a PR move by Saudi Arabia, designed not to modernise the kingdom, but to render a repressive regime more palatable. Yet many western media outlets seem to be falling for this strategic “women-washing”, as you might call it, hook, line and blinker. Last month, Saudi Arabia locked up a number of women’s rights campaigners. (...) The irony of Saudi Arabia jailing women’s rights activists at the same time as it lifted its driving ban did not go unacknowledged by the media. However, the jailed activists were the secondary story. (...) Ultimately, the celebratory coverage around Saudi Arabia lifting its driving ban is a reflection of the fact that it is in the west’s best interest for the kingdom to be painted in a good light. It is terribly inconvenient, after all, to acknowledge that your lucrative trading partner, whose war efforts you are backing, is an abusive, authoritarian regime. Far better to focus on lovely photos of women in cars."

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25.06.2018

"Blame liberal democracy’s flaws for Erdoğan’s win, not the voters"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jun/25/blame-liberal-democracy-flaws-erdogan-win-turkish

Simon Jenkins stellt den Erfolg des türkischen Präsidenten Erdogan in eine Reihe mit ähnlichen Wahlergebnissen in Europa und macht den liberalen Westen für die diagnostizierte Krise der Demokratie mitverantwortlich. Es müsse die Frage gestellt werden, warum sich immer mehr Wähler offen gegen das "liberale/internationalistische Programm" aussprächen. "The currently fashionable 'death of democracy' movement draws attention to the failure of electorates to vote for the liberal/internationalist programme – hence Trump, Brexit and anti-immigrant parties in Italy, France and Germany. But the fault, if fault it is, lies not with the voters but with the institutions that are failing to respond to their demands. If the traditional vehicles of public debate – political parties, the media, academics – do not hear them, they will turn to leaders who do. (...) The real message of the Turkish election is that there is nothing inevitable about a mature democracy. It needs constant refreshment, everywhere. Parliaments and parties need updating. Local government needs liberating. Media pluralism needs defending. Social media hysteria needs limiting. One person, one vote, one time is not democracy but autocracy. Turkey is not our business. But democracy is."

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20.06.2018

"Trump's family separation policy is as damaging to America as Abu Ghraib"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/jun/20/trump-border-policy-family-separation-abu-ghraib

Michael H Fuchs vom Center for American Progress erwartet, dass die unnachgiebige Einwanderungspolitik der US-Regierung das internationale Ansehen des Landes ebenso nachhaltig beschädigen wird wie der Folterskandal von Abu Ghraib. "This land has always attracted people seeking a better life. This is a nation of immigrants, and immigration makes America stronger. But policies like forced family separations can deal powerful blows to the United States’ image as a beacon for those around the world yearning for a better life. Whatever one’s views on immigration policy, it seems an unqualified negative to turn America into a country known for its state-sanctioned human rights abuses instead of its admirable ideals."

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16.06.2018

"How China censors the net: by making sure there’s too much information"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jun/16/how-china-censors-internet-information

John Naughton stellt das neue Buch "Censored: Distraction and Diversion Inside China’s Great Firewall" vor, dessen Autorin Margaret Roberts erläutert, mit welchen Methoden die autoritäre Regierung in Peking Inhalte im Internet kontrolliert. "Censorship 2.0 is based on the idea that there are three ways of achieving the government’s desire to keep information from the public – fear, friction and flooding. Fear is the traditional, analogue approach. It works, but it’s expensive, intrusive and risks triggering a backlash and/or the 'Streisand effect' – when an attempt to hide a piece of information winds up drawing public attention to what you’re trying to hide (after the singer tried to suppress photographs of her Malibu home in 2003). Friction involves imposing a virtual 'tax' (in terms of time, effort or money) on those trying to access censored information. If you’re dedicated or cussed enough you can find the information eventually, but most citizens won’t have the patience, ingenuity or stamina to persevere in the search. Friction is cheap and unobtrusive and enables plausible denial (was the information not available because of a technical glitch or user error?). Flooding involves deluging the citizen with a torrent of information – some accurate, some phoney, some biased – with the aim of making people overwhelmed. In a digital world, flooding is child’s play: it’s cheap, effective and won’t generate backlash. (En passant, it’s what Russia – and Trump – do.) In her book, Roberts provides abundant evidence of how the Chinese authorities deploy these three techniques."

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10.06.2018

"The Guardian view on Trump and the G7 summit: a watershed moment"

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jun/10/the-guardian-view-on-trump-and-the-g7-summit-a-wate
rshed-moment

Der Guardian betrachtet den Verlauf des jüngsten G7-Gipfels als "Wendepunkt" mit möglicherweise langfristigen Folgen. "Some will argue that this was merely another bout of Trumpian theatrics, inseparable from his boundless narcissism and essential for fuelling his supporters’ anger in election year, and that the underlying substance of the US’s relationship with its fellow liberal democracies remains resilient enough to survive. (...) The truth may now be more serious. The US is the cornerstone of the post-1945 international order. (...) Without the US the other G7 nations lack as much clout to make the system work. Only France of the four European nations at the summit has anything approaching a strong government. The EU remains feeble. But the rest of the G7 must try."

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08.06.2018

"Former FBI agent Ali Soufan: 'Isis is not over – it will take a different shape'"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/jun/08/former-fbi-agent-ali-soufan-isis-is-not-over-it-will-take
-a-different-shape

Emine Saner stellt in diesem Porträt den früheren FBI-Mitarbeiter Ali Soufan vor, der jahrelang in der Terrorbekämpfung der Behörde aktiv war und nun davor warnt, die Bedrohung durch die Al-Qaida, den "Islamischen Staat" und andere radikalislamische Gruppen als gemindert zu betrachten. "Soufan says the threat from Isis 'is not over. It will take a different shape and I won’t be surprised if we start to see an alliance between Isis and al-Qaida in different areas in the Middle East. Al-Qaida is thinking in long-term strategy. They’re building alliances.' He believes 'al-Qaida is stronger today than they were before 9/11. They are focusing locally, but even if a small portion of these guys decides to go global again I think we’re going to have a big problem.' In the west, he says, 'one of the things we really need to focus on is building bridges with communities that might feel isolated because of the counter-terrorism strategies. Our strongest asset in defeating [the Islamist terrorism] narrative is our western values.'"

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05.06.2018

"Niger Islamic State hostage: 'They want to kill foreign soldiers'"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jun/05/hostage-niger-islamic-state-group-they-want-to-kill-foreign
-soldiers

Ruth Maclean hat sich für den Guardian mit einem nigerischen Soldaten unterhalten, der drei Monate von der radikalislamischen Terrorgruppe "Islamic State in the Greater Sahara" (ISGS) festgehalten wurde. Die dem IS nahestehende Gruppe wird auch für den Tod von vier US-Soldaten im Oktober 2017 verantwortlich gemacht. "Little is known about ISGS. The Guardian pieced together their history by talking to intelligence, military, political and rebel sources across Niger. Sahraoui, the leader and founder, may be a jihadist pledged to Islamic State, but his camel and motorbike-mounted militants are very different to ISIS fighters in Iraq and Syria. Sahraoui is thought to be originally from the disputed territory of Western Sahara and spent time in Algeria before coming to Mali. After years at the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) and the al-Qaida-linked group al-Murabitoun, he split off to found ISGS, piggybacking on a conflict on the Niger-Mali border that had been rumbling on for decades and was ripe for exploitation."

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04.06.2018

"Edward Snowden: 'The people are still powerless, but now they're aware'"

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/jun/04/edward-snowden-people-still-powerless-but-aware

Ewen MacAskill und Alex Hern haben sich fünf Jahre nach dem NSA-Leak mit dem Whistleblower Edward Snowden unterhalten, der seine Tat trotz seines gegenwärtigen Exils in Russland nicht bereut. "What has happened in the five years since? He is one of the most famous fugitives in the world, the subject of an Oscar-winning documentary, a Hollywood movie, and at least a dozen books. The US and UK governments, on the basis of his revelations, have faced court challenges to surveillance laws. New legislation has been passed in both countries. The internet companies, responding to a public backlash over privacy, have made encryption commonplace. Snowden, weighing up the changes, said some privacy campaigners had expressed disappointment with how things have developed, but he did not share it. 'People say nothing has changed: that there is still mass surveillance. That is not how you measure change. Look back before 2013 and look at what has happened since. Everything changed.'"

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30.05.2018

"Kim Yong-chol: the ultimate North Korean regime insider"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/30/kim-yong-chol-the-ultimate-north-korean-regime-insider

Mit Kim Yong-chol habe Nordkorea einen "ultimativen Insider" des Regimes nach Washington geschickt, um das Gipfeltreffen mit Donald Trump doch noch zu retten, schreibt Julian Borger. "Kim has been a border guard in the Korean demilitarised zone, a liaison officer with the United Nations, and a member of the team who held breakthrough negotiations with the South Koreans in the early 1990s. Over the past decade he was promoted to four-star general, and made head of the main North Korean intelligence service, known as the reconnaissance general bureau (RGB). He has served three generations of the Kim dynasty and in recent months emerged one of the most powerful figures in Kim Jong-un’s regime, second only to the leader’s sister, Kim Yo-jong. (...) The fact that Kim has flown to the US at all, in only the second such high-level visit since the Korean war, suggests it is a question that has to be resolved before there can be a summit in Singapore."

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22.05.2018

"'They deserve no mercy': Iraq deals briskly with accused 'women of Isis'"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/22/they-deserve-no-mercy-iraq-deals-briskly-with-accused-women
-of-isis

Martin Chulov berichtet aus Bagdad über die Schnellverfahren eines irakischen Gerichts gegen ausländische Frauen, die als IS-Anhängerinnen festgenommen und in mehr als 40 Fällen zum Tode verurteilt worden sind. "The proceedings had a sense of urgency, and so did the 10-minute hearings in Baghdad’s central criminal court that have summarily dispensed with the accused foreign women, sentencing more than 40 to death, and dozens more to life in prison since the so-called caliphate crumbled. (...) France and other European countries remain hostile to those of their citizens who are now facing Iraqi courts, insisting they should face local justice abroad. The French government has shown some leniency towards children orphaned by the fighting, but none towards adults who made decisions to join the group. (...) Human Rights Watch said that, despite its urging over the past two years, there had been no sign of lawyers playing a more proactive role, or the judiciary seeking more substantive evidence for prosecutions. Justice instead depended heavily on instinct, an official said during a break. 'I’ve worked here for 10 years and I can tell who’s innocent with one look in their eyes. I can tell you horror stories and I can share moments of magic.'"

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21.05.2018

"Sweden distributes 'be prepared for war' leaflet to all 4.8m homes"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/21/sweden-distributes-be-prepared-for-war-cyber-terror-attack-
leaflet-to-every-home

Die schwedische Regierung hat eine Infobroschüre an alle Haushalte verteilt, um die Bevölkerung auf mögliche Krisen oder auf einen Kriegsfall vorzubereiten. "The Swedish government has begun sending all 4.8m of the country’s households a public information leaflet telling the population, for the first time in more than half a century, what to do in the event of a war. 'Om krisen eller kriget kommer' (If crisis or war comes) explains how people can secure basic needs such as food, water and heat, what warning signals mean, where to find bomb shelters and how to contribute to Sweden’s 'total defence'. The 20-page pamphlet, illustrated with pictures of sirens, warplanes and families fleeing their homes, also prepares the population for dangers such as cyber and terror attacks and climate change, and includes a page on identifying fake news."

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