US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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14.01.2019

"Tunisia: Socioeconomic injustice persists 8 years after uprising"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/tunisia-socioeconomic-injustice-persists-8-years-uprising-19011110
5510482.html

Ramy Allahoum macht anlässlich des achten Jahrestags des Beginns des Arabischen Frühlings in Tunesien auf die anhaltenden soziökonomischen Probleme des Landes aufmerksam. "Since 2011, the North African country has held free and fair elections, seen incumbents peacefully step down, and - in a first for the region - pushed forward legislation to grant women equal inheritance rights. But eight years after street protests forced Tunisia's long-time authoritarian ruler Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to step down, the economic malaise that prompted the popular uprising has anything but subsided, particularly in the historically marginalised southern and central regions. 'What can be described as a dramatic transformation at the political level has not translated into economic and social gains for the majority,' said Larbi Sadiki, a professor of political science at Qatar University."

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13.01.2019

"Should ex-ISIL fighters be rehabilitated?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/ex-isil-fighters-rehabilitated-190113161200301.html

In der Debatte über den Umgang mit gefangenen IS-Kämpfern in Syrien hat sich Sinem Koseoglu in diesem Videobeitrag mit dem laufenden Versuch beschäftigt, einige der Gefangenen zu rehabilitieren. "The Syrian war has ravaged the country and drastically changed the lives of millions. As the ISIL group clings to its last stronghold in the country, some of its former fighters who escaped the front lines are trying to get back to normal life. Psychological counselling and classes in religion can be mandatory and the former fighters are kept under surveillance, but still, not everyone supports these efforts to rehabilitate former ISIL fighters."

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12.01.2019

"Syria’s war: SDF confronts ISIL in last Syrian stronghold"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/syrias-war-sdf-confronts-isil-syrian-stronghold-190112140239888.ht
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Vor dem Hintergrund des begonnenen US-Truppenabzugs aus Syrien haben kurdische Einheiten der SDF-Miliz mit amerikanischer Unterstützung ihre Offensive gegen die letzte IS-Hochburg in Hajin verstärkt. "US aerial bombing of the town of Hajin, where the last remnants of ISIL are holed up, has increased and SDF commanders say that they are making progress. Although this is the last of the territory that ISIL had claimed, analysts worry that the ideology that gave birth to the movement remains strong in the region. Many of the 60,000 that once called the Hajin area 'home' have fled to makeshift camps for the internally displaced and may be stuck for the bitter winter; some SDF fighters expect this final offensive could last two to three months."

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10.01.2019

"Niger: Europe Migration"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/peopleandpower/2019/01/niger-europe-migration-190110051916545.html

Der EU ist es gelungen, den Strom von Migranten durch das Transitland Niger deutlich zu reduzieren. Ein Filmteam von Al Jazeera hat sich vor Ort begeben, um die lokalen Auswirkungen der "Migrationspartnerschaft" zu untersuchen. "(...) there have been other consequences and many of them difficult for Niger. The economic fallout for the north of the country has been considerable - with revenues in Agadez alone being reduced by around $117m a year, according to the IOM. Indeed the losses across the area have been so significant that the EU has had to offer $635m to compensate those who had once made a living out of migration through a reconversion plan involving business grants and loans and other support, although so far the difficulties of qualifying for any such support seem to be keeping the take-up of these opportunities to a minimum. (...) So how to best assess the EU's apparent attempt to push Europe's borders this far south? Niger is rated as one of the world's least-developed nations by the UN, but is it now paying too high a price for Europe's anti-immigration policies?"

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08.01.2019

"Two largest rebels groups in northern Syria clash"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/largest-rebels-groups-northern-syria-clash-190108160937188.html

Mohammed Adow berichtet über neue Kämpfe zwischen den Rebellenfraktionen der Free Syrian Army und der radikalislamischen Hay'et Tahrir al-Sham im Norden Syriens. "There has been more fighting between the two largest rebel alliances in northern Syria, killing more than 80 people, including civilians. The Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army (FSA) has deployed fighters along the front lines in the western Aleppo countryside to stop the rapid advance of the Hay'et Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) group. The HTS accused the FSA of killing some of its fighters and says it is advancing to stop the FSA, while Russia is bombing villages, claiming it wants to stop HTS's advance towards the agreed de-escalation zones."

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03.01.2019

"US intensifies bombing in Syria after Trump announced withdrawal"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/intensifies-bombing-syria-trump-announced-withdrawal-1901030830149
51.html

Seit der Ankündigung des Abzugs der US-Truppen aus Syrien habe das US-Militär seine Luftangriffe gegen IS-Ziele vor Ort deutlich ausgeweitet, berichten Ali Younes und Trevor Aaronson. "The fiercest attacks in the past week occurred in Al Kashmah, a village on the Euphrates River near the border with Iraq, according to three sources in eastern Syria. Amid US air attacks and artillery fire by the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), civilians and family members of ISIL fighters fled to villages to the south, the sources said. While Al Kashmah has not yet fallen, the only people remaining there are fighters representing what has become the front line of the war against ISIL in Deir Az Zor province. (...) There are about 50,000 to 60,000 people who remain in those areas, according to a civilian activist in Deir Az Zor who documents rights abuses and asked not to be named due to safety concerns. 'The civilians in these areas have no place to go or hide from the US bombardment of their villages,' the activist said, noting that the residents have been harmed at the hands of the Syrian government, the US and ISIL alike."

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17.12.2018

"Sigmar Gabriel: MBS 'overestimated his position in the region'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/talktojazeera/2018/12/sigmar-gabriel-mbs-overestimated-position-regi
on-181216201545208.html

Al Jazeera hat mit dem früheren Bundesaußenminister Sigmar Gabriel in diesem Interview über die Krise zwischen den Golfstaaten, die Khashoggi-Affäre und die künftige Rolle Deutschlands und Europas in der Welt gesprochen. "In June 2017, Gabriel was quoted as saying that a boycott of Qatar was particularly dangerous and the dispute between Qatar and other Arab states could lead to war. A year and a half onwards, UAE state minister for foreign affairs, Anwar Gargash, dismissed Gabriel's statements at the Doha Forum about how the region was not far from military intervention, as not accurate. 'I know in what situation we were in those days and I think everybody should be happy that there was no further escalation,' Gabriel tells Al Jazeera. 'I don't know if they had real plans [to invade Qatar] but our experience is that, step by step during an escalation of a conflict, that at the end it could end in military conflict and our US colleagues had the same feeling. Nevertheless, it's obvious that it was dangerous and we succeeded with all our partners, with Qatar as well as with the Emirates and the Saudis, to de-escalate.'"

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15.12.2018

"Civilians, including children, 'killed in Afghan forces strike'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/12/civilians-including-children-killed-afghanistan-airstrike-18121515
0403232.html

Bei einem gezielten US-Luftangriff auf einen Taliban-Kommandeur in Afghanistan sind Berichten zufolge mindestens 20 Zivilisten, darunter 12 Kinder, getötet worden. "Friday's attack, against a local Taliban commander named Sharif Mawiya, was the latest in a series of operations targeting senior field commanders. Several Taliban commanders have been killed since the beginning of December by Afghan forces, backed by US advisers and air power but the tactic has also increased the risk of civilian casualties. Abdul Latif Fazly, a member of the provincial council, said eight women and 12 children were killed and more than 15 civilians wounded in the incident late on Friday."

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14.12.2018

"Syria: SDF fighters capture ISIL pocket in Deir Az Zor"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/12/syria-sdf-fighters-capture-isil-pocket-deir-az-zor-181214104213461
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Nach harten Kämpfen mit amerikanischer Unterstützung ist es Truppen der kurdischen SDF offenbar gelungen, den IS aus seiner letzten Enklave im Osten Syriens zu vertreiben. "'After a week of heavy fighting and air strikes, the SDF were able to kick IS (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, also known as ISIL, or ISIS) out of Hajin,' Rami Abdel Rahman, the head of the UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, said. Europe-based activist Omar Abu Layla of the DeirEzzor 24 monitoring group, confirmed that the remaining enclave was taken, adding that some ISIL fighters were still holed up in small pockets on the edge of the town. (...) The Kurdish-led Syrian fighters have been fighting to take Hajin and nearby villages in Syria's eastern province of Deir Az Zor since September 10. Over the past weeks, the offensive intensified with the arrival of reinforcements from northern Syria. ISIL fighters have been blending in with the civilian population, making identifying the group's members difficult."

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11.12.2018

"The Afghan government should not be sidelined in peace talks"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/struggle-peace-talks-taliban-181210135032300.html

Safiullah Taye würde es für einen "desaströsen" Fehler halten, wenn die USA und Russland die afghanische Regierung bei ihren jeweiligen Verhandlungen mit den Taliban weiter an den Rand drängen sollten. "By engaging directly with the Taliban, countries like the US and Russia are able to pursue their own geopolitical interests. The US is eager to stabilise Afghanistan and secure its continuing presence in the country to stave off Chinese, Iranian and Russian influence in the region. And Russia is seeking to reassert itself in Afghanistan after a 30-year absence to potentially curtail the emergence of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) on its southern flank and to open another front in its soft confrontation with the US. But by conducting direct talks with the Taliban, the two countries demonstrate that they perceive Ghani's administration as weak and incapable of undertaking a viable peace process. Thus, the international community, led by the US and Russia, are effectively shunning the Afghan government and taking over negotiating peace on its behalf. (...) External actors bypassing elected bodies in the country could be significantly damaging to Afghanistan's political institutions. It would delegitimise the Afghan government and legitimise an armed group which has wreaked havoc in the country for decades."

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11.12.2018

"Sealed with a kiss: Yemen's rivals agree to swap 16,000 prisoners"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/12/sealed-kiss-yemen-rivals-agree-swap-16000-prisoners-18121111543615
1.html

Bei den Friedensverhandlungen zur Beendigung des Jemen-Kriegs im schwedischen Rimbo haben die Konfliktparteien einen umfassenden Austausch von Kriegsgefangenen vereinbart. "After a closed-door meeting at peace talks in Sweden, which concluded with handshakes, hugs and kisses; Askar Zouail, a member of the government's delegation, said his side had submitted the names of 8,576 detainees to the UN, while the Houthis submitted the names of some 7,487 people. According to a document obtained by Al Jazeera, the government requested that at least 800 teachers, 359 children, 357 tribal figures, 200 Imams, and 88 women, be among those released."

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08.12.2018

"Free Huawei executive or face consequences, China warns Canada"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/12/free-huawei-executive-face-consequences-china-warns-canada-1812081
52835591.html

Der in Kanada festgenommenen Finanzchefin des chinesischen Huawei-Konzerns droht die Auslieferung in die USA, wo ihr nach einer möglichen Klage wegen Betrugs und Verstoßes gegen die amerikanischen Iran-Sanktionen offenbar bis zu 30 Jahre Haft drohen. "On Friday, a Canadian court heard the extradition plea, but no decision was reached after nearly six hours of arguments and counter-arguments. The case will be next heard on Monday. There was no immediate reaction from the office of Canadian Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland on Saturday. When asked about the possible Chinese backlash after Meng's arrest, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau told reporters on Friday that Canada has a very good relationship with Beijing. 'There will probably be a deep freeze with the Chinese in high-level visits and exchanges,' David Mulroney, former Canadian ambassador to China, said on Friday. 'The ability to talk about free trade will be put in the ice box for a while. But we're going to have to live with that. That's the price of dealing with a country like China.'"

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06.12.2018

"Trump, the CIA and the future of torture"

https://www.aljazeera.com/blogs/americas/2018/11/trump-cia-future-torture-181126115516181.html

Sarah Spiller hat sich für diesen Videobeitrag mit anderen Journalisten in das umstrittene US-Gefangenenlager in Guantanamo begeben, das nach den Schließungsplänen der Obama-Ära auf unbestimmte Zeit weiter betrieben werden soll. "Former United States President Barack Obama wanted to close it down. Current US President Donald Trump has vowed to keep the facility open and 'load it up' with 'bad dudes'. We wanted to find out more about what this might mean for the future - and to examine claims that a CIA programme of torture and kidnap following the 9/11 atrocities is impeding a quest for justice. (...) On arrival at Guantanamo journalists and NGOs are billeted in tents at Camp Justice. Inside this compound, the legal complex is so secret we couldn't film it, nor reveal its location. Indeed, to make this visit we had to sign a long document agreeing to restrictions. We were accompanied by a military minder at the base who vetted our footage at the end of each day. We could, however, observe legal proceedings under strict conditions, in a specially constructed gallery separated from the court by soundproof glass."

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05.12.2018

"Wag the dog in Ukraine?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/wag-dog-ukraine-181204123731061.html

Die nächste Eskalationsstufe der Krise zwischen der Ukraine und Russland könnte Leonid Ragozin zufolge durch Maßnahmen Kiews gegen prorussische orthodoxe Kirchen in der Ukraine eingeleitet werden. "Days before sending vessels to the Kerch Strait, Kiev tested the waters by rescinding the registration of buildings within the Pochayiv Lavra operated by the church loyal to Moscow in the west of the country. On Monday night, news came in about security agents searching Moscow Patriarchate buildings in Zhytomyr and Kiev on dubious grounds. However, it is another, infinitely more famous, monastery whose historical and political importance could easily spark a conflict that would justify the imposition of martial law: The Pechersk Lavra in Kiev is the Mount Zion of Russian Orthodoxy. An attempt to seize it would cause an upheaval in Russia and would force Putin to respond, whether he wants to or not. There is little doubt that contingency plans for such an eventuality are being drawn up in Moscow and preparations are being made on the ground."

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01.12.2018

"Are 'identity politics' really a threat to democracy?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/upfront/2018/11/identity-politics-threat-democracy-181130115701170.h
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Der Politikwissenschaftler Francis Fukuyama erläutert in diesem Videointerview, warum er die aktuelle Identitätspolitik in den USA und in anderen Ländern als Bedrohung der Demokratie betrachtet. "Around the world, democracy is increasingly threatened by the rise of authoritarian, illiberal and nationalist leaders who are cracking down on the press and civil liberties. In a new book, Identity: the Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment, Fukuyama argues that identity politics are partly to blame. What begins as a drive for 'recognition and respect' through group membership can have negative consequences because, he argues, 'liberal democracy is based on individuals, not on group memberships.' (...) On the rise of right-wing governments around the world, Fukuyama said: 'I think that there is a kind of tone-deafness by, you know, from people on the left to actually what bothers people and what has made a lot of people vote for these populist candidates.' 'If you don't figure out what's bothering them, you're not going to solve the underlying problem that is driving the polarization in the United States.'"

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23.11.2018

"'Will never rejoin': Record casualties take toll on Afghan forces"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/11/rejoin-record-casualties-toll-afghan-forces-181123115957675.html

Seit 2015 sind in Afghanistan offiziellen Angaben zufolge fast 30.000 Militär- und Polizeiangehörige getötet worden. Diese hohen Verluste können nach Ansicht von Experten nicht mehr aufgefangen werden. "That is an average of around 20 soldiers killed every day. (...) 'If the casualty rate continues like this, the day will come when we will have no one left to recruit,' warned military analyst Atiqullah Amarkhail. (...) the shocking mortality rate has sent the already shaky morale to new lows, with many soldiers questioning how much further they should push their luck. In the third quarter of 2018, the number of soldiers and police deployed across Afghanistan fell to 312,328 - nearly 9,000 fewer than only a year ago, and the lowest level for any comparable period since 2012, a US watchdog said in October. Reasons for attrition included fatalities, and soldiers going AWOL or declining to re-enlist, the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) said, citing the US defence department."

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22.11.2018

"US scales back military drills to support North Korea diplomacy"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/11/scales-military-drills-support-north-korea-diplomacy-1811220217269
14.html

Die US-Regierung will den diplomatischen Prozess mit Nordkorea unterstützen und erwägt, das Ausmaß der geplanten Militärmanöver mit Südkorea im kommenden Jahr zu reduzieren. "US Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis said on Wednesday a joint military exercise with South Korea called 'Foal Eagle' would be reduced in scope next year so it does not harm diplomatic efforts with North Korea. 'Foal Eagle is being reorganised a bit to keep it at a level that will not be harmful to diplomacy,' Mattis told reporters. The Foal Eagle field exercise, which usually involves thousands of combined ground, air, naval and special operations troops from the militaries of South Korea and the United States, takes place every spring."

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21.11.2018

"US bombs continue to kill in Laos 50 years after Vietnam War"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/laotians-killed-50-years-bombing-campaign-181121000620903.html
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Auf dem Höhepunkt des Vietnamkriegs warf die USA in Laos Padraic Convery zufolge Bomben mit einem Gesamtgewicht von zwei Millionen Tonnen ab. Blindgänger fordern bis heute immer wieder Todesopfer. "Now, some 80 million unexploded bombs and air-dropped cluster munitions left over continue to maim and kill Laotian men, women and children. Manixia Thor is a Laotian operations manager at the UK-based Mines Advisory Group (MAG), one of several NGOs trying to clear the land of unexploded ordnance (UXO). 'About 75 percent of injuries from cluster munitions involve children,' she tells Al Jazeera, referring to the tennis-ball sized fragmentation bomblets that have acquired the local name 'bombies'. They were dropped in their millions on Laos. Thousands of children have been killed or severely wounded by them, and Thor says they are 'everywhere'."

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21.11.2018

"Yemen: 85,000 children may have died from starvation"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/11/yemen-85000-children-died-starvation-181121041742347.html

Die Hilfsorganisation Save the Children ist nach einer Analyse vorliegender Daten zu dem Schluss gekommen, dass in Jemen bis zu 85.000 Kinder verhungert sein könnten. "Using data compiled by the United Nations, Save the Children evaluated mortality rates for untreated cases of severe malnutrition in children under five years old. The humanitarian agency found some 84,701 children may have starved to death between April 2015 and October 2018 because of a lack of food. (...) The report comes as fighting continues for control of Hodeidah between Houthi rebels and Saudi-Emirati backed forces loyal to Yemen's President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi. The World Health Organization says nearly 10,000 people - mostly civilians - have been killed in Yemen since the Saudi-Emirati intervention in March 2015, but rights groups believe the death toll may be five times higher."

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19.11.2018

"The lifting of UN sanctions will not solve Eritrea's problems"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/lifting-sanctions-solve-eritrea-problems-181119110748755.html

Der UN-Sicherheitsrat hat die Sanktionen gegen Eritrea nach dem Friedensschluss mit Äthiopien aufgehoben. Für die Bevölkerung im autoritär regierten Land werde dies kaum positive Folgen haben, erwartet Abraham T Zere. "While the withdrawal of sanctions is a major diplomatic win for Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki, it is unlikely to change much for ordinary Eritreans. In fact, the regime continues to maintain its own form of crippling 'sanctions' on the general population, limiting its rights and freedoms. And there are no serious signs that these sanctions are going anywhere. People living in Eritrea have long known that the lifting of the UN sanctions would not improve their lot much, despite the fact that the Eritrean regime regularly used them as a justification for some of its failures. Likewise, the much celebrated Ethiopian-Eritrean deal also failed to bring major change to the lives of ordinary Eritreans. Months after it was concluded, the mandatory military service is still in place and civilians are still required to work as guards of official institutions as a form of national service. In fact, military drills and re-armament of civilians have intensified in recent days."

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14.11.2018

"Central African Republic: A crisis forgotten by everyone, except Russia"

https://www.aljazeera.com/blogs/africa/2018/11/central-african-republic-crisis-forgotten-russia-181114135
617254.html

Der Konflikt in der Zentralafrikanischen Republik wird nach Ansicht von Nicolas Haque weltweit überwiegend ignoriert. Nun habe sich Russland entschieden, die Regierung in Bangui mit militärischen Beratern und humanitärer Hilfe zu unterstützen. "The UN-backed African Union peace talks have so far failed to stop the fighting. As the West remained complacent and aloof, ignoring the CAR, Russia stepped in. At the request of President Faustin-Archange Touadera, Russian military instructors, including former soldiers who fought in Syria and Ukraine, are now in the CAR, helping the government regain control of the country. The Russians recently opened a clinic in the rebel-held town of Bria. More of their military advisors are expected in the coming months. Russia is supporting peace talks organised by Sudan in Khartoum to try and get armed groups around the table with the elected government. The Russians are here in the CAR. And you won't see them at the pool of the Ledger Hotel, playing volleyball and drinking beer, or taking pictures with poor children."

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14.11.2018

"ISIL continues to wreak havoc in Syria's Deir ez-Zor"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/inpictures/isil-continues-wreak-havoc-syria-deir-ez-zor-181028182030798
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Linda Dorigo berichtet in ihrer Reportage über die andauernden Kämpfe gegen versprengte IS-Gruppen in der syrischen Deir ez-Zor-Provinz. "The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, also known as ISIS, is successfully absorbing the attacks of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), an alliance of Kurdish, but also Arab and Assyrian militias. Since the start of the SDF offensive in the northeastern province of Deir ez-Zor on May 10, ISIL fighters have been blending in with the civilian population, making identifying the group's members difficult, according to an SDF commander. Despite the fact that ISIL seems doomed militarily, it has powerful sleeper cells who help it to forestall the coalition movements by strewing mines everywhere; in trees, on roads, in fridges, inside toys, and under blankets. Civilians in the area are paying the highest price."

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11.11.2018

"What should Asia expect from Trump after the US midterms?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/asia-expect-trump-midterms-181108092908726.html

In seiner Asienpolitik könne US-Präsident Trump unter den Demokraten im Repräsentantenhaus dagegen auf Unterstützung hoffen, meint Ross Darrell Feingold. "In the past, Democratic Party leader Nancy Pelosi, who is likely to be elected House speaker, and President Trump have had major disagreements but the few policies they have agreed on have included a tougher stance on trade with China. In this sense, the House is unlikely to be a major source of opposition to Trump's trade policies and, in fact, might end up supporting them. (...) Although some Democrats such as the likely new chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee Eliot Engle have been critical of some aspects of Trump's approach to the North Korea issue, they are generally supportive of the idea of diplomatic engagement with Pyongyang. If the White House pushes forward with a deal, the House would likely back it."

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11.11.2018

"World War I centenary: Why Germany is not holding ceremonies"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/11/world-war-centenary-germany-holding-ceremonies-181111125850568.htm
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Dominic Kane erklärt in diesem Videobeitrag für Al Jazeera, warum es in Deutschland im Gegensatz zu vielen anderen Ländern kaum Gedenkfeiern zum Jahrestag des Endes des Ersten Weltkriegs gibt. "More than two million people died fighting for Germany in the first world war. For many people, it is the effects of the second world war which have defined how they remember the dead."

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10.11.2018

"Remembering World War I in the Middle East"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/remembering-world-war-middle-east-181109152013898.html

Kristian Coates Ulrichsen erinnert in diesem historischen Rückblick an die politischen Umwälzungen, die der Erste Weltkrieg im Nahen Osten mit sich brachte. "With the Middle East in the throes of renewed political turmoil and having experienced decades of regional and international crises, many deriving from the decisions taken after the World War I, the complicated legacies of the war may not immediately be apparent but are nonetheless highly relevant. A parallel may be drawn with the divided Europe up until 1989, where the ramifications of the World War II remained highly visible across multiple generations and made it difficult to establish historical distance from events whose legacy continued to resonate decades after."

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06.11.2018

"Will the midterm elections affect Trump's Middle East strategy?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/midterm-elections-affect-trump-middle-east-strategy-18110413583
9130.html

Joe Macaron erhofft sich dagegen von den Kongresswahlen neue Impulse für die Nahostpolitik von Präsident Trump. In der Vergangenheit hätten Veränderungen der Machtdynamik in Washington nicht selten wichtige außenpolitische Kursänderungen angestoßen. "In 2006, the sweeping victory of the Democrats in the congressional vote prompted the Bush administration to alter its approach in Iraq, pushing for a US troops surge and seeking to appease the Iranian regime. Then the resurgence of the Republicans in the 2010 midterms (which won them the House of Representatives) predisposed then-President Barack Obama to back the military intervention in Libya a few months later - a decision he would later consider as 'the worst mistake' of his presidency. And again, after the electoral defeat the Democrats suffered in November 2014, the Obama administration switched gear and started pursuing much more seriously a nuclear deal with Iran, which was meant to serve as the president's lasting foreign policy legacy. The Trump administration might go through similar policy shifts or adjustments after the November 6 vote."

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31.10.2018

"Iraq looks to snuff out ISIL remnants in remote Anbar province"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/iraq-snuff-isil-remnants-remote-anbar-province-181030091100759.htm
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Osama Bin Javaid berichtet über eine Operation des irakischen Militärs gegen IS-Kämpfer, die sich in die Anbar-Provinz zurückgezogen haben. "The Iraqi military and US-led coalition are hesitant to give exact numbers but estimate that a few hundred fighters clustered in groups as small as two are all that remains of the group. In remote parts, ISIL fighters have stopped their aggressive tactics of killing and abducting locals. Instead, a few fighters will show up from time to time to seek food and supplies. (...) People in remote parts of Salahuddin, Anbar and Nineveh - predominantly Sunni areas - have told Al Jazeera that they are afraid to identify themselves because they fear reprisals, both from returning ISIL fighters and from security forces for speaking out about their dissatisfaction. But Iraqi forces say that too is changing as their efforts to build confidence and gain the trust of the people take root, adding that Iraqis are no longer demanding that security forces leave their neighbourhoods as they used to in the past."

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30.10.2018

"Is a US-China war in Asia inevitable?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/china-war-asia-inevitable-181029195111603.html

Experten und Mitarbeiter der chinesischen und der US-Regierung fassen James Reinl zufolge zunehmend einen drohenden Krieg zwischen beiden Ländern ins Auge. Als mögliche Auslöser werden demnach Taiwan und der Territorialstreit im Südchinesischen Meer genannt. "Al Jazeera spoke with US-China experts who said while all-out conflict was possible, there remained chances to negotiate, compromise and manage a competitive relationship between Washington and Beijing that did not need turn ugly. 'They're both preparing for it, but it would take an incredibly stupid leadership in both countries to end up in a war between the US and China,' Bonnie Glaser, a former Pentagon consultant, told Al Jazeera. (...) 'There's a whole basket of issues that could lead to a US-China conflict,' Gregory Poling, an Asia and maritime law expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, told Al Jazeera. 'The South China Sea is the thorniest. It gets right at the heart of US primacy in the region, the international order that Washington built up since World War II and China's willingness to bully neighbours and challenge that rules-based order.'"

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25.10.2018

"UN investigator says Myanmar genocide against Rohingya 'ongoing'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/investigator-myanmar-genocide-rohingya-ongoing-181025035804009.htm
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Der UN-Ermittler Marzuki Darusman hat dem Militär Myanmars vorgeworfen, den "Genozid" an der muslimischen Minderheit der Rohingya weiterhin fortzusetzen. "Marzuki Darusman, chair of the UN fact-finding mission on Myanmar, said the estimated 250,000 to 400,000 Rohingya who remained in the Buddhist-majority country following last year’s brutal crackdown 'continue to suffer the most severe' restrictions and repression. 'Atrocities continue to take place today,' Darusman told reporters as he prepared to brief the UN Security Council on the situation on Wednesday. 'It is an ongoing genocide that is taking place.'"

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20.10.2018

"If Trump will not respond to Khashoggi killing, Congress might"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/trump-respond-khashoggi-killing-congress-181020111429355.html

Patty Culhane hält es aufgrund der anstehenden US-Wahlen für möglich, dass der Kongress auf den Tod des saudi-arabischen Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi schärfer reagiert als Präsident Trump. "US President Donald Trump seemed prepared to accept Saudi Arabia's explanation that 60-year-old journalist Jamal Khashoggi became involved in a fist fight in the Saudi embassy in Istanbul and was accidentally killed. However, senators and representatives from Congress, including from the president's own party, are greeting the story with incredulity. With midterm congressional elections coming up, members of Congress have begun clamouring for the US to respond and are claiming that they are willing to act, if the president is not."

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