US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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"Nobody Understands Democracy Anymore"

Shany Mor stellt einige Bücher zur "Krise der Demokratie" vor und entdeckt einen übergreifenden Mangel an Verständnis hinsichtlich der Funktionsweise der demokratischen Ordnung. "What the books have in common, beyond their shared subject matter, is a common confusion over what democracy actually is. This confusion about the differences between democracy’s complementary functions like lawmaking and voting is, in its own way, rather illuminating, as the shared shortcoming in the books suggests a broader breakdown in democratic understanding that helped engender the very crisis they were written to address. (...) Political thinkers have come to see governance as yet another market mechanism where preferences can be aggregated and efficient outcomes determined. If people disagree, they must be ill-informed or prejudiced. But disagreement is a fundamental condition — the fundamental condition — of politics. And the most important practice of democracy isn’t voting, but rather proscribing norms for the habit of legitimate disagreement. (...) As long as our discussion of democracy treats representation as though it were some kind of rounding error or approximation of the real thing, and law as though it were just another policy outcome, we won’t have a fully formed sense of what this democracy thing really is (...)."

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"Multiculturalism and the Anti-Enlightenment"

Marc Weitzmann erklärt in diesem Auszug aus seinem Buch "Hate: The Rising Tide of Anti-Semitism in France (and What It Means for Us)", warum die Wurzeln der pro-islamischen und anti-zionistischen Haltung vieler Anhänger der heutigen Linken im französischen Kolonialismus gefunden werden könnten, der Algerien im 19. Jahrhundert in ein "reaktionäres Fantasieland" verwandelt habe. "To make things perfectly clear: I am not suggesting that an interest in Islam necessarily leads to identity politics and apartheid, nor that Urbain and his like were wrong to point out the dilemmas of the modern crisis. The search for transcendental meaning is, in a sense, part of that crisis itself and probably can’t be avoided any more than modernity can. But, at least since Napoleon’s expedition in Egypt, the same crisis also affected the Muslim world. And while some of the religious dignitaries there fought to develop an “Islamic Enlightenment” based on a dialogue with the West, a majority simply took shelter in a conservative view, and people like Urbain, eager to escape the West and full of the enthusiasm of the convert, were naturally inclined to turn to them."

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"Why Israel Needs the Nation-State Law"

Liel Leibovitz verteidigt das umstrittene Nationalstaatsgesetz gegen die Kritik des linken politischen Lagers in Israel. "The overwhelming majority of Israeli Jews are still deeply committed to the Zionist idea, and see Israel as the historic homeland of the Jewish people. When the Jewish left — a political camp that had for decades embraced both Zionism and socialism without great difficulty and strove for justice without compromising its core values — abandoned its old affinities, this majority reacted by exercising its right for self-definition, a cornerstone of the democratic idea. It’s a pity that at the very moment when the nation’s Jews and Arabs alike would benefit greatly from moderation and reconciliation, the politics of radical chic triumphs and the breathless rhetoric of the extremes rings loudest."

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"Between the Settlers and the Unsettlers, the One-State Solution Is on Our Doorstep"

David P. Goldman hält die Einstaatenlösung für den Nahostkonflikt mittlerweile für unausweichlich. Israel werde angesichts zerfallender Staaten in der Nachbarschaft nichts anderes übrig bleiben, als erneut die direkte Herrschaft über die palästinensischen Gebiete zu übernehmen. "The historical homeland of the Jewish people will pass into Israeli sovereignty not because the national-religious will it to be so, or because an Israeli government seeks territorial aggrandizement, but because Israel will be the last man standing in the region, the only state able to govern Judea and Samaria, and the only military force capable of securing its borders. It will happen without fanfare, de facto rather than de jure, at some moment in the not-too-distant future when the foreign ministries of the West are locked in crisis session over Iraq or Syria. And it will happen with the tacit support of Egypt, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia."

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"Egypt Is on the Brink of Chaos. Here’s Why It Should Matter to Washington"

Lee Smith warnt davor, dass Ägypten bald zu einem Exporteur des internationalen Terrorismus werden könnte. Der frühere Militärchef und wahrscheinlich nächste Präsident Sisi sei offensichtlich inkompetent und habe bereits jetzt einiges zur künftigen Radikalisierung der ägyptischen Islamisten beigetragen. "For now, Sisi is as good as it’s going to get for Egypt. This White House, and the next, should be planning for how to manage the decline of a civilization, a nation of more than 80 million people likely to implode. Even if the Israeli land rail makes it possible for shipping to avoid a Suez under threat of terrorist attack, the reality is that sooner or later Egypt’s problems are going to reach everyone’s shores."

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"How Osama Bin Laden Outsmarted the U.S. and Got What He Wanted"

Osama bin Laden und die Al-Qaida hätten mit ihrer Terrorkampagne das konkrete Ziel verfolgt, die USA aus dem Nahen Osten zu vertreiben, schreibt David Samuels. Angesichts der Entwicklungen in der Region müsse man zu dem Schluss kommen, dass sie dieses Ziel erreicht hätten. "Even at this late date, it seems difficult for American policymakers to grasp exactly how Bin Laden’s mastery of the inherently paradoxical logic of warfare — a logic very different than the linear cause-and-effect style of reasoning that governs normal life and electoral politics alike — allowed a man without a country, heavy weapons, or even broadband Internet access to reshape the world to his advantage. The clarity of Bin Laden’s strategic insight, which now seems obvious, also suggests that the dynamic that he deliberately set in motion is still unfolding, in ways that he foresaw before his death — ways that continue to roil the Middle East and will continue to pose a threat to the safety of Americans at home."

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Hier finden Sie die Redaktion der Sicherheitspolitischen Presseschau.

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Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Publikationen zum Thema

Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

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