US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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23.09.2018

"'America First' Has Won"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/23/opinion/trump-foreign-policy-america-first.html?emc=edit_th_180924&nl=
todaysheadlines&nlid=201795340924

Der als neokonservativer Vordenker geltende Robert Kagan stellt fest, dass die drei Säulen der Ideologie des US-Präsidenten bereits vor dem politischen Aufstieg Donald Trumps in der US-Bevölkerung immer größere Zustimmung erlangt hätten. "America First" werde die US-Außenpolitik deshalb wohl auch nach dem Abtritt Trumps prägen, so seine Prognose. "President Trump may not enjoy majority support these days, but there’s good reason to believe that his 'America First' approach to the world does. (...) The old consensus about America’s role as upholder of global security has collapsed in both parties. Russia may have committed territorial aggression against Ukraine. But Republican voters follow Mr. Trump in seeking better ties, accepting Moscow’s forcible annexation of Crimea and expanding influence in the Middle East (even if some of the president’s subordinates do not). They applaud Mr. Trump for seeking a dubious deal with North Korea just as they once condemned Democratic presidents for doing the same thing. They favor a trade war with China but have not consistently favored military spending increases to deter a real war. Democrats might seem to be rallying behind the liberal order, but much of this is just opposition to Mr. Trump’s denigration of it. Are today’s rank-and-file Democrats really more committed to defending allies and deterring challengers to the liberal world order? (...) what we’re seeing today is not a spasm but a new direction in American foreign policy, or rather a return to older traditions — the kind that kept us on the sidelines while fascism and militarism almost conquered the world."

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21.09.2018

"The Death Toll for Afghan Forces Is Secret. Here’s Why."

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/21/world/asia/afghanistan-security-casualties-taliban.html?emc=edit_th_18
0922&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=201795340922

Die afghanischen Regierungstruppen haben in den Kämpfen gegen die Taliban zuletzt schwere Niederlagen erlitten. Rod Nordland berichtet, dass die Verluste nicht mehr durch neue Rekruten aufgefangen werden können und die Taliban in diesem "Abnutzungskrieg" langsam die Oberhand gewinnen "The growing losses have made recruiting fresh soldiers more important than ever, but also harder than ever. Most days at the Afghan Army’s recruitment center in Helmand, the southern province that has seen the war’s worst fighting, there are only two or three applicants, said Abdul Qudous, the center’s head. 'Sometimes we don’t see any recruits for weeks,' he said. 'People don’t want to join the army any more because the casualties are too high.' This is not just a matter of lives lost, which reverberate through families already traumatized by decades of war. It is also a sign that the stalemate between the Taliban and government forces is tipping in the insurgents’ favor. (...) In a war of attrition, the momentum is all with the Taliban, who seem to have no trouble replenishing their forces."

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19.09.2018

"North Korea’s New Nuclear Promises Fall Short of U.S. Demands"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/19/world/asia/north-south-korea-nuclear-weapons.html?emc=edit_th_180920&n
l=todaysheadlines&nlid=201795340920

Choe Sang-Hun und David E. Sanger machen dagegen darauf aufmerksam, dass das jüngste Angebot Nordkoreas nur den Abbau einer Atomanlage und nicht die von den USA geforderte Denuklearisierung umfasse. Viele Experten blieben deshalb skeptisch. "The offers Mr. Kim made on Wednesday — as well as actions he has already taken, such as a moratorium on nuclear and missile tests and the destruction of the North’s underground nuclear test site — indicated that he was willing to partly curtail his ability to produce more nuclear warheads and ICBMs. But the offers say little about his existing arsenal. Mr. Kim’s ultimate goal, analysts say, is to make the Trump administration complacent enough to ease sanctions in return for a freeze — not dismantlement — of North Korea’s nuclear weapons programs. 'No matter how hard I look, I can find no real progress in denuclearization in today’s announcements,' said Cheon Seong-whun, an analyst at the Asan Institute for Policy Studies in Seoul."

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18.09.2018

"Colombia Struck a Peace Deal With Guerrillas, but Many Return to Arms"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/18/world/americas/colombia-farc-peace.html?action=click&module=In%20Other
%20News&pgtype=Homepage&action=click&module=News&pgtype=Homepage

Viele frühere Kämpfer der FARC-Guerilla haben seit dem Abschluss des Friedensabkommens Probleme bei ihrer Integration in das zivile Leben, berichten Nicholas Casey und Federico Rios Escobar. Einige hätten erneut zu den Waffen gegriffen und sich neuen Guerilla-Gruppen angeschlossen. "These dissident guerrillas invited The New York Times to their camp, hidden among mountains north of Medellín, to tell the story of why they abandoned the peace deal. But well before the visit, the agreement was already fraying. The government, which had promised to sweep into rebel lands behind the FARC, bringing health and education services and potable water, is barely seen in much of the country. President Iván Duque of Colombia campaigned against the accords and now says he will revise them. One of the FARC peace negotiators was arrested for trafficking 10 tons of cocaine this year — while preparing to take a senate seat. And then there are groups like the one The Times visited, which present a particularly grave threat to the accords. There can be no peace in Colombia if the rebels rearm."

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09.09.2018

"C.I.A. Drone Mission, Curtailed by Obama, Is Expanded in Africa Under Trump"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/09/world/africa/cia-drones-africa-military.html

Das Drohnenprogramm der CIA in Afrika, das von US-Präsident Obama eingeschränkt wurde, ist von Amtsnachfolger Trump wieder deutlich ausgeweitet worden, berichtet die New York Times. Das bislang geheime Drehkreuz der CIA-Drohnen sei in Niger errichtet worden. "Late in his presidency, Barack Obama sought to put the military in charge of drone attacks after a backlash arose over a series of highly visible strikes, some of which killed civilians. The move was intended, in part, to bring greater transparency to attacks that the United States often refused to acknowledge its role in. But now the C.I.A. is broadening its drone operations, moving aircraft to northeastern Niger to hunt Islamist militants in southern Libya. The expansion adds to the agency’s limited covert missions in eastern Afghanistan for strikes in Pakistan, and in southern Saudi Arabia for attacks in Yemen."

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31.08.2018

"Iraq’s Forgotten Casualties: Children Orphaned in Battle With ISIS"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/31/world/middleeast/iraq-orphans-isis.html?emc=edit_th_180901&nl=todayshe
adlines&nlid=201795340901

Margaret Coker zufolge hat der Krieg gegen den "Islamischen Staat" in Irak zehntausende Kinder zu Waisen gemacht. "(...) unlike the government soldiers who fought those battles, who are honored with memorials in almost every town, these children are at risk of being forgotten casualties of the war. The Iraqi state has few resources for these victims, and the country’s ravaged communities, still scrambling to rebuild basic services like health care and electricity, are too overwhelmed to handle the orphans’ needs. (...) Social workers say (...) that 20,000 would be a conservative estimate for the total. The number includes children who have lost just one parent, who Iraqis also classify as orphans because single parents in this culture cannot simultaneously serve as breadwinner and caregiver. Most of these children have since been placed with their extended families."

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29.08.2018

"With Ships and Missiles, China Is Ready to Challenge U.S. Navy in Pacific"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/29/world/asia/china-navy-aircraft-carrier-pacific.html?emc=edit_th_180829
&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=201795340829

China hat Steven Lee Myers zufolge mittlerweile die weltweit größte Kriegsmarine. Das militärische Gleichgewicht in der Pazifik-Region habe sich damit erheblich verschoben. "To prevail in these waters, according to officials and analysts who scrutinize Chinese military developments, China does not need a military that can defeat the United States outright but merely one that can make intervention in the region too costly for Washington to contemplate. Many analysts say Beijing has already achieved that goal. (...) Last year, the Chinese Navy became the world’s largest, with more warships and submarines than the United States, and it continues to build new ships at a stunning rate. Though the American fleet remains superior qualitatively, it is spread much thinner."

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25.08.2018

"Europe Benefits by Bankrolling an Anti-Migrant Effort. Niger Pays a Price."

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/25/world/africa/niger-migration-crisis.html?emc=edit_th_180826&nl=todaysh
eadlines&nlid=201795340826

Zahlungen aus der EU haben Niger Joe Penney zufolge veranlasst, die Zahl der Migranten, die das Land als Zwischenstation auf ihrem Weg nach Europa nutzen, drastisch zu reduzieren. Dies habe jedoch der Wirtschaft geschadet und Sicherheitsbedenken hervorgerufen. "At the peak in 2015, there were 5,000 to 7,000 migrants a week traveling through Niger to Libya. The criminalization of smuggling has reduced those numbers to about 1,000 people a week now, according to I.O.M. figures. At the same time, more migrants are leaving Libya, fleeing the rampant insecurity and racist violence targeting sub-Saharan Africans there. As a result, the overall flow of people has now gone into a notable reverse: For the last two years, more African migrants have been leaving Libya to return to their homelands than entering the country from Niger, according to the I.O.M. (...) But the country’s achievement has also come with considerable costs, including on those migrants still determined to make it to Libya, who take more risks than ever before. (...) The crackdown on human smuggling has also been accompanied by economic decline and security concerns for Niger. The government’s closure of migrant routes has caused an increase in unemployment and an uptick in other criminal activity like drug smuggling and robbery, according to a Niger military intelligence document."

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25.08.2018

"Is China Undermining Efforts to Disarm North Korea? Not Yet, Analysts Say"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/25/world/asia/china-north-korea-sanctions.html?emc=edit_th_180826&nl=toda
ysheadlines&nlid=201795340826

US-Präsident Trump hat China vorgeworfen, die Verhandlungen zur Denuklearisierung Nordkoreas zu unterlaufen. Experten in China halten diese Anschuldigung Jane Perlez zufolge bisher für unbegründet. Sollte sich der Handelskrieg mit den USA weiter verschärfen, könne sich Pekings Nordkorea-Strategie allerdings tatsächlich ändern. "'There is no evidence that China is ceasing to cooperate with the United States on nuclear and missile issues,' said Cheng Xiaohe, a North Korea expert at Renmin University in Beijing. 'Trump made a wild guess from his perspective that because of the trade war, China won’t help with the nuclear issues.' Still, he said, the intensity of the trade war with the United States, along with the increasing likelihood that it will become a protracted standoff, has led China to be more passive about assisting Mr. Trump on North Korea. 'China is in a wait-and-see mode,' Mr. Cheng said. 'It depends on how the United States trade war goes.'"

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19.08.2018

"As Taliban Start Charm Offensive, Afghan President Calls for Cease-Fire"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/19/world/asia/taliban-afghanistan.html?emc=edit_th_180820&nl=todaysheadli
nes&nlid=201795340820

Die Taliban begleiten ihrer Vorstöße im Norden des Landes Rod Nordland und Fahim Abed zufolge mit einer "Charme-Offensive". "(...) the group has been actively seeking for weeks to court Afghan civilians, promising last month to halt suicide bombings in civilian areas, and announcing on Twitter and other social networks that those who surrendered would not be harmed. The moves left many in the country expressing hope that the Taliban and the government would join a cease-fire and hold peace talks. On Sunday, the government made the first move. President Ashraf Ghani of Afghanistan proposed a conditional cease-fire with the Taliban, extending a trust-building measure to the insurgents before Eid al-Adha."

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15.08.2018

"'There Are No Girls Left': Syria’s Christian Villages Hollowed Out by ISIS"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/15/world/middleeast/syria-isis-assyrian-christians.html?emc=edit_th_18081
6&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=201795340816

Christliche Gemeinden in Syrien haben unter der Herrschaft des "Islamischen Staates" besonders gelitten. Auch nach der Rückkehr in ihre befreiten Gemeinden seien die Folgen der Terrorherrschaft allgegenwärtig, berichtet Ben Hubbard. "The number of Christians across the Middle East has been declining for decades as persecution and poverty have led to widespread migration. The Islamic State, also known as ISIS, considered Christians infidels and forced them to pay special taxes, accelerating the trend in Syria and Iraq. In this area of Syria, the exodus has been swift. Some 10,000 Assyrian Christians lived in more than 30 villages here before the war began in 2011, and there were more than two dozen churches. Now, about 900 people remain and only one church holds regular services, said Shlimon Barcham, a local official with the Assyrian Church of the East."

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12.08.2018

"The Iraqi Spy Who Infiltrated ISIS"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/12/world/middleeast/iraqi-spy-isis.html?emc=edit_th_180813&nl=todaysheadl
ines&nlid=201795340813

Margaret Coker stellt in dieser Reportage einen Mitarbeiter des irakischen Geheimdienstes vor, der den "Islamischen Staat" 16 Monate lang infiltriert und in dieser Zeit 30 Autobombenanschläge und 18 Selbstmordattacken verhindert habe. "A 36-year-old former computer tech, he was, agency officials said, perhaps Iraq’s greatest spy, one of a few in the world to have infiltrated the upper reaches of the Islamic State. (...) Iraq’s counterterrorism intelligence unit, the Falcon Intelligence Cell, may be the most important organization on the front lines of the war on terrorism that almost no one has heard of. This article is based on interviews with the director of the agency, members of Captain Sudani’s unit and its commander, his friends and family members, and a review of transcripts and video of operations, and text messages to and from Captain Sudani. Little known outside of the highest levels of Iraqi and allied intelligence agencies, the Falcons have placed a handful of spies inside the ranks of the Islamic State. Its intelligence helped oust the extremists from their last urban strongholds last year and it now aids the hunt for the group’s leaders, like Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi."

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06.08.2018

"A Top Syrian Rocket Scientist Is Blown Up, and Fingers Point at Mossad"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/06/world/middleeast/syrian-rocket-scientist-mossad-assassination.html?hp&
action=click&pgtype=Homepage&clickSource=story-heading&module=first-column-region®ion=top-news&WT.nav=
top-news

Die New York Times hat nach dem Attentat auf einen syrischen Raketenwissenschaftler mit anonym bleibenden Experten gesprochen, die den israelischen Geheimdienst Mossad verantwortlich machen. "It was at least the fourth assassination mission by Israel in three years against an enemy weapons engineer on foreign soil, a senior official from a Middle Eastern intelligence agency confirmed on Monday. The following account is based on information provided by the official, whose agency was informed about the operation. He spoke only on the condition of anonymity to discuss a highly classified operation. (...) An official from Syria and Iran’s alliance, speaking on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to talk to Western journalists, said he believed Israel had wanted to kill Mr. Asbar because of the prominent role he played in Syria’s missile program even before the current conflict broke out in 2011."

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01.08.2018

"Taliban Surge Routs ISIS in Northern Afghanistan"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/01/world/asia/afghanistan-taliban-isis.html

Die Taliban haben dem "Islamischen Staat" im Norden Afghanistans offenbar eine schwere Niederlage zugefügt. Najim Rahim und Rod Nordland berichten, dass sich über 200 IS-Kämpfer den afghanischen Regierungstruppen ergeben hätten, um den Taliban zu entgehen. "The spokesman for Afghanistan’s commando forces, Maj. Ahmad Jawid Salim, said in a post on his Facebook page that the surrenders marked the end of the Islamic State in northern Afghanistan. 'After the surrender of more than 200 Daeshis in Darzab District last night, the Daeshis have been wiped out of the north,' he said, using an alternative name for Islamic State members. (...) The Taliban and the Islamic State are bitter enemies in Afghanistan, attacking each other wherever they can. The Islamic State’s main concentration is in the south of Nangarhar Province, in eastern Afghanistan, but they had another major group in the northern province of Jowzjan, particularly in Darzab, the district that was Mr. Nemat’s stronghold."

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01.08.2018

"Kashmir’s War Gets Smaller, Dirtier and More Intimate"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/01/world/asia/kashmir-war-india-pakistan.html?emc=edit_th_180802&nl=today
sheadlines&nlid=201795340802

Der Konflikt in Kaschmir, der die beiden Atommächte Indien und Pakistan in der Vergangenheit immer wieder an den Rand eines gefährlichen Kriegs gebracht habe, sei zu einer überwiegend lokalen Angelegenheit geworden, schreibt Jeffrey Gettleman in seiner Reportage. "Kashmir’s war, a territorial dispute between India and neighboring Pakistan, has smoldered for decades. Now it is collapsing into itself. The violence is becoming smaller, more intimate and harder to escape. Years ago, Pakistan pushed thousands of militants across the border as a proxy army to wreak havoc in the Indian-controlled parts of Kashmir. Now, the resistance inside the Indian areas is overwhelmingly homegrown. The conflict today is probably driven less by geopolitics than by internal Indian politics, which have increasingly taken an anti-Muslim direction. Most of the fighters are young men like Sameer Tiger from quiet brick-walled villages like Qasbayar, who draw support from a population deeply resentful of India’s governing party and years of occupation."

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18.07.2018

"As ISIS Fighters Fill Prisons in Syria, Their Home Nations Look Away"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/18/world/middleeast/islamic-state-detainees-syria-prisons.html?emc=edit_t
h_180719&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=201795340719

Charlie Savage hat Gefängnisse der kurdischen SDF-Miliz in Syrien besucht, in denen mutmaßliche Mitglieder des "Islamischen Staates" aus fast 50 Ländern festgehalten werden. Viele Regierungen sträubten sich, die Gefangenen in ihre Heimatländer zurückzuführen. Zugleich sei klar, dass die SDF die Gefängnisse nicht dauerhaft betreiben wird. "Two Kobane prisoners captured by the S.D.F. further underscore the dilemma. The men, El Shafee Elsheikh and Alexanda Kotey, are likely half of an ISIS cell that held and abused Western hostages, who called them 'the Beatles' for their British accents; some victims, including Americans, were murdered in gruesome propaganda videos. Britain stripped their citizenship and refused to take custody. The Trump administration is debating whether the United States should prosecute them — or take them to Guantánamo. (...) Trump administration officials have been searching for candidates to become its first new detainee since 2008. And [Senator Lindsey Graham], a proponent of holding terrorism suspects in wartime detention — for interrogations without defense lawyers, and in case someone dangerous can’t be prosecuted — sees the two detainees as an opportunity to reopen Guantánamo for new business."

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14.07.2018

"Trump Opens His Arms to Russia. His Administration Closes Its Fist."

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/14/us/politics/trump-russia-putin.html?emc=edit_th_180715&nl=todaysheadli
nes&nlid=201795340715

US-Präsident Trump stehe mit seiner konzilianten Haltung gegenüber Präsident Putin auch in der eigenen Regierung allein, stellen Mark Landler und Julie Hirschfeld Davis fest. "Whether it is Russia’s interference in the election, its annexation of Crimea or its intervention in Syria, Mr. Trump’s statements either undercut, or flatly contradict, those of his lieutenants. The disconnect is so profound that it often seems Mr. Trump is pursuing one Russia policy, set on ushering in a gauzy new era of cooperation with Mr. Putin, while the rest of his administration is pursuing another, set on countering a revanchist power that the White House has labeled one of the greatest threats to American security and prosperity."

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04.07.2018

"Wives and Children of ISIS Are Warehoused in Syria, Unwanted Back Home"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/04/world/middleeast/islamic-state-families-syria.html?emc=edit_th_180705&
nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=201795340705

Im Nordosten Syriens werden Ben Hubbard zufolge mehr als 2.000 ausländische Frauen und Kinder von getöteten IS-Kämpfern in einem kurdischen Lager festgehalten. "They were captured last year and have been held ever since in this dusty, sweltering detention camp in northeastern Syria. They are among the more than 2,000 foreign women and children being held in such camps, trapped in a legal and political limbo with no foreseeable way out. Their home countries do not want them back, fearing they could spread radical Islamist ideology. The Kurdish authorities that administer this stateless war zone do not want them either, and say it is not their job to indefinitely detain citizens of other countries. (...) The absence of any plan to deal with the detainees is part of the wider disorder in the lands liberated from the jihadists. In Iraq, many of the women who once lived among them face swift trials and death sentences on charges of supporting the Islamic State."

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01.07.2018

"The Case of the Purloined Poultry: How ISIS Prosecuted Petty Crime"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/01/world/middleeast/islamic-state-iraq.html?emc=edit_th_180702&nl=todaysh
eadlines&nlid=201795340702

Die New York Times ist an fast 400 IS-Dokumente gelangt, die einen Eindruck vom Umgang der Terrormiliz mit Rechtsverstößen und kleineren Vergehen in den von ihr lange Zeit besetzten Städten vermitteln. "In a terrorist version of the 'broken window' school of policing, the Islamic State aggressively prosecuted minor crimes in the communities it took over, winning points with residents who were used to having to pay bribes to secure police help. Nearly 400 records and investigation files abandoned in one Islamic State police station and provided to The New York Times suggest that local residents turned to the group for help with the most minor problems."

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25.06.2018

"How China Got Sri Lanka to Cough Up a Port"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/25/world/asia/china-sri-lanka-port.html?emc=edit_th_180626&nl=todaysheadl
ines&nlid=201795340626

China hat Sri Lanka im Rahmen seines Seidenstraßenprojekts jahrelang bereitwillig Kredite für den Bau eines Hafens gewährt, der sich nun als völlig unwirtschaftlich herausgestellt hat. Maria Abi-Habib berichtet, dass die hoch verschuldete Regierung Sri Lankas den Hafen nun an China übertragen musste. "Under heavy pressure and after months of negotiations with the Chinese, the government handed over the port and 15,000 acres of land around it for 99 years in December. The transfer gave China control of territory just a few hundred miles off the shores of a rival, India, and a strategic foothold along a critical commercial and military waterway. The case is one of the most vivid examples of China’s ambitious use of loans and aid to gain influence around the world — and of its willingness to play hardball to collect."

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25.06.2018

"One Chlorine Bomb, Dozens Killed in Syria: How Assad Gassed His Own People"

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/06/25/world/middleeast/syria-chemical-attack-douma.html

Die New York Times präsentiert in dieser interaktiven Online-Reportage Informationen, die den Autoren zufolge bestätigen, dass es am 7. April im syrischen Douma in der Nähe von Damaskus tatsächlich zu einem Giftgaseinsatz syrischer Regierungstruppen gegen Rebellen und Zivilisten gekommen sei. Das Journalistenteam hat die zur Verfügung stehenden öffentlichen Daten zu dem Vorfall akribisch aufgearbeitet und in einer sehenswerten Rekonstruktion des Vorfalls Beweise für einen tatsächlichen Angriff mit Chlorgas präsentiert. "On April 7, a chemical bomb was dropped onto the balcony of a multistory building in Douma, a neighborhood near Damascus, Syria. At least 34 people were killed. The United States and its European allies blamed Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and launched airstrikes to punish him. Syrian officials still deny that bombing took place, and their Russian allies said that the attack was staged. The investigation uncovered many pieces of evidence that contradict Mr. Assad and his allies. Here are some of the things we found".

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12.06.2018

"Trump and Kim Have Just Walked Us Back From the Brink of War"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/12/opinion/trump-kim-north-korea-summit.html

Victor Cha, Nordkorea-Berater des früheren US-Präsidenten George W. Bush, meint, dass das Gipfeltreffen in Singapur angesichts des noch vor wenigen Monaten drohenden Kriegs auf der koreanischen Halbinsel als Erfolg gewertet werden müsse. Die Vereinbarung zwischen Donald Trump und Kim Jong-un lasse viel zu wünschen übrig, allerdings gebe es in der Nordkorea-Diplomatie in der Regel auch sonst nur schlechte und noch schlechtere Optionen. "(...) despite its many flaws, the Singapore summit represents the start of a diplomatic process that takes us away from the brink of war. North Korea will not be testing any more missiles or nuclear bombs while the diplomacy continues, and the talks led by Mr. Pompeo will hopefully make progress toward stopping the world’s worst runaway nuclear program. (...) a more conventional president might not have broken the mold by addressing the problem with a direct meeting with the Korean dictator. Mr. Trump’s unconventional approach leaves a lot to be desired in the foreign policy of the United States, but there was no other path to this less-than-satisfying but digestible outcome."

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11.06.2018

"Donald Trump Is Not Playing by Your Rules"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/11/opinion/g7-trump-north-korea-kim-jong-un-foreign-policy.html

David Brooks betrachtet den G7-Gipfel in Quebec im Rückblick als historischen Moment, der nicht unbedingt das Ende der westlichen Allianz, aber sicherlich den voranschreitenden Kollaps der Nachkriegsordnung ins Rampenlicht gerückt habe. "The postwar order was a great historic achievement. The founding generation built a series of organizations and alliances to fight communism, create a stable trading system, combat global poverty and promote democracy. But the next generation lost the thread. European elites were so afraid of nationalism that they fell for the illusory dream of convergence — the dream that nations could effortlessly merge into a cosmopolitan Pan-European community. Conservatives across the Western world became so besotted with the power of the market that they forgot what capitalism is like when it’s not balanced by strong communities. Progressives were so besotted with their own educated-class expertise that they concentrated power upward and away from the people at the same time that technology was pushing power downward and toward the people. Elites of all stripes were so detached they didn’t see how untrammeled meritocracy divides societies between the 'fittest' and the rest. Those who lost faith in this order began to elect wolves in order to destroy it. The wolves — whether Donald Trump, Vladimir Putin, Viktor Orban, Rodrigo Duterte, Recep Tayyip Erdogan or any of the others — don’t so much have shared ideology as a shared mentality."

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11.06.2018

"The Nine Steps Required to Really Disarm North Korea"

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/06/11/world/asia/north-korea-nuclear-weapons-talks.html?emc=edit
_th_180612&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=201795340612

Die New York Times erklärt in diesem interaktiven Übersichtsartikel, warum ein international kontrollierter Abbau des nordkoreanischen Atomwaffenprogramms die bisher schwierigste Herausforderung dieser Art wäre. "The vast scope of North Korea’s atomic program means ending it would be the most challenging case of nuclear disarmament in history. Here’s what has to be done to achieve — and verify — the removal of the nuclear arms, the dismantlement of the atomic complex and the elimination of the North’s other weapons of mass destruction."

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10.06.2018

"Before Kim Meets Trump, China Gets Jittery About North Korea’s Intentions"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/10/world/asia/trump-kim-korea-china.html

China werde das Gipfeltreffen Donald Trumps mit Kim Jong-un nicht ohne Sorge verfolgen, schreibt Jane Perlez. Einige Beobachter in Peking fürchten demnach, dass sich Nordkorea nach einer erfolgreichen Einigung mit den USA aus dem chinesischen Orbit lösen könnte. "Leaders in Beijing are worried, experts say, that Mr. Kim might try to counterbalance China’s influence by embracing the United States, North Korea’s longtime enemy. According to analysts, Mr. Kim may seek to do this by offering Mr. Trump some sort of deal, which would probably include some pledge to scrap his nuclear arsenal in exchange for American help to reduce or even eliminate North Korea’s near total dependence on China. 'If you look at history, North Korea is not sure of China, and has a kind of revenge mentality,' said Shen Zhihua, a prominent Chinese historian on North Korea. 'The worst outcome is that the United States, South Korea and North Korea all get together and China gets knocked out.'"

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01.06.2018

"For Europe, an Unpleasant Question: Confront Trump or Avoid a Costly Trade War"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/01/business/europe-trump-trade-war.html?emc=edit_th_180602&nl=todaysheadl
ines&nlid=201795340602

Die EU stehe nach der Verhängung von US-Strafzöllen vor der Wahl, sich Präsident Trump entschlossen entgegenzustellen oder nachzugeben, um einen teuren Handelskrieg zu vermeiden, schreibt Peter S. Goodman. Angesichts der internen Konflikte in der EU bezweifeln viele Experten allerdings, dass die Europäer den Kampf aufnehmen werden. "Many trade experts assume Europe will be forced to cede ground, further opening its markets to American exports to gain relief from Mr. Trump’s tariffs. 'The U.S. is more powerful than the E.U., and the E.U. is facing many challenges,' said Kjersti Haugland, chief economist at DNB Markets, an investment bank in Norway. 'I don’t think they will be strong enough to rally against this. They are not willing to pay the price.' France is especially inclined to punish the United States, viewing Mr. Trump’s justification of the tariffs on national security grounds as an affront to the concept of rules-based international trade, as overseen by the World Trade Organization. Germany — the bloc’s largest economic power — is reluctant to escalate the conflict, lest tit-for-tat tariffs jeopardize its lucrative exports of automobiles and other industrial goods to American shores."

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30.05.2018

"Battle to Stamp Out ISIS in Syria Gains New Momentum, but Threats Remain"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/30/world/middleeast/isis-syria-battle-kurds-united-states.html?emc=edit_t
h_180531&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=201795340531

Die Rückkehr erfahrener kurdischer Offizier an die Frontlinien, die Entsendung zusätzlicher französischer Spezialeinheiten und eine verstärkte Luftunterstützung durch Kampfflugzeugen der US-Navy hätten der von den USA unterstützten Kampagne zur Zerschlagung des "Islamischen Staates" in Syrien neues Leben eingehaucht, schreibt Eric Schmitt. "But the campaign may have only little more than six months to hunt down the few hundred fighters — not enough time to extinguish a threat that is quickly moving underground. The new momentum remains imperiled by President Trump’s on-again, off-again threat to withdraw some 2,000 American troops in Syria, including hundreds of Special Operations advisers and commandos. (...) Even if the last militant holdouts are captured or killed, American officials and analysts acknowledged that a plan to ensure security and stability in the region remains elusive. 'What is the U.S.’s political approach in eastern Syria, including around the Middle Euphrates River Valley? Who will govern these areas?' said [Seth G. Jones, the director of the Transnational Threats Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington]."

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22.05.2018

"Trump Backs Away From Demand for Immediate North Korean Denuclearization"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/22/world/asia/trump-korea-summit.html?emc=edit_th_180523&nl=todaysheadlin
es&nlid=201795340523

Weicht US-Präsident Trump vor dem geplanten Gipfeltreffen mit Kim Jong-un von seiner Maximalforderung einer sofortigen Denuklearisierung Nordkoreas ab? Die New York Times berichtet, dass Trump einen stufenweisen Abbau des nordkoreanischen Atomwaffenprogramms offenbar nicht mehr kategorisch ausschließt. "The president’s hint of flexibility came after North Korea declared last week that it would never agree to unilaterally surrender its weapons, even threatening to cancel the much-anticipated summit meeting between Mr. Kim and Mr. Trump scheduled for next month in Singapore. Mr. Trump’s statement seemed less a policy shift than an effort to preserve his date with Mr. Kim. But while the gesture may avoid a swift rejection by Mr. Kim, it shows that Mr. Trump is willing to give up what for months has been his bedrock position in dealing with the North. And it demonstrates that three weeks before the June 12 meeting, the White House is still groping for a strategy to negotiate with a reclusive, suspicious nuclear-weapons state."

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15.05.2018

"A Hope 'Each Bullet Was Justified': Israelis Reflect on Gaza Deaths"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/15/world/middleeast/israelis-gaza-protests.html?emc=edit_th_180516&nl=tod
aysheadlines&nlid=201795340516

Viele Israelis rechtfertigen den Tod von 60 zumeist unbewaffneten Palästinensern an der Grenze zu Gaza, berichten Isabel Kershner und David M. Halbfinger aus dem Kibbuz Nahal Oz. "The short-story and screenwriter Etgar Keret, who clicked compulsively on a news site watching in horror as the death toll climbed, said he was taken aback by the responses of his Tel Aviv neighbors when he observed, simply, 'What a day.' Some enthusiastically agreed, assuming he meant the new American Embassy, he said. Others nodded, expressing pride in Israel’s winner of the Eurovision Song Contest. 'I was sure every person I’d meet would have a comment on Gaza, but most of them wanted to talk about Ivanka’s dress,' Mr. Keret said. 'I couldn’t help thinking it was some kind of suppression. Because, what can you say?' It was the lack of empathy he had discerned in some of his neighbors that got to him. (...) Few mainstream Israelis questioned the motives or professionalism of the soldiers charged with protecting the Gaza fence and nearby communities, with deadly force if necessary. Eran Lerman, a former deputy national security adviser who now helps run a conservative think tank in Jerusalem, said no Israelis believed that their army was callous about the loss of life. 'The only possible conclusion is they were left with very little choice,' he said."

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14.05.2018

"Sergei Skripal Was Retired, but Still in the Spy Game. Is That Why He Was Poisoned?"

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/14/world/europe/sergei-skripal-spying-russia-poisoning.html?emc=edit_th_1
80515&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=201795340515

Im Fall des am 4. März vergifteten Sergei Skripal spekulieren Michael Schwirtz und Ellen Barry, dass die laufenden Kontakte des Ex-Spions im Ruhestand zu westlichen Geheimdiensten zu dem Angriff geführt haben könnten. "He met with Czech intelligence officials on several occasions and visited Estonia in 2016 to meet with local spies. Such visits were neither illegal nor unusual for defectors. But they meant that Mr. Skripal was meeting with intelligence officers working to thwart Russian operations in Europe, opening the possibility that his poisoning was a narrower act of retribution. (...) The Kremlin would probably not consider sharing outdated information with foreign intelligence services to be much of a threat, said Mr. Sipher, the retired C.I.A. officer. But it would be a different matter if Mr. Skripal was being used for other purposes, like recruiting new Russian agents. 'If he was pitching other Russians, that would put him higher on the list,' Mr. Sipher said. 'Or if he got too close to something that was really sensitive to the Russians.'"

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