US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

European Council on Foreign Relations


»http://www.ecfr.eu«

suche-links1 2 3 4suche-rechts

11.10.2018

"Russia, Ukraine, and the battle for religion"

https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_orthodox_redox_russia_ukraine_and_the_battle_for_religion

Der Konflikt zwischen Russland und der Ukraine hat sich nun auch auf die Religion ausgeweitet. Andrew Wilson berichtet, dass die orthodoxe Kirche der Ukraine auf einer Bischofskonferenz Schritte unternommen habe, um sich von der russisch-orthodoxen Kirche abzuspalten. "This is an event of potentially huge historical importance. It will add religion to language, war, and patriotism as factors consolidating Ukrainian national identity since 2014. Poroshenko thinks it will help sway his re-election in 2019. More than 12,000 of the Russian church’s almost 35,000 parishes are in Ukraine, and losing even a small number of these would be a terrific blow to Russia and to Vladimir Putin’s concept of a 'Russian world'. So catastrophic, in fact, that the Russian church is hardly likely to acquiesce quietly in the loss."

Mehr lesen


04.10.2018

"Berlin’s untenable foreign-policy strategic vacuum"

https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_berlins_untenable_foreign_policy_strategic_vacuum

Josef Janning hält die deutsche Debatte über außenpolitische Strategien angesichts der Umbrüche in Europa und im internationalen System für "trivial". "Firstly, the European Union, though a principal framework of German policy, is more politically fragmented than ever, and lacks a stable centre. (...) Secondly, great power politics is transforming the multilateral system. (...) Thirdly, Europe’s and thus Germany’s neighbourhood has lost the fragile stability it once had. (...) The German strategic debate has yet to adapt to any of these challenges. Admittedly, neither Germany nor Europe has broken down under the pressure. But to take this as a guarantee for the future would be utterly naïve."

Mehr lesen


02.10.2018

"Strait to war? Russia and Ukraine clash in the Sea of Azov"

https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_strait_to_war_russia_and_ukraine_clash_in_the_sea_of_azov

Andrew Wilson warnt, dass der Konflikt im Osten der Ukraine nicht an Land, sondern auf See neu eskalieren könnte. "The Sea of Azov plays host to the key Donbas ports of Mariupol and Berdiansk. Mariupol itself is indeed known across the world: Russian-backed forces seized it in bitter fighting in 2014, but later relinquished it. Mariupol has since become a symbol of Ukrainian resistance. But Russia is now increasingly militarising the Sea of Azov in a series of moves that could have implications not only for maritime trade and supplies into Ukraine, but also for the ongoing land war in eastern Ukraine. The UN may soon need to take steps to stabilise the region."

Mehr lesen


21.09.2018

"Germany’s defence policy: still living in dreamland"

https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_germanys_defence_policy_still_living_in_dreamland

Nach Ansicht von Ulrike Esther Franke hat Deutschland seinen Platz in der internationalen Gemeinschaft aus sicherheitspolitischer Perspektive immer noch nicht gefunden. "Seventy-three years after the end of the second world war, and twenty-eight years after German reunification, it remains unclear what role Germany wants to and can play internationally. (...) International observers may not realise that in Germany, a self-congratulatory mood suffuses the air whenever discussion arises about the country’s role in European security and defence. The official German narrative, which is widely believed in government ministries (or at least propagated by them), is that ever since the Kosovo war in the late 1990s, Germany has been slowly but steadily emerging as an engaged and reliable actor on the international scene. (...) Even as a German I have been surprised by this narrative’s prevalence. Because outside Germany, observers are considerably less convinced. In fact, there is more than enough disappointment to go around, and the story told sounds quite different."

Mehr lesen


25.07.2018

"Mad maximalism: The fight to dislodge Iran from Syria"

https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_mad_maximalism_dislodghing_iran_from_syria?utm_content=buffera98eb
&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer

Die US-Regierung und ihre Verbündeten im Nahen Osten verfolgten im syrischen Krieg mittlerweile das vorrangige Ziel, den Iran aus dem Land zu vertreiben, schreibt Julien Barnes-Dacey. Die "maximalistische" Forderung eines kompletten Abzugs dürfte seiner Ansicht nach jedoch auf ebenso harten Widerstand stoßen und könnte den Konflikt ausweiten. "Averting such escalation now requires some form of implicit accommodation with Iran. Given that perceptions shape reality, Tehran will not budge in Syria so long as its opponents aspire to impose a complete defeat upon it. Despite the growing tensions, this accommodation may still be feasible – so long as expectations are realistically lowered by delinking immediate priorities from the maximalist ambition of a full Iranian withdrawal. For the United States and Israel, core security interests do not require that Syria be cleared of every last Iranian. Instead, they require a way to sufficiently curtail Iran’s presence, particularly along Israel’s immediate border. From its perspective, Tehran might benefit from an arrangement that does not threaten its wider position alongside Assad and that avoids costly escalation."

Mehr lesen


19.07.2018

"Order from chaos: Stabilising Libya the local way"

https://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/order_from_chaos_stabilising_libya_the_local_way

Tarek Megerisi hält die bisherige westliche Strategie des "leichten Fußabdrucks" in Libyen für gescheitert und empfiehlt stattdessen einen Ansatz, der die Kooperation mit lokalen Akteuren in den Vordergrund rückt. "Libya needs a wider stabilisation strategy than is currently in place. This renewed strategy should aim to create a virtuous cycle by locking in gains made in governance and service delivery, enabling economic recovery, and assisting a move towards greater security and more meaningful and effective political processes. The ineffectual GNA and corrupt legacy of the Gaddafi years mean that the best way to achieve this comes from local actors, be they municipalities, state-owned companies, or private sector initiatives. This wider strategy will need to be responsive to the structural economic flaws of the Libyan state which hamper stabilisation and encourage destructive, destabilising politics."

Mehr lesen


09.07.2018

"Trump’s meaningless NATO spending debate"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_trumps_meaningless_nato_spending_debate

Jeremy Shapiro empfiehlt den Europäern, die tatsächliche Bedeutung der NATO-Forderungen von US-Präsident Trump nicht aus den Augen zu verlieren. Trump wolle die Debatte über das Zwei-Prozent-Ziel nutzen, um Handelszugeständnisse der Verbündeten zu erzwingen. "So every time Europeans respond to his repeated blandishments on defence spending with new pledges to pay more, he seems to grow ever more sure that he is on to something and doubles down on his critique. One feels confident at this point that such critiques will persist at least as long as the US trade deficit with Europe. Appeasement of Trump’s bullying is not the right strategy. Of course, Europeans need to get their house in order in defence. But that effort has little to do with symbolic defence spending targets and even less to do with the impossible task of satisfying Trump. Rather, they should focus on creating a truly independent defence capability. That effort probably does involve more spending, but more importantly it means creating a European military capability that can stand on its own. Such a capability will allow the Europeans to negotiate with Trump, and future American presidents, from a position of equality."

Mehr lesen


20.06.2018

"The Trump opportunity: Chinese perceptions of the US administration"

http://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/China_analysis_trump_opportunity_chinese_perceptions_us_administr
ation262

Fünf Asienexperten haben sich für den European Council on Foreign Relations mit der chinesischen Perspektive auf die Präsidentschaft Donald Trumps beschäftigt. François Godement schreibt in seiner Einleitung, dass chinesische Politiker und Experten im Gegensatz zur überwiegend scharfen Kritik an Trump in Europa in relativ moderater Art und Weise über die Politik des US-Präsidenten diskutieren. "Although Chinese America-watchers acknowledge Trump’s narcissistic traits, they also disdain much of the American policy establishment’s analysis of him, seeing it as dead set against his freewheeling, deal-making style. Indeed, one Chinese analyst goes so far as to discuss Trump’s courage and determination, emphasising his policies’ positive effects on the American economy. Of course, this raises questions about whether Chinese experts adopt these positions because they sense opportunities to exploit, or because they take Trump seriously – including the announced backlash against China. Much foreign commentary points to the first interpretation, arguing that Trump’s disregard of the traditional institutions of the Western alliance and attacks against old allies provide too good an opportunity to pass up. However, this edition of China Analysis indicates that the second interpretation is more accurate."

Mehr lesen


24.05.2018

"Can Europe save the world order?"

http://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/can_europe_save_the_world_order

Anthony Dworkin und Mark Leonard erläutern in diesem Papier für den European Council on Foreign Relations, welche Schritte Europa unternehmen müsste, um die regelbasierte liberale Weltordnung zu retten. "The EU can best support the preservation of a rules-based system by promoting an adapted vision of international order that takes account of recent developments and new challenges. The EU should place an updated idea of liberal order at the centre of its Global Strategy, and build the capacity to implement this strategy. In doing so, the EU should follow an approach that aims to reconcile some of the tensions between sovereignty and international order that have become problematic in recent years due to the rise of assertive illiberal powers, inconsistencies in Western practice, and a pervasive belief among Western electorates that globalisation is more a threat than an opportunity."

Mehr lesen


23.05.2018

"Ukrainian elections: Poroshenko and proliferating populists"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_ukrainian_elections_poroshenko_and_proliferating_populists

Andrew Wilson erläutert das politische Umfeld in der Ukraine ein Jahr vor den Parlaments- und Präsidentschaftswahlen. Die frühere Premierministerin Julija Tymoschenko habe sich derzeit als größte Herausforderin von Amtsinhaber Petro Poroschenko positioniert, der in Umfragen nur noch auf dem vierten oder fünften Platz liege. "(...) she has done so by profiting from social and economic problems rather than addressing past faults. Three other populists follow her in the polls. (...) Poroshenko may only need to gain a vote share of between 10 percent and 20 percent in the first round of the election. The final part of his strategy is to face an opponent who can be easily defeated in the second round. As recently as two years ago, Tymoshenko was such a candidate. At the time, most observers believed that her record as prime minister before the 2010 election would limit her vote share. But, if the polls are accurate, Ukrainians seem to have short memories: her stock has continued to rise."

Mehr lesen


10.04.2018

"Alone in the desert? How France can lead Europe in the Middle East"

http://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/alone_in_the_desert_how_france_can_lead_europe_in_the_middle_east

Manuel Lafont Rapnouil mit einer ausführlichen Analyse der französischen Nahostpolitik, mit der Paris seine Rolle als unabhängiger internationaler Machtakteur untermauern wolle. Rapnouil empfiehlt der französischen Führung eine stärkere Einbeziehung der europäischen Partner. "France is seeking to match its ambition to punch above its weight and shape global politics within a more competitive, more fluid, less state-centric, and more fragmented world. Given the centrality of the Middle East as a stage for France and a place of heightened interest for Europe more generally, the region provides a key test case for realising this ambition. Yet any renewed European endeavour by France will succeed only if its fellow EU member states come to terms with the need for Europe to play a growing and more assertive role in the region. (...) Other key European states also need to support a more assertive, more comprehensive and more strategic European policy in the Middle East. These states include Germany, Italy, Spain, and even the UK – in spite of Brexit – as well as other partners that understand the importance of what is at stake in the region, from Sweden to the Netherlands. Germany in particular needs to continue its current evolution toward greater activism in the region, and to recognise that its interests cannot be defined only through commercial ties or refugee containment."

Mehr lesen


25.01.2018

"Three views on Turkey's Syria intervention"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_three_views_on_turkeys_syria_intervention

Die drei Experten Guney Yildiz, Asli Aydıntaşbaş und Julien Barnes-Dacey erläutern, welche Bedeutung die türkische Militäroffensive gegen Kurden für die Konfliktparteien in Syrien hat. Nach Ansicht von Julien Barnes-Dacey wird die türkische Operation die Dynamik des Krieges zumindest aus jetziger Sicht nicht grundsätzlich verändern. "Turkey’s intervention into Afrin adds another messy dimension to the Syrian conflict, not least for the region’s long-suffering civilians. Yet while Turkey’s military push opens up another front - and further consolidates foreign occupation of the country - it will not fundamentally harm Assad’s broader position. Indeed, Turkey’s position enhances Russia’s ability to drive forward a regime-friendly political process. (...) Much now depends on whether or not the Afrin battle is the prelude to a deepening Kurdish-Turkish conflict. This could, like so many other twists and turns in the Syria conflict, still upend everyone’s plans."

Mehr lesen


12.01.2018

"From Iran to North Korea, German policymakers are at a loss"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_from_iran_to_north_korea_german_policymakers_are_at_a_loss_02731

Josef Janning meint, dass sich die traditionelle Strategie der deutschen und europäischen Außenpolitik angesichts der aktuellen Krisen im Nahen Osten und in Nordkorea immer deutlicher als "naiv" herausstellt. "The current crises over Iran and North Korea illustrate this European and German dilemma. Both crises cast doubt on European presumptions. Both could be decided by fire and fury, rather than the usual European gloss of political incentives and economic opportunities. (...) The Europeans now find themselves at a loss in the geopolitical struggle between Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Turkey that emerged from the ruins of Iraq and Syria. This regional cleavage is a new layer under the global power struggle between Russia, the United States, and China. Thus old-fashioned power politics has returned to the 21st century. And Germans, like most of their European partners, have no clue what to do. (...) Since 1949, German policymakers, with their own country’s violent history in mind, have avowed that might does not make right. They have placed all their hopes and bets on the supremacy of international law and cooperation over national interest and naked power. The atavism of today’s crises and rivalries has shown that worldview to be untenable, even naive. Berlin needs a new foreign policy. This time, Europe can’t answer for Germany, but the German answer has to include Europe."

Mehr lesen


05.01.2018

"Ukraine on the brink of kleptocracy"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_ukraine_on_the_brink_of_kleptocracy

Gustav Gressel empfiehlt der EU eine entschlossenere Reaktion auf die Tatsache, dass die Ukraine sich gerade zu einer "quasi-autoritären Kleptokratie" entwickle. Die ukrainischen Eliten nähmen eine "pro-europäische" Pose ein, während sie ihre Interessen unter Mitwirkung von Präsident Poroschenko immer rücksichtsloser umsetzten. "(...) the events of the previous months show that, with the current political class in power, there is no European future for Ukraine. Like in Moldova before, the private enrichment of ostensibly 'pro-European' politicians will only discredit the Union, diminish its influence and derail the reform process within the country. The EU therefore needs to act now if it wants to maintain credibility in the Eastern Neighbourhood. (...) Many Europeans shy away from confronting the Ukrainian leadership this directly as they fear that this would damage Ukraine’s struggle for independence and sovereignty vis a vis Russia. But this hesitation is misplaced. Corruption and sovereignty are distinct issues which must be treated as such.

Mehr lesen


05.01.2018

"EU can go your own way on Iran"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_eu_can_go_your_own_way_on_iran

Ellie Geranmayeh rät der EU dagegen, sich von der "zerstörerischen Diplomatie" Donald Trumps zu distanzieren und an ihrer eigenständigen Iran-Strategie weiter festzuhalten. "Instead of following the Trump approach of labeling Iran’s entire leadership as 'rogue' and 'corrupt', European governments seem to be using diplomatic channels with Iran to get clarity over recent events and to highlight their expectations. (...) In their response to evolving developments in Iran, European actors should continue to focus on measures that can assist, rather than harm, the process of democratic reforms advocated by Iranians inside the country. They should continue to urge the Iranian government to implement the right to peaceful assembly provided in the country’s constitution and call for Rouhani to follow up on his proposal to enlarge avenues for peaceful protests. Second, European leaders should use existing diplomatic channels to directly engage Rouhani. (...) Finally, European governments should reiterate their firm support for the nuclear deal if they want to avert a new crisis. (...) There is now greater space for Iranian internal discourse to highlight mismanagement, corruption, and social injustice, and for Iranians to demand accountability and action from their leadership. Fallout over the nuclear deal would shift Iranian public debate and government priorities back onto foreign rather than domestic policy. This would drastically setback much needed reforms that will ultimately have to come from inside Iran."

Mehr lesen


07.12.2017

"German public says 'jein' to European security"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_german_public_says_jein_to_european_security

Ulrike Esther Franke analysiert die Ergebnisse einer Umfrage der Körber-Stiftung über die Ansichten der deutschen Öffentlichkeit zur Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik. "'Jein' has always been one of my favourite German words. It is a mix of yes (ja) and no (nein), which may sound meaningless, but is often surprisingly useful. For instance, when talking about German attitudes to their country’s foreign and security policy. Each year the German Koerber foundation publishes a poll on the German public’s views on foreign policy. This week the 2017 edition was presented to the public. (...) two broad trends can be observed. 1) Germans are trying to find their way in a post-US Europe (...) 2) Germans care more about security, but don’t understand it (...) Things are changing in German society, and it will fall to the next government to turn the conflicting views into coherent policy. In its subtitle, the Koerber poll ask the question 'Involvement or Restraint?' From reading the report, the German answer is a clear 'jein' to both."

Mehr lesen


25.10.2017

"The coming clash: Why Iran will divide Europe from the United States"

http://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/why_iran_will_divide_europe_from_the_united_states_7230

Die europäischen Regierungen sollten sich nach Ansicht von Ellie Geranmayeh bereits jetzt darauf vorbereiten, das Atomabkommen mit dem Iran im Falle neuer US-Sanktionen abzusichern und europäische Unternehmen und Banken, die im Iran aktiv sind, vor möglichen amerikanischen Strafmaßnahmen zu schützen. "Overall, safeguarding the nuclear deal and managing a new relationship with Tehran is the best way for Europe to have a meaningful influence over global and regional security issues in which it has a tangible stake and influence. If the nuclear deal is undermined, there is little hope that there can be a diplomatic breakthrough with Iran on other contentious issues, and regional instability in the Middle East is likely to deteriorate further. In that case, Europe may be dragged once again into a confrontational relationship with Iran, complete with renewed sanctions and the ever-present threat of escalation. That would be a tragic shame."

Mehr lesen


16.10.2017

"Donbas war will be won by force of example, not arms"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_donbas_war_will_be_won_by_force_of_example_not_arms_7240

Mark Galeotti meint, dass die ukrainische Regierung nicht länger versuchen sollte, das Donezbecken militärisch zurückzuerobern. Stattdessen sollte sich Kiew darauf konzentrieren, die stockenden Reformen und den Kampf gegen die Korruption voranzutreiben. "(...) it is wishful thinking to believe that this is a conflict that can be solved in the near future with the military means at Kyiv's disposal, even including whatever new toys the West may provide. In fact, it is a dangerous diversion. It may be tempting for a political leadership looking for distractions (Poroshenko’s approval rating is now around just 17%) to gamble on war rather than engage with the real, immediate and overdue task of state-building. But such adventurism risks plunging Ukraine into an even greater crisis – that of dealing with an enraged Russia and a devastated and resentful Donbas. Those who argue that reform must take second place to military victory are in effect cheerleading for the kleptocrats."

Mehr lesen


09.10.2017

"The long road towards Palestinian re-unification"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_the_long_road_towards_palestinian_re_unification

Trotz der von vielen Beobachtern geäußerten Skepsis hofft Hugh Lovatt, dass der aktuelle Annäherungsversuch zwischen Fatah und Hamas zu einer Stabilisierung der palästinensischen Politik und zu einer Entspannung der Lage in Gaza führen wird. "Even Israel, normally keen to maintain Palestinian divisions, has an interest in reducing tensions in the Strip. While it opposes any PA government inclusive of Hamas, the Israeli security establishment is aware that conditions on the ground have turned Gaza into a pressure cooker with negative security repercussions for Israel. (...) For now, the prospects of failure remain greater than those of success. But, even if current steps do not immediately lead to full national reunification, they can still provide at least partial relief for Gaza and stabilise the Palestinian political scene. This should be the main criteria for a deal’s success."

Mehr lesen


29.09.2017

"German election: An opening for Poland?"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_german_election_an_opening_for_poland_7232

Piotr Buras empfiehlt der polnischen Regierung, die Zeit nach den Bundestagswahlen zu nutzen, um die angeschlagenen Beziehungen zu Deutschland zu verbessern. "From a Polish perspective, 'Jamaica' may be a dream come true: The Greens should take care of a reasonable Russia policy and the liberals will oppose the reconstruction of the eurozone by the French. But it is Warsaw who must make the first move if they are to repair German-Polish relations in this decisive moment for Europe. Equally, Berlin would do well to keep its cool and distinguish between recent frictions and strategic interests. In the long run there is little to gain in widening the current schism, and much to lose."

Mehr lesen


21.09.2017

"The transatlantic meaning of Donald Trump: a US-EU Power Audit"

http://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/the_transatlantic_meaning_of_donald_trump_a_us_eu_power_audit7229

Jeremy Shapiro und Dina Pardijs haben die Reaktionen europäischer Regierungen auf die Trump-Administration analysiert und machen drei erkennbare "Effekte" aus: "New ECFR research into how Europeans have adapted to the new US administration reveals three 'Trump effects': the Regency Effect, the Messiah Effect, and the Antichrist Effect. The Regency Effect dominates. European leaders have largely decided to hope the 'regents' around Donald Trump will ensure the familiar transatlantic relationship continues more or less in its current form. Other politicians see in Trump a 'Messiah' or 'Antichrist' figure. For one camp he is a leader set on restoring Western conservative, Christian values; for the other he is a figure to oppose and rally against. But Trump is a symptom of the rot in the transatlantic relationship, not the cause. Even before Trump, America was growing more self-interested and distant. Europeans could defend themselves, but they continue to look to America for security because they cannot resolve their own internal disputes."

Mehr lesen


24.08.2017

"Reparations and the crisis of Poland’s foreign policy"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_reparations_and_the_crisis_of_polands_foreign_policy_7224

In Polen sind erneut Forderungen nach Reparationszahlungen aus Deutschland laut geworden. Piotr Buras vom European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR) in Warschau hält die Rückkehr dieser Debatte für den Ausdruck einer "primitiven" Interpretation internationaler Beziehungen durch die nationalkonservative PiS-Regierung. "Of course, the re-emergence of the reparations issue owes more to political than legal or economic considerations. (...) But 'operation reparations' represents more than just the instrumentalization of foreign policy for domestic purposes. It also reveals how Poland’s international relations have been infected by PiS’ primitive approach to morality, history and sovereignty."

Mehr lesen


06.07.2017

"China in the Balkans: The battle of principles"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_china_in_the_balkans_the_battle_of_principles_7210

Michal Makocki meint, dass das chinesische Jahrhundertprojekt einer neuen Seidenstraße, die auch durch einige Balkanländer führen soll, die regionale Reformagenda der EU unterminieren würde. Peking werde den neuen ökonomischen Einfluss zur subtilen Durchsetzung seiner außenpolitischen Interessen nutzen. "China’s challenge to EU interests in the region is different from that coming from Russia. China supports and benefits from the region’s stability, unlike Russia, which may benefit from its destabilisation. (...) Instead China seeks to leverage its economic engagement for political support on crucial foreign policy issues (such as the South China Sea arbitration ruling). (...) China often opportunistically takes advantage of the region’s frictions, offering itself as an easy alternative to Western demands for reforms."

Mehr lesen


19.06.2017

"The great unravelling: four doomsday scenarios for Europe’s Russia policy"

http://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/the_great_unravelling_four_doomsday_scenarios_7301

Gustav Gressel und Fredrik Wesslau haben in ihrem Papier für den European Council on Foreign Relations vier "Schreckensszenarien" für den Kollaps der aktuellen europäischen Russlandpolitik entworfen. "The scenarios outlined in this paper are: (1) the EU decides to enforce the Russian interpretation of the Minsk agreements on Ukraine; (2) the EU succumbs to Ukraine fatigue and accepts the status quo, including another frozen conflict in the neighbourhood; (3) the US disengages from Ukraine and ends sanctions on Russia, throwing European policy into disarray; and (4) a 'grand power bargain' between Trump and Putin shatters EU unity and allows Russia to bring Ukraine into its sphere of influence. To prevent any of these doomsday scenarios from unfolding, the EU must stay the course by maintaining a strong and united Russia policy. It can do this by automating the sanctions renewal process and stepping in where the US is stepping out in Ukraine."

Mehr lesen


08.06.2017

"The end of Angst: Germany is ready to lead in Europe"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_the_end_of_angst_germany_is_ready_to_lead_in_europe

Josef Janning glaubt, dass Deutschland mittlerweile bereit sei, die Führungsrolle in Europa selbstbewusst anzunehmen. Dies treffe nicht nur für die politische Klasse, sondern Umfragen zufolge zunehmend auch für die deutsche Öffentlichkeit zu. "Under the cover of business as usual, a silent revolution is taking place in German attitudes to Europe. The habitual reluctance of post-war Germans to assume responsibility, to express their preferences and to lead in their neighbourhood, is giving way to an acceptance of Germany’s special role in Europe. This new attitude is more functionalist than triumphalist, but it is underpinned by considerable confidence. (...) It seems the 'ohne mich' reflex of the 1950s, when many Germans refused to support the rearmament of the country, can finally be laid to rest in the history books. Germans today understand that the strength and stability of Europe depend on their engagement – and that taking on this task is not as scary as it once seemed."

Mehr lesen


05.05.2017

"Macron’s Foreign Policy: Claiming the tradition"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_macrons_foreign_policy_claiming_the_tradition_7285

Emmanuel Macron, der die Stichwahl zur französischen Präsidentschaft am Sonntag deutlich gewonnen hat, sei außenpolitisch bislang noch unerfahren, stellen Manuel Lafont Rapnouil und Jeremy Shapiro fest. Macron habe deshalb frühzeitig signalisiert, dass er mit dem aktuellen Verteidigungsminister Jean-Yves Le Drian zusammenarbeiten und dem von de Gaulle und Mitterrand geprägten außenpolitischen Konsens folgen wolle. "Following those examples, Macron does not spend much time on the 'soft' foreign policy issues that are trendy on the centre-left, such as global governance and development assistance. During the campaign, Macron, whose background is in economic issues, has increasingly placed an emphasis on security, articulating a willingness to act forcefully abroad to defend French interests. (...) The world will quickly challenge his tendency toward ambiguity. He won’t be the first to seek a 'demanding dialogue' with Putin’s Russia without obtaining results. His bold views on human rights, whether on Syria, Saudi Arabia, China, Russia or the US will quickly meet realpolitik concerns. His reluctance to act militarily without a realistic exit strategy might be called to question if a jihadist threat suddenly emerges in Europe’s neighbourhood as it did in Mali in 2013. Perhaps most fundamentally, Macron’s insistence on reforming the EU through working and compromising with Germany will face opposition within the rest of the European Union and test his ability to build coalitions in Europe around the Franco-German core."

Mehr lesen


03.05.2017

"Germany, not China, will be Donald Trump’s enemy number one"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_germany_not_china_will_be_donald_trumps_enemy_7282

Ulrike Esther Franke und Mark Leonard befürchten, dass sich die Beziehungen zwischen Deutschland und den USA bald spürbar verschlechtern könnten. Es gebe gleich mehrere Gebiete, auf denen Berlin ins Visier der US-Regierung geraten dürfte. "First, Trump has made it very clear that he sees the world through an economic lens. He was elected on the promise that he would run the US like a company. He regularly attacks globalisation and free trade, and says he will renegotiate NAFTA and put an end to TPP and TTIP negotiations. For Germany, this is highly problematic. After all, we are 'Exportweltmeister' – 'Export world champion'. (...) Second, the 'alt-right' ideologues in Trump’s entourage loathe Germany for its refugee policy. (...) There is further US-German disagreement about international organisations. (...) Finally, some parts of the Trump administration even dislike the German Mittelstand. (...) It is possible that it will not turn out as bad as we fear. Trump recently praised the 'unbelievable chemistry' between him and the German chancellor. And many in Berlin nowadays continue to hope that more liberal forces will prevail in Trump’s cabinet. Still, a tangible risk remains that German-US relations are heading towards a low-point."

Mehr lesen


18.04.2017

"Crimintern: How the Kremlin uses Russia’s criminal networks in Europe"

http://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/crimintern_how_the_kremlin_uses_russias_criminal_networks_in_euro
pe

Russische Verbrecherorganisationen, die in Europa aktiv sind, pflegen Mark Galeotti zufolge Verbindungen zum russischen Staat. Dies habe dazu geführt, dass Russland die kriminellen Netzwerke von Zeit zu Zeit als Machtinstrumente nutzt. "Russian-based organised crime groups in Europe have been used for a variety of purposes, including as sources of 'black cash', to launch cyber attacks, to wield political influence, to traffic people and goods, and even to carry out targeted assassinations on behalf of the Kremlin. European states and institutions need to consider RBOC a security as much as a criminal problem, and adopt measures to combat it, including concentrating on targeting their assets, sharing information between security and law-enforcement agencies, and accepting the need to devote political and economic capital to the challenge."

Mehr lesen


04.04.2017

"Yemen is fast becoming a global, not regional, problem"

http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_yemen_is_fast_becoming_a_global_not_regional_problem_7265

Jemen sei nach zwei Jahren Krieg in einer "beispiellosen Anarchie" versunken, schreibt Adam Baron. Trotz militärischer Fortschritte der von Saudi-Arabien angeführten Koalition sei ein Ende der Kämpfe nicht in Sicht. Um den völligen Kollaps des Landes und eine neue Flüchtlingswelle zu verhindern, müsse vor allem Europa als neutrale Macht stärker auftreten, so Barons Forderung. "Europe, the only international actor viewed positively by most parties to the conflict, must increase coordination among member states. (...) Europe must also use its perceived neutrality to open and strengthen channels with actors like southern secessionists and tribal militias who often make up the de-facto power structures on the ground but who have been left out of the formal peace process thus far. Thirdly, Europe and its international partners must make a long-term resource commitment to Yemen. While emergency humanitarian aid is crucial, policy must move beyond crisis response to working with Yemen partners to build a more sustainable governance and political structures on the ground."

Mehr lesen


suche-links1 2 3 4suche-rechts

Hier finden Sie die Redaktion der Sicherheitspolitischen Presseschau.

Mehr lesen

Internationales

Internationales

Europa, Asien, Afrika, Amerika und weltweite Phänomene und Institutionen. Die bpb bietet ein breites Angebot zu internationalen Themen.

Mehr lesen

Online-Angebot

Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? Sicherheitspolitik.bpb.de liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

Mehr lesen auf sicherheitspolitik.bpb.de

Dossier

Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

Mehr lesen

Zahlen und Fakten

Globalisierung

Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

Mehr lesen

Publikationen zum Thema

Coverbild Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Die internationale Sicherheit ist fragil und bedroht. Wie können und müssen demokratische Systeme ...

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik Cover

Internationale Sicherheitspolitik

Seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat sich die internationale Sicherheitspolitik deutlich verändert....

Zum Shop