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"The Only Impeachment Guide You’ll Ever Need"

Mit der Übernahme des Repräsentantenhauses durch die Demokraten ist die Wahrscheinlichkeit eines Amtsenthebungsverfahrens gegen Präsident Trump gestiegen. Politico hat in diesem Übersichtsbeitrag wichtige Informationen über das Verfahren zusammengestellt. "As talk of the I-word heats up, here’s POLITICO Magazine’s soup-to-nuts answers to all your questions about the politics — and the practical realities — of removing a president."

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"Trump reverses course, tells Pentagon to boost budget request to $750 billion"

US-Präsident Trump hat noch vor kurzem eine grundsätzliche Kürzung des Verteidigungshaushalts in Erwägung gezogen. Nun habe Trump dem Pentagon allerdings empfohlen, dem Kongress ein deutlich erhöhtes Budget vorzuschlagen, berichtet Wesley Morgan. "President Donald Trump has told Defense Secretary Jim Mattis to submit a $750 billion budget proposal for fiscal 2020, in a reversal from his pledge to trim defense spending, two people familiar with the budget negotiations have told POLITICO. (...) That would dwarf the $733 billion budget proposal Mattis and other top military leaders have been fighting to preserve and would represent a stunning about-face for a president who recently called the fiscal 2019 top line of $716 billion for defense spending 'crazy.'"

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"Europe hasn’t won the war on terror"

Trotz mancher Erfolge im Kampf gegen dschihadistische Terrorgruppen in Europa sollte nach Ansicht von Petter Nesser vom Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI) nicht davon ausgegangen werden, dass das Schlimmste vorüber sei. "(...) jihadist attacks in Europe are down just over 60 percent since their peak last year, suggesting Europe has fought back against the onslaught of attacks inspired by Islamic State. Unfortunately, that is not the case. It’s a common mistake to measure the terrorist threat by the number of attacks carried out. To understand the scale and nature of the threat we must not only study successful attacks — but also look at the plots foiled by counterterrorism efforts. (...) while toughened European counterterrorism efforts may have weakened the capabilities of these radicalized networks, we are not yet in the clear. A main trigger for jihadist attacks in Europe are military interventions, especially the invasion of Iraq in 2003. As such, the demise of the Islamic State at the hands of the anti-ISIS coalition will surely motivate further retaliation. And if the most active parts of Europe’s jihadist networks have taken a hit, at least temporarily, as a result of stepped-up anti-terror efforts, it’s possible we’ll see new and even stronger networks emerge."

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"How Jamal Khashoggi’s Murder Shook the World"

Saudi-Arabien habe völlig unterschätzt, dass der Tod eines Journalisten möglicherweise weitreichende geopolitische Konsequenzen haben könnte, schreibt Frida Ghitis. "Amazingly, the Khashoggi case remains in the headlines a full three weeks after the Saudi columnist walked into his country’s consulate in Istanbul and disappeared. Efforts by the president of the United States and the government of Saudi Arabia to quiet the global obsession with Khashoggi’s fate are failing spectacularly. Why is that? Why, in an era when shocking news stories gush out firehose-style, relentlessly pushing the previous ones aside, is this one proving impossible to wash away? The overriding explanation is that Khashoggi’s killing contains the essence of all the fears that surround us in this era of political uncertainty: It’s the era of Donald Trump; of rising authoritarianism; of increasingly amoral, transactional politics; of leaders who lie without hesitation or remorse. In short, Khashoggi’s gruesome ending looks like the dramatized, personalized version of our fears: evidence of the collapse of the liberal world order."

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"Republicans and Democrats find common foe: Saudi crown prince"

Der Khashoggi-Skandal hat im US-Kongress zu einer mittlerweile seltenen Einigkeit zwischen Demokraten und Republikanern geführt. Patrick Temple-West berichtet, dass auf der Grundlage des Magnitski-Gesetzes bald Sanktionen gegen Saudi-Arabien beschlossen werden könnten. "'We’ve invoked the Magnitsky Act, which says within 120 days from when we did it a week ago, a full investigation has to take place and sanctions should be put place for anybody who’s had anything to do with it,' [Sen. Bob Corker (R-Tenn.)] said. (...) Speaking on NBC’s 'Meet the Press,' Sen. Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) said 'the crown prince has his fingerprints all over this' and added that he thinks the kingdom should 'pay a price for it.' He suggested the Saudi ambassador to the United States be expelled. Minutes later, Sen. Thom Tillis (R-N.C.) said on NBC: 'I agree with everything Dick Durbin just said.' He added: 'In Saudi Arabia, you do not do something of this magnitude without having clearance from the top. We need to find out who that is and hold them accountable.'"

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"Mueller report PSA: Prepare for disappointment"

Die Hoffnung vieler Trump-Kritiker, dass dem US-Präsidenten durch den Abschlussbericht von Sonderermittler Robert Mueller skandalöse Russlandverbindungen nachgewiesen werden können, wird Darren Samuelsohn zufolge wohl enttäuscht werden. "That’s the word POLITICO got from defense lawyers working on the Russia probe and more than 15 former government officials with investigation experience spanning Watergate to the 2016 election case. The public, they say, shouldn’t expect a comprehensive and presidency-wrecking account of Kremlin meddling and alleged obstruction of justice by Trump — not to mention an explanation of the myriad subplots that have bedeviled lawmakers, journalists and amateur Mueller sleuths. Perhaps most unsatisfying: Mueller’s findings may never even see the light of day."

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"Can The Oil Threat Spare Saudi Arabia from America’s Wrath?"

Die Öl-Expertin Amy Myers Jaffe erklärt, welche Auswirkungen es hätte, wenn Saudi-Arabien im Khashoggi-Skandal auf westliche Sanktionen mit dem Einsatz seiner "Öl-Waffe" antworten würde. Schon die offene Androhung könnte die betroffenen Regierungen demnach veranlassen, sich langfristig stärker um energiepolitische Alternativen zu bemühen. "Several pundits have explained why unsheathing the oil weapon would not be in Saudi Arabia’s self-interest, and current oil prices, which have risen only modestly in recent days, reflect that belief. Still, the threat itself matters. Its political damage has already been done. It’s hard to remain a central banker who inspires confidence after you have threatened to bankrupt your depositors. The kingdom needs to go to incredible lengths to retract this reckless impression before it sets into a permanent stain, or it may find that its customers will take concrete actions to remove the risk. Some countries were already looking closely at how to accelerate electric cars, alternative energy programs and other oil-saving measures in light of climate change. Now many more countries will have impetus to do so quickly."

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"How Europe can stop African migration"

Politico hat eine Reihe von europäischen Politikern und Migrationsexperten danach gefragt, wie die EU die Migration aus Afrika mit einem 6-Milliarden-Euro-Programm effektiv eindämmen könnte. "Europe pledged to spend €6 billion in Turkey to keep refugees on the other side of the border. Some have suggested spending a similar amount in Africa. POLITICO asked Europe’s leading migration experts and policymakers: If the EU had €6 billion to spend on managing migration from Africa, how and where should the bloc spend it?"

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"Erdoğan’s German lovefest turns into a slugfest"

Matthew Karnitschnig schreibt, dass sich der Staatsbesuch von Präsident Erdogan in Deutschland schnell in einen "Schlagabtausch" verwandelt habe. "By the end of his first full day in Berlin, Erdoğan had ditched his nice guy act and was back in attack mode. Angela Merkel, meanwhile, found herself struggling to defend her government against accusations it is aiding and abetting Erdoğan’s efforts to thwart press freedom. (...) While it was clear from the outset that Erdoğan’s trip would be fraught with diplomatic pitfalls, few predicted the public relations fiasco that played out during his first 24 hours in the German capital."

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"Here’s Why World Leaders Are Laughing at Trump"

US-Präsident Trump sei bei seinem Auftritt vor der UN-Vollversammlung auf Unverständnis gestoßen, da der von ihm verfolgte diplomatische Ansatz sich bereits jetzt als fruchtlos und gefährlich erwiesen habe, schreibt auch Jarrett Blanc. "(...) Trump is setting diplomatic targets that cannot be met. As a result, his offers of dialogue are empty, and the world knows it. Worse, Trump — or at least the hard-line advisers who have latched on to him — is trying to change how we assess the legitimacy of diplomacy and other national security tools in our domestic politics. If their efforts are not countered, they will make agreements less likely and conflict more likely even after his presidency is long over. (...) by inflating treaties and disparaging other forms of international agreements, the Trump administration is trying to undermine diplomacy, not to strengthen it. Demanding that future agreements be concluded as treaties sets an impossibly high bar. To ratify a treaty, two-thirds of the Senate must vote in favor. Our politics just does not allow for that kind of consensus. (...) So why is the administration fixated on treaties? I fear they are trying to do two things. Both, frankly, nefarious. First, they are trying to mask their contempt for congressional oversight. (...) Second, and more dangerously, saying that no deal is legitimate if it cannot get two-thirds of the Senate is the practical equivalent of saying, 'no deal.'"

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"Foreign policy bigwigs: Trump risking war with Iran"

Mehr als 50 frühere Mitarbeiter der US-Regierung haben Präsident Trump in einem öffentlichen Brief aufgefordert, seinen Iran-Kurs zu korrigieren. "The statement, shared first with POLITICO, is unusual in that it acknowledges the legitimacy of Trump’s criticisms of Iran’s overall behavior, even as it pushes the president to rethink his strategy. 'Applying pressure and unilateral sanctions without viable diplomatic options ... could lead to a more dangerous, destructive and enduring regional conflict with Iran,' argue the more than 50 people who signed the statement. Among the signatories: former Director of National Intelligence James Clapper, who served Republican and Democratic presidents; former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, who served in the Democratic administration of Bill Clinton; and former Treasury Secretary Paul O’Neill, who served the GOP White House of George W. Bush."

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"Let the Balkan Great Games begin"

Der frühere portugiesische Europaminister Bruno Maçães schreibt in seiner Analyse der sicherheitspolitischen Lage in Mazedonien, dass China neben Russland eine immer wichtigere Rolle auf dem Balkan spiele. "Is this a game — a new Great Game — between Russia and the West? Not quite. There’s another player at the table. The next day I meet another of the main political figures fighting the name change. As we sit down sipping caffè freddos in the pleasant Manda Kafe, Ljupco Palevski tells me Macedonia is a battlefield between two powers. On one side, the West. On the other … China. China or Russia? I ask. 'Russia is only muscles. The mind is China, and the money is China.' (...) an agent of a European intelligence service operating in Skopje (...) told me he is less optimistic than his political masters that Macedonia will have a European future. China, although cautious and methodical, is increasing its economic influence here, while Russia has a limited goal in mind: not to stop Macedonia from joining the Western club but to make sure that it does not succeed after it becomes a member. As Skopje moves toward NATO and EU memberships, there will be plenty of opportunities to pour yet more sand into the West’s engine."

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"Danish left veering right on immigration"

In Dänemark werden die Pläne der konservativen Regierung für strengere Maßnahmen zur Integration von Einwanderern durch die sozialdemokratische Opposition ausdrücklich unterstützt, berichtet Naomi O'Leary. "A recent government proposal, to be finalized by parliament in the fall, would target the country’s so-called ghetto neighborhoods with a series of sanctions and incentives. The intention is to bring immigrant communities fully into Danish society — by force if necessary. (...) The last touches to the package are expected to be fully approved with a large parliamentary majority, including the enthusiastic support of the largest opposition party, the left-wing Danish Social Democrats. (...) 'Why should the social democratic position be we should leave people alone, and leave the right with the argument that we have to have a common cultural background?' asked Tesfaye, the son of a Danish woman and a refugee from Ethiopia, who serves as the party’s point person on the issue. 'It should be a core issue for social democratic parties to break down these parallel societies and make sure we all belong to each other.' The strategy may be paying off: Opinion polls indicate the party may lead a left-wing coalition into government next year."

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"Is the Left Ready to Handle National Security?"

Van Jackson hält es für möglich, dass US-Präsident Trump bei den Wahlen 2020 von einem progressiven Herausforderer der US-Demokraten geschlagen werden könnte. Noch sei allerdings unklar, welche außen- und sicherheitspolitischen Folgen dies haben würde. Bisher deute einiges darauf hin, dass eine progressive Außenpolitik sich von einer neoliberalen kaum unterscheiden würde. "One of the problems with the left’s principled foreign policy positions is that they resemble something the left has spent a lifetime rallying against: neoliberalism. For the left, the term 'neoliberalism' has often had a pejorative association with capitalist empire; a ruling class controlling the global means of production while the rest of us take out loans for our avocado toast. Yet neoliberal foreign policy — especially as understood in the field of international relations — reflects a commitment to democracy promotion, human rights, economic interdependence, multilateralism over unilateralism, the primacy of upholding international commitments and the legitimacy of international institutions like the United Nations. In other words, a neoliberal foreign policy looks strikingly similar to what the left repeatedly advocates. It should thus be unsurprising that some neoliberals are of the political left."

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"17 Years After 9/11, People Are Finally Forgetting About Terrorism"

Daniel Benjamin, der von 2009 bis 2012 als Terrorabwehrexperte in der Obama-Regierung tätig war, begrüßt, dass viele Amerikaner 17 Jahre nach den Anschlägen vom 11. September offenbar nicht länger auf die Bedrohung durch den Terrorismus fixiert seien. "U.S. public opinion had become a runaway train on issue of terrorism, to the detriment of our broader interests. That’s a natural consequence of a political debate on terrorism that had lost touch with reality — as when, in 2014, Senator Lindsey Graham declared on 'Fox News Sunday,' 'I think of an American city in flames because of the terrorists’ ability to operate in Syria and Iraq.' (...) One important benefit of the declining obsession with terrorism is that it has allowed the biggest agency in the government, the Defense Department — which appears to have recognized U.S. over-investment in one threat area — to begin reallocating resources. (...) In light of over-the-top polarization, there is no reason to believe that our politicians won’t revert to the kind of outbidding on terrorism that had prodded the expansion of the counterterrorism machinery at the expense of so much else. And the nature of the media hasn’t changed: If anything, social media seems to be increasing the reverberation of news opinion that feeds outsize anxieties. A lot may depend on how much time there is until the next substantial attack, and, of course, what that event looks like. It’s not a test I’m looking forward to."

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"The bad Germans"

In vielen Reaktionen auf die Unruhen in Chemnitz sei das Problem sehr schnell auf das Bundesland Sachsen eingegrenzt worden, schreibt Konstantin Richter. Die Rückkehr rechtsextremer Gewalt passe nicht ins "Drehbuch" der deutschen Vergangenheitsbewältigung und werde deshalb als ostdeutsches Problem charakterisiert. Diese regionale Aufteilung in "gute" und "böse" Deutsche sei allerdings nicht nur "dumm", sondern auch gefährlich. "The good Germans in the west, for their part, are deeply confused by the rise of right-wing violence. A relapse just wasn’t in the script. And so, they blame the easterners. They will admit grudgingly that some right-wing violence occurs in western states as well — and then add that Saxony or Mecklenburg-Vorpommern are far worse. The Federal Republic of Germany, they say, would have been better off if the country had not been reunified. That’s wishful thinking. After three decades, the lives of people in the east and west are far too interconnected to allow for such a distinction. (...) The notion of a good and a bad Germany is pretty old. It’s found in oft-made juxtapositions: Goethe and Goebbels, Heine and Hitler, Beethoven and Buchenwald. The implication is that the Germans are a special people, capable of extreme good as well as of extreme bad. That may be true. But any suggestion that a good Germany can be found in the west and a bad Germany somewhere further east is stupid. If more and more east Germans embrace the idea that they are the bad Germans, things will get much worse — and not just in Saxony."

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"Germany’s Islam problem"

Nach Ansicht von Matthew Karnitschnig verdeutlichen die Unruhen in Chemnitz, wie sehr rechte Parteien und Bewegungen wie die AfD in Deutschland von der Flüchtlingskrise ab 2015 profitiert haben. "Germany’s political establishment, meanwhile, has taken to the airwaves, in what might best be described as ritualistic soul-searching. 'For far too long, we didn’t recognize the dimension of the problem or weren’t willing to,' Marco Wanderwitz, a state secretary in the interior ministry, said on public television. Though Wanderwitz was referring to the outbreak of right-wing violence, many in the country would argue the same is true for the government’s handling of the refugee question. (...) Amid the neo-Nazi attacks in Chemnitz, Merkel’s coalition has succeeded in steering the debate away from refugee violence to the dangers of the extreme right. For now. If the last few months are any indication, that tactic won’t work for long."

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"Trump anxiety spreads through South Korea"

Auch in Südkorea werde die sprunghafte Nordkorea-Strategie des US-Präsidenten mit zunehmender Besorgnis beobachtet, schreibt Cory Bennett. "The president has earned the respect of many people here for his unconventional diplomacy in meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, even among those who otherwise deride Trump as a 'merchant' who lacks the 'class' of his predecessor. But behind the surprising goodwill and relentlessly upbeat pronouncements from Seoul officials, there are creeping doubts, according to interviews this summer with current and former government advisers, a leading politician, foreign policy specialists, journalists and North Korean defectors. Among the concerns are frustration that Trump has failed to secure a formal end to the Korean War while negotiating on nuclear disarmament; worries that the president is simply seeking a 'trophy' for meeting with Kim and won’t be as engaged in the hard work to come; doubts about the 'hubris' of the White House’s all-or-nothing approach to negotiating with Pyongyang, as opposed to the incremental process favored by many South Koreans; and dismay over why Trump would launch a trade war with China at a time when he needs Beijing’s help in keeping pressure on North Korea."

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"Merkel quashes foreign minister’s (anti) American Dream"

Bundeskanzlerin Merkel habe sich den Überlegungen von Außenminister Maas über die künftige USA-Strategie Deutschlands recht schnell und deutlich entgegengestellt, stellt Matthew Karnitschnig fest. "Angela Merkel slapped down her foreign minister for calling on Europe to be more forceful in emancipating itself from the U.S., dismissing his initiative as an 'expression of opinion' that was not discussed with her beforehand. Merkel stressed that Europe’s security cooperation with the U.S. remains 'extremely useful.' 'For me that carries a lot of weight,' she added. The German dispute illustrates both the degree to which Trump has thrown transatlantic relations off kilter and the difficulty Europe’s leaders are having in articulating a coherent approach to Washington."

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"Merkel bows to Trump demand on Nazi guard"

Die Auslieferung des heute 94-jährigen früheren SS-Mitglieds Jakiw Palij nach Deutschland sei vor allem aufgrund des Drucks durch US-Präsident Trump zustande gekommen, berichtet Matthew Karnitschnig. "Though the case received little attention in Germany over the years, it was often front page news in New York, where protestors regularly gathered in front of Palij’s home demanding he be deported. President Donald Trump, who grew up in the New York borough of Queens, where Palij has lived for nearly seven decades, instructed Richard Grenell, his ambassador to Germany, to make resolving the case a priority. 'I felt very strongly that the German government had a moral obligation and they accepted that,' Grenell said at the U.S. Embassy in Berlin on Tuesday."

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"Manafort trial has Ukraine freshly nervous about Trump"

Das Verfahren gegen den ehemaligen Wahlkampfmanager Donald Trumps, Paul Manafort, ist in der Ukraine David Stern zufolge mit einiger Besorgnis beobachtet worden. Manafort, der als Berater in der Ukraine aktiv war und dem u.a. Steuer- und Bankbetrug vorgeworfen werden, gelte in Kiew immer noch als Freund Donald Trumps. Ukrainische Ermittlungen in diesem Fall blieben deshalb unwahrscheinlich. "'The Ukrainian government will try to ignore this,' Alyona Getmanchuk, director of the Kiev-base New Europe Center, a think tank that promotes European and Western standards in Ukraine, told POLITICO. 'Manafort is a person who was close to President Trump, and for whom Trump still may hold some sympathy.' 'They fear losing Trump’s support, or to provoke an unnecessary conflict with the US administration,' she added. Still, some politicians and anti-corruption advocates believe new information disclosed in Manafort’s trial on bank and tax fraud charges should trigger new criminal action in Ukraine against officials and oligarchs who lavished Manafort with cash."

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"Trump’s Iran Sanctions Are Backfiring in Iraq"

Mit den neuen Sanktionen gegen den Iran habe die US-Regierung auch den Irak unter Druck gesetzt, schreibt Geneive Abdo. Zunächst habe die Regierung in Bagdad angedeutet, den amerikanischen Vorgaben zu folgen, nun mehrten sich die Forderungen nach einer Ausnahmeregelung. "The reason: Iraq, which shares a 1,458-kilometer border with Iran, could be badly hurt by the sanctions. Iraq relies on its eastern neighbor for everything from gas supplies to electricity to water and foodstuffs. Not only is Iraq in a no-win position, but it is the United States, which still maintains some 5,200 troops in Iraq, that put it there: The country’s dependence on Iranian trade and public services is largely due to the U.S. invasion in 2003. (...) If (...) Iraq violates sanctions and is hit by U.S. penalties, it is likely to place the country further into Iran’s sphere of influence — exactly what President Donald Trump’s administration says the United States wants to combat in the broader Middle East, where Iran is becoming increasingly powerful."

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"Germany gains upper hand in European split over Trump trade strategy"

Im Streit um die europäische Strategie im Handelskonflikt mit den USA habe Deutschland, das den USA im Gegensatz zu Frankreich Zugeständnisse anbieten wolle, die Oberhand gewonnen, berichten Hans von der Burchard und Jakob Hanke. "Berlin is shaping Juncker’s agenda, suggesting three offers that he could take to Trump on July 25 to resolve the dispute, according to people familiar with the plans. The French are uneasy about the wisdom of such a conciliatory approach, however, and publicly accuse Trump of seeking to splinter and weaken the 28-member bloc, which he has called his 'foe.' Despite Paris’ reservations about giving away too much to the increasingly hostile U.S. president, the diplomats say that the European Commission’s powerful Secretary-General Martin Selmayr supports the German attempt at rapprochement, which makes it more likely that Juncker will offer some kind of trade fix next week."

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"Putin’s Attack on the U.S. Is Our Pearl Harbor"

Nach Ansicht von Mark Hertling, früherer Oberbefehlshaber der US-Landstreitkräfte in Europa, und Molly K. McKew, frühere Beraterin des georgischen Präsidenten Saakaschwili, kann es keine Zweifel mehr daran geben, dass Russland die US-Wahlen 2016 "gehackt" habe. Es handle sich um einen mit dem Angriff auf Pearl Harbour und 9/11 vergleichbaren "Kriegsakt", der von den USA entsprechend beantwortet werden müsse. "In 2016, our country was targeted by an attack that had different operational objectives and a different overarching strategy, but its aim was every bit as much to devastate the American homeland as Pearl Harbor or 9/11. The destruction may not send pillars of smoke into the sky or come with an 11-digit price tag, and there’s no body count or casualty statistics — but the damage done has ravaged our institutions and shaken our belief in our immovability. But two years on, we still haven’t put any boats or men in the proverbial water. (...) For now, our civilian leadership is shrugging this off, even acquiescing, which leaves every individual to defend themselves against the assault of information levied by a foreign attacker. This should not be the way we defend our people and our homeland. This is our Pearl Harbor, our 9/11. In the past, we have risen to the defense of our values, our ideologies and our institutions. It’s time for another fight. The ball — as Putin said — is in our court."

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"Bullied by Trump, here’s how Europe can punch back"

Paul Taylor empfiehlt den Europäern, sich auf sechs weitere Jahre Trump einzustellen und deshalb aktiv zu demonstrieren, dass das "multilaterale Leben" im internationalen Handel, in Klimafragen oder bei der Durchsetzung internationaler Normen wenn nötig auch ohne die USA weitergehe. "Overall, Europe can make multilateralism work better where its tools are strongest — but it is not yet living up to its own ambitions. The biggest obstacle to assuming more responsibility for the multilateral system is the EU’s own debilitating internal divisions. Beggar-thy-neighbor squabbles over cross-border migrant flows, east-west differences over the rule of law and an open society, efforts by northern countries to rein in Franco-German leadership, and perennial interinstitutional squabbles in Brussels all sap Europe’s international ambitions. (...) Europe would be wise to plan on doing more for itself and with like-minded partners in case the darkness in Washington gets worse and lasts longer than we all hope."

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"Rand Paul on Russian election meddling: 'We all do it'"

Nach Ansicht von US-Senator Rand Paul sollte in der Debatte über die mutmaßliche russische Beeinflussung der amerikanischen Wahlen nicht vergessen werden, dass die USA in anderen Ländern ähnliche Praktiken verfolgen. "'I think really we mistake our response if we think it's about accountability from the Russians. They’re another country; they're going to spy on us,' the Kentucky Republican said on CNN's 'State of the Union,' a day before President Donald Trump's scheduled meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Helsinki. 'We’re going to do the same,' Paul added. (...) Paul maintained that such cyber-intrusions into other countries' elections were common on the world stage, suggesting the United States — while not 'morally equivalent' to Russia — provoked the Kremlin's stealth attacks. 'We all do it. What we need to do is make sure our electoral process is protected,' Paul said. 'They’re not going to admit it in the same way we’re not going to admit we were involved in the Ukrainian elections or the Russian elections.'"

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"'They will die in Tallinn': Estonia girds for war with Russia"

In Estland sei man auf einen Krieg gegen Russland vorbereitet, schreibt Molly K. McKew in ihrer Reportage aus dem Vorfeld des NATO-Gipfels in Brüssel. "The idea that Estonia — whose entire population isn’t much bigger than Russia’s standing army, and which has little on its own in the way of air power and armor — could withstand a Russian assault might seem like a silly discussion from the far side of the Atlantic. But Estonia has resources that are as much in demand in the alliance as TOW missiles and tanks: will and a mobilized population. In a country of just over 1.3 million, fully 60,000 are trained and serve in the military or reserves. The importance of this human element cannot be dismissed: Estonians still have vivid memories of the price of occupation, and this perspective sharpens strategic planning in unexpected ways. This is in no small part why U.S. Special Forces have committed new resources to the Baltics, including Estonia: to learn from local experience, and to challenge America’s thinking about Russia and what the U.S. can do to build a new kind of deterrence against hybrid threats."

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"Behind the secret U.S. war in Africa"

US-Spezialeinheiten spielen bei Einsätzen afrikanischer Truppen gegen mutmaßliche Terroristen Wesley Morgan zufolge eine größere Rolle, als bisher vom Pentagon eingestanden wurde. "In repeated public statements, military spokespeople have said the American role in Africa is limited to 'advising and assisting' other militaries. But for at least five years, Green Berets, Navy SEALs and other commandos operating under a little-understood authority have planned and controlled certain missions, putting them in charge of their African partner forces. Under both the Obama and Trump administrations, the military has relied on partners in other countries to carry out crucial missions against suspected terrorists, to avoid American casualties after years of massive direct involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan. But having Americans plan and retain operational control of the missions gives them greater ability to strike quickly against threats, according to supporters of the programs, even as it shields the true nature of the missions from critics in the United States and abroad."

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"What Reality Winner’s sentence means"

Die Whistleblowerin Reality Winner ist nach ihrem Geständnis, vertrauliche NSA-Dokumente weitergeleitet zu haben, zu fünf Jahren Haft verurteilt worden. Tim Starks berichtet, dass das Urteil von Edward Snowden und anderen als beunruhigendes Signal bewertet wird. "A judge still needs to affirm the deal. Coupled with the recent charges brought against a long-time Senate Intelligence Committee aide, where prosecutors somehow accessed encrypted apps, some viewed Winner’s case as foreboding. 'The war on whistleblowers continues under a new White House: the first journalistic source prosecuted under Trump, Reality Winner, was denied a defense, jailed over 5 years,' tweeted Edward Snowden, who knows a few things about leaking classified information. 'Her ‘crime’? Showing us @NSAGov suspected Russia of hacking an election vendor.'"

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"Why these 7 countries are listed on Trump's travel ban"

Josh Gerstein und Jeremy C.F. Lin erklären nach der Entscheidung des Obersten Gerichtshofs der USA, warum die US-Regierung Bürgern aus momentan sieben Ländern die Einreise untersagt. "The latest iteration of the ban includes restrictions against five majority-Muslim nations — Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen. North Korea and Venezuela are also on the list. Three other majority-Muslim nations, including Chad, Iraq and Sudan have been removed since policy was implemented through executive order in January 2017. The administration has cited poor cooperation with U.S. officials, terrorist activity and technical hurdles to properly document their own travelers as reasons for the latest iteration of the ban. While the text of the order does not mention religion, critics say the policy reflects anti-Muslim prejudice — with North Korea and Venezuela added as window dressing."

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Publikationen zum Thema

Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

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