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03.12.2019

"Mexico homicide record: 127 deaths reported in a single day"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/12/mexico-homicide-rate-127-deaths-reported-single-day-19120306065822
0.html

Die Strategie der mexikanischen Regierung zur Bekämpfung der Bandenkriminalität werde nach einer Rekordmeldung von 127 gewaltsam getöteten Menschen am 1. Dezember stärker hinterfragt, berichtet Al Jazeera. "For years Mexico has been struggling with violence as previous administrations battled drug cartels, in most cases leading to a fragmentation of gangs and internal vicious fightings. Leftist Lopez Obrador pledged to overturn militarised crackdowns on drug cartels and instead promised to deal with corruption and inequality. He also created a new civilian National Guard and proposed a new approach to tackling violence with 'Hugs, not bullets' becoming one of his campaign slogans. But the murder rate is at historic high levels and the country has slipped into recession. (…) Despite the challenges, 64 percent of Mexican voters approve of the job he is doing."

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27.11.2019

"Women under ISIL: The torturers"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/women-isil-torturers-191124095032690.html

Im ersten von fünf Teilen einer neuen Al-Jazeera-Artikelserie berichten zwei Anhängerinnen des sogenannten "Islamischen Staates", wie sie als Mitglieder der gefürchteten Religionspolizei im IS-Kalifat andere Menschen überwacht und gefoltert haben. "Flogging, stoning, constant surveillance - female members of the police that enforced ISIL law tell their stories. (…) These accounts were gathered for the documentary 'Women of ISIL' by filmmaker Thomas Dandois."

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26.11.2019

"Are UN troops failing the Congolese?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/insidestory/2019/11/troops-failing-congolese-191126194513092.html

In der Demokratischen Republik Kongo ist es zu Übergriffen auf UN-Gebäude und UN-Personal gekommen. Die Protestierenden werfen den Blauhelmen vor Ort vor, sie nicht ausreichend vor Angriffen bewaffneter Milizen zu schützen. "The Democratic Republic of Congo has suffered from war, rebel attacks, and deadly diseases for decades. But the situation is deteriorating even further. More and more people are being killed in raids by armed groups. And the Congolese people have reached a breaking point. A recent attack that killed eight people in the eastern city of Beni was blamed on rebel fighters from the Allied Democratic Forces, prompting an angry response from local people. And much of their fury was directed at the UN's peacekeeping mission. Protesters, who say the troops are not keeping them safe, stormed the UN compound on Monday and torched the mayor's office and several other buildings. Chaos and gunfire followed and there were more deaths. The UN denies that its peacekeepers used live rounds and called for calm. But on Tuesday, protesters tried to force their way into another UN compound."

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22.11.2019

"Saudi-led coalition air attacks in Yemen down 80 percent: UN"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/saudi-led-coalition-air-attacks-yemen-80-percent-191122174301451.h
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Die von Saudi-Arabien angeführte Militärkoalition hat die Zahl ihrer Luftangriffe gegen Ziele in Jemen in den vergangenen zwei Wochen UN-Angaben zufolge deutlich reduziert. "The coalition, which intervened in the war in 2015 to restore President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi's internationally recognised government, has carried out thousands of air attacks, killing thousands of civilians at hospitals, schools and markets, drawing international criticism. 'In recent weeks, there have been entire 48-hour periods without air strikes for the first time since the conflict began,' Griffiths said on Friday. 'We call this de-escalation, a reduction in the tempo of the war, and perhaps a move towards an overall ceasefire in Yemen.' De-escalation of hostilities is a major aspect of informal talks that have been going on between Saudi Arabia and Houthi officials since September for a possible ceasefire in Yemen."

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12.11.2019

"Iran: Europeans hypocrites for condemning steps away from deal"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/iran-europeans-hypocrites-condemning-nuclear-deal-breach-191112163
418124.html

Der iranische Außenminister Zarif hat den E3-Ländern und der EU nach der europäischen Androhung neuer Sanktionen "Heuchelei" vorgeworfen. "Iran's president and foreign minister on Tuesday said the UK, France, Germany, and the European Union have failed to uphold their end of the bargain to protect Tehran from 'maximum pressure' sanctions imposed by the United States in the wake of Washington's withdrawal from the deal in 2018. (…) The European countries called the steps 'inconsistent' with the accord, adding they've followed through with their pledges. 'The E3/EU have fully upheld their JCPOA commitments, including sanctions-lifting as foreseen under the JCPOA,' they said in a statement. That prompted Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif to respond on Twitter: ''Fully upheld commitments under JCPOA' YOU? Really?' he tweeted."

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11.11.2019

"Why are Iraqi Kurds not taking part in protests?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/iraqi-kurds-part-protests-191111125744569.html

Die Massenproteste gegen die irakische Regierung finden derzeit ohne kurdische Beteiligung statt, berichtet Mariya Petkova. "In the semi-autonomous Kurdish region of northern Iraq, however, the streets have remained calm. Salio believes that authorities there did not grant permission for a demonstration because they were afraid of what such a protest could turn into. In Erbil, there appears to be some solidarity with the Iraqis protesting in the south. Of about a dozen locals of different ages and economic backgrounds Al Jazeera spoke to, all of them said that they believed Iraqis have good reason to be on the streets. Some said that in the Kurdish region, they face similar problems to those that have driven the protests in the south, including corruption and a lack of job prospects for young people. Youth unemployment is officially over 20 percent in the region and 25 percent nationwide. However, people did not seem to be in the mood for protesting; some appeared jaded, while others said they were apprehensive of the possibility of political changes that could undermine Kurdish autonomy."

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04.11.2019

"Turkey 'to send back' ISIL prisoners even if citizenships revoked"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/turkey-send-isil-prisoners-citizenships-revoked-191104093057309.ht
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Die türkische Regierung will gefangene IS-Kämpfer aus Europa auch dann abschieben, wenn ihnen die jeweilige Staatsbürgerschaft bereits aberkannt worden ist. "Minister of Interior Suleyman Soylu (…) hit out at European countries, saying they were creating 'a new form of international law' by demanding that the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL or ISIS) prisoners be tried where they were caught. He said Turkey had nearly 1,200 foreign members of ISIL in custody and had captured 287 during its recent operation in northeast Syria aimed at clearing the border region from Kurdish fighters it considers 'terrorists'. 'We will send back those in our hands, but the world has come up with a new method now: revoking their citizenships,' Soylu said. 'They are saying they should be tried where they have been caught. This is a new form of international law, I guess.'"

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26.10.2019

"Turkey rejects German security zone plan as 'unrealistic'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkey-rejects-german-security-zone-plan-unrealistic-1910261415063
42.html

Der türkische Außenminister Cavusoglu hat den Vorschlag der deutschen Verteidigungsministerin Kramp-Karrenbauer zur Errichtung einer international abgesicherten Zone im Norden Syriens nach einem Treffen mit Außenminister Maas als "unrealistisch" abgelehnt. "'We find this proposal not very realistic,' Cavusoglu said. 'This does not concern Turkey alone, there are now the [Syrian] regime, Russia and other actors in this area.' (…) Turkish Foreign Minister Cavusoglu said Ankara expects Berlin to 'act with the spirit of alliance' and 'side with Turkey in its fight against terrorism'. 'We are having difficulty explaining to our people that Germany is siding with a terror organisation instead of Turkey despite understanding Turkey's legitimate security concerns,' Cavusoglu said. The German foreign minister also said Ankara reassured Berlin that it will comply with international law as part of Turkey's plans to relocate refugees to the planned 'safe zone' in northeastern Syria. Turkey will handle the situation in a 'humanitarian way', Cavusoglu said."

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23.10.2019

"Explainer: What is a war crime?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/explainer-war-crime-191021062757444.html

Mia Swart erklärt in diesem Überblicksartikel, unter welchen Umständen Angriffe gegen Zivilisten in Konflikten völkerrechtlich als "Kriegsverbrechen" eingestuft werden. "According to the United Nations, a war crime is a serious breach of international law committed against civilians or 'enemy combatants' during an international or domestic armed conflict. A war crime occurs when superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering is inflicted upon an enemy. In spite of the outrage caused by the bombing of a school or a country's TV station, such actions do not necessarily amount to war crimes. Such bombing will only be a war crime if the extent of civilian casualties resulting from the attack is excessive compared to the military advantage gained from the attack. In contrast with genocide and crimes against humanity, war crimes have to occur in the context of armed conflict."

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23.10.2019

"Turkey, Russia reach deal for YPG move out of Syria border area"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkey-russia-agree-se4t-syria-safe-zone-joint-patrols-19102217193
3484.html

Präsident Erdogan und Präsident Putin haben sich am Dienstagabend in ihrem Gespräch über die Zukunft Nordsyriens auf einen Deal geeinigt, der einen Rückzug der Kurdenmilizen aus der von Ankara beanspruchten "Safe Zone" vorsieht. Patrouillen russischer und türkischer Truppen sollen danach für Stabilität in dem Gebiet sorgen. "Beginning on Wednesday at noon, Russian military police and Syrian border guards will start removing the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), which spearhead the SDF, and their weapons 30km (19 miles) from the border area. Once this is complete, within 150 hours, Turkish and Russian forces will run joint patrols 10km (six miles) to the east and west of the zone. Ankara and Moscow, which have backed opposing sides in Syria's long-running war, also reiterated to their commitment to the preservation of the political unity and territorial integrity of Syria and the protection of national security of Turkey. (…) Sergey Markov, a political science professor and former member of the Russian parliament, described the result of Tuesday's talks as a 'win-win' situation for Ankara and Moscow. 'The YPG has been removed from a large piece of territory on the Turkish-Syrian border. And it will not be able to support any kind of guerillas in Turkish Kurdistan, let alone carrying attacks itself,' he said."

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17.10.2019

"Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Europe's 'double standard' in arms sales"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkey-saudi-arabia-europe-double-standard-arms-sales-191016231548
811.html

Al Jazeera fragt nach dem schnellen Entschluss europäischer Führungsmächte, Waffenverkäufe in die Türkei aufgrund der türkischen Syrien-Intervention zu unterbinden, warum ähnlich weitreichende Sanktionen nicht auch gegen Saudi-Arabien verhängt werden. "The swift response on Turkey stands in stark contrast to the resistance most of them showed this time last year, when human rights groups had called for similar penalties against Saudi Arabia over the killing of Jamal Khashoggi. The journalist's murder on October 2, 2018 - carried out by Saudi agents inside the kingdom's consulate in Istanbul - shocked the world and prompted renewed scrutiny over Riyadh's actions in Yemen, where a Saudi-led coalition has waged a years-long campaign against Houthi rebels. That conflict has killed tens of thousands of people and pushed the Arab world's most impoverished country to the brink of famine. As the outcry over Khashoggi intensified, Germany responded with a six-month long arms ban on Saudi Arabia, but the other four countries continued to ignore calls for action. (...) 'When you compare Turkey to Saudi Arabia, we see an element of hypocrisy in the position of European and other Western countries,' said Marwan Kabalan, Director of Policy Analysis at the Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies in Doha. 'This is because countries are less concerned about principles or consistency when it comes to foreign policy. They are mainly seeking their own interests.'"

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16.10.2019

"Saudi Arabia and Iran may finally be ready for rapprochement"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/saudi-arabia-iran-finally-ready-rapprochement-191015103242982.h
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Imad K Harb hält eine baldige Annäherung Irans und Saudi-Arabiens keineswegs für unwahrscheinlich. "(...) despite the ongoing friction between the two sides, Riyadh does not want to rule out the possibility of a rapprochement with Tehran in the near future. MBS was clear, in a recent interview with CBS, about his preference for a political solution to the region's ongoing problems. (...) Saudi Arabia can no longer count on Washington's direct assistance in the event of a confrontation with Iran. Whatever existed of Saudi enthusiasm for such a confrontation has dissipated after US President Donald Trump aborted the mission to punish Tehran over its downing of an American spy drone last June. (...) Despite the defiant rhetoric emanating from its leaders and institutions, the Islamic Republic is also interested in a rapprochement with Saudi Arabia. Tehran understands that it cannot remain outside the confines of regional and international systems. It also understands that it needs to make compromises, both in the region and in the international arena, to find necessary accommodations. (...) One thing is sure, however: peaceful co-existence can only work if Tehran scales down its interference in the affairs of Arab states and Riyadh accepts that Iran also has a say in regional issues."

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14.10.2019

"Amid Turkish push, displaced Arab Syrians eye return to homeland"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkish-push-displaced-arab-syrians-eye-return-homelands-191014130
349072.html

Arabische Syrer, die aufgrund des Krieges in die Türkei geflohen sind, hoffen Farah Najjar zufolge, nach einer erfolgreichen türkischen Offensive in ihre früheren Heimatstädte in Nordsyrien zurückkehren zu können. "With some 4.5 million people, the northeastern Syrian region is predominantly inhabited by Arabs, with Kurds accounting for more than an estimated 10 percent of its population. Prior to 2015, al-Hassan says they happily co-existed with their Kurdish neighbours, who were a minority among the ethnically Arab tribes of the area. 'We lived side by side for years,' he said. 'But one day, they turned against us when the armed YPG took the area from opposition fighters.' (...) According to al-Hassan, the village's locals were accused of supporting 'terrorist' ISIL fighters, which at their peak in 2015, controlled large swathes of land across Syria and Iraq. 'We tried explaining that we were just honest farmers who would die for our land,' he said, sitting on a pile of square-shaped pillows. (...) Despite being cleared in March 2017 by a UN investigation of committing rights violations against ethnic groups, the YPG has been accused by rights groups such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International of various abuses."

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10.10.2019

"Turkey's military operation in Syria: All the latest updates"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkey-military-operation-syria-latest-updates-191010061648676.htm
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Al Jazeera verfolgt den Verlauf der türkischen Offensive in Nordsyrien in einem regelmäßig aktualisierten Live-Ticker. "Turkey has launched a major military operation in northeast Syria. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says the offensive - which began with air raids on Tuesday - is aimed at removing Kurdish-led forces from the border area and creating a 'safe zone' so millions of Syrian refugees can be returned. The move came after the United States announced it was withdrawing its troops from the region, leaving the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), its main ally in the battle against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL or ISIS) armed group, without US military support. The SDF, led by the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), has appealed to the US and its allies for a 'no-fly zone' to protect it from Turkish air attacks. Turkey considers the YPG a 'terrorist' group."

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09.10.2019

"Iraq's uprising an open crisis with no known path forward"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/iraq-uprising-open-crisis-path-191009061620224.html

Beobachter fürchten Al Jazeera zufolge, dass sich die Protestierenden in Irak bewaffnen und einen staatlichen Kollaps wie in Syrien herbeiführen könnten. Ein Auslöser dieser Eskalation könnte demnach die gewaltsame Reaktion der Sicherheitskräfte auf die bislang friedlichen Proteste gegen die Regierung sein. "It's still unclear why the government chose to exercise such a heavy-handed response to a few hundred unarmed demonstrators who first congregated last week on social media to hold a protest. But analysts say the violence has pushed Iraq toward a dangerous trajectory from which it might be difficult to pull back. As the spontaneous protests - with no apparent political leadership emerging - continued to clash with security forces in Iraq cities and towns, the government appeared unapologetic and failed to offer solutions to entrenched problems, raising fears that yet another Arab nation will be mired in a long-term crisis without a path forward."

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08.10.2019

"Syria: Kurds vow to form 'human shields' to fend off looming push"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/syria-kurds-vow-form-human-shields-fend-looming-push-1910072051160
67.html

Die Kurden im Norden Syriens bereiten sich nach dem angekündigten Rückzug der US-Truppen Farah Najjar zufolge auf eine türkische Invasion vor. "Kurdish civilians in northeastern Syria are planning to stage open-ended sit-ins in areas near the border with Turkey in response to a looming Turkish military operation, according to local activists and journalists. (...) '[They] want to stand as human shields to prevent a Turkish advance,' said Arin Sheikhmous, an activist based in Qamishli, where hundreds also gathered outside a United Nations office to call for international action. (...) Founded in 2015, the SDF says it wants to create an autonomous federation in northern Syria along the lines of the Rojava region. The umbrella group's makeup largely consists of Kurdish YPG fighters and smaller groupings of Arab, Turkmen and Armenian forces. It now controls a vast area, stretching 480km (300 miles) from east of the Euphrates to the border with Iraq - about a quarter of Syria. According to Sheikhmous, all segments of society in the region including Kurds, Arabs and Syriacs - an ancient Christian population - oppose a possible Turkish incursion."

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06.10.2019

"Iran says Chinese state oil firm has withdrawn from $5bn deal"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/iran-chinese-state-oil-firm-withdraws-5bn-deal-191006191347427.htm
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Der wirtschaftliche Druck auf den Iran hat nach dem Platzen einer geplanten Milliardeninvestition Chinas weiter zugenommen. "China's state oil company has pulled out of a $5bn deal to develop a portion of Iran's massive offshore natural gas field, the Islamic republic's oil minister said on Sunday, an agreement from which France's Total SA earlier withdrew over US sanctions. The South Pars field deal, struck in the wake of Iran's 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, appears to be just the latest business casualty of America's pressure campaign on Tehran following President Donald Trump's unilateral withdrawal of the US from the deal. (...) Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif separately complained on Sunday about the US campaign against Tehran and its impact on foreign investments. 'We have been facing plenty of problems in the field of investment because of the US maximum pressure policy,' Zarif told a parliamentary committee, according to the semi-official Tasnim news agency. 'We are trying to remove the problems.'"

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02.10.2019

"A year on, MBS 'gets pass from world leaders' on Khashoggi murder"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/year-mbs-pass-world-leaders-khashoggi-murder-191001201618695.html

Ein Jahr nach dem Mord am saudi-arabischen Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi habe sich bestätigt, dass führende Regierungen kein Interesse daran hätten, Kronprinz Mohammed Bin Salman zur Verantwortung zu ziehen, stellt Zaheena Rasheed ernüchtert fest. "Bessma Momani, professor of political science at the University of Waterloo in Canada, said world leaders have given Prince Mohammed 'a pass', despite incriminating evidence linking him to Khashoggi's killing. She was referring to a June report by a United Nations expert that said it had found 'credible evidence' warranting further investigation that the crown prince is liable for the killing. (...) 'not only is he (the crown prince) being welcomed to international events, he continues to have many face-to-face meetings with world leaders, including those from liberal democracies,' Momani said. Crown Prince Mohammed's successful comeback bid is a testament to Saudi Arabia's clout on the world stage as the world's top oil producer and arms importer, she added, referring to the kingdom's multibillion-dollar defence contracts with Western countries."

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28.09.2019

"Is Europe shifting towards the US on Iran?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/europe-shifting-iran-190928081600519.html

Die klare Schuldzuweisung europäischer Regierungschefs im Fall des Angriffs auf saudi-arabische Ölanlagen könnte nach Ansicht von Maysam Behravesh einen strategischen Kurswechsel Europas in der Iran-Krise einleiten. "The joint statement marked a significant change in European policy on Iran, analysts have said. 'Europe's shift towards the White House's position … will further dim the prospects for EU of enabling Tehran to circumvent US-imposed sanctions,' said Giorgio Cafiero, CEO of the US-based Gulf State Analytics. 'The White House will interpret Europe's shift as a sign of 'maximum pressure' working while the Islamic Republic will see it as yet the latest sign of the extent to which Europeans lack the political and geo-economic leverage to truly break from the US on the most important Iran-related issues,' he added. (...) Despite the widening political rift between Iran and the EU, analysts said Tehran was unlikely to make compromises and return to full compliance with the nuclear deal, known formally as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) partly to avoid conveying an impression of weakness and submission. On the contrary, Tehran would continue its policy of 'maximum resistance' against pressure and move towards restoring its nuclear programme to full capacity."

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24.09.2019

"How has my country voted at the UN?"

https://interactive.aljazeera.com/aje/2019/how-has-my-country-voted-at-unga/index.html

Al Jazeera hat ein umfangreiches interaktives Dossier zusammengestellt, in der die Debatten und das Abstimmungsverhalten der Mitgliedsländer in der UN-Generalversammlung zwischen 1946 und 2018 empirisch aufgearbeitet worden sind. "Every September, leaders from around the world gather at the United Nations in New York to debate and pass resolutions on the biggest issues facing the planet. Established after World War II, the UN has grown from 51 members in 1945 to 193 members in 2019. It also has two non-member observer states, Palestine and The Holy See. (...) In the UN General Assembly, the rule is: One country, one vote for the delegations that come from every member state. To understand what the key issues have been over the years, we have analysed the voting patterns of all UN member states from 1946 to 2018."

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20.09.2019

"Yemen's Houthis say will stop all attacks on Saudi Arabia"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/houthis-stop-attacks-saudi-arabia-190920183802126.html

Die schiitischen Huthi-Rebellen in Jemen haben angekündigt, vorerst auf Angriffe gegen Ziele in Saudi-Arabien verzichten zu wollen. "The announcement was made on Friday night by Mahdi al-Mashat, head of the Houthi's supreme political council, which controls the rebel-held areas in Yemen. 'We declare ceasing to target the Saudi Arabian territory with military drones, ballistic missiles and all other forms of weapons, and we wait for a reciprocal move from them,' Mashat said on the Houthi-run Al Masirah TV. 'We reserve the right to respond if they fail to reciprocate positively to this initiative,' he said, adding that the continuation of the Yemen war 'will not benefit any side'. The announcement by the Houthis came nearly a week after they claimed a major attack on Saudi oil facilities."

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17.09.2019

"'Dollar diplomacy': Taiwan condemns China after Solomons switch"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/dollar-diplomacy-taiwan-condemns-china-solomons-switch-19091700424
8436.html

Chinas Regierung ist es gelungen, die Salomon-Inseln davon zu überzeugen, die diplomatischen Beziehungen zu Taiwan abzubrechen. Taiwan hat die "Dollar-Diplomatie" Pekings scharf kritisiert. "Self-ruled Taiwan now has formal relations with only 16 countries, many of them small, less-developed nations in Central America and the Pacific, including Belize and Nauru. (...) The Solomon Islands' decision followed a months-long review of the pros and cons of a switch to Beijing, which was offering $8.5 million in development funds to replace support from Taiwan. (...) Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare had said China was seen as more likely to provide significant infrastructure funding to the impoverished nation, where less than 50 percent of the population have access to electricity. He also argued switching to China would give the Solomons greater leverage over traditional regional powers, citing Fiji, which shrugged off sanctions imposed by Australia and New Zealand following a 2006 military coup by boosting relations with China."

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10.09.2019

"Colombia FARC: Most former fighters still committed to peace deal"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/colombia-farc-fighters-committed-peace-deal-190910070103871.html

Alessandro Rampietti weist in dieser Videoreportage nach der Ankündigung eines erneuten bewaffneten Kampfes durch einige Farc-Kommandeure darauf hin, dass die meisten ehemaligen Guerilla-Kämpfer nach wie vor am Friedensabkommen mit der kolumbianischen Regierung festhielten. "FARC fighters who laid down their weapons in Colombia say they remain committed to peace, despite some former commanders urging them to rearm. The commanders accuse the government of betraying the deal, which ended Colombia's civil war three years ago. Al Jazeera's Alessandro Rampietti reports from Icononzo, south of the capital Bogota where conditions are poor for those struggling to reintegrate."

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10.09.2019

"Audio transcripts of Jamal Khashoggi's murder revealed"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/audio-jamal-khashoggi-gruesome-murder-revealed-190909163642769.htm
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Die türkische Zeitung Daily Sabah hat Transkripte der Audioaufnahmen vom Mord am saudi-arabischen Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi veröffentlicht. "The recordings, obtained by Turkey's national intelligence and made public by the newspaper on Monday, detailed the conversations between the Saudi writer and members of the 15-man hit squad moments before his assassination on October 2, 2018. (...) His body is yet to be recovered. Turkey has called Khashoggi's killing 'premeditated murder' orchestrated by the Saudi government. Saudi officials have countered that claim, insisting Khashoggi was killed in a 'rogue operation', after initially claiming he had left the building before vanishing. (...) The CIA has reportedly concluded that Crown Prince Mohammed ordered the killing, which officials in Riyadh deny. During trials in Riyadh on Sunday, Daily Sabah revealed some of the statements of the hitmen who killed Khashoggi."

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05.09.2019

"Erdogan: Turkey could open the gates of Europe to refugees"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/erdogan-turkey-open-gates-europe-refugees-190905103137895.html

Präsident Erdogan hat die EU aufgefordert, die im Flüchtlingsdeal von 2016 enthaltenen Vereinbarungen zur finanziellen Unterstützung Ankaras einzuhalten. Dabei hat er erneut mit der Öffnung der türkischen Grenzen gedroht, um Europa mit Flüchtlingen zu "fluten". "'This either happens or otherwise we will have to open the gates,' Erdogan said in a speech in the capital, Ankara, on Tuesday. 'Either you will provide support, or excuse us, but we are not going to carry this weight alone. We have not been able to get help from the international community, namely the European Union.' Under a deal agreed between the EU and Turkey in March 2016, Ankara agreed to stem the flow of refugees and migrants into Europe in return for billions of euros in aid. The Turkish government says it has only received a fraction of the promised financial support from the bloc."

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05.09.2019

"Kashmir: Life under siege"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/inpictures/kashmir-life-siege-190825132303986.html

Syed Shahriyar mit einer Bilder-Reportage über den Alltag in Kaschmir einen Monat nach Verhängung des Ausnahmezustands durch die indische Regierung. "The disputed Kashmir region has been under siege since its special status guaranteed by India's constitution was scrapped on August 5. Thousands have been arrested, including both pro-Indian and separatist leaders, in unprecedented security swoop. To pre-empt mass protests, tens of thousands of forces have been deployed in one of the most militarised zones in the world. Internet service has been suspended, mobile and landline phones have been snapped and there are reports of a shortage of medicines as the crippling lockdown continues."

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01.09.2019

"The Norwegian town caught in a 'spy war' with Russia"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/norwegian-town-caught-spy-war-russia-190829122558902.html

Gloria Dickie hat die norwegische Kleinstadt Kirkenes an der Grenze zu Russland besucht, die seit der russischen Verhaftung eines Norwegers in einem "Spionage-Krieg" gefangen sei. "Back in 2017, Russian authorities had arrested and charged retired Kirkenes border guard Frode Berg with espionage. He would ultimately be the first Norwegian citizen convicted of such a crime since the end of World War II, and today remains locked away in a jail near Moscow. (...) The Arctic region is experiencing a chilling effect and the unassuming, 3,500-person town of Kirkenes has gained unprecedented geopolitical importance in recent years: the world's only border crossing between Russia and a NATO country lies about 30km away. As tensions rise between Europe and Russia, the town is now caught in the middle of what some have dubbed a 'spy war'."

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31.08.2019

"Analysis: The divergent Saudi-UAE strategies in Yemen"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/08/analysis-divergent-saudi-uae-strategies-yemen-190830121530210.html

In Jemen ist es Berichten zufolge zu Kämpfen zwischen Milizen gekommen, die von Saudi-Arabien bzw. den Vereinigten Arabischen Emiraten unterstützt werden. Der Sicherheitsexperte Abdul baqi Shamsan erwartet trotz dieser Kämpfe keinen Bruch der Allianz. "The violence has exposed cracks in the coalition fighting the Houthis and, on the surface, it would appear Saudi Arabia and the UAE were heading for an armed conflict in Yemen through their own proxies. 'Not so,' said Abdul baqi Shamsan, a Yemeni academic and political analyst based in Turkey's largest city, Istanbul. Shamsan said despite the appearance of a rift, there is an obvious understanding between the UAE and Saudi Arabia when it came to Yemen. He argued that Saudi Arabia would not challenge the UAE because both countries shared the strategic objective of keeping Yemen feeble to be able to implement their own different strategies. 'The UAE wants Yemen to be weak and divided to enable the South to secede,' he said, adding its interests include having the key port of Aden under the hold of its allies. 'In addition, the UAE will keep the strategic Socotra Island in the Arabian Sea under its control, where it already has established a military base,' he argued. As for Saudi Arabia, Shamsan said the kingdom was eager to maintain control 'over other parts of Yemen closer to its southern borders, especially Hadramwt, Shabwah and Mahrah provinces'."

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31.08.2019

"Turkey 'to start Syria operation' if US delays safe zone plan"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/08/turkey-start-syria-operation-delays-safe-zone-plan-190831164511506
.html

Präsident Erdogan hat erneut mit einer baldigen Militäroffensive gegen die Kurden im Norden Syriens gedroht, um die mit den USA vereinbarte "Safe Zone" nach türkischen Maßstäben durchzusetzen. "'We do not have too much time or patience regarding the safe zone. Within a few weeks if our soldiers do not start controlling this area, there will be no other option left but to implement our own operation plans,' Erdogan said on Saturday during a speech in Istanbul, repeating his calls on Washington to go ahead with the promise to establish the zone. The US-Turkey deal for the zone agreed earlier this month is intended to manage tensions between Turkey and US-backed Kurdish-led forces over the border in war-torn Syria that Ankara brands as 'terrorists'. The details of the plan are still unclear as is the size of the 'safe zone' and how it will be managed or divided."

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25.08.2019

"Japan protests S Korean military drills around disputed islands"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/08/japan-protests-korean-military-drills-disputed-islands-19082511415
4277.html

Im Streit zwischen Japan und Südkorea geht es auch um eine Inselgruppe, die von beiden Ländern beansprucht wird. Das südkoreanische Militär hat vor wenigen Tagen unter japanischen Protesten eine Übung in der Nähe der Inseln durchgeführt. "Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs called the drills unacceptable and said it had lodged a protest with South Korea calling for them to end the drills. The island is 'obviously an inherent part of the territory of Japan', Kenji Kanasugi, the director-general at the ministry's Asian and Oceanian Affairs Bureau, told the South Korean embassy in Tokyo in a statement. Ko Min-jung, a spokeswoman for South Korea's presidential Blue House, said the drill was an annual exercise and not aimed at any specific country. 'It's an exercise to guard our sovereignty and territory,' she told reporters in Seoul."

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