US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

The Globalist


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"Cyber Security: All China’s Fault?"

Greg Austin meint, dass die US-Regierung die Schuld an der internationalen Cyberspionage nicht nur China zuweisen sollte. "This is not to say by any means that China is without fault. Far from it. But what is equally undeniable is that the impact of the China cyber threat relative to other threats is exaggerated by the U.S. cybersecurity community. The other side of that same coin is that the U.S. capabilities and reach into Chinese networks is conveniently belittled – and strategically obscured. Major U.S. media, always interested in their ratings and click statistics, are all too happy propagators of that one-sided threat world."

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"Greater Asia: A China-Russia Entente?"

Russland wende sich infolge der Ukrainekrise immer stärker Asien zu, schreibt Dmitri Trenin. Peking stehe Moskau deshalb heute tatsächlich näher als Berlin. "This does not presage a new Sino-Russian bloc, but the epoch of post-communist Russia’s integration with the West is over. In the new epoch, Russia will seek to expand and deepen its relations with non-Western nations, focusing on Asia. Western leaders need to take this shift seriously."

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"The U.S. Strategy on IS in Iraq Has It Backwards"

Um den Krieg gegen den Islamischen Staat zu gewinnen, sollte die US-Regierung ihre bisherige Haltung zur staatlichen Einheit Iraks überdenken, meint David Apgar. "The argument still holds: The conservative Shia of the south suffered too many atrocities under Saddam and had to renounce too many religious traditions under secular rule to be expected to embrace Saddam’s Sunni friends and family as brothers in government today. That implies splitting the country’s Sunni north from its Shiite south. And it suggests trying to contain IS within the river valleys above Baghdad, the old Sunni heartland. During the Iraq war, there was a case for keeping modern Baghdad with the secular, Baathist north and drawing a new, internal east-west border south of the city. Today, Baghdad must be protected from the depravity of IS, so the new border must run north of it – keeping the violent extremists out of the city."

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"The Western Balkans: Europe’s Forgotten Region"

Anlässlich des im Sommer anstehenden 20. Jahrestages des Massakers in Srebrenica erläutert Denis MacShane den aktuellen Stand der sicherheitspolitischen Entwicklung in den Ländern des Westbalkans. Viele Meinungsverschiedenheiten seien nicht geklärt, so werde Kosovo z.B. bis heute nicht von allen EU-Ländern anerkannt. "Five European member states – Spain, Slovakia, Romania, Greece and Cyprus – refuse to recognize the independent status of Kosovo. Each may have its own reasons. (...) The only hope appears to be EU integration. Yet Serbia’s Prime Minister Alexsandar Vucic gave an aggressive interview to the Neue Zürcher Zeitung on March 10, 2015, in which he said, 'We are not ready to recognize Kosovo as an independent state. I hope Brussels is not waiting for any concessions from Serbia.'"

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"Kaliningrad: Achilles’ Heel for the West"

Greg Austin berichtet, dass Russland die Stationierung atomwaffenfähiger ballistischer Boden-Boden-Raketen in der Enklave Kaliningrad bestätigt habe. Der Konflikt mit dem Westen habe nun eine atomare Dimension, zudem müsse Kaliningrad von der EU als neuer potentieller Unruheherd in Betracht gezogen werden. "Russia’s aim in its Kaliningrad gambit is to put on the table for Europe the risk of opening up the entire fabric of continental security, mostly de-nuclearized, that has been set in place since the end of the Cold War. It reminds all parties of the wartime military occupation in 1945 and the tough post-war negotiations on territorial control of the Soviet Union and the Allies. (...) Russia may begin to push Europe to the point where it needs to trade peace and quiet around Kaliningrad and the Baltic region for peace and quiet around (Russian-held) Crimea."

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"Political Courage: Merkel Vs. Cameron"

Bill Humphrey vergleicht die Reaktionen der deutschen Bundeskanzlerin und des britischen Premierministers auf anti-islamische Kampagnen rechtspopulistischer Bewegungen und lobt Angela Merkels deutliche Ablehnung von ausländerfeindlichen Vorurteilen. "Contrast Ms. Merkel’s determination in the face of a rising tide of xenophobic hate with Prime Minister David Cameron’s positioning. All that he has mustered is a weak rejection, even uncomfortable accommodation, of Britain’s mounting xenophobia and anti-immigrant views in the political sphere and general population. (...) Chancellor Merkel deserves praise for standing fast against political extremism, anti-immigrant activists and anti-Muslim sentiments. Other elected global leaders would do well to learn from her example in the New Year’s speech and actually lead on this issue in 2015."

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"No NSA Reform, No CIA Reform"

Stephan Richter beklagt die scheinbare Unfähigkeit der amerikanischen Politik, auf Skandale wie die NSA-Überwachung und die CIA-Folter mit korrigierenden Reformen zu antworten. Es gebe einen "tiefen Staat", der dafür sorge, dass die offizielle politische Debatte einer Talk-Show gleiche. "The Obama team is mere road kill for the U.S. version of the 'deep state,' which here in the United States is charmingly called 'the national security establishment.' That establishment’s specialty is not so much torture and waterboarding – for those dirty jobs it has the hapless CIA. The deep state’s particular specialty – from official postings to TV pundit perches – is to bottle up any serious attempt to restrain its own near-unlimited range of maneuver."

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"U.S. Double Standards: ISIS and Murders in Mexico"

Bill Humphrey fragt, warum die US-Regierung auf den Terror des Islamischen Staats im Nahen Osten mit militärischen Mitteln reagiere, die mindestens ebenso barbarischen Morde der Drogenkartelle im Nachbarland Mexiko aber weitgehend ignoriere. "ISIS is held up for its barbarity. But the cartels in Mexico have them beat there, too, with far more public beheadings and dismemberments. There has also been a far more systematic campaign against reporters and citizen journalists in Mexico than anything seen from ISIS. (...) The Mexican cartels have not only staged attacks and assassinations inside the United States but have killed more U.S. citizens inside the United States itself than were killed by al-Qaeda on 9/11. The cartels have even attacked U.S. consulate compounds. (...) The Mexico conflict is the most egregious and unjustifiable strategic blind spot the United States currently has anywhere in the world. Every argument raised for the aggressive response toward ISIS could have been (and still can be) made toward the ongoing conflict in Mexico."

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"Angela Merkel and German Leadership in Foreign Policy"

Nach Ansicht von Stephan Richter hat Bundeskanzlerin Merkel die neue deutsche Führungsrolle in der europäischen Außenpolitik zuletzt eindrücklich gegenüber Russland und Großbritannien demonstriert. Es sei falsch, die deutsche Skepsis gegenüber einer Militarisierung außenpolitischer Konflikte als Führungsschwäche zu beklagen. "Where then does Germany fall short on leadership? The odds are that those who argue that case apply a very peculiar definition of leadership – as in: Now that we have created a mess, we don’t you help us clean it up? In short, these voices suggest, it is time for Germany to pay heed to America’s ill-advised strategy of militarizing everything. Is that the path the Germans should be taking? (...) Germans wisely emphasize the primacy of the political over the military. And they ask: What’s the supposed outcome or endgame? In the U.S. case, it is – largely for reasons of domestic politics – the other way around."

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"American Spying and Europe’s Disillusioned Pro-American Elites"

Die aufgedeckten Überwachungs- und Spionageoperationen der US-Geheimdienste in Europa hätten auch unter pro-amerikanischen Eliten Nachdenklichkeit ausgelöst, schreibt Stephan Richter. "First, there was George W. Bush, a U.S. president, who played loose with the facts. Somebody who made amazing claims, but then was unable to back them up. Somebody who had always preached responsibility, but then chose to act in the most irresponsible manner. Then came the much more mild-mannered Barack Obama — who ended up more or less captured by the same demons and practices that had made Bush II so unpalatable. That turn of events is precisely what concerns — even tortures — quite a few members of Europe’s pro-American elites. They are lawyers, bankers, doctors, professors and journalists. They wish it weren’t so. But events are drastic enough that, in hindsight, they now wonder whether they had been wrong in rejecting the analysis of U.S. motives on the world stage that had been advanced by all those Marxist agitators."

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"Asia’s Scramble for Africa: Who Woos Best?"

Die Rivalität zwischen China und Japan sei auch in Afrika zu erkennen, schreibt Shihoko Goto. Beide Länder hätten "Charmeoffensiven" gestartet, um sich den Zugang zu wichtigen Rohstoffen zu sichern. "For both Japan and China, the stakes for Africa are real, unlike the disputes over territories in the East China Sea. The latter are more about a clash of nationalist identities rather than a race for resources. For now, though, Japan appears to have the upper hand in Africa, at least diplomatically. The real challenge for Beijing will be whether it can match Tokyo’s soft power approach to winning over African hearts and minds."

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"Terabyte Leaks and Political Legitimacy in the U.S. and China"

Greg Austin erwartet weitere massenhafte Enthüllungen geheimer Daten und schreibt, dass dieser "Informationskrieg" die Legitimität politischer und ökonomischer Eliten weltweit gefährde. In China werde diese Gefahr besonders ernst genommen, dort sei bereits vom "Internet-Terrorismus" die Rede. "One thing is for sure: The international information wars are moving to new levels. Issues of ethics and legitimacy long considered settled are now at risk in novel ways either because of the very large scale of leaks themselves or the scale they can take on through new internet-based media. In the end, we may hope that liberal democracy — as in rule by the people in an atmosphere of personal freedom — can be the ultimate victor. But those who study the new technologies and politics, including in China, do not see that as inevitable."

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"Liberty Vs. Safety: A False Choice"

Alexei Bayer ist der Ansicht, dass sich Bürgerrechte und Sicherheitsinteressen bei der Beurteilung der Geheimdienstarbeit keineswegs widersprechen müssen. Die NSA und andere Dienste würden durch transparente Kontrollsysteme sogar an Effizienz gewinnen, da schwerwiegende Fehler bemerkt und entsprechend sanktioniert werden könnten. "(...) the atmosphere of secrecy and lack of transparency in which security agencies like to operate is quite dangerous. Most immediately, this undermines the professionalism and utility of the security agencies themselves. No one ever knows when they screw up or overstep the boundaries of the law. It’s an environment in which mistakes and failures go unpunished. The result can very well be more terrorist attacks in the future – and that is, believe it or not, the best outcome. Operating in the shadows, security forces become a state within a state, with their own interests and agendas that may differ from those of the citizens who pay their salaries. In order to get larger budgets and operate with less control, security services might want to exaggerate terrorist threats. They may allow terrorist attacks to go forward if that serves their purpose, and even go as far as to stage them outright if no suitable terrorists are available. Working out of the public eye, they may use their secret jobs for personal gain."

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Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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