US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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18.03.2019

"Horn of Africa: Millions suffering due to prolonged drought"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/inpictures/horn-africa-millions-suffering-due-prolonged-drought-1903180
55110862.html

Die Bevölkerung in Äthiopien leidet zunehmend unter klimabedingten Katastrophen wie anhaltender Dürre und massiven Regengüssen, schreibt Will Baxter. "These disasters destroy crops, resulting in tragic consequences for people who live off the land. In the Horn of Africa, up to 80 percent of the population is subsistence farmers. 'We have not seen an improvement in the climate situation,' said Birhan, a mother of four from rural Hawzen district in Ethiopia's Tigray region. 'The drought is becoming recurrent. But if there is rain, it is excessive and destroys the crops.' Birhan is one of around 1.5 million people who receive food through a USAID-funded programme that provides emergency assistance to people impacted by the drought. 'Without this assistance, our only chance would be to migrate. I don't even know where I would go,' she said."

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11.03.2019

"Whoever wins Israel's election, result will be more of the same"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/wins-israel-election-result-190311083332634.html

Die Ausrichtung der israelischen Nahostpolitik dürfte sich selbst im Fall einer Niederlage von Premierminister Netanjahu bei den anstehenden Parlamentswahlen kaum ändern, erwartet Akiva Eldar. "Netanyahu has managed to turn talk of peace, coexistence and reconciliation by his rivals into a symptom of advanced senility, at best, or the ultimate expression of dangerous defeatism. The bad name that the right has given the Oslo Accords and the two-state solution explains why Gantz and his friends have sought refuge behind the hollow slogan 'there is no right and left'. To prove their bona fides, they have also rejected any option of forming a political bloc with the Arab parties, and announced instead that they would invite the Likud to join a government under their leadership. (...) Unfortunately, Gantz and his right-wing colleagues seem to be the 'more of the same' party rather than the game-changers the Israeli and the Palestinian people need so badly."

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08.03.2019

"Blackwater's Erik Prince: Iraq, privatising wars and Trump"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/headtohead/2019/03/blackwater-erik-prince-iraq-privatising-wars-trum
p-190307144602723.html

Mehdi Hasan hat sich in einer öffentlichen Podiumsdiskussion ausführlich mit Erik Prince unterhalten, der als Gründer der umstrittenen US-Sicherheitsfirma Blackwater bekannt wurde und heute eine Privatisierung des Afghanistaneinsatzes der USA befürwortet. "In front of the Oxford Union audience, we challenge Prince on the record of his private contractors in the Iraq war and ask him to explain how his controversial plan for the conflict in Afghanistan would bring it to an end. We'll also ask Prince, who previously served as an informal adviser to President Trump and has been interviewed by both the US House Intelligence Committee and Special Counsel Robert Mueller about his ties to the current administration."

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06.03.2019

"US and European arms used to attack Yemeni civilians: Report"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/03/european-arms-attack-yemeni-civilians-report-190306154450248.html

Einem Bericht der unabhängigen jemenitischen Organisation Mwatana for Human Rights (MHR) zufolge sind im Krieg der von Saudi-Arabien angeführten Koalition in Jemen amerikanische und europäische Waffen benutzt worden, um Hunderte Zivilisten zu töten oder zu verwunden. "The organisation documented 27 unlawful coalition attacks from April 2015 to April 2018 that killed 203 civilians and injured at least 749. Of the 27 attacks, 22 likely involved weapons produced in the US, two attacks likely involved weapons produced in the United Kingdom, and three attacks likely involved weapons with parts produced in both the US and UK, the report said. The coalition has consistently attacked civilians, as well as homes, schools, businesses, farms, a health clinic, a government administration building and a celebration hall, in violation of the laws of war. The report, Day of Judgment: The Role of the US and Europe in Civilian Death, Destruction, and Trauma in Yemen, was released on Wednesday and noted that at least 122 children were among the dead and wounded in the attacks."

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27.02.2019

"The Kashmir conflict, explained"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/02/kashmir-conflict-explained-190227145750670.html

Anlässlich der aktuellen Spannungen zwischen Indien und Pakistan erklärt Al Jazeera in diesem 8-minütigen Videobeitrag die Hintergründe des Konflikts in Kaschmir. "Kashmir is currently split between India and Pakistan, and the two nuclear-armed powers have fought two wars over the region. Indian-administered Kashmir is also the scene of a decades-old armed campaign by rebel groups, who want the territory to either join Pakistan or become independent. In this explainer video, Al Jazeera looks at the history behind the conflict, and the factors that continue to drive tensions."

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26.02.2019

"India vs Pakistan: Military strength and arsenal"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/02/india-pakistan-military-strength-arsenal-190226064227556.html

Al Jazeera hat angesichts der gefährlichen Spannungen zwischen Indien und Pakistan die Militärarsenale der beiden Atommächte gegenübergestellt. "In 2018, India allocated four trillion rupees ($58bn), or 2.1 percent of its gross domestic product (GDP), to support its 1.4 million active troops, according to the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). Last year, Pakistan spent 1.26 trillion Pakistani rupees ($11bn), about 3.6 percent of its GDP, on its 653,800 troops. (...) Both nations have ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons. (...) In 2011, Pakistan confirmed that it had acquired tactical nuclear weapon capability, wherein smaller nuclear warheads are attached to short-range missiles (50-100km) as a deterrent against relatively small-scale conventional Indian attacks. The addition of tactical nuclear weapons to Pakistan's arsenal lowers the threshold for nuclear weapons use, giving Pakistan what its military terms 'full spectrum deterrence' against India's conventional forces."

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25.02.2019

"Venezuela is no Syria and Maduro is no Assad"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/venezuela-syria-maduro-assad-190225120459902.html

Nach Ansicht von Hussein Walid ist es irreführend, Venezuela als Diktatur zu charakterisieren und Präsident Maduro mit arabischen Machthabern zu vergleichen. "Venezuela is clearly not a socialist paradise and it is undeniable that Maduro's government is at least partly to blame for many of Venezuela's current troubles: from the devastating economic crisis and subsequent mass migration to the ever-increasing crime rate and rampant corruption. As Amnesty International has pointed out, both Maduro and his predecessor, the late Hugo Chavez, have had a history of authoritarian tendencies, abuses of human rights and meddling in the judiciary. (...) While all of these problems should be exposed and criticised, they don't make Maduro a dictator comparable to Assad, Muammar Gaddafi or Saddam Hussein. Maduro did not come to power in the same way that any of these dictators did. He did not lead a military coup, nor did he inherit a country run like a family estate from his father. He was democratically elected twice. There is little similarity between the Bolivarian Revolutionary Movement, which Chavez founded and Maduro now represents, and the forces that backed and maintained these Arab tyrants in power."

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23.02.2019

"Venezuela, the military, and its support: An explainer"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/02/venezuela-military-support-explainer-190222210148032.html

Elizabeth Melimopoulos erklärt in diesem Überblicksartikel, warum das Militär in Venezuela eine so wichtige politische Rolle spielt. "As the country plunges deeper into crisis, we examine the armed forces, why their support is so important, and why the highest ranks continue to stand by Maduro. According to Ronal Rodriguez, a professor and researcher at the University of Rosario's Venezuelan Observatory in Colombia, the Venezuelan army has 'always been fundamental in understanding the country's political system'."

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20.02.2019

"How Russia's domestic divisions could foil its Middle East plans"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/russia-domestic-divisions-foil-middle-east-plans-19022008470123
2.html

In der politischen Elite Russlands habe ein isolationistischer Flügel an Einfluss gewonnen, der die Nahost-Strategie von Präsident Putin erheblich erschweren könnte, berichtet Dmitriy Frolovskiy. "(...) within the Russian political elite, there is a good number of competing political interests and visions which clash on a regular basis. Policies are often the product of Putin playing a balancing act between these different groups. Two recent controversies over Russia's relationship with longtime energy rival Saudi Arabia show that these days there are widening political and ideological divisions between two influential groups in particular: Soviet-style interventionists and an increasingly vocal cohort of conservative isolationists. The tensions between them threaten to upend one of the most successful facets of Putin's Middle East policy. (...) Over the next few years, the standoff between these two camps will ultimately determine how far rapprochement with Saudi Arabia can go and whether Russia will continue on its quest for superpower status in the global political arena."

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18.02.2019

"What should be done with foreign ISIL fighters captured in Syria?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/insidestory/2019/02/foreign-isil-fighters-captured-syria-19021718574
0899.html

US-Präsident Trump hat die europäischen Regierungen aufgefordert, in Syrien inhaftierte IS-Kämpfer mit europäischen Pässen in ihre Heimatländer zurückzuführen und dort vor Gericht zu stellen. In dieser Ausgabe des Al-Jazeera-Programms "Inside Story" haben sich Experten über das Problem der "Rückkehrer" unterhalten. "US-backed Kurdish fighters of the Syrian Democratic Forces say they've cornered the last remaining fighters from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) group in a village near the Iraqi border. In a tweet, Trump urged Europe to 'take back' foreign fighters and put them on trial. But European countries appear reluctant to take back their nationals who left to join ISIL, with one case particularly dividing opinion in the United Kingdom. So, what should be done with ISIL fighters captured in Syria?"

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11.02.2019

"Can Petro Poroshenko win Ukraine's presidential race?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/petro-poroshenko-win-ukraine-presidential-race-190206120918480.
html

Leonid Ragozin hält es für denkbar, dass der in Umfragen zurückliegende ukrainische Präsident Petro Poroschenko versuchen könnte, die anstehenden Wahlen durch eine "Manipulation politischer Ereignisse" doch noch zu gewinnen. "Accused by Ukraine's progressives of corruption and hampering reforms, Poroshenko can hardly be described as someone who bears the torch of the 2014 Maidan revolution. However, the same is true about each of his main rivals (...). With this line-up of candidates, the March vote invites parallels with Boris Yeltsin's desperate effort to retain office at the backdrop of the disastrous Chechen war in 1996. He eventually succeeded, but only at the cost of undermining democratic procedure. In Ukraine, like in the rest of the former USSR, incumbents can manipulate the political agenda to boost their ratings and improve the chances of getting re-elected. In the post-Soviet era, no one has excelled more in such political manipulation than Russia's Vladimir Putin. (...) Poroshenko is taking a page out of Putin's playbook, but he's applying it on a modest scale and within the constraints of democratic procedures."

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10.02.2019

"Why are Middle Eastern economies struggling to diversify?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/middle-eastern-economies-struggling-diversify-190209083139854.h
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Adeel Malik meint, dass die Probleme arabischer Länder bei der Diversifizierung ihrer oft auf den Öl-Sektor konzentrierten Wirtschaft vor allem politischer und nicht ökonomischer Natur sind. Dies werde besonders im Vergleich zu Fallbeispielen einer erfolgreichen Diversifizierung deutlich. "An enabling political framework has been a common denominator in all successful diversification experiments. Botswana's experience underscores the role of stable political coalitions and favourable initial and external conditions. (...) The Malaysian experience reinforces the same message. (...) Clearly, each case is different and must be analysed on its own merit. But politics provides a common thread across these accounts. And, this is where Arab economies are especially challenged. Saving a few cases, most countries in the region did not inherit strong and diverse economic constituencies that could have gained political voice after independence, and counterbalanced the dominance of the oil economy. An unfavourable external environment, resulting in negative spillovers from regional conflict and instability, served as another impediment to diversification. The Middle East thus lacked all three factors that facilitated economic diversification in other countries: strong political coalitions, diverse economic constituencies and positive neighbourhood effects."

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06.02.2019

"Understanding the Taliban will be key to peace in Afghanistan"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/understanding-taliban-key-peace-afghanistan-190206095855091.htm
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Der afghanische Politiker Nadir Naim erklärt, welche langfristigen Ziele die Taliban bei den Friedensverhandlungen mit der US-Regierung verfolgen. "(...) we are dealing with a group whose members view themselves as holy warriors who managed to defeat an unjust foreign invasion. (...) as an influential political and military entity recognised by all involved parties, the Taliban wants to achieve two long-term goals: The complete withdrawal of all foreign troops from Afghanistan and the establishment of an inclusive Islamic government. (...) The ongoing negotiations can only succeed if all involved parties acknowledge the Taliban's position and avoid underestimating the group. (...) To achieve sustainable peace, the Afghan government, with the help of the US, will need to strike a balance between acknowledging the needs and expectations of the Taliban and providing the necessary protections for segments of the Afghan population that feel threatened by the group. (...) as an Afghan citizen, I am more cautiously optimistic than I have ever been before about prospects for peace in Afghanistan."

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06.02.2019

"Israeli PM Netanyahu's rival talks of possible West Bank pullout"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/02/israeli-pm-netanyahu-rival-talks-west-bank-pullout-190206195055169
.html

Der frühere Generalstabschef Benny Gantz, der bei den israelischen Parlamentswahlen im April als aussichtsreicher Herausforderer von Premierminister Netanjahu antreten wird, hat in einem Interview einen Rückzug Israels aus dem Westjordanland in Betracht gezogen. "Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's main rival in the upcoming April election has raised the possibility of pulling back from the occupied West Bank, saying his country should 'find a way' to end its control over the Palestinians. Benny Gantz, a former armed forces chief of staff, spoke positively of Israel's 2005 pullout from the Gaza Strip in an interview published on Wednesday, his first since launching his election campaign last week. The Gaza withdrawal had been 'approved by the Israeli government and implemented by the army and settlers in a painful but good way,' he told the Yediot Aharonot newspaper. '[One should] learn from it and apply it to other places,' he said, adding: 'We need to find a way in which we're not controlling other people.'"

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02.02.2019

"Venezuela's crisis and the geopolitics of news narratives"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/listeningpost/2019/02/venezuela-crisis-geopolitics-news-narratives-1
90202064958794.html

Im Al-Jazeera-Programm "The Listening Post" wird darauf hingewiesen, dass die von der US-Regierung gestützte Version der Ereignisse in Venezuela von den meisten US-Medien fraglos übernommen worden sei. "When opposition figure Juan Guaido declared himself interim president in Venezuela last week, he was quickly backed by the United States and many other governments. The US media covered the push to remove President Nicolas Maduro, without saying whether that attempt, if successful, would amount to a coup. The coverage also mostly stayed away from the role successive American administrations - through economic sanctions - have played in handicapping the Venezuelan economy. As Iraqis, Iranians, Libyans and others would tell you, this isn't the first time the US has taken a disproportionate interest in the governance of a country loaded with oil. Washington has a playbook for this kind of thing. And so, apparently, do the US media."

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30.01.2019

"Why China is standing by Nicolas Maduro"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/china-standing-nicolas-maduro-190130093441196.html

China gilt als größter Kreditgeber Venezuelas und hat sich in der aktuellen Krise an die Seite von Präsident Maduro gestellt. Adrian Brown erklärt in diesem Videobeitrag, warum Maduro in Peking als engster Verbündeter in Lateinamerika angesehen wird. "China's leaders have reason to be especially concerned about the turmoil in Venezuela. It is regarded as China's staunchest ally in South America - a friendship that has been underpinned by huge loans, investments and weapons sales."

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29.01.2019

"Venezuela's slow coup continues"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/venezuela-slow-coup-continues-190129055253356.html

George Ciccariello-Maher stellt fest, dass Oppositionsführer Juan Guaido, der sich vor wenigen Tagen zum Präsidenten Venezuelas erklärt hat, in der Bevölkerung noch vor einer Woche weitgehend unbekannt gewesen sei. "(...) until last week, fewer than 20 percent of Venezuelans even knew who Guaido was, and he only came to head the opposition-controlled National Assembly by accident. To quell chronic infighting, Venezuela's fragmented opposition agreed to rotate leadership, and despite claiming only 14 seats of 167, it was the turn of his party, Popular Will. (...) The ease with which parts of the international community have recognised Guaido reflects not principled support for democracy, but a global reconfiguration of power. This includes not only the rise of a multi-polar world - exemplified by Russian and Chinese support for Venezuelan sovereignty - but also a rightward swing across Latin America alongside the warring colonial conceits of the US and Europe."

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29.01.2019

"Explainer: US sanctions to hit Venezuelan state-owned oil company"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/explainer-sanctions-hit-venezuelan-state-owned-oil-company-1901290
22539244.html

Die US-Regierung hat Sanktionen gegen das staatliche Ölunternehmen Petroleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA) verhängt, um den Druck auf die Maduro-Regierung in Venezuela zu erhöhen. Al Jazeera erklärt die Hintergründe und mögliche Konsequenzen der Entscheidung. "The Trump administration did not directly ban imports of Venezuelan crude oil. Instead, it blocked US companies from entering into financial transactions with PDVSA. That's for as long as the state-owned oil company remains under control of Maduro's government. That means that any payment for Venezuelan crude imports would go to blocked bank accounts, according to US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin. The measure almost certainly means Maduro's government will seek to redirect its US exports to other countries."

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24.01.2019

"Profile: Juan Guaido, Venezuela's self-declared interim leader"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/profile-juan-guaido-venezuela-declared-interim-leader-190124052507
068.html

Al Jazeera stellt den Oppositionsführer Juan Guaidó vor, der sich mit amerikanischer Unterstützung zum Präsidenten Venezuelas erklärt hat. "Juan Guaido has risen from backbench obscurity to the US-backed, self-declared interim president of Venezuela in just three weeks, amid a deepening political and economic crisis in the Latin American nation. Few Venezuelans had even heard of the 35-year-old politician when he was plucked from anonymity and named as president of the opposition-controlled National Assembly in early January. The move set up a high-stakes standoff with President Nicolas Maduro, who is increasingly seen as a dictator both at home and abroad."

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22.01.2019

"Are the Taliban using an 'attack and talk' strategy?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/insidestory/2019/01/taliban-attack-talk-strategy-190122182657203.htm
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In dieser Ausgabe des Al-Jazeera-Programms "Inside Story" diskutieren Experten über die Möglichkeit, dass die Taliban ihren blutigen Angriff auf einen Militärstützpunkt in der Nähe Kabuls ganz bewusst unmittelbar vor der neuen Verhandlungsrunde mit US-Vertretern in Doha durchgeführt haben. "(...) hours before those talks began in the capital Doha, Taliban fighters launched one of their most daring attacks in recent months. A gun and bomb raid on an Afghan intelligence and military base southwest of Kabul killed dozens of security personnel. Many are now looking to see if the timing of the attack - coming on the eve of those talks - could have an impact on negotiations."

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21.01.2019

"All you need to know about islands at heart of Russia-Japan feud"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/islands-heart-russia-japan-feud-190122010737338.html

Anlässlich der aktuellen Gespräche zwischen Präsident Putin und Ministerpräsident Abe in Moskau hat Al Jazeera noch einmal die wichtigsten Informationen über den Kurilenkonflikt zusammengetragen. "Called the Kurils by Russia and the Northern Territories by Japan, a string of volcanic islands are at the heart of a feud between the two countries that has prevented them signing a formal World War II peace treaty. Talks stalled for decades due to Japan's claim to the four strategic islands seized by the Soviet army in the final days of the war. Russia and Japan's leaders meet for talks in Moscow on Tuesday over the disputed island chain. As Russian President Vladimir Putin and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe are set to meet in Moscow on Tuesday for talks expected to be dominated by the territorial dispute, here are some key facts about the Kuril islands."

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17.01.2019

"US rejects Russia's offer to save key missile treaty"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/rejects-russia-offer-save-key-missile-treaty-190117061720076.html

Die USA haben einen russischen Vorschlag zur Rettung des INF-Vertrags zurückgewiesen. "Speaking a day after a meeting in Geneva between Russian and US officials, US Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security Andrea Thompson said on Wednesday Moscow was refusing to allow proper inspection of a new Russian missile system that Washington says breaks the INF accord. A six-month US withdrawal process will start from February 2. (...) The US and its NATO allies want Russia to destroy its 9M729 nuclear-capable cruise missile system, which Washington says could allow Russia to strike Europe at short notice, and comply with the INF. On Wednesday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Moscow was ready to save the pact and the US had not properly considered Moscow's proposals and prevent a new arms race in Europe. But Thompson said the Russian side only offered a look at the cruise missile system, a so-called static display, which she said would not verify the true range of its warheads. Moscow says the range puts them outside the treaty and the distance they can fly is not as long as Washington alleges, meaning Moscow is fully compliant with the INF."

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14.01.2019

"Tunisia: Socioeconomic injustice persists 8 years after uprising"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/tunisia-socioeconomic-injustice-persists-8-years-uprising-19011110
5510482.html

Ramy Allahoum macht anlässlich des achten Jahrestags des Beginns des Arabischen Frühlings in Tunesien auf die anhaltenden soziökonomischen Probleme des Landes aufmerksam. "Since 2011, the North African country has held free and fair elections, seen incumbents peacefully step down, and - in a first for the region - pushed forward legislation to grant women equal inheritance rights. But eight years after street protests forced Tunisia's long-time authoritarian ruler Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to step down, the economic malaise that prompted the popular uprising has anything but subsided, particularly in the historically marginalised southern and central regions. 'What can be described as a dramatic transformation at the political level has not translated into economic and social gains for the majority,' said Larbi Sadiki, a professor of political science at Qatar University."

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13.01.2019

"Should ex-ISIL fighters be rehabilitated?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/ex-isil-fighters-rehabilitated-190113161200301.html

In der Debatte über den Umgang mit gefangenen IS-Kämpfern in Syrien hat sich Sinem Koseoglu in diesem Videobeitrag mit dem laufenden Versuch beschäftigt, einige der Gefangenen zu rehabilitieren. "The Syrian war has ravaged the country and drastically changed the lives of millions. As the ISIL group clings to its last stronghold in the country, some of its former fighters who escaped the front lines are trying to get back to normal life. Psychological counselling and classes in religion can be mandatory and the former fighters are kept under surveillance, but still, not everyone supports these efforts to rehabilitate former ISIL fighters."

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12.01.2019

"Syria’s war: SDF confronts ISIL in last Syrian stronghold"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/syrias-war-sdf-confronts-isil-syrian-stronghold-190112140239888.ht
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Vor dem Hintergrund des begonnenen US-Truppenabzugs aus Syrien haben kurdische Einheiten der SDF-Miliz mit amerikanischer Unterstützung ihre Offensive gegen die letzte IS-Hochburg in Hajin verstärkt. "US aerial bombing of the town of Hajin, where the last remnants of ISIL are holed up, has increased and SDF commanders say that they are making progress. Although this is the last of the territory that ISIL had claimed, analysts worry that the ideology that gave birth to the movement remains strong in the region. Many of the 60,000 that once called the Hajin area 'home' have fled to makeshift camps for the internally displaced and may be stuck for the bitter winter; some SDF fighters expect this final offensive could last two to three months."

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10.01.2019

"Niger: Europe Migration"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/peopleandpower/2019/01/niger-europe-migration-190110051916545.html

Der EU ist es gelungen, den Strom von Migranten durch das Transitland Niger deutlich zu reduzieren. Ein Filmteam von Al Jazeera hat sich vor Ort begeben, um die lokalen Auswirkungen der "Migrationspartnerschaft" zu untersuchen. "(...) there have been other consequences and many of them difficult for Niger. The economic fallout for the north of the country has been considerable - with revenues in Agadez alone being reduced by around $117m a year, according to the IOM. Indeed the losses across the area have been so significant that the EU has had to offer $635m to compensate those who had once made a living out of migration through a reconversion plan involving business grants and loans and other support, although so far the difficulties of qualifying for any such support seem to be keeping the take-up of these opportunities to a minimum. (...) So how to best assess the EU's apparent attempt to push Europe's borders this far south? Niger is rated as one of the world's least-developed nations by the UN, but is it now paying too high a price for Europe's anti-immigration policies?"

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08.01.2019

"Two largest rebels groups in northern Syria clash"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/largest-rebels-groups-northern-syria-clash-190108160937188.html

Mohammed Adow berichtet über neue Kämpfe zwischen den Rebellenfraktionen der Free Syrian Army und der radikalislamischen Hay'et Tahrir al-Sham im Norden Syriens. "There has been more fighting between the two largest rebel alliances in northern Syria, killing more than 80 people, including civilians. The Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army (FSA) has deployed fighters along the front lines in the western Aleppo countryside to stop the rapid advance of the Hay'et Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) group. The HTS accused the FSA of killing some of its fighters and says it is advancing to stop the FSA, while Russia is bombing villages, claiming it wants to stop HTS's advance towards the agreed de-escalation zones."

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03.01.2019

"US intensifies bombing in Syria after Trump announced withdrawal"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/intensifies-bombing-syria-trump-announced-withdrawal-1901030830149
51.html

Seit der Ankündigung des Abzugs der US-Truppen aus Syrien habe das US-Militär seine Luftangriffe gegen IS-Ziele vor Ort deutlich ausgeweitet, berichten Ali Younes und Trevor Aaronson. "The fiercest attacks in the past week occurred in Al Kashmah, a village on the Euphrates River near the border with Iraq, according to three sources in eastern Syria. Amid US air attacks and artillery fire by the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), civilians and family members of ISIL fighters fled to villages to the south, the sources said. While Al Kashmah has not yet fallen, the only people remaining there are fighters representing what has become the front line of the war against ISIL in Deir Az Zor province. (...) There are about 50,000 to 60,000 people who remain in those areas, according to a civilian activist in Deir Az Zor who documents rights abuses and asked not to be named due to safety concerns. 'The civilians in these areas have no place to go or hide from the US bombardment of their villages,' the activist said, noting that the residents have been harmed at the hands of the Syrian government, the US and ISIL alike."

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17.12.2018

"Sigmar Gabriel: MBS 'overestimated his position in the region'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/talktojazeera/2018/12/sigmar-gabriel-mbs-overestimated-position-regi
on-181216201545208.html

Al Jazeera hat mit dem früheren Bundesaußenminister Sigmar Gabriel in diesem Interview über die Krise zwischen den Golfstaaten, die Khashoggi-Affäre und die künftige Rolle Deutschlands und Europas in der Welt gesprochen. "In June 2017, Gabriel was quoted as saying that a boycott of Qatar was particularly dangerous and the dispute between Qatar and other Arab states could lead to war. A year and a half onwards, UAE state minister for foreign affairs, Anwar Gargash, dismissed Gabriel's statements at the Doha Forum about how the region was not far from military intervention, as not accurate. 'I know in what situation we were in those days and I think everybody should be happy that there was no further escalation,' Gabriel tells Al Jazeera. 'I don't know if they had real plans [to invade Qatar] but our experience is that, step by step during an escalation of a conflict, that at the end it could end in military conflict and our US colleagues had the same feeling. Nevertheless, it's obvious that it was dangerous and we succeeded with all our partners, with Qatar as well as with the Emirates and the Saudis, to de-escalate.'"

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15.12.2018

"Civilians, including children, 'killed in Afghan forces strike'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/12/civilians-including-children-killed-afghanistan-airstrike-18121515
0403232.html

Bei einem gezielten US-Luftangriff auf einen Taliban-Kommandeur in Afghanistan sind Berichten zufolge mindestens 20 Zivilisten, darunter 12 Kinder, getötet worden. "Friday's attack, against a local Taliban commander named Sharif Mawiya, was the latest in a series of operations targeting senior field commanders. Several Taliban commanders have been killed since the beginning of December by Afghan forces, backed by US advisers and air power but the tactic has also increased the risk of civilian casualties. Abdul Latif Fazly, a member of the provincial council, said eight women and 12 children were killed and more than 15 civilians wounded in the incident late on Friday."

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