US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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"North Korea's Kim agrees to dismantle main nuke site if U.S. takes steps too"

Nordkoreas Staatschef Kim Jong-un hat beim Gipfeltreffen mit Südkoreas Präsident Moon Jae-in einen Abbau der landesweit größten Atomanlage in Aussicht gestellt. Voraussetzung wären demnach entsprechende und nicht näher genannte Zugeständnisse der USA. "According to a joint statement issued by the two leaders, Kim also accepted international inspectors to monitor the closing of a key missile test site and launch pad and a vowed to work with South Korea to host the Summer Olympics in 2032. Declaring they had made a major step toward peace on the Korean Peninsula, the two leaders were side by side as they announced the to a group of North and South Korean reporters after a closed-door meeting Wednesday morning."

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"U.S. military drawing up options should Syria use chemical weapons in Idlib"

Das US-Militär sei bereit, auf einen möglichen Chemiewaffeneinsatz in der Idlib-Provinz erneut mit Militärschlägen gegen Syrien zu reagieren, berichtet NBC News. "Marine General Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said no decision had been made by the United States to employ military force in response to a future chemical attack in Syria. 'But we are in a dialogue, a routine dialogue, with the president to make sure he knows where we are with regard to planning in the event that chemical weapons are used,' he told a small group of reporters during a trip to India. Dunford later added: 'He expects us to have military options and we have provided updates to him on the development of those military options.'"

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"Saudi-led coalition admits Yemen strike that killed dozens of children was 'unjustified'"

Die von Saudi-Arabien angeführte Militärkoalition hat überraschend eingestanden, dass der Luftangriff am 9. August in Jemen, bei dem dutzende Kinder getötet wurden, "ungerechtfertigt" gewesen sei. "The rare concession follows mounting international pressure, including from allies, to do more to limit civilian casualties in a 3-1/2 year civil war that has killed more than 10,000 people and pushed the already impoverished country to the brink of famine. (...) The war has so far garnered relatively little public attention in Western countries, but there are signs that is starting to change, particularly because of the role Western governments play in supplying arms to the coalition countries."

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"Trump cuts more than $200 million in U.S. aid to Palestinians"

Nach der Kürzung der Unterstützung für das Palästinenserhilfswerk der Vereinten Nationen (UNRWA) hat die US-Regierung weitere 200 Millionen US-Dollar an Finanzhilfen für die Palästinenser gestrichen. "The United States is cutting more than $200 million in aid to the Palestinians, the State Department said on Friday, amid a deteriorating relationship with the Palestinian leadership. A senior State Department official said without elaborating that the funds, originally planned for programs in the West Bank and Gaza, would address 'high-priority projects elsewhere.' 'We have undertaken a review of U.S. assistance to the Palestinian Authority and in the West Bank and Gaza to ensure these funds are spent in accordance with U.S. national interests and provide value to the U.S. taxpayer,' the official said in a statement."

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"Russia's political meddling efforts go beyond midterms, experts say"

Jason Abbruzzese hat mit Cyberexperten gesprochen, die der Ansicht sind, dass die aus Russland stammenden Hackerangriffe auf Ziele in den USA nicht nur im Hinblick auf die anstehenden Kongresswahlen beurteilt werden sollten. "There is a quiet but intensifying digital battle being fought between Russia and the U.S. that reaches into geopolitics and foreign policy. In particular, Russia wants to get rid of U.S. economic sanctions by eliminating Republican support for the measures. 'The Russians initiated a cyber-insurgency inside of American cyberspace in 2014,' said Tom Kellermann, chief cybersecurity officer for the security firm Carbon Black, who also served on the Obama administration's Commission on Cyber Security. 'This is ongoing. This has been going on for literally four years.'"

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"Officials worry Trump may back Erik Prince plan to privatize war in Afghanistan"

Die ausbleibenden Erfolge des US-Militärs in Afghanistan könnten einen zunehmend "frustrierten" US-Präsidenten Trump NBC News zufolge dazu bewegen, sich erneut dem Plan des Blackwater-Gründers Erik Prince zur Privatisierung des Krieges zuzuwenden. "Prince's idea, which first surfaced last year during the president's Afghanistan strategy review, envisions replacing troops with private military contractors who would work for a special U.S. envoy for the war who would report directly to the president. It has raised ethical and security concerns among senior military officials, key lawmakers and members of Trump's national security team. A year after Trump's strategy announcement, his advisers are worried his impatience with the Afghanistan conflict will cause him to seriously consider proposals like Prince's or abruptly order a complete U.S. withdrawal, officials said."

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"Saudi Arabia's explosion at a Canadian tweet shows how rules have changed"

Nach Ansicht von F. Brinley Bruton verdeutlicht der aktuelle Disput zwischen Kanada und Saudi-Arabien und die ausbleibende westliche Unterstützung der Kanadier, wie sehr sich das internationale System in den letzten Jahren verändert habe. "(...) the end of the Cold War after the collapse of the Soviet Union also dealt a blow to the global order that saw Western democracies freely lecture about human rights conditions in other countries. 'Unity within what used to be called the Western bloc has disappeared,' [Charles Freeman, the United States ambassador to Riyadh in the late 1980s and early ’90s,] said. 'But you also have the devolution of authority to regional actors and powers among which is Saudi Arabia. There will very likely be more forceful reactions by third-world countries to Western pontificating on their lack of liberal institutions.' These days, Western nations — in particular the U.S. — have a harder time occupying the moral high ground, Freeman added. 'The state of liberty in the West is not what it once was under the impact of terrorism,' he said, adding that examples of U.S. forces torturing detainees and officials engaging in extraordinary rendition undermined its claims to the moral high ground. 'There is a lot of hypocrisy, which is to say the moral standing of countries like the United States and Canada to preach to others about liberal values is not what it once was,' he said."

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"Watchdog says U.S. wasted more than $15 billion in past 11 years in Afghanistan"

Der Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) hat auf Anfrage eines Kongressabgeordneten kalkuliert, dass die USA in den vergangenen 11 Jahren in Afghanistan über 15 Milliarden US-Dollar verschwendet haben. "After 10 months of research, SIGAR sent a letter back to the congressmen that estimated the waste at $15.5 billion between SIGAR's inception in 2008 and Dec. 31, 2017, or 29 percent of the spending it audited. In the letter, obtained by NBC News, Special Inspector General John Sopko describes the figure as 'likely … only a portion of the total waste, fraud, abuse and failed efforts.'"

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"China is waging a 'cold war' against the U.S., says CIA Asia expert"

Ein hochrangiger CIA-Mitarbeiter hat China als größten strategischen Rivalen der USA gekennzeichnet. China strebe an, die USA als globale Supermacht abzulösen und führe zu diesem Zweck einen "Kalten Krieg". "'I would argue ... that what they’re waging against us is fundamentally a cold war — a cold war not like we saw during THE Cold War [between the U.S. and the Soviet Union] but a cold war by definition,' [Michael Collins, deputy assistant director of the CIA’s East Asia mission center,] told the Aspen Security Forum in Colorado. 'The Chinese fundamentally seek to replace the United States as the leading power in the world,' Collins added. (...) Washington has repeatedly railed against Beijing for what it says is a deeply entrenched theft of U.S. intellectual property and forced technology transfer from U.S. companies to Chinese competitors, charges Chinese officials deny. It has also criticized China for asserting its dominance in the contested South China Sea. 'I would argue that it’s the Crimea of the East,' Collins said, referring to Russia’s brash annexation of Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula, which was condemned throughout the West."

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"U.S. refuses European requests for exemptions from its new sanctions on Iran"

Die US-Regierung hat bei der Durchsetzung ihrer neuen Sanktionen gegen den Iran Ausnahmeregelungen für europäische Unternehmen abgelehnt. "The United States has rejected an appeal from Britain, France and Germany to grant broad exemptions to European firms doing business in Iran, saying it would press ahead with sanctions intended to exert 'unprecedented' economic pressure on the Tehran regime, U.S. and Western officials told NBC News. Replying to a June 4 letter from the European powers, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin wrote that the Trump administration would not agree to wide-ranging protections for European companies operating in Iran and instead would grant only limited exceptions based on national security or humanitarian grounds, the officials said. The stern message comes as the White House has ratcheted up its rhetoric toward Iran, accused Tehran of plotting terrorist attacks in Europe and vowed to hammer the country’s economy."

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"North Korea has increased nuclear production at secret sites, say U.S. officials"

US-Geheimdienste werfen Nordkorea NBC News zufolge vor, die Produktion atomaren Materials in geheimen Anlagen erhöht zu haben, um das Ausmaß des Atomwaffenprogramms in künftigen Verhandlungen mit den USA besser verschleiern zu können. "U.S. intelligence agencies believe that North Korea has increased its production of fuel for nuclear weapons at multiple secret sites in recent months — and that Kim Jong Un may try to hide those facilities as he seeks more concessions in nuclear talks with the Trump administration, U.S. officials told NBC News. (...) Analysts at the CIA (...) see a regime positioning itself to extract every concession it can from the Trump administration — while clinging to nuclear weapons it believes are essential to survival."

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"5 questions about the Supreme Court's travel ban ruling"

Der Oberste Gerichtshof der USA hat das von Präsident Trump erlassene Einreiseverbot für Bürger aus einer Reihe von Staaten bestätigt. Pete Williams erläutert die Umstände und Konsequenzen der Entscheidung, die von US-Demokraten und Bürgerrechtsorganisationen kritisiert worden ist. "Tuesday's Supreme Court ruling resolved one question, whether the Hawaii judge's order to block enforcement should go back into effect or be overturned, and the justices threw the order out. Under normal circumstances after such a decision, the case would go back to Hawaii for a trial on the underlying merits of the case. But that seems unlikely, because Tuesday's decision leaves the challengers almost no ground to stand on. Even so, the challengers say their lawsuits against the Trump administration forced the White House to narrow the travel ban."

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"Mattis is out of the loop and Trump doesn't listen to him, say officials"

US-Verteidigungsminister Mattis hat offenbar kaum noch Einfluss im Weißen Haus. Courtney Kube und Carol E. Lee berichten, dass US-Präsident Trump zuletzt mehrfach darauf verzichtet habe, Mattis über wichtige Entscheidungen zu informieren. "The way these recent presidential decisions on major national security issues have played out, as detailed by current and former White House and defense officials, underscores a significant change in Mattis's role in recent months. The president is relying less and less on the advice of one of the longest-serving members of his cabinet, the officials said. 'They don't really see eye to eye,' said a former senior White House official who has closely observed the relationship. It's a stark contrast to Trump's early enthusiasm for the retired four-star Marine general he proudly referred to as 'Mad Dog.' (...) The president is now more inclined to rely on his own instincts or the advice of Pompeo and Bolton, three people familiar with the matter said."

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"Car bomb tears through joyous Eid cease-fire in Afghanistan, killing at least 20"

Im ostafghanischen Nangarhar ist auf ein Treffen zwischen Vertretern der Taliban und afghanischer Regierungstruppen, die sich vor kurzem auf einen zeitweisen Waffenstillstand verständigt haben, ein Bombenanschlag verübt worden. Experten vermuten, dass der "Islamische Staat" für den Anschlag verantwortlich sein könnte. "No one immediately claimed responsibility for the attack, but ISIS has a strong presence in the region. The cease-fire does not include al Qaeda or the Islamic State group. 'The incident has nothing to do with the Taliban,' spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid told Reuters. 'The area where the blast happened is close to our front line. Some of our members went there to celebrate Eid. Our members suffered casualties.' Islamic State’s affiliated media arm, Amaq, released a statement about the attack, but there was no specific claim of responsibility by Islamic State, also known as ISIS, according to security consulting firm and NBC News partner Flashpoint Intelligence."

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"Trump and Kim Jong Un callously ignored human rights in their summit — just like Obama did around the world"

Vor Donald Trump habe bereits Barack Obama Menschenrechtsfragen in der US-Außenpolitik an den Rand gedrängt, schreibt Noah Rothman seinem Kommentar zum Nordkorea-Gipfel in Singapur. "Barack Obama, too, put human rights on the backburner — not because he didn’t care about the issue but because he and his acolytes mistakenly believed that domestic liberalization would be a natural consequence of integration into the community of nations. Prior to 1977, human rights concerns were not a central pillar of American foreign policy. Jimmy Carter’s team made it one, although that decision was not pure altruism. (...) Subsequent presidents of both parties adopted this ideological approach to foreign affairs because it was both diplomatically valuable and morally superior. (...) Obama and his team convinced themselves that the intersecting patchwork of institutions that make up the international environment would have a moderating effect on abusive regimes. But that was hubris. Today, Trump is walking right back into the same trap — albeit with the tacit support of many of Obama’s most vocal critics."

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"Trump's summit military concession to Kim surprises everyone"

Mit seinem Zugeständnis einer zeitweisen Einstellung der US-Militärmanöver mit Südkorea habe Präsident Trump auch das Pentagon und Seoul überrascht, berichtet Alexander Smith. "The next round of the joint drills were due to be held in August. But both the Pentagon and South Korea's military appeared to have blindsided by Trump's statement. U.S. Forces Korea said it had 'received no updated guidance,' and Seoul said it would need to clarify the 'intention behind his comments.' (...) Around 28,000 U.S. troops are based in South Korea. The U.S. and its allies maintain the drills are purely defensive in nature. As well as putting the North on edge, the drills highlight the gulf between the capabilities of the South Korean military and its advanced U.S. ally, and the sizable but aging North Korean forces."

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"CIA report says North Korea won't denuclearize, but might open a burger joint"

Die CIA hegt offenbar ernste Zweifel an der Bereitschaft Nordkoreas zu einer echten Denuklearisierung. Nordkoreanische Zugeständnisse sind den Geheimdienstlern zufolge allerdings auf anderen Gebieten denkbar: "'Everybody knows they are not going to denuclearize,' said one intelligence official who read the report, which was circulated earlier this month, days before Trump canceled the originally scheduled summit. In an odd twist, a list of potential concessions by North Korea in the CIA analysis included the possibility that Kim Jong Un may consider offering to open a Western hamburger franchise in Pyongyang as a show of goodwill, according to three national security officials. (...) On the nuclear question, the analysis suggests that a more realistic immediate objective would be convincing Kim to walk back recent progress on the country's nuclear weapons program, the officials said. But it's not clear that would pass muster with Trump — or America's allies."

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"Haspel promises not to reinstate 'enhanced' interrogation as CIA director"

Die umstrittene Kandidatin für den Posten der CIA-Chefin, Gina Haspel, hat in einer Mitteilung an den Geheimdienstausschuss des US-Senats versprochen, dass unter ihrer Führung keine "härteren Befragungen" von Gefangenen durchgeführt würden, berichtet NBC News. "Concern about Haspel's involvement in 'enhanced' interrogation came close to spiking her nomination on Friday, when she broached the idea of withdrawing her nomination over concerns that reopening the debate over the program could damage the CIA. Haspel decided to go ahead after she spoke with Trump by phone and after White House officials went to CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia, to reassure her that she had their support, two U.S. officials said."

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"Netanyahu's info on Iran nukes known to U.S. intelligence for years"

Auch US-Geheimdienstexperten haben Andrea Mitchell und Ken Dilanian zufolge bestätigt, dass die von Premierminister Netanjahu präsentierten Dokumente über die iranische Atomwaffenforschung keine neuen Informationen enthalten. "The information unveiled by Netanyahu with great fanfare on Monday has largely been known to American intelligence agencies for years, the officials said, confirming the assessment of Washington lawmakers and private experts. Other U.S. intelligence officials added that nothing in the documents, which Netanyhu said were smuggled out of Tehran, has changed the American intelligence judgment that Iran is living up to its agreement not to restart a nuclear weapons program, as American intelligence officials told senators Feb. 13. (...) 'There is literally nothing new here,' said Jeffrey Lewis, an arms control expert who favors the Obama-era nuclear deal with Iran from which President Donald Trump is contemplating an American exit. (...) Lewis' view was echoed by American intelligence officials, who told NBC News that while the documents may contains new details, the story they tell — that Iran once had an unauthorized nuclear program — is an old one."

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"Kim Jong Un offers denuclearization deal, but what's the catch?"

Die Staatschefs Nord- und Südkoreas haben bei ihrem Gipfeltreffen ein offizielles Friedensabkommen angekündigt und das Ziel einer atomaren Abrüstung bekräftigt. Trotz der historischen Symbolik des Treffens bleiben viele Experten Alastair Jamieson und Mac William Bishop zufolge skeptisch. "It leaves many observers asking, 'What’s the catch?' Kim’s promise to end 'the history of confrontation' appeared genuine, but analysts say there are several potential hazards for the United States in Friday’s deal. The biggest will be reaching agreement on the precise definition of 'denuclearization' and how it would be achieved or verified. 'North Korea cannot be trusted to denuclearize unless we know exactly what that means and under what conditions,' said Emil Dall, a research fellow at the RUSI think tank based in London. 'This deal doesn’t give us any detail about that.' While South Korea has no nuclear weapons, the U.S. has a major military presence in the country and Washington’s alliance with Seoul is a nuclear one — something that Pyongyang views as a threat. Kim could demand a reduced American presence, an end to joint U.S.-South Korea military exercises or a change to the terms of their alliance. 'That is something that Trump is unlikely to be able to offer,' Dall said."

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"North Korea nuke test halt could be a ruse, but also a sign Pyongyang serious about talks"

Nordkorea hat im Vorfeld des geplanten Gipfeltreffens mit den USA einen Stopp der eigenen Atomwaffen- und Raketentests verkündet. Andrea Mitchell hält dies für ein Zeichen, dass die Nordkoreaner tatsächlich zu ernsten Gesprächen bereit seien, warnt aber auch davor, sich von möglicherweise falschen Versprechen blenden zu lassen. "(...) the halt in tests could be just a lull in order to gauge American intentions. And the announcement that one nuclear test site would be closed is surely a ruse: U.S. negotiators from the Clinton and George W. Bush administrations have been fooled before by North Korean promises to disable nuclear and missile facilities, only to discover they simply relocated their programs at other underground sites. (...) That said, the famously secretive 'hermit kingdom' — the hardest of all intelligence targets for the U.S — has just opened a hotline between the leaders of South and North Korea. (...) As long as Trump administration taps into the expertise of professional analysts at CIA and NSC, and those remaining at the State Department, there is a chance this could lead to a significant change for a peninsula that has been living on a nuclear precipice for decades — if not full denuclearization, at least some form of verifiable containment."

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"Russia has figured out how to jam U.S. drones in Syria, officials say"

Dem russischen Militär in Syrien ist es offenbar gelungen, die Einsatzfähigkeit amerikanischer Drohnen einzuschränken. "The Russians began jamming some smaller U.S. drones several weeks ago, the officials said, after a series of suspected chemical weapons attacks on civilians in rebel-held eastern Ghouta. The Russian military was concerned the U.S. military would retaliate for the attacks and began jamming the GPS systems of drones operating in the area, the officials explained. (...) one official confirmed the tactic is having an operational impact on U.S. military operations in Syria. The officials said the equipment being used was developed by the Russian military and is very sophisticated, proving effective even against some encrypted signals and anti-jamming receivers. The drones impacted so far are smaller surveillance aircraft, as opposed to the larger Predators and Reapers that often operate in combat environments and can be armed."

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"As tensions rise over spy poisoning, U.K. accuses Russia of stockpiling nerve agent"

Der britische Außenminister Boris Johnson hat seine Vorwürfe gegen Russland in der Kontroverse um die Vergiftung eines russischen Ex-Spions noch einmal verschärft. "Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson said the trail of blame for the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia 'leads inexorably to the Kremlin.' Johnson told the BBC that 'we actually have evidence within the last 10 years that Russia has not only been investigating the delivery of nerve agents for the purposes of assassination but has also been creating and stockpiling Novichok' — the type of nerve agent Britain says was used in the attack."

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"Trump blocks Broadcom takeover bid for Qualcomm"

US-Präsident Trump hat die feindliche Übernahme des amerikanischen Chipherstellers Qualcomm durch den Rivalen Broadcom aus Singapur aus Gründen der nationalen Sicherheit blockiert. Der Deal im Wert von 117 Milliarden US-Dollar wäre der größte in der Geschichte der Tech-Industrie gewesen. "The Trump administration (...) balked at the prospect of a prominent U.S. chipmaker being owned by a foreign company, particularly at a time countries around the world are gearing up to build ultra-fast '5G' mobile networks that could tip the balance of power in technology. Although its name isn't widely known outside the technology industry, Qualcomm is one of the world's leading makers of the processors that power many smartphones and other mobile devices. Qualcomm also owns patents on key pieces of mobile technology that Apple and other manufacturers rely upon in their products. (...) Trump decided to squelch Broadcom's bid on the recommendation of the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States, which reviews foreign purchases of U.S. entities."

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"Sweden plans to build more bunkers amid fears of Russian aggression"

Schweden habe auf seinem Territorium während des Kalten Krieges etwa 65.000 Schutzbunker für die Zivilbevölkerung errichtet, die bis heute grundsätzlich einsatzbereit seien, berichten Alexander Smith und Vladimir Banic. Die Übernahme der Krim durch Russland im Jahr 2014 sei für viele Schweden ein "Weckruf" gewesen, um die einstige Sicherheitsstrategie erneut "hochzufahren". "In December, the country's Defense Commission recommended modernizing existing shelters while planning the construction of the first new ones in more than 15 years. 'It's expensive to build shelters, the Cold War was over and we had quite a calm situation in Europe,' says Brunnström, explaining his country's change of heart. 'But what happened in Ukraine in 2014, I think, shocked the Western world.' (...) The 'total defense' policy also included hundreds of thousands of reservists and civilian home guard personnel — not to mention its extensive network of bunkers where the rest of the population could weather any attack. Civilian self-reliance became baked into the Swedish psyche. This was crucial to Swedes' feeling safe. Although its military was strong, in the face of a global superpower it 'could not realistically defeat a determined invasion by directly facing the adversary at the borders,' says Dylan Lee Lehrke, a senior military analyst at IHS Markit, a data analysis firm in London. 'In order to achieve this deterrence,' he says, the military and civilian force 'needs to be able to impose unacceptable costs on any invader.'"

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"Putin unveils new Russian nuclear missile, says it renders defenses 'useless'"

Russlands Präsident Putin hat in einer umfassenden Rede an die Nation neue Raketensysteme vorgestellt, die als Reaktion auf die internationale Stationierung amerikanischer Raketenabwehrsysteme entwickelt worden seien. "Russia has a new array of nuclear-capable weapons including an intercontinental ballistic missile that renders defense systems 'useless,' President Vladimir Putin announced Thursday. The ICBM has a longer range than any other and can reach almost any target in the world, Putin said in his annual address to lawmakers and political elites. Other new technologies he highlighted included supersonic missiles and drone submarines that he said cannot be stopped. (...) He accused the West of 'ignoring us. Nobody listened to us. Well listen to us now.'"

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"Iraq court sentences 16 Turkish women to death for joining ISIS"

Ein irakisches Gericht hat 16 türkische Frauen wegen ihrer Mitgliedschaft beim "Islamischen Staat" zum Tode verurteilt. "Iraq is conducting the trials of hundreds of foreign women who have been detained with hundreds of their children since August by Iraqi forces as Islamic State strongholds crumbled. The central criminal court issued the sentences 'after it was proven they belong to the Daesh terrorist group and after they confessed to marrying Daesh elements or providing members of the group with logistical aid or helping them carry out terrorist attacks,' said Judge Abdul-Sattar al-Birqdar, referring to the militant group using an Arabic acronym. (...) More than 1,300 women and children surrendered to Kurdish Peshmerga in August, after government forces expelled the jihadist group from the northern Iraqi city of Tal Afar. Their numbers have since swelled to about 1,700 as more foreign nationals surrendered or were captured during operations to root out the militants, according to aid officials."

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"Watch out. North Korea keeps getting better at hacking"

Einer Untersuchung des IT-Sicherheitsunternehmens FireEye zufolge beschäftigt Nordkorea eine hochversierte Hackergruppe, die mittlerweile in der Lage sein soll, bei ihren Cyberangriffen Computer ohne Internetanschluss ins Visier zu nehmen. "That hacking group — which is not the one that attacked Sony Pictures entertainment in December 2014 — has been active since 2012 and focuses on defense targets in South Korea, FireEye says. CrowdStrike, another top cyber security firm, told NBC News it identifies the group by the name 'Labyrinth Chollima.' 'Their malware is quite sophisticated and is capable of stealing documents from the air-gapped or disconnected networks,' says a CrowdStrike intelligence paper. 'Primary targets include government, military, defense, finance, energy and electric utility sectors.' Keeping sensitive information on computers disconnected from the internet is a primary method of defending it from hackers. The ability to jump that 'air gap,' was once limited to a small number of sophisticated countries, but it has become more common, experts say."

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"Americans have forgotten what 'treason' actually means — and how it can be abused"

Einige Kritiker des US-Präsidenten werfen Donald Trump wegen der angeblichen Kooperation mit Russland den "Verrat" an den Vereinigten Staaten vor. Steve Vladeck erklärt, warum dieser Begriff seiner Ansicht nach nicht nur in dieser Debatte zu leichtfertig gebraucht wird. In der US-Verfassung sei "Verrat" ziemlich genau definiert worden, da der potentielle Missbrauch des Vorwurfs im Kampf gegen politische Gegner bereits damals genau erkannt worden sei. "Because of this history, a lot of things that might seem or feel like treason to casual observers do not, in fact, come close. In this context 'enemies,' for example, must be countries against which Congress has formally declared war or otherwise authorized the use of force. (So contemporary Russia is out, whatever role it may have played in the 2016 election.) (...) By those metrics, it should be obvious why it is not treason to either refuse to applaud the president or to collude with Russia to influence the outcome of a presidential election. To be sure, the latter, if proven, is light-years worse than the former. But treason is not defined by the gravity of the offense; it’s a crime indicating the clear support our enemies during wartime, period."

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"Russia intensifies bombing of Syria’s Idlib after rebels down jet, killing pilot"

Nach dem Abschuss eines russischen Kampfflugzeuges hat das russische Militär seine Luftangriffe auf Rebellengruppen in Idlib verstärkt. Die Angriffe sind Teil einer im Dezember begonnenen Offensive syrischer Regierungstruppen zur Einnahme der letzten großen Provinz in Rebellenhand. "In Idlib city, the provincial capital, one witness said a five-story building was leveled and that at least fifteen people were feared dead. In December, the Syrian army alongside Iranian-backed militias and heavy Russian airpower launched a major offensive to take territory in Idlib province, the last and most-densely populated province still mainly under opposition control. (...) The Syrian army and its Iranian Shiite militias allies made a string of gains in the last week after capturing a major air base that brought them just 7.5 miles from Saraqeb, the first heavily populated city in Idlib within their reach. They were pushing towards the main Damascus-Aleppo highway, the capture of which would cut rebel supply lines and open the door to an army advance into the heart of the province."

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