US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Reason


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03.08.2019

"Impending Defeat for the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse"

https://reason.com/2019/08/03/impending-defeat-for-the-four-horsemen-of-the-apocalypse/

Im Gegensatz zu den vielen schlechten Nachrichten aus aller Welt weist Ronald Bailey darauf hin, dass sich wichtige globale Trends durchaus in eine positive Richtung bewegen. Für die Überbetonung negativer Entwicklungen gebe es u.a. psychologische Gründe. "Smart people seek to be well-informed and so tend to be more voracious consumers of news. Since journalism focuses on dramatic events that go wrong, the nature of news thus tends to mislead readers and viewers into thinking that the world is in worse shape than it really is. This mental shortcut is called the availability bias, a name bestowed on it in 1973 by the behavioral scientists Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman. 'People tend to assess the relative importance of issues by the ease with which they are retrieved from memory — and this is largely determined by the extent of coverage in the media,' explains Kahneman in his book 'Thinking, Fast and Slow'. Another reason for the ubiquity of mistaken gloom derives from evolutionary psychology. A Stone Age person hears a rustle in the grass. Is it the wind or a lion? If he assumes it's the wind and the rustling turns out to be a lion, then that person does not live to become one of our ancestors. We are the descendants of the worried folks who tended to assume that all rustles in the grass were dangerous predators."

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21.06.2019

"Trump Is Right: Killing Innocent Iranians Would Be a 'Not Proportionate' Response to Downed Drone"

https://reason.com/2019/06/21/trump-is-right-killing-innocent-iranians-would-be-a-not-proportionate-respo
nse-to-downed-drone/

Eric Boehm hält die Entscheidung des US-Präsidenten, den bereits angelaufenen Militärschlag gegen den Iran zu stoppen, für richtig und angesichts der absehbaren Reaktionen sogar für "mutig". "It shouldn't be difficult to decide that murdering 150 innocent Iranians is an incorrect response to a drone being shot down. Unfortunately, the four men who occupied the White House before Trump have eroded that morality to the point where dropping bombs on the Middle East and Central Asia has become a reflexive action. It's something done with little regard for the damage done to America's reputation, to the prospects for a peaceful resolution to the region's problems, and (probably least of all, tragically) to the people on the receiving end of those strikes. Breaking that habit is not easy. It requires moral fortitude and, yes, bravery in the face of an almost-certain backlash from the domestic political elements that favor endless war."

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09.06.2019

"Trump Just Can't Quit Afghanistan"

https://reason.com/2019/06/09/trump-just-cant-quit-afghanistan/

Matt Welch stellt ernüchtert fest, dass US-Präsident Trump trotz gegenteiliger Ankündigungen keinen Rückzug der USA aus Afghanistan in die Wege geleitet habe. Trump habe sich wie seine Amtsvorgänger von seinen Beratern von der Notwendigkeit des Wartens auf einen "mythischen Moment" überzeugen lassen, ohne den ein Rückzug angeblich nicht möglich sei. "That has been the default position of the American political class for three administrations now. Even though George W. Bush campaigned on a more 'humble' foreign policy; even though Barack Obama won against both John McCain and Hillary Clinton while opposing the Iraq War; and even though Trump in his 2015 campaign announcement speech complained that 'we spent $2 trillion in Iraq…we lost thousands of lives…and we have nothing,' presidents once in office cannot bring themselves to face the truth about sunk costs. (...) The fact that Trump can announce a troop withdrawal from Syria in December and yet find himself, just four months later, agreeing to keep a presence of 1,000 there speaks to how difficult it is for a president to pull back America's military reach. 'When will we stop wasting our money on rebuilding Afghanistan?' citizen Donald Trump asked in 2011. It's still a good question. The military still doesn't have any good answers."

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04.04.2019

"Will Today's Global Trade Wars Lead to World War III?"

https://reason.com/archives/2019/04/04/will-todays-global-trade-wars

Daniel W. Drezner fürchtet, dass ein Rückgang der weltwirtschaftlichen Interdependenz den Weg für neue globale Konflikte ebnen könnte. "A central tenet of the liberal approach to international relations is that economic interdependence reduces the likelihood of war. While the 'democratic peace' is more widely known, the last 30 years have seen an explosion of research into what's come to be known as the 'capitalist peace' or 'commercial peace.' (...) No international relations theory is perfect, and the Achilles heel of the commercial peace hypothesis has long been the outbreak of the First World War. (...) Nonetheless, the backlash to globalization that preceded the Great War seems to be reprised in the current moment. Indeed, there are ways in which the current moment is scarier than the pre-1914 era. Back then, the world's hegemon, the United Kingdom, acted as a brake on economic closure. In 2019, the United States is the protectionist with its foot on the accelerator."

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09.08.2018

"Saudis Sentence Man to Crucifixion, Criticize Canada's Human Rights Record"

https://reason.com/blog/2018/08/09/saudi-arabia-canada-crucifixion-human-ri

Saudi-arabische Medien haben Kanada im aktuellen Streit zwischen den beiden Ländern vorgeworfen, in der Praxis selbst häufig gegen Menschenrechte zu verstoßen. Zuri Davis berichtet vor diesem Hintergrund, dass in Saudi-Arabien ein wegen Mordes verurteilter Mann vor wenigen Tagen gekreuzigt worden sei. "Saudi King Salman recently endorsed a court's decision to crucify a Myanmar man accused of theft and murder. The man, Elias Abulkalaam Jamaleddeen, was charged with breaking into a woman's home and stabbing her to death. He was additionally accused of stealing weapons, trying to stab another man, and attempting to rape a woman. Crucifixions in Saudi Arabia, as explained by the Associated Press, involve beheading an individual and placing their body on display. Though the practice of crucifixion is admittedly rare, Saudi Arabia imposes the death penalty at a higher rate than most other countries. (...) Saudi Arabia is currently a member of the United Nations' Human Rights Council."

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10.11.2017

"Is Silicon Valley Building the Infrastructure for a Police State?"

https://reason.com/reasontv/2017/11/10/artificial-intelligence-and-the-surveill

Zach Weissmueller weist darauf hin, dass einige Unternehmen in Silicon Valley die US-Regierung mit ihren Innovationen bei der Sammlung und Auswertung privater Nutzerdaten im Internet und in sozialen Netzwerken unterstützen. Es bestehe die Gefahr, dass damit die Grundlagen für einen "Polizeistaat" gelegt werden. "The Palo-Alto based Palantir is one of the biggest so-called threat intelligence firms, and it's primary backer is Peter Thiel, the PayPal founder, Facebook board member, and Trump supporter. Also an outspoken libertarian, Thiel told Fortune magazine he hopes Palantir's technology will help protect the civil liberties of Americans because, given the massive amounts of Americans' data the government takes in, 'if we could help [agents] make sense of data, they could end indiscriminate surveillance.' (...) Edward Hasbrouck of the nonprofit Identity Project says this technology enables the government to violate civil liberties without necessary checks on its power. He compares it to the Berlin Wall. 'By building checkpoints — by building the control mechanisms,' Hasbrouck says, 'we're already putting into place the infrastructure for those who will abuse them in the future.'"

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