US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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07.02.2019

"Syria war: Families and fighters flee IS's last village"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-47155507

US-Präsident Trump geht davon aus, dass das frühere "Kalifat" des "Islamischen Staates" in Syrien und Irak in der nächsten Woche vollständig zurückerobert sein wird. IS-Kämpfer und deren Angehörige fliehen offenbar bereits jetzt aus den letzten vom IS kontrollierten Dörfern im Osten des Landes. "Islamic State group (IS) members and their families have been fleeing the group's last sliver of territory in eastern Syria, as US-backed militia advance towards them. Men, women and children, some with serious injuries, others describing running out of food, have been leaving the group's rapidly shrinking enclave, which the US military on Tuesday said amounted to about 50 sq km (20 sq miles)."

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06.02.2019

"State of the Union: Trump announces second North Korea summit"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-47139969

US-Präsident Trump hat in seiner Rede zur Lage der Nation ein neues Gipfeltreffen mit Nordkoreas Staatschef Kim Jong Un angekündigt. Laura Bicker, BBC-Korrespondentin in Seoul, kommentiert: "Mr Trump's goal will be to extract pledges from Kim Jong-un without giving too much ground. The Trump administration has said it is not willing to lift sanctions, but it has mentioned helping out the North's economy. However, handing over such aid to a secretive state which has yet to declare a list of its weapons facilities or allow in independent inspectors is bound to raise more than eyebrows. So Mr Trump has to extract a written pledge from Mr Kim. Otherwise these summits will be seen as all show, and very little substance. As for Mr Kim's bargaining chips, we have been told he could be prepared to give up his nuclear production site known as Yongbyon. I've also been told by some sources close to Pyongyang that Mr Kim does want to achieve something his father and grandfather never did. A peace treaty."

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02.02.2019

"Venezuela crisis: Why US sanctions will hurt"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-47104508

Daniel Gallas erklärt, warum die neuen US-Sanktionen gegen den Ölsektor Venezuelas das Land schmerzhaft treffen werden. Ziel der Maßnahmen sei es, die "Parallel-Regierung" unter dem selbsternannten Präsidenten Guaidó zu unterstützen. "Up until now White House executive orders were only targeting government officials and certain sectors of the economy. Now new sanctions will finally hurt the one sector that is responsible for more than 90% of the government's revenues. Many outstanding contracts are still expected to be honoured in the coming days, but new deals with PDVSA are being subjected to restrictions. From April sanctions are expected to kick in. (...) US National Security Adviser John Bolton says the US wants oil revenue to reach Mr Guaidó, giving his National Assembly some economic power to combat Mr Maduro. One of the ways of doing so is through PDVSA-owned refineries based in Texas, through a subsidiary called Citgo. Mr Bolton has already met Citgo executives and there is an effort to change its management with executives appointed by Mr Guaidó's National Assembly. In effect the opposition is trying to set up a parallel government to Mr Maduro's with its own cabinet."

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02.02.2019

"Central African Republic agrees peace deal with rebel groups"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-47105774

In den Friedensverhandlungen zwischen der Regierung der Zentralafrikanischen Republik und 14 bewaffneten Gruppen hat es offenbar einen Durchbruch gegeben. Experten erinnern allerdings daran, dass frühere Abkommen dieser Art schnell wieder kollabiert seien. "A peace deal between the government of the Central African Republic (CAR) and 14 rebel groups has been struck after talks in Sudan, officials say. The deal was announced by the UN mission in CAR, known as Minusca, and the African Union (AU), which both sponsored the talks in Khartoum. 'This is a great day for Central African Republic and all its people,' said AU commissioner Smail Chergui. The government said the peace deal would be signed in Bangui soon. Details of the agreement have not been released and analysts caution that previous peace deals have all collapsed."  

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27.01.2019

"The enduring appeal of violent jihad"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-47000188

Frank Gardner fragt, warum der "Islamische Staat" trotz seiner Niederlagen in Irak und Syrien weltweit immer noch so viele Anhänger anzieht. Er nennt drei wichtige Ursachen: "Peer pressure.The decision to leave behind a normal, law-abiding life, often abandoning family and loved ones to embark on what is frequently a short, dangerous career is a personal one. Jihadist recruiters will play on the notion of victimhood, sacrifice and rallying to a higher cause in the name of religion. (...) Bad or absent governance. There is a reason why the Middle East has long been a primary source of global jihadism. Corrupt, undemocratic and often oppressive regimes tend to drive peaceful political dissent underground. (...) Religious duty. Recruiters for al-Qaida, IS, the Taliban and others have long been able to exploit religious obedience to draw young men and women into their ranks. Extremism expert Dr Erin Saltman says extremist groups often promote 'a narrative of struggle, heroic sacrifice and spiritual obligation in order to establish legitimacy and connect with potential recruits'."

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26.01.2019

"Venezuela crisis: Maduro given ultimatum by European leaders"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-47014322

Die führenden EU-Regierungen haben angekündigt, Oppositionsführer Guaido als Interimspräsident Venezuelas anzuerkennen, sollte Präsident Maduro in den kommenden Tagen keine Neuwahlen ausrufen. "On Saturday, permanent Security Council members France and the UK joined Germany, Spain and other European nations in what looked like a co-ordinated demand that elections be called in Venezuela within eight days. An EU statement was more cautious, seeking fresh elections or the bloc would take 'further actions, including on the issue of recognition of the country's leadership'. Speaking on behalf of the EU, UK Foreign Office Minister Sir Alan Duncan said Venezuela needed a government 'that truly represents the will of the Venezuelan people'."

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24.01.2019

"Venezuela crisis: Maduro cuts ties with US after it recognises opposition leader"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-46982692

In Venezuela hat sich Parlamentspräsident und Oppositionsführer Juan Guaidó am Mittwoch zum Präsidenten des Landes erklärt. Die versuchte Machtergreifung ist von den USA, der EU und einigen lateinamerikanischen Ländern offiziell anerkannt worden, während sich das venezolanische Militär hinter Staatspräsident Nicolás Maduro gestellt hat. Die BBC berichtet über die Eskalation des seit langem schwelenden innenpolitischen Konflikts. "Does the Trump administration have a coherent plan for raising the pressure on the Maduro regime - such as freezing assets? Crisis could simply lead to a greater calamity for the Venezuelan people. Much will depend on which way the Venezuelan military jumps. For now, its generals may be backing the current regime. But will the lower ranks remain loyal to Mr Maduro or will they heed the growing unrest inside the country and the chorus of powerful voices coming from abroad?"

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21.01.2019

"Syria war: Israeli jets target Iranian positions around Damascus"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-46941717

Israel hat in Reaktion auf einen angeblichen Raketenangriff der iranischen Quds-Brigade einen Luftangriff gegen iranische und syrische Ziele in Damaskus durchgeführt. "The Israel Defense Forces says the overnight operation targeted the elite Quds Force of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, as well as Syrian air defences. The Syrian military says it shot down most of the Israeli missiles. But a monitoring group reported that at least 11 pro-government fighters were killed. The IDF says it acted after the Quds Force fired a rocket from Syria towards the occupied Golan Heights on Sunday. (...) The Russian military, which like Iran also backs the Syrian government, said more than 30 missiles and guided bombs were shot down. However, it added that the 'infrastructure' of Damascus International Airport was partially damaged and that four Syrian soldiers were killed and six were wounded."

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15.01.2019

"Ivory Coast ex-President Gbagbo acquitted at ICC court in The Hague"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-46875757

Der frühere Präsident der Elfenbeinküste Laurent Gbagbo, der wegen schwerer Verbrechen nach der Präsidentschaftswahl 2010 vor dem Internationalen Strafgerichtshof in Den Haag stand, ist überraschend freigesprochen worden. "'Whenever a case involving mass atrocities essentially collapses at the ICC, it does damage to the perception of the court as a credible and effective institution of international justice,' Mark Kersten, author of Justice in Conflict, told the BBC's Anna Holligan. 'Many are concerned that the court is emerging as an institution where only rebels can be successfully prosecuted,' he added. The ICC has also seen cases collapse against former DR Congo Vice-President Jean-Pierre Bemba, and former Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta. On the other hand, the ruling demonstrates the judges' independence and impartiality and makes it harder to push the narrative, popular among those who fear the long arm of the ICC, that the court is a biased weapon of neo-colonial justice used purely to convict African leaders, our correspondent says."

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11.01.2019

"African migration 'a trickle' thanks to trafficking ban across the Sahara"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-46802548

Die Migrationsströme innerhalb Afrikas sind der BBC zufolge deutlich zurückgegangen. Ein Hauptgrund seien die strengeren Maßnahmen zur Grenzsicherung, die von den Ländern der Sahelzone entlang der wichtigsten Migrantenrouten durchgesetzt worden seien. "The number of migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean for Europe has been dropping and that is partly because of tougher measures introduced on the migrant routes, as Mike Thomson reports from Niger. (...) Since the clampdown this torrent has become a relative trickle. In fact, more African migrants, who have ended up in Niger and experienced or heard of the terrible dangers and difficulties of getting to Europe, have decided to return home."

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09.01.2019

"Russia in Africa: Is it becoming a key player?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-45035889

Kumar Malhotra schreibt angesichts der russischen Aktivitäten in der Zentralafrikanischen Republik und im Sudan, dass Russland offenbar seinen früheren Status in Afrika wiederherstellen wolle. "The former Soviet Union used to be an important player on the African continent - until its economic and political clout waned with the end of the Cold War. Today, Russia 'seeks to restore and strengthen its position on the African continent', according to Inna Andronova, from Moscow's Higher School of Economics. (...) But there are limits to what Russia can achieve, some analysts believe. Alex Vines, of Chatham House, points out that Russia is not the old Soviet Union. 'It lacks the resources to extend itself significantly in Africa. Instead, it will look for niches, such as defence and raw material extraction,' he says."

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07.01.2019

"US attacks on Somalia's al-Shabab increase under Trump"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-46612542

Die Zahl der Operationen des US-Militärs gegen die radikalislamische Al-Shabaab-Miliz in Somalia habe unter Präsident Trump deutlich zugenommen, berichtet Tomi Oladipo, Afrika-Korrespondent der BBC. "Africom has now carried out at least 46 confirmed airstrikes in Somalia in 2018, following the previous record of 38 in 2017, according to the Bureau of Investigative Journalism (BIJ). (...) Despite the increased strikes, al-Shabab's core capabilities remain solid. The group has not lost control of territory in central and southern parts of Somalia, where it is trying to set up its own administration, including raising taxes from the local population. These are vast areas - far larger than the urban centres that the federal government controls in the same regions. Bill Roggio and Alexandra Gutowski of the Long War Journal conclude that this reflects al-Shabab's primary goal, adopted from al-Qaeda, which is 'to overthrow local governments and create emirates which will eventually coalesce into an Islamic caliphate'."

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19.12.2018

"Syria conflict: US announces withdrawal of troops"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-46623617

Präsident Trump hat überraschend den Abzug der US-Truppen aus Syrien angekündigt. Der Sieg über den IS, Trump zufolge der einzige Grund für die Präsenz des US-Militärs in Syrien, sei erreicht. Jonathan Marcus kommentiert die Entscheidung folgendermaßen: "President Trump's decision reverses the official lines of both the Pentagon and the State Department and it places Washington's Kurdish allies in greater jeopardy. US ground operations in north-eastern Syria involve some 2,000 troops, maybe more, and a network of bases and air strips has been established. But to what strategic end? IS is well on the way to being defeated. Syria's President Assad remains in place. If the goal now is to contain Iran or Russia's rising influence in the region then 2,000 troops strung out across a vast swathe of territory may be too small a force to do this. Their presence though does give the US 'skin in the game'. And many will see this decision as yet another indication of the chaos and uncertainty surrounding US policy towards this crucial region."

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15.12.2018

"Yemen war: Can ceasefire deal finally bring peace?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-46575544

Die Konfliktparteien in Jemen haben sich auf einen Waffenstillstand für die Hafenstadt Hudeida verständigt. Der BBC-Korrespondentin Lyse Doucet zufolge wird nun abzuwarten sein, ob die überraschende Einigung tatsächlich umgesetzt werden wird. "''A robust and competent monitoring regime is not just essential, it is urgently needed,' [UN special envoy Martin Griffiths] told the 15-member UN Security Council. A monitoring mechanism, which would need the backing of a security council resolution, is being prepared and expected to deploy shortly. 'Trust is still incredibly low, and I suspect that all it will take is one small provocation and we could see the whole thing blow up,' warns long-time Yemen watcher Peter Salisbury, senior analyst at the International Crisis Group. 'More than anything, it needs constant attention from Griffiths and his team just to prevent a backslide.' 'We'll be watching closely for the next four days,' a member of the Yemeni government delegation told me. 'If the Houthis don't pull their forces out of Hudaydah by then, the entire deal will be dead.'"

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25.11.2018

"Syria war: Aleppo 'gas attack' sparks Russia strikes"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-46337143

Mehreren Berichten zufolge sind bei einem mutmaßlichen Giftgaseinsatz in Aleppo mehr als 100 Menschen verletzt worden. Die syrische Regierung macht Rebellen für den Angriff verantwortlich. "Russia has carried out air strikes against Syrian rebels it accuses of launching a chemical attack on the government-held city of Aleppo. Both Syria and its Russian allies say shells carrying toxic gas injured about 100 people late on Saturday. State media showed images of Aleppo residents being treated in hospital as they struggled to breathe. The rebels deny carrying out a chemical strike and say the claims are a pretext for an attack on opposition-held areas."

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25.11.2018

"Ukraine-Russia tensions flare"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-46340283

Die BBC hat die Entwicklung der Krise in der Straße von Kertsch in einem Live-Blog verfolgt und erläutert die Hintergründe in diesem zusammenfassenden Beitrag. Ein möglicher Faktor der Konfrontation ist demnach die wirtschaftliche Bedeutung der Meerenge für die Ukraine. "The shallow Sea of Azov lies east of Crimea, and south of the Ukrainian regions partially seized by pro-Russian separatists. The two Ukrainian ports on its northern shore - Berdyansk and Mariupol - are key to exporting grain and products such as steel, as well as for importing coal. President Poroshenko has described the ports as key to Ukraine's economy. 'If they block a vessel with Ukrainian iron and steel products from Mariupol for one day, the cost is thousands of dollars,' he told the Washington Post in September. Iron and steel products from Mariupol make up 25% of Ukraine's export revenue, he added."

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21.11.2018

"Trump defends Saudi Arabia ties despite Khashoggi murder"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-46283355

US-Präsident Trump hat sich in seiner Stellungnahme zur Khashoggi-Affäre entschieden an die Seite Saudi-Arabiens gestellt und die Bedeutung der Allianz beider Länder hervorgehoben. "The kingdom is a 'steadfast partner' that has agreed to invest 'a record amount of money' in the US, Mr Trump said in a statement. The president acknowledged Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman 'could very well' have known about Khashoggi's murder. 'In any case, our relationship is with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,' he added."

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19.11.2018

"Yemen war: Houthis 'halting drone and missile strikes'"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-46256874

Die Huthi-Rebellen in Jemen haben einen Waffenstillstand angeboten und damit neue Hoffnungen auf eine Beendigung des über drei Jahre andauernden Krieges geweckt. "The move comes after the coalition ordered a halt in its offensive on the key Yemeni port of Hudaydah. The UN is attempting to revive talks to end a three-year war which has caused the world's worst humanitarian crisis. So far, the war has killed thousands and pushed millions more Yemenis to the brink of starvation. Mohammed Ali al-Houthi, the head of the Houthis' Supreme Revolutionary Committee, said the decision to halt the strikes was made 'after our contacts with the UN envoy' Martin Griffiths. The statement added the Houthis were ready to move towards a wider ceasefire if 'the Saudi-led coalition wants peace'."

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16.11.2018

"US 'preparing indictment against Julian Assange' of WikiLeaks"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-46232609

Offenbar versehentlich veröffentlichten Dokumenten zufolge bereitet das US-Justizministerium eine Anklage gegen den Wikileaks-Gründer Julian Assange vor, der seit mehreren Jahren als freiwilliger Exilant in der Londoner Botschaft Ecuadors lebt. "It is not clear what charges Mr Assange would face there. However, the US Mueller inquiry into alleged Russian election interference has suggested that WikiLeaks was used by Russian intelligence to distribute hacked material. US spy agencies say Russia aimed to help Donald Trump win the 2016 election. Russia denies the allegations. Wikileaks published thousands of emails hacked from Democrats during the presidential race between Mr Trump and Hillary Clinton. (...) One of Mr Assange's lawyers told the Guardian newspaper that charging someone for publishing accurate information was a 'dangerous path for a democracy to take'. 'The news that criminal charges have apparently been filed against Mr Assange is even more troubling than the haphazard manner in which that information has been revealed,' Barry Pollack told the newspaper. The US media reports say US officials are increasingly confident that Mr Assange will be detained and face charges in the US."

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13.11.2018

"Israel-Gaza: Deadly fire traded across border"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-46190571

Die BBC berichtet über das erneute Aufflammen der Gewalt im Gazastreifen. "Seven people have been killed in a flare-up of violence between Israel and Palestinian militants in Gaza. More than 400 rockets have been fired into Israel by militants since Monday night, while Israeli aircraft have hit 150 militant targets in response. Six Palestinians, four of them militants, died in the strikes on Gaza, while a Palestinian civilian was killed in a rocket attack in southern Israel. The United Nations has called on all sides to show restraint. The escalation began when an undercover Israeli special forces operation inside Gaza was exposed on Sunday. A Hamas commander was among seven militants killed in clashes, and an Israeli lieutenant colonel in the undercover unit also died."

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03.11.2018

"Trump re-imposes Iran sanctions: Now what?"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-46075179

US-Präsident Trump hat die Sanktionen der USA gegen den Iran wieder eingesetzt. Die BBC erläutert Einzelheiten der neuen Strafmaßnahmen. "The sanctions that are being re-imposed are the most damaging to the Iranian economy - targeting its oil sales, its wider energy industry, shipping, banking, insurance and so on. In large part these are what is known in the trade as 'secondary sanctions', in that they are intended to apply pressure on other countries to prevent them trading with Tehran. (...) Few analysts believe that Iran's foreign policy in the region will change much. They say it is based on strategic and ideological concerns, rather than simply economic ones, and in any case its activities in Lebanon, Syria and Gaza are probably not expensive enough to trump these other priorities."

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24.10.2018

"Trump and Putin plan Paris meeting"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-45960585

Präsident Trump und Präsident Putin wollen sich im kommenden Monat in Paris treffen, um sich über die Zukunft der Verträge zur Rüstungskontrolle zwischen beiden Ländern auszutauschen. "The pair will meet at World War One centenary commemorations, US National Security Adviser John Bolton said. He was in Moscow to convey US plans to withdraw from the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty. Russia denies US claims it has breached the treaty and warns that withdrawal is a 'dangerous step'."

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23.10.2018

"Khashoggi murder 'planned days in advance' - Turkey's Erdogan"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-45949742

Der türkische Präsident Erdogan hat in seiner Erklärung zum Tod des saudi-arabischen Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi in Istanbul von einem "brutalen" und "geplanten Mord" gesprochen, berichtet die BBC. "President Erdogan said three teams of 15 Saudi nationals had arrived in Istanbul on separate flights in the days and hours leading up to the murder. A day before the killing, he said, some members from the group travelled to Belgrad forest, near the consulate - an area which was last week searched by Turkish police looking for the body. He also described how the team had removed the hard drives from the consulate's surveillance cameras prior to Khashoggi's arrival - who was visiting to obtain documents for his forthcoming marriage. A man who looked like Khashoggi, wearing his outfit, glasses and beard, was among the group seen leaving Istanbul on a flight to Riyadh the same day as the killing, the president added."

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21.10.2018

"Russia nuclear treaty: US warned over threat to scrap deal"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-45931231

Russland hat den angekündigten Austritt der USA aus dem INF-Vertrag als "gefährlichen Schritt" bezeichnet. "'This would be a very dangerous step that, I'm sure, not only will not be comprehended by the international community but will provoke serious condemnation,' Russia's Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said. The treaty is 'significant for international security and security in the sphere of nuclear arms, for the maintenance of strategic stability,' he told state news agency Tass. Mr Ryabkov said Russia condemned US attempts to gain concessions 'through a method of blackmail'. The minister also told the news agency RIA Novosti that if the US continues to behave 'clumsily and crudely' and backs out of international agreements, 'then we will have no choice but to undertake retaliatory measures, including involving military technology'. 'But we would not want to get to this stage,' he added."

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17.10.2018

"Orthodox Church split: Five reasons why it matters"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-45877584

Laurence Peter erläutert, warum die Abspaltung der ukrainischen von der russisch-orthodoxen Kirche nicht nur von theologischem Interesse ist. "There are fears that, with a full-blown dispute between Church authorities, congregations could be shut out of certain churches. President Poroshenko accuses the Kremlin of trying to foment a religious war, and he has warned that Russian agents could try to seize church property. (...) The Constantinople-Moscow split is a difficult issue for many Orthodox churches in Eastern Europe, Mr Shterin says. And their leaders will have to take sides. The Serbian Church is close to Moscow; the Greek Church less so, but many Greek clergy feel close to both Russia and Serbia. Constantinople has annulled the transfer of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church to Moscow's jurisdiction, which happened in 1686. That means the Kiev Patriarchate stands to win back parishes not only in Ukraine but also in parts of Belarus and Lithuania, which it controlled before the Russian empire expanded."

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15.10.2018

"How chemical weapons have helped bring Assad close to victory"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-45586903

Die BBC hat alle gemeldeten Chemiewaffeneinsätze der letzten Jahre in Syrien untersucht und die vorliegenden Informationen in diesem Beitrag zusammengetragen. "Panorama and BBC Arabic examined 164 reports of chemical attacks alleged to have happened since Syria signed up to the CWC just over five years ago. The BBC team determined that there was credible evidence to be confident a chemical weapon was used in 106 of those 164 incidents. While only a few of these attacks have made headlines, the data suggests a pattern of repeated and sustained use of chemical weapons. 'The use of chemical weapons has delivered some outcomes for [government forces] that they believe are worth the risk, and [chemical weapons] have subsequently been shown to be worth the risk because they keep using them, repeatedly,' said Julian Tangaere, former head of the OPCW mission to Syria."

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12.10.2018

"South Korea's Moon optimistic about end to Korean War"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-45832777

Die BBC-Korrespondentin Laura Bicker hat sich in Seoul mit dem südkoreanischen Präsidenten Moon Jae-in über die Erfolgsaussichten der laufenden Verhandlungen mit Nordkorea unterhalten. "South Korean President Moon Jae-in has told the BBC that it is only a matter of time before the US and North Korea declare an end to their state of war on the Korean peninsula. The war ended in 1953 with an armistice but a peace treaty was never signed. Mr Moon, the son of North Korean refugees, also said there could be more diplomatic 'bumps and bruises' as he tries to persuade Kim Jong-un to give up his nuclear weapons. But he described Mr Kim as 'candid'. In an interview with the BBC's Laura Bicker in Seoul, he also said he hoped European leaders would help him to mediate between Mr Kim and US President Donald Trump if negotiations stalled."

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09.10.2018

"Sense of an ending for Syria's war on Idlib front line"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-45796263

Jeremy Bowen berichtet nach seiner Reise durch Idlib in dieser Reportage über die Umstände in der syrischen Provinz, die bald zum Schauplatz des Endes des langen Krieges werden könnte. "A shifting array of Islamist militias stares across the front lines. The dominant one in Idlib is Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), which fields Syrian and foreign jihadists. It is a rebranded version of al-Nusra Front, the al-Qaeda linked group in Syria that was designated as a terrorist organisation by the UN and many Middle Eastern and Western countries. The front-line positions I visited had big earth berms, with firing positions reinforced with sandbags and heavy lorry tyres. Russian troops were also visible until they ducked back into their tents and dugouts to avoid being filmed. (...) A sense of an ending is everywhere in this country. The regime has almost put down the rebellion. But do not forget there are many more ways to spill blood in Syria. Major foreign powers are occupying or bombing parts of the country, and there is a strong risk of escalation when they bump up against each other. The Kurds have carved out territory that they will not give up easily. And the nightmare of one big battle in Idlib is still to come."

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18.09.2018

"Russia blames Israel after military plane shot down off Syria"

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-45556290

Die syrische Luftwaffe hat Berichten zufolge bei der Abwehr eines israelischen Luftangriffs versehentlich ein russisches Militärflugzeug abgeschossen. Das russische Verteidigungsministerium macht Israel für den Vorfall verantwortlich. "In a statement, Russia said Israel's 'irresponsible actions' were to blame, saying it was given less than a minute's warning ahead of the strikes, which was not enough time to get the military surveillance plane out of the way. 'The Israeli planes deliberately created a dangerous situation for surface ships and aircraft in the area,' a defence ministry spokesman said. The spokesman accused Israeli pilots of 'using the Russian airplane as a cover', putting it 'in the line of fire coming from Syrian air defence systems'. (...) It is not possible to verify any of these claims. In a phone call on Tuesday, Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu told his Israeli counterpart Avigdor Lieberman the blame 'fully rests with Israel', adding that Russia 'reserves the right to take further steps in response'."

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11.09.2018

"Russia launches biggest war games since Cold War"

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-45470460

Die BBC berichtet über den Beginn des größten Militärmanövers Russlands seit dem Ende des Kalten Kriegs im Osten Sibiriens. "Russia has launched its biggest military exercise since the Cold War, involving about 300,000 service personnel, in eastern Siberia. China is sending 3,200 troops to take part in 'Vostok-2018', with many Chinese armoured vehicles and aircraft. Mongolia is also sending some units. The last Russian exercise of similar scale was in 1981, during the Cold War, but Vostok-2018 involves more troops. The week-long manoeuvres come at a time of heightened Nato-Russia tensions."

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Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

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