US-Soldaten in Afghanistan




"US Provides Military Assistance to 73 Percent of World's Dictatorships"

Eine Auflistung der Organisation Freedom House zufolge können 49 Länder weltweit als "Diktaturen" eingestuft werden. Rich Whitney hat vorliegende Daten ausgewertet und ist zu dem Schluss gekommen, dass 36 dieser Länder im Jahr 2015 Militärhilfen aus den USA erhalten haben. "Most politically aware people know of some of the more highly publicized instances of this, such as the tens of billions of dollars' worth of US military assistance provided to the beheading capital of the world, the misogynistic monarchy of Saudi Arabia, and the repressive military dictatorship now in power in Egypt. But apologists for our nation's imperialistic foreign policy may try to rationalize such support, arguing that Saudi Arabia and Egypt are exceptions to the rule. (...) my survey of US support for dictatorships around the world demonstrates that our government's support for Saudi Arabia and Egypt are not exceptions to the rule at all. They are the rule."

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"Liberty Is Security: The Lesson Not Drawn From Post-9/11 Government Overreach"

Karen J. Greenberg schreibt, dass das historische Pendel zwischen staatlicher Macht und individuellen Bürgerrechten in den Jahren seit dem 11. September 2001 zu stark zugunsten des Staates ausgeschlagen sei, ohne die Sicherheit der Bevölkerung tatsächlich zu erhöhen. "It's been 15 years since 9/11 and yet few have noticed the obvious. Where the power of the national security state has been curtailed, it's been for a simple enough reason: undeniable ineffectiveness. Put another way, the biggest lesson of 9/11 has yet to be learned. It's a curious fact that what's actually lawful and mindful of liberty has turned out to be what also makes us more secure against our enemies. In these years, safety and liberty have been anything but incompatible, even if few are saying that. What should be seen as incompatible with liberty and safety is the overreach of the state in the name of ensuring both of them. It was that overreach, not our liberties, which made us less secure."

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"The War Against the Assad Regime Is Not a 'Pipeline War'"

Gareth Porter widerspricht der international offenbar verbreiteten Ansicht, dass die US-Regierung den Sturz des Assad-Regimes in Syrien vor allem betreibe, um den Bau einer Pipeline von Katar in die Türkei sicherzustellen. Es gebe keine Belege für die Behauptung, dass sich Assad 2009 dem Bau der Pipeline widersetzt habe. "That claim has no credibility for a very simple reason: there was no Qatari proposal for Syria to reject in 2009. It was not until October 2009 that Qatar and Turkey even agreed to form a working group to develop such a gas pipeline project. Even more important, the immediate problem for Qatar's proposal was not Syria but Saudi Arabia, whose territory the Qatari gas would have to cross to get to Syria. (...) If it's not a pipeline war, why is the US intervening in Syria? The US decision to support Turkey, Qatar and Saudi Arabia in their ill-conceived plan to overthrow the Assad regime was primarily a function of the primordial interest of the US permanent war state in its regional alliances."

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"Last Remaining Cluster Bomb Maker in the US Ceases Production After Critical Report"

In den USA hat der letzte verbliebene Hersteller von international geächteter Streumunition Sam Sacks zufolge seine Produktion eingestellt. Zuvor hatte US-Präsident Obama entschieden, Saudi-Arabien die Streumunition nicht länger zu verkaufen. "In its seventh annual report, the Cluster Munitions Monitor primarily implicated Russia, Syria, and Saudi Arabia for their ongoing use of cluster bombs, which were banned by more than 100 countries in 2008. The report noted, however, that many of the illegal munitions used - particularly in Saudi Arabia's air campaign against Yemen - were produced in the United States. On Wednesday, August 31, just before the results of the probe were released, Rhode Island-based weapons manufacturer Textron announced it would cease production of cluster munitions. The move was prompted by a decision made by President Obama in May to stop delivering the ordinances to Saudi Arabia, after it was first revealed that the US ally was using them around civilian populations."

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"Amnesty International: Turkish Authorities Are Committing Mass Torture in Crackdown"

Amnesty International wirft den türkischen Sicherheitsbehörden vor, bei ihrer Reaktion auf den Putschversuch Gefangene massenhaft zu foltern. "The global watchdog organization Amnesty International says it has received 'credible evidence' that the Turkish state under the rule of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is committing mass torture - including rape - in a crackdown following an alleged coup attempt. (...) Basing its findings on anonymous interviews with lawyers, doctors and 'a person on duty in a detention facility,' Amnesty International continued: 'Detainees are being arbitrarily held, including in informal places of detention. They have been denied access to lawyers and family members and have not been properly informed of the charges against them, undermining their right to a fair trial.'"

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"Political Prisoners in Ukraine: A Crisis Ignored by Western Media"

Halyna Mokrushyna wirft westlichen Medien vor, das Schicksal vieler politischer Gefangener in der Ukraine zu ignorieren. Die Regierung in Kiew gehe gegen viele Kritiker ihrer Politik mit Haftstrafen vor. "The government that came to power in Ukraine as a result of Euromaidan claims to be democratic and inclusive, but the current reality is quite different. Ukraine cannot hope to build a democracy if its state throws people in jail for dissenting opinions. Democracies do not do that. They are supposed to respect and embrace ideological differences."

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Saudi Arabia Is Receiving Weapons From the Same Nations Condemning Its Human Rights Record

Saudi-Arabien sei gegenwärtig dabei, einige umfangreiche Waffengeschäfte mit dem Westen abzuschließen, berichtet Lizabeth Paulat. Williger Geschäftspartner sei u.a. Kanada, das sich ansonsten gerne offiziell von den Menschenrechtsverletzungen und Hinrichtungen im saudischen Königreich distanziere. "So why are Canada, the US and the UK making arms deals with a country that has one of the most atrocious human rights records on earth, engages in warmongering and funds numerous terror cells? Obviously in the short term, money is the biggest driver. However according to Daniel Lazare this might come back to haunt the west. 'No matter how hard the West tries to seal itself off against the disorders that it itself is creating, it will find that a cordon sanitaire is impossible to maintain,' Lazare writes. 'This is wonderful news for arms manufacturers not to mention politicians desperate for an uptick in GDP, but somewhat less so for masses of ordinary people in Yemen, Syria, Lebanon and Paris who are now at the receiving end of all that weaponry and violence.'"

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"Return Gitmo, Pay Reparations?"

Die kubanische Regierung macht eine echte Normalisierung der Beziehungen zu den USA von amerikanischen Reparationszahlungen und der Rückgabe Guantanamos abhängig. Mark Weisbrot hält diese Forderungen angesichts der Geschichte beider Länder für verständlich und berechtigt. "The United States forced Cuba to accede to the military base in 1903, as well as grant permission to the United States to intervene in its internal affairs, as a condition of its 'independence.' Furthermore, even if one ignores how the lease originated, it was granted for a naval and coaling station - not a prison. (...) The Cuban demand for reparations is equally sensible. (...) Washington is unlikely to acknowledge that it owes reparations for its crimes against Cuba, partly because of fear that it would open the floodgates to demands from nations where the U.S. government contributed to mass slaughter and destruction during the same era: Guatemala, Haiti, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Iraq - to name a few."

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"WikiLeaks Reveals How the US Aggressively Pursued Regime Change in Syria, Igniting a Bloodbath"

Robert Naiman präsentiert einen Auszug aus dem Buch "The WikiLeaks Files: The World According to US Empire", in dem die 2010 von WikiLeaks veröffentlichten 251.287 geheimen Dokumente des US-Außenministeriums ausgewertet worden sind. Der Auszug beschäftigt sich mit der amerikanischen Syrienpolitik, die bereits im Jahr 2006 mit der Destabilisierung des Assad-Regimes beschäftigt gewesen sei. "Knowing that the US never really abandoned a regime-change policy in Syria informs our understanding of the question of US military intervention in Syria today. It shows us that the US is not an innocent victim of circumstance, having to consider the use of force because diplomacy has been exhausted; rather, the US faces a situation that it helped create, by pursuing regime change for years and never fully switching to diplomacy."

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"How Neoconservatives Destabilized Europe"

Robert Parry macht insbesondere die amerikanischen Neokonservativen und liberale Interventionisten für das aktuelle "Flüchtlingschaos" in Europa mitverantwortlich. "The refugee chaos that is now pushing deep into Europe - dramatized by gut-wrenching photos of Syrian toddler Aylan Kurdi whose body washed up on a beach in Turkey - started with the cavalier ambitions of American neocons and their liberal-interventionist sidekicks who planned to remake the Middle East and other parts of the world through 'regime change.' Instead of the promised wonders of 'democracy promotion' and 'human rights,' what these 'anti-realists' have accomplished is to spread death, destruction and destabilization across the Middle East and parts of Africa and now into Ukraine and the heart of Europe. Yet, since these neocon forces still control the Official Narrative, their explanations get top billing - such as that there hasn't been enough 'regime change.'"

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"Five Things You Need to Know About the US 'Reconstruction' Effort in Afghanistan"

Seit 2002 habe der US-Kongress etwa 109 Milliarden US-Dollar für den Wiederaufbau Afghanistans bewilligt, stellt Kanya D'Almeida fest. Auf dem Papier sei das Geld oft in lohnenswerte Projekte geflossen, in der Realität sei es zu massenhafter Verschwendung und Korruption gekommen. Heute stehe das Land vor einem kaum lösbaren Widerspruch: "The aid regime is the result of years of militarization; but stopping that aid means Afghanistan - a struggling state currently capable of raising just $2 [billion] out of the $10 billion it needs annually to manage its affairs - could quickly slide back into the abyss of the 1992-96 civil war years, a period Gopal describes in his book as a time when 'any date picked out of the calendar is the anniversary of some grisly toll.' [Journalist Anand Gopal] believes the crux of the crisis lies in the fact that, 'The Afghan state is designed to meet the national security interests of the United States - not to be responsive to the needs of Afghan citizens.' As long as this remains the case, the reconstruction effort will continue to be an exercise in futility: The US is watering a patch of militant soil upon which nothing but armed groups can grow."

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"Latin America's Lesson for the US: Prosecute the Torturers"

Die Menschenrechtsaktivistin Jo-Marie Burt empfiehlt den USA, sich im Umgang mit der eigenen Foltergeschichte am Beispiel lateinamerikanischer Länder zu orientieren. Argentinien, Chile, El Salvador und andere Staaten hätten Wahrheitskommissionen gebildet, um die Verbrechen früherer Regierungen aufzuklären. Mittlerweile würden einige Verantwortliche für ihre Taten auch vor Gericht gestellt. "Amnesty laws have been overturned or ignored, and criminal trials have moved forward in several countries, including Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Peru, and Guatemala. This has not been a linear or uncontested process — indeed, in many instances there have been setbacks, as in the quick overturning of the genocide verdict against former Guatemalan dictator Efraín Rí­os Montt last year — but the fact remains that Latin America is leading the way in demonstrating that it is possible to investigate and prosecute some of the worst abuses committed during prior governments."

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"The US Re-Militarization of Central America and Mexico"

Alexander Main vom Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR) wirft der US-Regierung vor, mit ihrer regionalen Sicherheitspolitik zu einer Militarisierung zentralamerikanischer Länder wie Mexiko beizutragen, bei der es auch zu neuen Menschenrechtsverletzungen komme. "The chilling reality is that the majority of U.S. security assistance flowing to Mexico and Central America is going to police and military forces that only two decades earlier were engaged in horrifying acts of killing and torture against political opponents and indigenous communities. (...) The U.S. government has been reluctant to acknowledge the growing number of extrajudicial killings and human rights abuses reportedly perpetrated by members of state security forces receiving U.S. support. In 2011, Human Rights Watch presented evidence of Mexican security forces' involvement in 'more than 170 cases of torture, 39 'disappearances,' and 24 extrajudicial killings since 2006.' And these incidents are likely only a drop in the bucket. From 2007 to April 2011 Mexico's Federal Prosecutor's Office opened 1,615 investigations into alleged military crimes against civilians, but not a single one of these investigations resulted in a prosecution."

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"How Did 'Don't Mess with the Money' Become the NSA's Motto?"

Jeff Vogel und Sam Pizzigati kritisieren, dass die NSA ihre beträchtlichen Überwachungskapazitäten nicht zur Aufdeckung von Finanzverbrechen an der Wall Street nutzt, die der amerikanischen Bevölkerung in den vergangenen Jahren beträchtlichen Schaden zugefügt hätten. "(...) why doesn't the NSA start watching Wall Street's agents of financial terror? Why don't its snoops look into every nook and cranny of our economy where investment bankers, hedge fund managers, private equity kingpins, and derivative wheeler-dealers are trading inside information and rigging markets, milking mergers and nuking jobs, all the while stuffing multiple millions (or billions) in their pockets? (...) How foolish of us to expect anything else — and how naïve of us, of course, to think that the NSA would ever spy on our richest and most powerful. NSA folks today, after all, are just doing their job. They're safeguarding the national security — of our plutocracy."

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"Kerry's Propaganda War on Russia's RT"

Ray McGovern, der jahrzehntelang selbst für die CIA tätig war, erläutert die Hintergründe des aktuellen "Informationskrieges" zwischen den USA und Russland. Nachrichtenkanäle wie der russische Sender RT oder Al Jazeera seien dabei nicht nur Propagandakanäle. Sie würden von der US-Regierung auch deshalb angegriffen, weil sie Informationen und Meinungen vermittelten, die in amerikanischen Mainstream-Medien kaum noch zu finden seien. "After years leading CIA’s Soviet Foreign Policy Branch, I know what effective propaganda looks like. The 'public diplomacy' effort led by Kerry and his merry propagandists at the State Department is a poor facsimile. (...) It was 51 years ago when I began work in Washington, so I have seen not only a lot of propaganda, but a lot of significant change, as well. By far the most important change I’ve witnessed is today’s near-total absence of a genuinely free U.S. media (elements of the Internet/Web being the sole and salutary exception). There is no way to exaggerate the significance of that sea change."

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"If Obama Orders the CIA To Kill a US Citizen, Amazon Will Be a Partner in Assassination"

Durch die Bereitstellung des Amazon-Cloud-Dienstes für die CIA beteilige sich das Unternehmen indirekt auch an den gezielten Attentaten auf mutmaßliche Terroristen, kritisiert Norman Solomon. "The firm’s Amazon Web Services division gained the CIA contract amid fervent hopes that the collaboration will open up vast new vistas for the further melding of surveillance and warfare. Notably, Amazon did not submit the low bid for the $600 million contract. The firm won the deal after persuading the CIA of its superior technical capacities in digital realms. Amazon is now integral to the U.S. government’s foreign policy of threatening and killing."

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"Totalitarian Paranoia in the Post-Orwellian Surveillance State"

Henry A Giroux beschreibt in seinem Essay die gesellschaftlichen Begleitumstände des sich abzeichnenden totalitären Überwachungsstaats. Verantwortlich seien nicht nur die Geheimdienste, es handele sich auch um ein kulturelles Problem, so Giroux. "(...) the most important transgression may not only be happening through the unwarranted watching, listening and collecting of information but also in a culture that normalizes surveillance by upping the pleasure quotient and enticements for consumers who use the new digital technologies and social networks to simulate false notions of community and to socialize young people into a culture of security and commodification in which their identities, values and desires are inextricably tied to a culture of private addictions, self-help and commodification. Surveillance feeds on the related notions of fear and delusion. Authoritarianism in its contemporary manifestations, as evidenced so grippingly in Orwell's text, no longer depends on the raw displays of power but instead has become omniscient in a culture of control in which the most cherished notions of agency collapse into unabashed narcissistic exhibitions and confessions of the self, serving as willing fodder for the spying state."

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Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

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