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16.07.2018

"Bullied by Trump, here’s how Europe can punch back"

https://www.politico.eu/article/donald-trumop-europe-hour-has-come/

Paul Taylor empfiehlt den Europäern, sich auf sechs weitere Jahre Trump einzustellen und deshalb aktiv zu demonstrieren, dass das "multilaterale Leben" im internationalen Handel, in Klimafragen oder bei der Durchsetzung internationaler Normen wenn nötig auch ohne die USA weitergehe. "Overall, Europe can make multilateralism work better where its tools are strongest — but it is not yet living up to its own ambitions. The biggest obstacle to assuming more responsibility for the multilateral system is the EU’s own debilitating internal divisions. Beggar-thy-neighbor squabbles over cross-border migrant flows, east-west differences over the rule of law and an open society, efforts by northern countries to rein in Franco-German leadership, and perennial interinstitutional squabbles in Brussels all sap Europe’s international ambitions. (...) Europe would be wise to plan on doing more for itself and with like-minded partners in case the darkness in Washington gets worse and lasts longer than we all hope."

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15.07.2018

"Rand Paul on Russian election meddling: 'We all do it'"

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/07/15/rand-paul-election-meddling-russia-722205

Nach Ansicht von US-Senator Rand Paul sollte in der Debatte über die mutmaßliche russische Beeinflussung der amerikanischen Wahlen nicht vergessen werden, dass die USA in anderen Ländern ähnliche Praktiken verfolgen. "'I think really we mistake our response if we think it's about accountability from the Russians. They’re another country; they're going to spy on us,' the Kentucky Republican said on CNN's 'State of the Union,' a day before President Donald Trump's scheduled meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Helsinki. 'We’re going to do the same,' Paul added. (...) Paul maintained that such cyber-intrusions into other countries' elections were common on the world stage, suggesting the United States — while not 'morally equivalent' to Russia — provoked the Kremlin's stealth attacks. 'We all do it. What we need to do is make sure our electoral process is protected,' Paul said. 'They’re not going to admit it in the same way we’re not going to admit we were involved in the Ukrainian elections or the Russian elections.'"

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11.07.2018

"'They will die in Tallinn': Estonia girds for war with Russia"

https://www.politico.eu/article/estonia-rusia-nato-defense-they-will-die-in-tallinn-estonia-grids-for-war
/

In Estland sei man auf einen Krieg gegen Russland vorbereitet, schreibt Molly K. McKew in ihrer Reportage aus dem Vorfeld des NATO-Gipfels in Brüssel. "The idea that Estonia — whose entire population isn’t much bigger than Russia’s standing army, and which has little on its own in the way of air power and armor — could withstand a Russian assault might seem like a silly discussion from the far side of the Atlantic. But Estonia has resources that are as much in demand in the alliance as TOW missiles and tanks: will and a mobilized population. In a country of just over 1.3 million, fully 60,000 are trained and serve in the military or reserves. The importance of this human element cannot be dismissed: Estonians still have vivid memories of the price of occupation, and this perspective sharpens strategic planning in unexpected ways. This is in no small part why U.S. Special Forces have committed new resources to the Baltics, including Estonia: to learn from local experience, and to challenge America’s thinking about Russia and what the U.S. can do to build a new kind of deterrence against hybrid threats."

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02.07.2018

"Behind the secret U.S. war in Africa"

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/07/02/secret-war-africa-pentagon-664005

US-Spezialeinheiten spielen bei Einsätzen afrikanischer Truppen gegen mutmaßliche Terroristen Wesley Morgan zufolge eine größere Rolle, als bisher vom Pentagon eingestanden wurde. "In repeated public statements, military spokespeople have said the American role in Africa is limited to 'advising and assisting' other militaries. But for at least five years, Green Berets, Navy SEALs and other commandos operating under a little-understood authority have planned and controlled certain missions, putting them in charge of their African partner forces. Under both the Obama and Trump administrations, the military has relied on partners in other countries to carry out crucial missions against suspected terrorists, to avoid American casualties after years of massive direct involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan. But having Americans plan and retain operational control of the missions gives them greater ability to strike quickly against threats, according to supporters of the programs, even as it shields the true nature of the missions from critics in the United States and abroad."

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27.06.2018

"What Reality Winner’s sentence means"

https://www.politico.com/newsletters/morning-cybersecurity/2018/06/27/what-reality-winners-sentence-means
-265748

Die Whistleblowerin Reality Winner ist nach ihrem Geständnis, vertrauliche NSA-Dokumente weitergeleitet zu haben, zu fünf Jahren Haft verurteilt worden. Tim Starks berichtet, dass das Urteil von Edward Snowden und anderen als beunruhigendes Signal bewertet wird. "A judge still needs to affirm the deal. Coupled with the recent charges brought against a long-time Senate Intelligence Committee aide, where prosecutors somehow accessed encrypted apps, some viewed Winner’s case as foreboding. 'The war on whistleblowers continues under a new White House: the first journalistic source prosecuted under Trump, Reality Winner, was denied a defense, jailed over 5 years,' tweeted Edward Snowden, who knows a few things about leaking classified information. 'Her ‘crime’? Showing us @NSAGov suspected Russia of hacking an election vendor.'"

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26.06.2018

"Why these 7 countries are listed on Trump's travel ban"

https://www.politico.com/interactives/2018/trump-travel-ban-supreme-court-decision-countries-map/

Josh Gerstein und Jeremy C.F. Lin erklären nach der Entscheidung des Obersten Gerichtshofs der USA, warum die US-Regierung Bürgern aus momentan sieben Ländern die Einreise untersagt. "The latest iteration of the ban includes restrictions against five majority-Muslim nations — Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen. North Korea and Venezuela are also on the list. Three other majority-Muslim nations, including Chad, Iraq and Sudan have been removed since policy was implemented through executive order in January 2017. The administration has cited poor cooperation with U.S. officials, terrorist activity and technical hurdles to properly document their own travelers as reasons for the latest iteration of the ban. While the text of the order does not mention religion, critics say the policy reflects anti-Muslim prejudice — with North Korea and Venezuela added as window dressing."

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25.06.2018

"He does not understand what the role of an ambassador should be"

https://www.politico.eu/article/he-does-not-understand-what-the-role-of-an-ambassador-should-be/

In ihrem Bericht aus Berlin beschäftigt sich Emily Schultheis mit der Kontroverse, die der neue US-Botschafter Ric Grenell vor wenigen Wochen ausgelöst hat. "In German, the word for ambassador is Botschafter, which, translated literally into English, means 'messenger.' The word says a lot about the way Germans view the role — and about why Grenell’s arrival has been what more than one person described to me as a 'wake-up call' to Germany’s political world. An ambassador’s primary function is to serve as a go-between, German politicians and diplomats say — to explain and relay messages between the two countries. Grenell, however, clearly views his role as a much more active one. Multiple sources from across Germany’s political, diplomatic and policy corps who have met him or been present for his meetings with high-level German officials say Grenell has made it clear he doesn’t want to be a messenger. Instead, these sources say, he sees himself as a 'player' who has a role in influencing policy decisions — and a portfolio extending beyond just Germany to Europe more broadly."

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16.06.2018

"Trump’s next target: NATO"

https://www.politico.eu/article/will-donald-trump-wreck-nato-summit-too-g7/

Der im Juli geplante NATO-Gipfel könnte sich nach dem jüngsten G7-Treffen als zweite Runde des "transatlantischen Käfigkampfes" herausstellen, schreibt Paul Taylor. "(...) the cast of characters in Brussels is mostly the same as it was in Canada, and the bad blood from La Malbaie will still be fresh. Trump’s erratic behavior — and his obsession with linking trade flows and defense outlays — shows that no amount of ground-laying can protect the alliance from self-inflicted damage by the American leader. (...) NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg, whose job is to prevent the transatlantic elastic from snapping, is urging allies to focus on the 'three Cs' —  cash, capabilities and commitments — to show how they contribute to the common defense beyond the headline goal of 2 percent of gross domestic product. But Trump only seems to care about the first C, and he’s mad as hell, especially at affluent Germany."

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12.06.2018

"'What the hell?' Trump-Kim lovefest ignores human rights nightmare"

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/06/12/trump-north-korea-human-rights-642336

Nahal Toosi berichtet, dass US-Präsident Trump von vielen Kritikern vorgeworfen wird, die Menschenrechtssituation in Nordkorea auf dem Gipfeltreffen in Singapur völlig ignoriert zu haben. "Trump’s public turnabout on Kim and his regime’s atrocious human rights record was among the most dizzying developments of the past 48 hours, which saw the two leaders meet in Singapore for an unprecedented nuclear summit. It dismayed lawmakers, human rights activists and others who — while supportive of diplomacy — fear that Trump went overboard in his flattery of Kim to the point of normalizing his rule. 'Kim’s gulags, public executions, planned starvation, are legitimized on the world stage,' Democratic Sen. Chris Murphy of Connecticut raged on Twitter. 'What the hell?' 'Talking to dictators is one thing; embracing them is another,' former Vice President Joe Biden said in a statement, denouncing 'the horrendous human rights abuses North Korea’s leaders perpetrate against their own people.'"

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04.06.2018

"Congress looks to horn in on Trump’s North Korea deal"

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/06/04/democrats-north-korea-agenda-621819

US-Senatoren beider Parteien bestehen vor dem Gipfeltreffen Donald Trumps mit Kim Jong-un auf einem Mitspracherecht. "Democrats drew their own lines early, rolling out a set of tough demands for any prospective nuclear pact. But Republicans also indicated that they would want to vet any deal with Pyongyang — if the talks get that far. What both sides of the aisle can agree on is that lawmakers should — and will — weigh in as the president edges closer toward a historic meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. (...) Republicans continue to offer support to the president, but many remain leery of assuming that a workable agreement is achievable before the June 12 summit takes place. Meanwhile, Democrats are eager to hold Trump to rigorous standards weeks after he pulled the U.S. out of the Iran nuclear deal and rattled U.S. allies. The disparate tones of the two parties illustrate the political risks for Trump's party as well as his opponents, even as it remains unclear exactly how much say Congress will have on the matter."

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03.06.2018

"Surreal Trump-Kim summit defies diplomatic playbook"

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/06/03/trump-kim-north-korea-summit-diplomacy-618649

Das geplante Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong-un widerspreche bereits jetzt allen bisherigen diplomatischen Gepflogenheiten, stellt Nahal Toosi fest. Üblicherweise gebe es Protokolle, die bei derartigen Treffen beachtet werden, tatsächlich erscheine in Singapur aber alles möglich. "With the entire world watching, even the smallest interactions will be studied for deeper meaning and signs of psychological advantage. This could be especially unnerving for Kim, according to North Korea experts. (...) Presidential summits are usually the last step in a negotiation process after months, even years, of talks among lower-level aides. Trump and Kim have turned that process upside down, and it’s anyone’s guess what the next step will be. Analysts do not expect the face-to-face Trump-Kim meeting to last too long — perhaps a few hours, including ceremonial photo-ops — and the sense is that both sides are really only prepared to talk about broad outlines of a nuclear agreement. While the details are still being hashed out, the meeting will likely include both leaders as well as their top aides, and, of course, translators. If there is a separate one-on-one session between Trump and Kim (as well as translators) it will likely be brief, Korea experts say."

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27.05.2018

"Poland offers US up to $2B for permanent military base"

https://www.politico.eu/article/nato-poland-offers-us-up-to-2-billion-for-permanent-american-military-bas
e/

Polen will die USA einem Bericht zufolge mit einem Angebot von zwei Milliarden US-Dollar davon überzeugen, einen festen Militärstützpunkt auf polnischem Boden zu errichten. Edyta Żemła und Kamil Turecki schreiben, dass die Initiative Warschaus von europäischen Partnern wie Deutschland und Italien mit Skepsis aufgenommen werden dürfte. "The Polish offer reflects a long-standing desire in Warsaw to build closer security relations with the U.S. and put American boots on the ground. The push dates back to Poland’s entry into NATO in 1999, but has taken on added urgency in the wake of Russia’s annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea region four years ago and aggressive posture toward the alliance. Coming just over a month before NATO leaders gather in Brussels for a summit, the Polish initiative is bound to anger Russia, and will be looked at with skepticism by European allies that want to improve relations with Moscow, such as Italy and at times Germany."

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24.05.2018

"'He is not taking this guy’s s —': Why Trump pulled out of the Kim meeting"

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/05/24/trump-north-korea-kim-jong-un-strategy-607976

Für Eliana Johnson und Michael Crowley steht Donald Trumps Absage des Gipfeltreffens mit Kim Jong Un im Zeichen einer außenpolitischen Strategie, die auf Härte setzt und an die Prinzipien seines Buches "The Art of the Deal" anknüpft. "Trump’s foreign policy has been guided by his desire to look tough. Earlier this month, Trump delivered on his longtime vows to scrap the Iran nuclear deal, insisting that he could impose stricter terms on Tehran. 'I never get too attached to one deal or one approach,' Trump wrote in his 1987 bestseller, 'The Art of the Deal'. (...) The looming question is to what extent the summit’s cancellation means a reversion to the saber-rattling, on the president’s part, that prevailed before meaningful communication between the two countries began."

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15.05.2018

"Haspel secures enough Senate support for confirmation as CIA director"

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/05/15/gina-haspel-cia-director-nominee-support-589038

Eine Bestätigung der neuen CIA-Direktorin Gina Haspel durch den Geheimdienstausschuss des US-Senats ist Elana Schor zufolge nur noch Formsache. Haspel habe sich vom früheren Folterprogramm der CIA distanziert und damit die Unterstützung demokratischer Senatoren gewonnen. "Gina Haspel on Tuesday locked in the necessary support to become President Donald Trump's next CIA director, winning over three crucial Democratic senators as she disavowed the spy agency’s past use of brutal interrogation tactics. Minutes after Haspel secured the backing of the Senate intelligence committee’s top Democrat, Mark Warner of Virginia, she received an endorsement from Sen. Heidi Heitkamp (D-N.D.), who faces a difficult reelection in November. Sen. Bill Nelson (D-Fla.), also battling to keep his seat this fall, followed soon afterward in announcing his support. The one-two-three punch of Democratic buy-in effectively ensures Haspel’s confirmation as soon as Thursday despite a handful of still-undecided senators in both parties — not to mention a vocal push to defeat her by liberal and civil rights activists."

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14.05.2018

"Get Ready for Trump 2.0"

https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/05/14/donald-trump-foreign-policy-20-218366

Nach der Aufkündigung des Atomabkommens mit dem Iran gesteht Philip Gordon ein, mit seiner früheren Prognose einer moderaten Außenpolitik von US-Präsident Trump falsch gelegen zu haben. Trump habe nach einem Jahr offenbar alle Vorsicht fahren lassen und könnte künftig noch entfesselter auftreten. "For most of 2017, the thesis that Trump would not be as radical as many hoped or feared held up remarkably well. (...) What a difference a few months make. The new Trump is breaking free of his self-imposed shackles and now forging ahead with the sort of bold and controversial moves from which he had previously shied away. (...) What explains Trump’s apparent new course, and where did my earlier analysis go wrong? First, it remains glaringly true that on many issues Trump has no fixed views, and his capacity to contradict previous statements without apparent embarrassment remains unparalleled. But it also turns out that on certain issues he is consistent and passionate. These include a profound aversion to free trade and immigration, resentment of the need for compromise with allies, and an appreciation for authoritarian strongmen. The new Trump seems increasingly to pursue policies that reflect those core instincts, regardless of the consequences of doing so."

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27.04.2018

"A desperate Merkel gets Trumped"

https://www.politico.eu/article/a-desperate-merkel-gets-trumped/

Bundeskanzlerin Merkel habe bei ihrem Besuch in Washington bemerkenswert wenig erreicht, stellt Matthew Karnitschnig fest. Dies treffe allerdings auch auf Frankreichs Präsident Macron zu. "Taken together, the European leaders’ meetings with Trump suggested that on issues of substance, the transatlantic relationship remains as troubled as ever. (...) Merkel’s meeting with Trump, her second trip to the White House since he took office, put the transatlantic power dynamic in stark relief. The German leader was clearly on the defensive, insisting repeatedly that Germany was committed to fulfilling its obligations within NATO, despite falling well short of the alliance’s spending targets. (...) After Trump’s election, some commentators described Merkel as the last beacon of the liberal Western order. At the press conference, however, the German leader sounded almost desperate to get on his good side. (...) After the speaking to the press for about 20 minutes, Trump ended the news conference abruptly. 'Great job, thank you,' he said to Merkel, as he ushered her away from the microphones."

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25.04.2018

"Iran deal may survive an initial blow from Trump"

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/04/25/trump-iran-deadline-550844

Am 12. Mai muss Trump entscheiden, ob die Sanktionen gegen Iran ausgesetzt bleiben. Einige US-Experten glauben Nahal Toosi zufolge, dass das Atomabkommen mit Iran den Stichtag zumindest vorerst überleben könnte. "(...) some experts say the deal can survive even if Trump sits back and allows the sanctions that must be reviewed by May 12 to take effect once more. The potentially more important deadline, they say, arrives around July 11, when Trump must decide whether to reimpose a substantially larger batch of sanctions. Even then, the deal could hobble forward in a diminished format. But the sanctions that expire this summer are more likely to provoke an extreme reaction from Tehran — including a possible resumption of nuclear activities — than those coming up next month, some analysts said. The deal is 'unlikely to completely blow up [May 12], since neither side wants that or to be blamed,' said Philip Gordon, a former senior foreign policy adviser to President Barack Obama. 'But still it can only take so many blows before it will die a death by a thousand cuts.'"

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16.04.2018

"Sweden’s violent reality is undoing a peaceful self-image"

https://www.politico.eu/article/sweden-bombings-grenade-attacks-violent-reality-undoing-peaceful-self-ima
ge-law-and-order/

Paulina Neuding berichtet, dass die Zahl der von Einwanderern begangenen Gewalttaten in Schweden deutlich zugenommen habe. Die schwedische Regierung bemühe sich, das friedliche Image des Landes mit einer internationalen Werbekampagne hochzuhalten, die Realität sehe jedoch insbesondere für Hilfskräfte vor Ort anders aus. "The rising levels of violence have not gone unnoticed by Sweden’s Scandinavian neighbors. Norwegians commonly use the phrase 'Swedish conditions' to describe crime and social unrest. The view from Denmark was made clear when former President of NATO and Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen said in an interview on Swedish TV: 'I often use Sweden as a deterring example.' (...) The head of the paramedics’ union Ambulansförbundet, Gordon Grattidge, and his predecessor Henrik Johansson recently told me in an interview that some neighborhoods are definitely no-go for ambulance drivers — at least without police protection. (...) Officials may be resigned to the situation. But in a Western European country in peacetime, it is reasonable to view such levels of violence as out of control."

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09.04.2018

"Russia’s anxious northern neighbors toughen up"

https://www.politico.eu/article/russia-anxious-northern-neighbors-toughen-up-nordic-baltic-military-defen
se-us-donald-trump-vladimir-putin/

Reid Standish macht darauf aufmerksam, dass die nordeuropäischen Nachbarländer Russlands, die sich an der international koordinierten Ausweisung russischer Diplomaten beteiligt haben, weitere Strafmaßnahmen planen. So bereite Dänemark eine eigene Version des amerikanischen "Magnitski-Gesetzes" vor, um Sanktionen gegen regierungsnahe Russen verhängen zu können. In Schweden und Finnland habe die Zustimmung zu einer NATO-Mitgliedschaft zugenommen. "One development that could shift that balance is Sweden’s September election. In addition to backing the Magnitsky Act, the four-party opposition bloc is also supporting NATO membership for the first time in what is shaping up to be a close election. 'If Sweden moves enough, that could lead to more movement in Finland,' said Anna Wieslander, director for Northern Europe at the Atlantic Council think tank. Support for joining NATO has increased in Sweden, with a January poll for the daily Aftonbladet showing that 43 percent of Swedes were in favor, with 37 percent opposed (and 20 undecided)."

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01.04.2018

"John Bolton, cyber warrior"

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/04/01/john-bolton-cyber-hawk-russia-451937

Der neue Nationale Sicherheitsberater John Bolton hat sich in den Jahren vor seiner Berufung für eine offensive Cyber-Kampagne der USA gegen Russland ausgesprochen. Als "Zielübung" sollte die digitale Infrastruktur von WikiLeaks angegriffen werden, so Bolton. "'I’ll tell you this. I think we ought to retaliate for the Russia cyberattacks on our election process,' he said to applause and cheers from the audience. 'I think the retaliation should not be proportionate.' Bolton also argues that the U.S. should train its digital might on nonstate actors, as well. He’s long advocated for the military to go after WikiLeaks’ online infrastructure, most recently after the activist organization published a cache of secret CIA hacking tools. 'U.S. cyber warfare people should use WikiLeaks for target practice,' he said last year on Fox Business. 'Take down their capabilities.' Bolton, who did not comment for this article, arrives in the White House at an opportune moment to implement these ideas."

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04.03.2018

"The Genocide the U.S. Didn’t See Coming"

https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/03/04/obama-rohingya-genocide-myanmar-burma-muslim-syu-kii-2
17214

Szymon Barylski fragt, ob die USA in den vergangenen Jahren die Möglichkeit verpasst hätten, die von vielen als "Genozid" eingestufte Kampagne der Regierung in Myanmar gegen die Rohingya zu verhindern. US-Präsident Obama habe nach dem Wahlsieg der Partei von Aung San Suu Kyi bei den Wahlen 2015 einen Annäherungskurs verfolgt, um die Demokratisierung des Landes zu fördern. Einige Berater und Aktivisten hätten diese Strategie bereits damals kritisch beurteilt. "As the administration rolled back sanctions in late 2016, Myanmar security forces began murdering Rohingya in a vicious campaign that displaced tens of thousands — and human rights activists were appalled. They worried that Obama was so determined to fortify his legacy of outreach to adversaries that he was ignoring how far from a true democracy Myanmar still was, and how splintered a nation it remained. Some feared that the 2016 violence was a harbinger of far worse to come for the Rohingya. (...) Today, as those fears are coming true, Obama-era officials on all sides of the debate have been looking back on the decisions they made, asking themselves if they could have done anything more to prevent Myanmar’s bloody purge."

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16.02.2018

"A caged Clinton and fake ‘woke blacks’: 9 striking findings from the Mueller indictment"

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/02/16/mueller-indictment-hillary-clinton-key-findings-415692?lo=ap_e1

US-Sonderermittler Robert Mueller hat eine Anklageschrift gegen 13 russische Staatsbürger und drei russische Einrichtungen veröffentlicht, denen eine Verschwörung zur Beeinflussung der US-Präsidentschaftswahl 2016 vorgeworfen wird. Cristiano Lima und Elizabeth Castillo erläutern in ihrer Zusammenfassung einige konkrete Vorwürfe in dem Dokument. "The indictment, which includes conspiracy to defraud the United States and aggravated identity theft, depicts an elaborate web of initiatives aimed at influencing the presidential race. Here is a look at some of the most startling findings from the Department of Justice announcement."

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06.02.2018

"Brussels’ new Balkan strategy: Tough love"

https://www.politico.eu/article/europe-balkan-membership-new-strategy-tough-love/

Florian Eder und Andrew Gray halten die neue EU-Strategie gegenüber den potentiellen Beitrittskandidaten auf dem Westbalkan auch für eine Reaktion auf den wachsenden russischen, türkischen und chinesischen Einfluss in der Region. Die Hürden für einen EU-Beitritt seien dabei sehr hoch gelegt worden. "Although Serbia and Montenegro have been identified as front-runners for membership by the Commission, the document says having them join by 2025 is 'extremely ambitious.' It makes clear that leaders in Belgrade in particular will have to swallow some bitter pills on the road to Brussels. Serbia, it specifies, will have to conclude and implement a legally binding agreement on normalizing relations with Kosovo, the mainly ethnic Albanian territory that declared independence from Serbia 10 years ago, before it can join the EU. It also says would-be members must demonstrate 'full alignment' with EU foreign policy — a none-too-coded signal that Belgrade could not continue to pursue such close relations with traditional ally Russia as it does at the moment. (...) Liberal democracy activists in the Balkans have accused the EU of being too soft on regional leaders, whom they brand authoritarians with a questionable commitment to EU values. The new document does not engage in such mollycoddling and could be read as laying down the law to political leaders while encouraging activists and citizens to put pressure on them."

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15.01.2018

"The most valuable military real estate in the world"

https://www.politico.eu/blogs/the-coming-wars/2018/01/the-most-valuable-military-real-estate-in-the-world
/

Bruno Maçães berichtet zu Beginn seiner neuen Artikelserie "The Coming Wars", dass es in Dschibuti an der Schnittstelle zwischen dem Roten Meer und dem Indischen Ozean so viele ausländische Militärstützpunkte wie in keinem anderen Land gebe. "Strategically placed at the entrance to the Red Sea, commanding a large percentage of the trade and energy flows between Europe and Asia, Djibouti is home to more foreign bases than any other country. We drove by one of the four surviving French bases. The perimeter was wide, but the building immediately reminded you of an old Foreign Legion fort, with its run-down walls and picturesque watch towers. What a contrast to the dark and menacing Chinese naval base I had visited the day before or the autonomous city in the desert that is Camp Lemonnier, the American base. (...) Welcome to 'The Coming Wars,' where over the next few months we’ll examine a world where borders are becoming increasingly meaningless, but where rivalry and the potential for conflict remain undiminished."

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08.01.2018

"Is Trump Stuck With an Iran Deal He Loathes?"

https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/01/08/donald-trump-iran-deal-216256

B. Glasser hält es nach einigen Gesprächen mit Experten und Insidern in Washington für denkbar, dass US-Präsident Trump Ende dieser Woche entgegen seiner vielfach geäußerten Ablehnung des Atomabkommens mit dem Iran die dort vereinbarte Aufhebung der Sanktionen erneut verlängern könnte. "That, at least, is the consensus of a half dozen of Washington’s top Iran policy experts I canvassed over the past few days. Then again, no one is really sure. A year into his tenure, Trump’s foreign policy remains as unpredictable and at times capricious as the man himself. (...) It hasn’t gotten as much attention as it should amid the national debate over Trump’s fitness for office occasioned by the publication of a scathing new insider book, but the story of Trump’s Iran policy is a great example of how the president’s willingness to flout the counsel of his own team can land him in a foreign policy mess, or exacerbate an existing one."

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06.01.2018

"How the U.S. and North Korea could stumble into World War III"

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/01/06/north-korea-nuclear-war-264526

US-Planer fürchten in der Nordkorea-Krise Jacqueline Klimas und Bryan Bender zufolge vor allem eine von beiden Seiten unbeabsichtigte Eskalation der Feindseligkeiten. Der 3. Weltkrieg könnte demnach auch durch einen einfachen Unfall ausgelöst werden. "A North Korean provocation, a U.S. warning shot, malicious hackers or a simple accident could be the cause that starts a new war between two nations with a long history of tensions and suspicion. "Miscalculation is now at a stage [that is] higher than probably any time since the Cuban Missile Crisis," former Obama administration Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz said days after President Donald Trump boasted on Twitter that his nuclear button is 'a much bigger & more powerful one' than Kim Jong Un’s. These are some of the potential scenarios that most worry former nuclear commanders, policymakers and experts on Korea."

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19.12.2017

"Leaked memo schooled Tillerson on human rights"

https://www.politico.com/story/2017/12/19/tillerson-state-human-rights-304118

US-Außenminister Tillerson sei nach einer kontrovers aufgenommenen Rede über das Verhältnis zwischen amerikanischen Werten und Interessen drei Monate nach seinem Amtsantritt in einem internen Memo von seinem Berater Brian Hook über die Rolle der Menschenrechte in der US-Außenpolitik "aufgeklärt" worden, schreibt Nahal Toosi. "The May 17 memo reads like a crash course for a businessman-turned-diplomat, and its conclusion offers a starkly realist vision: that the U.S. should use human rights as a club against its adversaries, like Iran, China and North Korea, while giving a pass to repressive allies like the Philippines, Egypt and Saudi Arabia. 'Allies should be treated differently — and better — than adversaries. Otherwise, we end up with more adversaries, and fewer allies,' argued the memo, written by Tillerson’s influential policy aide, Brian Hook. (...) Hook’s memo 'tells Tillerson that we should do exactly what Russian and Chinese propaganda says we do — use human rights as a weapon to beat up our adversaries while letting ourselves and our allies off the hook,' said Tom Malinowski, who served as an assistant secretary of state for democracy, human rights and labor in the Obama administration."

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26.11.2017

"China hits roadblocks in Central Europe"

https://www.politico.eu/article/china-hits-roadblocks-in-central-europe/

In einem neuen Beitrag aus der Artikelserie "China looks West" schreibt Lili Bayer, dass Chinas Investitionen in Zentral- und Osteuropa durch Wettbewerbsregeln der EU und politische Widerstände gebremst werden. "China’s 'One Belt, One Road' program has pumped money into infrastructure, logistics and transportation networks to allow Chinese products easier access to European markets. (...) But China faces significant challenges as it tries to push through its plans in the region. 'Chinese investment in EU members of the 16+1 has remained limited,' said Tamás Matura, an assistant professor at the Budapest-based Corvinus University. 'Some countries have not received any new major Chinese investors in the last five years.' China has had more success in Western Balkan countries like Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, 'where EU funds are not available and EU regulations are not applicable,' he said."

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19.11.2017

"U.S. military builds up in land of 'Black Hawk Down' disaster"

https://www.politico.com/story/2017/11/19/troops-somalia-military-buildup-247668

Die Zahl der US-Soldaten in Somalia habe sich in diesem Jahr auf über 500 verdoppelt, berichtet Wesley Morgan. "It is the largest American military contingent in the war-torn nation since the infamous 1993 'Black Hawk Down' battle, when 18 U.S. soldiers died. It is also the latest example of how the Pentagon’s operations in Africa have expanded with greater authority provided to field commanders. The growing Somalia mission, coming more fully to light after four American troops were killed in an ambush in Niger last month, also includes two new military headquarters in the capital of Mogadishu and stepped-up airstrikes. It’s driven by a major shift in strategy from primarily relying on targeted strikes against terrorists to advising and supporting Somali troops in the field, the officials said."

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16.11.2017

"Hungary accuses US of meddling in election"

https://www.politico.eu/article/hungary-accuses-us-of-meddling-in-election/

Die ungarische Regierung hat den USA vorgeworfen, den Ausgang der Parlamentswahlen im kommenden Frühjahr durch die vom US-Außenministerium geplante Finanzierung von Medienprojekten beeinflussen zu wollen. "The Hungarian Foreign Ministry summoned the top American diplomat in Budapest, chargé d’affaires David Kostelancik, after the U.S. State Department’s Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (DRL) announced on November 7 that it would provide up to $700,000 'for projects that increase citizens’ access to objective information about domestic and global issues in Hungary.' (...) While the American funding would only be provided in May 2018 at the earliest, after Hungary’s spring election, Budapest argues that the funds amount to U.S. intervention in domestic politics. (...) 'Committing funding to countries like Hungary to improve access to objective media is a conversation that was ongoing at the State Department under the Obama administration,' said a former Obama team official, who spoke on condition of anonymity. 'But the decision was made under this administration.'"

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