US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Observer


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21.04.2019

"Jared Diamond: So how do states recover from crises? Same way as people do"

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/apr/21/jared-diamond-upheaval-migration-minorities-how-countries-s
olve-crisis

Andrew Anthony hat mit dem renommierten Historiker Jared Diamond über dessen neues Buch "Upheaval. How Nations Cope with Crisis and Change" gesprochen, in dem Diamond anhand einiger Fallbeispiele erläutert, wie Länder auf tiefgreifende politische Krisen reagieren. "The book is made up of a number of case studies looking at how different nations have dealt with crises. Diamond examines Finland after its war with the Soviet Union, Chile and the legacy of General Pinochet’s rule, Japan’s response to foreign superiority in the 19th century, Indonesia after the Suharto massacres, Germany’s postwar rebuilding and Australia’s search for a postcolonial identity. (...) In Upheaval, Diamond compares national crises with the kinds of personal crises that most of us undergo – divorce, death of a loved one, loss of employment – at some stage. The way we deal with a crisis is by changing ourselves in some respects. Recovery is a balance between retaining those aspects of our outlook that have proved helpful and then forging new ways of dealing with the changed circumstances."

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17.02.2019

"The collapse of Isis will inflame the regional power struggle"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/17/isis-rout-inflames-regional-power-struggle

Der Berichten zufolge bevorstehende Sieg über die letzten Reste des IS-Kalifats wird eine neue Runde des regionalen Machtkampfes zwischen Syrien, der Türkei, dem Iran, Irak und Russland auslösen, ist Simon Tisdall überzeugt. "The collapse of the Isis caliphate’s last stronghold in Syria is sending shockwaves across the region, changing the calculations of the major powers as they jockey for advantage. Triumphalism in Washington, Moscow and Damascus risks obscuring the human cost of a 'victory' that may quickly prove transitory. (...) Assad, supported by Russia, wants, in contrast, to reassert sovereign control over all Syrian territory, including that vacated by Isis. But Erdoğan cares little. The main reason he has not already acted is Donald Trump. Against the advice of his generals and Nato allies, Trump has ordered US forces in Syria to leave by the spring. When they quit, Erdoğan will make his next move."

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20.01.2019

"'The goal is to automate us': welcome to the age of surveillance capitalism"

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jan/20/shoshana-zuboff-age-of-surveillance-capitalism-google-
facebook

John Naughton hat mit Shoshana Zuboff über deren neues Buch "The Age of Surveillance Capitalism" gesprochen, in dem sich die Professorin von der Harvard Business School mit dem Geschäftsmodell beschäftigt hat, das die Entwicklung des heutigen "Überwachungskapitalismus" vorantreibt. "Surveillance capitalism is a human creation. It lives in history, not in technological inevitability. It was pioneered and elaborated through trial and error at Google in much the same way that the Ford Motor Company discovered the new economics of mass production or General Motors discovered the logic of managerial capitalism. Surveillance capitalism was invented around 2001 as the solution to financial emergency in the teeth of the dotcom bust when the fledgling company faced the loss of investor confidence. (...) Surveillance capitalism is a human-made phenomenon and it is in the realm of politics that it must be confronted. The resources of our democratic institutions must be mobilised, including our elected officials. GDPR [a recent EU law on data protection and privacy for all individuals within the EU] is a good start, and time will tell if we can build on that sufficiently to help found and enforce a new paradigm of information capitalism."

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12.01.2019

"Man accused of shooting down UN chief: 'Sometimes you have to do things you don’t want to…'"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/12/former-raf-pilot-shot-down-un-chief-dag-hammarskjold-1961-p
lane

Emma Graham-Harrison, Andreas Rocksen und Mads Brügger berichten über neue Informationen zu einem Flugzeugabsturz im Jahr 1961 im heutigen Sambia, bei dem der damalige UN-Generalsekretär Dag Hammarskjöld und 15 weitere Menschen getötet wurden. "Exclusive research reveals that a British-trained Belgian mercenary admitted the killing of Dag Hammarskjöld in 1961".

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06.01.2019

Brain scans show social exclusion creates jihadists, say researchers

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/jan/06/social-exclusion-radicalisation-brain-scans

Eine neue Studie hat Mark Townsend zufolge ergeben, dass junge Muslime vor allem durch ihre soziale Ausgrenzung zur Radikalisierung getrieben werden. Faktoren wie Armut, religiöser Konservatismus oder psychische Störungen seien nach Ansicht der Forscher für den Radikalisierungsprozess weniger wichtig. "University College London (UCL) researchers were part of an international team that used neuroimaging techniques to map how the brains of radicalised individuals respond to being socially marginalised. The findings, they claim, confirm that exclusion is a leading factor in creating violent jihadists. The research challenges the prevailing belief among western policymakers that other variables, such as poverty, religious conservatism and even psychosis, are dominant drivers of jihadism. 'This finally dispels such wrongheaded ideas,' said the study’s co-lead author, Nafees Hamid of UCL. 'The first ever neuroimaging study on a radicalised population shows extreme pro-group behaviour seems to intensify after social exclusion.'"

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15.04.2018

"Syria: Trump may bluster but James Mattis is calling the shots"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/apr/15/trump-bluster-about-syria-james-mattis-calling-shots

Der begrenzte Umfang und die konkreten Ziele des Militärschlags in Syrien lassen Simon Tisdall zu dem Schluss kommen, dass US-Verteidigungsminister Mattis bei der Planung der Operation federführend gewesen sei. "When push came to shove over Syria last week, it was Mattis – not the state department or Congress – who stood up to a Donald Trump baying for blood. Mattis told Trump, in effect, that the third world war was not going to start on his watch. Speaking as the airstrikes got under way early on Saturday, Mattis sounded more presidential than the president. (...) Mattis also had a more reassuring message for Moscow. 'I want to emphasise that these strikes are directed at the Syrian regime … We have gone to great lengths to avoid civilian and foreign casualties.' In other words, Russian troops and assets on the ground were not a target. Plus the strikes were a 'one-off', he added. No more would follow."

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04.03.2018

"Why is the world at war?"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/04/why-is-world-at-war-syria-democratic-republic-congo-yemen-a
fghanistan-ukraine

Jason Burke wirft einen vergleichenden Blick auf die Kriege in Syrien, Jemen, Kongo, Afghanistan und in der Ukraine und stellt fest, dass diese Konflikte weniger von staatlichen als von Clan- und Kastengrenzen geprägt seien. "They lie along frontiers between ethnic or sectarian communities, even those dividing, for example, pastoralists from herders or the landed from the landless, from those who speak one dialect or language from neighbours who speak another. These frontlines are not difficult to trace, on the map or on the ground. In fact, if we look around the world at all its many conflicts, and if we define these wars more broadly, then we see frontlines everywhere, each with its own no man’s land strewn with casualties. In Mexico, Brazil, South Africa or the Philippines, there is huge violence associated with criminality and the efforts (by states) to stamp it out. There is violence perpetrated against women by those who fear progress in the struggle for a more equitable distribution of power, status and wealth. (...) Our world may not be racked by conventional conflicts between nation states of previous ages, but it is still a very violent place. The harsh reality may be that we should not be wondering why wars seem so intractable today, but why our time on this planet creates such intractable wars."

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29.10.2017

"Catalonia’s nationalist leaders are well aware their project is fragile"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/oct/29/catalonia-independence-madrid-elections-rajoy

Der spanische Journalist Miguel-Anxo Murado meint, dass Premierminister Rajoy mit seiner Ankündigung von Neuwahlen in Katalonien einen durchaus geschickten, aber auch riskanten Schachzug unternommen habe: "Rajoy’s is a well-played hand, but perhaps also a bluff that could end in a flop. The nationalists may finally decide not to stand in the election and, if turnout is low, the new parliament’s legitimacy will look precarious. And if the nationalists pick up the gauntlet and present a united list, they could turn the election into an undeclared plebiscite on independence. This they may win, even if their platform for a sovereign republic will look somewhat redundant and contradictory. Making the election happen at all may prove as difficult as winning it. With just over 50 days to go and neither side in full control, accidents can happen. Violence – hitherto almost completely absent – is unlikely, but not impossible. One good sign is that the Catalan government seems to have decided to leave the Catalan regional police out of the fray, but tensions are inevitable, and they can spiral out of control even if both sides intend to exercise restraint."

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21.10.2017

"Catalan separatists prepare for war of attrition against Madrid"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/oct/21/catalonia-separatists-attrition-spanish-government

Die Fronten im Konflikt zwischen der katalanischen Regionalregierung und der Führung in Madrid seien verhärtet, schreibt Giles Tremlett. Auf beiden Seiten wachse aufgrund des empfundenen Unvermögens des Gegners, den eigenen Stolz zu überwinden und Zugeständnisse anzubieten, die Wut. "Politics having failed, civil disobedience is pitted against the law of Madrid. Separatist leaders think they will win the confrontation because each clash between popular power and the state creates converts to their cause – which polls show had only 41% backing before a chaotic referendum and police violence on 1 October. (...) Key to the separatist narrative that has been so successfully built over the past half dozen years is the idea that Catalonia, and Catalans, are victims. That was boosted on 1 October and separatists will hope that direct rule – which polls show two-thirds of Catalans oppose – increases that feeling. Either way, they are now plotting to turn direct rule into an unworkable disaster."

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20.08.2017

"Moroccan Isis terrorists 'pose a threat on Europe’s doorstep'"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/aug/20/spain-terror-attacks-isis-morocco

Sicherheitsbehörden warnen nach den Terroranschlägen von Spanien, dass bis zu 1.000 IS-Kämpfer nach Marokko und Tunesien zurückgekehrt seien. Nordafrika wird demnach zunehmend als "Sprungbrett" für weitere Anschläge in Europa betrachtet. Martin Chulov hat mit einem früheren IS-Mitglied gesprochen, der sich u.a. zur Motivation der Extremisten äußert: "A former leading member of the extremist group’s external operations arm said the exodus of Isis fighters included militants who had fled disenfranchisement and lives of petty crime and felt aggrieved by their status in Europe – particularly France. With the land controlled by Isis shrinking by the week, he believes that some of them will take their grievances back to their countries of birth and use the proximity of Spain to launch attacks, or infiltrate further into the continent. (...) The former Isis leader, who abandoned his role in late 2015, said he had mentored six Moroccans who had left disadvantaged backgrounds in France and sought a sense of purpose under Isis rule. He also worked with others who had travelled directly from the north African country, all of whom were radicalised before they arrived. 'The homegrown ones had a severe approach,' he said in an interview. 'The ones from France were upset at their lives. One told me he used to sell drugs, another was a thief.' 'They were looking for something. And they deeply believed that they were not at home in France.'"

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25.03.2017

"The west condemned Russia’s bombs – now coalition attacks are killing civilians in Mosul"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/mar/25/mosul-airstrikes-aleppo-vladimir-putin-donald-trump-islamic
-state

Nach mutmaßlichen Luftangriffen, denen Berichten zufolge über 150 Zivilisten zum Opfer gefallen sind, hat das irakische Militär seine Offensive zur Vertreibung des "Islamischen Staates" aus dem Westteil Mossuls vorerst eingestellt. Simon Tisdall erinnert daran, dass ähnliche Luftangriffe russischer Truppen in Aleppo im Westen scharf kritisiert worden seien. "The Americans say they were targeting Islamic State fighters. The Russians said much the same about Aleppo – that they were attacking jihadi terrorists. Many people, not least the relatives of the Mosul dead, will struggle to see the difference. (...) the high death toll places the Mosul carnage, if confirmed, among the worst such incidents since the US invasion in 2003. It also serves to highlight a new pattern of behaviour by US forces since Donald Trump took office in January. Since then, the monthly total of recorded civilian deaths from coalition airstrikes in Iraq and Syria has more than doubled, according to independent monitors."

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18.02.2017

"Pence’s speech on Nato leaves European leaders troubled over alliance’s future"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/feb/18/trump-pence-eu-nato-munich-conference-germany-britain

Trotz des Bekenntnisses von US-Vizepräsident Mike Pence zum Nato-Bündnis sei die Stimmung während der diesjährigen Münchner Sicherheitskonferenz "frostig" und von "Fassungslosigkeit" geprägt gewesen, berichtet Ewen MacAskill aus München. "The US vice-president Mike Pence, making his first visit to Europe since taking office, failed to quell those anxieties in a speech on Saturday at the Munich security conference. Instead, he left some of his European allies confused and alarmed, angry at being chastised for failing to pull their weight in the defence alliance, and concerned that too little attention is being paid to the future of the European Union. (...) Pence’s mission to Munich – he was accompanied by Mattis and US homeland security secretary John Kelly – served only to confirm a widening gulf between the US and core European countries, the UK excepted, and left allies as uncertain as before about Trump’s commitment to Nato."

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17.12.2016

"Russia’s influence has risen but Iran is the real winner in Aleppo"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/dec/17/aleppo-fall-syria-iran-winner-influence-analysis

Martin Chulov betrachtet nicht Russland, sondern den Iran als tatsächlichen Gewinner des Siegs der syrischen Regierungstruppen in Aleppo. "Victory in Aleppo matters enormously for both sides, but when the dust finally settles in Aleppo, it counts for more in Iran. Securing Syria’s second city and industrial heart is much less to do with re-establishing state sovereignty than about asserting its own influence and agenda in the strategic heart of the region. Aleppo is a crossroads in Iran’s project to build a land corridor to the Mediterranean coast. It is also likely to be a new centre of Tehran’s geopolitical projection, which has been on open display elsewhere in the conflict. (...) Russian influence is likely back in the Middle East to stay. But, as America found out, it will be checked by the fervour of an ascendant regional heavyweight."

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12.11.2016

"Isis sends female supporters to serve as frontline suicide bombers"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/nov/12/isis-women-frontline-suicide-bombers

Der "Islamische Staat" habe eine "scharfe Kehrtwende" beim Einsatz von weiblichen Anhängern vollzogen, berichtet Jason Burke. In Europa und im Nahen Osten sollen demnach angesichts der militärischen Rückschläge in Irak und Syrien zunehmend weibliche Selbstmordattentäter eingesetzt werden, um neue Sicherheitsvorkehrungen leichter umgehen zu können. "Previously, female members of Isis have been confined to support roles and kept away from the battlefield. However, this policy appears to have been reversed in the summer, as military pressure on its main strongholds in Iraq, Syria and Libya intensified and substantial territory began to be lost. Researchers describe a 'drastic U-turn'. (...) The new tactic poses a challenge for security organisations which already have difficulty penetrating extremist networks and identifying potential attackers. 'It’s a concern … There is constant evolution as the pressures on [Isis] increase, so we are not complacent,' said one western European security official."

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30.10.2016

"We must agree peace by Christmas or hope will end, says Colombian leader"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/oct/29/colombia-farc-peace-by-christmas-juan-manuel-santos

Der kolumbianische Präsident Juan Manuel Santos hat im Interview mit dem britischen Observer angekündigt, ein neues Friedensabkommen mit den FARC-Rebellen bis Weihnachten notfalls auch ohne Beteiligung der Opposition um den früheren Präsidenten Alvaro Uribe durchzusetzen. "'I hope that Uribe will also come on board because we want as large a consensus as possible,' said the president. But he continued: 'If [Uribe] decides not to join the bandwagon, then he will simply be isolated and we will continue with the other people [who previously opposed the accord] because we cannot simply stop the process – because it will come to an end if we do not continue it.' (...) He said that 'all the negotiators and I have met almost every organisation and we are now digesting more than 500 proposals – and talking with the Farc – to have a new agreement, agreed and approved, by Christmas. That is my goal.'"

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23.07.2016

"Is Cosa Nostra now selling deadly assault weapons to Islamist terrorist groups?"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jul/23/cosa-nostra-assault-weapons-islamist-terror-group

Sicherheitsbehörden zufolge gibt es Anzeichen für Verbindungen zwischen der italienischen Mafia und radikalislamischen Gruppen. "A huge gun-running operation masterminded by the Sicilian mafia is being investigated by senior police officers for potential links to 'terrorist activity across Europe and beyond'. Anti-mafia prosecutors in Catania are investigating the possibility that Cosa Nostra is supplying assault weapons to organised crime syndicates from north Africa and firearms into the hands of extremists in western Europe."

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26.06.2016

"It’s a miracle my Colombia could never have imagined"

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jun/25/colombia-truce-farc-maria-jimena-duzan

Die kolumbianische Journalistin María Jimena Duzán berichtet über die Unterzeichnung des Friedensabkommens zwischen der Regierung Kolumbiens und den FARC-Rebellen. "For Colombians, the peace accord is not only the best news in years, but a miracle that not even the novelist Gabriel García Márquez could have imagined. After 30 years of unsuccessful negotiations, Colombians became so pessimistic that we took for granted that this war would never end. We thought we were condemned to live with perpetual conflict. (...) For President Santos, this truce with the Farc means not only a political victory over the rightwing opposition, led by the former president Álvaro Uribe, but also a place in history. The most outstanding fact is that he pulled this peace deal off with only 20% voter approval. Someone in the plane back from Havana told me that Santos wasn’t governing as he is doing for the polls, but for history."

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16.04.2016

"Returning jihadis could help combat Isis, says EU counter-terrorism chief"

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/apr/16/returning-jihadis-help-combat-isis-syria-eu-terrorism

Der EU-Antiterrorbeauftragte Gilles de Kerchove hat vorgeschlagen, aus Syrien zurückgekehrte enttäuschte Anhänger des "Islamischen Staates" gezielt zur Bekämpfung der Terrormiliz zu rekrutieren. "Gilles de Kerchove said that in cases where they were not considered a threat, such people could be used by governments to reveal details of the brutal conditions within the so-called caliphate of Islamic State (Isis) or other rebel groups. 'Some returnees who don’t have 'blood on their hands' are a strong credible voice for counter-narrative purposes,' he said. 'They can explain what they have experienced, that they thought they were joining a nice idea of the caliphate but encountered people sexually abusing others, or being violent.' He added that a blanket criminalisation of all individuals returning from Syria and Iraq was unproductive and urged countries to develop more sophisticated strategies to deal with those returning home."

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28.02.2016

"'I witnessed the birth of Isis': how one film-maker captured the horror of Iraq"

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2016/feb/28/i-wintessed-birth-of-birth-isis-iraq-michael-ware-only-the-de
ad-documentary

Der Journalist Michael Ware hat nach der US-Invasion 2003 sieben Jahre in Irak gelebt und während dieser Zeit ein Videotagebuch geführt. Die Aufnahmen sind jetzt in Form des Dokumentarfilms "Only the Dead" veröffentlicht worden. "Unique too for having penetrated deep within first the insurgency loyal to Saddam Hussein, then the Islamist genesis of what is now Isis. 'I witnessed the birth of what is now Islamic State,' says Ware. 'It’s there in the film.' The result, Only the Dead, is the most disturbingly poignant reporting to come from this horror, initiated and ignited 13 years ago by decisions made in London and Washington and which, never-ending, spilled into Syria, France, Tunisia and elsewhere. And rages still, for the foreseeable and unforeseeable future."

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08.11.2015

"How Sinai became a magnet for terror"

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/nov/08/sinai-magnet-for-terror

Emma Graham-Harrison beschäftigt sich mit der Entwicklung der Sinai-Halbinsel in Ägypten zu einem Vorposten des "Islamischen Staates". "A shift in ideology, the fallout from a government crackdown, and chaos in neighbouring states have transformed the area from dangerous haven to conflict zone. Factions have united into a group with unprecedented access to funds and weapons, and which has become the most ambitious Isis franchise outside Syria or Iraq. (...) The deadly swath the group has cut through the area, and the brutal response of the Egyptian military, has brought some of Sinai’s problems to the attention of a wider audience. Its current crisis is rooted in part in unforgiving geography, its critical location at the heart of a troubled region."

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22.08.2015

"France train shooting: Europe on high alert after attack by heavily armed gunman"

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/22/europe-high-alert-french-train-attack

Nach dem knapp verhinderten Anschlag in einem französischen Zug haben die europäischen Sicherheitsbehörden vor weiteren Angriffen durch radikale Islamisten, die in Syrien oder Irak gekämpft haben, gewarnt. "Security experts have repeatedly warned of 'blowback' – the term used to describe the rebound of violence from one area to another – and say the terrorist threat posed by European jihadis who have fought in Syria or Iraq returning home is significant. A spokesman for Europol, the EU’s police agency, said on Saturday that Europeans returning from Iraq and Syria presented the 'most serious terrorist threat Europe has faced since 9/11'."

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08.08.2015

"Kabul: death toll rises in deadliest 24 hours Afghan capital has seen in years"

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/08/afghanistan-35-killed-in-deadliest-24-hours-capital-kabul-ha
s-seen-in-years

Sune Engel Rasmussen berichtet aus Kabul, dass die afghanische Hauptstadt die "tödlichsten 24 Stunden" seit vielen Jahren erlebt habe. Bei Anschlägen der Taliban seien mehr als 40 Menschen getötet worden. "Most of the deceased were civilians or young police cadets, while Nato confirmed one international service member was among the dead. The deadliest attack occurred on Friday when a Taliban suicide bomber, dressed in police uniform, detonated an explosives vest outside the gates of a police academy in the middle of a crowd of recruits waiting to return after the weekend."

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04.07.2015

"How Britain and the US decided to abandon Srebrenica to its fate"

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/04/how-britain-and-us-abandoned-srebrenica-massacre-1995

Florence Hartmann und Ed Vulliamy berichten in diesem Artikel zum 20. Jahrestag des Massakers von Srebrenica, dass der Westen die bosnische Stadt damals aus strategischen Gründen bewusst aufgegeben habe. "Until now, it has always been asserted that the so-called 'endgame strategy' that forged a peace settlement for – and postwar map of – Bosnia followed the 'reality on the ground' after the fall, and ceding, of Srebrenica. What can now be revealed is that the 'endgame' preceded that fall, and was – as it turned out – conditional upon it. The western powers whose negotiations led to Srebrenica’s downfall cannot be said to have known the extent of the massacre that would follow, but the evidence demonstrates they were aware – or should have been – of Mladic’s declared intention to have the Bosniak Muslim population of the entire region 'vanish completely'. In the history of eastern Bosnia over the three years that preceded the massacre, that can only have meant one thing."

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11.04.2015

"Musicians and scientists join call to scrap Trident nuclear deterrent"

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2015/apr/11/young-fathers-massive-attack-scrap-trident-nuclear

Der britische Wahlkampf hat einmal mehr die Frage aufgeworfen, ob das Land tatsächlich ein eigenes Atomwaffenarsenal benötige. Daniel Boffey berichtet über einen Aufruf von Künstlern und Wissenschaftlern, die sich für die Abschaffung der Atomraketen einsetzen. "Despite the two main parties’ insistence last week that they would both renew Britain’s nuclear deterrent, the strategy is described as a relic from the past in a letter published in the Observer. Among the signatories to the open letter – which suggests that Britain should become the first member of the UN security council to give up nuclear weapons – are comedian Frankie Boyle, Mercury prizewinning band Young Fathers, the former president of the Royal Society, Sir Michael Atiyah, and lawyer and Labour peer Baroness Kennedy. They write: 'The election campaign to date suggests that decommissioning Trident nuclear weapons is a dangerous, minority demand led by the SNP, the Greens and Plaid Cymru. (...) Yet poll after poll reveals that it is indeed a majority popular demand throughout the UK. One poll recently revealed 81% of 500 general election candidates are opposed to renewal.'"

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01.03.2015

"Netanyahu’s Congress speech scuppers bipartisan unity on support for Israel"

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/28/binyamin-netanyahu-congress-speech-israel

Mit seiner geplanten Rede vor dem US-Kongress stoße Israels Präsident Netanjahu die US-Demokraten gefährlicher Weise vor den Kopf, schreibt Chris McGreal. "Few think the bedrock US support for Israel’s security, particularly military assistance, will be eroded. But Jeremy Ben-Ami of the liberal Washington lobby group J Street – which argues that the pro-Israel position would be to press Netanyahu to reach a negotiated settlement with the Palestinians – said the criticism in Congress is evidence of 'a real disagreement about what is the best way forward to protect American interests, to protect Israeli interests'. He said that increasingly among politicians and the American Jewish community the interests of Israel and the policies of Netanyahu are no longer regarded as one and the same. (...) The Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported that the speaker of the Knesset, Yuli Edelstein, was 'stunned by the depth of the anger he found' over Netanyahu’s planned speech on a visit to the US Congress in February. Haaretz said Edelstein 'met with Democratic congressmen who are sworn friends of Israel, but now feel betrayed by Israel’s prime minister'."

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22.02.2015

"Anders Breivik massacre: Norway’s worst nightmare"

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/22/anders-breivik-massacre-one-of-us-anne-seierstad

Der Observer mit einem Ausschnitt aus dem neuen Buch "One Of Us" von Åsne Seierstad, die sich eingehend mit dem Terroranschlag des Rechtsextremisten Anders Behring Breivik am 22. Juli 2011 auseinandergesetzt hat. "The murder of 77 people by Anders Breivik in Norway is the subject of Åsne Seierstad’s chilling new book. Here, she describes the missed opportunities to stop the killer after he bombed Oslo’s government buildings and headed to the island of Utøya"

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14.02.2015

"Lars Vilks: maverick artist who knows what it is to be a target"

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/14/copenhagen-attack-cartoonist-lars-vilks

Der Terroranschlag auf eine Veranstaltung zur Meinungsfreiheit in Kopenhagen hat offenbar dem schwedischen Mohammed-Karikaturisten Lars Vilks gegolten. Lin Jenkins stellt den Künstler näher vor, der bereits zuvor mehrfach angegriffen worden sei. "At home in Sweden he has round-the-clock armed police protection and while in Denmark he travels with bodyguards from the Swedish security service, Säpo. After the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris, Vilks requested that the security around him be stepped up and later confirmed it had been, without giving details. Yet the events at the Copenhagen cafe proved that the best protection will never be enough to prevent tragedy."

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31.01.2015

"Kobani: destroyed and riddled with unexploded bombs, but its residents dare to dream of a new start"

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jan/31/kobani-kurdish-forces-retake-isis-destroyed-power-sanitation
-bombs-residents-hopes

Emma Graham-Harrison mit einer Reportage aus der offenbar weitgehend zerstörten syrischen Stadt Kobane, die vor wenigen Tagen von der Bedrohung durch den Islamischen Staat befreit wurde. "The Kurdish forces’ unexpected victory in this north Syrian town marked a huge strategic and propaganda loss for Isis, which once seemed unstoppable in their rampage across the region. But the mountains of ruins, the shells and booby traps, the decaying corpses and shattered power and water systems means that while Kobani has been freed, it is no longer a town in anything but name. Salvation from Isis came at the price of Kobani itself."

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17.01.2015

"Niger rioters torch churches and attack French firms in Charlie Hebdo protest"

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jan/17/niger-protesters-burn-churches-charlie-hebdo-protest

Die Proteste in der muslimischen Welt gegen die neue Ausgabe des französischen Satiremagazins Charlie Hebdo sind in Niger besonders gewalttätig ausgefallen. "At least five people died when rioters burned churches and cars and attacked French-linked businesses across Niger on Saturday, in violent protests against the publication of a cartoon of Muhammad on the cover of Charlie Hebdo magazine. President Mahamadou Issoufou said all five of the dead were civilians, with four of them killed inside burned churches or bars. Ten people have died in two days of violence across the west African nation. Five died and 45 were injured in clashes on Friday in Niger’s second largest city, Zinder, where a French cultural centre and cafe were also hit."

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04.01.2015

"Who’s the true enemy of internet freedom - China, Russia, or the US?"

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jan/04/internet-freedom-china-russia-us-google-microsoft-di
gital-sovereignty

Evgeny Morozov schreibt, dass vermeintlich autoritäre Einschränkungen der Internetfreiheit in Ländern wie China, Russland und Brasilien auch ein Versuch seien, "technologische Souveränität" zurückzugewinnen. Die Kritik an diesen Maßnahmen klinge besonders "selbstvergessen", wenn sie aus den USA käme. "(...) Russia, China and Brazil are simply responding to the extremely aggressive tactics adopted by none other than the US. In typical fashion, though, America is completely oblivious to its own actions, believing that there is such a thing as a neutral, cosmopolitan internet and that any efforts to move away from it would result in its 'Balkanisation'. But for many countries, this is not Balkanisation at all, merely de-Americanisation. (...) In opposing the efforts of other countries to reclaim a modicum of technological sovereignty, Washington is likely to run into a problem it has already encountered while promoting its nebulous 'internet freedom' agenda: its actions speak louder than its words. Rhetorically, it is very hard to oppose government-run digital surveillance and online spin in Russia, China or Iran, when the US government probably does more of it than all of these countries combined."

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