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17.10.2019

"Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Europe's 'double standard' in arms sales"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkey-saudi-arabia-europe-double-standard-arms-sales-191016231548
811.html

Al Jazeera fragt nach dem schnellen Entschluss europäischer Führungsmächte, Waffenverkäufe in die Türkei aufgrund der türkischen Syrien-Intervention zu unterbinden, warum ähnlich weitreichende Sanktionen nicht auch gegen Saudi-Arabien verhängt werden. "The swift response on Turkey stands in stark contrast to the resistance most of them showed this time last year, when human rights groups had called for similar penalties against Saudi Arabia over the killing of Jamal Khashoggi. The journalist's murder on October 2, 2018 - carried out by Saudi agents inside the kingdom's consulate in Istanbul - shocked the world and prompted renewed scrutiny over Riyadh's actions in Yemen, where a Saudi-led coalition has waged a years-long campaign against Houthi rebels. That conflict has killed tens of thousands of people and pushed the Arab world's most impoverished country to the brink of famine. As the outcry over Khashoggi intensified, Germany responded with a six-month long arms ban on Saudi Arabia, but the other four countries continued to ignore calls for action. (...) 'When you compare Turkey to Saudi Arabia, we see an element of hypocrisy in the position of European and other Western countries,' said Marwan Kabalan, Director of Policy Analysis at the Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies in Doha. 'This is because countries are less concerned about principles or consistency when it comes to foreign policy. They are mainly seeking their own interests.'"

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16.10.2019

"Saudi Arabia and Iran may finally be ready for rapprochement"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/saudi-arabia-iran-finally-ready-rapprochement-191015103242982.h
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Imad K Harb hält eine baldige Annäherung Irans und Saudi-Arabiens keineswegs für unwahrscheinlich. "(...) despite the ongoing friction between the two sides, Riyadh does not want to rule out the possibility of a rapprochement with Tehran in the near future. MBS was clear, in a recent interview with CBS, about his preference for a political solution to the region's ongoing problems. (...) Saudi Arabia can no longer count on Washington's direct assistance in the event of a confrontation with Iran. Whatever existed of Saudi enthusiasm for such a confrontation has dissipated after US President Donald Trump aborted the mission to punish Tehran over its downing of an American spy drone last June. (...) Despite the defiant rhetoric emanating from its leaders and institutions, the Islamic Republic is also interested in a rapprochement with Saudi Arabia. Tehran understands that it cannot remain outside the confines of regional and international systems. It also understands that it needs to make compromises, both in the region and in the international arena, to find necessary accommodations. (...) One thing is sure, however: peaceful co-existence can only work if Tehran scales down its interference in the affairs of Arab states and Riyadh accepts that Iran also has a say in regional issues."

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14.10.2019

"Amid Turkish push, displaced Arab Syrians eye return to homeland"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkish-push-displaced-arab-syrians-eye-return-homelands-191014130
349072.html

Arabische Syrer, die aufgrund des Krieges in die Türkei geflohen sind, hoffen Farah Najjar zufolge, nach einer erfolgreichen türkischen Offensive in ihre früheren Heimatstädte in Nordsyrien zurückkehren zu können. "With some 4.5 million people, the northeastern Syrian region is predominantly inhabited by Arabs, with Kurds accounting for more than an estimated 10 percent of its population. Prior to 2015, al-Hassan says they happily co-existed with their Kurdish neighbours, who were a minority among the ethnically Arab tribes of the area. 'We lived side by side for years,' he said. 'But one day, they turned against us when the armed YPG took the area from opposition fighters.' (...) According to al-Hassan, the village's locals were accused of supporting 'terrorist' ISIL fighters, which at their peak in 2015, controlled large swathes of land across Syria and Iraq. 'We tried explaining that we were just honest farmers who would die for our land,' he said, sitting on a pile of square-shaped pillows. (...) Despite being cleared in March 2017 by a UN investigation of committing rights violations against ethnic groups, the YPG has been accused by rights groups such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International of various abuses."

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10.10.2019

"Turkey's military operation in Syria: All the latest updates"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/turkey-military-operation-syria-latest-updates-191010061648676.htm
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Al Jazeera verfolgt den Verlauf der türkischen Offensive in Nordsyrien in einem regelmäßig aktualisierten Live-Ticker. "Turkey has launched a major military operation in northeast Syria. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says the offensive - which began with air raids on Tuesday - is aimed at removing Kurdish-led forces from the border area and creating a 'safe zone' so millions of Syrian refugees can be returned. The move came after the United States announced it was withdrawing its troops from the region, leaving the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), its main ally in the battle against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL or ISIS) armed group, without US military support. The SDF, led by the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), has appealed to the US and its allies for a 'no-fly zone' to protect it from Turkish air attacks. Turkey considers the YPG a 'terrorist' group."

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09.10.2019

"Iraq's uprising an open crisis with no known path forward"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/iraq-uprising-open-crisis-path-191009061620224.html

Beobachter fürchten Al Jazeera zufolge, dass sich die Protestierenden in Irak bewaffnen und einen staatlichen Kollaps wie in Syrien herbeiführen könnten. Ein Auslöser dieser Eskalation könnte demnach die gewaltsame Reaktion der Sicherheitskräfte auf die bislang friedlichen Proteste gegen die Regierung sein. "It's still unclear why the government chose to exercise such a heavy-handed response to a few hundred unarmed demonstrators who first congregated last week on social media to hold a protest. But analysts say the violence has pushed Iraq toward a dangerous trajectory from which it might be difficult to pull back. As the spontaneous protests - with no apparent political leadership emerging - continued to clash with security forces in Iraq cities and towns, the government appeared unapologetic and failed to offer solutions to entrenched problems, raising fears that yet another Arab nation will be mired in a long-term crisis without a path forward."

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08.10.2019

"Syria: Kurds vow to form 'human shields' to fend off looming push"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/syria-kurds-vow-form-human-shields-fend-looming-push-1910072051160
67.html

Die Kurden im Norden Syriens bereiten sich nach dem angekündigten Rückzug der US-Truppen Farah Najjar zufolge auf eine türkische Invasion vor. "Kurdish civilians in northeastern Syria are planning to stage open-ended sit-ins in areas near the border with Turkey in response to a looming Turkish military operation, according to local activists and journalists. (...) '[They] want to stand as human shields to prevent a Turkish advance,' said Arin Sheikhmous, an activist based in Qamishli, where hundreds also gathered outside a United Nations office to call for international action. (...) Founded in 2015, the SDF says it wants to create an autonomous federation in northern Syria along the lines of the Rojava region. The umbrella group's makeup largely consists of Kurdish YPG fighters and smaller groupings of Arab, Turkmen and Armenian forces. It now controls a vast area, stretching 480km (300 miles) from east of the Euphrates to the border with Iraq - about a quarter of Syria. According to Sheikhmous, all segments of society in the region including Kurds, Arabs and Syriacs - an ancient Christian population - oppose a possible Turkish incursion."

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06.10.2019

"Iran says Chinese state oil firm has withdrawn from $5bn deal"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/iran-chinese-state-oil-firm-withdraws-5bn-deal-191006191347427.htm
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Der wirtschaftliche Druck auf den Iran hat nach dem Platzen einer geplanten Milliardeninvestition Chinas weiter zugenommen. "China's state oil company has pulled out of a $5bn deal to develop a portion of Iran's massive offshore natural gas field, the Islamic republic's oil minister said on Sunday, an agreement from which France's Total SA earlier withdrew over US sanctions. The South Pars field deal, struck in the wake of Iran's 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, appears to be just the latest business casualty of America's pressure campaign on Tehran following President Donald Trump's unilateral withdrawal of the US from the deal. (...) Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif separately complained on Sunday about the US campaign against Tehran and its impact on foreign investments. 'We have been facing plenty of problems in the field of investment because of the US maximum pressure policy,' Zarif told a parliamentary committee, according to the semi-official Tasnim news agency. 'We are trying to remove the problems.'"

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02.10.2019

"A year on, MBS 'gets pass from world leaders' on Khashoggi murder"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/year-mbs-pass-world-leaders-khashoggi-murder-191001201618695.html

Ein Jahr nach dem Mord am saudi-arabischen Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi habe sich bestätigt, dass führende Regierungen kein Interesse daran hätten, Kronprinz Mohammed Bin Salman zur Verantwortung zu ziehen, stellt Zaheena Rasheed ernüchtert fest. "Bessma Momani, professor of political science at the University of Waterloo in Canada, said world leaders have given Prince Mohammed 'a pass', despite incriminating evidence linking him to Khashoggi's killing. She was referring to a June report by a United Nations expert that said it had found 'credible evidence' warranting further investigation that the crown prince is liable for the killing. (...) 'not only is he (the crown prince) being welcomed to international events, he continues to have many face-to-face meetings with world leaders, including those from liberal democracies,' Momani said. Crown Prince Mohammed's successful comeback bid is a testament to Saudi Arabia's clout on the world stage as the world's top oil producer and arms importer, she added, referring to the kingdom's multibillion-dollar defence contracts with Western countries."

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28.09.2019

"Is Europe shifting towards the US on Iran?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/europe-shifting-iran-190928081600519.html

Die klare Schuldzuweisung europäischer Regierungschefs im Fall des Angriffs auf saudi-arabische Ölanlagen könnte nach Ansicht von Maysam Behravesh einen strategischen Kurswechsel Europas in der Iran-Krise einleiten. "The joint statement marked a significant change in European policy on Iran, analysts have said. 'Europe's shift towards the White House's position … will further dim the prospects for EU of enabling Tehran to circumvent US-imposed sanctions,' said Giorgio Cafiero, CEO of the US-based Gulf State Analytics. 'The White House will interpret Europe's shift as a sign of 'maximum pressure' working while the Islamic Republic will see it as yet the latest sign of the extent to which Europeans lack the political and geo-economic leverage to truly break from the US on the most important Iran-related issues,' he added. (...) Despite the widening political rift between Iran and the EU, analysts said Tehran was unlikely to make compromises and return to full compliance with the nuclear deal, known formally as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) partly to avoid conveying an impression of weakness and submission. On the contrary, Tehran would continue its policy of 'maximum resistance' against pressure and move towards restoring its nuclear programme to full capacity."

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24.09.2019

"How has my country voted at the UN?"

https://interactive.aljazeera.com/aje/2019/how-has-my-country-voted-at-unga/index.html

Al Jazeera hat ein umfangreiches interaktives Dossier zusammengestellt, in der die Debatten und das Abstimmungsverhalten der Mitgliedsländer in der UN-Generalversammlung zwischen 1946 und 2018 empirisch aufgearbeitet worden sind. "Every September, leaders from around the world gather at the United Nations in New York to debate and pass resolutions on the biggest issues facing the planet. Established after World War II, the UN has grown from 51 members in 1945 to 193 members in 2019. It also has two non-member observer states, Palestine and The Holy See. (...) In the UN General Assembly, the rule is: One country, one vote for the delegations that come from every member state. To understand what the key issues have been over the years, we have analysed the voting patterns of all UN member states from 1946 to 2018."

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20.09.2019

"Yemen's Houthis say will stop all attacks on Saudi Arabia"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/houthis-stop-attacks-saudi-arabia-190920183802126.html

Die schiitischen Huthi-Rebellen in Jemen haben angekündigt, vorerst auf Angriffe gegen Ziele in Saudi-Arabien verzichten zu wollen. "The announcement was made on Friday night by Mahdi al-Mashat, head of the Houthi's supreme political council, which controls the rebel-held areas in Yemen. 'We declare ceasing to target the Saudi Arabian territory with military drones, ballistic missiles and all other forms of weapons, and we wait for a reciprocal move from them,' Mashat said on the Houthi-run Al Masirah TV. 'We reserve the right to respond if they fail to reciprocate positively to this initiative,' he said, adding that the continuation of the Yemen war 'will not benefit any side'. The announcement by the Houthis came nearly a week after they claimed a major attack on Saudi oil facilities."

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17.09.2019

"'Dollar diplomacy': Taiwan condemns China after Solomons switch"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/dollar-diplomacy-taiwan-condemns-china-solomons-switch-19091700424
8436.html

Chinas Regierung ist es gelungen, die Salomon-Inseln davon zu überzeugen, die diplomatischen Beziehungen zu Taiwan abzubrechen. Taiwan hat die "Dollar-Diplomatie" Pekings scharf kritisiert. "Self-ruled Taiwan now has formal relations with only 16 countries, many of them small, less-developed nations in Central America and the Pacific, including Belize and Nauru. (...) The Solomon Islands' decision followed a months-long review of the pros and cons of a switch to Beijing, which was offering $8.5 million in development funds to replace support from Taiwan. (...) Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare had said China was seen as more likely to provide significant infrastructure funding to the impoverished nation, where less than 50 percent of the population have access to electricity. He also argued switching to China would give the Solomons greater leverage over traditional regional powers, citing Fiji, which shrugged off sanctions imposed by Australia and New Zealand following a 2006 military coup by boosting relations with China."

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10.09.2019

"Colombia FARC: Most former fighters still committed to peace deal"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/colombia-farc-fighters-committed-peace-deal-190910070103871.html

Alessandro Rampietti weist in dieser Videoreportage nach der Ankündigung eines erneuten bewaffneten Kampfes durch einige Farc-Kommandeure darauf hin, dass die meisten ehemaligen Guerilla-Kämpfer nach wie vor am Friedensabkommen mit der kolumbianischen Regierung festhielten. "FARC fighters who laid down their weapons in Colombia say they remain committed to peace, despite some former commanders urging them to rearm. The commanders accuse the government of betraying the deal, which ended Colombia's civil war three years ago. Al Jazeera's Alessandro Rampietti reports from Icononzo, south of the capital Bogota where conditions are poor for those struggling to reintegrate."

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10.09.2019

"Audio transcripts of Jamal Khashoggi's murder revealed"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/audio-jamal-khashoggi-gruesome-murder-revealed-190909163642769.htm
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Die türkische Zeitung Daily Sabah hat Transkripte der Audioaufnahmen vom Mord am saudi-arabischen Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi veröffentlicht. "The recordings, obtained by Turkey's national intelligence and made public by the newspaper on Monday, detailed the conversations between the Saudi writer and members of the 15-man hit squad moments before his assassination on October 2, 2018. (...) His body is yet to be recovered. Turkey has called Khashoggi's killing 'premeditated murder' orchestrated by the Saudi government. Saudi officials have countered that claim, insisting Khashoggi was killed in a 'rogue operation', after initially claiming he had left the building before vanishing. (...) The CIA has reportedly concluded that Crown Prince Mohammed ordered the killing, which officials in Riyadh deny. During trials in Riyadh on Sunday, Daily Sabah revealed some of the statements of the hitmen who killed Khashoggi."

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05.09.2019

"Erdogan: Turkey could open the gates of Europe to refugees"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/09/erdogan-turkey-open-gates-europe-refugees-190905103137895.html

Präsident Erdogan hat die EU aufgefordert, die im Flüchtlingsdeal von 2016 enthaltenen Vereinbarungen zur finanziellen Unterstützung Ankaras einzuhalten. Dabei hat er erneut mit der Öffnung der türkischen Grenzen gedroht, um Europa mit Flüchtlingen zu "fluten". "'This either happens or otherwise we will have to open the gates,' Erdogan said in a speech in the capital, Ankara, on Tuesday. 'Either you will provide support, or excuse us, but we are not going to carry this weight alone. We have not been able to get help from the international community, namely the European Union.' Under a deal agreed between the EU and Turkey in March 2016, Ankara agreed to stem the flow of refugees and migrants into Europe in return for billions of euros in aid. The Turkish government says it has only received a fraction of the promised financial support from the bloc."

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05.09.2019

"Kashmir: Life under siege"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/inpictures/kashmir-life-siege-190825132303986.html

Syed Shahriyar mit einer Bilder-Reportage über den Alltag in Kaschmir einen Monat nach Verhängung des Ausnahmezustands durch die indische Regierung. "The disputed Kashmir region has been under siege since its special status guaranteed by India's constitution was scrapped on August 5. Thousands have been arrested, including both pro-Indian and separatist leaders, in unprecedented security swoop. To pre-empt mass protests, tens of thousands of forces have been deployed in one of the most militarised zones in the world. Internet service has been suspended, mobile and landline phones have been snapped and there are reports of a shortage of medicines as the crippling lockdown continues."

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01.09.2019

"The Norwegian town caught in a 'spy war' with Russia"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/norwegian-town-caught-spy-war-russia-190829122558902.html

Gloria Dickie hat die norwegische Kleinstadt Kirkenes an der Grenze zu Russland besucht, die seit der russischen Verhaftung eines Norwegers in einem "Spionage-Krieg" gefangen sei. "Back in 2017, Russian authorities had arrested and charged retired Kirkenes border guard Frode Berg with espionage. He would ultimately be the first Norwegian citizen convicted of such a crime since the end of World War II, and today remains locked away in a jail near Moscow. (...) The Arctic region is experiencing a chilling effect and the unassuming, 3,500-person town of Kirkenes has gained unprecedented geopolitical importance in recent years: the world's only border crossing between Russia and a NATO country lies about 30km away. As tensions rise between Europe and Russia, the town is now caught in the middle of what some have dubbed a 'spy war'."

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31.08.2019

"Analysis: The divergent Saudi-UAE strategies in Yemen"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/08/analysis-divergent-saudi-uae-strategies-yemen-190830121530210.html

In Jemen ist es Berichten zufolge zu Kämpfen zwischen Milizen gekommen, die von Saudi-Arabien bzw. den Vereinigten Arabischen Emiraten unterstützt werden. Der Sicherheitsexperte Abdul baqi Shamsan erwartet trotz dieser Kämpfe keinen Bruch der Allianz. "The violence has exposed cracks in the coalition fighting the Houthis and, on the surface, it would appear Saudi Arabia and the UAE were heading for an armed conflict in Yemen through their own proxies. 'Not so,' said Abdul baqi Shamsan, a Yemeni academic and political analyst based in Turkey's largest city, Istanbul. Shamsan said despite the appearance of a rift, there is an obvious understanding between the UAE and Saudi Arabia when it came to Yemen. He argued that Saudi Arabia would not challenge the UAE because both countries shared the strategic objective of keeping Yemen feeble to be able to implement their own different strategies. 'The UAE wants Yemen to be weak and divided to enable the South to secede,' he said, adding its interests include having the key port of Aden under the hold of its allies. 'In addition, the UAE will keep the strategic Socotra Island in the Arabian Sea under its control, where it already has established a military base,' he argued. As for Saudi Arabia, Shamsan said the kingdom was eager to maintain control 'over other parts of Yemen closer to its southern borders, especially Hadramwt, Shabwah and Mahrah provinces'."

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31.08.2019

"Turkey 'to start Syria operation' if US delays safe zone plan"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/08/turkey-start-syria-operation-delays-safe-zone-plan-190831164511506
.html

Präsident Erdogan hat erneut mit einer baldigen Militäroffensive gegen die Kurden im Norden Syriens gedroht, um die mit den USA vereinbarte "Safe Zone" nach türkischen Maßstäben durchzusetzen. "'We do not have too much time or patience regarding the safe zone. Within a few weeks if our soldiers do not start controlling this area, there will be no other option left but to implement our own operation plans,' Erdogan said on Saturday during a speech in Istanbul, repeating his calls on Washington to go ahead with the promise to establish the zone. The US-Turkey deal for the zone agreed earlier this month is intended to manage tensions between Turkey and US-backed Kurdish-led forces over the border in war-torn Syria that Ankara brands as 'terrorists'. The details of the plan are still unclear as is the size of the 'safe zone' and how it will be managed or divided."

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25.08.2019

"Japan protests S Korean military drills around disputed islands"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/08/japan-protests-korean-military-drills-disputed-islands-19082511415
4277.html

Im Streit zwischen Japan und Südkorea geht es auch um eine Inselgruppe, die von beiden Ländern beansprucht wird. Das südkoreanische Militär hat vor wenigen Tagen unter japanischen Protesten eine Übung in der Nähe der Inseln durchgeführt. "Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs called the drills unacceptable and said it had lodged a protest with South Korea calling for them to end the drills. The island is 'obviously an inherent part of the territory of Japan', Kenji Kanasugi, the director-general at the ministry's Asian and Oceanian Affairs Bureau, told the South Korean embassy in Tokyo in a statement. Ko Min-jung, a spokeswoman for South Korea's presidential Blue House, said the drill was an annual exercise and not aimed at any specific country. 'It's an exercise to guard our sovereignty and territory,' she told reporters in Seoul."

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24.08.2019

"Why are millions of children not in school in West Africa?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/insidestory/2019/08/millions-children-school-west-africa-19082320364
6385.html

Im Westen Afrikas erhalten der UNICEF zufolge Millionen Kinder aufgrund zunehmender Angriffe gegen Schulen, Lehrer und Studenten keinen Unterricht. "Summer holidays are almost over for children in the northern hemisphere. However, many children will not be returning to class in West and Central Africa. The United Nations's children's fund says armed groups are increasingly targeting schools, teachers and students. UNICEF reported 9,272 schools closed in the region due to violence; three times more than the number at the end of 2017. This has forced 1.9 million children out of the classroom. What needs to be done to ensure children do not miss out on an education?"

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24.08.2019

"Syria's War: Government forces seize rebel territory in Hama"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/08/syrias-war-government-forces-seize-rebel-territory-hama-1908241311
18490.html

Die syrischen Regierungstruppen haben bei ihren Kämpfen in der Hama-Provinz südlich von Idlib die letzten von Rebellen kontrollierten Städte und Dörfer erobert. "The Syrian army has seized a pocket of rebel territory in the northwest, reclaiming towns lost early in the war. The most recent offensive intensified in late April, killing hundreds of people. The northwest corner is all that remains in rebel control after more than eight years of war."

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18.08.2019

"Hong Kong protests: Generation gap on the streets"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/08/hong-kong-protests-generation-gap-streets-190818095058937.html

Auch Hashem Ahelbarra weist in diesem Videobeitrag darauf hin, dass es in Hongkong zwischen den Protestierenden und den Anhängern Pekings eine Generationslücke gebe. "Saturday saw crowds turn out for and against the government. And as Al Jazeera's Hoda Abdel Hamid found out, there was a generational divide among those on the streets."

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05.08.2019

"Understanding the 'S-400 crisis'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/understanding-400-crisis-190801201222608.html

Verda Ozer empfiehlt, den türkischen Kauf russischer S-400-Raketen nicht überzubewerten oder gar als Abwendung der Türkei vom Westen zu interpretieren. "The purchase of the S-400 will indeed affect Turkey's strategic alliance with the US, but it will not break it. In the future, Ankara will have to balance between its 67-year-old NATO membership and other partners, rather than replacing one with the other. (...) Turkey has also repeatedly offered to purchase the Patriot defence system if the deal included joint production. (...) From Ankara's perspective, purchasing the Patriot defence system is not only meant to guarantee its security but also re-affirm its commitment to its alliance with the US. While the S-400 system is being deployed only for air defence, the Patriot would also provide missile defence, making it much more a comprehensive, long-lasting, and effective military investment. Likewise, Turkey seeks a strong, long-term relationship with the US; by contrast, its partnership with Russia is short-term and pragmatic. It is also important to point out that, apart from its engagement with the US, Turkey also has close military cooperation with various European partners. (...) These agreements reveal that Ankara continues to seek strong engagement with NATO allies and to demonstrate its commitment to the West. The purchase of the S-400 has indeed destabilised Turkey's relations with the US and other NATO allies, but it has not changed its geopolitical vision and traditional alignment with the West."

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04.08.2019

"Iran has two nuclear options: The Islamic republic can go either the Israeli way or the Egyptian way."

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/iran-nuclear-options-190729112714738.html

Nach einem endgültigen Kollaps des internationalen Atomabkommens ständen Iran zwei Wege offen, schreibt Hamid Dabashi. Teheran könnte dem Vorbild Israels folgen und ein geheimes Atomwaffenprogramm unter Verletzung internationaler Vereinbarungen betreiben. Die zweite Option wäre, sich wie Ägypten verstärkt für die Schaffung eines atomwaffenfreien Nahen Ostens einzusetzen. "(...) the Iranians could do exactly as Israelis have done - steal, cheat, conceal and lie their way towards a massive nuclear arsenal. As [Guardian's world affairs editor, Julian Borger,] points out, 'Western governments, including Britain and the US, turn a blind eye. But how can we expect Iran to curb its nuclear ambitions if the Israelis won't come clean?' Excellent question, if the US or EU cared to comment. (...) The second option, the one that a peaceful and sane world would prefer and propose, is the Egyptian one. (...) Back in 2015, Egypt proposed that then UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon convene a regional conference to explore the possibility of imposing a ban on weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in the Middle East. Who ended up blocking such an excellent idea? Well of course, Mr Barack Obama himself and his secretary of state, John Kerry, for which the two received special thanks from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu."

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25.07.2019

"Satellite images show ongoing destruction of Rohingya settlements"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/southasia/2019/07/satellite-images-show-ongoing-destruction-rohingya-settl
ements-190724111501684.html

Neue Satellitenaufnahmen beweisen Margarite Clarey zufolge, dass die Dörfer der vertriebenen Rohingya in Myanmar weiter systematisch zerstört werden. "New satellite analysis released on Wednesday by an Australian think-tank, the International Cyber Policy Centre at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI), shows 'minimal preparation' for the return of Rohingya refugees amid the continuing destruction of residential areas and an increase in military facilities in northern Rakhine. In Aung Zan village, ASPI says the last remaining residential structures were demolished in the first three months of 2019, while security posts there were expanded and fortified. These trends apply to 392 Rohingya settlements, where satellite images gathered by the centre between December 2018 and June 2019 indicate that 40 percent of the villages originally identified by the United Nations' satelite tracking service UNOSAT as burned, damaged or destroyed during the 2017 crisis have since been entirely razed, with an additional 58 villages the target of new demolition."

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23.07.2019

"UAE not leaving war-torn Yemen despite withdrawal, says minister"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/07/uae-leaving-war-torn-yemen-drawdown-minister-190723114457594.html

VAE-Außenminister Anwar Gargash hat klargestellt, dass die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate sich trotz der Truppenverlegungen der jüngeren Zeit nicht aus dem Konflikt in Jemen zurückziehen werden. "'Just to be clear, the UAE and the rest of the coalition are not leaving Yemen,' Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Gargash said in an opinion piece published on Monday in The Washington Post. 'While we will operate differently, our military presence will remain. In accordance with international law, we will continue to advise and assist local Yemen forces.' The UAE is a key partner in the Saudi Arabia-led military coalition that intervened in Yemen in 2015 to restore the internationally recognised government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi against the Houthi rebels."

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20.07.2019

"US to launch plan for 'free passage' of ships in Iran's waterway"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/07/launch-plan-free-passage-ships-iran-waterway-190720193951226.html

Der stellvertretende US-Verteidigungsminister John Rood hat angekündigt, dass die US-Regierung auf die aktuelle Krise im Golf mit einem Plan zur Sicherung der Seewege vor Ort reagieren wird. "'We are starting a concept called Sentinel in which we will have a series of countries engaged to preserve the free and open passage of commerce in the Strait of Hormuz and in the Persian Gulf,' US Under Secretary of Defense for Policy John Rood said at the Aspen Security Forum on Saturday. The US has had discussions with NATO allies, some 'partners in the Gulf' and others to join the effort to keep the 'vital waterway' open, said Rood, adding that the new operation would 'come into being over the coming days and weeks'. 'The idea is to have additional sentinels being able to observe activity in the Gulf with intelligence and surveillance assets, having a naval and air presence to restore stability and also having capability to respond'."

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17.07.2019

"EU asks for 'results' on Venezuela's talks and prepares sanctions"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/07/eu-asks-results-venezuela-talks-prepares-sanctions-190717053131422
.html

Die EU plant aufgrund von Berichten über Menschenrechtsverletzungen in Venezuela neue Sanktionen gegen die Maduro-Regierung. "'The EU is ready to start work towards applying targeted measures for those members of the security forces involved in torture and other serious violations of human rights, ' [Federica Mogherini, the bloc's foreign policy chief,] said in a statement on Tuesday. Mogherini also warned that if no 'concrete results' were reached in current talks between the opposition and the government to resolve the political crisis, the EU would be ready to expand its measures. Members of the government of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro and opposition representatives are holding talks in Barbados in an attempt to break the political stalemate."

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15.07.2019

"How armies of fake accounts 'ruined' Twitter in the Middle East"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/07/armies-fake-accounts-ruined-twitter-middle-east-190715165620214.ht
ml

Im Nahen Osten habe sich der Kurznachrichtendienst Twitter seit dem Arabischen Frühling von einem Werkzeug zur Schaffung von Transparenz zu einer Plattform für staatliche Propaganda gewandelt, beklagt Yarno Ritzen. "In the Middle East region, Twitter went from being a tool of liberation during the Arab Spring to a platform rife with propaganda and fake accounts. Bot armies have invaded Arabic-language Twitter in recent years, inundating it to the point that any conversation about political or other contentious topics is fraught with anger and confusion. 'Controversial' tweets are drowned out by hundreds of suspicious, anonymous accounts that seem to exist only to push a certain narrative."

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