US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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18.09.2018

"Russia blames Israel after military plane shot down off Syria"

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-45556290

Die syrische Luftwaffe hat Berichten zufolge bei der Abwehr eines israelischen Luftangriffs versehentlich ein russisches Militärflugzeug abgeschossen. Das russische Verteidigungsministerium macht Israel für den Vorfall verantwortlich. "In a statement, Russia said Israel's 'irresponsible actions' were to blame, saying it was given less than a minute's warning ahead of the strikes, which was not enough time to get the military surveillance plane out of the way. 'The Israeli planes deliberately created a dangerous situation for surface ships and aircraft in the area,' a defence ministry spokesman said. The spokesman accused Israeli pilots of 'using the Russian airplane as a cover', putting it 'in the line of fire coming from Syrian air defence systems'. (...) It is not possible to verify any of these claims. In a phone call on Tuesday, Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu told his Israeli counterpart Avigdor Lieberman the blame 'fully rests with Israel', adding that Russia 'reserves the right to take further steps in response'."

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11.09.2018

"Russia launches biggest war games since Cold War"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-45470460

Die BBC berichtet über den Beginn des größten Militärmanövers Russlands seit dem Ende des Kalten Kriegs im Osten Sibiriens. "Russia has launched its biggest military exercise since the Cold War, involving about 300,000 service personnel, in eastern Siberia. China is sending 3,200 troops to take part in 'Vostok-2018', with many Chinese armoured vehicles and aircraft. Mongolia is also sending some units. The last Russian exercise of similar scale was in 1981, during the Cold War, but Vostok-2018 involves more troops. The week-long manoeuvres come at a time of heightened Nato-Russia tensions."

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08.09.2018

"North Korea holds parade without ballistic missiles, reports say"

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-45417037

Nordkorea hat bei einer Militärparade am Sonntag auf die Präsentation seiner Langstreckenraketen verzichtet. "The parade is being scrutinised for clues about North Korea's weapons arsenal and professed commitment to denuclearisation. Some analysts had predicted that Mr Kim would tone down the display after his summit with US President Donald Trump. A large display of ICBMs - which can reach the US mainland, potentially carrying a nuclear warhead - would have been seen as provocative."

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08.09.2018

"Egypt sentences hundreds over 2013 pro-Morsi protests"

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-45457935

In Ägypten sind Urteile gegen über 700 mutmaßliche Anhänger der Muslimbruderschaft gefällt worden, die an den Protesten gegen den Militärputsch von 2013 teilgenommen haben. "Egypt has delivered verdicts for more than 700 people over a pro-Muslim Brotherhood sit-in after President Mohammed Morsi was ousted in 2013. The court confirmed 75 people's death sentences and life imprisonment for 47 others, including Islamic leaders. Rights group Amnesty International has called the trial 'grossly unfair' and a violation of Egypt's constitution. Violence erupted at the 2013 protest in Cairo's Rabaa al-Adawiya square, with hundreds killed by security forces. Earlier this year, Egypt's parliament gave military officers immunity for the deadly crackdown and any crimes committed between July 2013 and January 2016. Those who were sentenced in the mass trial were accused of security-related offences including incitement to violence, murder and organising illegal protests."

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05.09.2018

"Salisbury Novichok poisoning: Two Russian nationals named as suspects"

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-45421445

Die britischen Behörden haben zwei russische Staatsbürger beschuldigt, für den Giftanschlag auf den Ex-Spion Sergei Skripal und dessen Tochter verantwortlich zu sein. Es gebe genügend Beweise für eine Anklage. BBC-Experte Jonathan Marcus kommentiert: "The decision to name two Russian individuals as suspects in the Skripal case is a significant development - raising the level of evidence on which the British government's charges are based and potentially giving added weight to calls for additional international sanctions against Moscow. (...) Britain will be hoping that other countries may now show more enthusiasm for stepped-up sanctions."

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24.08.2018

"UN condemnation after 22 children killed in Yemen strike"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-45299930

Bei einem Luftangriff der von Saudi-Arabien angeführten Militärkoalition in Jemen sind offenbar erneut zahlreiche Kinder getötet worden. "A senior UN official has condemned another deadly Saudi-led coalition air strike in Yemen, which has killed at least 22 children and four women. The victims were fleeing fighting in the al-Durayhimi district, south of the port city of Hudaydah, when their vehicle was hit on Thursday. A separate air strike the same day killed four children, according to the UN's humanitarian chief Mark Lowcock. It comes just weeks after a strike on a bus killed over 40 children."

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23.08.2018

"Ending Yemen’s never-ending war"

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-45270225

Die BBC-Korrespondentin Lyse Doucet berichtet über die Bemühungen von UN-Vermittler Martin Griffiths, den Krieg in Jemen diplomatisch zu beenden. Einen neuen Anlauf soll es demnach bei Friedensgesprächen am 6. September in Genf geben. Ob Griffiths dabei auf westliche Unterstützung zählen könne, sei derzeit offen. "Mr Griffiths has now sent formal invitations to the warring parties to attend a new round of consultations in Geneva on 6 September. They will be the first talks in two years, after two failed rounds. 'The good news is, the government of Yemen wants to do this. And the Ansar Allah leadership does too,' he says, using the official name of the rebel Houthi movement that took control of the capital Sanaa in 2014 and forced President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi to flee abroad the following year. (...) while the US and UK governments are known to raise concerns about coalition military tactics in private with Saudi Arabia and the UAE, in public they defend their long-standing allies. 'There's a strong impression that they support the man, but not the plan,' is how a Western Yemen expert puts their approach to Mr Griffith's mission. 'That's them having their cake and eating it too,' he explained. 'They say: 'We totally want Martin to create peace, but if his plan upsets our partners, we're not going to push.''"

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30.07.2018

"US airport security's 'Quiet Skies' programme tracks passengers"

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-45011347

Die BBC berichtet über das Überwachungsprogramm "Quiet Skies", mit dem die amerikanische Transportsicherheitsbehörde TSA Passagieraktivitäten auf einheimischen Flughäfen beobachtet und analysiert. "The 'Quiet Skies' programme reportedly uses an unknown algorithm to flag flyers without any criminal record for surveillance on domestic flights. Air marshals tasked with carrying out surveillance have pushed back against the programme, according to US media. TSA denies any racial profiling and says it is a 'practical' method. (...) Under 'Quiet Skies', federal air marshals have been shadowing travellers on their flights and reporting any suspicious behaviour to TSA, the Boston Globe first reported on Sunday. These travellers - who are in some cases American citizens - are not part of terrorist screening databases nor are they suspected of any wrongdoings, according to the newspaper."

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23.07.2018

"Trump and Iran's Rouhani trade angry threats"

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-44919772

US-Präsident Trump hat seinen Twitter-Zugang genutzt, um Iran vor künftigen Drohungen gegen die USA zu warnen. "Mr Trump tweeted Iran would 'suffer consequences the likes of which few throughout history have ever suffered before' if it threatened the US. Mr Rouhani earlier said that war with Iran would be 'the mother of all wars'. (...) President Rouhani's comments, made to Iranian diplomats, did leave open the possibility of future good relations with the US. 'America should know that peace with Iran is the mother of all peace, and war with Iran is the mother of all wars,' he said, according to Iran's state news agency Irna. Mr Trump's angry rhetoric has echoes of his Twitter barrages against North Korea's Kim Jong-un, whom he branded a 'madman'. Their verbal hostilities nonetheless evolved into diplomacy."

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27.06.2018

"France's Macron brings back national service"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-44625625

Frankreich plane die Wiedereinführung einer abgeschwächten Form der nationalen Wehrpflicht, berichtet die BBC. Ein Militärdienst soll für Jugendliche demnach nur eine Option bleiben. "The new national service will cover all 16-year-olds, girls as well as boys, and will be divided into two distinct phases. The first phase is a mandatory one-month placement with a focus on civic culture, which the government says will 'enable young people to create new relationships and develop their role in society'. Voluntary teaching and working with charities are among the options being looked at, alongside traditional military preparation with the police, fire service or army. The second phase is a voluntary placement of at least three months and up to a year, in which young people will be encouraged to serve 'in an area linked to defence and security' - but again, they could opt to carry out volunteer work linked to heritage, the environment or social care. (...) about 60% of the population are in favour, according to a YouGov poll carried out in March, although the number dips to just below half when younger people are asked for their views."

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25.06.2018

"Turkey election: Country's heart split over Erdogan victory"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-44599224

Nach dem deutlichen Wahlsieg von Präsident Erdogan sei die Türkei tief gespalten, berichtet Mark Lowen, Türkei-Korrespondent der BBC. "The fact is that the Erdogan side of this country will simply not countenance defeat. For conservative, pious Turks, he is their voice - their very survival - in a country where many felt marginalised under past secular governments. For them, a shutdown of Twitter here, a jailing of journalists there is of no concern. It is the gleaming bridges, airports, schools and hospitals built under Mr Erdogan which have transformed their lives and which earn their unwavering loyalty. To his critics, his shouting matches with Western leaders are repugnant and take Turkey further than ever from its long-held dream of EU membership. (...) 'We are living through a fascist regime,' the opposition MP Selin Sayek Boke told the BBC. 'But fascist regimes don't usually win elections with 53%, they win with 90%. So this shows that progressive values are still here and can rise up.' For now, though, this is Mr Erdogan's time."

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23.06.2018

"Trump says North Korea still 'extraordinary threat'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-44584957

US-Präsident Trump hat die US-Sanktionen gegen Nordkorea wie erwartet erneuert und das Land dabei als "außergewöhnliche Bedrohung" bezeichnet. Zugleich sind der BBC zufolge zwei weitere Übungen des US-Militärs mit den südkoreanischen Verbündeten abgesagt worden. "(...) the US has had a 'national emergency' in place with regard to North Korea since 2008. Since then, presidents have routinely renewed that status - and the anti-Pyongyang sanctions that go with it. President Trump extended the national emergency on Friday due to 'the existence and risk of proliferation of weapons-usable fissile material on the Korean Peninsula and the actions and policies of the Government of North Korea'. These 'continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States', he said in a notice to Congress."

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21.06.2018

"Have Zimbabwe's generals turned into democrats?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-44551834

Über ein halbes Jahr nach dem erfolgreichen Militärputsch gegen den langjährigen Präsidenten Robert Mugabe gebe sich die neue Regierung Simbabwes alle Mühe, demokratisch zu erscheinen, berichtet BBC-Korrespondent Fergal Keane nach einem Treffen mit Ex-General und Außenminister Sibusiso Moyo. Die anstehenden Wahlen am 30. Juli würden zeigen, wie ernst es damit gemeint sei. "There is no comparison - so far - with the terror of the Mugabe years - when elections often meant open season on opposition politicians. There were killings, kidnappings and widespread torture. I ventured tentatively onto this year's campaign trail. After all, I was one of a number of BBC reporters banned from Zimbabwe until the fall of Mr Mugabe. Journalists, human rights activists, opposition politicians were all targets of the old regime. It was an extraordinary experience to watch the opposition MDC (Movement for Democratic Change) leader, Nelson Chamisa, campaign outside a police station in rural Masvingo province. Those who might once have attacked him could now only watch from behind the wire fence of their barracks. Zimbabwe's hopes of definitively ending international isolation depends on the police and soldiers abandoning the old brutal habits."

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20.06.2018

"Gaza rocket barrage triggers Israeli air strikes"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-44544169

Die BBC berichtet über die jüngste Eskalation der Gewalt in Gaza. BBC spricht sogar von 45 Projektilen, die auf israelischem Territorium eingeschlagen sein sollen. "Israeli jets have struck Palestinian militant positions in the Gaza Strip after rockets and mortars were fired into Israel, the Israeli military says. Twenty-five targets linked to the Hamas movement were hit overnight in response to a barrage of about 45 projectiles. Two Hamas security personnel are reported to have been lightly injured. The escalation came hours after Israel bombed three sites in retaliation for the launching of incendiary kites and balloons over the Gaza border."

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17.06.2018

"Taliban rules out extension of Afghanistan Eid festival ceasefire"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-44513657

Die Taliban haben die von vielen gehegte Hoffnung auf eine Verlängerung des dreitägigen Waffenstillstands vorerst enttäuscht. "A widely welcomed three-day ceasefire between security forces and the Taliban in Afghanistan appears to be over. The Taliban said its militants had been ordered to take up arms again on Sunday night - now the Eid festival had ended. The government says it will continue a unilateral ceasefire for another 10 days, although security forces can defend themselves if attacked. There were unprecedented scenes of soldiers and Taliban insurgents hugging each other during the ceasefire. But the ceasefire failed to end violence entirely."

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16.06.2018

"Yemen war: Government troops 'capture Hudaydah airport'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-44505440

Die von Saudi-Arabien angeführte Militärallianz und verbündete Regierungstruppen haben im Kampf um Hudaydah nach eigenen Angaben den Flughafen der größten Hafenstadt Jemens eingenommen. "The military said engineers were now checking the surrounding area for mines. However, the Houthi-controlled Saba news agency denied the airport had been lost and some reports suggest clashes there are continuing. The port is seen as a lifeline for millions of Yemenis at risk of famine. Hudaydah is the only major port controlled by the Houthis. UN special envoy Martin Griffiths arrived in the capital Sanaa on Saturday for emergency talks on the situation at the port, AFP reported. He is expected to propose to the Houthis, who control Sanaa, that they cede control of Hudaydah to a UN-supervised committee to avoid further fighting."

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13.06.2018

"Yemen war: Saudi-backed forces begin assault on Hudaydah port"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-44463749

In Jemen hat die Schlacht um die von Huthi-Rebellen gehaltene Küstenstadt Hudaydah begonnen. Beobachter und Hilfsorganisationen fürchten, dass die Kämpfe den Hafen der Stadt und damit den wichtigsten Anlaufpunkt für Hilfslieferungen lahmlegen könnten. "The coastal city of Hudaydah is where most of the aid arrives for people in Yemen's rebel-held areas. Agencies have warned of a humanitarian catastrophe. About eight million people are at risk of starvation in the war-torn country. Pro-government strikes began after Iranian-backed Houthi rebels ignored a deadline to withdraw by midnight (21:00 GMT on Tuesday). It is the first time the Saudi-led coalition of mostly Gulf states has tried to capture such a well-defended major city in Yemen."

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10.06.2018

"G7 summit ends in disarray as Trump abandons joint statement"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-44427660

US-Präsident Trump hat sich auf dem Flug nach Singapur entschieden, seine Unterschrift unter der Abschlusserklärung des G7-Gipfels zurückzuziehen und hat dabei den kanadischen Premierminister und Gastgeber Justin Trudeau offen kritisiert. "He accused Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of acting 'meek and mild' during meetings, only to attack the US at a news conference. The summit was dominated by disagreements, notably over trade. Mr Trudeau described as 'insulting' Mr Trump's decision to invoke national security to justify tariffs. (...) Tweeting en route to his next summit in Singapore, Mr Trump said he had instructed US officials 'not to endorse the communique as we look at tariffs on automobiles'. He said the move was based on Mr Trudeau's 'false statements... and the fact that Canada is charging massive tariffs to our US farmers, workers and companies'. He suggested Mr Trudeau was 'very dishonest and weak'."

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05.06.2018

"Putin says Russia not aiming to divide EU"

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-44364429

Präsident Putin hat vor seinem Besuch in Österreich betont, dass Russland weiterhin an einer geeinten und prosperierenden EU interessiert sei. Katya Adler schreibt, dass der Besuch von Putin als wichtige geo- und wirtschaftspolitische Gelegenheit betrachtet werde. "Mr Putin is keen to bust out of the isolationism - and the sanctions - imposed on Russia by the West since its annexation of Crimea four years ago. He is well aware the Western alliance is now strained by tensions between Europe and the Trump administration, and he hopes to exploit them. The EU of course still fumes over Russia's role in Syria and Ukraine, its alleged poisoning of a former Russian spy in the UK, and its recent testing of a new ballistic missile, but President Putin knows what binds Europe to Russia is energy. Austria was the first Western country to import Soviet gas 50 years ago, now a third of Europe's gas comes from Russia and that amount is growing. Russia's president will arrive in Vienna in a confident mood."

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31.05.2018

"Lithuania and Romania complicit in CIA torture - European court"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-44313905

Der Europäische Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte hat in einem Urteil festgestellt, dass Litauen und Rumänien bei der Folter von Terrorverdächtigen durch die CIA mitgewirkt haben. "Lithuania and Romania were ordered to pay €100,000 (£88,000; $117,000) in damages each to Abu Zubaydah and Abd al-Nashiri, respectively. The ECHR was unable to visit the suspects at Guantanamo. The existence of the so-called CIA 'black sites' for interrogation - under the so-called 'secret rendition' policy - was kept secret for many years after 9/11. (...) The ECHR ruling said Romania hosted a CIA prison in 2003-2005, where Abd al-Nashiri was subjected to 'an extremely harsh detention regime'. The ruling said he suffered 'inhuman treatment... which Romania had enabled by co-operating with the CIA'."

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31.05.2018

"Arkady Babchenko: Ukraine condemned for faking journalist's murder"

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-44311201

Die OSZE und die Organisation "Reporter ohne Grenzen" haben die Ukraine wegen der Geheimdienstoperation zur Vortäuschung der Ermordung des Journalisten Arkady Babchenko deutlich kritisiert. "Ukraine was accused of undermining the credibility of journalists. Harlem Desir, the OSCE's representative on the freedom of the media, said: 'I deplore the decision to spread false information on the life of a journalist. It is the duty of the state to provide correct information to the public.' 'Reporters Without Borders expresses its sharp indignation on learning of the Ukrainian secret service's manipulation carried out as part of an information war,' said Christophe Deloire, the group's head. 'It is always very dangerous for states to play with facts and especially on the backs of journalists.'"

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29.05.2018

"Liege shooting: Two police and civilian dead in Belgium"

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-44289404

Im belgischen Lüttich sind zwei Polizisten und ein Zivilist von einem Täter erschossen worden, der ersten Berichten zufolge "Allahu Akbar" gerufen haben soll. "The man's motive is not yet clear but the incident is being treated as terrorism. Police sources quoted in local media said the man was heard shouting 'Allahu Akbar' ('God is greatest' in Arabic). Belgian broadcaster RTBF said the gunman was let out from prison on temporary release on Monday where he had been serving time on drug offenses. It said that he may have been radicalised while in jail."

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27.05.2018

"North Korea's Kim Jong-un 'set on Trump summit'"

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-44268964

Die Präsidenten Nord- und Südkoreas haben bei ihrem überraschenden Treffen am Samstag ihre gemeinsame Absicht betont, das Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong-un trotz der zwischenzeitlichen Absage durch den US-Präsidenten stattfinden zu lassen. "Mr Moon said he and Mr Kim had 'agreed that the 12 June summit should be held successfully' and that the North Korean leader had 'again made clear his commitment to a complete denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula'. But Mr Moon suggested Mr Kim was not certain whether Washington could guarantee the stability of his regime. 'What Kim is unclear about is that he has concerns about whether his country can surely trust the United States over its promise to end hostile relations,' Mr Moon said."

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22.05.2018

"Myanmar Rohingya militants massacred Hindus, says Amnesty"

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-44206372

Amnesty International wirft der militanten Rohingya-Miliz Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (Arsa) in Myanmar vor, im vergangenen August bis zu 99 hinduistische Zivilisten massakriert zu haben. "Amnesty says interviews it conducted with refugees in Bangladesh and in Rakhine state confirmed that mass killings carried out by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (Arsa) took place in a cluster of villages in northern Maungdaw Township at the time of its attacks on police posts in late August. The findings also show Arsa was responsible for violence against civilians, on a smaller scale, in other areas."

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18.05.2018

"Iran nuclear deal: EU moves to avoid impact of US sanctions"

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-44162017

Die EU will auf die drohenden US-Sanktionen gegen europäische Unternehmen, die im Iran tätig sind, mit der Reaktivierung eines Abwehrgesetzes von 1996 antworten. "The so-called 'blocking statute' was introduced in 1996 to circumvent US sanctions on Cuba but was never used. An updated version of the measure should be in force before 6 August, when the first sanctions take effect. It will prohibit European companies from complying with the penalties and permit compensation for affected firms. (...) In 2017, EU exports to Iran (goods and services) totalled €10.8bn (£9.5bn; $12.9bn), and imports from Iran to the bloc were worth €10.1bn. The value of imports was nearly double the 2016 figure. Now, there are fears that billions of dollars' worth of trade and thousands of jobs could be jeopardised."

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06.05.2018

"Remembering Eritrea-Ethiopia border war: Africa's unfinished conflict"

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-44004212

Die BBC erinnert an den Beginn des Krieges zwischen den benachbarten ostafrikanischen Staaten Äthiopien und Eritrea vor 20 Jahren. Der Konflikt sei trotz des im Dezember 2000 vereinbarten Waffenstillstands bis heute nicht endgültig beigelegt. "The war began on 6 May, 1998, sparked by a battle for control of the border town of Badme - a humble, dusty market town with no apparent value. It had neither oil nor diamonds, but it did not matter: both Eritrea and Ethiopia wanted it on their side of the border. At the time, the war was described as 'two bald men fighting over a comb'. (...) The war ended in June 2000, but it was another six months until a peace agreement was signed, establishing the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission. It was meant to settle the dispute over Badme once and for all. But its 'final and binding' ruling 18 months later, awarding Badme to Eritrea, was not accepted by Ethiopia without the preconditions of further negotiations with Eritrea. Eritrea, in turn, refuses to talk to its former ally until the ruling is adhered to. With neither side budging from their respective positions, peace between them remains elusive."

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04.05.2018

"CIA director Gina Haspel's Thailand torture ties"

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-43496212

Vor der Senatsanhörung von Gina Haspel wirft die BBC einen Blick auf die frühere Tätigkeit der von US-Präsident Trump nominierten neuen CIA-Direktorin in einem US-Geheimgefängnis in Thailand. "When Gina Haspel was nominated as the next head of the CIA in March, it re-opened debate on a murky period of recent US history - the use of secretive overseas prisons to torture terror suspects. As the BBC's South East Asia correspondent Jonathan Head reports, the spotlight has fallen on Thailand, and one such 'black site' which Haspel once ran. (...) What Gina Haspel's exact role was is still unclear. The BBC contacted the CIA for clarification of her role in Thailand. The CIA stated that it was unable to comment on our questions, but directed us to a correction made in another article about Gina Haspel, in which it was stated that she took on her supervisory role in Thailand after the waterboarding of Abu Zubaydah had finished."

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22.04.2018

"Afghanistan: Kabul voter centre suicide attack kills 57"

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-43855884

Die BBC berichtet über den Sprengstoffanschlag in der afghanischen Hauptstadt Kabul, für den offenbar der IS verantwortlich ist. "A suicide bomb attack at a voter registration centre in the Afghan capital Kabul has killed at least 57 people, officials say. The dead include 21 women and five children, killed when the blast hit the queue outside. A further 119 people were injured. The Islamic State group (IS) said it had carried out the attack. Voter registration began this month for legislative elections which are due to take place in October. IS's mouthpiece said a suicide bomber wearing an explosive belt had targeted the centre, which is in the Dashte Barchi area of western Kabul."

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16.04.2018

"Could Russia and West be heading for cyber-war?"

http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-43788114

Anlässlich neuer Warnungen vor einer russischen Cyberkampagne gegen westliche Ziele schreibt Gordon Corera, dass von einem echten "Cyber-Krieg" nach wie vor keine Rede sein könne. "(...) so far, there has not been any sign of a significant cyber-attack or change of behaviour from Russia. That is not to say that officials are not seeing any Russian activity. Quite the opposite, the reality is that they are almost always seeing Russian activity and they have done for close to 20 years. Russian espionage - the theft of information - dates back at least to the late 1990s. More recently, in the past few years, officials in the UK and US have said they have seen Russia pre-positioning in networks that are part of the critical infrastructure in a way that could be used for destructive acts of sabotage, for instance taking down parts of the electricity grid. It is possible that Russian intrusions may be increasing. But it is too early to know for sure if this is the case, since it takes time to spot this - if it is spotted at all - and to be sure it is Russian. The crucial thing is whether Russia actually employs its offensive capability to actually do something destructive. So far, there has been relatively little sign of this in the US or UK, although Russia is accused of launching destructive attacks against Ukraine, which spilled over into companies that did business there."

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