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Boston Globe


»http://www.bostonglobe.com«

24.06.2019

"Don’t underestimate Trump’s foreign policy"

https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2019/06/24/don-underestimate-trump-foreign-policy/kCD0qX8yigFqldDEvtF
tgN/story.html

Der britische Historiker Niall Ferguson erkennt in der US-Außenpolitik im Nahen Osten und gegenüber China eine Strategie, die seiner Ansicht nach von vielen Kritikern des US-Präsidenten übersehen wird. Ein Erfolg Trumps sei dadurch allerdings nicht garantiert. "'Linkage' was a term introduced to American diplomacy by Henry Kissinger at the outset of the Nixon administration. (...) When we think of the current president, the word 'links' tends to conjure up golf courses rather than grand strategy. And yet the Trump administration’s foreign policy is too frequently underestimated. Linkage is central to it. Consider the following linked issues. First, there is Trump’s use of tariffs to force China to change its behavior with respect to trade. Second, there is the related 'tech war,' which is being waged not only against the Chinese company Huawei but more generally in the area of artificial intelligence. Third, there is Washington’s effort to alter the balance of power in the Middle East to the disadvantage of Iran — an effort that very nearly led to a retaliatory air strike on Thursday night after the Iranians shot down a US drone. Finally, there is the president’s desire to keep the American economy growing, which explains his renewed pressure on the Federal Reserve and especially its chair, Jerome Powell. (...) Still, let’s not get carried away. Linkage can backfire if a single failure causes a chain reaction."

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29.01.2019

"In the Balkans, diplomacy wins a round"

https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2019/01/29/balkans-diplomacy-wins-round/DvpfLkI2I2GLvn0fbjhEmO/story.
html

Jeff Jacoby meint, dass die Einigung im Namensstreit zwischen Mazedonien und Griechenland im Kontext anderer politischer Krisen besonders hervorgehoben werden sollte. "To outsiders, it may seem absurd that Greece persisted for so long in such a trivial and antiquated feud. Countries all over the world share names without imputing malign intentions to each other. Guinea, Equatorial Guinea, and Guinea-Bissau coexist peacefully in Africa. Ditto Samoa and American Samoa in the South Pacific. Then again, who is to say which grudges are too trivial or antiquated to take seriously? Resentments run deep in the Balkans, where ghastly conflicts erupted at both the opening and the close of the 20th century, but they also run deep in the Middle East, and in Kashmir, and in Afghanistan. (...) Happily, the long skirmish over the name 'Macedonia' never reached that extreme. It was a pigheaded quarrel that could have led to violence; instead it is ending in compromise and relief. Every now and then, statesmen and diplomats do the right thing, and the world becomes a little better."

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15.08.2017

"Prevent a second Korean War by replacing the Kim regime"

https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/columns/2017/08/15/prevent-korean-war-replacing-kim-regime/cSm3Nvi0iX
ErHUoq09Ox3N/story.html

Nach Ansicht von Jeff Jacoby sollte die US-Regierung nicht die nordkoreanischen Atomwaffen, sondern das Regime von Kim Jong Un als tatsächliche Bedrohung ansehen. Eine neue US-Strategie sollte auf den Sturz des Herrschers abzielen, so Jacobys Forderung. "That does not mean going to war. It does mean working to induce North Korea’s military and political elites to depose the dictator. It means circumventing the information blackout Pyongyang imposes within its borders, and flooding North Koreans with accurate information about the crimes of their rulers — and encouraging them to rise up in their own liberation. It means persuading China of the benefits it would realize from helping to bring about a post-Kim North Korea. Just for starters, those benefits include a much greater likelihood that two key US allies, Japan and South Korea, won’t be tempted to build nuclear arsenals of their own."

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04.08.2017

"Moscow is our friend. Honest."

https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2017/08/04/moscow-our-friend-honest/Ep5E5aBZbtGiUGyGY7fsrJ/story.html

Stephen Kinzer vom Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs der Brown University meint, dass viele Amerikaner Russland heute zu Unrecht als großen Feind der USA betrachten. Der antirussische Instinkt sei seit vielen Jahrzehnten Teil der amerikanischen Psyche, habe heute aber nicht mehr viel mit der internationalen Realität zu tun. "Russia does not threaten any vital American interest. Its policies in Syria and the rest of the Middle East are in line with America’s stated desire to crush militant fanatics. Its wariness of China matches our own. As for charges that Russia intervened in an American election, they are serious and deserve investigation — but hardly the basis for howls of anger from a country that is the world champion in manipulating foreign elections. (...) Our interests are to lure Russia away from a possible strategic partnership with China; establish a security architecture in Europe that protects both NATO countries and Russia; and work with Russia to stabilize the Middle East. When emotion and prejudice are put aside, Russia is revealed as a potential partner of ours, not an enemy."

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16.06.2017

"Let’s make a deal"

https://www.bostonglobe.com/ideas/2017/06/16/let-make-deal/vmuAWLjdd9wgZOTWfqa7PI/story.html

Thanassis Cambanis erläutert den ideologischen Hintergrund der Außenpolitik von US-Präsident Trump, der die traditionelle Rolle der USA als "wohlwollende Hegemonialmacht" ablehne. Für Jahrzehnte hätten die USA die Kosten für die Aufrechterhaltung des internationalen Systems auf sich genommen, da die Supermacht von diesem System langfristig profitiert habe. Trumps Außenpolitik strebe dagegen einen unmittelbaren und kurzfristigen Nutzen für die USA an. "Transactions will no longer be a tactic but the goal itself; each interaction must be a win for the United States — no more short-term compromises to achieve long-term goals. (...) He wants to retreat from international commitments, and is willing to explode norms and institutions that make the world safer and richer, but he doesn’t want to retreat from the world itself. He’s happy to get involved, piecemeal and opportunistically, to make a buck here and a splash there. (...) This approach is not pure isolationism, but it is chauvinistic and indifferent to the needs of America’s allies (and the capabilities of its enemies to cause problems). Even as it harms America’s long-term standing and interests, Trump’s approach might well reap some short-term political wins that boost his popularity among Americans who have always been ambivalent about their superpower role."

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17.04.2017

"Are we on the brink of a second Korean War?"

https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2017/04/17/are-brink-second-korean-war/ZT6MaMO55nnCkWwsqCQsZL/story.h
tml

US-Präsident Trump habe mit seiner Nordkorea-Strategie die risikoreiche Außenpolitik der Frühzeit des Kalten Krieges wiederbelebt, schreibt der britische Historiker Niall Ferguson. "Brinkmanship is back — and the world is back on the brink of war. In the 1950s, the word came to be associated with John Foster Dulles, secretary of state for President Dwight Eisenhower. But brinkmanship fell into disrepute in the wake of the Berlin and Cuban Missile Crises under Eisenhower’s successor. As far as John F. Kennedy was concerned, in those two crises the United States and the Soviet Union had come far too close to jumping over the brink into nuclear Armageddon. Now we have come full circle. One of Eisenhower’s first steps as president was to end the Korean War. More than 60 years have passed and now President Donald Trump’s revival of brinkmanship has summoned up the specter of Korean War II."

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14.03.2017

"The joy of benevolent dictatorship"

https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2017/03/14/the-joy-benevolent-dictatorship/hcpPbAlrDmZewxiXRZQIgN/sto
ry.html

Die politische Stabilität des Königreichs Oman beruht nach Ansicht von Stephen Kinzer auf einer erfolgreichen Mischung aus Konsens und Diktatur. Die einzige Unsicherheit sei das Alter Sultan Qaboos bin Saids, der seit 1970 auf dem Thron sitze und als Architekt des Erfolgs gelte. "Oman shares a border with impoverished and war-devastated Yemen. To the west lies Saudi Arabia, which resents Oman’s stubborn neutrality. The failed states of Somalia and Eritrea are nearby. It is in the world’s interest, and the interest of the United States, that Oman remain a vibrantly independent force in the Middle East after the royal transition that lies ahead. If the United States or other powers force it to begin taking sides in regional disputes, we will lose a valuable peacemaker."

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13.09.2016

"9/11 Saudi Arabia bill opens US to avalanche of lawsuits"

https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2016/09/13/saudi-arabia-bill-opens-avalanche-lawsuits/o7xOp2BBdAhd5ca
Kv0GNpI/story.html

Der US-Kongress hat wie erwartet ein Gesetz verabschiedet, das Hinterbliebenen der Opfer des 11. Septembers 2001 erlauben würde, Angehörige der saudi-arabischen Regierung wegen ihrer angeblichen Unterstützung der 9/11-Attentäter zu verklagen. US-Präsident Obama hat sein Veto angekündigt, das jedoch vom Kongress überstimmt werden könnte. Stephen Kinzer warnt vor den Folgen einer solchen "emotionalen" Entscheidung. "This circus would run in both directions. If Americans can sue Saudi Arabia because its government supports terror groups, they can also sue Pakistan. Since the 9/11 attacks were directed from Afghanistan, it could also be on the target list. An American judge might even find Germany guilty of negligence for failing to monitor the attackers while they were living in Hamburg. (...) Americans have a right to be furious with some foreign governments. People in other countries have an equal right to be furious with the United States. We best address that fury not with lawsuits, but by changing the way we approach the world."

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14.06.2016

"Orlando shooting shows how ISIS calls the shots"

https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2016/06/13/orlando-shooting-shows-how-isis-calls-shots/MmOsqLlQ4dvZXO
GRpA9WkO/story.html

Das Massaker von Orlando wird von Robert Pape als Beleg für den weitreichenden Einfluss der Ideologie des "Islamischen Staates" angesehen. Es sei müßig zu diskutieren, ob der IS die Tat angewiesen habe, die Terrororganisation sei heute nicht mehr Regisseur, sondern Produzent derartiger Anschläge. "The truth is that ISIS is creating a new role for themselves, not as the director who maps out the plans, or even the actors who carry it out, but rather as the producers of terror who ensure that operations are a success by attracting the right cast, providing a rough draft of the script, and ensuring publicity after the fact. (...) Working within the system with easy-to-obtain materials is a key tactic that Al Qaeda advocated in its online magazine Inspire. ISIS has taken this a step further by using its own publications, including the magazine Dabiq, as not just how-to guides, but as glossy publicity broadsheets, a sort of jihadi People magazine, glorifying those who carry out terror in the name of ISIS. Appearing on the pages of Dabiq means you have made it in the world of ISIS operatives, and these jihadi 'celebrities' have often garnered top billing for carrying out high-profile operations, despite little previous contact with the group."

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27.03.2016

"Why there are Muslim ghettos in Belgium, but not in the US"

http://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/columns/2016/03/27/why-there-are-muslim-ghettoes-belgium-but-not-unite
d-states/zek1CSRR0epWhLmSCiPWKK/story.html

Nach den Anschlägen von Brüssel und den Berichten über radikalislamische Extremisten in Belgien erläutert Jeff Jacoby, warum die USA von einer derartigen Entwicklung unter amerikanischen Muslimen bisher verschont geblieben sei. "Given America’s wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, the bloody battles with Islamic regimes and insurgents, and the threat to homeland security from 'lone wolf' terror attacks, it might seem surprising that Muslims in Detroit or Brooklyn aren’t at least as alienated as those in Molenbeek. But they aren’t. For despite the rise of identity politics and the balkanizing pressures of multicultural correctness, America’s melting pot still works. Generations of Muslim immigrants have come to America to escape repression, poverty, or war in their homelands. The life they have made for themselves here has been freer, safer, more prosperous, and more embracing than the existence they left behind. There are tensions, but not enough to keep most Muslims from fitting themselves comfortably into the American mosaic. (...) Americanization — E Pluribus Unum — is not only a key ingredient in the American Dream. It also keeps us safe."

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15.05.2015

"Dzhokhar Tsarnaev gets death penalty for placing Marathon bomb"

http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2015/05/15/dzhokhar-tsarnaev-death-penalty-sentencing-jury-boston-marath
on-bombing/canMEfLmeQJxQ4rFU0sERJ/story.html

Dschochar Zarnajew ist wegen seiner Beteiligung am Terroranschlag auf den Boston-Marathon 2013 von einem US-Bundesgericht zum Tode verurteilt worden. Der Boston Globe berichtet über die Urteilsverkündung. "The jury of seven women and five men deliberated for 14½ hours over three days before reaching its verdict. Some jurors were visibly shaken as the verdict was read and the judge thanked them for their service. They did not seem to look at Tsarnaev. The jury’s call for the ultimate punishment comes in a state and city that polls show to be overwhelmingly against the death penalty."

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02.10.2014

"The jihadi hunters"

http://www.bostonglobe.com/ideas/2014/10/02/the-jihadi-hunters/tTC2t6UNIyzlioSoGBs5VO/story.html

Ein nicht unerheblicher Teil der Informationen über den Islamischen Staat stammt Thanassis Cambanis zufolge aus sozialen Netzwerken. Aktivisten nutzen demnach Twitter und andere Dienste, um die Online-Aktivitäten der IS-Dschihadisten zu verfolgen und zu veröffentlichen. Das Netzwerk privater Experten werde auch aus professioneller Sicht ernst genommen. "Despite some friction, their research is forcing the academic and intelligence establishment to treat Twitter, Facebook, and other social media as important sources of data. The small world of social media analysts who have established reliable reputations over time, relying on information freely available in the public domain, implicitly challenges the US government’s claim that only massive, secret surveillance can penetrate jihadi networks."

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02.10.2014

"The jihadi hunters"

http://www.bostonglobe.com/ideas/2014/10/02/the-jihadi-hunters/tTC2t6UNIyzlioSoGBs5VO/story.html

Ein nicht unerheblicher Teil der Informationen über den Islamischen Staat stammt Thanassis Cambanis zufolge aus sozialen Netzwerken. Aktivisten nutzen demnach Twitter und andere Dienste, um die Online-Aktivitäten der IS-Dschihadisten zu verfolgen und zu veröffentlichen. Das Netzwerk privater Experten werde auch aus professioneller Sicht ernst genommen. "Despite some friction, their research is forcing the academic and intelligence establishment to treat Twitter, Facebook, and other social media as important sources of data. The small world of social media analysts who have established reliable reputations over time, relying on information freely available in the public domain, implicitly challenges the US government’s claim that only massive, secret surveillance can penetrate jihadi networks."

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08.06.2014

"Europe’s wimpy servility is really wisdom"

http://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2014/06/07/presses-europe-crimea-but-europe-wisely-resists/d2W4jrUU6ZQ
Swptpdk8AAL/story.html

Stephen Kinzer schreibt, dass viele Amerikaner die aussenpolitische Haltung der EU gegenüber Russland zu Unrecht als "erbärmliche Diensteifrigkeit" verachteten. Die USA hätten immer schon den "Luxus" gehabt, Länder in die Konfrontation zu treiben, ohne selbst direkt von den Folgen betroffen zu sein. Europa und andere Kontinente hätten dagegen lernen müssen, rivalisierende Interessen auszugleichen. "Managing old resentments and enmities is a delicate job — especially in Europe, where modern history testifies to how horribly things can go wrong when conflict breaks out. Fortunately, geography has given Europeans an instinct to cooperate and compromise. Americans, unchallenged masters of an enormous continent, never had to develop this instinct. (...) Europe is returning to history. In the years ahead, European countries will often find that they have more in common with one another than with the United States."

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