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14.11.2018

"ISIL continues to wreak havoc in Syria's Deir ez-Zor"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/inpictures/isil-continues-wreak-havoc-syria-deir-ez-zor-181028182030798
.html

Linda Dorigo berichtet in ihrer Reportage über die andauernden Kämpfe gegen versprengte IS-Gruppen in der syrischen Deir ez-Zor-Provinz. "The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, also known as ISIS, is successfully absorbing the attacks of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), an alliance of Kurdish, but also Arab and Assyrian militias. Since the start of the SDF offensive in the northeastern province of Deir ez-Zor on May 10, ISIL fighters have been blending in with the civilian population, making identifying the group's members difficult, according to an SDF commander. Despite the fact that ISIL seems doomed militarily, it has powerful sleeper cells who help it to forestall the coalition movements by strewing mines everywhere; in trees, on roads, in fridges, inside toys, and under blankets. Civilians in the area are paying the highest price."

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11.11.2018

"What should Asia expect from Trump after the US midterms?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/asia-expect-trump-midterms-181108092908726.html

In seiner Asienpolitik könne US-Präsident Trump unter den Demokraten im Repräsentantenhaus dagegen auf Unterstützung hoffen, meint Ross Darrell Feingold. "In the past, Democratic Party leader Nancy Pelosi, who is likely to be elected House speaker, and President Trump have had major disagreements but the few policies they have agreed on have included a tougher stance on trade with China. In this sense, the House is unlikely to be a major source of opposition to Trump's trade policies and, in fact, might end up supporting them. (...) Although some Democrats such as the likely new chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee Eliot Engle have been critical of some aspects of Trump's approach to the North Korea issue, they are generally supportive of the idea of diplomatic engagement with Pyongyang. If the White House pushes forward with a deal, the House would likely back it."

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11.11.2018

"World War I centenary: Why Germany is not holding ceremonies"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/11/world-war-centenary-germany-holding-ceremonies-181111125850568.htm
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Dominic Kane erklärt in diesem Videobeitrag für Al Jazeera, warum es in Deutschland im Gegensatz zu vielen anderen Ländern kaum Gedenkfeiern zum Jahrestag des Endes des Ersten Weltkriegs gibt. "More than two million people died fighting for Germany in the first world war. For many people, it is the effects of the second world war which have defined how they remember the dead."

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10.11.2018

"Remembering World War I in the Middle East"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/remembering-world-war-middle-east-181109152013898.html

Kristian Coates Ulrichsen erinnert in diesem historischen Rückblick an die politischen Umwälzungen, die der Erste Weltkrieg im Nahen Osten mit sich brachte. "With the Middle East in the throes of renewed political turmoil and having experienced decades of regional and international crises, many deriving from the decisions taken after the World War I, the complicated legacies of the war may not immediately be apparent but are nonetheless highly relevant. A parallel may be drawn with the divided Europe up until 1989, where the ramifications of the World War II remained highly visible across multiple generations and made it difficult to establish historical distance from events whose legacy continued to resonate decades after."

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06.11.2018

"Will the midterm elections affect Trump's Middle East strategy?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/midterm-elections-affect-trump-middle-east-strategy-18110413583
9130.html

Joe Macaron erhofft sich dagegen von den Kongresswahlen neue Impulse für die Nahostpolitik von Präsident Trump. In der Vergangenheit hätten Veränderungen der Machtdynamik in Washington nicht selten wichtige außenpolitische Kursänderungen angestoßen. "In 2006, the sweeping victory of the Democrats in the congressional vote prompted the Bush administration to alter its approach in Iraq, pushing for a US troops surge and seeking to appease the Iranian regime. Then the resurgence of the Republicans in the 2010 midterms (which won them the House of Representatives) predisposed then-President Barack Obama to back the military intervention in Libya a few months later - a decision he would later consider as 'the worst mistake' of his presidency. And again, after the electoral defeat the Democrats suffered in November 2014, the Obama administration switched gear and started pursuing much more seriously a nuclear deal with Iran, which was meant to serve as the president's lasting foreign policy legacy. The Trump administration might go through similar policy shifts or adjustments after the November 6 vote."

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31.10.2018

"Iraq looks to snuff out ISIL remnants in remote Anbar province"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/iraq-snuff-isil-remnants-remote-anbar-province-181030091100759.htm
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Osama Bin Javaid berichtet über eine Operation des irakischen Militärs gegen IS-Kämpfer, die sich in die Anbar-Provinz zurückgezogen haben. "The Iraqi military and US-led coalition are hesitant to give exact numbers but estimate that a few hundred fighters clustered in groups as small as two are all that remains of the group. In remote parts, ISIL fighters have stopped their aggressive tactics of killing and abducting locals. Instead, a few fighters will show up from time to time to seek food and supplies. (...) People in remote parts of Salahuddin, Anbar and Nineveh - predominantly Sunni areas - have told Al Jazeera that they are afraid to identify themselves because they fear reprisals, both from returning ISIL fighters and from security forces for speaking out about their dissatisfaction. But Iraqi forces say that too is changing as their efforts to build confidence and gain the trust of the people take root, adding that Iraqis are no longer demanding that security forces leave their neighbourhoods as they used to in the past."

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30.10.2018

"Is a US-China war in Asia inevitable?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/china-war-asia-inevitable-181029195111603.html

Experten und Mitarbeiter der chinesischen und der US-Regierung fassen James Reinl zufolge zunehmend einen drohenden Krieg zwischen beiden Ländern ins Auge. Als mögliche Auslöser werden demnach Taiwan und der Territorialstreit im Südchinesischen Meer genannt. "Al Jazeera spoke with US-China experts who said while all-out conflict was possible, there remained chances to negotiate, compromise and manage a competitive relationship between Washington and Beijing that did not need turn ugly. 'They're both preparing for it, but it would take an incredibly stupid leadership in both countries to end up in a war between the US and China,' Bonnie Glaser, a former Pentagon consultant, told Al Jazeera. (...) 'There's a whole basket of issues that could lead to a US-China conflict,' Gregory Poling, an Asia and maritime law expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, told Al Jazeera. 'The South China Sea is the thorniest. It gets right at the heart of US primacy in the region, the international order that Washington built up since World War II and China's willingness to bully neighbours and challenge that rules-based order.'"

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25.10.2018

"UN investigator says Myanmar genocide against Rohingya 'ongoing'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/investigator-myanmar-genocide-rohingya-ongoing-181025035804009.htm
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Der UN-Ermittler Marzuki Darusman hat dem Militär Myanmars vorgeworfen, den "Genozid" an der muslimischen Minderheit der Rohingya weiterhin fortzusetzen. "Marzuki Darusman, chair of the UN fact-finding mission on Myanmar, said the estimated 250,000 to 400,000 Rohingya who remained in the Buddhist-majority country following last year’s brutal crackdown 'continue to suffer the most severe' restrictions and repression. 'Atrocities continue to take place today,' Darusman told reporters as he prepared to brief the UN Security Council on the situation on Wednesday. 'It is an ongoing genocide that is taking place.'"

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20.10.2018

"If Trump will not respond to Khashoggi killing, Congress might"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/trump-respond-khashoggi-killing-congress-181020111429355.html

Patty Culhane hält es aufgrund der anstehenden US-Wahlen für möglich, dass der Kongress auf den Tod des saudi-arabischen Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi schärfer reagiert als Präsident Trump. "US President Donald Trump seemed prepared to accept Saudi Arabia's explanation that 60-year-old journalist Jamal Khashoggi became involved in a fist fight in the Saudi embassy in Istanbul and was accidentally killed. However, senators and representatives from Congress, including from the president's own party, are greeting the story with incredulity. With midterm congressional elections coming up, members of Congress have begun clamouring for the US to respond and are claiming that they are willing to act, if the president is not."

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13.10.2018

"Afghan Taliban officials: 'US agrees to discuss troops pullout'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/afghan-taliban-officials-agrees-discuss-troops-pullout-18101313495
7130.html

Bei einem vorbereitenden Treffen haben Vertreter der Taliban und der US-Regierung über die Bedingungen direkter Verhandlungen gesprochen. Den Taliban zufolge haben die USA dabei im Falle einer umfassenden Einigung auch einen Truppenabzug nicht kategorisch ausgeschlossen. "The United States has agreed to discuss the withdrawal of its troops from Afghanistan in a direct meeting with Taliban representatives in Qatar, officials from the armed group said. In a preliminary meeting in Doha on Friday, Taliban representatives and US envoy Zalmay Khalilzad discussed the Taliban's conditions to end the 17-year war in Afghanistan, two top Taliban officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity, told Al Jazeera."

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12.10.2018

"The peace deal with Ethiopia has not changed Afwerki's Eritrea"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/peace-deal-ethiopia-changed-afwerki-eritrea-181010171517226.htm
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Abraham T Zere stellt fest, dass das autoritäre Regime von Präsident Isaias Afwerki in Eritrea durch den Friedensschluss mit dem benachbarten Äthiopien keineswegs geschwächt worden sei. "Only last week Human Rights Watch reported that 'repressive tactics continue despite changes in Eritrea's diplomatic engagements'. (...) The peace deal with Ethiopia and renewed attention from global powers will allow [Afwerki] to retain his grip on power. Now, he will care even less about internal discontent or improving the lot of his people, since he believes he has secured strong regional and global allies. In other words, the world is not doing the Eritrean people a favour by turning a blind eye to the regime's abuses, gushing about Eritrea's recent diplomatic achievements and welcoming it to its top human rights body."

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07.10.2018

"Syria rebels begin moving heavy arms from Idlib buffer zone"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/idlib-rebels-shifting-heavy-arms-planned-buffer-zone-1810071113244
44.html

Die von der Türkei unterstützten Rebellen in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz haben offenbar damit begonnen, ihre schweren Waffen aus der von Ankara und Moskau ausgehandelten demilitarisierten Zone zu entfernen. "Under the deal, all rebel factions in the demilitarised zone must withdraw heavy arms by Wednesday. It also requires 'withdrawal of all radical fighters' from the area by October 15. This includes Hay'et Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), which is dominated by a rebel faction previously known as al-Nusra Front before it renounced its ties to al-Qaeda. The NLF is the main Turkey-backed rebel alliance in the Idlib region, but HTS, which has yet to announce its stance on the agreement, controls about 60 percent of the province."

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05.10.2018

"India signs S-400 deal with Russia sidestepping US opposition"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/india-signs-400-deal-russia-sidestepping-opposition-1810051236
34219.html

Indien hat sich über die Einwände der USA hinweggesetzt und mit Russland den Kauf des hochmodernen S-400-Raketenabwehrsystems vereinbart. "India-Russia ties have received a boost with a $5bn deal that will see New Delhi buy an S-400 air defence system from Moscow despite looming threat of US sanctions. (...) Manoj Joshi, a foreign policy expert, said the deal was 'extremely significant' because of its capability of reaching targets '300km away'. 'It means India can take out an aircraft deep inside Pakistan or parts of Tibet. The prime targets are airborne early warning systems and electronic support aircraft which would have a multiplier effect on the capabilities the other side can field,' said Joshi from the Observer Research Foundation think-tank based in New Delhi. 'It is also politically important in that it signals that India will not abandon Russia as a supplier because of US pressure.'"

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01.10.2018

"North and South Korea begin demining the border"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/north-south-korea-removing-landmines-border-181001072312081.html

Truppen Nord- und Südkoreas haben damit begonnen, die "demilitarisierte Zone" zwischen beiden Ländern von Landminen zu befreien. "The 20-day exercise that began on Monday saw South Korean troops clearing landmines in the Joint Security Area (JSA). A South Koren defence ministry spokesperson said the operation had begun on both sides, though there has been no confirmation by the North. (...) More than 800,000 mines are believed to have been planted along the border during and after the 1950-1953 Korean War to defend against infiltration. The JSA, also known as the truce village of Panmunjom, is the only spot along the tense, 250km 'demilitarised zone' (DMZ) border where troops from the two countries stand face to face."

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22.09.2018

"Seymour Hersh: Journalism 'is going to hell'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/upfront/2018/09/seymour-hersh-journalism-hell-180921120003172.html

Mehdi Hasan hat sich mit dem renommierten Enthüllungsjournalisten Seymour Hersh unterhalten, der zuletzt wegen seiner Berichterstattung über Syrien kritisiert worden ist und in diesem Jahr die Autobiographie "Reporter: A Memoir" veröffentlicht hat. "When asked about accusations that he has become an apologist for Bashar al-Assad, Hersh said: 'Bashar understands that if he loses this war, he's going to be like Mussolini ... hanging from a lamp pole.' 'I just don't think he's particularly any worse than what goes on any day in Saudi Arabia,' said Hersh. 'They're all sort of in that same ballpark. And I never saw him as any more of a monster. They were all in this group of people that will kill, kill, kill to survive,' he said. We speak with seasoned journalist and author of 'Reporter: A Memoir', Seymour Hersh, about the Syria war, Donald Trump, the media and alleged Russian interference in the 2016 US election."

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17.09.2018

"Idlib assault on hold as Russia, Turkey agree on buffer zone"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/09/erdogan-putin-agree-de-militarised-zone-syria-idlib-18091714224189
7.html

Präsident Putin und Präsident Erdogan haben sich bei ihrem Gespräch in Sotschi überraschend auf die Bildung einer entmilitarisierten Pufferzone zum Schutz von Zivilisten in der syrischen Idlib-Provinz verständigt und die erwartete Offensive syrischer Regierungstruppen zur Eroberung der Rebellenhochburg vorerst aufgeschoben. "Speaking alongside Erdogan, Putin said the 15-20km-wide zone would be established by October 15. This would entail a 'withdrawal of all radical fighters' from Idlib, including the al-Nusra Front, Putin said, referring to Hay'et Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), which is dominated by a rebel faction previously known as al-Nusra Front before renouncing its ties to al-Qaeda. Putin added that heavy weapons would be withdrawn from all opposition forces by October 10 - an approach supported by the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. By the end of 2018, transportation routes linking Syria's key port of Latakia with major cities Aleppo and Hama must also be restored, added the Russian president, a major Assad ally. Describing the agreement as a 'serious result', Putin said that 'Russia and Turkey have confirmed their determination to counter terrorism in Syria in all its forms'."

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16.09.2018

"The ICC: A common cause between John Bolton and Africa?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/icc-common-john-bolton-africa-180915095755954.html

Der Internationale Strafgerichtshof in Den Haag trifft nicht nur in den USA auf Ablehnung. Auch in Afrika haben viele Regierungen den ICC in den letzten Jahren immer wieder als "neokoloniales" Projekt kritisiert. Nicole Fritz von der südafrikanischen NGO Freedom Under Law warnt vor "interessanten" Allianzen zur Bekämpfung des Gerichtshofs und der globalen Ordnung, die er repräsentiert. "As things stand, this could make for some fairly interesting global alliances - advocates for justice in Afghanistan and in Palestine looking to engage the Court and willing it to succeed while several prominent African states are arrayed outside, alongside the likes of the US and Israel, hoping for its defeat. (...) But not that long ago a different vision captured African states. Twenty years ago, when the Rome Statute for the ICC was negotiated and agreed, Africa represented the largest voting bloc in support of the Court. The US was one of only seven countries to vote against the treaty. Its position has remained fairly consistent throughout. African states might want to consider long and hard before they concede that the US was right all along...".

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08.09.2018

"Everything you need to know about the looming battle for Idlib"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/09/looming-battle-idlib-180908142026400.html

Al Jazeera hat vor der erwarteten Offensive syrischer Regierungstruppen zur Eroberung der Rebellenhochburg in Idlib einen Überblicksartikel mit Informationen über den Konflikt in der Provinz zusammengestellt. "The northwestern province bordering Turkey was one of the four 'de-escalation zones' agreed by Ankara, Moscow and Tehran in May 2017 during the fourth round of the Astana talks, launched earlier that year with the aim of pursuing a political solution to Syria's conflict. One by one, the other three areas - Homs; Eastern Ghouta; and Deraa and Quneitra - have been captured by the Syrian government forces and their allies. As Damascus clawed back opposition-held territory, thousands of civilians and rebel fighters from those areas were bussed to Idlib, dubbed a 'dumping ground' for evacuees. Amid persisting uncertainty, three scenarios are likely to emerge in Idlib: a massive onslaught; a protracted offensive; or infighting between rebels followed by a reconciliation deal with Damascus."

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04.09.2018

"Spain halts major missile sale to Saudi Arabia over Yemen fears"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/09/spain-halts-major-missile-sale-saudi-arabia-yemen-fears-1809041637
32089.html

Spanien hat angesichts immer neuer Berichte über zivile Opfer des Kriegs in Jemen den Verkauf hunderter Raketen an Saudi-Arabien gestoppt. "The defence ministry has launched a process to cancel the contract between Spain and Saudi Arabia signed in 2015 for 400 laser-guided munitions and will pay back the $10m already paid for the weapons, broadcaster Cadena Ser reported on Tuesday. (...) Spain is the fourth-largest provider of military equipment and weapons to the Gulf state, according to Amnesty International. The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, an independent global security database, said the United States, Britain and France are Saudi Arabia's main arms suppliers."

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03.09.2018

"Libya's chaos explained: 'Everybody vying for a piece of the pie'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/09/libya-chaos-explained-vying-piece-pie-180903061135997.html

Das anhaltende politische "Chaos" in Libyen ist nach Ansicht von Ramy Allahoum vor allem darauf zurückzuführen, dass sich die rivalisierenden Stämme, Milizen und Faktionen einen möglichst großen Anteil an künftigen staatlichen Geldern und Rohstoffexporten sichern wollen. Dies gelte auch für Truppen, die eigentlich der international anerkannten Regierung nahe stehen und nun in Kämpfe in Tripolis verwickelt sind. "Some of these armed groups are now fighting to take over the capital. Experts say they may well be able to break through Tripoli's defences and establish a foothold in the government where they will try to renegotiate their relationship with the GNA. Megerisi said the Seventh Brigade employ a populist narrative of wanting to curb corruption and improve life for the average citizen but there is no guarantee that this is what they will do once in power. 'Everybody is vying for a piece of the pie,' he added."

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30.08.2018

"Geert Wilders cancels Prophet Muhammad cartoon contest"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/08/geert-wilders-cancels-prophet-muhammad-cartoon-contest-18083018584
5498.html

Der geplante Mohammed-Karikaturen-Wettbewerb in den Niederlanden, der in Pakistan Massenproteste ausgelöst hat, ist vom niederländischen Politiker und Initiator Geert Wilders aus Sicherheitsgründen wieder abgesagt worden. "The far-right politician, who is known for his incendiary speeches and protests against immigration and Islam, said on Thursday he did not want others endangered by the contest he planned for November. 'To avoid the risk of victims of Islamic violence, I have decided not to let the cartoon contest go ahead,' he said in a written statement, claiming to have received death threats. The scheduled contest sparked angry protests in Pakistan and a death threat this week from a 26-year-old man, reportedly a Pakistani, who was arrested on Tuesday in The Hague."

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22.08.2018

"Yemen war: More than eight million on verge of starvation"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/08/yemen-war-million-verge-starvation-180822084840002.html

Alan Fisher berichtet in diesem Videobeitrag über die humanitäre Krise in Jemen, wo UN-Angaben zufolge mittlerweile 8,4 Millionen Einwohner vor dem Verhungern stehen. "The United Nations has described the conflict in Yemen as one of 'the worst humanitarian disasters in modern times'. The civil war has left millions struggling to afford basic goods. It is estimated that 8.4 million Yemenis are on the verge of starvation, with many more eating just one small meal a day."

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13.08.2018

"UN report: 20,000-30,000 ISIL fighters left in Iraq and Syria"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/08/report-20000-30000-isil-fighers-left-iraq-syria-180813200940166.ht
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Trotz der Zerschlagung des "Islamischen Staates" in Irak und Syrien gibt es dort einem neuen UN-Bericht zufolge immer noch bis zu 30.000 aktive IS-Kämpfer. "Between 20,000 and 30,000 members of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) group, remain in Iraq and Syria despite its defeat and a halt in the flow of foreigners joining its ranks, according to a new United Nations report. Released on Monday, the report by UN sanctions monitors estimates that between 3,000 and 4,000 ISIL fighters were based in Libya, while some of the key operatives in the armed group were being relocated to Afghanistan."

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06.08.2018

"Iraqi Christians displaced by ISIL find solace in Baghdad"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/08/iraqi-christians-displaced-isil-find-solace-baghdad-18080610563003
7.html

Viele vom IS vertriebene irakische Christen haben sich heute in der relativ sicheren Hauptstadt Bagdad versammelt, berichtet Arwa Ibrahim. Ihre Zukunft als Minderheit im Irak werde von vielen allerdings als unsicher eingeschätzt. "[Father Martin Dawood, head of the citizens' affairs department at the Christian Endowment Office,] says he believes the families in Baghdad will only remain in Iraq temporarily before migrating abroad. 'Most families in Baghdad wish to leave the country,' he says. 'Although in Baghdad the situation is better, for years [since the US-led invasion in 2003], Iraqi Christians have been leaving the country. ISIL's presence only made this desire to leave more urgent.'"

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04.08.2018

"North Korea continues work on nuclear programme: UN report"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/08/north-korea-continues-work-nuclear-programme-report-18080406171669
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Einem vertraulichen UN-Bericht zufolge hat Nordkorea sein Atomprogramm keineswegs eingestellt. "North Korea continues to develop its nuclear programme and is violating international sanctions by clandestinely transferring weapons and fuel, a confidential United Nations report said. By turning off tracking systems on ships, the North Asian nation was able to carry out illicit ship-to-ship petroleum transfers, an activity that has 'increased in scope, scale and sophistication', media quoted the leaked report as saying on Friday. It also said 'prohibited military cooperation with the Syrian Arab Republic has continued unabated'."

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30.07.2018

"Why the Russia hysteria in the US is dangerous"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/russia-hysteria-dangerous-180729065325525.html

Leonid Ragozin vergleicht die antirussische "Hysterie" in Washington mit der Stimmung in Russland, wo die Bedrohung durch ausländische Mächte ebenfalls übertrieben dargestellt werde. "The 'besieged fortress complex', which the Kremlin's propaganda has managed to implant in the minds of millions of Russians, is now very much part of the American psyche - particularly on the anti-Trump side. The media's favourite buzzword these days is 'war'. (...) When you convince the entire population of a country that it is at war - even if, truly, there is none in sight - demands for democratic procedure, due process, deliberation and nuance vanish into thin air. The Kremlin's propaganda has succeeded in achieving that over and over again, like it did in 2014, when it persuaded most Russians and Crimeans that the annexation of the peninsula is an act of defence against the existential threat posed by Ukrainian nationalists and their Western backers. Now, the US has been sucked into the whirlpool of collective hysteria and it is gradually adopting Stalin-esque language of 'espionage' and 'foreign agents'."

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28.07.2018

"US-backed Syrian Kurds agree to 'roadmap' with Assad government"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/07/backed-syrian-kurds-agree-roadmap-assad-government-180728082610203
.html

Die Kurden, die gegenwärtig mehr als ein Viertel des syrischen Territoriums kontrollieren, wollen mit der Assad-Regierung zusammenarbeiten, um ihre Autonomie in einem "dezentralisierten Syrien" zu sichern. "The SDF's political wing, the Syrian Democratic Council (SDC), issued a short statement on Saturday saying they would form committees to develop negotiations and 'chart a roadmap to a democratic, decentralised Syria'. There was no immediate confirmation from Damascus, but Sihanouk Dibo, a leftist Kurdish politician, said he expected the negotiations to be 'long and arduous'. (...) Marwan Kabalan, the head of policy analysis at the Arab Centre for Research & Policy Studies, said 'fears' of being attacked again by Turkey may have prompted the Kurds to turn to Damascus, but was 'unlikely' the Syrian government would deliver them autonomy as they expected. (...) 'Rather, what it will probably give them is local governance according to Law 107 that was passed in 2012. This will give them [greater] powers, not decentralisation, or autonomy. The Syrian regime will never accept autonomy.'"

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16.07.2018

"As Trump engages Putin, his deal with Kim collapses"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/trump-engages-putin-deal-kim-collapses-180716071422344.html

Dem Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong-un in Singapur seien bisher keine weiteren Fortschritte gefolgt, stellt Richard Javad Heydarian ernüchtert fest. Der diplomatische Ansatz des US-Präsidenten sei dabei, spektakulär zu scheitern. "(...) there is little evidence to suggest his 'fire and fury' diplomacy is working. Trump's self-proclaimed success in engaging North Korea is on the verge of becoming a failure, exposing the paucity of his strongman diplomacy. (...) The problem is that if Trump were to choose to return to his prior brinkmanship, threatening North Korea with 'preemptive war', the US will almost certainly find itself isolated this time. After all, Trump has helped transform the image of the North Korean supreme leader from a mad villain into a young peacemaker. (...) In retrospect, the Trump-Kim summit can end up as the formal, yet inadvertent, recognition of North Korea as the newest member of the club of nuclear powers. This is almost the complete opposite of what Trump promised: de-nuclearisation of North Korea. With diminishing bargaining power, what the Trump administration can best hope for, barring any major turn in events, is limited arms control arrangements with Pyongyang in exchange for massive economic benefits and precious diplomatic recognition."

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16.07.2018

"US ready for direct talks with Afghan Taliban"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/07/ready-direct-talks-afghan-taliban-180716163415414.html

Die US-Regierung hat sich bereit erklärt, direkte Gespräche mit den Taliban zu führen, um den Konflikt in Afghanistan beenden zu können. "The United States is ready to join direct negotiations with the Taliban in an effort to end the 17-year-long war in Afghanistan, a senior US commander said. (...) Sohail Shahin, a spokesman for the Taliban's political office in Qatar, said he was still waiting for confirmation of Nicholson's comments but welcomed signs of the new approach. 'This is what we wanted and were waiting for - to sit with the US directly and discuss the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan,' Shahin said. He said as a first step he expected to see Taliban leaders removed from a United Nations blacklist in order to be able to travel."

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15.07.2018

"Afghanistan: Civilian deaths hit record high, says UN"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/07/afghanistan-civilian-deaths-hit-record-high-180715074759987.html

Neuen Zahlen der UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) zufolge sind in Afghanistan im ersten Halbjahr 2018 1.692 Zivilisten getötet worden. "In the latest figures released on Sunday by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), 1,692 civilians were killed during the first six months of 2018 - the most recorded in the period over the last decade since the agency began documentation. However, with a total of 5,122 casualties, including 3,430 injuries, UNAMA recorded a three percent overall decrease in the number of those affected by the violence in the war-torn country. The UN figures also showed a 15 percent drop in child and women casualties - at 1,355 and 544 respectively - but UNAMA voiced grave concern over the human cost of the conflict."

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