US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute


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29.04.2019

"World military expenditure grows to $1.8 trillion in 2018"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2019/world-military-expenditure-grows-18-trillion-2018

Die weltweiten Militärausgaben sind diesem neuen Bericht des Stockholm International Peace Research Institute zufolge im vergangenen Jahr um 2,6% angestiegen. "The five biggest spenders in 2018 were the United States, China, Saudi Arabia, India and France, which together accounted for 60 per cent of global military spending. (...) Total global military spending rose for the second consecutive year in 2018, to the highest level since 1988 — the first year for which consistent global data is available. World spending is now 76 per cent higher than the post-cold war low in 1998. World military spending in 2018 represented 2.1 per cent of global gross domestic product (GDP) or $239 per person. (...) US military spending grew — for the first time since 2010 — by 4.6 per cent, to reach $649 billion in 2018. The USA remained by far the largest spender in the world, and spent almost as much on its military in 2018 as the next eight largest-spending countries combined."

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11.03.2019

"Global arms trade: USA increases dominance; arms flows to the Middle East surge, says SIPRI"

http://https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2019/global-arms-trade-usa-increases-dominance-arms-flow
s-middle-east-surge-says-sipri

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) hat einen neuen Bericht zum internationalen Waffenhandel veröffentlicht und fasst die wesentlichen Ergebnisse in dieser Pressemitteilung zusammen. "The volume of international transfers of major arms in 2014–18 was 7.8 per cent higher than in 2009–13 and 23 per cent higher than in 2004–2008, according to new data on arms transfers published today by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). The five largest exporters in 2014–18 were the United States, Russia, France, Germany and China. Together, they accounted for 75 per cent of the total volume of arms exports in 2014–18. The flow of arms increased to the Middle East between 2009–13 and 2014–18, while there was a decrease in flows to all other regions. US arms exports grew by 29 per cent between 2009–13 and 2014–18, and the US share of total global exports rose from 30 per cent to 36 per cent. The gap between the top two arms-exporting states also increased: US exports of major arms were 75 per cent higher than Russia’s in 2014–18, while they were only 12 per cent higher in 2009–13. More than half (52 per cent) of US arms exports went to the Middle East in 2014–18."

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10.12.2018

"Global arms industry: US companies dominate the Top 100; Russian arms industry moves to second place"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2018/global-arms-industry-us-companies-dominate-top-100-russian
-arms-industry-moves-second-place

Das Stockholmer Friedensforschungsinstitut Sipri hat einen neuen Bericht über die weltweite Produktion von Rüstungsgütern veröffentlicht. "The total for the SIPRI Top 100 in 2017 is 2.5 per cent higher than in 2016 and represents an increase of 44 per cent since 2002 (the first year for which comparable data is available; figures exclude China). This is the third consecutive year of growth in Top 100 arms sales. (...) With 42 companies listed in 2017, companies based in the United States continued to dominate the Top 100 in 2017. (...) The combined arms sales of the 24 companies in Western Europe listed in the Top 100 increased by 3.8 per cent in 2017, to $94.9 billion, which accounted for 23.8 per cent of the Top 100 total. The UK remained the largest arms producer in the region in 2017, with total arms sales of $35.7 billion and seven companies listed in the Top 100."

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18.06.2018

"Modernization of nuclear weapons continues; number of peacekeepers declines: New SIPRI Yearbook out now"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2018/modernization-nuclear-weapons-continues-number-peacekeeper
s-declines-new-sipri-yearbook-out-now

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) hat ein neues Jahrbuch veröffentlicht und hebt in dieser Präsentation zwei Kernaussagen hervor: "Key findings include the following: all the nuclear weapon-possessing states are developing new nuclear weapon systems and modernizing their existing systems; and the number of personnel deployed with peace operations worldwide continues to fall while the demand is increasing. (...) The decrease in the overall number of nuclear weapons in the world is due mainly to Russia and the USA — which together still account for nearly 92 per cent of all nuclear weapons — further reducing their strategic nuclear forces pursuant to the implementation of the 2010 Treaty on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (New START). Despite making limited reductions to their nuclear forces, both Russia and the USA have long-term programmes under way to replace and modernize their nuclear warheads, missile and aircraft delivery systems, and nuclear weapon production facilities."

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02.05.2018

"Global military spending remains high at $1.7 trillion"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2018/global-military-spending-remains-high-17-trillion

Neuen Zahlen des Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) zufolge sind die globalen Rüstungsausgaben im vergangenen Jahr mit 1,1% leicht angestiegen. "After 13 consecutive years of increases from 1999 to 2011 and relatively unchanged spending from 2012 to 2016, total global military expenditure rose again in 2017. Military spending in 2017 represented 2.2 per cent of global gross domestic product (GDP) or $230 per person. 'The increases in world military expenditure in recent years have been largely due to the substantial growth in spending by countries in Asia and Oceania and the Middle East, such as China, India and Saudi Arabia,' said Dr Nan Tian, Researcher with the SIPRI Arms and Military Expenditure (AMEX) programme. 'At the global level, the weight of military spending is clearly shifting away from the Euro–Atlantic region.'"

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12.03.2018

"Asia and the Middle East lead rising trend in arms imports, US exports grow significantly, says SIPRI"

https://www.sipri.org/news/press-release/2018/asia-and-middle-east-lead-rising-trend-arms-imports-us-expo
rts-grow-significantly-says-sipri

Das schwedische Friedensforschungsinstitut Sipri hat einen neuen Bericht über die Entwicklung der internationalen Waffenverkäufe in den vergangenen Jahren veröffentlicht. "Continuing the upward trend that began in the early 2000s, the volume of international transfers of major weapons in 2013-17 was 10 per cent higher than in 2008-12, according to new data on arms transfers published today by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). The flow of arms increased to Asia and Oceania and the Middle East between 2008–12 and 2013–17, while there was a decrease in the flow to Africa, the Americas and Europe. The five biggest exporters — the United States, Russia, France, Germany and China—together accounted for 74 per cent of all arms exports in 2013–17."

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06.09.2017

"Launch of story map on anti-vehicle mines"

https://www.sipri.org/news/2017/launch-story-map-anti-vehicle-mines

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute hat in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) eine interaktive "story map" über die Auswirkungen von Landminen auf die Bevölkerung in internationalen Konfliktgebieten ins Netz gestellt. "The story map contains multimedia content, interactive maps and narrative text to provide an introduction to AVMs [anti-vehicle mines] and data analysis of trends. It demonstrates the impact of AVMs on livelihoods in ongoing conflicts, such as Ukraine, and in post-conflict situations, like in the case of Cambodia. 'Twisted Metal, Broken Bodies' is produced based on the findings of recent GICHD–SIPRI studies on global mapping of anti-vehicle mine incidents (2016 and 2015); and a comprehensive study on the humanitarian and developmental impact of AVMs from 2014."

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06.07.2017

"The security situation in Mali"

https://www.sipri.org/media/2017/security-situation-mali-new-sipri-study-added-value-involving-civil-soci
ety-peace-implementation

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) hat einen Bericht über die Sicherheitslage in Mali veröffentlicht, die ihren Fokus besonders auf zivilgesellschaftliche Akteure richtet. "The findings of the report highlight the necessity for developmental and political responses to insecurity. The current emphasis is on the deployment of troops and the creation of new forces to tackle the security problems of the Sahel; however, the government of Mali and the international community is advised to take into account the priorities expressed by the Malian people, many of whom are calling for softer, longer-term approaches. Security priorities in the North, Centre and South of the country are not uniform, which supports the call for contextualised responses. Similarly, men and women do not always express the same priorities. The report points out that thereby, national security policies will have to adapt to regional and demographic needs."

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24.04.2017

"World military spending: Increases in the USA and Europe, decreases in oil-exporting countries"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2017/world-military-spending-increases-usa-and-europe

Das schwedische Friedensforschungsinstitut Sipri hat seine jährliche Studie zu den weltweiten Militärausgaben veröffentlicht. Die wichtigsten Trends werden im Bericht folgendermaßen zusammengefasst: "The United States remains the country with the highest annual military expenditure in the world. US military spending grew by 1.7 per cent between 2015 and 2016 to $611 billion. Military expenditure by China, which was the second largest spender in 2016, increased by 5.4 per cent to $215 billion, a much lower rate of growth than in previous years. Russia increased its spending by 5.9 per cent in 2016 to $69.2 billion, making it the third largest spender. Saudi Arabia was the third largest spender in 2015 but dropped to fourth position in 2016. Spending by Saudi Arabia fell by 30 per cent in 2016 to $63.7 billion, despite its continued involvement in regional wars. India’s military expenditure grew by 8.5 per cent in 2016 to $55.9 billion, making it the fifth largest spender. (...) Military expenditure in Western Europe rose for the second consecutive year and was up by 2.6 per cent in 2016. There were spending increases in all but three countries in Western Europe."

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20.02.2017

"Increase in arms transfers driven by demand in the Middle East and Asia, says SIPRI"

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2017/increase-arms-transfers-driven-demand-middle-east-and-asia
-says-sipri

Hier der Direktlink zu den Ergebnissen des Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) mit den neuen Zahlen zum internationalen Waffenhandel. "The volume of international transfers of major weapons has grown continuously since 2004 and increased by 8.4 per cent between 2007–11 and 2012–16, according to new data on arms transfers published today by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). Notably, transfers of major weapons in 2012–16 reached their highest volume for any five-year period since the end of the cold war. The flow of arms increased to Asia and Oceania and the Middle East between 2007–11 and 2012–16, while there was a decrease in the flow to Europe, the Americas and Africa. The five biggest exporters — the United States, Russia, China, France and Germany — together accounted for 74 per cent of the total volume of arms exports."

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05.04.2016

"World military spending resumes upward course, says SIPRI"

http://www.sipri.org/media/pressreleases/2016/milex-apr-2016

Im neuen Jahresbericht des Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) heißt es, dass die globalen Militärausgaben im vergangenen Jahr um 1% und damit zum ersten Mal seit 2011 gestiegen sind. "The increase reflects continuing growth in Asia and Oceania, Central and Eastern Europe, and some Middle Eastern states. The decline in spending in the West is also levelling off. At the same time, spending decreased in Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Thus, the global military expenditure picture is mixed. The United States remained by far the world’s biggest spender in 2015, despite its expenditure falling by 2.4 per cent to $596 billion. Among the other top spenders, China’s expenditure rose by 7.4 per cent to $215 billion, Saudi Arabia’s grew by 5.7 per cent to $87.2 billion — making it the world’s third-largest spender — and Russia’s increased by 7.5 per cent to $66.4 billion."

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04.03.2016

"Middle East Conflict Risks Overspill into the Caucasus"

http://www.sipri.org/media/blogs/writepeace/middle-east-conflict-risks-overspill-into-caucasus

Neil Melvin warnt vor einer Ausbreitung des russisch-türkischen Konflikts in Syrien nach Zentralasien. "The current escalation of Russian-Turkish confrontation over Syria has raised security issues long thought settled. (...) The rising tensions in the South Caucasus as a result of Russia-Turkish confrontation risk further destabalising a region that has already experienced some of the most serious conflicts in the post-Soviet space. Any violent confrontation involving Russia, Turkey and Armenia would inevitably also draw in Azerbaijan, Turkey’s ally, while Russia would seek to resupply its Armenian bases through Georgia, the only overland route, risking further confrontation with Tbilisi, where tensions are already high following the Russia-Georgia war of 2008."

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22.02.2016

"Asia and the Middle East lead rise in arms imports; the United States and Russia remain largest arms exporters, says SIPRI"

http://www.sipri.org/media/pressreleases/2016/at-feb-2016

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) hat einen neuen Bericht über den Umfang und die Verteilung des globalen Waffenhandels veröffentlicht. Indien ist demzufolge der weltweit größte Waffenimporteur, während die Rüstungsverkäufe in den Nahen Osten in den vergangenen Jahren immerhin um 61% gestiegen sind. Größter Waffenexporteur bleiben den SIPRI-Zahlen zufolge mit Abstand die USA. "In 2011–15 Saudi Arabia was the world’s second largest arms importer, with an increase of 275 per cent compared to 2006–10. In the same period, arms imports by the United Arab Emirates rose by 35 per cent and those by Qatar went up by 279 per cent. Egypt’s arms imports increased by 37 per cent between 2006–10 and 2011–15, primarily due to a steep rise in 2015. 'A coalition of Arab states is putting mainly US- and European-sourced advanced arms into use in Yemen,' said Pieter Wezeman, Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms and Military Expenditure Programme. 'Despite low oil prices, large deliveries of arms to the Middle East are scheduled to continue as part of contracts signed in the past five years.' With a 33 per cent share of total arms exports, the USA was the top arms exporter in 
2011–15. Its exports of major weapons increased by 27 per cent compared to 2006–10."

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14.12.2015

"Global arms industry: West still dominant despite decline; sales surge in rest of the world, says SIPRI"

http://www.sipri.org/media/pressreleases/2015/SIPRI-Top-100-December-2015

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) hat eine aktuelle empirische Bestandsaufnahme der internationalen Waffenverkäufe veröffentlicht. "For the fourth consecutive year, sales of arms and military services by the SIPRI Top 100 — the largest arms-producing companies by arms sales — have decreased. However, with a reduction of 1.5 per cent in real terms between 2013 and 2014, the global decline in SIPRI Top 100 total arms sales remains moderate. Falls in 2014 are due to lower arms sales for companies based in North America and Western Europe, as Top 100 companies located in other regions of the world have collectively increased their arms sales."

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15.06.2015

"SIPRI Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security"

http://www.sipri.org/yearbook/main

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) hat sein neues Jahrbuch mit Daten und Analysen zu internationalen Militärausgaben, Rüstungsproduktion, bewaffneten Konflikten und Friedenseinsätzen veröffentlicht. "The 46th edition of the SIPRI Yearbook is a compendium of data and analysis in the areas of security and conflicts; military spending and armaments; and non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament. It covers developments during 2014 including: aspects of the ongoing conflicts in Syria, Iraq and Ukraine; regional military-security trends in East Asia; military spending in the US; the continued negotiations around Iran's nuclear programme; and the entry into force of the Arms Trade Treaty."

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13.04.2015

"US military spending falls, increases in eastern Europe, Middle East, Africa and Asia says SIPRI"

http://www.sipri.org/media/pressreleases/2015/milex-april-2015

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute berichtet in einer aktuellen Bestandsaufnahme, dass China, Russland und Saudi-Arabien ihre Militärausgaben deutlich erhöht hätten. Die Krise in der Ukraine habe dazu geführt, dass auch die osteuropäischen Länder mehr Geld für Waffen ausgeben. "(...) there is less sign of a similar trend in the rest of Western Europe, despite the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) asking its member states to spend 2 per cent of GDP on military spending. The five biggest spenders in Western Europe — France, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy and Spain — have all budgeted for further cuts, albeit mostly small, in 2015. However, Germany has announced the intention to increase spending in the medium term. (...) 'The Ukraine crisis has fundamentally altered the security situation in Europe, but so far the impact on military spending is mostly apparent in countries bordering Russia. Elsewhere, austerity remains the main driver of downward spending trends', said Dr Perlo-Freeman."

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15.12.2014

"Sales by largest arms companies fell again in 2013 but Russian firms’ sales continued rising"

http://www.sipri.org/media/pressreleases/2014/SIPRI-Top-100-December-2014

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) präsentiert eine Bilanz der internationalen Waffenverkäufe im Jahr 2013. In der begleitenden Presseerklärung heißt es: "This is the third consecutive year of decline in the total arms sales of the 100 largest arms producers and military services providers. With a decrease in sales of 2 per cent in real terms compared to 3.9 per cent in 2012, the pace of the decline has slowed slightly. This is partly attributable to significant increases in arms sales by Russian companies and other emerging suppliers. Sales by companies headquartered in the United States and Canada have continued to moderately decrease, while sales by Russian-based companies increased by 20 per cent in 2013. Western Europe offered a more mixed picture, with French companies increasing their sales, sales by British companies remaining stable, and Italian and Spanish arms-producing companies’ sales continuing to decline."

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16.06.2014

"Nuclear forces reduced while modernizations continue, says SIPRI"

http://www.sipri.org/media/pressreleases/2014/nuclear_May_2014

Der Umfang der globalen Atomwaffenarsenale schwinde weiter, allerdings schreite die Modernisierung der verbleibenden Atomwaffen ebenfalls voran, stellt das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute in einer neuen Studie fest. "Over the past five years there has been a steady decline in the overall number of nuclear warheads in the world. The decrease is due mainly to Russia and the USA — which together still account for more than 93 per cent of all nuclear weapons — further reducing their inventories of strategic nuclear weapons under the terms of the Treaty on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (New START). At the same time, all five legally recognized nuclear weapon states — China, France, Russia, the UK and the USA — are either deploying new nuclear weapon delivery systems or have announced programmes to do so. India and Pakistan continue to develop new systems capable of delivering nuclear weapons and are expanding their capacities to produce fissile material for military purposes."

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09.05.2014

"Relations between Afghanistan and Central Asian states after 2014: Incentives, Constraints and Prospects"

http://books.sipri.org/product_info?c_product_id=478

Nargis Kassenova, Politikwissenschaftlerin an der KIMEP University in der kasachischen Stadt Almaty, hat in ihrem Bericht für das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute die Beziehungen zwischen Afghanistan und den Staaten in Zentralasien analysiert. "All Central Asian states are concerned about the potential spillover of insecurity from Afghanistan. The impending withdrawal of international forces is seen as potentially leading to destabilization, with negative consequences for the region. This report explores the commonalities and differences in the policies of Central Asian states toward Afghanistan. The author argues that the Soviet-era isolation of Central Asian states from their traditional neighbours has been broken, and that opportunities for business, educational and people-to-people links will only increase."

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14.04.2014

"Military spending continues to fall in the West but rises everywhere else, says SIPRI"

http://www.sipri.org/media/pressreleases/2014/Milex_April_2014

Das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) hat einen neuen Bericht über aktuelle Trends in den globalen Rüstungsausgaben veröffentlicht. In der Presseerklärung wird besonders auf die neue Rolle Saudi-Arabiens aufmerksam gemacht. "The fall in the global total comes from decreases in Western countries, led by the United States, and despite increases in all other regions. In fact, military spending in the rest of the world excluding the USA increased by 1.8 per cent. The next three highest spenders — China, Russia and Saudi Arabia — all made substantial increases, with Saudi Arabia leapfrogging the United Kingdom, Japan and France to become the world’s fourth largest military spender. China, Russia and Saudi Arabia are among the 23 countries around the world that have more than doubled their military expenditure since 2004."

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17.03.2014

"South Asia and the Gulf lead rising trend in arms imports, Russian exports grow, says SIPRI"

http://www.sipri.org/media/pressreleases/2014/AT_march_2014

Das schwedische Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) hat einen neuen Bericht über aktuelle Trends weltweiter Waffenverkäufe veröffentlicht. "The five largest suppliers of major weapons during the five-year period 2009–13 were the United States (29 per cent of global arms exports), Russia (27 per cent), Germany (7 per cent), China (6 per cent) and France (5 per cent). These top 5 suppliers accounted for 74 per cent of the total volume of arms exports worldwide. The USA and Russia together accounted for 56 per cent of the volume of arms exports."

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31.01.2014

"Sales by largest arms companies fell again in 2012 but Russian firms’ sales increased sharply"

http://www.sipri.org/media/pressreleases/2014/top100_january2014

Der Umfang der Waffenverkäufe durch die größten internationalen Rüstungsunternehmen sei im Jahr 2012 deutlich um 4,2 Prozent gesunken, stellt das Stockholm International Peace Research Institute in einem neuen Bericht fest. "However, the decrease in arms sales in 2012 was not uniform: while sales by companies in the United States, Canada and most West European countries continued to fall, arms sales by Russian companies increased sharply, by 28 per cent in real terms. The share for companies outside North America and Western Europe has also been increasing since 2005 and, at 13.5 per cent, is at its highest point in the history of the Top 100, which does not include China-based companies due to lack of available data."

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