US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

National Post



"In Iran, history repeats itself in the guise of a panicky air defence officer"

Colby Cosh erinnert nach dem Abschuss einer ukrainischen Passagiermaschine durch den Iran an den Abschuss eines iranischen Linienflugzeugs durch das US-Militär im Jahr 1988. In beiden Fällen habe es sich um Versehen im Kontext sicherheitspolitischer Krisen gehandelt. "It was allegedly natural for the American ship in 1988 to be on the lookout for attackers disguising themselves as commercial aircraft, and the persons responsible for the deaths were given medals on the premise that they had behaved with the safety of the ship uppermost in mind. This, indeed, is the guiding spirit of the investigation that was conducted by the Navy. Its goal was to satisfy itself that Americans (in Iranian littoral waters) had acted with some plausible intention of protecting their own lives. As long as people use airplanes for both war and travel, there will always have to be an active, thinking, nervous human in the air defence decision loop. (…) If we, as Canadians, receive the benefit of a thorough investigation of Flight 752, it will involve identifying that person and accounting for his actions. Canada is in no position to compel such an investigation, and we shouldn’t hold our breaths for a formal apology, either: Iran never got one from the U.S. for the Vincennes incident."

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"A dark time for Christianity across the globe — and the West doesn't care"

Catherine Pepinster kritisiert, dass der Westen die immer bedrohlicher wirkende Situation für viele Christen in Afrika, im Nahen Osten und in Asien mehr oder weniger tatenlos hinnehme. "According to the respected Pew Research Center, Christians are the most targeted body of believers in 144 countries, up from 128 in 2015. And there is barely a country from Saharan Africa to Pakistan where Christians worship freely without intimidation. The persecution takes various forms. The bloodshed of Sri Lanka was of a particular kind (...) Elsewhere, in such countries as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Christians are tolerated but suffer discrimination in such areas as employment, and in many countries there is state oppression by political regimes. The future of Christianity is particularly grim in the North Africa and the Middle East, the very cradle of Christianity. (...) Yet it is further east in Asia where persecution is at its worst, according to a report from the Open Doors organization earlier this year. As in the Middle East, the assailants are often members of other religions, such as Hindus in India, and Muslims in Pakistan."

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"Placing an embassy in Jerusalem is not a barrier to negotiating peace"

Vivian Bercovici lehnt die Behauptung ab, dass die Verlegung der US-Botschaft nach Jerusalem den künftigen Status der Stadt festschreibe und Verhandlungen damit aussichtslos mache. "The move of an embassy does not preclude, decide, predetermine or prejudge anything. Anticipating such rote backlash, Trump’s advisers were careful to include specific assurances to that effect in his speech. (...) It is a silly notion that, oft repeated, has become a truism. Locating the embassy in Jerusalem does nothing more than affirm reality. Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. The Knesset and important government institutions are located there. No Western diplomat objects to attending meetings in Jerusalem. Such conduct does not, apparently, undermine peace. And neither will the relocation of the embassy."

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"It's time to admit that Trump's foreign policy has been a triumph"

Nile Gardiner von der konservativen Heritage Foundation hält die verbreitete Kritik an der Außenpolitik des US-Präsidenten für unberechtigt und meint, dass es Donald Trump trotz mangelnder Redegewandtheit und ideologischer Prinzipienfestigkeit gelungen sei, die USA als "Supermacht" effektiv zu führen. "(...) a year into his presidency Trump’s actual record has been far more effective than his detractors predicted. 'America First' has not resulted in a U.S. withdrawal from the world. Far from it. (...) The president may lack the eloquence of John F. Kennedy, or the ideological drive of Ronald Reagan, but he has demonstrated an uncompromising willingness to defend the interests of his country, reassure allies, aggressively confront America’s enemies and ensure the United States continues to lead as the world’s superpower. He has emphatically banished the Obama era of 'leading from behind' while putting an unapologetically American stamp on the world stage."

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"China's leader Xi Jinping has assumed the role of a dictator"

Robert Fulford kommentiert, dass der chinesische Präsident Xi Jinping der mächtigste Staatsführer seit Mao Zedong sei und heute praktisch als "Diktator" auftrete. "When he was elected to the job of General Secretary in 2012 he was considered 'safe' by the then-powerful figures in the party. They saw him as a routine bureaucrat who would coast through five years without changing anything. Instead, he changed everything. He staffed the upper rungs of the party with his friends and rid himself of those who showed signs of doubting him. Before him, China was relatively relaxed on human rights — there were hopes that modest levels of freedom would soon be allowed. Xi reversed course and made trouble for everyone who wanted even the beginning of freedom. He reorganized the military, making it capable of offence as well as defence. He persecuted lawyers who tried to defend their persecuted clients. His regime defined freedom of religion (which China theoretically provides) as the government’s freedom to determine everyone’s religion. There is now very little in the national government that Xi doesn’t supervise, directly or through the allies he appoints."

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"With an Arab NATO and a contained Iran, Trump is changing the Middle East"

US-Präsident Trump sei gegenwärtig dabei, eine arabische "NATO" zu schaffen, um den iranischen Einfluss im Nahen Osten dauerhaft einzudämmen, schreibt Lawrence Solomon. "To seal the deal, Trump must overcome Arab fears of being accused of entering an alliance with Israel. Arab leaders have asked Trump to hold off moving his embassy in Israel to Jerusalem, and to prevent Israel from building new settlements, requests with which Trump is complying. In short order, Trump has begun to realign the Arab armies, at the same time indicating he has their back against a nuclear-powered Iran bent on hegemony over the Middle East. Judging by the reaction of Iran, Trump’s approach is working."

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"Russia’s quest for great-power status, by way of Syria"

Wenn nicht der Wunsch nach einem Zugang zum syrischen Tiefseehafen Tartus, was steckt dann hinter dem militärischen Engagement Russlands in Syrien, fragt Robert Fulford in der National Post. "Hard as this may be to believe, Russia has a more or less permanent feeling that it is not as large as it should be. Often Russians feel as if surrounded by potential enemies — as, in the communist era, when they talked about being 'encircled by capitalism.'(...) More recently, Putin has been taking on the greatest problem in the Middle East, apparently believing that his status can solve it. The president of Egypt, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, having talked recently to Putin, said this week that Putin wants to revive peace talks between the Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. He’s invited them to meet in Moscow. If that were to work, and Putin were to succeed where a string of American presidents had failed, no one could ever again deny that Russia is a great power"

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"By killing a priest in France, terrorists have clearly stated they’re waging a war on Western religion"

Mit der Ermordung eines katholischen Priesters in Frankreich habe der "Islamische Staat" nun auch der westlichen Religion den offenen Krieg erklärt, meint Rex Murphy. "Jihadists have always had an eye for the symbolic, as symbolism amplifies the deed. Certainly their leadership have displayed a perverted genius for melding grisly actions and gruesome symbolism. The 9/11 attacks were arguably more symbol than deed. The targets that day were the World Trade Center, the Pentagon and (the one that failed) the White House, which represented the wealth, strength and the centre of power of the United States. A priest is not a building. But every priest is a symbol, both of his church, in this case Catholic, and of Christianity itself. A priest at Mass is symbolism magnified. The butchery of this long-serving and highly regarded priest was meant to say, as an article in the Catholic Herald reminds us, 'that Christianity in itself is among the most hated of all the targets of Islamic terrorist groups.'"

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"Why Russia is buzzing NATO"

Marc Champion erläutert, welche Ziele Russland mit den Flugmanövern über der Nord- und Ostsee verfolgen könnte, die in den vergangenen Tagen Aufsehen erregt haben. "(...) they appear to have multiple goals, all related: To remind Europe as a whole (four strategic bombers circled the continent to reach Portugal) that Russia is a major nuclear power willing to use force; To remind Finland and Sweden in particular (a group of seven Russian jets forced NATO planes to scramble over the Baltic Sea twice) of the weakness of their defences, and warn those two countries against trying to join NATO or defend the Baltic States; To show the U.S. that opposing Russian encroachments in Ukraine or any other post-Soviet state wouldn’t be worth the risk; To test NATO defences and, as part of a major military upgrade, get real world training and flight-hours after years of decline."

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"The West cannot afford for any more of Nigeria to be run by jihadists"

Olivier Guitta fordert den Westen auf, die Bedrohung der radikalislamischen Terrorgruppe Boko Haram in Nigeria ernster zu nehmen. Boko Haram-Anhänger hätten sich offenbar bereits in der Exekutive und im Sicherheitsapparat Nigerias ausgebreitet, es drohe eine Entwicklung wie in Mali. "It is possible that the recent kidnappings will represent a political tipping point and Nigeria will be increasingly prioritized by Western governments. The stakes are too high for the West not to get involved massively going forward. The West cannot afford for any more of Nigeria to be run by jihadists. For example, when Islamists took over major amounts of territory in Mali in late 2012, the French did not hesitate to intervene militarily to dislodge the terrorists from the country. And Nigeria is a much bigger prize than Mali."

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"Freeing the girls isn’t enough. We must wipe out Boko Haram"

Matt Gurney plädiert in seinem Beitrag für einen westlichen Militäreinsatz zur Vernichtung der Terrorgruppe Boko Haram in Nigeria. "No military operation ever goes perfectly smoothly, but something like this is still well within even the West’s diminished means. Bluntly, if we can’t pull off an operation like this, what’s the point having all the troops and planes and helicopters in the first place? (...) We can’t fix every problem in the world by buying people off or bombing areas flat. There will always be outrages against civilization that, bluntly, we can’t do anything about. But not being able to solve every problem isn’t an excuse to solve none of them. The U.S. has offered to help Nigeria. Canada can help, too. This is something we can do, quickly and effectively, that will make a real difference in the lives of good people."

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"Ukraine’s likely descent into civil war stirs memories of Balkan conflict"

Die Entwicklung in der Ostukraine erinnert Matthew Fisher immer stärker an den Beginn der Balkankriege vor 20 Jahren. "As in the early days of the wars in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo, there is no clearly defined military front anywhere in Ukraine except perhaps around the eastern city of Slavyansk. Neither side actually holds much ground. There are, instead, a hodgepodge of places where separatists — often aided by an equally ragtag group of volunteers from Russia who dream of recreating parts of the Soviet empire — are nominally in charge with places right next door where Ukrainian forces have a toehold. (...) The majority of Ukrainians have until now sat on the fence, horrified by the black theatre unfolding around them. Transfixed by very different versions of what is happening seen around-the-clock on Ukrainian and Russian television, they will now come under intense pressure to take sides."

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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