US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Al-Monitor


»http://www.al-monitor.com«

suche-links1 2 .. 14suche-rechts

06.12.2019

"Intel: How US just contradicted its own justification for arming the Saudis in Yemen"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/12/intel-state-department-saudi-war-yemen-justification.h
tml

Ein leitender Mitarbeiter des US-Außenministeriums hat den Huthi-Rebellen in Jemen in einem Pressegespräch die Unabhängigkeit vom Iran bescheinigt. Bryant Harris schreibt, dass damit die Begründung für die amerikanische Unterstützung des von Saudi-Arabien angeführten Kriegs in Jemen entkräftet worden sei. "'The Houthis’ de-escalation proposal, which the Saudis are responding to, shows that Iran clearly does not speak for the Houthis, nor have the best interests of the Yemeni people at heart,' the department’s Iran coordinator Brian Hook told reporters at the State Department. 'Iran is trying to prolong Yemen’s civil war to project power.' (…) Former US diplomats insist that the Houthis’ independence from Iran was always well known. 'Look, we have said all along that the Houthis are pursuing Houthi objectives,' Gerald Feierstein, who served as ambassador to Yemen from 2010 to 2013, told Al-Monitor this week. 'And the fact that they cooperate with the Iranians, and the Iranians help the Houthis because the Iranians see advantage in using the Houthis to pressure Saudi Arabia, all of that is true. But the Houthis have never been proxies of Iran. They never followed Iranian leadership guidance.'"

Mehr lesen


02.12.2019

"Report: China, Russia worried about militants' return from Syria"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/12/report-china-russia-concerns-return-militants-syria.ht
ml

Nicht nur in Europa, auch in China und Russland sehe man einer Rückkehr einheimischer IS-Anhänger aus Irak und Syrien mit einiger Sorge entgegen, berichtet Jack Detsch. "The US-China Economic and Security Review Commission’s report indicates that Beijing in particular is worried that an influx of fighters returning home from the Syrian battlefield could sow insurgent activity along critical stretches of planned Chinese infrastructure investment. The report said the prospect of radicalization among members of the Muslim Uighur minority in the Xinjiang region 'is of particular concern to the Chinese government because the region is a crucial hub' for China's Belt and Road Initiative, which has used railway, port, and construction investments to woo Middle Eastern nations. The initiative has stoked concerns at the Pentagon about threats to American military technology. Chinese officials have claimed that up to 5,000 Uighurs are fighting in Syria, according to the report, but those figures have not been verified by American government agencies or independent experts, who indicate the actual number of foreign fighters may be lower. Meanwhile, Russian President Vladimir Putin has also expressed fears that as many as 4,000 Russians and 5,000 Central Asians have left to fight for the Islamic State, which has continued to conduct insurgent attacks, including drive-by shootings in eastern Syria, even as the Pentagon has insisted that the militant group’s self-described territorial caliphate has been eliminated."

Mehr lesen


26.11.2019

"IS designates Turkey as its next base"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/11/turkey-syria-iraq-are-isis-cells-regrouping-in-country
.html

Fehim Tastekin zufolge deutet einiges darauf hin, dass der "Islamische Staat" die Türkei als Standort für die Reorganisation der Terrormiliz ausgewählt habe. "The killings of IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and his spokesman Abu al-Hassan al-Muhajir so close to the Turkish border were clear signs that IS' next destination was Turkey. There are, of course, other pertinent developments. The arrests of so many IS members by Turkish security forces are another sign of IS' intention to create cells in the country. Iraqi intelligence sources have provided solid information that the brains of IS have moved to Turkey. The United States has tracked the jewelry shops and foreign currency exchanges used by IS in money transfers. (…) haphazard policies and flawed legal processes enable IS members to escape, hide and move as they want in Turkey. IS has further obtained more room to maneuver due to Operation Peace Spring and the subsequent deterioration of stability east of the Euphrates. The Pentagon’s latest report acknowledges this reality. According to the US Defense Intelligence Agency, IS found the opportunity to restructure after the latest Turkish intervention."

Mehr lesen


25.11.2019

"IDF hustles to prevent Syria from following in Lebanon's footsteps"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/11/israel-syria-iran-benjamin-netanyahu-security-idf-elec
tions.html

Das israelische Militär versuche derzeit, mit gezielten Luftangriffen auf Ziele in Syrien zu verhindern, dass das Land eine dauerhafte Basis für pro-iranische Milizen und so zu einem zweiten Libanon wird, schreibt Ben Caspit. "'Assad is facing a dilemma,' a senior security source told Al-Monitor on condition of anonymity. 'On the one hand, he is not truly happy with the Iranian activity in his territory and the fact that it gets him into trouble with Israel. On the other hand he still needs the Iranians and their boots on the ground. We will use this dilemma in the future in order for him to understand the Israeli message and seriousness about preventing Syria’s transformation into a second Lebanon. Hezbollah will not be replicated in Syria. This is a strategic Israeli decision and it is time everyone understood it.'"

Mehr lesen


18.11.2019

"IS kills priests in Syria as Turkish-backed fighters express IS sympathies"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/11/islamic-state-flags-turkey-operation-opposition-factio
ns.html

Im Nordosten Syriens sind am 11. November zwei Priester der armenisch‑katholischen Kirche von IS-Terroristen erschossen worden. Lamar Erkendi berichtet zudem über Hinweise auf IS-Sympathien unter den Ankara-treuen Milizen in der Region. "The Armenian National Committee of America said it looked to President Donald Trump to publicly press Turkish President Erdogan for an answer regarding the IS murder of two Catholic Armenian priests in a region of Syria that has fallen increasingly under the control of Ankara’s allies. (…) a 30-year-old man who managed to escape from his hometown of Ras al-Ain 20 days into the start of the Turkish operation, (…) told Al-Monitor on condition of anonymity that he saw pro-Turkey factions in Operation Spring of Peace hoist black IS flags at the autonomous administration buildings inside Ras al-Ain as they chanted IS slogans. 'As I cautiously wandered around a city neighborhood in Ras al-Ain to buy bread, I saw gunmen with long beards threaten passersby with knives. 'You, Kurds, will be slaughtered!' they said,' the man added. In a mosque in Ras al-Ain, Abu Islam al-Dairi, a Salafi leader in the National Army, was reported to have issued a fatwa during a Friday sermon whereby slaughtering and killing Kurds is allowed, saying Kurds are like pigs and dogs."

Mehr lesen


13.11.2019

"Islamic Jihad leader's elimination serves both Netanyahu, Hamas"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/11/israel-islamic-jihad-gaza-rocket-attacks-bennett-gantz
.html

Mit der gezielten Tötung eines Anführers des "Islamischen Dschihads" habe Israel der Hamas in die Hände gespielt, meint Ben Caspit. Es sei auffällig, dass sich die Hamas bisher nicht an den Vergeltungsschlägen des "Islamischen Dschihad" beteiligt habe. "For all intents and purposes, Netanyahu and Hamas are sort of allies. As of Wednesday morning, Hamas is not taking part in the rounds of fighting. Islamic Jihad launched 220 rockets as of the time of this writing alone, while Hamas sits on the fence and limits itself to verbally condemning Israel. Abu al-Ata a problem not only for Israel (and Egypt), but also for Hamas. He was a violent, belligerent and uncontrollable element, and no Hamas tears will be shed for him. Netanyahu and Hamas share almost the exact same interests: They want to preserve the differentiation between the Strip and the West Bank in order to perpetuate the deadlock in the political/diplomatic sphere and preserve the 'no partner' argument. Hamas wants to strengthen its regime to improve the living conditions of the Gaza public, and to prepare to conquer the West Bank. As of now, all these interests converge at the same point. (…) Even should Hamas unwillingly join the fighting in the coming days, that at least 30 hours passed in which Hamas held back and let Islamic Jihad wear itself out against the Israeli war machine is truly unprecedented."

Mehr lesen


07.11.2019

"Is the PKK worried by the YPG's growing popularity?"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/11/turkey-syria-pkk-worried-by-growing-popularity-of-ypg-
kurds.html

Die gewachsene internationale Popularität der syrischen Kurdenmiliz YPG wird von der verbündeten PKK in der Türkei einigen Beobachtern zufolge mit wachsendem Misstrauen beobachtet. "A Kurdish researcher who spoke to Al-Monitor said that the PKK command in Qandil is finding it hard to swallow the success and flourishing reputations of Abdi and Ilham Ahmed, the co-chair of the Syrian Democratic Council. (…) The PKK is known for its strong internal discipline. Personal popularity is not appreciated. Also, as a leftist organization, it is skeptical of the United States. The success story of Rojava and its emergence as a driver of the quest for an independent Kurdistan supports this assessment. (…) A frequent subject of debate is what ideology is dominant within the PYD and YPG: Kurdish ethno-nationalism or a leftist ideology. The radical camp in the organization defends the view that the global revolutionary camp is centered in the Middle East; the Kurdish people are the pioneers of the revolutionary process; and their political party is the PKK. Some quarters think that leftist radical ideas have damaged the Rojava experience and the PYD and YPG-inspired quest."

Mehr lesen


04.11.2019

"Baghdadi's death complicates Turkey's plan in Idlib"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/11/turkey-syria-baghdadis-death-complicates-ankara-idlib-
plans.html

Die US-Operation gegen den IS-Anführer al-Baghdadi habe die Position Ankaras im Norden Syriens verkompliziert, schreibt der türkische Kolumnist Fehim Tastekin. Das US-Militär habe klargemacht, dass es im Kampf gegen den IS auch künftig auf die Kooperation mit den syrischen Kurden setze. "Baghdadi's death — particularly the location of the raid — turned the tables in favor of the Kurds, who have long said that Turkey does not effectively fight IS militants in regions under its control. (…) The operations indicate that US forces will continue to pursue jihadi cells with the help of intelligence provided by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF). Redur Xelil, a spokesman for the Syrian Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG), confirmed that intelligence operations will intensify against IS sleeper cells. (…) Turkey’s integrity in the war on IS once again comes under suspicion. Most importantly, the Donald Trump administration’s decision to not use the Incirlik base and to not share operational details demonstrates that Washington does not trust its NATO ally. This alone is a great source of stress for Ankara. The next question Ankara will likely face is, who are the Turkey-backed forces in Syria? Furthermore, the SDF’s contribution in the raids undermines the legitimacy of Turkey’s claim that the Syrian Kurdish groups are terrorists."

Mehr lesen


28.10.2019

"US set for risky IS mission with leader’s death in Syria"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/10/us-risky-mission-syria-is-leader-death-baghdadi.html

Die Operation einer US-Spezialeinheit zur Ergreifung des IS-Anführers Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi könnte Jack Detsch zufolge exemplarisch für die künftige riskante US-Strategie zur Bekämpfung der Terrormiliz sein. Es sei allerdings fraglich, wie lange sich die USA dabei auf die Kooperation mit der arabisch-kurdischen SDF-Miliz vor Ort verlassen können. "The main thrust of the effort that took Baghdadi’s life came from an American military base in Erbil, which officials now expect will be the major hub of US operations to defeat IS, a senior US official told Al-Monitor, despite Iraq’s insistence that American troops departing Syria won’t be allowed to stay in the country. Units inside Syria also gathered for the raid. But risks from the operation, which injured two US service members, were evident almost from the start. (…) But as the Syrian battlefield becomes even more complex, some experts believe that a heavy US reliance on SDF for intelligence — which Mazlum said he provided to the Americans for five months ahead of the raid — may no longer be tenable after the SDF sought out protection from Russia and the Syrian regime, which could compromise American sources."

Mehr lesen


25.10.2019

"A post-mortem of Turkey’s Operation Peace Spring"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/10/turkey-united-states-russia-syria-postmortem-of-operat
ion.html

Der türkische Kolumnist Metin Gurcan zieht ein vorläufiges Fazit der türkischen Offensive zur Errichtung einer "Safe Zone" im Norden Syriens. Ankara habe viele Ziele erreicht, zentrale Fragen blieben allerdings weiter offen. "What will be the future status of the YPG’s 70,000 members? Will they be incorporated into the Syrian regime army, become an autonomous force or be demobilized? Will they be used under Russian sponsorship to fight the Islamic State? Or to restrict the pro-Iran and pan-Shiite militias that so bother Russia and Assad? The YPG could also be used to impose control over the Turkey-backed FSA factions that, to varying degrees, possess jihadi ideologies. Will Ankara accept the Russian guarantee of preserving the YPG's military strength, or will it insist on disarmament? More importantly, what is Russia’s vision for the Kurds in Syria and at a regional level?"

Mehr lesen


25.10.2019

"Israel forced to reassess demolition policy"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/10/israel-palestinians-mahmoud-abbas-demolition-terrorist
.html

PA-Präsident Abbas will künftig die Häuser von palästinensischen Attentätern und ihren Familien, die von Israel als Bestrafung abgerissen worden sind, wieder aufbauen lassen. Shlomi Eldar berichtet, dass die palästinensischen Medien einen entsprechenden Fall bereits mit großem Interesse verfolgt hätten. Das israelische Militär könnte sich vor diesem Hintergrund zu einem Strategiewechsel entschließen. "Rather than achieving deterrence and intimidation, the IDF had turned the family of terrorists into victims who received respect and admiration from the Palestinian public. (…) From now on, the demolition of any terrorist’s home will be turned into a political event among the Palestinian public, and everything that is demolished will be rebuilt by the PA. In other words, Abbas instructed that people and families punished by Israel would be embraced by the PA. (…) Over the coming days, Israel’s defense establishment will be forced to reassess whether the demolition of terrorists’ homes is an effective deterrent or just punishment. It will also have to decide whether turning every home that is destroyed into a 'house of sacrifice' doesn’t just intensify and glorify terrorist activities against Israeli targets. Now more than ever, with Abbas promising to build a new home for every family whose own is demolished, it looks like the policy isn’t working anymore."

Mehr lesen


23.10.2019

"Russian military faces tall order following Putin-Erdogan Syria deal"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/10/russia-military-turkey-ypg-syria.html

Maxim A. Suchkov zufolge könnte die Umsetzung der russisch-türkischen Vereinbarung in Nordsyrien das russische Militär vor Probleme stellen. "Ret. Col. Viktor Murakhovsky, editor of the Arsenal Otechestva (National Arsenal) military journal, (…) signals three concerns in this situation. '[There’s a risk] of being pulled into a potentially large-scale ground operation, which we have managed to avoid in the previous four years,' he outlined in his first concern. 'The operation is formally that of peacekeeping and counterterrorism, but in order to implement it, Russia would need to deploy larger forces and more equipment far away from our military bases in Hmeimim and Tartus. This will make the air force support for the troops more difficult,' Murakhovsky explained. 'Objectively speaking, the Russian engagement [in the] ground operation plays [an] American card. The air space east of the Euphrates is [still] the zone of control of the Americans, and we’ll have to deal with this issue,' Murakhovsky said, describing the second concern. Regarding the third concern, he argued, 'Russian troops become a target for radical and terrorist elements of various Syrian National Army factions as well as the Kurds. Russians may fall prey to 'side attacks' on Turkish forces.'"

Mehr lesen


21.10.2019

"Syrian cease-fire holds as Kurdish forces withdraw from Turkish border"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/10/syrian-ceasefire-holds-ypg-withdraws.html

Der zwischen der Türkei und den Kurden-Milizen in Nordsyrien vereinbarte Waffenstillstand scheint bisher zu halten. "The next phase of Turkey’s military operation to wrest control of much of northeast Syria from the Kurdish-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces may now depend on the outcome of talks between Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russia’s Vladimir Putin on Tuesday. 'We will take up this process with Mr. Putin. After that, we will hopefully take the necessary steps,' Erdogan said in televised comments. He did not elaborate. Turkey agreed to pause its operation for 120 hours under a US-brokered deal last week to allow the SDF to evacuate after President Donald Trump’s abrupt decision to pull the 1,000 or so special forces who trained and armed the SDF set the stage for Turkey to roll in troops on Oct. 9."

Mehr lesen


15.10.2019

"Who will pay $53 billion for Turkey’s safe zone project?"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/10/turkey-syria-who-will-pay-for-syrian-refugees-resettle
ment.html

Das türkische Projekt einer "Safe Zone" in Nordsyrien könnte Schätzungen zufolge bis 53 Milliarden US-Dollar kosten. Mehmet Cetingulec erläutert die drei Phasen der geplanten Umsiedlung von über zwei Millionen syrischen Flüchtlingen. "Turkey wants to build more than 400,000 housing units in northeastern Syria where Operation Peace Spring is taking place in order to resettle some 2 million Syrian refugees, half of whom currently live in Turkey and the other half already lives there. (...) [Erdogan] said Turkey was planning to resettle some 1 million refugees following the completion of the first phase of the military offensive (...). Erdogan said that in the second phase of the operation a safe zone with a depth of 30 kilometer (18 miles) and a length of 480 kilometer (300 miles) will be completed with the capacity to host an additional million refugees. (...) 'If we can manage to stretch the depth of the safe zone to Raqqa and Deir ez-Zor, we can increase the number of Syrians,' Erdogan said in regard to a third phase. Turkey will need some $53 billion for the first two phases of the project, and it handed out a booklet at the UNGA meeting explaining the high cost of the resettlement project. According to the booklet, a copy of which was obtained by Al-Monitor, the draft plan aims to establish 140 villages and 10 towns. (...) who will pay for this resettling project? It is likely that Erdogan brought the issue up at the UNGA in order to gauge the interest of the international community for a possible relief fund, asking for a donors conference."

Mehr lesen


15.10.2019

"Israel needs to learn lesson from Turkish assault on Kurds"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/10/israel-united-states-syria-iran-turkey-middle-east-pol
icy.html

Die türkische Offensive in Nordsyrien sollte auch Israel zu denken geben, meint Akiva Eldar. Es sei denkbar, dass sich Israel im Ernstfall nicht auf die bedingungslose Unterstützung der USA verlassen könnte. Dies sollte sicherheitspolitische Konsequenzen haben. "Every step that the United States takes away from the Middle East requires an Israeli move toward the Sunni Arab states — its natural partners in the battle to block Iran and its Shiite allies. The longer the delay in unveiling the 'deal of the century' that Trump promised to engineer between Israelis and Palestinians, the more relevant become the 2002 Arab Peace Initiative and the idea of a regional defense treaty. (...) People might say that American presidents come and go, but US support of Israel is everlasting. Trump’s two Democratic predecessors, Bill Clinton and Barack Obama, were not keen to engage in wars across the ocean and sought to curtail US involvement in the Middle East. Their Israeli-Palestinian peace initiatives did not yield any fruit juicier than Trump’s unripe Middle East peace plan. There is nothing on the horizon to suggest that the next US president will send Israel a weapons airlift in case of war, as President Richard Nixon did in October 1973. There is also no basis for hope that he will follow in the footsteps of Jimmy Carter, the sponsor of Israel’s first peace treaty with an Arab state. True, surprises are always possible, but as the Syrians, Kurds and Palestinians are painfully learning, there is no guarantee they will work in our favor."

Mehr lesen


13.10.2019

"Operation Peace Spring: What is the Turkish army's next step?"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/10/turkey-syria-united-states-operation-peace-spring-what
-next.html

Der türkische Kolumnist Metin Gurcan erläutert die strategischen Probleme der Türkei bei ihrer Invasion Nordsyriens. Ankara stehe vor dem Dilemma, einen Sieg nicht nur militärisch, sondern auch diplomatisch sowie auf dem Feld der Propaganda erringen zu müssen. "The Turkish government so far is focusing on the military front to ensure support on its domestic front. (...) [The Optics/propaganda front] is about the legitimacy of the operation in the eyes of the international community, particularly in the Western world. Paradoxically, the more Ankara scores military achievements on the ground, the more Ankara loses on this front. The SNA does not consist of well-disciplined forces. They record and share all what they are doing on social media, which is not beneficial to the legitimacy of the operation. Also, the YPG is very astute in creating fears of possible jail breaks by Islamic State fighters who currently are kept in YPG prisons. We can be sure that the YPG’s propaganda campaign to gain Western public opinion will increase as the Turkish operation expands. The impact of the footage of execution of female Kurdish politician Hervin Khalaf and her driver and two guards Oct. 12 on the M4 highway by SNA fighters is a good example of this. The SNA forces’ kidnappings, looting and executions may cause Ankara to lose the propaganda war."

Mehr lesen


10.10.2019

"Turkey has multiphase game plan for Syria operation"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/10/turkey-syria-untied-states-three-phase-of-ankara-plan.
html

Der türkische Kolumnist Metin Gurcan erläutert die mehrstufige Strategie, die die Türkei bei ihrer aktuellen Offensive in Nordsyrien verfolge. Er erwartet, dass das Endszenario nicht von Ankara oder den Kurdenmilizen, sondern von den Plänen anderer regionaler Akteure abhängen wird. "I have been predicting for two years that a clash between the Turkish army and the YPG is unavoidable east of the Euphrates. Turkey has initiated the operation, but the end will not be up to Ankara. Ankara will be squeezed tight between the United States and Russia. The latter two initially will decide how the operation progresses, how violent it will be and its pace. Then it will be up to Assad, Tehran, Baghdad or Erbil. The field realities will be determined by the choices of others' actions, more than by the military prowess of Turkey and the YPG. It is clear that military strength will be important but won't be the final determinant. The inevitable question therefore is: How far is Turkey willing to march through this dark tunnel full of uncertainties with no time limits?"

Mehr lesen


09.10.2019

"Russia has 3 messages for Turkey over operation in Syria"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/10/russia-turkey-operation-syria-us-kurds.html

Maxim A. Suchkov erläutert den strategischen Hintergrund der russischen Reaktion auf den Rückzug der US-Truppen aus Nordsyrien und die mittlerweile begonnene türkische Offensive. "In this tug of war for Turkey, Russia has positioned itself as a more pragmatic, predictable and 'delivering' partner than the United States. Such was the case with the sale of the S-400 to Turkey. In dealing with a difficult actor like Turkey, Russia has learned three things. First, you need to demonstrate empathy on issues that are sensitive and important to Turkish security. Second, clearly outline your own red lines and a corridor of opportunities for future cooperation on these issues. Third, take advantage of mistakes made by the other party whose position is important to Ankara — the United States — and use the contrast to your advantage. The statement by Kremlin’s spokesman reveals the ABCs of Russia's approach to Turkey. Despite its wise posture on the issue, Moscow is wary that the Turkish operation may upset its own important projects, among them Russia's brainchild, the Syrian Constitutional Committee."

Mehr lesen


04.10.2019

"Syrian opposition skeptical of Assad’s amnesty decision"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/10/amnesty-decision-syrian-regime-political-detainees.htm
l

Die syrische Regierung hat eine Amnestie für Armeedeserteure und die Freilassung politischer Gefangener in Aussicht gestellt. Khaled al-Khateb berichtet, dass viele Oppositionelle das Angebot aufgrund früherer Erfahrungen skeptisch beurteilen. "Asmaa Mohammad al-Mahmoud, a civilian activist who lives in the opposition-controlled western Aleppo province, told Al-Monitor, 'The opposition in Idlib province and the Euphrates Shield and Olive Branch areas of Aleppo province is still in general skeptical and cynical of the amnesty decision. Every opposition civil activist I know believes that this would not guarantee the release of detainees from the regime’s prisons, especially those who joined the ranks of the armed Syrian opposition, as well as the thousands of political detainees.' Ahmed al-Hariri, an opposition activist based in Azaz, told Al-Monitor, 'The general amnesty is a propaganda routine that is repeatedly used by the regime during the revolution but will remain just for show for many Syrians. Those who were previously pardoned returned to Syria only to be killed or arrested by the Syrian regime.' Al-Monitor could not independently verify that statement, though there have been many such allegations."

Mehr lesen


27.09.2019

"Benny Gantz: the lesser of two evils for Palestinians"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/09/palestinians-debate-joint-list-arabs-israeli-gantz-ele
ctions.html

In der politischen Hängepartie nach den israelischen Parlamentswahlen hat sich die Vereinigte Arabische Liste für den früheren Armeechef Benny Gantz vom Parteienbündnis Blau-Weiß als neuen Ministerpräsidenten ausgesprochen. Adnan Abu Amer berichtet über die Hintergründe der aufsehenerregenden Entscheidung. "The alliance, formed by several Arab parties in Israel — namely the Democratic Front for Peace and Equality, the southern branch of the Islamic Movement, the Arab Movement for Renewal and the National Democratic Alliance — won 13 seats in the Israeli elections Sept. 17, thus becoming the third largest party in the 120-member Israeli Knesset. Joint List member Osama Saadi told Al-Monitor, 'Our recommendation aims at overthrowing Benjamin Netanyahu and preventing him from maintaining his program of annexing the Jordan Valley and the West Bank settlements. We do not believe Gantz to be a symbol of peace, but he was chosen based on the lesser of two evils principle. The decision was taken following extensive discussions, and it was opposed by some members of the list whom we respect.'"

Mehr lesen


05.09.2019

"Erdogan hints at nuclear ambitions"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/09/erdogan-turkey-wants-nuclear-weapons.html

Könnte die Türkei bald zur nächsten Atommacht im Nahen Osten werden? Präsident Erdogan habe es in einer Rede prinzipiell für inakzeptabel erklärt, dass andere Länder der Türkei die Produktion von Atomwaffen verbieten, berichtet Diego Cupolo. "'Several countries have missiles with nuclear warheads, not one or two. But we can’t have them. This I cannot accept,' Erdogan told an audience of his supporters including Justice and Development Party members late Wednesday evening. 'There is no developed nation in the world that doesn’t have them,' he added, though just nine countries currently posses nuclear arms capabilities: the United States, Russia, United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan and, though technically unconfirmed, Israel and North Korea. The speech caused wide-ranging speculation over Erdogan’s intentions, but analysts expressed doubts the rhetoric would lead to a Turkish nuclear weapons program. (...) Instead, Erdogan was believed to be highlighting unfairness in the global security regime, in which he has long stated Turkey should play a more prominent role as the nation develops stronger defense relations with non-NATO countries such as Russia and China. Last night, Erdogan noted that Israel's nuclear program poses a threat to the region, implying Turkey should be afforded similar capabilities."

Mehr lesen


22.08.2019

"Turkey’s Patriot offer dead after S-400 delivery"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/08/turkey-patriot-offer-dead-s400-delivery.html

Die USA haben als weitere Reaktion auf die Lieferung der russischen S-400-Raketen in die Türkei ein Verkaufsangebot für das Flugabwehrsystem Patriot zurückgezogen. "The Donald Trump administration automatically rescinded a $3.5 billion deal to sell Raytheon-produced Patriot missile defenses to Turkey after it received the Russian S-400 system in July, Al-Monitor has learned. The cancellation had previously not been reported. The move denies Ankara a potential off ramp to remain aligned with NATO-compatible systems. Turkey had periodically sought Patriot batteries provided by the alliance to ward off threats to its airspace from Syria. 'We have consistently told Turkey that our latest offer of Patriot would be withdrawn if it took delivery of the S-400 system,' a State Department official told Al-Monitor. 'Our Patriot offer has expired.'"

Mehr lesen


14.08.2019

"Iran reaffirms support for Houthis as rift splits Saudi coalition"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/08/iran-support-yemen-houthi-rebels-rift-saudi-coalition-
war.html

Der Iran hat seine Unterstützung der Huthi-Rebellen in Jemen noch einmal bekräftigt und sieht sich angesichts der Brüche in der von Saudi-Arabien angeführten Koalition auf der Siegerstraße. "Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei once again threw his full weight behind Shiite Houthi rebels in Yemen, urging them to further intensify resistance against the Saudi-led 'aggression' in their country. (...) To Iran's hard-liners, the recent crack within the Saud-led coalition is but a sign that triumph is imminent. Javan, a hard-line, IRGC-affiliated newspaper, called the latest infighting a 'coup de grace' against the coalition. Elsewhere, Kayhan, which voices Khamenei's political views, wrote that clashes 'between the aggressors … indicate how worn out they have been by the powerful Houthis, who have been adamantly fighting back for 52 months.'"

Mehr lesen


12.08.2019

"Intel: Why a military confrontation between Turkey and the Kurds in Syria might be good news for Russia"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/08/intel-military-confrontation-turkey-kurds-syria-russia
.html

Ruslan Mamedov erläutert, warum eine von vielen Beobachtern befürchtete militärische Konfrontation zwischen der Türkei und den Kurden in Syrien Russland nicht ungelegen kommen würde. "The calculation is that once Turkey launches its assault and the Americans are unable to provide a cover for them, the Kurds may turn to Russia, empowering Moscow to try to create the conditions for yet another attempt at a rapprochement between the Kurds and Bashar al-Assad’s government. Until now, Russia sees the Kurds as having adopted 'maximalist positions' in their dealings with the Syrian government. 'Of course, we’d like to avoid casualties. But the Turkish operation could, perhaps, help us settle some issues,' a senior Russian diplomat told Al-Monitor on the basis of anonymity. 'If the Turks attack the Kurds, this may make the latter more flexible in terms of reaching an agreement with Damascus.'"

Mehr lesen


06.08.2019

"Tehran issues deadline for bypass to US sanctions"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/08/tehran-iran-issues-deadline-bypass-us-sanctions.html

Die iranische Führung hat der EU ein erneutes Ultimatum zur Umsetzung der zugesagten Sanktionserleichterungen gestellt. Rohollah Faghihi berichtet, dass sich Frankreich hinter den Kulissen um einen Kompromiss mit Teheran bemühe. "Iran announced Aug. 5 that it will give Europe one month to rescue it from economically devastating US sanctions before Tehran pulls back further from its commitments under the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). (...) While many in Tehran have lost faith in Europe’s ability to salvage the nuclear deal — owing to the latter’s past failed attempt to launch an instrument such as INSTEX that would cover Iran oil sales — the next few weeks seem crucial to the life of the JCPOA, which was the result of a decade of negotiations."

Mehr lesen


16.07.2019

"How Turkey is planning to handle US blowback over S-400s"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/07/turkey-russia-united-states-s400-how-ankara-handles-cr
isis.html

Die türkische Regierung ziehe die Lieferung der russischen S-400-Raketenabwehrsysteme mit Absicht in die Länge, um angemessen auf amerikanische Gegenmaßnahmen reagieren zu können, schreibt Metin Gurcan. Ankara sehe US-Präsident Trump dabei durchaus als Verbündeten: "Simply put, Ankara plans to get missiles in late September and fully activate the S-400 batteries at the end of the year, a kind of slow-motion activation that could spread the crisis out over the months to gain more time and manage Washington's responses with Trump's help. As I noted in an earlier article, Ankara is counting heavily on Trump to limit restrictions on F-35 jets and to keep the CAATSA sanctions off Turkey. The answers most people are looking for are whether Trump entered into a commitment at Osaka, and, if he did, what he is going to get from Ankara. What can Trump do for Turkey? He can delay the CAATSA process as much as possible to give time to Ankara, and also work to lighten possible sanctions."

Mehr lesen


15.07.2019

"Russia eyes big picture with S-400 sale to Turkey"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/07/russia-turkey-s400-us-technology.html

Russland verfolge mit dem geplanten Verkauf seiner S-400-Raketensysteme in Länder des Nahen Ostens auch das Ziel, die Abhängigkeit der Region von den USA zu reduzieren, schreibt Maxim A. Suchkov. "Moscow long ago figured out that the American grip on the region hinges to a large degree on its military component. Being unable to compete with the United States in physical presence nor in military procurements — and, frankly, seeing no need to pursue this path — Russia has nonetheless gradually filled niches by selling arms and forging associated military-technical partnerships. (...) Just like 'Russian interference' in the US elections, 'S-400' has become a buzzword for Russia’s perceived potency and exposes Western discomfiture. The interference issue is understood as Moscow's attempt to divide (predominately Western) societies to bring populist forces to power. The S-400 and Russia's other military-technical proposals serve to 'diversify and conquer.' Moscow wins its partners by providing them a political, military or technological alternative to what the United States has to offer. Technologically it may be not as advanced as the American products, yet at least as Moscow sees it, many world elites today prioritize strategic independence over technology (...)."

Mehr lesen


13.07.2019

"Rouhani out of time, support for revised nuclear deal"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/07/iran-us-tensions-sanctions-instex-eu-rouhani.html

Präsident Rohani sehe sich im Konflikt um das Atomabkommen zwei Fronten gegenüber, schreibt der iranische Journalist Rohollah Faghihi. Die US-Sanktionen, aber auch das europäische Versagen bei der Umsetzung des zugesagten speziellen Zahlungskanals Instex, führten im Iran zu einer spürbaren Radikalisierung. "(...) Iranians apparently aren't the only ones disappointed with Instex. A European diplomat told Al-Monitor, 'Even China doesn't believe Instex is useful. They're going to establish their own system.' (...) Domestically, Rouhani is losing a six-year battle to hard-liners and has been seriously weakened by the dire economic situation, which is rooted in the US undermining of the JCPOA. According to some reports, Rouhani’s popularity has fallen below 10%, which is unprecedented. (...) Moderates in Tehran risk being accused of betraying their country. They are being undermined and isolated, and their positions are being taken away one by one. (...) Rouhani is in such a difficult place right now that it would be hard for him to sell even his preferred version of Instex, which would allow oil sales. This isn't 2015, when Rouhani enjoyed vast public support and was able to force the establishment and hard-liners to cave in. Now, he doesn't have ordinary Iranians standing behind him to pave his way to a compromise with Europe. If he had that support, he could at least give Europe and Instex one more shot."

Mehr lesen


02.07.2019

"Iraq orders militias to fully integrate into state security forces"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/07/iraq-pmu-iran-abdul-mahdi-shiite-militias.html

Die irakische Regierung hat per Dekret angeordnet, dass sich die Milizen der Popular Mobilization Units (PMU) vollständig in die staatlichen Sicherheitskräfte integrieren müssen. "According to the decree, all the military factions within the PMU must retire their political and military affiliations and come under the full control of the prime minister as the commander in chief of the armed forces. Former Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi issued a similar decree in May 2018, but it has not been fully implemented, as some factions in the PMU are still affiliated with political parties and are under Iranian influence. (...) Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei has frequently requested that the Iraqi government not dissolve or integrate the PMU into the Iraqi army. As a parallel force, the PMU factions are able to operate separate from the army, perhaps leading to activities that could cause trouble for Iraq with the United States or regional powers. (...) Although Abdul Mahdi's move is an important step to prevent Iraq from becoming a battleground between Iran and the United States, there is no guarantee that the pro-Iran militias will abide by the decree."

Mehr lesen


26.06.2019

"With 'Chernobyl,' Iranians talk other people's nuclear problems, for a change"

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/06/chernobyl-series-raises-debates-in-iran.html

Die hochgelobte HBO-Serie "Chernobyl" habe auch im Iran eine angeregte Diskussion ausgelöst, berichtet Rohollah Faghihi. "The debate got started the day after the series premiered, when presidential adviser Hesameddin Ashena tweeted that politicians and members of the establishment should watch 'Chernobyl' and 'learn a lesson' from it. He underscored that the final episode raised a key issue: 'The main point of [the series] is the shocking question 'What is the cost of lies?'' (...) Choosing sides, others jumped into the debate in no time. The Reformist daily Shahrvand argued on June 17 that Farasati had used 'Chernobyl' to make a point about 'capitalist plotting and propaganda,' while Ashena had used it as a lesson for officials on transparency. The Reformist newspaper Sazandegi wrote on June 10, 'The controversy that this five-episode series has created is beyond reviewing a tragic occurrence … [The series] caused many for the first time to think about nuclear energy and its possible dangers.'"

Mehr lesen


suche-links1 2 .. 14suche-rechts

Hier finden Sie die Redaktion der Sicherheitspolitischen Presseschau.

Mehr lesen

Internationales

Internationales

Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

Mehr lesen

Online-Angebot

Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? Sicherheitspolitik.bpb.de liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

Mehr lesen auf sicherheitspolitik.bpb.de

Dossier

Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

Mehr lesen

Zahlen und Fakten

Globalisierung

Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

Mehr lesen

Publikationen zum Thema

Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

Das Herz verlässt keinen Ort, an dem es hängt

16 Autor*innen aus Krisengebieten wünschen sich für ihre Zukunft weiterschreiben zu können. In di...

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Sicherheitspolitik verstehen

Wie sieht eine zeitgemäße Sicherheitspolitik angesichts einer zunehmend komplexer werdenden und st...

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Am Hindukusch – und weiter?

Ende 2014 zogen die letzten deutschen ISAF-Truppen aus Afghanistan ab. Dieser Band zieht Bilanz, fra...

Zum Shop