US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Newsweek


»http://www.newsweek.com«

08.11.2017

"The Cost of War for the U.S. Taxpayer Since 9/11 Is Actually Three Times the Pentagon's Estimate"

http://www.newsweek.com/how-many-trillions-war-has-cost-us-taxpayer-911-attacks-705041?yptr=yahoo

Die tatsächlichen steuerlichen Kosten der Kriege mit amerikanischer Beteiligung seit dem 11. September 2001 übersteigen die Schätzungen des Pentagons einer neuen Studie des Watson Institute of International and Public Affairs der Brown University zufolge um das Dreifache. "The United States military has spent more than $5.6 trillion on conflicts since 2001, more than three times the Pentagon’s actual estimate, according to a new study. The Department of Defense reported earlier this year that it had spent around $1.5 trillion on conflicts (...) The study examines not only the money spent by the Pentagon but also the State Department, the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Homeland Security, for resources dedicated to the 'war on terrorism.' The total costs include financial support for allies in the battle against extremist groups, mostly from eastern Europe, such as Croatia, Georgia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania, and a trillion dollars added for the care of veterans who may have received injuries in the conflicts." Weiter...


22.10.2017

"Women Are Vital in the Fight Against Terrorism — Finally People Are Recognizing This"

http://www.newsweek.com/women-are-critical-countering-terrorism-finally-people-are-recognizing-689819

Republikaner und Demokraten im US-Kongress haben in seltener Einmütigkeit ein Gesetz verabschiedet, in dem eine stärkere Beteiligung von Frauen bei der Bekämpfung des Terrorismus und bei Verhandlungen zur Beilegung gewaltsamer Konflikte gefordert wird. Jamille Bigio vom Council on Foreign Relations hofft, dass die US-Regierung diesen Aspekt in ihrer Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik stärker beachten wird. "First is leadership: the Trump administration should immediately nominate the next Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women’s Issues and appoint coordinators at the Department of Defense and USAID. Second, few resources are allocated to promoting women’s participation in security efforts — U.S. security strategy would be made more effective by correcting this omission. Third, the U.S. government should ensure that the rising generation of American diplomats and security professionals recognizes the value of women’s participation in security efforts, so that it becomes standard practice for U.S. officials to see women leaders in places like Syria and Afghanistan as partners and not afterthoughts." Weiter...


13.10.2017

"After Trump Travel Ban, Chad Pulls Troops From Boko Haram Fight in Niger"

http://www.newsweek.com/trump-travel-ban-chad-boko-haram-684078

Das neue Einreiseverbot der US-Regierung betrifft auch Bürger des Tschad. Viele Experten hätten auf diese Entscheidung "schockiert" reagiert und vor sicherheitspolitischen Folgen gewarnt, berichtet Conor Gaffey. Nun habe die Regierung des zentralafrikanischen Landes ihre Truppen aus der Koalition zur Bekämpfung der radikalislamischen Terrorgruppe Boko Haram zurückgezogen. "Chad has pulled hundreds of troops from neighboring Niger, where they had been stationed to assist in a regional fight against Boko Haram, the Nigerian militant Islamist group, Reuters reported. Chad’s government has not given any explanation for the withdrawal, which took place over the past two weeks. But in the wake of Trump’s pronouncement on September 24, Chad’s communications minister Madeleine Alingué said that the decision 'seriously undermines Chad’s image and the good relations between the two countries, notably in the fight against terrorism.'" Weiter...


04.10.2017

"Art of the Deal: Trump Won’t Scrap Iran Nuclear Agreement — For Now"

http://www.newsweek.com/art-deal-trump-wont-scrap-iran-nuclear-agreement-now-678235

US-Präsident Trump hat sich offenbar entschlossen, das von ihm immer wieder scharf kritisierte Atomabkommen mit dem Iran vorerst nicht aufzukündigen, sondern es lediglich zu "dezertifizieren". "Scrapping the deal entirely would require the United States to re-impose nuclear sanctions on Iran. And 'for now,' a source says, Washington will not do that. Republicans in Congress have been eager to bring back sanctions lifted after the deal was signed in 2015, but Trump will ask them to hold off, and Congress will likely do so." Weiter...


02.10.2017

"Why Isn’t Las Vegas Shooting Being Called 'Terrorism' and Shooter Stephen Paddock a 'Terrorist'?"

http://www.newsweek.com/las-vegas-shooting-terrorism-terrorist-675476

Der Massenmord von Las Vegas hat erneut die Frage aufgeworfen, welche Gewalttaten als "Terrorismus" eingestuft werden sollten. Jason Le Miere schreibt, dass der Begriff von US-Behörden und Regierungsstimmen in den letzten Jahren oft in widersprüchlicher Art und Weise verwendet worden sei. "Federal law defines terrorism more specifically as the 'unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.' After the Boston Marathon bombing in 2013, then-President Barack Obama came up with his own designation for the term: 'Any time bombs are used to target innocent civilians, it is an act of terror,' he said before the identity of the attackers or their motivation had been established. (...) President Donald Trump has a particularly inconsistent history with the term. After the killing of a counterprotester at a white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, in August by an alleged white supremacist, Trump said only that 'you can call it whatever you want.' However, he has repeatedly been quick to define attacks carried out by Muslims." Weiter...


15.09.2017

"The CIA Wants Permission to Kill Terrorists in Afghanistan with Drones, Which Could Endanger U.S. Troops"

http://www.newsweek.com/cia-wants-permission-kill-terrorists-afghanistan-drones-which-could-endanger-6662
78

US-Präsident Trump erwägt Berichten zufolge, der CIA trotz Vorbehalten aus dem Pentagon zu erlauben, in Afghanistan eigenständig Drohnenangriffe durchzuführen. Der Geheimdienst wäre dabei im Gegensatz zum US-Militär nicht verpflichtet, mögliche Zivilopfer dieser Angriffe einzugestehen. "Some Pentagon officials reportedly fear this could place U.S. troops in danger because drone strikes have been known to increase animosity toward the U.S., especially when civilian deaths occur. If troops in Afghanistan had no knowledge of strikes conducted near where they're deployed, they'd likely be ill-prepared to deal with potential backlash. That people within the Pentagon are reportedly expressing alarm about this CIA push is definitely a cause for concern, Dr. Peter W. Singer, a leading expert on 21st century security issues, tells Newsweek." Weiter...


23.08.2017

"Barcelona Attack: Charlie Hebdo Publishes Controversial Anti-Islam Cover Art"

http://www.newsweek.com/barcelona-attack-charlie-hebdo-publishes-controversial-front-cover-about-islam-65
3959

Das französische Satiremagazin Charlie Hebdo hat nach dem Terroranschlag in Barcelona Jack Moore zufolge erneut eine provokative Karikatur veröffentlicht. "The satirical French magazine Charlie Hebdo on Wednesday published a provocative front cover in reaction to the vehicle-ramming attack in Barcelona last Thursday, sarcastically calling Islam a 'religion of peace.' The magazine’s artwork shows a white van in the background with two cross-eyed, bloodied bodies lying motionless on the floor. The words read: 'Islam, the religion of eternal peace.' Most of those implicated in the Barcelona vehicle-ramming attack and a second attack in the Catalonian town of Cambrils were Moroccan-born Muslims. The magazine’s editor, Laurent 'Riss' Sourisseau, justified the decision in an editorial, saying that the publication was sending a message that the French elite was too scared to communicate. 'The debates and questions about the role of religion, and in particular the role of Islam, in these attacks have completely disappeared,' he wrote." Weiter...


18.07.2017

"What’s the U.S. Plan for Post-ISIS Syria? Let Them Fight Among Themselves"

http://www.newsweek.com/whats-us-plan-post-isis-syria-let-them-fight-among-themselves-638402

Frederic C. Hof vom Atlantic Council kritisiert, dass das US-Militär offenbar keine Syrien-Strategie für die Zeit nach der Zerschlagung des "Islamischen Staates" habe. Damit riskierten die USA die Entstehung neuer extremistischer Bewegungen. Hof selbst plädiert für eine Militärintervention einer "Koalition der Willigen". "This writer has pressed relentlessly since 2015 for the United States to organize and lead a professional ground force coalition of the willing in eastern Syria to defeat ISIS sooner rather than later, and to work with genuine local leaders and anti-Assad opposition figures — many of whom had received material American support — to establish competent, humane, and inclusive post-ISIS governance. (...) In the end, post-combat responsibilities can indeed be evaded. They can be handed off to militiamen or ignored altogether. But the consequences of this evasion, as demonstrated in Iraq 2003 and Libya 2011, can be catastrophic." Weiter...


21.04.2017

"What We Know About Paris Shooting Suspect Karim Cheurfi"

http://www.newsweek.com/paris-attack-isis-terrorism-champs-elysee-france-587362

Drei Tage vor der ersten Runde der französischen Präsidentschaftswahl hat ein offenbar radikalislamischer Täter in Paris einen Polizisten erschossen und drei weitere Menschen verletzt, bevor er selbst getötet wurde. "French prosecutor François Molins said at a press conference in Paris, 'The identity of the attacker is known and has been verified,' reported Liberation. The Islamic State militant group (ISIS) claimed responsibility Thursday for the attack, claiming via its al-Amaq news agency it was carried out by one of its 'fighters' it called Abu Yussef al-Balgiki, which experts said suggested the attacker was Belgian or spent time in Belgium. A Belgian prosecutor said there was no indication the attacker was Belgian, reported France 24. Sources told AFP that a handwritten note in praise of ISIS was found near the attacker’s body, and a Koran in his vehicle nearby." Weiter...


14.03.2017

"How North Korea is Bringing the U.S. and China Closer"

http://europe.newsweek.com/north-korea-missile-test-us-china-donald-trump-xi-jinping-closer-567023?rm=eu

Das gemeinsame Interesse an einer diplomatischen Einhegung Nordkoreas könnte zu einer Annäherung der USA und Chinas führen, meint Ramon Pacheco Pardo vom King’s College London. "Kim’s actions, paradoxically, are likely to lead to greater cooperation between China, the U.S., South Korea and other countries in the region. These countries do not see eye to eye all the time, but if there is something they can agree on, it is their shared dislike for a nuclear and provocative North Korea. (...) Cooperation between China, the U.S. and East Asian powers on the North Korean nuclear issue is positive. The benefits go beyond reining in Pyongyang. Kim Jong Il brought Washington and Beijing closer to each other during the Bush years and his son, Kim Jong Un, seems bent on doing the same today. We can expect more provocative action from North Korea in the coming weeks. China curbing imports of coal from its North Korea has probably increased Pyongyang’s fears of isolation. Talks involving Washington and Beijing would ease them." Weiter...


29.01.2017

"Spy Veterans Say Trump's Muslim-Country Visa Ban Will Hurt Recruitment"

http://europe.newsweek.com/spy-veterans-trump-visa-ban-hurt-recruitment-549588?rm=eu

Das von US-Präsident Trump verhängte Einreiseverbot für Bürger aus sieben muslimischen Ländern könnte sich für die US-Geheimdienste nach Ansicht einiger Experten als ernstes Hindernis bei der Anwerbung neuer Quellen herausstellen. "For decades, CIA and U.S. military intelligence spy recruiters have held out the promise of eventual resettlement in America to induce foreigners to turn coat and work secretly for the United States against terrorist groups or repressive governments. In reality, many were caught before they ever made it, but during the Cold War countless Eastern Europeans living under communist rule, and more recently, Muslims across the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia, have worked secretly for U.S. spy agencies on the promise that they or their children would eventually be extracted. Another effective recruiting tool for U.S. operatives has been to offer their agents’ families medical care or education in the United States." Weiter...


25.02.2016

"How Iraqi Forces Drove ISIS From Ramadi"

http://www.newsweek.com/2016/03/04/iraqi-forces-fighting-isis-ramadi-fallujah-mosul-430042.html

Jane Arraf beschreibt in ihrer Reportage für Newsweek, auf welche Weise die irakischen Truppen im vergangenen Dezember den "Islamischen Staat" aus der Stadt Ramadi vertrieben haben. "The victory in Ramadi frees tens of thousands of Iraqi troops to move farther up the Euphrates into western Anbar, toward the Syrian border. But first, Fallujah, to the southeast, remains in ISIS hands. As has been the case since 2003, the toughest fight in the deeply conservative tribal province is expected to be there. Anbar’s biggest city, Fallujah was the site of the fiercest clashes with U.S. forces, seen as foreign occupiers after they toppled Hussein and then stayed in Iraq. (...) In a measure of how difficult the fight there is expected to be, Iraqi military officials are talking about surrounding Fallujah to cut off ISIS supply lines rather than immediately retaking it. Isolating the city would also risk starving the civilian population." Weiter...


15.01.2016

"Rubio’s Foreign Policy Is Rash, Reckless and Risky"

http://europe.newsweek.com/rubios-foreign-policy-rash-reckless-and-risky-416351?rm=eu

Der drittplatzierte der fast gleichauf liegenden republikanischen Präsidentschaftskandidaten bei den Vorwahlen in Iowa ist Marco Rubio. Dessen außenpolitische Äußerungen werden von Lawrence Wilkerson als "riskant" und "rücksichtslos" kritisiert. "Missing in Senator Rubio’s Reagan-like rhetoric is the Soviet Bear. But one of the pillars of his foreign policy is a return to the Cold War with Russia. Rubio also wants to open a new front with China. And he would exacerbate the generation-old conflict with Iran, at a moment when the singular utterly positive foreign policy achievement of the Obama administration has, for now at least, directed that overheated relationship toward promising change through the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA): the nuclear agreement with Iran." Weiter...


02.11.2015

"FBI Game Trains Youth to Identify and Counter Extremists"

http://www.newsweek.com/fbi-game-trains-youth-identify-and-counter-extremists-389709

Das FBI plane, eine interaktive Website ins Netz zu stellen, mit deren Hilfe Lehrer und Schüler trainieren sollen, vermeintlich radikalisierungsgefährdete Jugendliche zu identifizieren. Nach Protesten muslimischer Interessengruppen sei die Veröffentlichung vorerst aufgeschoben worden, berichtet Lauren Walker. "Several people briefed on the website were particularly troubled by a portion of the program, which asks viewers to identify alarming social media posts, according to the Times. The options, according to those interviewed, included a person writing on Facebook about attending a political event, another posting about feeling emotional about something, and someone with an Arabic name posting about going on 'a mission' overseas—the correct answer. 'What kind of mission?' Hoda Hawa, the director of policy and advocacy for the Muslim Public Affairs Council, said to the Times. 'It could have been humanitarian. It could have been religious.'" Weiter...


02.11.2015

"Dumb Bombs: Why One Rule for Assad, Another for the Saudis?"

http://www.newsweek.com/dumb-bombs-why-one-rule-assad-another-saudis-389849

Die US-Regierung hat Russland den Einsatz von Streumunition und sogenannter "dummer" Bomben in Syrien vorgeworfen. Micah Zenko hält diese Kritik durchaus für gerechtfertigt, da Zivilisten durch diese Art der Munition besonders häufig getötet werden. Allerdings müssten sich die USA die Frage gefallen lassen, warum der Einsatz derartiger Bomben durch Saudi-Arabien im Jemen-Krieg geduldet werde. "So what have U.S. government spokespersons had to say about Saudi Arabia’s use of cluster munitions and indiscriminate airpower in Yemen? On August 20, State Department spokesperson Rear Admiral John Kirby stated that the administration had 'discussed reports of the alleged use of cluster munitions with the Saudis' and considered them 'permissible' if they are 'used appropriately and according with those end-use rules.' The White House and Department of Defense have barely mentioned it or even been asked. When questioned about civilian casualties by Saudi air operations in Yemen on October 7, White House press secretary Josh Earnest responded, 'We have routinely urged the coalition to appreciate the need to prevent civilian casualties.'" Weiter...


07.10.2015

"A Former CIA Interrogator on Death, Torture and the Dark Side"

http://www.newsweek.com/2015/10/16/former-cia-interrogator-david-martines-story-380520.html

Jeff Stein und Adam Zagorin mit einer Reportage über den früheren CIA-Verhörspezialisten David Martine, der bis heute darauf besteht, dass die CIA bei ihren umstrittenen Verhörpraktiken nach dem 11. September 2001 nichts Grundlegendes falsch gemacht habe. "Torture is unworthy of America, he says. And he insists it was rarely employed by the U.S., even in the years immediately following the 9/11 attacks, when 'the interrogations of CIA detainees were brutal and far worse than the CIA represented to policymakers and others,' according to last year’s Senate Intelligence Committee report. 'I don't think we get the credit deserved,' he says, 'for standing on the right side of humanity in our treatment of all those in our custody.' (...) In the warm fellowship of the Erie Yacht Club, Martine may remain a hero to many, even as a large body of critics continue to view anyone associated with the CIA’s 'enhanced interrogations' as monsters. Other Americans have simply moved on, leaving Martine and those like him hostage to their consciences and the judgment of future generations." Weiter...


30.05.2014

"Israel Eavesdropped on President Clinton’s Diplomatic Phone Calls"

http://www.newsweek.com/israel-eavesdropped-president-clintons-diplomatic-phone-calls-252771

Einem neuen Buch zufolge hat der israelische Geheimdienst vor 15 Jahren Telefongespräche zwischen dem damaligen US-Präsidenten Bill Clinton und Syriens Machthaber Hafez al-Assad abgehört. "The wiretapping revelations will likely be greeted in Israel as explosive, analysts said, not for what the conversations exposed so much as the fact that they were leaked – suggesting that there is 'an Israeli Edward Snowden,' as one put it." Weiter...


15.05.2014

"The Plots to Destroy America"

http://www.newsweek.com/2014/05/23/plots-destroy-america-251123.html

Kurt Eichenwald erläutert anhand mehrerer Beispiele, welch beträchtlichen Einfluss vermeintlich harmlose Verschwörungstheorien in den USA auf wichtige politische Entscheidungsprozesse ausüben. "Conspiracy theories have been woven into the fabric of American society since before the signing of the Constitution. But what was once dismissed as the amusing ravings of the tin-foil-hat crowd has in recent years crossed a threshold, experts say, with delusions, fictions and lunacy now strangling government policies and creating national health risks. (...) 'The reason we should worry about conspiracy theories and misinformation is that they distort the debate that is crucial to democracy,' says Brendan Nyhan, an assistant professor in Dartmouth’s government department who has conducted research on conspiracy theories. 'They divert attention from the real issue and issues of concern that public officials should be debating.'" Weiter...


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