US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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11.08.2019

"Norway mosque shooting probed as terror act"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-49311482

Die BBC berichtet über den Angriff eines mutmaßlichen Rechtsextremisten auf eine Moschee in Norwegen. "A shooting at a mosque in Norway is being investigated as a possible act of terrorism, police say. A gunman opened fire on the Al-Noor Islamic Centre, on the outskirts of the capital Oslo, on Saturday. One person in the mosque managed to overpower the gunman and was injured in the process. The suspect was arrested after the attack. Police have also charged the suspect with murder after his 17-year-old stepsister was found dead. Acting chief of the police operation Rune Skjold said that the suspect, described as a white male, had been known to police before the incident but could not be described as someone with a 'criminal background'. Mr Skjold said that the man appeared to hold 'far-right' and 'anti-immigrant' views and had expressed sympathy for Vidkun Quisling, the leader of Norway's collaborationist government during the Nazi occupation."

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10.08.2019

"Inside Kashmir's lockdown: 'Even I will pick up a gun'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-49294301

Die BBC-Korrespondentin Geeta Pandey berichtet aus dem weitgehend abgesperrten Kaschmir, dass die Aufhebung des regionalen Sonderstatus durch die indische Regierung von vielen Bewohnern als "Verrat" betrachtet werde. "Across the Muslim-majority Kashmir valley, I meet men who tell me they no longer want to live life in fear of the security forces. An insurgency has been taking place here for 30 years, but what residents call a 'dictatorial order' from far-away Delhi has pushed people who never supported separatism into a corner. They say it will have serious consequences for both Kashmir and India. This is very much the dominant sentiment everywhere I go - anger mixed with fear and worry, and a fierce determination to resist the central government's move."

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05.08.2019

"Article 370: India strips disputed Kashmir of special status"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-49231619

Die indische Regierung hat den Sonderstatus Kaschmirs aufgehoben. Experten erwarten neue Unruhen in der umstrittenen Region. "Article 370 is sensitive because it is what guarantees significant autonomy for the Muslim-majority state. There has been a long-running insurgency on the Indian side. Nuclear powers India and Pakistan have fought two wars and a limited conflict over Kashmir since 1947. Pakistan has condemned India's decision to revoke the special status of its part of Kashmir as illegal, saying it would 'exercise all possible options' to counter it."

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04.08.2019

"El Paso and Dayton: Two mass shootings - Will anything change?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-49229654

Anthony Zurcher bezweifelt, dass die Massaker von El Paso und Dayton zu effektiven Veränderungen in den Waffengesetzen der USA führen werden. Zwar werde die Bedrohung durch "militante weiße Nationalisten" in beiden Parteien zunehmend anerkannt. Trotzdem bleibe ein legislativer Durchbruch im Kongress unwahrscheinlich. "The Senate roadblocks to national legislation outlined earlier are very real and very significant. What's more, the Senate is currently in recess until September, and if the past is any indication, the intensity of calls for gun control diminish as the tragedies recede from memory. The president's support - or even his signature on legislation that is passed - is also not guaranteed. (...) Although Mr Trump tweeted a condemnation of the El Paso shooting as a 'hateful act', he will be pressed to go further in condemning white nationalist violence. The fact that Democrats are accusing him of contributing to the rhetorical environment that encourages such bloodshed might make the president disinclined to take more concrete action. He could view doing so as tacitly admitting responsibility or fault - something Mr Trump has proven he is loath to do. (...) The more Democratic candidates like Mr O'Rourke lob accusations at the president, the more probable it is that he will dig in, fire back and further fan the flames. Such an environment is hardly conducive to bipartisan solutions in Congress."

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25.07.2019

"Iran tanker seizure: What's so important about a ship's flag?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-49083108

Die BBC erklärt nach der Festsetzung des britischen Tankers "Stena Impero" im Golf, warum das Schiff unter britischer Flagge unterwegs war, obwohl es einem schwedischen Unternehmen gehört und keine Briten an Bord waren. "Every merchant ship must register with a country, known as a flagged state. Under the open-registry system, 'flags of convenience' as they are sometimes known, can be flown by any vessel regardless of the nationality of the owners. (...) Ship-owners choose a flag state for a range of commercial reasons. They include regulations, taxes and the quality of the service provided, maritime security expert Ioannis Chapsos says. (...) This system of 'flags of convenience' has been criticised because of the potential for looser regulation and even the flouting of international maritime rules. But shipping practices are generally seen as having improved significantly in the past three decades."

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24.07.2019

"Russia and South Korea spar over airspace 'intrusion'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-49091523

Nachdem sich Russland und Südkorea weiter über das angebliche Eindringen eines russischen Militärflugzeugs in den südkoreanischen Luftraum streiten, verweist Jonathan Marcus auf den für die USA bedenklichen Hintergrund des Vorfalls. "This first 'joint air patrol' involving Russian and Chinese long-range aircraft in the Asia Pacific region, sends a powerful signal of the developing military relationship between Moscow and Beijing. This still falls short of a formal alliance but their joint exercises are larger and more sophisticated. In turn this is a reflection of the ever closer economic and diplomatic ties between the two countries who, though they still have points of tension, are drawing ever closer together. They broadly share a similar world view, hostile to Western liberal democracy, eager to promote an alternative model, protective of their own national sovereignty, and often willing to ride rough-shod over that of others. This poses a huge challenge for US strategy. The nightmare in Washington is an ever closer relationship between an assertive, but declining Russia, and a rising China, which looks set to overtake the US as a technological and economic power in the years ahead."

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23.07.2019

"South Korea fires warning shots at Russian military aircraft"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-49079719

Laura Bicker, BBC-Korrespondentin in Südkorea, erläutert den möglichen Hintergrund des gemeldeten Eindringens eines russischen Militärflugzeugs in den südkoreanischen Luftraum. "It is also worth noting that the Russian aircraft appeared to have been taking part in exercises with the Chinese. In recent years, Seoul has become increasingly concerned about China's incursion in its airspace, including the use of spy planes, and has raised the issue with Beijing. Last year, China's People's Liberation Army took part in Russia's large-scale VOSTOK military exercises for the first time. It was a chance to show off their alliance and combined strength. They have done that again now, over the Korean peninsula - perhaps either testing or prodding a US ally, just as Donald Trump's National Security Advisor John Bolton arrives in Seoul."

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20.07.2019

"Sudan crisis: The ruthless mercenaries who run the country for gold"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-48987901

Alex de Waal stellt die Rapid Support Forces (RSF) vor, die für das Massaker an sudanesischen Demonstranten am 3. Juni verantwortlich gemacht werden. Die brutale Söldnergruppe sei gegenwärtig der wahre Herrscher in Sudan. "They are a new kind of regime: a hybrid of ethnic militia and business enterprise, a transnational mercenary force that has captured a state. Their commander is General Mohamed Hamdan 'Hemeti' Dagolo, and he and his fighters have come a long way since their early days as a rag-tag Arab militia widely denigrated as the 'Janjaweed'. The RSF was formally established by decree of then-President Omar al-Bashir in 2013. But their core of 5,000 militiamen had been armed and active long before then. Their story begins in 2003, when Mr Bashir's government mobilised Arab herders to fight against black African insurgents in Darfur."

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20.07.2019

"Was the Iran tanker crisis avoidable?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-49054318

BBC-Korrespondent Jonathan Marcus erläutert, warum die britische Regierung auf die iranische Festsetzung eines britischen Tankers vorerst diplomatisch reagieren wolle. Der Vorfall werfe allerdings die Frage auf, ob die britische Beschlagnahme eines iranischen Tankers vor zwei Wochen sicherheitspolitisch wohl überlegt gewesen sei. "Given the highly fragile and volatile situation in the Gulf, together with the desperate need to bolster the flagging Iran nuclear accord, was it sensible to detain the vessel carrying Iranian oil off Gibraltar? Were the wider potential consequences adequately examined? What did ministers think Iran would do? And did they really believe that this arrest could be insulated from the wider crisis in the Gulf? Secondly, why was UK shipping not adequately protected in the Gulf? (...) The episode raises some uncomfortable issues regarding Britain's global maritime role. The UK has the pretence of playing a significant naval role in the Gulf. (...) Naval experts believe that the Royal Navy simply no longer has sufficient numbers of work-horses - frigates and destroyers - to be able to surge vessels into the Gulf when a crisis beckons. You clearly cannot be everywhere at once. Britain must tailor its armed forces according to its means. But this crisis did not erupt yesterday. And for whatever reason, the naval presence there was insufficient to prevent the seizure of a British merchant vessel. Perhaps Iran's warnings were not taken seriously enough?"

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15.07.2019

"Inside Iran: What Iranians think of stand-off with US"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48982482

Ein BBC-Team hat Iraner in Teheran und Ghom nach ihrer Meinung zum Atomkonflikt mit den USA gefragt. "'We Iranians have a very long history, and we're always standing up against difficulties,' says Hadi, who runs one of the small cafes that offer refreshments to passing hikers. (...) Hadi says that the Americans thought the sanctions would lead to rioting and the Iranian government would have no choice but to compromise. But he says the sanctions have done the exact opposite uniting both liberals and conservatives across the country. 'We have national unity here, and the more difficult the situation the more united the people become.' (...) Every Iranian I spoke to on this 10-day trip believed it was unlikely there would be a war with the United States, despite tensions escalating after the US blamed Iran for attacks on oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman and Iran shot down of a US surveillance drone over the Strait of Hormuz. (...) You have the hardline religious conservatives, as well as liberals - and probably a majority of Iranians who just want to keep their heads down. It's these divisions that President Trump believes he can exploit. Make no mistake, it's the hardliners who run this country. But when Iran is confronted by America, most Iranians, conservative or liberal, will put their country first."

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11.07.2019

"Strait of Hormuz: Iranian boats 'tried to intercept British tanker'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-48946051

Drei iranische Schiffe haben Medienberichten zufolge offenbar versucht, einen britischen Tanker in der Straße von Hormus abzufangen. "HMS Montrose, a British frigate shadowing the BP-owned tanker, was forced to move between the three boats and the tanker, a spokesman said. He described the Iranians' actions as 'contrary to international law'. (...) Guns on HMS Montrose were trained on the Iranian boats as they were ordered to back off, US media reported. The boats heeded the warning and no shots were fired. The BBC has been told British Heritage was near the island of Abu Musa when it was approached by the Iranian boats. Although Abu Musa is in disputed territorial waters, HMS Montrose remained in international waters throughout."

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07.07.2019

"Iran nuclear deal: Government announces enrichment breach"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48899243

Der Iran hat gemäß des im Mai verkündeten Ultimatums angekündigt, die im Atomabkommen vereinbarte Höchstgrenze für die Anreicherung von Uran ab Sonntag zu überschreiten. Damit reagiert Teheran nach eigenen Worten auf das Ausbleiben der versprochenen europäischen Maßnahmen zur Abfederung der US-Sanktionen. "Speaking at a press conference on Sunday at the end of that deadline, Mr Araqshi said Iran would start enriching uranium above a concentration of 3.67% within a few hours, to provide fuel for its Bushehr power plant. Officials previously said this would mean a concentration of about 5%. Weapons-grade uranium is 90% enriched or more. However, Iran's Atomic Energy Organisation spokesman Behrouz Kamalvandi said that Iran would not be making fuel for its Tehran reactor, which requires a concentration of 20%. 'We will enrich uranium based on our needs,' he said. 'Right now we don't need to enrich uranium for the Tehran reactor.' Mr Araqchi said Iran would keep reducing its commitment to the 2015 deal every 60 days. But he also stressed that diplomacy was still an option, provided the sanctions are lifted."

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25.06.2019

"'Climate apartheid' between rich and poor looms, UN expert warns"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-48755154

Der UN-Armutsexperte Philip Alston hat vor dem Entstehen einer "Klima-Apartheid" gewarnt, bei der sich die Reichen im Gegensatz zu Millionen Armen vor den katastrophalen Folgen des Klimawandels schützen. "Developing nations are expected to suffer at least 75% of the costs of climate change – despite the fact that the poorer half of the world's population generate just 10% of emissions. Those 'who have contributed the least to emissions... will be the most harmed,' he said, warning that the effects could undo 50 years of progress on poverty reduction. (...) Mr Alston cites examples of how the wealthy in Western nations already cope with extreme weather events. When Hurricane Sandy hit New York in 2012, most citizens were left without power, yet 'the Goldman Sachs headquarters was protected by tens of thousands of its own sandbags and power from its generator.' Similarly, 'private white-glove firefighters have been dispatched to save the mansions' of the wealthy. This 'over-reliance' on the private sector would likely lead to what he termed 'climate apartheid' – where the rich 'escape overheating, hunger, and conflict'. As far back as 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that the 'poorest of the poor in the world... are going to be the worst hit'."

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24.06.2019

"The Arab world in seven charts: Are Arabs turning their backs on religion?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48703377

Eine im Auftrag der BBC vorgenommene Umfrage ist zu dem Ergebnis gekommen, dass es im Nahen Osten immer mehr Menschen gibt, die sich von der Religion abwenden. "Arabs are increasingly saying they are no longer religious, according to the largest and most in-depth survey undertaken of the Middle East and North Africa. The finding is one of a number on how Arabs feel about a wide range of issues, from women's rights and migration to security and sexuality. More than 25,000 people were interviewed for the survey - for BBC News Arabic by the Arab Barometer research network - across 10 countries and the Palestinian territories between late 2018 and spring 2019. Here are some of the results."

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20.06.2019

"Strait of Hormuz: US confirms drone was shot down by Iranian missile"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48700965

Der mittlerweile von den USA bestätigte Abschuss einer Überwachungsdrohne der US Navy durch den Iran ist Jonathan Marcus zufolge der erste direkte militärische Zusammenstoß beider Länder in der aktuellen Krise. "As far as the Iranians are concerned, the downing of the drone was intended to send a clear and explicit message to the Americans – 'our borders are our red line' - a point underscored by the IRGC's commander-in-chief. So there is no doubting who shot down the US drone, an MQ-4C Triton. It is a massive aircraft with a wing-span equivalent to a small airliner. But the two sides differ as to where it happened. The Iranians say it was in their airspace; the Americans say that it was not. According to some reports, US President Donald Trump himself is eager to dial down the tension, fearing a spill-over into outright conflict. But this is just the kind of incident that could provoke just such a cycle of action and response."

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19.06.2019

"Khashoggi, MH17, the West and the problem of impunity"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-48695835

Jonathan Marcus erwartet sowohl im Fall des neuen UN-Berichts zum Mord an Jamal Khashoggi als auch im Fall der Anklage eines internationalen Ermittlerteams wegen des Abschusses des Flugs MH17 in der Ukraine politische, aber keine rechtlichen Konsequenzen. "Do we live in a world governed by international law, or one where an individual state's interests hold sway? If people are murdered as a result of a state's actions or by actions taken by individuals associated with that state, what recourse should there be? And does it matter if that state is a strategic ally – or a potential foe? The reports from the Dutch-led investigation into the shooting down of a Malaysian airliner (MH17) over Ukraine and that of the special rapporteur appointed by the UN's Human Rights Council to investigate the unlawful death of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi, raise all these questions and more. (...) In one sense, the publication of today's two reports in part confirms what we already know. (...) But what these new documents do is ensure that neither controversy is going to go away – and this will have consequences, not least of which is further complicating relations between the West and Moscow on the one hand, and with Riyadh on the other. (...) None of the individuals who face charges in the Dutch courts are likely ever to appear for their trial. It is even more unlikely that the Saudi Crown Prince will face an independent legal investigation."

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18.06.2019

"Inside China’s 'thought transformation' camps"

https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-asia-china-48667221/inside-china-s-thought-transformation-camps

Die BBC hat Zugang zu einem der umstrittenen chinesischen Umerziehungslager erhalten, in denen Berichten zufolge über eine Million muslimische Uiguren festgehalten werden. "The BBC has been given rare access to the vast system of highly secure facilities thought to be holding more than a million Muslims in China’s western region of Xinjiang. Authorities there insist they are just training schools. But the BBC’s visit uncovers important evidence about the nature of the system and the conditions for the people inside it."

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17.06.2019

"Iran nuclear deal: Enriched uranium limit will be breached on 27 June"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48661843

Der Iran hat angekündigt, ab dem 27. Juni die im Atomabkommen vereinbarte Menge an angereichertem Uran zu überschreiten. Die europäischen Länder könnten darauf mit der Wiedereinsetzung ihrer Sanktionen reagieren, so die BBC. "Its atomic energy agency said Iran had quadrupled its production of the material, which is used to make reactor fuel and potentially nuclear weapons. But it added there was 'still time' for European countries to act by protecting Iran from reinstated US sanctions. The UK, France and Germany have warned Iran not to violate the deal. They have said they will have no choice but to reimpose their own sanctions, which were lifted in return for limits on the Iranian nuclear programme. Iran has complained that they have failed to abide by their commitments to mitigate the effects of the US sanctions that took effect after President Donald Trump abandoned the deal last year."

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11.06.2019

"Why does the Strait of Hormuz matter?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-middle-east-48586787/why-does-the-strait-of-hormuz-matter

Zwei Tage vor dem mutmaßlichen Angriff auf zwei Öltanker im Golf von Oman hat Parizad Nobakht in diesem kurzen Videobeitrag die große Bedeutung der Straße von Hormus, die den Golf von Oman mit dem Persischen Golf verbindet, erklärt. "There has been a deterioration in relations between the US and Iran since April, when the US ended sanctions exemptions, effectively banning all Iranian oil exports. Iran has threatened that if its oil exports are stopped, then no oil can pass the Strait of Hormuz. But, why is this strait so important?"

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05.06.2019

"ABC raid: Outcry as Australian police search public broadcaster"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-48522729

Einsatzkräfte der australischen Polizei sind mit Durchsuchungsbefehlen in ein Gebäude der öffentlichen Rundfunkanstalt ABC eingedrungen. Am Dienstag wurde die Wohnung einer weiteren Journalistin durchsucht. Auslöser der Einsätze sind ein 2017 veröffentlichter Enthüllungsbericht über mutmaßliche Kriegsverbrechen australischer Soldaten in Afghanistan und ein Bericht von 2018 über neue Überwachungspläne der Regierung. Jay Savage, Australien-Korrespondent der BBC, schreibt: "Australian journalists have reacted furiously, calling the raids 'outrageous' and 'chilling'; one editor said he'd 'never seen an assault on the media as savage'. Police insist that there is no link between the scouring of the ABC and a News Corp Australia journalist's home. But the timing is more than curious: two raids, on successive days, concerning stories that were published more than a year ago. Each piece explored matters of transparency in clandestine Australian institutions. Some suspect it is the whistleblowers - not the media - who are actually being targeted."

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21.05.2019

"Why Israel eyes the EU with distrust"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48333919

James Landale berichtet aus Tel Aviv, dass viele Israelis Europa heute ambivalent gegenüberstehen. "If you speak to Israelis, some will tell you how Europe is their biggest trading partner, how they love going on holiday there and of their many ancestral family connections. Yet many also say they see Europe as a source of anti-Semitism, a place where the Holocaust is becoming less prominent in the minds of a new generation of young people. And many also see Europe as a source of what they see as unfair criticism for their government's policies towards Gaza and the West Bank, coupled with a failure to understand Israel's existential security threat. 'They tend to view Europe as preaching solely at Israel and dismissing every other human rights violations in the world,' says Dahlia Scheindlin, a pollster and political strategist. 'They also see Europe as hypocritical because of Europe's own history with relation to the Jews. You hear this very commonly in Israel - 'look what they did to us just 70 years ago, and here they are telling us about human rights'.' There is little attempt, she adds, to understand a European political culture that favours liberal democracy and emphasises human and civil rights."

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20.05.2019

"Huawei's use of Android restricted by Google"

https://www.bbc.com/news/business-48330310

Die US-Regierung hat den Handel von US-Unternehmen mit Huawei wegen Spionage-Vorwürfen verboten. Google hat nun reagiert und angekündigt, die Geschäftsbeziehungen mit dem chinesischen IT-Unternehmen auszusetzen. "The latest move against Huawei marks an escalation in tensions between the firm and the US. The company is facing almost two dozen criminal charges filed by US authorities. Washington is also seeking the extradition of Huawei executive Meng Wangzou from Canada, where she was arrested in December at the behest of American officials. It comes as trade tensions between the US and China also appear to be rising. The world's two largest economies have been locked in a bruising trade battle for the past year that has seen tariffs imposed on billions of dollars worth of one another's goods."

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16.05.2019

"Trump declares national emergency over IT threats"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-48289550

Die BBC berichtet über das Dekret des US-Präsidenten, das US-Unternehmen den Einsatz ausländischer IT-Geräte, die eine Gefahr für die nationale Sicherheit darstellen, verbietet. Das Dekret richte sich faktisch gegen das chinesische Unternehmen Huawei. Die BBC-Korrespondentin Karishma Vaswani meint allerdings, dass eine andere Entscheidung der US-Regierung Huawei mehr schaden könnte. "Huawei consistently says that if the US bans Huawei from its networks, they are the ones to lose out, not Huawei. That is true. Even without the US market, Huawei is likely to control 40-60% of the networks around the world, industry analysts say. But what may hurt Huawei more is the US decision to put them on the 'entity list' - effectively banning American suppliers from selling to the firm. Huawei may not need the US market, but it certainly needs the key components that it gets from the US."

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10.05.2019

"Could desalination help prevent water wars in the Middle East?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/video_and_audio/headlines/48217277/could-desalination-help-prevent-water-wars-in
-the-middle-east

Experten befürchten, dass der Wassermangel im Nahen Osten bald zu offenen Konflikten zwischen den betroffenen Ländern führen könnte. Die BBC stellt in dieser Videoreportage ein israelisches Projekt zur Entsalzung von Meerwasser vor, einer Technologie, die in den vergangenen zehn Jahren große Fortschritte gemacht habe. "Israel now produces most of its drinking water from sea water, and other parts of the region are looking to do the same. But there are concerns about environmental damage caused by the shortage of rainfall and some desalination processes. Our Middle East correspondent Yolande Knell visited Hadera desalination plant in northern Israel and the Sea of Galilee."

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08.05.2019

"Asia Bibi: Christian leaves Pakistan after blasphemy acquittal"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-48198340

Die wegen Blasphemie zum Tode verurteilte und später freigesprochene Christin Asia Bibi hat Pakistan offenbar verlassen können. "She was originally convicted in 2010 after being accused of insulting the Prophet Muhammad in a row with her neighbours. Asia Bibi has always maintained her innocence in a case that has polarised Pakistan. Pakistani government officials did not reveal her destination, or say when she left. But her lawyer Saif ul Malook told the BBC she had already arrived in Canada, where two of her daughters are understood to have been granted asylum. (...) The Supreme Court's quashing of her sentence last October led to violent protests by religious hardliners who support strong blasphemy laws, while more liberal sections of society urged her release."

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05.05.2019

"Venezuela crisis: Guaidó 'considering asking US for military intervention'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-48172520

Oppositionsführer Guaidó hat gegenüber der BBC nicht ausgeschlossen, die USA um eine Militärintervention in Venezuela zu bitten. "Asked whether he would like Mr Trump and the US military to intervene, he responded it is 'responsible to evaluate' the possibility of international intervention, adding: 'I, as the president in charge of the national parliament, will evaluate all options if necessary.' (...) Mr Trump told reporters on Friday that he wasn't looking to get the US military involved in Venezuela. He said that in a call, Russian president Vladimir Putin had assured him that 'he is not looking to get involved in Venezuela other than he'd like to see something positive happen for Venezuela', before adding: 'And I feel the same way.' But Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had much stronger words for Russia on Sunday, telling the US broadcaster ABC that 'the Russians must get out'."

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03.05.2019

"Christian persecution 'at near genocide levels'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-48146305

Ein vom britischen Außenministerium beauftragter Bericht kommt der BBC zufolge zu dem Schluss, dass die weltweite Verfolgung von Christen nahezu das Ausmaß eines Genozids erreicht habe. Das Ausmaß der Krise werde in der Öffentlichkeit nach Ansicht von Außenminister Hunt auch aufgrund "politischer Korrektheit" nicht angemessen wahrgenommen. "The review, led by the Bishop of Truro the Right Reverend Philip Mounstephen, estimated that one in three people suffer from religious persecution. Christians were the most persecuted religious group, it found. [Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt] said he felt that 'political correctness' had played a part in the issue not being confronted. The interim report said the main impact of 'genocidal acts against Christians is exodus' and that Christianity faced being 'wiped out' from parts of the Middle East. It warned the religion 'is at risk of disappearing' in some parts of the world, pointing to figures which claimed Christians in Palestine represent less than 1.5% of the population, while in Iraq they had fallen from 1.5 million before 2003 to less than 120,000. 'Evidence shows not only the geographic spread of anti-Christian persecution, but also its increasing severity,' the Bishop wrote."

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02.05.2019

"Six charts that show how hard US sanctions have hit Iran"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48119109

Die BBC präsentiert sechs Diagramme und Grafiken, die verdeutlichen, welche Auswirkungen die US-Sanktionen auf die iranische Wirtschaft gehabt haben. "Iran's leaders have remained defiant in the face of the sanctions and vowed to overcome them, but the substantial impact they have had on the country is clear. Iran's economy was badly affected for several years by sanctions imposed by the international community over the country's nuclear programme. (...) The reinstatement of US sanctions last year - particularly those imposed on the energy, shipping and financial sectors in November - caused foreign investment to dry up and hit oil exports. The sanctions bar US companies from trading with Iran, but also with foreign firms or countries that are dealing with Iran. As a result Iran's GDP contracted by 3.9% in 2018, according to estimates from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The IMF said in late April that it expected the Iranian economy to shrink by 6% in 2019. However, that projection preceded the expiration of the sanctions waivers."

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27.04.2019

"Donald Trump to withdraw US from Arms Trade Treaty"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-48076262

US-Präsident Trump hat angekündigt, die Unterschrift der USA unter den UN-Vertrag über den Waffenhandel zurückzuziehen. Amtsvorgänger Obama hatte den Vertrag 2013 unterschrieben, der bisher allerdings nicht vom Kongress ratifiziert worden ist. "Mr Trump's move prompted condemnation from human rights groups. 'The United States will now lock arms with Iran, North Korea and Syria as non-signatories to this historic treaty whose sole purpose is to protect innocent people from deadly weapons,' said Oxfam America President Abby Maxman. The UK's shadow foreign secretary, Emily Thornberry, posted a tweet calling Mr Trump 'a disgrace to his office'. Ms Thornberry added: 'Donald Trump's statement on the Arms Trade Treaty is the final confirmation that he is not the Leader of the Free World, he never has been, and he does not deserve the honour of a State Visit to Britain.' However, Ted Bromund of the conservative US think tank The Heritage Foundation, criticised the treaty, saying it could 'only have the perverse effects of driving potential importers to buy from China or Russia' and other nations that are not party to the agreement."

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11.04.2019

"Omar al-Bashir: Sudan military coup topples ruler after protests"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-47891470

Das Militär Sudans hat Präsident al-Bashir in Reaktion auf die anhaltenden Proteste in einem Putsch gestürzt. "After nearly 30 years in power, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir has been ousted and arrested, the defence minister says. Speaking on state TV, Awad Ibn Ouf said the army had decided to oversee a two-year transitional period followed by elections. He also said a three-month state of emergency was being put in place. Protests against Mr Bashir, who has governed Sudan since 1989, have been under way for several months. Meanwhile, the main group that has been organising the demonstrations rejected the military statement and called on people to remain at a sit-in outside army headquarters."

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