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05.08.2019

"Understanding the 'S-400 crisis'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/understanding-400-crisis-190801201222608.html

Verda Ozer empfiehlt, den türkischen Kauf russischer S-400-Raketen nicht überzubewerten oder gar als Abwendung der Türkei vom Westen zu interpretieren. "The purchase of the S-400 will indeed affect Turkey's strategic alliance with the US, but it will not break it. In the future, Ankara will have to balance between its 67-year-old NATO membership and other partners, rather than replacing one with the other. (...) Turkey has also repeatedly offered to purchase the Patriot defence system if the deal included joint production. (...) From Ankara's perspective, purchasing the Patriot defence system is not only meant to guarantee its security but also re-affirm its commitment to its alliance with the US. While the S-400 system is being deployed only for air defence, the Patriot would also provide missile defence, making it much more a comprehensive, long-lasting, and effective military investment. Likewise, Turkey seeks a strong, long-term relationship with the US; by contrast, its partnership with Russia is short-term and pragmatic. It is also important to point out that, apart from its engagement with the US, Turkey also has close military cooperation with various European partners. (...) These agreements reveal that Ankara continues to seek strong engagement with NATO allies and to demonstrate its commitment to the West. The purchase of the S-400 has indeed destabilised Turkey's relations with the US and other NATO allies, but it has not changed its geopolitical vision and traditional alignment with the West."

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04.08.2019

"Iran has two nuclear options: The Islamic republic can go either the Israeli way or the Egyptian way."

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/iran-nuclear-options-190729112714738.html

Nach einem endgültigen Kollaps des internationalen Atomabkommens ständen Iran zwei Wege offen, schreibt Hamid Dabashi. Teheran könnte dem Vorbild Israels folgen und ein geheimes Atomwaffenprogramm unter Verletzung internationaler Vereinbarungen betreiben. Die zweite Option wäre, sich wie Ägypten verstärkt für die Schaffung eines atomwaffenfreien Nahen Ostens einzusetzen. "(...) the Iranians could do exactly as Israelis have done - steal, cheat, conceal and lie their way towards a massive nuclear arsenal. As [Guardian's world affairs editor, Julian Borger,] points out, 'Western governments, including Britain and the US, turn a blind eye. But how can we expect Iran to curb its nuclear ambitions if the Israelis won't come clean?' Excellent question, if the US or EU cared to comment. (...) The second option, the one that a peaceful and sane world would prefer and propose, is the Egyptian one. (...) Back in 2015, Egypt proposed that then UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon convene a regional conference to explore the possibility of imposing a ban on weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in the Middle East. Who ended up blocking such an excellent idea? Well of course, Mr Barack Obama himself and his secretary of state, John Kerry, for which the two received special thanks from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu."

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25.07.2019

"Satellite images show ongoing destruction of Rohingya settlements"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/southasia/2019/07/satellite-images-show-ongoing-destruction-rohingya-settl
ements-190724111501684.html

Neue Satellitenaufnahmen beweisen Margarite Clarey zufolge, dass die Dörfer der vertriebenen Rohingya in Myanmar weiter systematisch zerstört werden. "New satellite analysis released on Wednesday by an Australian think-tank, the International Cyber Policy Centre at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI), shows 'minimal preparation' for the return of Rohingya refugees amid the continuing destruction of residential areas and an increase in military facilities in northern Rakhine. In Aung Zan village, ASPI says the last remaining residential structures were demolished in the first three months of 2019, while security posts there were expanded and fortified. These trends apply to 392 Rohingya settlements, where satellite images gathered by the centre between December 2018 and June 2019 indicate that 40 percent of the villages originally identified by the United Nations' satelite tracking service UNOSAT as burned, damaged or destroyed during the 2017 crisis have since been entirely razed, with an additional 58 villages the target of new demolition."

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23.07.2019

"UAE not leaving war-torn Yemen despite withdrawal, says minister"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/07/uae-leaving-war-torn-yemen-drawdown-minister-190723114457594.html

VAE-Außenminister Anwar Gargash hat klargestellt, dass die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate sich trotz der Truppenverlegungen der jüngeren Zeit nicht aus dem Konflikt in Jemen zurückziehen werden. "'Just to be clear, the UAE and the rest of the coalition are not leaving Yemen,' Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Gargash said in an opinion piece published on Monday in The Washington Post. 'While we will operate differently, our military presence will remain. In accordance with international law, we will continue to advise and assist local Yemen forces.' The UAE is a key partner in the Saudi Arabia-led military coalition that intervened in Yemen in 2015 to restore the internationally recognised government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi against the Houthi rebels."

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20.07.2019

"US to launch plan for 'free passage' of ships in Iran's waterway"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/07/launch-plan-free-passage-ships-iran-waterway-190720193951226.html

Der stellvertretende US-Verteidigungsminister John Rood hat angekündigt, dass die US-Regierung auf die aktuelle Krise im Golf mit einem Plan zur Sicherung der Seewege vor Ort reagieren wird. "'We are starting a concept called Sentinel in which we will have a series of countries engaged to preserve the free and open passage of commerce in the Strait of Hormuz and in the Persian Gulf,' US Under Secretary of Defense for Policy John Rood said at the Aspen Security Forum on Saturday. The US has had discussions with NATO allies, some 'partners in the Gulf' and others to join the effort to keep the 'vital waterway' open, said Rood, adding that the new operation would 'come into being over the coming days and weeks'. 'The idea is to have additional sentinels being able to observe activity in the Gulf with intelligence and surveillance assets, having a naval and air presence to restore stability and also having capability to respond'."

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17.07.2019

"EU asks for 'results' on Venezuela's talks and prepares sanctions"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/07/eu-asks-results-venezuela-talks-prepares-sanctions-190717053131422
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Die EU plant aufgrund von Berichten über Menschenrechtsverletzungen in Venezuela neue Sanktionen gegen die Maduro-Regierung. "'The EU is ready to start work towards applying targeted measures for those members of the security forces involved in torture and other serious violations of human rights, ' [Federica Mogherini, the bloc's foreign policy chief,] said in a statement on Tuesday. Mogherini also warned that if no 'concrete results' were reached in current talks between the opposition and the government to resolve the political crisis, the EU would be ready to expand its measures. Members of the government of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro and opposition representatives are holding talks in Barbados in an attempt to break the political stalemate."

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15.07.2019

"How armies of fake accounts 'ruined' Twitter in the Middle East"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/07/armies-fake-accounts-ruined-twitter-middle-east-190715165620214.ht
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Im Nahen Osten habe sich der Kurznachrichtendienst Twitter seit dem Arabischen Frühling von einem Werkzeug zur Schaffung von Transparenz zu einer Plattform für staatliche Propaganda gewandelt, beklagt Yarno Ritzen. "In the Middle East region, Twitter went from being a tool of liberation during the Arab Spring to a platform rife with propaganda and fake accounts. Bot armies have invaded Arabic-language Twitter in recent years, inundating it to the point that any conversation about political or other contentious topics is fraught with anger and confusion. 'Controversial' tweets are drowned out by hundreds of suspicious, anonymous accounts that seem to exist only to push a certain narrative."

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10.07.2019

"After ISIL, children try to catch up with school in Mosul"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2019/07/isil-children-catch-school-mosul-190706110719035.html

Tessa Fox berichtet in dieser Reportage über die Bemühungen in der irakischen Stadt Mosul, Kindern, die während der IS-Besatzung nicht zur Schule gehen konnten, die Bildung nachträglich zu ermöglichen. "Most of Mosul's students returned to schools only after Iraqi forces recaptured the city in 2017, but many are now struggling at school after missing three years of education. Tawfiq Rafh, headteacher at Al Huda, said only children from ISIL families attended Mosul's schools during the group's reign in the city. (...) Nasrin Mansoor, Save the Children’s national child safeguarding coordinator in Iraq, said the fact children were skipping multiple grades would affect them 'greatly', noting that it would impact the children emotionally and socially as well as academically. 'There's the knowledge gap which reflects badly on the performance of the child … in situations where they will struggle with the topics that have been already clarified to their peers but not them,' Mansoor said."

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10.07.2019

"What is Russia's strategy in Libya?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/russia-strategy-libya-190710070457901.html

Yury Barmin charakterisiert die russische Strategie im Libyen-Konflikt als "transaktional". Dies treffe auch für die russische Unterstützung für General Haftar zu. "As it became increasingly clear that Haftar's campaign was not going to yield a quick victory, Russia's position on Libya evolved to what may be described as strategic ambiguity. Seeing how a number of foreign countries got dragged down into the conflict over Tripoli, including France, Turkey and the UAE, the Kremlin made a strategical decision not to get involved in a fight that is essentially a zero-sum game. Unlike Egypt and the UAE, Russia has no interest in actively intervening in the Tripoli offensive on behalf of Haftar. At the same time, policymakers in Moscow still don't see him as a liability for a number of considerations. First, Russia still sees that governing structures in the country's east as well as the LNA as fully legitimate, unlike the Government of National Accord (GNA). Second, the Russian defence ministry prefers to deal with a military man, such as Haftar, in Libya. Third, in the event that Haftar eventually succeeds in relocating NOC operations to Benghazi or replaces Sanalla, with a loyal figure, Moscow would be able to reap the benefits of its long-term support for the general."

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09.07.2019

"WHO: More than 1,000 killed in battle for Libya's Tripoli"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/07/1000-killed-battle-libya-tripoli-190708191029535.html

Bei den Kämpfen um die libysche Hauptstadt Tripolis sind der Weltgesundheitsorganisation zufolge seit April bereits mehr als 1.000 Menschen getötet worden. "The World Health Organization (WHO) said in a brief statement on Tuesday that 1,048 people, including 106 civilians, have been killed since the offensive began. It said 5,558 were wounded, including 289 civilians. 'WHO continues to send doctors and medical supplies to help hospitals cope. Our teams have performed more than 1,700 surgeries in three months,' the UN body said on Twitter."

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05.07.2019

"'Our revolution won': Sudan's opposition lauds deal with military"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/07/sudan-military-council-opposition-reach-power-sharing-agreement-19
0705013332385.html

Nach monatelangen Verhandlungen haben sich Vertreter des Militärs und der Opposition in Sudan darauf verständigt, eine Übergangsregierung zu bilden. "Sudan's ruling generals and a coalition of protest and opposition groups have reached an agreement to share power during a transition period until elections, in a deal that could break weeks of political deadlock since the overthrowing of autocratic President Omar al-Bashir in April. Both sides agreed to establish a joint military-civilian sovereign council that will rule the country by rotation 'for a period of three years or slightly more', Mohamed Hassan Lebatt, African Union (AU) mediator, said at a news conference on Friday. (...) Omar Eldigair, a leader of the Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC), an umbrella alliance of opposition groups, said the agreement 'opens the way for the formation of the institutions of the transitional authority, and we hope that this is the beginning of a new era'."

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28.06.2019

"'Last chance' to save nuclear deal at Vienna meeting, Iran warns"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/chance-save-nuclear-deal-vienna-meeting-iran-warns-190628064648361
.html

Der Iran hat die EU im Disput über die Zukunft des internationalen Atomabkommens ultimativ aufgefordert, die Versprechungen gegenüber Teheran zu erfüllen. Dabei gehe es vorrangig um die Ermöglichung iranischer Ölverkäufe. "Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesman Abbas Mousavi (...) said despite supporting Iran in several statements, the remaining signatories - the United Kingdom, France, Germany, China and Russia - failed to take any action to shield its faltering economy from US sanctions. (...) An Iranian official, speaking on condition of anonymity to Reuters news agency, said Tehran's main concern was oil sales. 'What is our demand? Our demand is to be able to sell our oil and get the money back. And this is in fact the minimum of our benefit from the deal,' the official said. 'We are not asking the Europeans to invest in Iran ... We only want to sell our oil.' The US on Friday vowed to choke off all of Iran's oil exports."

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26.06.2019

"Why do states allow impunity for torture?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/states-impunity-torture-190625151542565.html

Obwohl die Folter von Gefangenen in den meisten Ländern verboten sei, würden Verstöße nur in den wenigsten Fällen rechtlich verfolgt, schreibt Mia Swart anlässlich des Internationalen Tags zur Unterstützung der Folteropfer. "The occasion, which falls on June 26 every year, is aimed at honouring victims of torture and reiterating global commitment to eradicating the crime. [UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres] said he was encouraged that the world was moving towards universal ratification of the 1984 UN Convention against Torture (CAT). (...) Some 166 countries have ratified the convention, making it one of the most widely ratified international conventions. However, despite torture being condemned and criminalised widely, human rights experts say very few countries actually prosecute the offence." 

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25.06.2019

"UN: Yemen's Houthi rebels blocking food for tens of thousands"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/yemen-houthi-rebels-block-food-tens-thousands-190625072632971.html

Die UNO wirft den Huthi-Rebellen in Jemen vor, Lebensmittellieferungen für 100.000 Familien zu blockieren. "A World Food Programme (WFP) spokesperson, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said on Tuesday the aid was prevented from reaching civilians after the UN body partially suspended relief efforts last week, accusing the rebels of looting it. (...) The WFP spokesperson said the rebels blocked more than 8,000 tonnes of flour that was sent from the Red Sea port of Hodeidah. The Houthis claimed it was contaminated with dead insects. UN food chief David Beasley said on Friday that WFP estimated at least 10 percent of the $175m in monthly food aid it provided was being diverted in Houthi areas to help fund the conflict. Saudi Arabia and its allies intervened in Yemen in 2015 to try to restore the government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi after the Houthis seized much of the country, including the capital Sanaa. Both parties in the four-year conflict, widely seen in the region as a proxy war between Saudi Arabia and Iran, have used access to aid and food as a political tool."

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25.06.2019

"Iran says US sanctions on Khamenei closed path to diplomacy"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/iran-sanctions-khamenei-closed-path-diplomacy-190625045240290.html

Der Iran hat Verhandlungen mit den USA angesichts der neuen Sanktionen gegen den Obersten Religionsführer Ajatollah Chamenei kategorisch ausgeschlossen. "'Imposing useless sanctions on Iran's Supreme Leader (Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and the commander of Iran's diplomacy (Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif) is the permanent closure of the path of diplomacy,' Foreign Ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi said in a tweet. 'Trump's desperate administration is destroying the established international mechanisms for maintaining world peace and security.' (...) Jarrett Blanc from Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said that while the new sanctions will be largely symbolic, the underlying message could escalate the situation even further. 'Sanctions on the supreme leader and his office are almost certainly to be read in Iran as a confirmation that this administration is pursuing a regime change policy,' said Blanc who was a senior State Department official under President Barack Obama, who oversaw the implementation of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal."

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19.06.2019

"Trump revives Monroe Doctrine as warning to China and Russia"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/trump-revives-monroe-doctrine-warning-china-russia-190619060326024
.html

Die berüchtigte "Monroe-Doktrin" spiele in der Lateinamerika-Politik der USA wieder eine zentrale Rolle, schreibt Lucia Newman. "Many Latin Americans see the resurgence of the Monroe Doctrine not just as a threat to left-wing regimes. The White House is using crippling economic and financial sanctions as a means to bend or break 'uncooperative' countries. Mexico's decision to cave into pressure to send troops to its southern border to stop the entry of Central American migrants, so that Trump would not impose stiff tariffs on Mexican imports, is the most recent example. Sanctions aimed at cutting off economic oxygen to President Nicolas Maduro in Venezuela and his allies in Cuba have been less successful. But they are nevertheless painful. Former Chilean Ambassador to the US Juan Gabriel Valdez said this is a dangerous trend for the entire region. 'There are new generations that have not lived in a world where a populist president governs the United States and declares the right of his country to intervene in Latin America whenever he chooses. The Monroe Doctrine is being used as the principle to rule our relationships,' warned Valdez."

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19.06.2019

"Agnes Callamard Q&A: 'Saudi is responsible for Khashoggi murder'"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/agnes-callamard-qa-saudi-responsible-khashoggi-murder-190619132129
136.html

Al Jazeera hat mit der UN-Sonderberichterstatterin Agnes Callamard ein exklusives Interview zur Veröffentlichung ihres Berichts an den UN-Menschenrechtsrat geführt. Im Bericht hat Callamard neue Belege für die saudi-arabische Planung des Mordes am Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi vorgelegt. "The state of Saudi Arabia is first and foremost responsible for the murder. It's important to insist that the execution of Khashoggi was a killing by the state. We have focused extensively on the identity of various individuals that were involved in the commission of the crime, but first and foremost we must insist on putting the responsibility for the killing to the state of Saudi Arabia - it must bear responsibility for that killing and it must take action as a state to repair the killing."

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18.06.2019

"Egypt's ex-President Mohamed Morsi dies after court appearance"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/egypt-president-mohamed-morsi-dies-state-media-190617155322012.htm
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Al Jazeera macht in dem Bericht über den plötzlichen Tod von Mohammed Mursi auf die vorausgegangene schlechte Behandlung des seit Jahren inhaftierten ägyptischen Ex-Präsidenten aufmerksam. "Morsi had a history of health issues, including diabetes and liver and kidney disease. He had suffered from medical neglect during his imprisonment, compounded by the poor conditions in jail. There have been various reports over the years that Morsi had been mistreated and tortured in jail, with activists saying on Monday his death should be seen in context of the Egyptian authorities' systematic isolation and mistreatment of political detainees. Human Rights Watch called the news of Morsi's death 'terrible' but 'entirely predictable', citing the government's 'failure to allow him adequate medical care'."

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17.06.2019

"Ukraine's Mariupol stuck between war and Russian blockade"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/ukraine-mariupol-stuck-war-russian-blockade-190617095417448.ht
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Mansur Mirovalev berichtet in seiner Reportage aus der ukrainischen Küstenstadt Mariupol über die lokalen Folgen der russischen "Seeblockade" im Asowschen Meer. "Mariupol is Ukraine's principal port on the Sea of Azov, a shallow body of water between Ukraine, Russia and the Russia-annexed Crimean Peninsula. Steel amounts to two-thirds of exports from Mariupol's seaport, followed by iron ore, grain and sunflower oil. The trade helped keep Ukraine's struggling economy afloat - until last year, when Russian border patrol ships stopped more than 150 Ukrainian or Ukraine-bound trade ships for days in the Strait of Kerch that links Azov to the Black Sea, causing multi-million damages and forcing steel producers to cut costs, officials said."

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16.06.2019

"Saudis say Shia teenager will not be executed: Report"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/saudis-shia-teenager-executed-report-190616064642069.html

Saudi-Arabien will Reuters-Informationen zufolge offenbar auf die Hinrichtung eines 18-Jährigen verzichten, der als zehnjähriges Kind an einem Protest teilgenommen hatte und drei Jahre später verhaftet wurde. "A young man from Saudi Arabia's minority Shia Muslim community who was arrested at the age of 13 will not be executed and could be released by 2022, a Saudi official told Reuters news agency after reports of his pending execution. Murtaja Qureiris, who was detained in September 2014, received an initial 12-year prison sentence with time served since his arrest and four years suspended for his young age, according to the official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity. The sentence is subject to appeal. 'He will not be executed,' the official added."

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16.06.2019

"Is Iran to blame for suspected attacks on Gulf tankers?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2019/06/iran-blame-suspected-attacks-gulf-tankers-1906151658314
04.html

Ist der Iran für die Angriffe auf die beiden Öl-Tanker im Golf von Oman verantwortlich? Maysam Behravesh hat Expertenmeinungen zu diesem Vorwurf der USA zusammengetragen. "Analysts reacted to the US allegations with scepticism. Even those who found the claims credible said Washington may have forced Iran's hand with its 'maximum pressure' campaign of punishing financial sanctions. 'Tehran has the capability to commit such attacks and has threatened to interfere with shipping in the Gulf while it is also in a state of desperation due to the tight sanctions and international isolation,' said Max Abrahms, professor of political science at Northeastern University in the US. (...) Barbara Slavin, director of the Future of Iran Initiative at the Atlantic Council, said if Iran was responsible for Thursday's attacks, it was carrying out its repeated threats that other countries in the region would also 'face obstacles' in exporting oil. (...) But with Iran still appealing to the remaining signatories to deliver on its promised economic benefits, Abrahms said it was not in Tehran's interests to disrupt trade in the Gulf. 'The question arises as to why Tehran would commit such an attack because it only harms Iran on the world stage and helps its enemies, while scepticism is also warranted due to the unreliability of [US] intelligence,' he said, referring to the faulty intelligence Washington used to justify its invasion of Iraq in 2003."

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12.06.2019

"What's behind the ethnic violence in Mali?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/insidestory/2019/06/ethnic-violence-mali-190612190809988.html

Im Al-Jazeera-Programm Inside Story haben Experten über die Hintergründe der offenbar ethnisch motivierten Gewaltwelle in Mali diskutiert. "Ethnic tension is threatening to further destabilise Mali. Violence is worsening in the long-running dispute between the Dogon and Fulani people - and armed groups linked to al-Qaeda are exploiting the unrest. Dozens of people were killed in a village home to Dogon farmers when men armed with machetes and guns attacked on Sunday. The attack is similar to the ransacking of a Fulani village in March, where nearly 160 died. What is behind these killings and why can't the government protect Malians?"

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11.06.2019

"Iran has accelerated enrichment of uranium, says UN watchdog"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/iran-accelerated-enrichment-uranium-watchdog-190611062624727.html

Iran hat seine Ankündigung wahrgemacht und die Aktivitäten zur Anreicherung von Uran verstärkt, so die Feststellung des Generaldirektors der Internationalen Atomenergieorganisation (IAEO), Yukiya Amano. "IAEA chief Yukiya Amano, whose agency is responsible for monitoring Iranian compliance with the nuclear deal, said Iran was now producing more enriched uranium than before, but it was not clear when it might reach the stockpile limit of 300 kg set in the pact. 'Yes, [the] production rate is increasing,' he told a news conference on Monday when asked if enriched uranium production had accelerated since the agency's last quarterly report, which found Iran compliant with the nuclear deal as of May 20. He declined to quantify the increase."

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09.06.2019

"Kosovo is trying to reintegrate ISIL returnees. Will it work?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/kosovo-reintegrate-isil-returnees-work-190608200858002.html

Valerie Plesch und Serbeze Haxhiaj berichten über den Versuch der Regierung Kosovos, aus Syrien zurückgekehrte IS-Anhänger bzw. deren Angehörige gesellschaftlich zu integrieren. "The 110 Kosovars were taken from the sprawling al-Hol displacement camp in the Hassakeh province of northeastern Syria, following the fall of Baghouz, the last stronghold of ISIL (the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant group). (...) Unlike other European nations, who have refused to bring their citizens home from Syria or have revoked their citizenship, the Kosovo government already had a plan in place to repatriate its citizens from the battlefield. The plan was made possible with the assistance of the US military and the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF). 'With this repatriation, Kosovo has set an important example for all members of the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS and the international community to follow,' the US Embassy in Pristina said in a statement the day they returned. An estimated 400 Kosovars, including women and children, travelled to Syria in the last five years. Most were men who joined to fight with ISIL and brought their wives."

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05.06.2019

"Sudan crackdown on protesters: All the latest updates"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/sudan-crackdown-protesters-latest-updates-190603065755468.html

Die Zahl der Todesopfer bei der gewaltsamen Vertreibung von Protestierenden im Sudan ist Al Jazeera zufolge auf 60 angestiegen. "The assault on Monday was the worst violence in Sudan since the April 11 overthrow of long-time leader Omar al-Bashir and drew sharp condemnation from the United Nations, the African Union and others. Protest leaders, who are seeking a speedy transition to civilian rule, called the raid 'a massacre' aimed at breaking up a weeks-long sit-in outside the military headquarters in Khartoum. But the ruling Transitional Military Council (TMC) denied trying to disperse the protest, saying security forces had targeted 'unruly' groups nearby."

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30.05.2019

"US 'maximum pressure' on Iran is empowering Russia in Syria"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/maximum-pressure-iran-empowering-russia-syria-190530125912225.h
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Mit ihrer Iran-Strategie des "maximalen Drucks" spiele die US-Regierung der Nahost-Politik Russlands in die Hände, stellt Ali Bakeer fest. Iran leide unter den ökonomischen Folgen der US-Sanktionen und habe deshalb in Syrien an Einfluss eingebüßt. "With Iran being unable to send oil and money as it used to do, the Syrian regime is left with two options: either to wage war on areas controlled by US-backed Kurdish militias to recover the oil wells in the eastern part of the country, or to ask Russia for help. While the first is almost impossible to do at the moment given the continuous US presence in northeastern Syria, the second is very much possible but may come at a great political cost. Despite being in a good position to compensate for the lack of oil supplies from Iran, Russia doesn't seem to be in a rush to ease the economic crisis. Perhaps the reason for Moscow's inaction is its desire to see the regime suffer some more before it interferes and comes to al-Assad's rescue with a lengthy list of demands he would not be able to reject."

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28.05.2019

"Why is Afghanistan unable to extract its vast mineral wealth?"

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/afghanistan-unable-extract-vast-mineral-wealth-190527111748895
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Trotz des Reichtums an Bodenschätzen ist die afghanische Bergbauwirtschaft bisher kaum entwickelt worden. Agnieszka Pikulicka-Wilczewska macht in ihrer Reportage aus Kabul vor allem mangelnde Sicherheit, Korruption und eine unsichere Rechtslage dafür verantwortlich. "While last month the Ministry of Mining and Petroleum announced 43 new tenders for natural resources projects across 16 provinces, including 29 for local companies, analysts have said it will take time to build trust between the government and investors. According to Integrity Watch, an Afghan transparency watchdog, the new legal framework leaves a lot to be desired and is unlikely to improve the situation in the industry. 'The initial intention was to review legislation, cancel bad contracts and build institutional capacity during one-year time and then do new contracts,' Naser Timory, head of advocacy and communications, told Al Jazeera. 'However, it took the government four years to complete the mentioned tasks and therefore the majority of business was halted during this time. It affected legitimate business and probably fuelled illegal mining.' He argued that the government's policy should not favour large contracts, which are difficult to oversee due to security and the political situation in the country, and rather focus on small and medium tenders for local contractors. Large foreign investments, such as the proposed Chinese copper contract in Mes Aynak, have largely failed."

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28.05.2019

"HRW: Abuses in Egypt's Sinai amount to war crimes"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/05/hrw-abuses-egypt-sinai-amount-war-crimes-190528065142778.html

Die Menschenrechtsorganisation Human Rights Watch (HRW) wirft den ägyptischen Sicherheitsbehörden vor, bei ihrem Vorgehen gegen Extremisten auf der Sinai-Halbinsel zahlreiche Menschenrechtsverletzungen begangen zu haben. "In a 134-page report titled If You Are Afraid for Your Lives, Leave Sinai!, the group said it documented arbitrary arrests, enforced disappearances, torture, extrajudicial killings, forced evictions, and possibly unlawful air and ground attacks against civilians. 'Some of these abuses, part of an ongoing campaign against members of the local ISIS affiliate, the Wilayat Sina' [Sinai Province group], amount to war crimes,' the report said. ISIS is an alternative acronym for the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant group (ISIL). (...) 'Instead of protecting Sinai residents in their fight against militants, the Egyptian security forces have shown utter contempt to residents' lives, turning their daily life into a nonstop nightmare of abuses,' said Michael Page, HRW's deputy director for the Middle East and North Africa region. (...) The HRW report called on the United States, which gives $1.5bn annually in aid, and Egypt's other international partners to halt military and security assistance."

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26.05.2019

"UN peacekeeping faces budget crisis, countries don't pay share"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/05/peacekeeping-faces-budget-crisis-countries-dont-pay-share-19052612
2705767.html

James Bays berichtet in diesem Videobeitrag für Al Jazeera über die Haushaltskrise der UN-Friedenstruppen. Ausbleibende Beiträge von Mitgliedstaaten, darunter besonders von den USA, hätten zu einem Finanzloch von 1,9 Milliarden US-Dollar geführt. "The United Nations is holding its annual events honouring the work of its peacekeepers serving around the world. There are at least 100,000 on active duty, deployed to some of the world's most dangerous places, and 98 were killed last year alone. But the tributes come as operations face an unprecedented budget crisis."

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22.05.2019

"Nuclear war risk highest since WWII, UN arms research chief warns"

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/05/nuclear-war-risk-highest-wwii-arms-research-chief-warns-1905220109
14869.html

Renata Dwan, Direktorin des Instituts der Vereinten Nationen für Abrüstungsforschung (UNIDIR), hat darauf aufmerksam gemacht, dass alle Atomwaffenstaaten dabei seien, ihre Arsenale zu modernisieren. Es sei eine globale sicherheitspolitische Situation entstanden, in der das Risiko eines Atomkriegs so hoch sei wie seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg nicht mehr. "Speaking to reporters in the Swiss city of Geneva on Tuesday, Renata Dwan (...) said the arms-control landscape was changing - partly due to strategic competition between the United States and China - and noted that all states with nuclear weapons have nuclear modernisation programmes under way. Traditional arms-control arrangements were also being eroded by the emergence of new types of war, with an increasing prevalence of armed groups and private sector forces and new technologies that blurred the line between offence and defence, Dwan said. With disarmament talks at a stalemate for the past two decades, 122 countries have signed a treaty to ban nuclear weapons, partly out of frustration and partly out of a recognition of the risks, she said. 'I think that it's genuinely a call to recognise - and this has been somewhat missing in the media coverage of the issues - that the risks of nuclear war are particularly high now, and the risks of the use of nuclear weapons, for some of the factors I pointed out, are higher now than at any time since World War II'."

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