US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Al Jazeera English


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"Seymour Hersh: Journalism 'is going to hell'"

Mehdi Hasan hat sich mit dem renommierten Enthüllungsjournalisten Seymour Hersh unterhalten, der zuletzt wegen seiner Berichterstattung über Syrien kritisiert worden ist und in diesem Jahr die Autobiographie "Reporter: A Memoir" veröffentlicht hat. "When asked about accusations that he has become an apologist for Bashar al-Assad, Hersh said: 'Bashar understands that if he loses this war, he's going to be like Mussolini ... hanging from a lamp pole.' 'I just don't think he's particularly any worse than what goes on any day in Saudi Arabia,' said Hersh. 'They're all sort of in that same ballpark. And I never saw him as any more of a monster. They were all in this group of people that will kill, kill, kill to survive,' he said. We speak with seasoned journalist and author of 'Reporter: A Memoir', Seymour Hersh, about the Syria war, Donald Trump, the media and alleged Russian interference in the 2016 US election."

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"Idlib assault on hold as Russia, Turkey agree on buffer zone"

Präsident Putin und Präsident Erdogan haben sich bei ihrem Gespräch in Sotschi überraschend auf die Bildung einer entmilitarisierten Pufferzone zum Schutz von Zivilisten in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz verständigt und die erwartete Offensive syrischer Regierungstruppen zur Eroberung der Rebellenhochburg vorerst aufgeschoben. "Speaking alongside Erdogan, Putin said the 15-20km-wide zone would be established by October 15. This would entail a 'withdrawal of all radical fighters' from Idlib, including the al-Nusra Front, Putin said, referring to Hay'et Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), which is dominated by a rebel faction previously known as al-Nusra Front before renouncing its ties to al-Qaeda. Putin added that heavy weapons would be withdrawn from all opposition forces by October 10 - an approach supported by the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. By the end of 2018, transportation routes linking Syria's key port of Latakia with major cities Aleppo and Hama must also be restored, added the Russian president, a major Assad ally. Describing the agreement as a 'serious result', Putin said that 'Russia and Turkey have confirmed their determination to counter terrorism in Syria in all its forms'."

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"The ICC: A common cause between John Bolton and Africa?"

Der Internationale Strafgerichtshof in Den Haag trifft nicht nur in den USA auf Ablehnung. Auch in Afrika haben viele Regierungen den ICC in den letzten Jahren immer wieder als "neokoloniales" Projekt kritisiert. Nicole Fritz von der südafrikanischen NGO Freedom Under Law warnt vor "interessanten" Allianzen zur Bekämpfung des Gerichtshofs und der globalen Ordnung, die er repräsentiert. "As things stand, this could make for some fairly interesting global alliances - advocates for justice in Afghanistan and in Palestine looking to engage the Court and willing it to succeed while several prominent African states are arrayed outside, alongside the likes of the US and Israel, hoping for its defeat. (...) But not that long ago a different vision captured African states. Twenty years ago, when the Rome Statute for the ICC was negotiated and agreed, Africa represented the largest voting bloc in support of the Court. The US was one of only seven countries to vote against the treaty. Its position has remained fairly consistent throughout. African states might want to consider long and hard before they concede that the US was right all along...".

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"Everything you need to know about the looming battle for Idlib"

Al Jazeera hat vor der erwarteten Offensive syrischer Regierungstruppen zur Eroberung der Rebellenhochburg in Idlib einen Überblicksartikel mit Informationen über den Konflikt in der Provinz zusammengestellt. "The northwestern province bordering Turkey was one of the four 'de-escalation zones' agreed by Ankara, Moscow and Tehran in May 2017 during the fourth round of the Astana talks, launched earlier that year with the aim of pursuing a political solution to Syria's conflict. One by one, the other three areas - Homs; Eastern Ghouta; and Deraa and Quneitra - have been captured by the Syrian government forces and their allies. As Damascus clawed back opposition-held territory, thousands of civilians and rebel fighters from those areas were bussed to Idlib, dubbed a 'dumping ground' for evacuees. Amid persisting uncertainty, three scenarios are likely to emerge in Idlib: a massive onslaught; a protracted offensive; or infighting between rebels followed by a reconciliation deal with Damascus."

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"Spain halts major missile sale to Saudi Arabia over Yemen fears"

Spanien hat angesichts immer neuer Berichte über zivile Opfer des Kriegs in Jemen den Verkauf hunderter Raketen an Saudi-Arabien gestoppt. "The defence ministry has launched a process to cancel the contract between Spain and Saudi Arabia signed in 2015 for 400 laser-guided munitions and will pay back the $10m already paid for the weapons, broadcaster Cadena Ser reported on Tuesday. (...) Spain is the fourth-largest provider of military equipment and weapons to the Gulf state, according to Amnesty International. The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, an independent global security database, said the United States, Britain and France are Saudi Arabia's main arms suppliers."

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"Libya's chaos explained: 'Everybody vying for a piece of the pie'"

Das anhaltende politische "Chaos" in Libyen ist nach Ansicht von Ramy Allahoum vor allem darauf zurückzuführen, dass sich die rivalisierenden Stämme, Milizen und Faktionen einen möglichst großen Anteil an künftigen staatlichen Geldern und Rohstoffexporten sichern wollen. Dies gelte auch für Truppen, die eigentlich der international anerkannten Regierung nahe stehen und nun in Kämpfe in Tripolis verwickelt sind. "Some of these armed groups are now fighting to take over the capital. Experts say they may well be able to break through Tripoli's defences and establish a foothold in the government where they will try to renegotiate their relationship with the GNA. Megerisi said the Seventh Brigade employ a populist narrative of wanting to curb corruption and improve life for the average citizen but there is no guarantee that this is what they will do once in power. 'Everybody is vying for a piece of the pie,' he added."

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"Geert Wilders cancels Prophet Muhammad cartoon contest"

Der geplante Mohammed-Karikaturen-Wettbewerb in den Niederlanden, der in Pakistan Massenproteste ausgelöst hat, ist vom niederländischen Politiker und Initiator Geert Wilders aus Sicherheitsgründen wieder abgesagt worden. "The far-right politician, who is known for his incendiary speeches and protests against immigration and Islam, said on Thursday he did not want others endangered by the contest he planned for November. 'To avoid the risk of victims of Islamic violence, I have decided not to let the cartoon contest go ahead,' he said in a written statement, claiming to have received death threats. The scheduled contest sparked angry protests in Pakistan and a death threat this week from a 26-year-old man, reportedly a Pakistani, who was arrested on Tuesday in The Hague."

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"Yemen war: More than eight million on verge of starvation"

Alan Fisher berichtet in diesem Videobeitrag über die humanitäre Krise in Jemen, wo UN-Angaben zufolge mittlerweile 8,4 Millionen Einwohner vor dem Verhungern stehen. "The United Nations has described the conflict in Yemen as one of 'the worst humanitarian disasters in modern times'. The civil war has left millions struggling to afford basic goods. It is estimated that 8.4 million Yemenis are on the verge of starvation, with many more eating just one small meal a day."

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"UN report: 20,000-30,000 ISIL fighters left in Iraq and Syria"

Trotz der Zerschlagung des "Islamischen Staates" in Irak und Syrien gibt es dort einem neuen UN-Bericht zufolge immer noch bis zu 30.000 aktive IS-Kämpfer. "Between 20,000 and 30,000 members of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) group, remain in Iraq and Syria despite its defeat and a halt in the flow of foreigners joining its ranks, according to a new United Nations report. Released on Monday, the report by UN sanctions monitors estimates that between 3,000 and 4,000 ISIL fighters were based in Libya, while some of the key operatives in the armed group were being relocated to Afghanistan."

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"Iraqi Christians displaced by ISIL find solace in Baghdad"

Viele vom IS vertriebene irakische Christen haben sich heute in der relativ sicheren Hauptstadt Bagdad versammelt, berichtet Arwa Ibrahim. Ihre Zukunft als Minderheit im Irak werde von vielen allerdings als unsicher eingeschätzt. "[Father Martin Dawood, head of the citizens' affairs department at the Christian Endowment Office,] says he believes the families in Baghdad will only remain in Iraq temporarily before migrating abroad. 'Most families in Baghdad wish to leave the country,' he says. 'Although in Baghdad the situation is better, for years [since the US-led invasion in 2003], Iraqi Christians have been leaving the country. ISIL's presence only made this desire to leave more urgent.'"

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"North Korea continues work on nuclear programme: UN report"

Einem vertraulichen UN-Bericht zufolge hat Nordkorea sein Atomprogramm keineswegs eingestellt. "North Korea continues to develop its nuclear programme and is violating international sanctions by clandestinely transferring weapons and fuel, a confidential United Nations report said. By turning off tracking systems on ships, the North Asian nation was able to carry out illicit ship-to-ship petroleum transfers, an activity that has 'increased in scope, scale and sophistication', media quoted the leaked report as saying on Friday. It also said 'prohibited military cooperation with the Syrian Arab Republic has continued unabated'."

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"Why the Russia hysteria in the US is dangerous"

Leonid Ragozin vergleicht die antirussische "Hysterie" in Washington mit der Stimmung in Russland, wo die Bedrohung durch ausländische Mächte ebenfalls übertrieben dargestellt werde. "The 'besieged fortress complex', which the Kremlin's propaganda has managed to implant in the minds of millions of Russians, is now very much part of the American psyche - particularly on the anti-Trump side. The media's favourite buzzword these days is 'war'. (...) When you convince the entire population of a country that it is at war - even if, truly, there is none in sight - demands for democratic procedure, due process, deliberation and nuance vanish into thin air. The Kremlin's propaganda has succeeded in achieving that over and over again, like it did in 2014, when it persuaded most Russians and Crimeans that the annexation of the peninsula is an act of defence against the existential threat posed by Ukrainian nationalists and their Western backers. Now, the US has been sucked into the whirlpool of collective hysteria and it is gradually adopting Stalin-esque language of 'espionage' and 'foreign agents'."

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"US-backed Syrian Kurds agree to 'roadmap' with Assad government"

Die Kurden, die gegenwärtig mehr als ein Viertel des syrischen Territoriums kontrollieren, wollen mit der Assad-Regierung zusammenarbeiten, um ihre Autonomie in einem "dezentralisierten Syrien" zu sichern. "The SDF's political wing, the Syrian Democratic Council (SDC), issued a short statement on Saturday saying they would form committees to develop negotiations and 'chart a roadmap to a democratic, decentralised Syria'. There was no immediate confirmation from Damascus, but Sihanouk Dibo, a leftist Kurdish politician, said he expected the negotiations to be 'long and arduous'. (...) Marwan Kabalan, the head of policy analysis at the Arab Centre for Research & Policy Studies, said 'fears' of being attacked again by Turkey may have prompted the Kurds to turn to Damascus, but was 'unlikely' the Syrian government would deliver them autonomy as they expected. (...) 'Rather, what it will probably give them is local governance according to Law 107 that was passed in 2012. This will give them [greater] powers, not decentralisation, or autonomy. The Syrian regime will never accept autonomy.'"

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"As Trump engages Putin, his deal with Kim collapses"

Dem Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong-un in Singapur seien bisher keine weiteren Fortschritte gefolgt, stellt Richard Javad Heydarian ernüchtert fest. Der diplomatische Ansatz des US-Präsidenten sei dabei, spektakulär zu scheitern. "(...) there is little evidence to suggest his 'fire and fury' diplomacy is working. Trump's self-proclaimed success in engaging North Korea is on the verge of becoming a failure, exposing the paucity of his strongman diplomacy. (...) The problem is that if Trump were to choose to return to his prior brinkmanship, threatening North Korea with 'preemptive war', the US will almost certainly find itself isolated this time. After all, Trump has helped transform the image of the North Korean supreme leader from a mad villain into a young peacemaker. (...) In retrospect, the Trump-Kim summit can end up as the formal, yet inadvertent, recognition of North Korea as the newest member of the club of nuclear powers. This is almost the complete opposite of what Trump promised: de-nuclearisation of North Korea. With diminishing bargaining power, what the Trump administration can best hope for, barring any major turn in events, is limited arms control arrangements with Pyongyang in exchange for massive economic benefits and precious diplomatic recognition."

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"US ready for direct talks with Afghan Taliban"

Die US-Regierung hat sich bereit erklärt, direkte Gespräche mit den Taliban zu führen, um den Konflikt in Afghanistan beenden zu können. "The United States is ready to join direct negotiations with the Taliban in an effort to end the 17-year-long war in Afghanistan, a senior US commander said. (...) Sohail Shahin, a spokesman for the Taliban's political office in Qatar, said he was still waiting for confirmation of Nicholson's comments but welcomed signs of the new approach. 'This is what we wanted and were waiting for - to sit with the US directly and discuss the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan,' Shahin said. He said as a first step he expected to see Taliban leaders removed from a United Nations blacklist in order to be able to travel."

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"Afghanistan: Civilian deaths hit record high, says UN"

Neuen Zahlen der UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) zufolge sind in Afghanistan im ersten Halbjahr 2018 1.692 Zivilisten getötet worden. "In the latest figures released on Sunday by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), 1,692 civilians were killed during the first six months of 2018 - the most recorded in the period over the last decade since the agency began documentation. However, with a total of 5,122 casualties, including 3,430 injuries, UNAMA recorded a three percent overall decrease in the number of those affected by the violence in the war-torn country. The UN figures also showed a 15 percent drop in child and women casualties - at 1,355 and 544 respectively - but UNAMA voiced grave concern over the human cost of the conflict."

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"Mosul still in ruins one year after 'liberation' from ISIL"

Die Bevölkerung des irakischen Mossul, das vor einem Jahr vom IS befreit wurde, fühle sich zunehmend allein gelassen, berichtet Mereana Hond in diesem Videobeitrag für Al Jazeera. "It's been a year since Iraqi forces and their allies brought ISIL's three-year occupation of Mosul to an end. But Iraq’s second-largest city remains in ruins. Many living in the rubble feel their government and the world have abandoned them."

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"Rebels in southern Syria reach deal to end violence"

Nach einigem Hin und Her haben die Rebellen in der zuletzt stark umkämpften syrischen Provinz Daraa einem Waffenstillstand zugestimmt. "Under the deal, rebels agreed to hand over their heavy weapons. In exchange, the Syrian army agreed to leave four villages - Kahil, al-Sahwa, al-Jiza and al-Misaifra - in eastern Deraa, sources told Al Jazeera. Fighters opposed to the deal will now be given safe passage to rebel-held areas in northern Syria. As a result, Free Syrian Army (FSA) fighters and their families are expected to head to the northern province of Idlib and a small area under rebel control near the Golan Heights. The details of this passage are expected to be discussed in the coming weeks. Under the agreement, Syrian forces will not be allowed to remain in the area re-taken by the government, sources told Al Jazeera. Instead, Russian military police will be deployed along the border with Jordan, securing the towns and villages covered by the deal. The strategic Nasib crossing will be under the management of Syrian government civilian employees and Russian military police."

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"Eritrea and Ethiopia: 'The beginning of a beautiful friendship'"

Nach dem Besuch des Außenministers Eritreas in Äthiopien hat Abraham T Zere die Hoffnung, dass der jahrelange Konflikt zwischen beiden Ländern endlich beigelegt werden kann. Allerdings gebe es immer noch einige Hindernisse, die die Annäherung der beiden Regierungen bremsen könnten. "On June 23, as thousands gathered in Addis Ababa's Meskel square to attend a rally in support of the new government, a blast left more than 150 injured and at least two dead. The grenade attack, for which no group has yet claimed responsibility, clearly demonstrated that there still is a tough road before for the reformist prime minister. In addition to such security threats, Ahmed is also likely to face multiple challenges from within the state, especially from the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front (TPLF). (...) It won't be easy for the Eritrean government to suddenly reverse course and tacitly acknowledge its own chronic wrongdoings, but peace with Ethiopia will eventually force Asmara to implement reforms and loosen its grip over its citizens. (...) While there are forces within both countries that continue to try and block normalisation efforts, sustainable peace between seems closer than ever before."

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"UN: Saudi-led coalition behind most Yemen child casualties"

Einer neuen UN-Untersuchung zufolge sind im vergangenen Jahr insgesamt 552 Kinder durch die Kämpfe in Jemen getötet worden. 370 von ihnen seien saudi-arabischen Luftangriffen zum Opfer gefallen. "The annual 'Children and Armed Conflict' report, which shines the spotlight on child victims around the world, found that a total of 1,316 children were killed and maimed in the Arab world's poorest country in 2017. (...) Speaking from the UN headquarters in New York, Al Jazeera's diplomatic correspondent James Bays said that the report includes condemnations of lots of different armed groups and some governments. 'What is most notable is that the Saudi-led coalition is listed as one of the parties that commit grave violations affecting children in situations of armed conflict,' Bays said. 'Saudi Arabia fought very hard not to get listed last year, and they came up with this caveat that they're putting measures in place to try to change the situation to protect children. That does beg the question though, [if] for two years running they've improved the protection of children, why are they still killing them?'"

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"Why did Saudi Arabia lift the driving ban on women only now?"

In Saudi-Arabien ist das generelle Fahrverbot für Frauen aufgehoben worden. Hana Al-Khamri begrüßt die Entscheidung, erinnert aber daran, dass das Regime nach wie vor völlig allein entscheiden könne, welche Rechte es gewährt und welche es vorenthält. Viele Frauen, die in der Vergangenheit gegen das Fahrverbot protestiert haben, säßen heute in Haft. "The Saudi leadership has rather pragmatic reasons to allow women to drive. First of all, the lifting of the driving ban is part of a plan to boost Saudi Arabia's economy and decrease government social provision. (...) Furthermore, there have been dramatic changes within the House of Saud in recent years which had to be legitimised through a major PR campaign. Last year, Mohammed bin Salman - then just 31-year-old - became crown prince and embarked on major changes in Saudi domestic and foreign policies. (...) In other words, the lifting of the driving ban is nothing more than a PR stunt and an economic policy. This is why the leaders of Saudi Arabia refuse to involve women's rights activists in this process."

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"Will Russia let Iran down to win the US over?"

Maysam Behravesh hält es für denkbar, dass Russland den aktuellen Verbündeten Iran fallen lassen könnte, um in den als weitaus wichtiger eingeschätzten Beziehungen zu den USA Vorteile zu erlangen. "(...) many politicians and pundits alike have gone as far as to claim that Iran and Russia have moved beyond a tactical convergence of interests and entered a new phase of 'strategic partnership' and 'evolving alliance'. If history is any guide, however, such over-optimistic perceptions of Russian-Iranian 'alliance' are wishful thinking. Russia as a self-perceived superpower views itself on a par with the United States, not the Islamic Republic, and is basically indignant at the West's persistent refusal to treat it as such. Along these lines, the Kremlin has historically used Tehran as a counterweight or source of leverage to balance its relations with Western powers, particularly Washington. Today is no exception and Iran is likely to fall victim to the Russian desire for big power recognition and respect as soon as a strategic opportunity presents itself to Moscow."

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"UN refugee agency: Record 68.5 million displaced worldwide"

Dem neuen Jahresbericht des UN-Flüchtlingshilfswerks UNHCR zufolge ist die Zahl der Flüchtlinge weltweit auf den Rekordwert von 68,5 Millionen angestiegen. 53% der Vertriebenen seien Kinder. "In its annual report released on Tuesday, UNHCR said continued crises in places like South Sudan and Congo, as well as the exodus of Rohingya from Myanmar that started last year, raised the overall figure of forced displacement in 2017 to 68.5 million. At least 53 percent of the total displaced are children, including many who are unaccompanied, according to the Global Trends report."

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"Who is Ivan Duque, Colombia's president-elect?"

Al Jazeera stellt den neugewählten kolumbianischen Präsidenten Iván Duque in diesem Porträt näher vor. "Duque has openly criticised current President Jose Manuel Santos, particularly his handling of the peace process, describing it as "a monument to impunity" and the way the relations with Venezuela has been handled. 'I have always said that it's not about destroying or ripping up the accords, but about making significant changes to the elements that affect the rule of law,' Duque told Spanish Newspaper, El Pais. (...) Critics fear Duque will be little more than a puppet of former President Uribe, but those in the business community welcome his economic policies."

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"ISIL: An Eye for an Eye in Iraq"

Der niederländische Journalist Tom Kleijn hat die 40-jährige Anführerin einer irakischen Miliz getroffen, die bei der Vertreibung des IS geholfen hat und seitdem ehemalige Kämpfer und Anhänger der Terrormiliz aufspürt und mit zum Teil umstrittenen Methoden bestraft. "(...) after it was militarily defeated and largely driven out by the Iraqi army and international forces in late 2017, local militias took over short term responsibility for law and order in some of the areas ISIL had relinquished. They began searching for fugitives, meting out an uncompromising form of justice on captured enemy fighters and their alleged civilian collaborators who came into their hands. One of the most reputedly vengeful of those militias operated in the strategically important Shirqat district, which lies between the cities of Tikrit and Mosul. Unusually, its commander was a 40-year-old woman, Wahida Mohamed al-Jumaily, who's also known as Um Hanadi. She and her 80-man force had played a key role in driving ISIL out of the area and had since shown their utter determination to keep it that way."

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"How Ethiopia's peace offer caught Eritrea's regime by surprise"

Äthiopien hat am 5. Juni überraschend angekündigt, sich künftig an das im Jahr 2000 vereinbarte Waffenstillstandsabkommen halten zu wollen, um den seit vielen Jahren andauernden Grenzkonflikt mit dem Nachbarstaat Eritrea beenden zu können. Bisher habe das international zunehmend isolierte Regime in Eritrea nicht auf das Angebot reagiert, berichtet der im Exil lebende Abraham T Zere, Direktor von PEN Eritrea. "(...) the Eritrean government appears to be caught off guard by Ethiopia's unexpected readiness to resolve the long-standing bone of contention between the two countries. The Eritrean regime seems confused, unprepared and clueless about how it should respond to Ethiopia's peace offer. Ethiopia's call for normalisation and peace put President Afwerki in a very difficult position, as it undermines his current strategy of blaming Ethiopia for his repressive rule. Afwerki kept the country under tight control for two decades by using the 'Ethiopia threat' as an excuse."

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"Turkey election: All you need to know about the June 24 polls"

Al Jazeera hat in diesem Beitrag wichtige Informationen zu den anstehenden Wahlen in der Türkei zusammengetragen. "Turkish citizens will be voting on June 24 in election to select the new members of parliament, and, more significantly, to elect a president with increased powers. Amendments made to the constitution last year will give the new president substantial executive powers compared to the mostly symbolic role the office in the current parliamentary system. In contrast, the powers of the cabinet and parliament, which are currently the main executive and legislative branches in Turkish political system, will be reduced. The parliament moved the election, originally scheduled for November 3, 2019, forward by more than a year in April. The race will take place under a state of emergency that has been ongoing since a coup attempt against the government of Recep Tayyip Erdogan in July 2016. Here is all you need to know about the upcoming key election."

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"What's next for Syria?"

Lizzie Porter erläutert in ihrer Reportage aus der syrischen Provinz Idlib, dass die Einwohner sich nicht nur mit russischen Luftangriffen, sondern zunehmend auch mit Machtkonflikten der dort herrschenden Rebellen und einer Zunahme von Gewalt und Verbrechen auseinandersetzen müssen. Der syrischen Regierung sei es dagegen gelungen, die komplexen Stammesbeziehungen in Teilen des Landes zu nutzen, um sich die Loyalität neuer Milizen zu sichern. Eine politische Lösung des Konflikts erscheine vor diesem Hintergrund noch komplizierter. "Local media activists have documented 93 assassination attempts in Idlib since the end of April, mostly targeting fighters and commanders from Hay'et Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), the al-Qaeda affiliate that holds sway in Idlib. (...) 'Instead of competing with the regime, [the rebels] are competing with each other', Haid Haid, research fellow at the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation, told Al Jazeera. (...) Analysts believe the international coalition against ISIL has underestimated the importance of tribes in northern and eastern Syria's dynamics. The US has relied on the SDF in anti-ISIL operations, but its dominance has marginalised other groups and it lacks legitimacy among local populations. Iranian and pro-Assad forces have played on Syria's tribal affiliations more fruitfully, highlighting the room for manoeuvre and influence that pro-regime forces enjoy in the north."

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"YPG confirms withdrawal from Syria's Manbij after Turkey-US deal"

Nach schwierigen Verhandlungen zwischen den USA und der Türkei hat sich die kurdische YPG-Miliz bereit erklärt, der türkischen Forderung nach einem Abzug aus der nordsyrischen Stadt Manbij nachzukommen. "Turkey was infuriated by US support for the Kurdish fighters and threatened to push its offensive in the Afrin region of northern Syria further east to Manbij, risking a confrontation with American troops stationed there. Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu, who discussed Manbij with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Monday, said YPG personnel withdrawing from Manbij would be disarmed. At Cavusoglu's talks with Pompeo in Washington, DC, the NATO allies agreed on a 'roadmap' for Manbij, without spelling out explicitly what steps they would take."

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"Up to 60 percent of Afghan girls out of school: report"

Einem neuen UNICEF-Bericht zufolge geht nur eines von drei Mädchen in Afghanistan zur Schule. "'The ongoing conflict and worsening security situation across the country, combined with deeply ingrained poverty and discrimination against girls, have pushed the rate of out-of-school children up for the first time since 2002 levels,' UNICEF's Afghanistan country study said in a statement. The spread of violence had forced many schools to close, undermining fragile gains in education for girls in a country where millions have never set foot in a classroom. The report added that up to 85 percent of girls were not going to school in some of the worst-affected provinces, such as Kandahar, Helmand, Wardak, Paktika, Zabul and Uruzgan."

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Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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