US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty


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13.02.2019

"UN Official Says Peace Negotiations For Ukraine Have 'Lost Momentum'"

https://www.rferl.org/a/un-ukraine-conflict-minsk-accord/29767153.html

Die laufenden Verhandlungen zur Lösung des Ukraine-Konflikts sind dem stellvertretenden UN-Generalsekretär Miroslav Jenca zufolge ins Stocken geraten, da beide Seiten in wichtigen Fragen nicht zu Kompromissen bereit seien. "A top UN official said the negotiations aimed at implementing the 2015 Minsk accords and ending the conflict in eastern Ukraine have lost momentum. Assistant Secretary-General Miroslav Jenca made the comment in a speech before the UN Security Council on February 12, at an event marking the fourth anniversary of the accords. Jenca said negotiations 'appear to have lost momentum' and that neither Russia nor Ukraine appear to be willing to agree on key steps forward. The conflict, which erupted in 2014 at around the same time that Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea Peninsula, has killed more than 10,000 people and displaced more than 1 million.“

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02.02.2019

"NATO To Sign Accession Pact With Macedonia, Paving Way For Membership"

https://www.rferl.org/a/nato-to-sign-accession-pact-with-macedonia-paving-way-for-membership/29747587.htm
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Die NATO hat nach der Einigung im Namensstreit zwischen Mazedonien und Griechenland einen Beitrittspakt mit Mazedonien unterschrieben. "Macedonia has said it expects Greece to be the first NATO member to ratify the accession protocol, after which the country will begin to call itself by its new, agreed-upon name. Macedonia and Greece approved an agreement under which Macedonia agreed to change its name to the Republic of North Macedonia. Since 1991, Greece has objected to the name 'Macedonia' because it has a northern province with that name. The name change deal, dubbed the Prespa agreement after the border lake where it was signed last year, ends a 27-year dispute between the two neighbors. A NATO official told AFP that after the signing of the accession protocol, 'the accession process then moves to the capitals of the 29 allies, where the protocol will be ratified according to national procedures.' 'Once that process is completed,' the official said, 'the country will become a full member.'"

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24.01.2019

"Interview: Russia's Ties To Venezuela Give It 'Nuisance Power' Over The U.S."

https://www.rferl.org/a/interview-russia-s-ties-to-venezuela-give-it-nuisance-power-over-the-u-s-/2972881
2.html

Der Lateinamerikaexperte Mikael Wigell vom Finnish Institute of International Affairs erklärt in diesem Interview, dass Russland mit der Unterstützung von Präsident Maduro in Venezuela neben der Vertretung handfester ökonomischer Interessen vor allem versuche, ein regionales "Ärgernis" für die USA zu schaffen. "(...) Moscow's interest in Venezuela is driven by its quite tense relations with the United States and it wants to [provide a counterbalance to] the United States. Establishing close relations with Venezuela gives Moscow a certain nuisance power in relation to the United States, and that can be used as a bargaining chip in future dealings with the United States. It also can be kind of a showcase for Russia's aspirations to be considered a global power. But Russia also has certain economic interests in Venezuela which have to do with its arms sales. Venezuela is a big purchaser of Russian arms, and Russia has also gained very favorable assets and contracts in Venezuela's oil-and-gas sector."

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20.01.2019

"Under Moscow Pressure, Could Belarus's Balancing Act Come Crashing Down?"

https://www.rferl.org/a/analysis-under-moscow-pressure-could-belarus-s-balancing-act-come-crashing-down-/
29720188.html

Robert Coalson berichtet, dass die jüngsten diplomatischen Aktivitäten zwischen Russland und Weißrussland Spekulationen über eine bevorstehende Wiedervereinigung beider Länder ausgelöst hätten. "However, many analysts see the current activity as part of a larger pattern spanning the two countries' entire post-Soviet history, in which Lukashenka deftly offers or withholds his support for Moscow in complex bargaining for the Russian economic subsidies on which his country relies. Kenneth Yalowitz, a fellow at the Wilson Center in Washington who served as U.S. ambassador to Belarus in the 1990s, told RFE/RL that Lukashenka's appetite for merger is at a low ebb since Russia's 2014 annexation of Ukraine's Crimea region and Moscow's involvement in the military conflict in eastern Ukraine. At the same time, he noted, Russia's economy is groaning under the strain of Western sanctions and other priority projects for Putin, leaving Moscow unable to bear the cost of absorbing Belarus's basket-case economy. (...) in Russia the prospect of taking on the Belarus economic project would likely not be greeted as enthusiastically as the annexation of Crimea was by a population that has seen significant tax hikes and a painful increase in retirement ages in the last few months."

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20.01.2019

"Russians Hold Protests Against Possible Kuriles Handover"

https://www.rferl.org/a/russians-holding-protests-against-possible-kurile-handover/29720281.html

Vor dem Hintergrund der laufenden Verhandlungen zwischen Russland und Japan zur Beilegung des Kurilenkonflikts haben tausende Demonstranten in Moskau und anderen Städten gegen eine mögliche Übergabe östlicher Gebiete an Japan protestiert. "The Soviet Union seized the four southernmost Kurile Islands from Japan in the closing days of World War II. The dispute over them has prevented the two countries from signing a peace treaty formally ending the hostilities. In November, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe agreed to accelerate negotiations based on a 1956 Soviet proposal to return the two less populated islands, Shikotan, and a group of islets called Habomai. 'Any mention of handing over the Kuriles…is nothing but an act of treason,' speaker Igor Skurlatov told the rally in Moscow, during which the participants chanted slogans such as, 'The Kuriles are Russian soil.' 'Today we give away the Kuriles, tomorrow we give away Crimea,' he added, referring to the Ukrainian region that Russia occupied and annexed in 2014."

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11.01.2019

"Russia Condemns British Plans To Build Military Bases"

https://www.rferl.org/a/russia-condemns-british-plans-to-build-new-military-bases/29704244.html

Russland hat angesichts der britischen Pläne zur Errichtung neuer Militärstützpunkte in der Karibik und in Südostasien mögliche Gegenmaßnahmen in Aussicht gestellt. "British Defense Minister Gavin Williamson told the Sunday Telegraph in December that Britain could establish the new military bases 'within the next couple of years' after the country leaves the European Union. Williamson said the expansion would be part of a strategy for Britain to become a 'true global player' after Brexit. (...) Speaking on January 11, Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswomen Maria Zakharova said Williamson's comments were baffling and warned that such plans could destabilize world affairs. 'Of course, Britain like any other country is independent when it comes to its military construction plans. But against the backdrop of overall rising military and political tensions in the world ... statements about the desire to build up its military presence in third countries are counterproductive, destabilizing, and possibly of a provocational nature,' she was quoted as saying by TASS. Russia has military bases in several former Soviet countries. It also operates military facilities in Syria and Vietnam."

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10.01.2019

"Putin, Merkel Agree To Coordinate Syria Peace Efforts Amid U.S. Troop Pullout"

https://www.rferl.org/a/putin-merkel-discuss-syria-us-troop-pullout-trump-bolton-pompeo/29700714.html

Bundeskanzlerin Merkel und Präsident Putin haben telefonisch vereinbart, ihre Bemühungen zur Beilegung des Konflikts in Syrien zu koordinieren. "Russian President Vladimir Putin and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have agreed in a telephone call to coordinate efforts to work toward peace in Syria, the Kremlin says. 'The desire was expressed to advance the political processes in close coordination with the United Nations, in order to solve the Syrian crisis in the long term,' the Kremlin said on January 9. Merkel and Putin also discussed the formation of a constitutional committee for Syria, which is to work out a new constitution for the war-torn country, repeating issues they covered during a phone call at the end of December and at an October summit in Istanbul involving Russia, Germany, Turkey, and France."

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09.01.2019

"The Destruction Of Ukraine's Nuclear Arsenal"

https://www.rferl.org/a/the-destruction-of-ukraines-nuclear-arsenal/29699706.html

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty erinnert mit dieser Bildergalerie an die Zerstörung der ukrainischen Atomwaffen vor 25 Jahren. "Twenty-five years ago, Ukraine possessed the world’s third-largest nuclear arsenal. It had inherited 175 long-range missiles and more than 1,800 warheads after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Following two years of talks been the United States, Russia, and Ukraine, U.S. President Bill Clinton announced a breakthrough on January 10, 1994. Ukraine had agreed to remove all nuclear weapons from its soil in exchange for assurances that Russia would respect its sovereignty."

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02.01.2019

Text"Trump Gives No Timetable For Syria Withdrawal, Vows To Protect Kurdish Fighters"

https://www.rferl.org/a/trump-gives-no-timetable-for-syria-withdrawal-vows-to-protect-kurdish-fighters/29
688495.html

US-Präsident Trump will auf einen festen Zeitplan für den angekündigten Truppenabzug aus Syrien verzichten. "U.S. President Donald Trump has said U.S. forces will withdraw from Syria 'over a period of time,' insisting he wants to protect U.S.-backed Kurdish fighters battling the Islamic State (IS) extremist group. Trump did not provide a timetable for the planned withdrawal of roughly 2,000 U.S. troops in Syria, which he announced last month against the advice of many top security advisers and reportedly without consulting lawmakers or U.S. allies involved in operations against IS militants."

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01.01.2019

"North Korea Warns Of 'New Path' If U.S. Insists On Sanctions"

https://www.rferl.org/a/29686319.html

In seiner Neujahrsansprache hat Nordkoreas Staatschef Kim Jong Un mit dem Ende des bisherigen Verhandlungsprozesses mit den USA gedroht, sollte die US-Regierung weiter auf "unilateralen Forderungen" und neuen Sanktionen bestehen. "Kim praised his June 2018 summit with U.S. President Donald Trump in Singapore, where the leaders had 'fruitful talks' and 'exchanged constructive ideas.' He also said he was ready to meet again with Trump 'at any time in the future.' Kim also called on the United States to extend its halt on military exercises with South Korea. He added that the United States 'continues to break its promises and misjudges our patience by unilaterally demanding certain things and pushing ahead with sanctions and pressure.' At the June summit, Kim and Trump agreed to a vague pledge to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula, but little progress has been made on the issue in recent months."

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18.12.2018

"Putin Open To Other States Joining Russia-U.S. Nuclear Pact"

https://www.rferl.org/a/putin-open-to-other-states-joining-russia-u-s-nuclear-pact/29663236.html

Präsident Putin hat im Streit um den INF-Vertrag seine grundsätzliche Bereitschaft erklärt, andere Länder in einen Vertrag zur Rüstungskontrolle einzubinden. "Speaking at a Defense Ministry meeting, Putin said there was nothing to stop Russia and the United States from holding talks with other countries about the possibility of them joining the INF Treaty in a bid to salvage it. 'Yes, indeed, there are certain difficulties with this treaty,' Putin said. 'Other countries possessing short- and intermediate-range missiles are not party to it. 'But what prevents [us] from starting talks on their accession to the existing treaty or starting to negotiate the parameters of a new treaty?' Putin asked. He also said that Russia could easily make and deploy land-based intermediate-range missiles if the United States ditched the accord. 'Whatever the complaints about the treaty, in the current conditions it plays a stabilizing role [and] works to support a certain level of predictability and restraint in the military sphere,' the Russian president said."

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15.12.2018

"Don't Look Back: De-Germanification Campaign Gains Steam In Russia's Kaliningrad"

https://www.rferl.org/a/degermanification-campaign-gains-steam-in-russia-kaliningrad/29657884.html

Yulia Paramonova und Robert Coalson berichten, dass sich die Behörden in Kaliningrad offenbar bemühen, das deutsche Erbe der russischen Exklave systematisch aus dem öffentlichen Gedächtnis zu entfernen. "In fact, the entire region seems to have been closing the door for years on its German past, an effort that has noticeably gathered steam in recent months. Kaliningrad Oblast was annexed into the Soviet Union from Germany after the end of World War II as an exclave of the Russian soviet republic. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Baltic states and Poland joined the European Union and NATO, and the region and its roughly half-million Rusian citizens were geopolitically isolated. (...) The apparent anti-German campaign in Kaliningrad Oblast made international headlines recently when the Russian government organized an online poll to attach the names of historical figures to regional airports. In the city of Kaliningrad, which was formerly the Prussian city of Koenigsberg, the locally born 18th-century German philosopher Immanuel Kant jumped out to an early lead in the voting. That prompted a campaign against him in which the commander of the Baltic Fleet was captured on video disparaging the thinker as a 'traitor' and author of 'books none of us has read.'"

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09.12.2018

"This Afghan Man Sold His 5-Month-Old Daughter To Survive: 'Did I Have A Choice? You Tell Me.' And He's Not Alone."

https://www.rferl.org/a/life-or-death-impoverished-afghan-families-sell-children-to-survive/29645930.html

Shapoor Saber und Frud Bezhan haben mit einem afghanischen Mann gesprochen, der sich aufgrund von Verschuldung und Armut gezwungen gesehen habe, seine Tochter zu verkaufen. "The UN's children's agency (UNICEF) has said at least 161 children between the ages of 1 month and 16 years were either betrothed or married off in exchange for a dowry, or sold outright by their parents from July to October in the provinces of Badghis and neighboring Herat. UNICEF said parents were using the money to pay off debts or to buy food. The legal marriage age for girls is 16 and 18 for men, but child marriage is common in rural Afghanistan. UNICEF says incidences of child marriage and child-selling, which are not unheard of in the most impoverished and conservative areas of the war-torn country, have been exacerbated by a devastating drought. UNICEF says around 223,000 people have been uprooted from their homes in the drought-hit western provinces of Herat, Badghis, and Ghor this year."

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05.12.2018

"Putin: U.S Withdrawal From INF Is 'Ill-Considered,' Russia Will Arm Itself"

https://www.rferl.org/a/russia-officially-notified-of-u-s-intent-to-withdraw-from-inf-treaty/29638750.htm
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Russlands Präsident Putin hat sich in einer Pressekonferenz zum drohenden Ende des INF-Vertrags geäußert und angekündigt, dass Russland die Entwicklung neuer US-Raketen entsprechend beantworten wird. Den Vorwurf, dass Russland bereits jetzt gegen den INF-Vertrag verstoße, wies Putin zurück. "Putin claimed that the United States was seeking to use Russia as a scapegoat for the demise of the INF by accusing it of a violation. 'They are looking for someone to blame for this...ill-considered step,' Putin told journalists in Moscow, adding that 'no evidence of violations on our part has been provided.' (...) 'Many other countries -- there are probably more than 10 -- produce these weapons, but Russia and the United States have restricted themselves in a bilateral fashion,' he said. 'Now, evidently, our American partners believe that the situation has changed so much that the United States should also have these weapons.' 'What will be the response from our side? Very simple: We will also do this,' he said, indicating that Russia will develop and deploy weapons banned by the treaty if the United States does so."

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03.12.2018

"Standoff Over INF Treaty Enters New Phase As U.S. Reveals Details Of Russian Missile"

https://www.rferl.org/a/standoff-over-inf-treaty-enters-new-phase-as-u-s-reveals-details-of-russian-missi
le/29634906.html

Mike Eckel berichtet, dass die USA neue Details mutmaßlicher Verstöße Russlands gegen den INF-Vertrag veröffentlicht haben, um die europäischen Verbündeten von der amerikanischen Position im Streit um die Zukunft des Abkommens zu überzeugen. "The United States' top intelligence official has quietly revealed key new details about Russia's alleged violations of a bedrock Cold War nuclear treaty, an unexpected move that comes as U.S. officials push to build new support from European allies. Congress, meanwhile, is gearing up for a new fight over U.S. arms-control policy, even as President Donald Trump's administration intends to withdraw from the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty and has signaled lukewarm support for another even bigger nuclear treaty. Taken together, the developments mark a new phase in the fight between Moscow and Washington over the fate of their two nuclear arsenals, and highlight fears that the two countries are sliding into a new arms race."

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30.11.2018

"EU, NATO React Coolly To Ukraine's Call For New Moves Against Russia"

https://www.rferl.org/a/eu-nato-react-cooly-ukraine-poroshenko-call-new-moves-against-russia/29629488.htm
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EU und NATO hätten auf die ukrainische Bitte nach einer stärkeren militärischen Präsenz im Schwarzen Meer und nach neuen Sanktionen gegen Russland "kühl" reagiert, berichtet Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. "A NATO spokeswoman said on November 29 that the military alliance already has a strong presence in the Black Sea region where the incident occurred, and it has no plans to send warships into the Sea of Azov, which lies between Ukrainian and Russian territory, as requested by Poroshenko on November 28. (...) German Chancellor Angela Merkel rebuffed Poroshenko's call for increasing military pressure on Russia, saying 'we can only resolve this in talks with one another because there is no military solution to all of these conflicts.' (...) Addressing Poroshenko's demand that the European Union impose more sanctions on Russia or increase enforcement of existing sanctions against Russia and businesses and individuals in Russia-annexed Crimea, Merkel took a non-committal approach like that adopted by the EU on November 28 when it said it would 'act appropriately' as it continues to monitor the situation. (...) Merkel also dismissed a U.S. and Ukrainian suggestion that the EU increase pressure on Russia by canceling the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project to funnel Russian gas directly to Germany through the Baltic Sea, bypassing a pipeline running through Ukraine."

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19.11.2018

"UN Agency Reports Sharp Drop In Afghan Opium Production"

https://www.rferl.org/a/29609545.html

Eine schwere Dürre hat der UN zufolge dazu geführt, dass die Opiumproduktion in Afghanistan um 29% zurückgegangen ist. "The United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC) said in its annual report released November 19 that the drop - from 9,000 tons to 6,400 tons - coincided with a decrease in the amount of land area being used for cultivating the crop. The Afghanistan Opium Survey, which is jointly compiled by the UN agency and the Afghan Ministry of Counternarcotics, said a total of 263,000 hectares of land was used for opium cultivation, representing a decline of 20 percent compared to 2017. 'Despite the decreases, the overall area under opium-poppy cultivation is the second-highest ever recorded. This is a clear challenge to security and safety for the region and beyond,' said UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov."

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14.11.2018

"Azov, Ukraine's Most Prominent Ultranationalist Group, Sets Its Sights on U.S., Europe"

https://www.rferl.org/a/azov-ukraine-s-most-prominent-ultranationalist-group-sets-its-sights-on-u-s-europ
e/29600564.html

Das "ultranationalistische" ukrainische Asow-Bataillon ist Christopher Miller zufolge dabei, neue Kontakte zu anderen rechtsextremen Gruppen in Europa und den USA aufzubauen. "'We think globally,' Olena Semenyaka, the international secretary for Azov's political wing, the National Corps, told RFE/RL in an interview at one of the group's Kyiv offices last week. (...) Another thing that has helped, Hrytsenko noted, is that Ukraine's break from Russia and move toward the European Union has allowed Ukrainians visa-free travel, making Azov's outreach easier logistically. In recent months, Semenyaka and other Azov members have taken advantage of that, making several visits to EU countries to meet numerous European counterparts, according to investigations by RFE/RL and the open-source investigative group Bellingcat. (...) Semenyaka described praise of Azov from foreign ultranationalist groups who are increasingly welcoming it as evidence that the organization is taking the right path. And she said it isn't about to let up. Next, she said, Azov hopes to win over larger, more mainstream far-right and populist Western political forces who 'can be our potential sympathizers.' 'If crises like Brexit and the refugee problem continue, in this case, partnerships with nationalist groups in Europe can be a kind of platform for our entry into the European Union."

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14.11.2018

"British Muslims Urge U.K. To Grant Asylum To Pakistani Christian, Challenge 'Intolerant Voices'"

https://www.rferl.org/a/british-muslims-urge-u-k-to-grant-asylum-to-pakistani-christian-challenge-intoler
ant-voices-/29599972.html

Eine Gruppe prominenter britischer Muslime hat die Regierung in London aufgefordert, der pakistanischen Christin Asia Bibi trotz drohender Proteste durch "intolerante Stimmen" Asyl zu gewähren. "Prominent British Muslims, including three imams, have joined calls for Britain to offer asylum to Asia Bibi, a Pakistani Christian woman recently acquitted of blasphemy. A letter to British Home Secretary Sajid Javid asked him 'to make a clear and proactive statement that Britain would welcome a request for sanctuary here.' The letter, also signed by 15 members of Parliament, was made public on November 13, nearly a week after Bibi, a mother of five, was freed from prison following eight years on death row."

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08.11.2018

"Poland, Baltic States Host Their Biggest-Ever NATO Military Drills"

https://www.rferl.org/a/poland-baltic-states-host-biggest-ever-nato-military-drills/29588868.html

Polen, die baltischen Länder und weitere NATO-Verbündete haben mit insgesamt etwa 17.500 Soldaten das Großmanöver "Anakonda" begonnen. "The Polish Defense Ministry (...) said the 'Anakonda' exercise is the biggest drill the Polish forces have ever held, with 12,500 Polish troops involved at training grounds in the country. A further 5,000 soldiers from NATO member countries are taking part in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. The schedule also includes naval maneuvers in the Baltic Sea."

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07.11.2018

"Italy Working To Find Safe Home In West For Pakistani Christian Woman"

https://www.rferl.org/a/italy-working-find-safe-home-west-for-pakistani-christian-woman-bibi/29586831.htm
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Die italienische Regierung bemühe sich, der wegen Blasphemie verurteilten pakistanischen Christin Asia Bibi die sichere Ausreise in den Westen zu ermöglichen. "Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini (...), a populist politician known for his hard-line stance against illegal immigration, said Italy does not blame Pakistan's government for Bibi's plight. 'The enemy is violence, extremism, and fanaticism,' he told the radio station. 'Obviously this goes hand in hand with rejecting illegal immigration, which otherwise risks bringing chaos to Rome or Milan,' he said. Salvini spoke after the Italian branch of Aid to the Church in Need, a Vatican organization which helps persecuted Christians, released a message from Bibi's husband. 'I ask and appeal to the Italian government to help me and my family leave Pakistan because we are in danger,' Ashiq Masih was quoted as saying by the organization."

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19.10.2018

"Putin Says Russia Has Ruled Out Launching Preemptive Nuclear Strikes"

https://www.rferl.org/a/putin-says-russia-has-ruled-out-launching-preemptive-nuclear-strikes-only-use-def
ensively/29552055.html

Präsident Putin hat auf einer Podiumsdiskussion des Valdai Clubs klargestellt, dass Russland seine Atomwaffen nur einsetzen werde, wenn es selbst atomar angegriffen wird. "The comments by Putin, made October 18 at an international policy forum, jolted nuclear analysts and arms control experts who have worried that the state of U.S.-Russian relations has increased the dangers of a nuclear exchange. Putin told the forum that Moscow would only use nuclear weapons if early warning systems spotted nuclear missiles heading toward Russia. (...) The ambiguity surrounding Russia’s exact position on nuclear weapons use has been problematic for Western officials trying to understand Moscow’s intentions, according to Olga Oliker, director of the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. 'The real danger is...the Kremlin’s failure to communicate its goals effectively to leaders in Washington and elsewhere,' she wrote in an article published by Foreign Affairs, released prior to Putin’s comments."

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16.10.2018

"Militants Fail To Leave Buffer Zone In Syria's Idlib Under Russia-Turkey Deal"

https://www.rferl.org/a/militants-fail-leave-buffer-zone-syria-idlib-province-under-russia-turkey-cease-f
ire-agreement-october-15-deadline/29545827.html

Die syrische Regierung hat erneut eine Militäroffensive in der Idlib-Provinz angedroht, sollten die radikalen Rebellengruppen die zwischen der Türkei und Russland vereinbarte demilitarisierte Zone nicht verlassen. "Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al-Moualem said Syrian forces are ready to resume their fight to 'eradicate' militants who remain in Idlib, but he said Syria would give Russia time to determine whether they complied with the deal. (...) Moualem said at a press conference in Damascus that it is now up to Russia to judge whether the agreement has been fulfilled, and that may take time. 'We have to wait for the Russian reaction. Russia is monitoring and following the situation,' he said. 'Our armed forces are ready around Idlib to eradicate terrorism if the Idlib agreement is not implemented,' he said 'Idlib, as any other province, has to return to Syrian sovereignty. We prefer to have it through peaceful means, through reconciliation, but if not, there [are] other options.'"

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10.10.2018

"UN: Afghan Civilian Killings, Mostly By Insurgents, At 'Extreme Levels'"

https://www.rferl.org/a/un-afghan-civilian-killings-mostly-by-insurgents-at-extreme-levels-/29536421.html

Auch Radio Free Europe berichtet über den UN-Bericht zu den gestiegenen Opferzahlen unter Zivilisten in Afghanistan. Die Zahl der Zivilopfer in Afghanistan ist der UN zufolge auf ein "extremes" Maß angestiegen. Verantwortlich für diesen Anstieg seien überwiegend Anschläge der Aufständischen. "The United Nations says that civilian deaths in Afghanistan remain at 'extreme levels,' with the highest number recorded in the first nine months of 2018 since the same period in 2014. A new report by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) issued on October 10 has found that 2,798 civilians were killed and 5,252 were wounded between January 1 and September 30. It's a 21 percent spike compared to the same period last year, with a 46 percent increase in casualties from suicide attacks alone. Improvised explosive devices caused nearly half of all deaths and injuries, the report says, while fighting between insurgents and Afghan security forces comes next with 605 civilian deaths. Air strikes by Afghan and U.S. forces caused 313 deaths and 336 injuries."

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09.10.2018

"IMF Says U.S. Sanctions Have Pushed Iran's Economy Into Recession"

https://www.rferl.org/a/imf-says-us-sanctions-pushed-iran-economy-into-recession-cut-oil-exports/29533226
.html

Der Internationale Währungsfonds hat in seinem aktuellen World Economic Outlook die US-Sanktionen für die Rezession im Iran verantwortlich gemacht. "In May, before U.S. President Donald Trump announced that he was reinstating sanctions against Tehran, the IMF had projected Iran's economy would grow by 4 percent in 2018 and 2019. The IMF said the contraction in the Iranian economy that it now is projecting over the next two years was due to 'reduced oil production' under the sanctions. (...) While the IMF's cut in Iran's growth forecast was particularly dramatic, it also reduced its growth forecast for the Middle East region as a whole, citing the slump in the Iranian economy and increased energy costs due to soaring oil prices. The IMF also sees a darker outlook for the world economy mostly as a result of tariff wars between the United States and China, the two largest economies."

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07.10.2018

"Russia-Friendly Party, Populists Top Latvian Elections"

https://www.rferl.org/a/russia-friendly-harmony-leads-latvia-parliament-elections/29529343.html

Bei den Parlamentswahlen in Lettland ist die pro-russische Partei "Harmonie" mit einem Stimmenanteil von 19,9% als stärkste Kraft hervorgegangen. "Latvia, a member of the European Union and NATO, shares a 270-kilometer border with Russia. It has a sizable ethnic-Russian minority of around 25 percent, a legacy of nearly 50 years of Soviet occupation that ended in 1991, when the nation regained its independence. Latvia's mainstream parties have kept pro-Russia politicians from power as they sought ever closer ties with the West. At the last election, Harmony won the most seats but was excluded from power when the other parties refused to include it in any deal due to its ties with Russia."

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18.09.2018

"Islamic Dress: Europeans Say No"

https://www.rferl.org/a/islamic-dress/29496649.html

Free Europe/Radio Liberty präsentiert eine Infografik mit Umfrageergebnissen, die zeigen, dass in den meisten westeuropäischen Ländern Restriktionen für das öffentliche Tragen muslimischer Frauenkleidung befürwortet werden. "According to a recent poll, most Western Europeans support at least some restrictions on Muslim women's Islamic dress."

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12.09.2018

"In Surprise Move, Putin Proposes Signing Peace Pact With Japan This Year"

https://www.rferl.org/a/putin-proposes-signing-peace-treaty-with-japan-this-year-without-preconditions-/2
9485459.html

Russlands Präsident Putin hat Japans Premierminister Abe bei ihrem Treffen in Wladiwostok überraschend vorgeschlagen, noch in diesem Jahr ein Friedensabkommen ohne Vorbedingungen abzuschließen. "A treaty without preconditions would leave Russia in control of the disputed islands, which Russia calls the Southern Kuriles and Japan calls the Northern Territories. (...) Russian commentator Georgy Kunadze, a former deputy foreign minister, told Ekho Moskvy radio that he believes Putin was 'trolling' Abe and 'does not expect anything' to result from the proposal. The quest for the return of the islands is an emotive issue in Japan, and Kunadze suggested that Abe would never accept a deal that would be political suicide. In years of talks, Russian officials have repeatedly signaled that Japan could not hope for a swift solution and hinted that the best way to get closer to a deal was to invest in the sparsely populated, windswept islands and engage in other areas of economic cooperation."

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11.09.2018

"Explainer: Why Does The U.S. Have It Out For The International Criminal Court?"

https://www.rferl.org/a/explainer-why-does-u-s-have-it-out-for-international-criminal-court-/29484529.htm
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Ron Synovitz erläutert nach der offenen Drohung des Nationalen Sicherheitsberaters John Bolton gegen den ICC, warum die USA den Internationalen Strafgerichtshof in Den Haag so vehement ablehnen. "During the 1990s, before the ICC was established, negotiators from U.S. President Bill Clinton's administration sought to give the UN Security Council the power to screen ICC cases. Such a safeguard in the Rome Statute would have given the United States and other permanent Security Council members the ability to veto cases they opposed. But other countries refused to agree to those measures. Global Policy Forum, a nongovernmental policy watchdog monitoring the work of the UN, said that is when Washington began 'campaigning to weaken and undermine the ICC.'"

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03.09.2018

"Ukraine-NATO Joint Military Exercises Begin In Lviv Region"

https://www.rferl.org/a/ukraine-nato-joint-military-exercises-begin-in-western-region-of-lviv/29468400.ht
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Im Westen der Ukraine hat eine gemeinsame Übung von ukrainischen und NATO-Truppen begonnen. "Ukraine has begun joint military exercises with 10 NATO countries in western Ukraine amid ongoing tensions with Russia over Moscow's illegal annexation of the Crimean Peninsula and the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine between government forces and Russia-backed separatists. The Rapid Trident 2018 drills officially opened on September 3 at the Hetman Petro Sahaidachnyy National Ground Forces Academy in the western region of Lviv. Taking part are about 2,200 troops from 14 countries, including the United States and nine other NATO member states. The maneuvers are scheduled to continue until September 15."

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