US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

New York Times


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"A Forgotten Italian Port Could Become a Chinese Gateway to Europe"

Italien ist das erste Land der G7-Gruppe, das sich am chinesischen Projekt der Neuen Seidenstraße beteiligen wird. Der Hafen von Triest im Nordosten des Landes soll dabei zu einem Eingangstor für den europäischen Markt werden. "This week, President Xi Jinping of China arrives in Rome for a state visit in which Italy is expected to become the first Group of 7 nation to participate in China’s vast One Belt, One Road infrastructure project. The symbolism is striking — a powerful China drives a crack in the economic alliance that once dominated the globe and delivers a major blow to a Trump administration that has been critical of the Belt and Road Initiative. (...) For China, having a toehold in one of Europe’s historic ports would bring favorable customs conditions, a faster trade route to the heart of the Continent and direct access to railroads for moving its goods into the European Union."

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"Saudi Crown Prince’s Brutal Drive to Crush Dissenters Began Before Khashoggi"

Der saudi-arabische Kronprinz Mohammed bin Salman habe bereits vor der Ermordung des Journalisten Jamal Khashoggi eine "brutale" Kampagne zur Überwachung, Entführung und Folter von saudi-arabischen Abweichlern angeordnet, berichten Mark Mazzetti und Ben Hubbard. "At least some of the clandestine missions were carried out by members of the same team that killed and dismembered Mr. Khashoggi in Istanbul in October, suggesting that his killing was a particularly egregious part of a wider campaign to silence Saudi dissidents, according to the officials and associates of some of the Saudi victims. Members of the team that killed Mr. Khashoggi, which American officials called the Saudi Rapid Intervention Group, were involved in at least a dozen operations starting in 2017, the officials said."

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"U.S. Campaign to Ban Huawei Overseas Stumbles as Allies Resist"

Die internationale Kampagne der US-Regierung, die Verbündete zum Boykott des chinesischen IT-Unternehmens Huawei bewegen will, ist Julian E. Barnes und Adam Satariano zufolge ins Stocken geraten. "(...) the campaign has run aground. Britain, Germany, India and the United Arab Emirates are among the countries signaling they are unlikely to back the American effort to entirely ban Huawei from building their 5G networks. While some countries like Britain share the United States’ concerns, they argue that the security risks can be managed by closely scrutinizing the company and its software. The decisions are a blow to the Trump administration’s efforts to rein in Beijing’s economic and technological ambitions and to stop China from playing a central role in the next iteration of the internet. American government officials are now looking for other ways to curb Huawei’s global rise without the cooperation of overseas allies, including possibly restricting American companies from supplying Huawei with key components that it needs to build 5G networks across the world."

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"How ISIS Is Rising in the Philippines as It Dwindles in the Middle East"

Während das "Kalifat" des "Islamischen Staates" in Syrien in den letzten Zügen liegt, gewinnt die Terrormiliz in den Philippinen stetig an Einfluss, berichten Hannah Beech und Jason Gutierrez in ihrer Reportage aus der Provinz Basilan im Süden des Landes. "(...) far from defeated, the movement has sprouted elsewhere. And here in the Mindanao island group of the southern Philippines, long a haven for insurgents because of dense wilderness and weak policing, the Islamic State has attracted a range of militant jihadists. (...) The Islamic State’s lure seems never far from the surface in the southern Philippines. At a government ceremony in Basilan where houses were awarded to former Abu Sayyaf rebels under a long-gestating peace deal to bring autonomy to the Muslim south, security was so heavy that they were outnumbered by Philippine soldiers. Jem Habing, 22, a former Abu Sayyaf fighter who said he had joined at age 11, like many children in his village, seemed noncommittal when asked if he might rejoin. 'They convinced me that if you die in battle, you will be rewarded in the hereafter,' he said. 'They said it was the right path.'"

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"Disputed N.S.A. Phone Program Is Shut Down, Aide Says"

Die NSA hat ihr umstrittenes Programm zur Massenüberwachung von inländischen Telefongesprächen und Textnachrichten offenbar eingestellt. "The National Security Agency has quietly shut down a system that analyzes logs of Americans’ domestic calls and texts, according to a senior Republican congressional aide, halting a program that has touched off disputes about privacy and the rule of law since the Sept. 11 attacks. The agency has not used the system in months, and the Trump administration might not ask Congress to renew its legal authority, which is set to expire at the end of the year, according to the aide, Luke Murry, the House minority leader’s national security adviser."

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"Guaidó Vows a Prompt Return to Venezuela, as Unity Starts to Fray"

Die Auslandsreise des selbsternannten Übergangspräsidenten Juan Guaidó habe die Oppositionsbewegung in Venezuela spürbar erlahmen lassen, schreibt Nicholas Casey. "With each additional day that Mr. Guaidó spends outside the country, he further risks losing the unity of opposition parties, which have a long history of fracturing, said Geoff Ramsey, an analyst at the Washington Office on Latin America. 'At this point, the opposition doesn’t need another leader in exile,' Mr. Ramsey said. 'The more time that Guaidó spends away from Caracas, the more the opposition becomes leaderless.' (...) With Mr. Maduro firmly controlling the borders, and defections from his military so far numbering only in the hundreds, the opposition is being forced to accept that the government’s rule appears to be more durable than Mr. Guaidó had painted it. Ricardo Reyes, a journalist in Caracas, said that in Venezuela that message had been sinking in. 'A transition process isn’t easy and sometimes drags on more than you thought, especially when your Plan A didn’t work out,' he said. Given Mr. Maduro’s continued hold, the international community is considering compromises."

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"Where Terrorism Is Rising in Africa and the U.S. Is Leaving"

Das US-Militär, das wieder größeres Gewicht auf die Rivalität zu China und Russland legt, wird den Umfang der in Afrika aktiven Spezialeinheiten um 25% reduzieren. Eric Schmitt berichtet, dass diese Maßnahme besonders in Westafrika Besorgnis ausgelöst habe, da die Bedrohung durch Terrorgruppen und radikale Aufständische dort deutlich angestiegen sei. "What is emerging, critics said, is a glimpse of what happens when American troops, especially Special Operations forces, pull back before insurgents are effectively subdued, leaving local or allied forces to fend off the Islamic State, Al Qaeda or their offshoots. (...) France, the former colonial power in West Africa, maintains 4,500 troops in the region to help battle insurgents in Niger, Chad and Mali, where it routed Al Qaeda’s affiliate from the north in 2013. French officials said the Pentagon had assured them it would keep providing intelligence, logistics and aerial refueling in what Prime Minister Édouard Philippe called 'a hard fight,' while visiting troops in Mali last week."

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"Trump-Kim Summit’s Collapse Exposes the Risks of One-to-One Diplomacy"

Nach Ansicht von David E. Sanger hat der ergebnislose Ausgang des Gipfeltreffens von US-Präsident Trump mit Nordkoreas Staatschef Kim Jong Un in Hanoi bestätigt, wie riskant die diplomatische Strategie des US-Präsidenten sei. "The split underscored the risk of leader-to-leader diplomacy: When it fails, there are few places to go, no higher-up to step in and cut a compromise that saves the deal. In this case, the price may be high — especially if Mr. Kim responds to the failure by further accelerating his production of nuclear fuel and a frustrated Mr. Trump swings from his expressions of 'love' for the North Korean dictator and back to the 'fire and fury' language of early in his presidency."

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"ISIS Cases Raise a Question: What Does It Mean to Be Stateless?"

Die USA und Großbritannien erwägen derzeit, die Einreise von Frauen, die sich vor Jahren dem IS in Syrien und Irak angeschlossen haben und nun zurückkehren wollen, durch den Entzug der Staatsbürgerschaft zu verhindern. Megan Specia erläutert, warum einige Experten diese Option kritisch beurteilen. "However appealing it may appear to governments that want to send a powerful message to those who turn against their own countries, legal experts warn of long-term problems if the stranded Islamic State members end up stateless. 'This is leaving people homeless without protection, and destroying any form of international cooperation,' said Clive Baldwin, a senior legal adviser for Human Rights Watch. (...) It can mean a life in perpetual limbo, said David Baluarte, an expert on statelessness and professor of law at Washington and Lee University. (...) 'Civilized nations after World War II saw how abusive the stripping of citizenship that would leave someone stateless was,' Mr. Baluarte said. 'But we are bringing ourselves back to a place where we have forgotten how desperate the situation of statelessness was. And having this new wave of politically motivated expatriation is really troubling.'"

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"Is the Future of ISIS Female?"

Vera Mironova hat irakische Spezialeinheiten in Mosul begleitet und schreibt, dass Frauen im erneut erstarkenden "Islamischen Staat" eine neue wichtige Rolle spielen. "As it has lost power and land over the past year and a half or so, the Islamic State has quietly shifted from insistence on a strict gender hierarchy to allowing, even celebrating, female participation in military roles. It’s impossible to quantify just how many women are fighting for the group. Still, interviews with police forces in Mosul suggest they’ve become a regular presence that no longer surprises, as it did two years ago. (...) the rise of women as combatants represents a significant shift in a group notorious for its strict gender roles and misogyny — in the caliphate, men were supposed to fight, while women were supposed to stay home and raise as many children as possible — by other measures, the change is not as startling as it seems. The women once married to Islamic State militants who are now seeking to return to the West may claim to have simply been housewives, but from the beginnings of the group, some women were more radical than their husbands."

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"A European Army? The Germans and Dutch Take a Small Step"

Die Kooperation deutscher und niederländischer Soldaten im Panzerbataillon 414 in Lohheide wird von Katrin Bennhold in dieser Reportage als wegweisend hervorgehoben. "On a former Cold War base, German and Dutch soldiers, serving together in one tank battalion, stood to attention one recent morning and shouted their battle cry in both languages. 'We fight —,' their commander bellowed. '— for Germany!' the battalion replied in unison. 'We fight —,' the commander shouted. '— for the Netherlands!' his soldiers yelled back. They are not shouting 'for Europe.' Not yet. But the battalion — Europe’s first made up of soldiers from two countries — is an important baby step toward deeper European military cooperation. First floated after World War II, the idea of a European army is as old as the European Union itself, but has yet to become a reality."

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"Trump Delivers Blunt Warning to Venezuela Military Over Aid Impasse"

Diesem Bericht der New York Times zufolge gibt es bisher keine Anzeichen dafür, dass das Militär Venezuelas durch die amerikanischen Hilfslieferungen an der Grenze zu Kolumbien dazu bewegt werden könnte, sich von Präsident Maduro abzuwenden. "While Mr. Guaidó is regarded by the Trump administration as Venezuela’s rightful president, the White House is facing the reality that Mr. Maduro still controls the military, and with it, the state. 'If the opposition — and Trump administration — are trying to find ways to peel away military support for Maduro, threatening its monopoly on food distribution is not likely to be helpful in that regard,' said Cynthia J. Arnson, the Latin America director at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. She added that by creating a political showdown over the humanitarian shipment, the White House only increased the prospects that Mr. Maduro would keep blocking the aid. For Mr. Guaidó, there is an additional risk: In accepting wholeheartedly Mr. Trump’s embrace, Mr. Guaidó may look like a puppet of the United States."

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"With Trump’s Tough Deterrents, Many Asylum Seekers on the Border are Giving Up"

Viele Migranten aus Honduras und anderen Ländern Mittelamerikas, die seit vergangenem Jahr als Teil einer "Karawane" versuchen, in die USA zu gelangen, haben ihre Hoffnung angesichts der harten Haltung der US-Regierung der New York Times zufolge aufgegeben. "About 6,000 asylum seekers who had traveled en masse, many of them in defiance of Mr. Trump’s demands that they turn around, arrived in Northern Mexico in late November as part of a caravan that originated in Honduras. Since then, more than 1,000 have accepted an offer to be returned home by the Mexican government, the officials said. Another 1,000 have decided to stay in Mexico, accepting work permits that were offered to them last fall, at the height of international consternation over how to deal with the growing presence of migrant caravans. (...) Mexican officials said the data on people who have deferred or given up their quest for asylum in the United States reinforced an idea that is often raised by Mr. Trump: that many caravan members are not truly desperate for protection. 'What happened is that many people came on an adventure, trying their luck,' said Cesar Palencia, Tijuana’s chief of migrant services. 'When they realized that it was hard to cross and the conditions in Mexico were also difficult, among many factors, they decided to return home.'"

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"U.S. Revives Secret Program to Sabotage Iranian Missiles and Rockets"

Die US-Regierung hat der New York Times zufolge ein geheimes Programm zur Sabotage des iranischen Raketenprogramms neu aufleben lassen. Das Programm sei von Präsident George W. Bush begonnen und später von Präsident Obama fortgeführt worden. "Officials said it was impossible to measure precisely the success of the classified program, which has never been publicly acknowledged. But in the past month alone, two Iranian attempts to launch satellites have failed within minutes. Those two rocket failures — one that Iran announced on Jan. 15 and the other, an unacknowledged attempt, on Feb. 5 — were part of a pattern over the past 11 years. In that time, 67 percent of Iranian orbital launches have failed, an astonishingly high number compared to a 5 percent failure rate worldwide for similar space launches. (...) The officials described a far-reaching effort, created under President George W. Bush, to slip faulty parts and materials into Iran’s aerospace supply chains. The program was active early in the Obama administration, but had eased by 2017, when Mr. Pompeo took over as the director of the C.I.A. and injected it with new resources."

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"House Votes to Halt Aid for Saudi Arabia’s War in Yemen"

Das US-Repräsentantenhaus hat sich gegen eine weitere amerikanische Unterstützung des saudi-arabischen Kriegs in Jemen ausgesprochen. Sollte der Senat den Beschluss bestätigen, würde Präsident Trump wohl zum ersten Mal sein Veto einlegen, berichten Catie Edmondson und Charlie Savage. "The 248-to-177 vote, condemning a nearly four-year conflict in Yemen that has killed thousands of civilians and inflicted a devastating famine, will pressure the Republican-controlled Senate to respond. Eighteen Republicans — almost all of them hard-line conservatives with the Freedom Caucus — voted with the Democratic majority. (...) Senate passage of the Yemen resolution could prompt Mr. Trump to issue the first veto of his presidency, and it would come after Republicans have registered their unhappiness over other foreign policy issues, such as the president’s plan to withdraw troops from Syria and Afghanistan and his threats to pull the United States from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization."

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"U.S. and Taliban Agree in Principle to Peace Framework, Envoy Says"

Die Vertreter der US-Regierung und der Taliban haben sich bei ihren Gesprächen in Doha offenbar auf prinzipielle Eckpunkte eines Friedensabkommens verständigt. "American and Taliban officials have agreed in principle to the framework of a deal in which the insurgents would guarantee Afghan territory is never used by terrorists, which could lead to a full pullout of American troops in return for larger concessions from the Taliban, the chief United States negotiator said on Monday. The negotiator, Zalmay Khalilzad, said those concessions must include the Taliban’s agreement to a cease-fire and to talk directly with the Afghan government, which the insurgents have persistently opposed in the past. (...) After nine years of halting efforts to reach a peace deal with the Taliban, the draft framework, though preliminary, is the biggest tangible step toward ending a war that has cost tens of thousands of lives and profoundly changed American foreign policy."

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"Afghan Women Fear Peace With Taliban May Mean War on Them"

Viele Frauen in Afghanistan fürchten der New York Times zufolge, dass die möglicherweise bevorstehende Friedensvereinbarung zwischen den USA und den Taliban auf Kosten ihrer Rechte und ihrer Sicherheit zustande kommen wird. "'We don’t want a peace that will make the situation worse for women’s rights compared to now,' Robina Hamdard, head of the legal department for the Afghan Women’s Network, said. The organization is a foreign-funded coalition of prominent women’s organizations. No one needs to sell Afghan women on the need to bring an end to the bloodshed. They have buried far too many husbands and sons and brothers. But they fear that a peace that empowers the Taliban may herald a new war on women, and they want negotiators not to forget them. 'Afghan women want peace too,' Ms. Jami said. 'But not at any cost.'"

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"In 5G Race With China, U.S. Pushes Allies to Fight Huawei"

Die USA beurteilen den Konflikt mit dem Technologiekonzern Huawei als Teil eines technologischen "Wettrüstens" mit China, schreibt die New York Times. Seit dem vergangenen Jahr betreibe die US-Regierung eine verdeckte globale Kampagne, die verhindern soll, dass Huawei und andere chinesische Unternehmen sich an der Entwicklung des neuen 5G-Netzes beteiligen können. "The transition to 5G — already beginning in prototype systems in cities from Dallas to Atlanta — is likely to be more revolutionary than evolutionary. (...) In interviews with current and former senior American government officials, intelligence officers and top telecommunications executives, it is clear that the potential of 5G has created a zero-sum calculus in the Trump White House — a conviction that there must be a single winner in this arms race, and the loser must be banished. (...) American officials are trying to make clear with allies around the world that the war with China is not just about trade but a battle to protect the national security of the world’s leading democracies and key NATO members."

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"Is Zimbabwe’s President Showing His True Colors After Violent Protests?"

Nach dem erzwungenen Rücktritt von Robert Mugabe im November 2017 habe es die Hoffnung gegeben, dass der neue Präsident Simbabwes, Emmerson Mnangagwa, das Land mit "leichterer Hand" regieren wird, schreiben Jeffrey Moyo und Norimitsu Onishi. Die gewaltsame Reaktion der Regierung auf die Proteste gegen eine Erhöhung der Treibstoffpreise habe diese Hoffnung wohl endgültig enttäuscht. "A little more than a year after Mr. Mugabe’s downfall, Mr. Mnangagwa is now showing his true colors, many Zimbabweans are saying. As demonstrators filled the streets of Harare, the capital, to protest the deteriorating economy, Mr. Mnangagwa reacted in the past week with the same authoritarian reflexes as his predecessor: deploying soldiers and the police to crack down on demonstrators — resulting in the deaths of as many as a dozen individuals — and shutting down the internet. (...) The violence capped an unsuccessful yearlong effort by Mr. Mnangagwa and his ZANU-PF government to convince outsiders that the new Zimbabwe was fundamentally different from the old one. Initial hopes were dashed when government forces crushed protesters after elections in July, in which Mr. Mnangagwa was elected to a full term."

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"Pentagon Officials Fear Bolton’s Actions Increase Risk of Clash With Iran"

Im Pentagon wächst der New York Times zufolge die Sorge, dass der Nationale Sicherheitsberater John Bolton einen militärischen Konflikt mit dem Iran auslösen könnte. "At Mr. Bolton’s direction, the National Security Council asked the Pentagon last year to provide the White House with military options to strike Iran, Defense Department and senior American officials said on Sunday. The request, which alarmed then-Defense Secretary Jim Mattis and other Pentagon officials, came after Iranian-backed militants fired three mortars or rockets into an empty lot on the grounds of the United States Embassy in Baghdad in September. (...) Such a strike could have caused an armed conflict and could have prompted Iraq to order the United States to leave the country, said a senior American official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss internal policy deliberations."

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"As U.S. Exits Syria, Mideast Faces a Post-American Era"

Der Abzug der US-Truppen aus Syrien verstärkt nach Ansicht von Ben Hubbard den Eindruck, dass sich der Nahe Osten heute bereits in einer "postamerikanischen Ära" befindet. Experten wie Richard Haass vom Council on Foreign Relations beklagten, dass die Zukunft der Region nun von anderen Mächten bestimmt werde. Andere Fachleute verwiesen dagegen auf die bescheidenen Resultate des jahrzehntelangen amerikanischen Engagements. "As the United States steps back, Russia, Iran and regional strongmen increasingly step in to chart the region’s future. 'It is not pretty,' said Richard Haass, the president of the Council on Foreign Relations. 'It is violent. It is illiberal in every sense of the word, and the United States is essentially missing in action.' (...) But for some scholars of the region, the concrete benefits of all that engagement pale in comparison to the size of the American efforts. 'When you look at the cost-benefit analysis, there is a limited payoff, and the United States is going to reduce its footprint over time because there are so many other things to deal with in the world,' said Gary Sick, a Middle East scholar at Columbia University who served on the National Security Council under three presidents."

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"On the Front Line of the Saudi War in Yemen: Child Soldiers From Darfur"

Saudi-Arabien hat für den Krieg in Jemen offenbar auch Kindersoldaten des Konflikts in Darfur angeworben. David D. Kirkpatrick berichtet: "At any time for nearly four years as many as 14,000 Sudanese militiamen have been fighting in Yemen in tandem with the local militia aligned with the Saudis, according to several Sudanese fighters who have returned and Sudanese lawmakers who are attempting to track it. Hundreds, at least, have died there. Almost all the Sudanese fighters appear to come from the battle-scarred and impoverished region of Darfur, where some 300,000 people were killed and 1.2 million displaced during a dozen years of conflict over diminishing arable land and other scarce resources. Most belong to the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces, a tribal militia previously known as the Janjaweed. They were blamed for the systematic rape of women and girls, indiscriminate killing and other war crimes during Darfur’s conflict, and veterans involved in those horrors are now leading their deployment to Yemen — albeit in a more formal and structured campaign."

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"Inside Facebook’s Secret Rulebook for Global Political Speech"

Max Fisher berichtet über das geheime Regelwerk, mit dem das Unternehmen Facebook die Meinungsäußerung der Nutzer seiner sozialen Plattform "reguliert". "How can Facebook monitor billions of posts per day in over 100 languages, all without disturbing the endless expansion that is core to its business? The company’s solution: a network of workers using a maze of PowerPoint slides spelling out what’s forbidden. Every other Tuesday morning, several dozen Facebook employees gather over breakfast to come up with the rules, hashing out what the site’s two billion users should be allowed to say. The guidelines that emerge from these meetings are sent out to 7,500-plus moderators around the world. (After publication of this article, Facebook said it had increased that number to around 15,000.) The closely held rules are extensive, and they make the company a far more powerful arbiter of global speech than has been publicly recognized or acknowledged by the company itself, The New York Times has found."

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"Arms Sales to Saudis Leave American Fingerprints on Yemen’s Carnage"

Saudi-arabische Luftangriffe in Jemen haben einem neuen Bericht zufolge mehr als 4.600 zivile Todesopfer gefordert. In den USA haben diese Zahlen die Debatte über die amerikanischen Waffenverkäufe an den Verbündeten verstärkt. "In interviews, 10 current and former United States officials portrayed a troubled and fractious American response to regular reports of civilians killed in coalition airstrikes. The Pentagon and State Department have denied knowing whether American bombs were used in the war’s most notorious airstrikes, which have struck weddings, mosques and funerals. However, a former senior State Department official said that the United States had access to records of every airstrike over Yemen since the early days of the war, including the warplane and munitions used. At the same time, American efforts to advise the Saudis on how to protect civilians often came to naught. The Saudis whitewashed an American-sponsored initiative to investigate errant airstrikes and often ignored a voluminous no-strike list."

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"With the Generals Gone, Trump’s ‘America First’ Could Fully Emerge"

Mit Verteidigungsminister Mattis ist der letzte frühere General aus der Trump-Regierung zurückgetreten. Kritiker des US-Präsidenten befürchten David E. Sanger zufolge nun, dass es im Weißen Haus überhaupt keinen Verteidiger der liberalen Weltordnung mehr gebe. "Mattis (...) was the last senior official in the administration deeply invested in the world order that the United States has led for the 73 years since World War II, and the global footprint needed to keep that order together. (...) Mr. Trump has rid himself of the aides who feared the president was undercutting America’s long-term national interests. Now the president appears determined to assemble a new team of advisers who will not tell him what he cannot do, but rather embrace his vision of a powerful America that will amass a military that will enforce national sovereignty and bolster American deal-making — but not spend time nurturing the alliance relationships that Mr. Mattis, in a remarkable resignation letter, makes clear are at the core of American power."

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"Hacked European Cables Reveal a World of Anxiety About Trump, Russia and Iran"

Hacker sind offenbar in das Kommunikationsnetzwerk der EU eingedrungen und an vertrauliche diplomatische Nachrichten gelangt. Das Unternehmen Area 1 hat den Einbruch entdeckt und der New York Times über tausend der EU-Dokumente zur Verfügung gestellt. "Hackers infiltrated the European Union’s diplomatic communications network for years, downloading thousands of cables that reveal concerns about an unpredictable Trump administration and struggles to deal with Russia and China and the risk that Iran would revive its nuclear program. (...) The compromised material provides insight into Europe’s struggle to understand the political turmoil engulfing three continents. It includes memorandums of conversations with leaders in Saudi Arabia, Israel and other countries that were shared across the European Union. But it also revealed the huge appetite by hackers to sweep up even the most obscure details of international negotiations."

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"A Weakened China Tries a Different Approach With the U.S.: Treading Lightly"

Die New York Times stellt fest, dass die chinesische Führung auf die Verhaftung der Huawei-Finanzchefin in Kanada relativ verhalten reagiert habe. Der befürchtete geopolitische "Showdown" sei möglicherweise ausgeblieben, da China sich derzeit in einer geschwächten Position befinde. "The country’s economy is in a sharp downturn, putting political pressure on President Xi Jinping to reach a deal with President Trump. American officials recognize the leverage they now have, wielding tariffs to extract concessions that Beijing has long delayed or rejected altogether. (...) It’s hard to tell exactly how bad the economy has gotten in China. Many economists regard Chinese data as unreliable, and Beijing keeps a tight grip on information. But some sectors, like real estate and cars, indicate the plunge is getting steeper with each passing month."

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"Battered ISIS Keeps Grip on Last Piece of Territory for Over a Year"

Trotz amerikanischer Unterstützung ist es irakischen und kurdischen Truppen bisher nicht gelungen, den "Islamischen Staat" aus dem letzten verbliebenen IS-Gebiet an der irakisch-syrischen Grenze zu vertreiben. "'U.S. and Iraqi politicians have been quick to declare victory over the group, using terms like 'defeated' and 'obliterated,'' he wrote in a report issued last month. 'The Islamic State is far from obliterated.' The movement’s propaganda arm continues to broadcast aggressively, at the same pace as during the peak of its power, pursuing a sort of digital caliphate long after its territorial one has mostly disappeared. In the November attack, the group captured at least 30 members of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces, beheading at least one and disseminating videos of the prisoners through its social media channels. (...) American officials say the final push against the Islamic State is so difficult because the cornered fighters have nothing left to lose — and no other refuge. Although the military estimated that ISIS has only about 2,000 to 2,500 fighters in the Hajin area, General Roberson said they had had plenty of time to build elaborate defenses, including tunnels and booby-traps."

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"Huawei Arrest Tests China’s Leaders as Fear and Anger Grip Elite"

In der chinesischen Führungsschicht sei die Festnahme der Huawei-Finanzchefin in Kanada mit Wut und Furcht aufgenommen worden, berichtet Jane Perlez. Präsident Xi Jinping stehe damit auch vor einem innenpolitischen Problem, da er auf die Unterstützung durch die Eliten des Landes angewiesen sei. "Mr. Xi faces competing pressures — to show strength, perhaps by retaliating against the United States, but also to limit the cost of rising tensions and the trade war with Washington on China’s ruling class. 'Her arrest will have phenomenal repercussions in China,' said Tao Jingzhou, a corporate lawyer in Beijing. 'The wealthy have already been worried for a long time about their safety and their wealth in America,' he added. 'If the U.S. is going to pursue corruption and extraterritorial laws, that will increase.' Though Mr. Xi’s status as China’s paramount leader is unchallenged, his management of the economy and relations with the United States had come under criticism before Ms. Meng’s arrest, with some blaming him as pushing overly ambitious policies that aggravated the Trump administration and provoked the trade war."

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"After a Hiatus, China Accelerates Cyberspying Efforts to Obtain U.S. Technology"

Chinesische Cyberangriffe auf US-Unternehmen haben der New York Times zufolge nach einer jahrelangen Ruhepause wieder deutlich zugenommen. "Three years ago, President Barack Obama struck a deal with China that few thought was possible: President Xi Jinping agreed to end his nation’s yearslong practice of breaking into the computer systems of American companies, military contractors and government agencies to obtain designs, technology and corporate secrets, usually on behalf of China’s state-owned firms. (...) Soon after President Trump took office, China’s cyberespionage picked up again and, according to intelligence officials and analysts, accelerated in the last year as trade conflicts and other tensions began to poison relations between the world’s two largest economies. The nature of China’s espionage has also changed. The hackers of the People’s Liberation Army — whose famed Unit 61398 tore through American companies until its operations from a base in Shanghai were exposed in 2013 — were forced to stand down, some of them indicted by the United States. But now, the officials and analysts say, they have begun to be replaced by stealthier operatives in the country’s intelligence agencies. The new operatives have intensified their focus on America’s commercial and industrial prowess, and on technologies that the Chinese believe can give them a military advantage."

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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Publikationen zum Thema

Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

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