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16.01.2020

"Iran protests: Who are the opposition in the country?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51093792

Die BBC mit einem informativen Überblicksartikel zu den aktuellen Protesten im Iran. "The crowds taking to the streets in recent days have been concentrated in Tehran and other cities such as Isfahan, and comprise mainly university students and others from the middle classes, angered by the deaths of those on the plane. They have condemned the authorities for not initially telling the truth. But slogans have also been heard against the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, and the Islamic regime. 'Lots of them will have known people on that plane as they are students who can afford to travel abroad,' says the BBC's Rana Rahimpour. There is also little sign of these protests concentrating around a particular personality. 'It's hard to say there's a single figurehead right now that people can unite around,' says Fatemeh Shams, an Iranian professor at the University of Pennsylvania."

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14.01.2020

"Iran nuclear deal: European powers trigger dispute mechanism"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51104579

Die europäischen Unterzeichnerstaaten des Atomabkommens mit dem Iran haben aufgrund iranischer Vertragsverstöße einen offiziellen Streitschlichtungsmechanismus in Gang gesetzt. Nach Ansicht von Jonathan Marcus ist damit das Ende des Abkommens auch formell eingeläutet worden. "The Europeans (…) insist that they will stand by it for as long as it exists and that they want a better deal - one that the US can support. But it is very hard to see Iran accepting a more restrictive agreement that will include constraints on its missile programmes and maybe also its regional behaviour. And it is equally hard to see President Trump lifting the sanctions - not least when he believes - with protests against the regime underway - that his maximum pressure campaign is working. The European decision to invoke the dispute process may be a final bowing to the inevitable. The nuclear agreement is in a critical condition and slowly slipping away."

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13.01.2020

France summit: Macron and Sahel partners step up jihadist fight

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-51100511

Frankreich und fünf afrikanische Staaten haben auf einer Konferenz im südfranzösischen Pau eine stärkere Kooperation im Kampf gegen dschihadistische Terrorgruppen in der Sahelzone vereinbart. "Forces will be placed under one umbrella and efforts focused on tackling the Islamic State group, they said after a summit in Pau in France. They also urged the US to maintain its support amid reports it might lessen its military presence in Africa. Jihadist attacks on civilians and troops have been on the increase. This is despite the presence of thousands of troops from both the countries affected and France."

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13.01.2020

"Iran plane downing: Five reasons why the US-Iran crisis is not over"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51084740

Auch BBC-Korrespondent Jonathan Marcus besteht darauf, dass die zwischenzeitliche Verhinderung eines offenen Konflikts zwischen den USA und dem Iran nicht als Entspannung der Krise interpretiert werden sollte. "Here's why this crisis is far from over. 1) De-escalation is only temporary. What some analysts see as de-escalation is nothing of the kind. Iran's leaders - shocked to their very core by the killing of Soleimani - did what they could to strike back. (…) 2) US policy is not changing. (…) at the same time as President Donald Trump is threatening devastation against Iran, he is also signalling that he still wants out of the Middle East. (…) 3) Iran's strategic goals remain the same. Iran's economy may be creaking and many of its citizens may be increasingly unhappy, but this is a 'revolutionary regime'. It is not suddenly going to abandon power. Groups like Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) are far too strong. Their response has been to clamp down at home and to push back against US pressure. That will continue. (…) 4) There are contradictions in Iraq's position. The sign pointing to the exit for US troops in Iraq is now looking bolder and brighter than ever. (…) 5) The nuclear deal is in real trouble. The roots of this latest crisis go back to May 2018 when the Trump Administration abandoned the Iran nuclear deal. (…) The deal matters. Prior to the agreement, there was a very real risk of war - with Israel (or perhaps the US and Israel in tandem) likely to attack Iran's nuclear infrastructure."

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11.01.2020

"Iran plane crash: Protesters condemn 'lies' on downed jet"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51079965

Nach dem iranischen Schuldeingeständnis im Fall des abgeschossenen ukrainischen Flugzeugs ist es in Teheran zu Protesten gegen die "Lügen" der iranischen Regierung gekommen. "Students gathered outside at least two universities, Sharif and Amir Kabir, reports said, initially to pay respect to the victims. Protests turned angry in the evening. The semi-official Fars news agency carried a rare report of the unrest, saying up to 1,000 people had chanted slogans against leaders and tore up pictures of Soleimani. The students called for those responsible for the downing the plane, and those they said had covered up the action, to be prosecuted. Chants included 'commander-in-chief resign', referring to Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, and 'death to liars'."

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10.01.2020

"Qasem Soleimani: Why his killing is good news for IS jihadists"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51021861

Der Tod des iranischen Generals Soleimani ist vom "Islamischen Staat" begrüßt worden, berichtet Jeremy Bowen. "In a statement, it described the general's demise as an act of divine intervention that benefitted jihadists. However, it made no mention at all of the US, which carried out the deadly drone strike against Soleimani in Baghdad on 3 January. President Donald Trump's decision to assassinate Gen Soleimani set off a chain of consequences - one of the first was on the unfinished war against jihadists. Almost immediately the US-led coalition fighting IS suspended operations in Iraq. The US and its allies announced that their main job was now defending themselves. From a military point of view, they probably had no choice. Iran and the militias it sponsors here in Iraq have sworn vengeance for the killings caused by the missile fired by a US drone at Soleimani's vehicle as it left Baghdad airport on Friday. That puts US forces in Iraq, and those from Western allies working alongside them, squarely in the firing line. It is also very good for IS, and will speed up its recovery from the blows it took when its 'caliphate' was smashed."

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06.01.2020

"Trump threatens Iraq with sanctions if US troops are expelled"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51003159

Nach der Forderung des irakischen Parlaments nach einem Abzug der US-Truppen hat Präsident Trump Sanktionen angekündigt und die Rückzahlung amerikanischer Milliardeninvestitionen gefordert. "'We have a very extraordinarily expensive air base that's there. It cost billions of dollars to build. We're not leaving unless they pay us back for it,' he told reporters. (…) Speaking from the presidential plane, Mr Trump said that if Iraq asked US forces to depart on an unfriendly basis, 'we will charge them sanctions like they've never seen before, ever. It'll make Iranian sanctions look somewhat tame.' Some 5,000 US soldiers are in Iraq as part of the international coalition against the Islamic State (IS) group."

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23.12.2019

"Isis in Iraq: Militants 'getting stronger again'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50850325

Kurdische und westliche Geheimdienstler warnen davor, dass der "Islamische Staat" im Irak zwei Jahre nach seiner Zerschlagung dabei sei, sich nach dem Vorbild der Al-Qaida neu zu organisieren. "The militants are now more skilled and more dangerous than al-Qaeda, according to Lahur Talabany, a top Kurdish counter-terrorism official. 'They have better techniques, better tactics and a lot more money at their disposal,' he said. 'They are able to buy vehicles, weapons, food supplies and equipment. Technologically they're more savvy. It's more difficult to flush them out. So, they are like al-Qaeda on steroids.' (…) 'We see the activities are increasing now, and we think the rebuilding phase is over,' said Mr Talabany, who heads the Zanyari Agency, one of two intelligence agencies in Iraqi Kurdistan. A different kind of IS has emerged, he says, which no longer wants to control any territory to avoid being a target. Instead - like their predecessors in al-Qaeda before them - the extremists have gone underground, in Iraq's Hamrin Mountains. (…) Kurdish intelligence officials estimate that IS is 10,000 strong in Iraq with between 4,000 and 5,000 fighters, and a similar number of sleeper cells and sympathisers. The international community should be worried, according to Lahur Talabany. 'The more comfortable they get here,' he says, 'there more they will think about operations outside of Iraq and Syria.'"

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21.12.2019

"Space Force: Trump officially launches new US military service"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-50876429

Präsident Trump hat die neuen eigenständigen Weltraumstreitkräfte des US-Militärs nun auch offiziell ins Leben gerufen. "President Donald Trump has officially funded a Pentagon force focused on warfare in space - the US Space Force. The new military service, the first in more than 70 years, falls under the US Air Force. At an army base near Washington, Mr Trump described space as 'the world's newest war-fighting domain'. 'Amid grave threats to our national security, American superiority in space is absolutely vital,' he said. 'We're leading, but we're not leading by enough, but very shortly we'll be leading by a lot.' 'The Space Force will help us deter aggression and control the ultimate high ground,' he added."

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11.12.2019

"Myanmar Rohingya: Suu Kyi rejects genocide claims at UN court"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-50741094

Die BBC berichtet über den Auftritt von Aung San Suu Kyi vor dem Internationalen Gerichtshof in Den Haag, bei dem die De-facto-Regierungschefin Myanmars den Vorwurf eines Genozids an den Rohingya zurückwies. "In her opening remarks, she called the case against Myanmar 'incomplete and incorrect'. She said troubles in Rakhine, where many Rohingya lived, go back centuries. (…) Myanmar has always insisted it was tackling an extremist threat in Rakhine state, and Ms Suu Kyi maintained that stance, describing the violence as an 'internal armed conflict' triggered by Rohingya militant attacks on government security posts."

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11.12.2019

"Jersey City: Deadly gun battle kills six people"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-50737537

Die BBC berichtet über eine tödliche Schießerei in Jersey City in der Nähe New Yorks. "A police officer and at least five other people have died in a series of gun battles in Jersey City, in the US state of New Jersey. Two other police officers were wounded during the incident, which ended in a shootout after two gunmen barricaded themselves in a kosher supermarket. A motive for the incident is not yet known. But the mayor said investigators believe the location was 'targeted'. (…) Officials have not elaborated on why they believe the location was targeted. They have also not commented further on whether the attack was driven by anti-Semitism."

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04.12.2019

"Trump impeachment inquiry: The case for and against"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-50663128

Nach der Anhörung vor dem Justizausschuss des US-Repräsentantenhauses in der vergangenen Woche hat die BBC die vorgebrachten Argumente gegenübergestellt, die für bzw. gegen eine Amtsenthebung des US-Präsidenten sprechen. Anthony Zurcher fasst zusammen: "Democrats - because they have a majority on the committed - selected three of the participants. Not surprisingly, they all agreed that Donald Trump's conduct constituted impeachable offences. Jonathan Turley, picked by the Republicans, acknowledged that the president's actions were far from 'perfect,' but lamented the anger in American politics and warned that action in this case would dangerously lower the bar for impeachable conduct for future presidents."

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24.11.2019

"Iraq protests: Security forces open fire on protesters"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50536334

Bei erneuten Protesten gegen die Regierung im Süden Iraks haben Sicherheitskräfte fünf weitere Demonstranten erschossen. "At least two people died and some 50 others were injured near the Gulf port city of Basra on Sunday. Late on Saturday, at least three protesters were killed and more than 40 others injured in Nasiriya. Since the violence began in October, more than 300 people have died and thousands more have been injured. People are demanding an end to corruption, more jobs and better public services in the demonstrations, which have mostly affected southern Iraq and the capital Baghdad. On Sunday demonstrators set fires outside government buildings, blocked bridges and shut schools in Nasiriya, about 300km (186 miles) south of Baghdad. Officials had issued a directive to reopen schools - Sunday is the first day of the working week in Iraq - but demonstrators have ignored it."

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19.11.2019

"US settlement move endorses 'law of the jungle' – Palestinians"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50470812

Die US-Regierung will die israelischen Siedlungen im palästinensischen Westjordanland nicht länger als völkerrechtlich illegal betrachten. "Palestinians have condemned a decision by the US to abandon its four-decades-old position that Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank are inconsistent with international law. Chief negotiator Saeb Erekat said it threatened to replace international law with the 'law of the jungle'. But Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu praised the US move, saying it 'rights a historical wrong'. The UN regards the settlements as being illegal under international law."

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17.11.2019

"Iran petrol price hike: Protesters warned that security forces may intervene"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50444429

Eine deutliche Erhöhung der Benzinpreise hat in Iran gewaltsame Proteste ausgelöst, bei denen bisher mindestens ein Mensch getötet wurde. "Interior Minister Abdolreza Rahmani-Fazli, speaking during an interview with state television on Saturday, warned that law enforcement and security officials will have 'no choice' but to step in and restore calm if 'illegal' actions continue. (…) Iran has some of the world's cheapest fuel prices due to heavy subsidies and the fall in value of its currency. It is also one of the world's largest oil producers, with exports worth billions of dollars each year. But it has limited refining capacity and sanctions have made it difficult to obtain spare parts for oil plants."

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12.11.2019

"Sweden's 100 explosions this year: What's going on?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-50339977

Maddy Savage berichtet über die "beispiellose" Welle von Bombenexplosionen in Schweden. "'Bangers, improvised explosives and hand grenades' are behind most of the blasts, says Linda H Straaf, head of intelligence at Sweden's National Operations Department. The attacks are usually carried out by criminal gangs to scare rival groups or their close friends or family, she says. (…) For criminologist Amir Rostami, who has researched the use of hand grenades in Sweden, the only relevant comparison is Mexico, plagued by gang violence. 'This is unique in countries that pretty much don't have a war or don't have a long history of terrorism,' he says. Most attacks have taken place in low-income, vulnerable suburbs in the biggest cities: Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmo. Malmo had three blasts in just over 24 hours at the start of this month. But more affluent places are now being targeted too. An explosion in the residential northern Stockholm suburb of Bromma last month destroyed the entrance to a block of flats, blew out windows and damaged cars. (…) Swedish police do not record or release the ethnicity of suspects or convicted criminals, but intelligence chief Linda H Straaf says many do share a similar profile. 'They have grown up in Sweden and they are from socio-economically weak groups, socio-economically weak areas, and many are perhaps second- or third-generation immigrants,' she says."

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12.11.2019

"Israel kills top Palestinian Islamic Jihad militant in Gaza"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50386164

Das israelische Militär hat einen Anführer des "Islamischen Dschihads" in Gaza und dessen Frau bei einem gezielten Angriff getötet. Bei einem weiteren Angriff auf ein Führungsmitglied der militanten Palästinenserorganisation in Damaskus sind der BBC zufolge zwei weitere Menschen getötet worden. Beim folgenden Raketenbeschuss Israels aus Gaza seien bisher 17 Israelis verletzt worden. Tom Bateman, Nahost-Korrespondent der BBC, kommentiert: "Baha Abu al-Ata came to prominence in Gaza this year, commanding fighters of Islamic Jihad's al-Quds Brigade in the north and east of the strip. But he acted increasingly outside of the control of the dominant militant faction Hamas, ordering rocket attacks seemingly without approval after Israeli soldiers shot and injured dozens of Palestinians during regular protests at the perimeter fence earlier this month. A Palestinian TV presenter even warned on-air recently that his actions might see the Israelis trying to kill him. A serious escalation in hostilities is now likely, despite Israel's efforts to signal to Hamas that it has not returned to a wider strategy of so-called targeted killings."

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11.11.2019

"Hong Kong protests: Two 'critical' after day of chaos"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-50370715

Die BBC berichtet über die bisher gewalttätigsten Auseinandersetzungen in Hongkong, bei denen zwei Demonstranten schwer verletzt worden sind. "Two people are in critical condition after another day of violent demonstrations in Hong Kong. The first person - a protester - was injured on Monday morning, when he was shot by a police officer. He is the third person shot by police since rallies began 24 weeks ago. Later, a pro-Beijing supporter was doused in flammable liquid and set alight after arguing with protesters, who are demanding greater democracy and police accountability. There were a number of other flashpoints during the day, with police firing rubber bullets and tear gas in others parts of Hong Kong. At one point, tear gas was fired in the central business district - a rare occurrence during working hours on a weekday. Monday's violence followed a weekend of vigils and protests after a 22-year-old student protester died on Friday. Alex Chow had been in hospital since he fell from the ledge of a car park during a police operation a week ago."

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03.11.2019

"Syria conflict: The 'war crimes' caught in brutal phone footage"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50250330

Die Videos von möglichen Kriegsverbrechen Ankara-treuer Milizen in Syrien erinnern in ihrer Brutalität nach Ansicht von Jiyar Gol an Veröffentlichungen des "Islamischen Staates". "Days after Turkey's attacks, numerous videos alleged to have been filmed by pro-Turkey rebels emerged on social media. In one, an unidentified fighter shouts in Arabic: 'We have come to behead you infidels and apostates!' (…) Turkey has long been accused of taking little action against jihadists in Syria. 'I ran the ISIS [Islamic State group] campaign - 40,000 foreign fighters, jihadists from 110 countries around the world, all came into Syria to fight in that war and they all came through Turkey,' Brett McGurk, former US President Special Envoy in the coalition against IS, told CNN last month. He said he tried to persuade Turkey to seal its border against IS. 'They said they couldn't do it,' he said, 'but the minute the Kurds took parts of the border, it's totally sealed with a wall.' (…) Ibrahim Kalin, the Turkish president's spokesman, said Turkey will investigate any suspected war crimes. But many Kurdish activists have no faith in the Turkish government or army."

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29.10.2019

"Germany: 'President Assad officials' charged with torture in Syria"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-50223602

Die BBC berichtet über die Anklage der deutschen Bundesanwaltschaft gegen zwei frühere Mitarbeiter des syrischen Geheimdienstes, denen die vielfache Folter von Häftlingen in syrischen Gefängnissen vorgeworfen wird. "'These charges send an important message to survivors of Assad's system of torture,' said Wolfgang Kaleck, Secretary General of the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR). 'We will continue working to ensure that the main perpetrators of state torture under Assad are brought to justice - in Germany or elsewhere,' he added. Key evidence against the two suspects was obtained after the exhibition at the UN headquarters in New York in March 2015. The pictures were taken by 'Caesar', a former member of the Syrian military police who fled the country in 2013. Anwar R. and Eyad A. seem to have sought asylum in Germany after leaving Syria a few years before the migrant influx in 2015."

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23.10.2019

"Which countries export arms to Turkey?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/50125405

Das Reality-Check-Team der BBC hat Informationen über die Waffenverkäufe in die Türkei zusammengetragen. "Nine European countries have imposed controls on arms sales to Turkey. The Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and the UK have all - along with Canada - announced they are halting or restricting arms export licence approvals for Turkey. UK Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab has said Britain would continue selling arms to Turkey but would not grant new export licences for weapons which might be used in military operations in Syria. Germany and Spain have said that their embargoes only apply to new contracts. (…) Over the period 1991-2017, Turkey was the world's fifth largest importer of major weapons. Turkey has historically relied on its Nato allies in the United States and Europe for its defence and security needs. The US has been the largest exporter of arms to Turkey, providing 60% of its total imports between 2014 and 2018. Among European countries, France, Spain and the UK have been major suppliers."

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16.10.2019

"Turkey-Syria offensive: Erdogan rejects US ceasefire call"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50064546

Die Türkei will sich von neuen US-Sanktionen und internationalem diplomatischen Druck nicht von ihrem Kurs in Nordsyrien abbringen lassen. "'They say 'declare a ceasefire'. We will never declare a ceasefire,' Mr Erdogan told reporters on Tuesday. 'They are pressuring us to stop the operation. They are announcing sanctions. Our goal is clear. We are not worried about any sanctions,' the president added. President Vladimir Putin has discussed the situation with Mr Erdogan in a phone call and invited him to Russia for a working visit 'in the coming days', the Kremlin announced on Wednesday. Mr Erdogan is also expected to meet US Vice-President Mike Pence and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in the Turkish capital, Ankara, on Thursday."

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14.10.2019

"Catalonia leaders jailed for sedition by Spanish court"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-49974289

Der spanische Oberste Gerichtshof in Madrid hat neun katalanische Separatistenführer wegen "Aufruhr" zu Haftstrafen von neun bis 13 Jahren verurteilt. "Following the court's verdict, Catalan independence supporters marched in Barcelona displaying banners that read 'free political prisoners' while urging others to 'take to the streets'. Over the weekend, hundreds of protesters rallied in the city. In 2017, police and protesters clashed in the streets when Catalonia's pro-independence leaders went ahead with a referendum ruled illegal by Spain's constitutional court. (...) Prosecutors argued that the unilateral declaration of independence was an attack on the Spanish state and accused some of those involved of a serious act of rebellion."

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09.10.2019

"Turkey boosts troops to cross Syria border 'shortly'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-49978567

Die BBC berichtet über die Vorbereitungen des türkischen Militärs für einen Einmarsch in den Norden Syriens. "Convoys of trucks with armoured personnel carriers and tanks were seen heading to the Turkish border town of Akcakale on Tuesday night. Images of buses carrying personnel were shown by state news agency Anadolu. Turkey is planning to create a 32km (20-mile) deep 'safe zone' running for 480km (300 miles) along the Syrian side of the border. (...) Initial indications suggest a limited incursion by Turkey along a 100km stretch of the border between the towns of Tal Abyad and Ras al-Ain. It is a sparsely populated, mostly Arab, area and it is unclear what conflict with Kurdish forces would take place. US troops have already withdrawn from four border positions there, but they have not withdrawn from positions further east and west."

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07.10.2019

"Trump makes way for Turkey operation against Kurds in Syria"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-49956698

Die US-Regierung hat angekündigt, ihre Truppen im Norden Syriens im Vorfeld der geplanten türkischen Offensive zur Errichtung einer "Safe Zone" zurückzuziehen. Für das kurdische Militärbündnis SDF sei diese Entscheidung ein schwerer Rückschlag, schreibt die BBC. Jonathan Marcus kritisiert die Entscheidung: "This represents a significant shift in US policy - President Trump acting against the advice of many in the Pentagon and state department. It risks a recasting of alliances in Syria. The Kurds may be forced to seek an accommodation with the Assad government. The potential chaos could facilitate a resurgence of IS. Indeed the US withdrawal of its forces from the border area may herald the full withdrawal of troops from Syria that Mr Trump has long wanted. It marks a betrayal of Washington's Kurdish allies, a betrayal that many other countries in the region will note with alarm. Both the Saudis and the Israelis are increasingly realising that Mr Trump's robust rhetoric is rarely matched by actions."

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03.10.2019

"North Korea tests submarine-capable missile fired from sea"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-49915224

Nordkorea hat mit einem neuen Raketentest demonstriert, dass es Atomraketen auch mit einem U-Boot abfeuern könnte. Der BBC zufolge könnte Nordkorea damit theoretisch auch Hawaii bedrohen. Ankit Panda warnt vor den Konsequenzen dieser neuen Entwicklung. "North Korea's introduction of the Pukguksong-3 submarine-launched ballistic missile is a grave moment for North East Asian regional security - and a reminder of what has been lost over nearly two years of all-show-no-substance diplomacy. (...) The Pukguksong-3, if it had been flown at a more normal angle, could have reached all of Japan's four main islands and all of South Korea from the centre of the Sea of Japan. Most seriously, it represents the largest-ever solid-fuel system seen in North Korea. Solid-fuel missiles have many advantages over their liquid-fuel counterparts. They offer greater responsiveness and flexibility; unlike their liquid counterparts, they do not require extensive fuelling and preparation before use. This test underscores why the United States must make extensive efforts to freeze North Korea's qualitative progress on missile technologies."

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01.10.2019

"Hong Kong anger after China's military parade"

https://www.bbc.com/news/live/world-asia-china-49822687

Die BBC berichtet über die anlässlich der Militärparade zum 70. Jahrestag der Gründung der Volksrepublik China neu aufgeflammten Proteste in Hongkong. "We're seeing a change of mood in Hong Kong now. Local media are reporting that live warning shots have been fired by officers in the Nathan Road area of Kowloon - still a rare event in these months of unrest. The BBC's Tessa Wong in the Admiralty area says multiple rounds of tear gas has been fired there, and police are spraying blue water, which is used to identify protesters who leave the scene. Another colleague on the ground reports that several motorbikes in Wong Tai Sin caught fire after protesters threw petrol bombs. Before that, police officers and reporters were injured after protesters allegedly splashed corrosive liquid in the residential district of Tuen Mun, the BBC's Grace Tsoi in Hong Kong reports."

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29.09.2019

"Afghan presidential election: Tense wait after day of attacks"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-49794057

Die afghanischen Präsidentschaftswahlen sind der BBC zufolge mit viel Gewalt und offenbar geringer Wahlbeteiligung zu Ende gegangen. "Low turnout was widely reported, as many voters were worried about security following threats from the Taliban. The twice-delayed vote on Sunday took place after Taliban-US peace talks had collapsed earlier this month. The two main candidates are the incumbent, Ashraf Ghani, and chief executive, Abdullah Abdullah, who shared power since 2014. (...) The Independent Election Commission of Afghanistan expects to announce the results in three weeks."

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16.09.2019

"Turkey says three million could return to safe zone in Syria"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-49719284

Der türkische Präsident Erdogan hat die Rückkehr von bis zu drei Millionen syrischen Flüchtlingen in die von ihm angestrebte "Safe Zone" im Norden Syriens in Aussicht gestellt. "Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the zone - which is already being set up in co-operation with the US - needed to be extended for the goal to be met. US-backed Kurdish fighters earlier moved back from a strip of Syrian territory along the Turkish border. Turkey regards the Kurdish forces as terrorists. Mr Erdogan's comments came after talks in Ankara with the presidents of Russia and Iran, Vladimir Putin and Hassan Rouhani. The Kurds have yet to respond to Mr Erdogan's plan, but they are almost certain to bitterly oppose it, the BBC's Alan Johnston reports. Earlier this month, Turkey warned it might reopen the route for Syrian refugees to enter Europe if it did not get more international support for the 'safe zone' in northern Syria. Turkey is hosting more than 3.6 million Syrians who have fled the civil war that began in 2011."

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16.09.2019

"Saudi oil attacks: US says intelligence shows Iran involved"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-49712417

Der Angriff auf zwei saudi-arabische Ölanlagen hat die schwelende Krise zwischen den USA und dem Iran wieder angefacht. US-Präsident Trump hat den Verantwortlichen implizit mit militärischer Vergeltung gedroht. "The United States has issued satellite images and cited intelligence to back its claim that Iran was behind attacks on Saudi oil facilities. Iran denies involvement in Saturday's air attacks, which were claimed by Iran-aligned Houthi rebels in Yemen. But unnamed US officials speaking to US and international media say the direction and extent of the attacks cast doubt on Houthi involvement. (...) Unnamed US officials have been speaking to the New York Times, ABC and Reuters. One official said there were 19 points of impact on the targets and the attacks had come from the west and north-west - not Houthi-controlled territory in Yemen, which lies to the south-west of the Saudi oil facilities. The officials said that could suggest launch sites in the northern Gulf, Iran or Iraq."

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten

Globalisierung

Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Publikationen zum Thema

Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

16 Autor*innen aus Krisengebieten wünschen sich für ihre Zukunft weiterschreiben zu können. In di...

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Wie sieht eine zeitgemäße Sicherheitspolitik angesichts einer zunehmend komplexer werdenden und st...

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Ende 2014 zogen die letzten deutschen ISAF-Truppen aus Afghanistan ab. Dieser Band zieht Bilanz, fra...

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