US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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09.10.2019

"Turkey boosts troops to cross Syria border 'shortly'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-49978567

Die BBC berichtet über die Vorbereitungen des türkischen Militärs für einen Einmarsch in den Norden Syriens. "Convoys of trucks with armoured personnel carriers and tanks were seen heading to the Turkish border town of Akcakale on Tuesday night. Images of buses carrying personnel were shown by state news agency Anadolu. Turkey is planning to create a 32km (20-mile) deep 'safe zone' running for 480km (300 miles) along the Syrian side of the border. (...) Initial indications suggest a limited incursion by Turkey along a 100km stretch of the border between the towns of Tal Abyad and Ras al-Ain. It is a sparsely populated, mostly Arab, area and it is unclear what conflict with Kurdish forces would take place. US troops have already withdrawn from four border positions there, but they have not withdrawn from positions further east and west."

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07.10.2019

"Trump makes way for Turkey operation against Kurds in Syria"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-49956698

Die US-Regierung hat angekündigt, ihre Truppen im Norden Syriens im Vorfeld der geplanten türkischen Offensive zur Errichtung einer "Safe Zone" zurückzuziehen. Für das kurdische Militärbündnis SDF sei diese Entscheidung ein schwerer Rückschlag, schreibt die BBC. Jonathan Marcus kritisiert die Entscheidung: "This represents a significant shift in US policy - President Trump acting against the advice of many in the Pentagon and state department. It risks a recasting of alliances in Syria. The Kurds may be forced to seek an accommodation with the Assad government. The potential chaos could facilitate a resurgence of IS. Indeed the US withdrawal of its forces from the border area may herald the full withdrawal of troops from Syria that Mr Trump has long wanted. It marks a betrayal of Washington's Kurdish allies, a betrayal that many other countries in the region will note with alarm. Both the Saudis and the Israelis are increasingly realising that Mr Trump's robust rhetoric is rarely matched by actions."

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03.10.2019

"North Korea tests submarine-capable missile fired from sea"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-49915224

Nordkorea hat mit einem neuen Raketentest demonstriert, dass es Atomraketen auch mit einem U-Boot abfeuern könnte. Der BBC zufolge könnte Nordkorea damit theoretisch auch Hawaii bedrohen. Ankit Panda warnt vor den Konsequenzen dieser neuen Entwicklung. "North Korea's introduction of the Pukguksong-3 submarine-launched ballistic missile is a grave moment for North East Asian regional security - and a reminder of what has been lost over nearly two years of all-show-no-substance diplomacy. (...) The Pukguksong-3, if it had been flown at a more normal angle, could have reached all of Japan's four main islands and all of South Korea from the centre of the Sea of Japan. Most seriously, it represents the largest-ever solid-fuel system seen in North Korea. Solid-fuel missiles have many advantages over their liquid-fuel counterparts. They offer greater responsiveness and flexibility; unlike their liquid counterparts, they do not require extensive fuelling and preparation before use. This test underscores why the United States must make extensive efforts to freeze North Korea's qualitative progress on missile technologies."

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01.10.2019

"Hong Kong anger after China's military parade"

https://www.bbc.com/news/live/world-asia-china-49822687

Die BBC berichtet über die anlässlich der Militärparade zum 70. Jahrestag der Gründung der Volksrepublik China neu aufgeflammten Proteste in Hongkong. "We're seeing a change of mood in Hong Kong now. Local media are reporting that live warning shots have been fired by officers in the Nathan Road area of Kowloon - still a rare event in these months of unrest. The BBC's Tessa Wong in the Admiralty area says multiple rounds of tear gas has been fired there, and police are spraying blue water, which is used to identify protesters who leave the scene. Another colleague on the ground reports that several motorbikes in Wong Tai Sin caught fire after protesters threw petrol bombs. Before that, police officers and reporters were injured after protesters allegedly splashed corrosive liquid in the residential district of Tuen Mun, the BBC's Grace Tsoi in Hong Kong reports."

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29.09.2019

"Afghan presidential election: Tense wait after day of attacks"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-49794057

Die afghanischen Präsidentschaftswahlen sind der BBC zufolge mit viel Gewalt und offenbar geringer Wahlbeteiligung zu Ende gegangen. "Low turnout was widely reported, as many voters were worried about security following threats from the Taliban. The twice-delayed vote on Sunday took place after Taliban-US peace talks had collapsed earlier this month. The two main candidates are the incumbent, Ashraf Ghani, and chief executive, Abdullah Abdullah, who shared power since 2014. (...) The Independent Election Commission of Afghanistan expects to announce the results in three weeks."

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16.09.2019

"Turkey says three million could return to safe zone in Syria"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-49719284

Der türkische Präsident Erdogan hat die Rückkehr von bis zu drei Millionen syrischen Flüchtlingen in die von ihm angestrebte "Safe Zone" im Norden Syriens in Aussicht gestellt. "Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the zone - which is already being set up in co-operation with the US - needed to be extended for the goal to be met. US-backed Kurdish fighters earlier moved back from a strip of Syrian territory along the Turkish border. Turkey regards the Kurdish forces as terrorists. Mr Erdogan's comments came after talks in Ankara with the presidents of Russia and Iran, Vladimir Putin and Hassan Rouhani. The Kurds have yet to respond to Mr Erdogan's plan, but they are almost certain to bitterly oppose it, the BBC's Alan Johnston reports. Earlier this month, Turkey warned it might reopen the route for Syrian refugees to enter Europe if it did not get more international support for the 'safe zone' in northern Syria. Turkey is hosting more than 3.6 million Syrians who have fled the civil war that began in 2011."

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16.09.2019

"Saudi oil attacks: US says intelligence shows Iran involved"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-49712417

Der Angriff auf zwei saudi-arabische Ölanlagen hat die schwelende Krise zwischen den USA und dem Iran wieder angefacht. US-Präsident Trump hat den Verantwortlichen implizit mit militärischer Vergeltung gedroht. "The United States has issued satellite images and cited intelligence to back its claim that Iran was behind attacks on Saudi oil facilities. Iran denies involvement in Saturday's air attacks, which were claimed by Iran-aligned Houthi rebels in Yemen. But unnamed US officials speaking to US and international media say the direction and extent of the attacks cast doubt on Houthi involvement. (...) Unnamed US officials have been speaking to the New York Times, ABC and Reuters. One official said there were 19 points of impact on the targets and the attacks had come from the west and north-west - not Houthi-controlled territory in Yemen, which lies to the south-west of the Saudi oil facilities. The officials said that could suggest launch sites in the northern Gulf, Iran or Iraq."

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14.09.2019

"Saudi Arabia oil facilities ablaze after drone strikes"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-49699429

Die Huthi-Rebellen in Jemen haben eigenen Angaben zufolge erfolgreiche Drohnenangriffe auf zwei wichtige saudi-arabische Öl-Anlagen durchgeführt. "Footage showed a huge blaze at Abqaiq, site of Aramco's largest oil processing plant, while a second drone attack started fires in the Khurais oilfield. The fires are now under control at both facilities, state media said. A spokesman for the Iran-aligned Houthi group in Yemen said it had deployed 10 drones in the attacks. The military spokesman, Yahya Sarea, told al-Masirah TV, which is owned by the Houthi movement and is based in Beirut, that further attacks could be expected in the future. He said Saturday's attack was one of the biggest operations the Houthi forces had undertaken inside Saudi Arabia and was carried out in 'co-operation with the honourable people inside the kingdom'. Saudi Arabia is said to be shutting down around half of its oil output, the Wall Street Journal reports."

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11.09.2019

"Arab nations condemn Netanyahu's Jordan Valley annexation plan"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-49657915

Israels Ministerpräsident Netanjahu hat angekündigt, im Fall seines Wahlsiegs am 17. September große Teile des palästinensischen Westjordanlands zu annektieren. "The BBC's Middle East Correspondent, Tom Bateman, says the prime minister's announcement is likely to help him shore up support on the political right. Blue and White's co-leader, Yair Lapid, hit out at Mr Netanyahu, insisting he 'doesn't want to annex territories, he wants to annex votes'. 'This is an election trick and it's not even a particularly successful trick because the lie is so transparent,' he said. (...) The Arab League said Mr Netanyahu's plan would violate international law and 'torpedo' the foundations of peace. Senior Palestinian official Hanan Ashrawi told AFP news agency Mr Netanyahu was 'not only destroying the two-state solution, he is destroying all chances of peace.'"

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10.09.2019

"Rohingya crisis: Villages destroyed for government facilities"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-49596113

Die Regierung in Myanmar hat der BBC zufolge ganze Rohingya-Dörfer zerstört, um an ihrer Stelle Regierungsgebäude und Flüchtlingscamps zu errichten. "On a government tour, the BBC saw four locations where secure facilities have been built on what satellite images show were once Rohingya settlements. Officials denied building on top of the villages in Rakhine state. In 2017 more than 700,000 Rohingya fled Myanmar during a military operation. The UN has described it as 'textbook ethnic cleansing'. Myanmar (also called Burma) has denied large-scale killings by its forces. (...) The government took us to Hla Poe Kaung transit camp, which it says can house 25,000 returnees, who would stay for two months before moving to permanent housing. The camp, which was completed nearly a year ago, is in poor condition; the communal toilets have fallen apart. It was built on the site of two Rohingya villages, Haw Ri Tu Lar and Thar Zay Kone, demolished after the 2017 violence."

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07.09.2019

"Ukraine and Russia exchange prisoners in landmark deal"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-49610107

Die BBC berichtet über den Vollzug des zwischen Russland und der Ukraine vereinbarten Gefangenenaustausches. "Those freed include 24 Ukrainian sailors and - controversially - a 'person of interest' over the downing of flight MH17 which killed 298 people. The swap is hoped to ease tensions between the two neighbours. Greeting the Ukrainians at the airport, President Volodymyr Zelensky said: 'We have to do all the steps to finish this horrible war.' Russia said it was glad its citizens had returned home. (...) Russian officials have said progress towards a prisoner release is vital for improving the 'atmosphere surrounding a settlement of the Ukrainian crisis'. Negotiations on the extremely sensitive issue were held in complete secrecy, with both Ukrainian and Russian officials stressing that any leaks could derail the swap."

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27.08.2019

"Syrian Kurdish fighters 'pulling back' from Turkey border"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-49485698

Die kurdische YPG-Miliz habe mit dem Rückzug ihrer Kämpfer aus dem syrischen Grenzgebiet zur Türkei begonnen, berichtet die BBC. Die Maßnahme sei Teil der Umsetzung einer Vereinbarung zwischen den USA und der Türkei zur Einrichtung einer "Safe Zone". "The Kurdish-led Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria confirmed on Tuesday that the YPG had 'removed some military fortifications' and 'begun withdrawing a unit and heavy weapons' in the Ras al-Ain area over the weekend, and that similar steps were taken in Tal Abyad on Monday. (...) The US has not specified the size of the 'safe zone', but Turkey wants it to be 30-40km (19-25 miles) deep. SDF spokesman Mustafa Bali told Reuters news agency on Tuesday that it would be only 5-14km (3-9 miles) deep and would include rural areas and military positions, not cities or towns."

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25.08.2019

"Israel says it struck Iranian 'killer drone' sites in Syria"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-49464546

Das israelische Militär hat in seltener Offenheit über einen Lufteinsatz gegen iranische Stellungen in Syrien informiert. Ziel der Operation sollen "Killer-Drohnen" gewesen sein, die gegen Israel eingesetzt werden sollten. "PM Benjamin Netanyahu hailed his military's 'major operational effort'. Israel is believed to have carried out hundreds of strikes in Syria since civil war broke out there in 2011, to try to prevent Iran gaining a foothold. An Israeli military spokesman said the strikes on Saturday targeted Iran's Quds force in Aqraba, south-east of the capital, Damascus. (...) Separately, reports said two Israeli surveillance drones had come down in a stronghold of the Iran-backed militant group Hezbollah in the Lebanese capital Beirut. (...) Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri called Israel's alleged surveillance drones a 'blatant attack on Lebanon's sovereignty'. 'This new aggression... forms a threat to regional stability and an attempt to push the situation towards more tension,' he said in a statement."

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11.08.2019

"Norway mosque shooting probed as terror act"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-49311482

Die BBC berichtet über den Angriff eines mutmaßlichen Rechtsextremisten auf eine Moschee in Norwegen. "A shooting at a mosque in Norway is being investigated as a possible act of terrorism, police say. A gunman opened fire on the Al-Noor Islamic Centre, on the outskirts of the capital Oslo, on Saturday. One person in the mosque managed to overpower the gunman and was injured in the process. The suspect was arrested after the attack. Police have also charged the suspect with murder after his 17-year-old stepsister was found dead. Acting chief of the police operation Rune Skjold said that the suspect, described as a white male, had been known to police before the incident but could not be described as someone with a 'criminal background'. Mr Skjold said that the man appeared to hold 'far-right' and 'anti-immigrant' views and had expressed sympathy for Vidkun Quisling, the leader of Norway's collaborationist government during the Nazi occupation."

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10.08.2019

"Inside Kashmir's lockdown: 'Even I will pick up a gun'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-49294301

Die BBC-Korrespondentin Geeta Pandey berichtet aus dem weitgehend abgesperrten Kaschmir, dass die Aufhebung des regionalen Sonderstatus durch die indische Regierung von vielen Bewohnern als "Verrat" betrachtet werde. "Across the Muslim-majority Kashmir valley, I meet men who tell me they no longer want to live life in fear of the security forces. An insurgency has been taking place here for 30 years, but what residents call a 'dictatorial order' from far-away Delhi has pushed people who never supported separatism into a corner. They say it will have serious consequences for both Kashmir and India. This is very much the dominant sentiment everywhere I go - anger mixed with fear and worry, and a fierce determination to resist the central government's move."

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05.08.2019

"Article 370: India strips disputed Kashmir of special status"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-49231619

Die indische Regierung hat den Sonderstatus Kaschmirs aufgehoben. Experten erwarten neue Unruhen in der umstrittenen Region. "Article 370 is sensitive because it is what guarantees significant autonomy for the Muslim-majority state. There has been a long-running insurgency on the Indian side. Nuclear powers India and Pakistan have fought two wars and a limited conflict over Kashmir since 1947. Pakistan has condemned India's decision to revoke the special status of its part of Kashmir as illegal, saying it would 'exercise all possible options' to counter it."

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04.08.2019

"El Paso and Dayton: Two mass shootings - Will anything change?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-49229654

Anthony Zurcher bezweifelt, dass die Massaker von El Paso und Dayton zu effektiven Veränderungen in den Waffengesetzen der USA führen werden. Zwar werde die Bedrohung durch "militante weiße Nationalisten" in beiden Parteien zunehmend anerkannt. Trotzdem bleibe ein legislativer Durchbruch im Kongress unwahrscheinlich. "The Senate roadblocks to national legislation outlined earlier are very real and very significant. What's more, the Senate is currently in recess until September, and if the past is any indication, the intensity of calls for gun control diminish as the tragedies recede from memory. The president's support - or even his signature on legislation that is passed - is also not guaranteed. (...) Although Mr Trump tweeted a condemnation of the El Paso shooting as a 'hateful act', he will be pressed to go further in condemning white nationalist violence. The fact that Democrats are accusing him of contributing to the rhetorical environment that encourages such bloodshed might make the president disinclined to take more concrete action. He could view doing so as tacitly admitting responsibility or fault - something Mr Trump has proven he is loath to do. (...) The more Democratic candidates like Mr O'Rourke lob accusations at the president, the more probable it is that he will dig in, fire back and further fan the flames. Such an environment is hardly conducive to bipartisan solutions in Congress."

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25.07.2019

"Iran tanker seizure: What's so important about a ship's flag?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-49083108

Die BBC erklärt nach der Festsetzung des britischen Tankers "Stena Impero" im Golf, warum das Schiff unter britischer Flagge unterwegs war, obwohl es einem schwedischen Unternehmen gehört und keine Briten an Bord waren. "Every merchant ship must register with a country, known as a flagged state. Under the open-registry system, 'flags of convenience' as they are sometimes known, can be flown by any vessel regardless of the nationality of the owners. (...) Ship-owners choose a flag state for a range of commercial reasons. They include regulations, taxes and the quality of the service provided, maritime security expert Ioannis Chapsos says. (...) This system of 'flags of convenience' has been criticised because of the potential for looser regulation and even the flouting of international maritime rules. But shipping practices are generally seen as having improved significantly in the past three decades."

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24.07.2019

"Russia and South Korea spar over airspace 'intrusion'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-49091523

Nachdem sich Russland und Südkorea weiter über das angebliche Eindringen eines russischen Militärflugzeugs in den südkoreanischen Luftraum streiten, verweist Jonathan Marcus auf den für die USA bedenklichen Hintergrund des Vorfalls. "This first 'joint air patrol' involving Russian and Chinese long-range aircraft in the Asia Pacific region, sends a powerful signal of the developing military relationship between Moscow and Beijing. This still falls short of a formal alliance but their joint exercises are larger and more sophisticated. In turn this is a reflection of the ever closer economic and diplomatic ties between the two countries who, though they still have points of tension, are drawing ever closer together. They broadly share a similar world view, hostile to Western liberal democracy, eager to promote an alternative model, protective of their own national sovereignty, and often willing to ride rough-shod over that of others. This poses a huge challenge for US strategy. The nightmare in Washington is an ever closer relationship between an assertive, but declining Russia, and a rising China, which looks set to overtake the US as a technological and economic power in the years ahead."

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23.07.2019

"South Korea fires warning shots at Russian military aircraft"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-49079719

Laura Bicker, BBC-Korrespondentin in Südkorea, erläutert den möglichen Hintergrund des gemeldeten Eindringens eines russischen Militärflugzeugs in den südkoreanischen Luftraum. "It is also worth noting that the Russian aircraft appeared to have been taking part in exercises with the Chinese. In recent years, Seoul has become increasingly concerned about China's incursion in its airspace, including the use of spy planes, and has raised the issue with Beijing. Last year, China's People's Liberation Army took part in Russia's large-scale VOSTOK military exercises for the first time. It was a chance to show off their alliance and combined strength. They have done that again now, over the Korean peninsula - perhaps either testing or prodding a US ally, just as Donald Trump's National Security Advisor John Bolton arrives in Seoul."

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20.07.2019

"Sudan crisis: The ruthless mercenaries who run the country for gold"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-48987901

Alex de Waal stellt die Rapid Support Forces (RSF) vor, die für das Massaker an sudanesischen Demonstranten am 3. Juni verantwortlich gemacht werden. Die brutale Söldnergruppe sei gegenwärtig der wahre Herrscher in Sudan. "They are a new kind of regime: a hybrid of ethnic militia and business enterprise, a transnational mercenary force that has captured a state. Their commander is General Mohamed Hamdan 'Hemeti' Dagolo, and he and his fighters have come a long way since their early days as a rag-tag Arab militia widely denigrated as the 'Janjaweed'. The RSF was formally established by decree of then-President Omar al-Bashir in 2013. But their core of 5,000 militiamen had been armed and active long before then. Their story begins in 2003, when Mr Bashir's government mobilised Arab herders to fight against black African insurgents in Darfur."

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20.07.2019

"Was the Iran tanker crisis avoidable?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-49054318

BBC-Korrespondent Jonathan Marcus erläutert, warum die britische Regierung auf die iranische Festsetzung eines britischen Tankers vorerst diplomatisch reagieren wolle. Der Vorfall werfe allerdings die Frage auf, ob die britische Beschlagnahme eines iranischen Tankers vor zwei Wochen sicherheitspolitisch wohl überlegt gewesen sei. "Given the highly fragile and volatile situation in the Gulf, together with the desperate need to bolster the flagging Iran nuclear accord, was it sensible to detain the vessel carrying Iranian oil off Gibraltar? Were the wider potential consequences adequately examined? What did ministers think Iran would do? And did they really believe that this arrest could be insulated from the wider crisis in the Gulf? Secondly, why was UK shipping not adequately protected in the Gulf? (...) The episode raises some uncomfortable issues regarding Britain's global maritime role. The UK has the pretence of playing a significant naval role in the Gulf. (...) Naval experts believe that the Royal Navy simply no longer has sufficient numbers of work-horses - frigates and destroyers - to be able to surge vessels into the Gulf when a crisis beckons. You clearly cannot be everywhere at once. Britain must tailor its armed forces according to its means. But this crisis did not erupt yesterday. And for whatever reason, the naval presence there was insufficient to prevent the seizure of a British merchant vessel. Perhaps Iran's warnings were not taken seriously enough?"

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15.07.2019

"Inside Iran: What Iranians think of stand-off with US"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48982482

Ein BBC-Team hat Iraner in Teheran und Ghom nach ihrer Meinung zum Atomkonflikt mit den USA gefragt. "'We Iranians have a very long history, and we're always standing up against difficulties,' says Hadi, who runs one of the small cafes that offer refreshments to passing hikers. (...) Hadi says that the Americans thought the sanctions would lead to rioting and the Iranian government would have no choice but to compromise. But he says the sanctions have done the exact opposite uniting both liberals and conservatives across the country. 'We have national unity here, and the more difficult the situation the more united the people become.' (...) Every Iranian I spoke to on this 10-day trip believed it was unlikely there would be a war with the United States, despite tensions escalating after the US blamed Iran for attacks on oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman and Iran shot down of a US surveillance drone over the Strait of Hormuz. (...) You have the hardline religious conservatives, as well as liberals - and probably a majority of Iranians who just want to keep their heads down. It's these divisions that President Trump believes he can exploit. Make no mistake, it's the hardliners who run this country. But when Iran is confronted by America, most Iranians, conservative or liberal, will put their country first."

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11.07.2019

"Strait of Hormuz: Iranian boats 'tried to intercept British tanker'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-48946051

Drei iranische Schiffe haben Medienberichten zufolge offenbar versucht, einen britischen Tanker in der Straße von Hormus abzufangen. "HMS Montrose, a British frigate shadowing the BP-owned tanker, was forced to move between the three boats and the tanker, a spokesman said. He described the Iranians' actions as 'contrary to international law'. (...) Guns on HMS Montrose were trained on the Iranian boats as they were ordered to back off, US media reported. The boats heeded the warning and no shots were fired. The BBC has been told British Heritage was near the island of Abu Musa when it was approached by the Iranian boats. Although Abu Musa is in disputed territorial waters, HMS Montrose remained in international waters throughout."

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07.07.2019

"Iran nuclear deal: Government announces enrichment breach"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48899243

Der Iran hat gemäß des im Mai verkündeten Ultimatums angekündigt, die im Atomabkommen vereinbarte Höchstgrenze für die Anreicherung von Uran ab Sonntag zu überschreiten. Damit reagiert Teheran nach eigenen Worten auf das Ausbleiben der versprochenen europäischen Maßnahmen zur Abfederung der US-Sanktionen. "Speaking at a press conference on Sunday at the end of that deadline, Mr Araqshi said Iran would start enriching uranium above a concentration of 3.67% within a few hours, to provide fuel for its Bushehr power plant. Officials previously said this would mean a concentration of about 5%. Weapons-grade uranium is 90% enriched or more. However, Iran's Atomic Energy Organisation spokesman Behrouz Kamalvandi said that Iran would not be making fuel for its Tehran reactor, which requires a concentration of 20%. 'We will enrich uranium based on our needs,' he said. 'Right now we don't need to enrich uranium for the Tehran reactor.' Mr Araqchi said Iran would keep reducing its commitment to the 2015 deal every 60 days. But he also stressed that diplomacy was still an option, provided the sanctions are lifted."

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25.06.2019

"'Climate apartheid' between rich and poor looms, UN expert warns"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-48755154

Der UN-Armutsexperte Philip Alston hat vor dem Entstehen einer "Klima-Apartheid" gewarnt, bei der sich die Reichen im Gegensatz zu Millionen Armen vor den katastrophalen Folgen des Klimawandels schützen. "Developing nations are expected to suffer at least 75% of the costs of climate change – despite the fact that the poorer half of the world's population generate just 10% of emissions. Those 'who have contributed the least to emissions... will be the most harmed,' he said, warning that the effects could undo 50 years of progress on poverty reduction. (...) Mr Alston cites examples of how the wealthy in Western nations already cope with extreme weather events. When Hurricane Sandy hit New York in 2012, most citizens were left without power, yet 'the Goldman Sachs headquarters was protected by tens of thousands of its own sandbags and power from its generator.' Similarly, 'private white-glove firefighters have been dispatched to save the mansions' of the wealthy. This 'over-reliance' on the private sector would likely lead to what he termed 'climate apartheid' – where the rich 'escape overheating, hunger, and conflict'. As far back as 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that the 'poorest of the poor in the world... are going to be the worst hit'."

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24.06.2019

"The Arab world in seven charts: Are Arabs turning their backs on religion?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48703377

Eine im Auftrag der BBC vorgenommene Umfrage ist zu dem Ergebnis gekommen, dass es im Nahen Osten immer mehr Menschen gibt, die sich von der Religion abwenden. "Arabs are increasingly saying they are no longer religious, according to the largest and most in-depth survey undertaken of the Middle East and North Africa. The finding is one of a number on how Arabs feel about a wide range of issues, from women's rights and migration to security and sexuality. More than 25,000 people were interviewed for the survey - for BBC News Arabic by the Arab Barometer research network - across 10 countries and the Palestinian territories between late 2018 and spring 2019. Here are some of the results."

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20.06.2019

"Strait of Hormuz: US confirms drone was shot down by Iranian missile"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48700965

Der mittlerweile von den USA bestätigte Abschuss einer Überwachungsdrohne der US Navy durch den Iran ist Jonathan Marcus zufolge der erste direkte militärische Zusammenstoß beider Länder in der aktuellen Krise. "As far as the Iranians are concerned, the downing of the drone was intended to send a clear and explicit message to the Americans – 'our borders are our red line' - a point underscored by the IRGC's commander-in-chief. So there is no doubting who shot down the US drone, an MQ-4C Triton. It is a massive aircraft with a wing-span equivalent to a small airliner. But the two sides differ as to where it happened. The Iranians say it was in their airspace; the Americans say that it was not. According to some reports, US President Donald Trump himself is eager to dial down the tension, fearing a spill-over into outright conflict. But this is just the kind of incident that could provoke just such a cycle of action and response."

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19.06.2019

"Khashoggi, MH17, the West and the problem of impunity"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-48695835

Jonathan Marcus erwartet sowohl im Fall des neuen UN-Berichts zum Mord an Jamal Khashoggi als auch im Fall der Anklage eines internationalen Ermittlerteams wegen des Abschusses des Flugs MH17 in der Ukraine politische, aber keine rechtlichen Konsequenzen. "Do we live in a world governed by international law, or one where an individual state's interests hold sway? If people are murdered as a result of a state's actions or by actions taken by individuals associated with that state, what recourse should there be? And does it matter if that state is a strategic ally – or a potential foe? The reports from the Dutch-led investigation into the shooting down of a Malaysian airliner (MH17) over Ukraine and that of the special rapporteur appointed by the UN's Human Rights Council to investigate the unlawful death of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi, raise all these questions and more. (...) In one sense, the publication of today's two reports in part confirms what we already know. (...) But what these new documents do is ensure that neither controversy is going to go away – and this will have consequences, not least of which is further complicating relations between the West and Moscow on the one hand, and with Riyadh on the other. (...) None of the individuals who face charges in the Dutch courts are likely ever to appear for their trial. It is even more unlikely that the Saudi Crown Prince will face an independent legal investigation."

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18.06.2019

"Inside China’s 'thought transformation' camps"

https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-asia-china-48667221/inside-china-s-thought-transformation-camps

Die BBC hat Zugang zu einem der umstrittenen chinesischen Umerziehungslager erhalten, in denen Berichten zufolge über eine Million muslimische Uiguren festgehalten werden. "The BBC has been given rare access to the vast system of highly secure facilities thought to be holding more than a million Muslims in China’s western region of Xinjiang. Authorities there insist they are just training schools. But the BBC’s visit uncovers important evidence about the nature of the system and the conditions for the people inside it."

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