US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

New York Times


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"American Commandos Gear Up for New Shadow War With Russia"

US-Spezialeinheiten bereiten sich Eric Schmitt zufolge auf einen "Schattenkrieg" gegen Russland in Osteuropa vor. "Secretive, behind-the-lines mission rehearsals and other operations by 1,400 American and allied commandos to combat shifting Russian threats have laid bare a fundamental tension in the Trump administration: While the president courts Moscow, much of his government considers it an increasingly dangerous foe. (...) Under a revamped Pentagon strategy to counter growing threats from Russia and China, American commandos are teaming up with partners on Europe’s eastern flank to thwart Russia’s so-called hybrid warfare, which allied officials say increasingly involves manipulating events using a mix of subterfuge, cyberattacks and information warfare. The threats hark back to Cold War-era intrigue, but so far are being fought with bytes and bandwidth, not bombs and bullets."

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"Buddhists Go to Battle: When Nationalism Overrides Pacifism"

In Sri Lanka und Myanmar sei der eigentlich als pazifistisch geltende Buddhismus zur Grundlage von radikalen religiös-nationalistischen Bewegungen geworden, schreibt Hannah Beech. "Buddhists constitute overwhelming majorities of the population. Yet some Buddhists, especially those who subscribe to the purist Theravada strain of the faith, are increasingly convinced that they are under existential threat, particularly from an Islam struggling with its own violent fringe. As the tectonic plates of Buddhism and Islam collide, a portion of Buddhists are abandoning the peaceful tenets of their religion. (...) Given that Theravada Buddhists constitute overwhelming majorities in the five countries where their faith is practiced — Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand — it might seem strange that they feel so besieged. But Buddhism, whose adherents make up only 7 percent of the global faithful, is the only major religion whose population is not expected to grow in absolute numbers over the next few decades, according to the Pew Research Center. Meanwhile, the number of Muslims, who make up just under one-quarter of the world’s population, is growing quickly, buoyed by youthful demographics and high fertility rates. By 2050, Pew projects that there will be nearly as many Muslims in the world as there are Christians."

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"NATO Considers Missile Defense Upgrade, Risking Further Tensions With Russia"

Nach dem Ende des INF-Vertrags erwägt die NATO, ihre europäischen Raketenabwehrsysteme, die sich bislang offiziell nur gegen potentielle Bedrohungen von außerhalb Europas richten, für eine Abwehr russischer Mittelstreckenraketen auszubauen. "Any change to the stated mission of NATO’s current missile defense system — aimed at threats from outside the region, like Iran — would probably divide the alliance’s member countries and enrage Russia, which has long said it views NATO’s missile defense site in Romania and one under construction in Poland as a threat to its nuclear arsenal and a source of instability in Europe. 'It would be a point of no return with the Russians,' said Jim Townsend, a former Pentagon official and expert on the alliance. 'It would be a real escalation.'"

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"U.S. Tech Companies Sidestep a Trump Ban, to Keep Selling to Huawei"

US-Unternehmen wie Intel und Micron haben der New York Times zufolge Maßnahmen eingeleitet, um den Huawei-Boykott der US-Regierung zu umgehen und weiterhin Geschäfte mit dem chinesischen IT-Unternehmen zu machen. "United States chip makers are still selling millions of dollars of products to Huawei despite a Trump administration ban on the sale of American technology to the Chinese telecommunications giant, according to four people with knowledge of the sales. Industry leaders including Intel and Micron have found ways to avoid labeling goods as American-made, said the people, who spoke on the condition they not be named because they were not authorized to disclose the sales. (...) The sales will help Huawei continue to sell products such as smartphones and servers, and underscore how difficult it is for the Trump administration to clamp down on companies that it considers a national security threat, like Huawei. They also hint at the possible unintended consequences from altering the web of trade relationships that ties together the world’s electronics industry and global commerce."

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"As U.S. and Iran Face Off, Europe Is Stuck in the Middle"

Europa stehe der aktuellen Konfrontation zwischen den USA und Iran weitgehend machtlos gegenüber, stellt Steven Erlanger fest. "While the Europeans want to preserve the deal — which they see as important for their own security and for the stability of the Middle East — they are basically powerless in the face of American military and financial clout. Iran is calling on Europe to solve its economic problems brought on by the sanctions or face a collapse of the nuclear deal as Iran begins to exceed limits on uranium enrichment. But Washington wants the Europeans to join in pressing Iran to enter humiliating new negotiations to shut down Tehran’s nuclear program entirely, limit its missile programs and restrict its regional ambitions. (...) So, caught in the middle, the Europeans have been reduced to calling for restraint and de-escalation while both Washington and Tehran seem set on raising tensions — risking a conflict that, by accident or design, could burn the Middle East and disrupt the world’s energy supplies."

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"Mohamed Morsi Died in a Soundproof Cage"

Die Begleitumstände des plötzlichen Todes des früheren ägyptischen Präsidenten Mohammed Mursi haben nach Ansicht von Mona Eltahawy den Charakter des Regimes von Präsident Abdel Fattah al-Sisi bloßgelegt. "In three separate but politically motivated trials that made no pretense at fairness, Mr. Morsi was sentenced to more than 45 years in prison. He was kept in what was effectively solitary confinement for the past six years, during which he saw his family just three times, and was denied sufficient medical attention for his diabetes, high blood pressure and liver disease, which his lawyers had long warned would lead to his death. (...) By contrast, look to the cushy treatment afforded to Mr. Mubarak by a 'justice system' he had spent years stacking with his men. (...) It speaks volumes to the continued cruelty as well as insecurity of the el-Sisi regime that it forced Mr. Morsi’s family to bury him under heavy security at a Cairo cemetery rather than at the family’s cemetery in the province of Sharqiya. If the death sentence against Mr. Morsi in 2015 was overturned because the regime did not want to make a martyr of him, its cruelty has guaranteed that is exactly what he will become."

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"In Face-Off With Iran, Escalation May Depend on Who Prevails Inside Washington and Tehran"

Ob der Streit über die Angriffe auf zwei Schiffe im Golf von Oman zu einem Krieg der USA gegen den Iran führen könnte, wird nach Ansicht von David E. Sanger und David D. Kirkpatrick auch davon abhängen, ob sich die Hardliner in beiden Lagern durchsetzen. "In Iran, tension with the United States bolsters the appeal of hard-line politicians aligned with the Revolutionary Guards in next year’s parliamentary elections. In Washington, it strengthens the hand of hawks in the administration who may be trying to urge Mr. Trump toward more forceful action while weakening the claims of his critics — including most Democrats — who argue that President Barack Obama’s outreach to Tehran had been working. (...) The question now is whether escalation prevails, or whether the instinct to back away from direct confrontation — by Mr. Trump and those in Iran who see some kind of accommodation with the West as the only way out of the country’s isolation — kicks in. It is hardly guaranteed, but it has happened before."

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"U.S. Special Forces Battle Against ISIS Turns to Containment, and Concern"

US-Spezialeinheiten in Afghanistan haben der New York Times zufolge die Hoffnung aufgegeben, den "Islamischen Staat" im Osten des Landes dauerhaft vertreiben zu können. Künftige Operationen sollen deshalb das strategische Ziel der Eindämmung verfolgen. "The extremist group is growing, able to out-recruit its casualties so far, according to military officials. It is well funded by illicit smuggling and other revenue streams. And in the eastern part of the country, Islamic State fighters are waging a war of terrain that the United States military can — for now — only contain, those officials said. Interviews with six current and former American officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity, indicated that the group is poised to expand its influence if the United States and the Taliban reach a peace settlement. (...) Deep in Afghanistan, the immediate conclusion has been to try to keep up the pressure through patrols and raids by American and Afghan Special Operations units. But the officials acknowledge that it all amounts to more of a containment effort than anything that could eradicate the Islamic State loyalists here."

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"For Central Americans, Fleeing to Europe May Beat Trying to Reach U.S."

Angesichts der erschwerten Reise in die USA erwägen Migranten aus Zentralamerika Melissa Vida zufolge, stattdessen nach Europa zu ziehen. "The number seeking asylum in Europe has increased nearly 4,000 percent in the last decade, according to official figures, and the rate of arrivals is accelerating. Nearly 7,800 applied for asylum in Europe last year, up from 4,835 in 2017. The distance may be greater, but many have found that the journey to Europe is safer and much cheaper than paying smugglers to get through Mexico to the United States. (...) Spain is the first choice for many Central Americans because of the shared language, established networks of friends and family and opportunities to work in the informal economy. Another draw is the perception that the authorities are more tolerant, particularly after considering the danger and expense likely to be involved in a journey to the United States."

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"Why Should Immigrants 'Respect Our Borders'? The West Never Respected Theirs"

Suketu Mehta ist in seinem Beitrag zur Migrationsdebatte der Ansicht, dass sich westliche Länder zur Aufnahme von Migranten verpflichtet sollten, wenn die Herkunftsländer eine westliche Kolonialgeschichte haben oder sie durch westliche Politik bzw. Kriege ruiniert wurden. "Today, a quarter of a billion people are migrants. They are moving because the rich countries have stolen the future of the poor countries. Whether it is Iraqis and Syrians fleeing the effects of illegal American wars, or Africans seeking to work for their former European colonial masters, or Guatemalans and Hondurans trying to get into the country that peddles them guns and buys their drugs: They are coming here because we were there. Before you ask them to respect our borders, ask yourself: Has the West ever respected anyone’s borders? A vast majority of migrants move from a poor to a less poor country, not a rich one. Immigration quotas should be based on how much the host country has ruined other countries. Britain should have quotas for Indians and Nigerians; France for Malians and Tunisians; Belgium for very large numbers of Congolese."

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"The Most Powerful Arab Ruler Isn’t M.B.S. It’s M.B.Z."

Nicht der saudi-arabische Kronprinz Mohammad bin Salman, sondern Prinz Mohammed bin Zayed aus den Vereinigten Arabischen Emiraten könne heute als einflussreichster arabischer Herrscher betrachtet werden, meint David D. Kirkpatrick. Mohammed bin Zayed habe in den vergangenen Jahren stets die Nähe zu den USA gesucht und sei deshalb in der Lage, aggressiv und mit amerikanischer Unterstützung gegen den Iran und die Muslimbruderschaft vorzugehen. "Western diplomats who know the prince — known as M.B.Z. — say he is obsessed with two enemies, Iran and the Muslim Brotherhood. Mr. Trump has sought to move strongly against both and last week took steps to bypass congressional opposition to keep selling weapons to both Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. 'M.B.Z. has an extraordinary way of telling Americans his own interests but making it come across as good advice about the region,' said Ben Rhodes, a deputy national security adviser under President Barack Obama, whose sympathy for the Arab Spring and negotiations with Iran brought blistering criticism from the Emirati prince. When it comes to influence in Washington, Mr. Rhodes added, 'M.B.Z. is in a class by himself.'"

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"Trump Undercuts Bolton on North Korea and Iran"

Peter Baker und Maggie Haberman berichten, dass die Diskrepanzen zwischen den außenpolitischen Äußerungen des US-Präsidenten und seines Sicherheitsberaters in den vergangenen Tagen besonders offen zu Tage getreten seien. Während John Bolton seinen rhetorischen Konfrontationskurs gegenüber Iran und Nordkorea unvermindert fortsetze, habe Donald Trump bekräftigt, keinen Regimewechsel in Teheran anzustreben und die jüngsten nordkoreanischen Raketentests nicht als Verletzung von UN-Resolutionen zu betrachten. "In playing dove to Mr. Bolton’s hawk, Mr. Trump may be simply keeping adversaries off balance, as some backers maintained. But questions about his relationship with his chief foreign policy coordinator have profound implications for the president as he tries to manage standoffs in Asia, the Middle East and South America without alienating the United States’ allies. (...) In private, Mr. Trump has made fun of his adviser’s militant reputation, suggesting that he was the one restraining Mr. Bolton rather than the other way around. 'If it was up to John, we’d be in four wars now,' one senior official has recalled the president saying. (...) One person close to Mr. Trump said the situation resembled the moment when the president turned on Rex W. Tillerson, his first secretary of state, but still took another six months or more to push him out. Others expressed doubt that Mr. Trump would get rid of Mr. Bolton before next year’s re-election campaign."

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"In Baltimore and Beyond, a Stolen N.S.A. Tool Wreaks Havoc"

Eine von der NSA entwickelte und 2017 entwendete Schadsoftware wird der New York Times zufolge seit drei Wochen von "digitalen Erpressern" benutzt, um die Stadtverwaltung in Baltimore nahezu lahmzulegen. "It is not just in Baltimore. Security experts say EternalBlue attacks have reached a high, and cybercriminals are zeroing in on vulnerable American towns and cities, from Pennsylvania to Texas, paralyzing local governments and driving up costs. The N.S.A. connection to the attacks on American cities has not been previously reported, in part because the agency has refused to discuss or even acknowledge the loss of its cyberweapon, dumped online in April 2017 by a still-unidentified group calling itself the Shadow Brokers. Years later, the agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation still do not know whether the Shadow Brokers are foreign spies or disgruntled insiders. (...) Since that leak, foreign intelligence agencies and rogue actors have used EternalBlue to spread malware that has paralyzed hospitals, airports, rail and shipping operators, A.T.M.s and factories that produce critical vaccines. Now the tool is hitting the United States where it is most vulnerable, in local governments with aging digital infrastructure and fewer resources to defend themselves."

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"Potential Clash Over Secrets Looms Between Justice Dept. and C.I.A."

US-Präsident Trump will die geheimdienstlichen Informationen, die zu den langjährigen Russland-Ermittlungen gegen ihn geführt haben, gegen den Willen der CIA öffentlich machen. Julian E. Barnes und David E. Sanger erläutern, warum sich der Geheimdienst dem Präsidenten so vehement widersetzt. "Though the ultimate power to declassify documents rests with the president, Mr. Trump’s delegation of that power to [Attorney General William P. Barr] effectively stripped Mr. Coats and the C.I.A. of control of their secrets. The move could endanger the agencies’ ability to keep the identities of their sources secret, former intelligence officials said. Mr. Coats and Gina Haspel, the C.I.A. director, will fight hard to ensure that their most valuable secrets — the identities of sources — are protected, former officials have said. (...) Mr. Trump has long held that he was a target of the “deep state,” at various points accusing Mr. Obama without evidence of tapping his phones, the F.B.I. of secretly trying to undermine his candidacy and past intelligence chiefs of bending their findings to prove Russian involvement in his election victory."

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"Colombia’s Army Changes Pledge to Carry Out Killings"

Nach heftiger Kritik hat das Militär Kolumbiens angekündigt, auf die umstrittene Selbstverpflichtung zur Verdoppelung der Zahl von gefangenen oder getöteten Kämpfern und Kriminellen zu verzichten. "The orders had unnerved some senior army officers, who said the intense pressure to carry out attacks was heightening the risk of civilian casualties and had already led to suspicious deaths by overzealous soldiers. Colombia endured as many as 5,000 illegal killings in the mid-2000s after soldiers were pressured by their superiors to increase attacks on guerrilla fighters during the country’s civil war. Many soldiers killed innocent peasants during that era to lift their combat numbers, sometimes even dressing up civilian victims in rebel fatigues and planting weapons near their bodies to make them look like enemy fighters. (...) After the Times investigation, Maj. Gen. Nicacio Martínez Espinel, the top commander of the army, told the Colombian newspaper El Tiempo that he would withdraw the pledge required of officers."

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"Trump Administration Could Blacklist Chinese Surveillance Technology Firm"

Die US-Regierung erwägt offenbar Sanktionen gegen weitere chinesische Unternehmen. Der New York Times zufolge könnte es diesmal den Konzern Hikvision treffen, der Überwachungstechnologien entwickelt und dem die Beteiligung an der Unterdrückung der muslimischen Uiguren-Minderheit im Nordwesten Chinas vorgeworfen wird. "The move would effectively place the company, Hikvision, on a United States blacklist. It also would mark the first time the Trump administration punished a Chinese company for its role in the surveillance and mass detention of Uighurs, a mostly Muslim ethnic minority. (...) Hikvision is one of the world’s largest manufacturers of video surveillance products and is central to China’s ambitions to be the top global exporter of surveillance systems. The Commerce Department may require that American companies obtain government approval to supply components to Hikvision, limiting the company’s access to technology that helps power its equipment. Administration officials could make a final decision in the coming weeks."

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"The New German Anti-Semitism"

James Angelos beschreibt in dieser Reportage aus Berlin, welch neuen Formen des Antisemitismus sich die geschätzten 200.000 Juden in Deutschland heute gegenübersähen. "After East and West Germany reunified, many Jews feared a nationalist revival. Despite a wave of racist attacks on immigrants, that revival did not seem to materialize. In fact, the European Union, which was created to temper those impulses, was ascendant. Jews felt more secure, [Sigmount Königsberg, the Anti-Semitism Commissioner for the Jewish Community of Berlin,] told me: 'We unpacked the suitcase and stored it in the cellar.' Now, he believed, that sense of security has eroded. People aren’t heading for the exits yet, he said, but they are starting to think, Where did I put that suitcase?"

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"Colombia Army’s New Kill Orders Send Chills Down Ranks"

Das kolumbianische Militär hat sich aufgrund der angespannten Sicherheitslage zum Ziel gesetzt, die Zahl der gefangenen bzw. getöteten Kriminellen und militanten Kämpfer zu verdoppeln. Die New York Times berichtet, dass die neue Taktik die Zahl der zivilen Opfer von Militäreinsätzen wieder deutlich erhöhen könnte. "The new orders have sent a chill down the ranks of the army. Colombia’s military remains under investigation for the series of illegal killings in the mid-2000s, known as 'false positives.' Soldiers repeatedly killed peasants and claimed they were guerrilla fighters, sometimes even dressing them in fatigues and planting weapons near their bodies. The tactics stemmed from superiors demanding increased body counts, prosecutors say. Two of the officers said in lengthy interviews that Colombian soldiers were under intense pressure yet again — and that a pattern of suspicious killings and cover-ups had begun to emerge this year. (...) The new orders signal an increase in military campaigns against guerrilla and paramilitary groups in Colombia, which reached a peace deal with the nation’s largest rebel group — the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC — just two years ago. Peace has been elusive. Many former guerrillas have returned to fighting, while other criminal and paramilitary groups have expanded their control over parts of the country."

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"How Xi’s Last-Minute Switch on U.S.-China Trade Deal Upended It"

Die New York Times berichtet, dass die letzte Verhandlungsrunde zur Beilegung des Handelskonflikts zwischen den USA und China aufgrund kurzfristiger Forderungen Pekings gescheitert sei. Präsident Xi Jinping habe offensichtlich geglaubt, die US-Vertreter kurz vor dem Ziel zu weiteren Zugeständnissen bewegen zu können. "That has left hopes for a historic breakthrough in tatters. In China’s top-down political system, where President Xi has amassed formidable power, it’s unlikely that anyone else would have had the authority — or, for that matter, the nerve — to fundamentally alter the emerging pact at this late date. Having apparently made that decision, it is clear that Mr. Xi misjudged Mr. Trump’s eagerness for a deal and how far he could push the American negotiators, according to more than a dozen people, including current and former officials, researchers, lawyers, and trade experts familiar with the deal and how it fell apart. Now Mr. Xi risks being backed into a corner, unable to compromise between his own positions and Mr. Trump’s."

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"White House Reviews Military Plans Against Iran, in Echoes of Iraq War"

Auf Anweisung von Sicherheitsberater John Bolton sind im Weißen Haus der New York Times zufolge Pläne zur Entsendung von bis zu 120.000 US-Soldaten in den Nahen Osten diskutiert worden. Als Auslöser einer Intervention könnten demnach ein iranischer Angriff gegen US-Truppen vor Ort oder eine beschleunigte Entwicklung iranischer Atomwaffen in Frage kommen. "The development reflects the influence of Mr. Bolton, one of the administration’s most virulent Iran hawks, whose push for confrontation with Tehran was ignored more than a decade ago by President George W. Bush. It is highly uncertain whether Mr. Trump, who has sought to disentangle the United States from Afghanistan and Syria, ultimately would send so many American forces back to the Middle East. It is also unclear whether the president has been briefed on the number of troops or other details in the plans. (...) There are sharp divisions in the administration over how to respond to Iran at a time when tensions are rising about Iran’s nuclear policy and its intentions in the Middle East."

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"Inside Syria’s Secret Torture Prisons: How Bashar al-Assad Crushed Dissent"

Anne Barnard hat für ihre Reportage mit syrischen Flüchtlingen in der Türkei gesprochen, die über ihre Erfahrungen in den "Foltergefängnissen" der Assad-Regierung berichten. Systematische Unterdrückung, Folter und Hinrichtungen von Gefangenen hätten vor dem nahenden Ende des Konflikts wieder zugenommen. "The numbers peaked in the conflict’s bloodiest early years, but last year the Syrian Network recorded 5,607 new arrests that it classifies as arbitrary — more than 100 per week and nearly 25 percent more than the year before. (...) In recent months, Syria’s government has tacitly acknowledged that hundreds of people have died in detention. Under pressure from Moscow, Damascus has confirmed the deaths of at least several hundred people in custody by issuing death certificates or listing them as dead in family registration files. The Syrian Network’s founder, Fadel Abdul Ghany, said the move sent citizens a clear message: 'We won, we did this, and no one will punish us.' There is little hope for holding top officials accountable anytime soon. But there is a growing movement to seek justice through European courts."

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"Trump Considers Them Terrorists, but Some Are Allies"

Die US-Regierung erwägt Berichten zufolge, die Muslimbruderschaft offiziell zu einer Terrororganisation zu erklären. David D. Kirkpatrick zufolge würde Washington mit diesem Schritt allerdings auch Verbündete treffen. "In Kuwait, the Muslim Brotherhood is vocally pro-American. In Iraq, the Brotherhood’s political party has steadfastly supported the American-backed political process and still forms part of the governing coalition. And in Yemen, the Brotherhood-linked party is cooperating with some of America’s closest Arab allies in a war against a faction backed by Iran. President Trump’s proposal to designate the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist organization raises the difficult question of just whom he intends to target. The original Islamist organization, founded in Egypt in 1928, has spun off or inspired thousands of independent social or political groups around the world, and they are far from monolithic. They include mainstream associations and advocacy groups in Europe and North America, as well as recognized political parties in United States allies from Morocco to Indonesia. Although most of the Brotherhood-linked parties are sharply critical of United States foreign policy, at least a few — like those in Kuwait, Iraq and Yemen — have sometimes also supported American goals."

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"Guantánamo Bay as Nursing Home: Military Envisions Hospice Care as Terrorism Suspects Age"

Das US-Militär richte sich darauf ein, dass das Gefangenenlager in Guantanamo nicht geschlossen wird und viele der verbliebenen Gefangenen dort im hohen Alter sterben werden, berichtet Carol Rosenberg. "'Unless America’s policy changes, at some point we’ll be doing some sort of end of life care here,' the commander of the detention center, Rear Adm. John C. Ring, said during a discussion with reporters that highlighted the kinds of questions the prison is asking Pentagon policymakers to decide. 'A lot of my guys are prediabetic,' Admiral Ring said. 'Am I going to need dialysis down here? I don’t know. Someone’s got to tell me that. Are we going to do complex cancer care down here? I don’t know. Someone’s got to tell me that.' The prison is envisioning communal nursing home-style and hospice care confinement of detainees. Already, military commanders say, the detainees now suffer typical middle-age conditions: high blood pressure and cholesterol, joint pain, diabetes and, lately, sleep apnea."

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"Made in China, Exported to the World: The Surveillance State"

Chinas Überwachungstechnologien haben sich der New York Times zufolge zu einem Exportschlager entwickelt. Das Beispiel Ecuador zeige, wie sich das "Vorbild" des chinesischen Überwachungsstaates weltweit ausbreiten könnte. "Ecuador shows how technology built for China’s political system is now being applied — and sometimes abused — by other governments. Today, 18 countries — including Zimbabwe, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Kenya, the United Arab Emirates and Germany — are using Chinese-made intelligent monitoring systems, and 36 have received training in topics like 'public opinion guidance,' which is typically a euphemism for censorship, according to an October report from Freedom House, a pro-democracy research group. With China’s surveillance know-how and equipment now flowing to the world, critics warn that it could help underpin a future of tech-driven authoritarianism, potentially leading to a loss of privacy on an industrial scale. Often described as public security systems, the technologies have darker potential uses as tools of political repression."

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"Trump Endorses an Aspiring Libyan Strongman, Reversing Policy"

US-Präsident Trump hat der New York Times zufolge am vergangenen Freitag seine Unterstützung für den libyschen General Hifter ausgedrückt und damit in der Libyen-Politik der USA eine abrupte Kehrtwende vollzogen. "Mr. Trump called 'to discuss ongoing counterterrorism efforts and the need to achieve peace and stability in Libya,' the White House said in the statement. 'The President recognized Field Marshal Hifter’s significant role in fighting terrorism and securing Libya’s oil resources, and the two discussed a shared vision for Libya’s transition to a stable, democratic political system.' Analysts said Mr. Trump’s endorsement would embolden Mr. Hifter and hamper United Nations efforts to call for a cease-fire. It could also increase the likelihood that his regional sponsors like Egypt or the United Arab Emirates might intervene on his behalf, as each has in the past in Libya."

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"Military Drills in Arctic Aim to Counter Russia, but the First Mission Is to Battle the Cold"

Das schmelzende Eis in der Arktis lasse eine bislang undurchlässige Barriere zwischen Nordamerika und Russland verschwinden, schreibt Helene Cooper. Russland verstärke seine militärische Präsenz in der Region bereits seit einiger Zeit, nun versuche die NATO und insbesondere Kanada, den russischen Vorsprung aufzuholen. "At a meeting on Tuesday of the International Arctic Forum, President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia outlined an ambitious program, including new ports and infrastructure, to further cement Russia’s standing in the region. 'We don’t see a single matter that requires NATO’s attention' in the Arctic, Foreign Minister Sergey V. Lavrov of Russia said at the same event. In a telephone interview, Defense Minister Harjit Sajjan of Canada made clear that the alliance had no intention of ceding the icy expanse. 'We want Russia to know what our capabilities are,' Mr. Sajjan said. 'It prevents them from doing more aggressive things.'"

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"Anti-Semitism Is Back, From the Left, Right and Islamist Extremes. Why?"

Der Antisemitismus trete heute in den USA und Europa verstärkt in politischen Bewegungen auf, die sonst kaum etwas gemeinsam haben, stellt Patrick Kingsley ernüchtert fest. "The accumulated incidents in Europe and the United States have highlighted how an ancient prejudice is surging in the 21st century in both familiar and mutant ways, fusing ideologies that otherwise would have little overlap. The spike is taking place in a context of rising global economic uncertainty, an emphasis on race and national identity, and a deepening polarization between the political left and right in Europe and the United States over the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians. 'There’s an ideological pattern that is common,' said Günther Jikeli, an expert on European anti-Semitism at Indiana University. 'The world is seen as in a bad shape, and what hinders it becoming a better place are the Jews.'"

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"Countries Want to Ban ‘Weaponized’ Social Media. What Would That Look Like?"

Seit dem rechtsextremen Anschlag im neuseeländischen Christchurch gibt es neue Forderungen nach einem strikten Verbot von "Hassreden" und Gewaltbildern in sozialen Netzwerken. Damien Cave berichtet, dass in Neuseeland und Australien entsprechende Gesetzesvorlagen geplant werden, die das Internet langfristig prägen könnten. "If the two countries move ahead, it could be a watershed moment for the era of global social media. No established democracies have ever come as close to applying such sweeping restrictions on online communication, and the demand for change has both harnessed and amplified rising global frustration with an industry that is still almost entirely shaped by American law and Silicon Valley’s libertarian norms. (...) There are precedents for the kinds of regulations under consideration. At one end of the spectrum is China, where the world’s most sophisticated system of internet censorship stifles almost all political debate along with hate speech and pornography — but without preventing the rise of homegrown tech companies making sizable profits. No one in Australia or New Zealand is suggesting that should be the model. But the other end of the spectrum — the 24/7 bazaar of instant user-generated content — also looks increasingly unacceptable to people in this part of the world."

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"Russia’s Military Mission Creep Advances to a New Front: Africa"

Russland habe seinen militärischen Einfluss in afrikanischen Ländern in den vergangenen zwei Jahren mit Waffenverkäufen, Sicherheitsabkommen und Ausbildungsprogrammen stetig ausgeweitet, berichtet Eric Schmitt. "Russia, entrenched in Africa during the Cold War’s violent East-West rivalry, largely retreated from the continent after the collapse of the Soviet Union. But in the past two years, Moscow has rekindled relations with Soviet-era clients like Mozambique and Angola, and forged new ties with other countries. President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia will host a summit meeting between Moscow and African countries later this year. Expanding Moscow’s military sway on the continent reflects Mr. Putin’s broader vision of returning Russia to its former glory. But it also illustrates Russia’s opportunistic strategy to carve out logistical and political gains in Africa wherever and whenever it can."

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"Trump Turns U.S. Policy in Central America on Its Head"

US-Präsident Trump hat angekündigt, die amerikanische Unterstützung für Honduras, Guatemala und Mexiko einzustellen, da diese Länder zu wenig täten, um den Strom der Migranten in die USA zu stoppen. Elisabeth Malkin schreibt, dass Trump damit die bisherige US-Politik in Zentralamerika "auf den Kopf gestellt" habe. "Cutting off aid is 'shooting yourself in the foot,' said Adriana Beltrán, the director of citizen security at the Washington Office on Latin America, a human rights research group that tracks aid closely. But the president has become incensed at the growing numbers of families arriving at the southern border asking for asylum. His administration notified Congress late Friday that it intends to reprogram $450 million in aid to Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador and has already sent instructions to embassies in the region. (...) The decision turns American policy in the region on its head. Not only will it cut development and humanitarian assistance, but it will also halt joint law enforcement efforts, such as anti-gang units vetted by the United States, that had been supported by Republicans and the Trump administration until now, said Juan S. Gonzalez, a former deputy assistant secretary of state in the Obama administration."

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