US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty


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"Next Up For U.S. Weapons Supplies To Ukraine? Possibly Surface-To-Air Missiles"

Nachdem die US-Regierung im vergangenen Jahr die Lieferung von Javelin-Panzerabwehr-Raketen in die Ukraine genehmigt hat, denken US-Politiker nun offen über den Verkauf von Boden-Luft-Raketen an Kiew nach. "Any final decision would have to go through multiple approval processes at various U.S. agencies, including the U.S. Defense Department. Moreover, targets for Ukrainian surface-to-air missiles are limited for now: Russia-backed separatists don’t have fighter jets, and Russia sending its own aircraft over Ukraine would undermine its assertions that it is not involved in the conflict. Still, the move sends a clear message to the Kremlin of where Congress stands regarding the war in Ukraine. And, according to Steven Pifer, a former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine, it's a logical next step after the U.S. decision to supply Javelins to the Ukrainian armed forces. 'I don't see this as generating more problems than the arrival of the Javelins did,' Pifer, now a research fellow at Stanford University's Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, told RFE/RL. 'We're not talking about providing the Ukrainians with F-35 fighters or M-1 tanks.'"

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"Putin Says Russia Prepared To Drop Arms Control Treaty If U.S. Not Interested In Renewal"

Präsident Putin hat erklärt, dass Russland angesichts des amerikanischen Zögerns bei der Verlängerung des "New START"-Abkommens gezwungen sein könnte, auch diesen Rüstungskontrollvertrag aufzugeben. "At a meeting with the heads of international news agencies in St. Petersburg, Putin said Washington is reluctant to begin talks on extending the deal, which is due to expire in 2021. 'We do not have to extend it. Our systems can guarantee Russia's security for quite a long period of time,' Putin said. 'If no one feels like extending the New START agreement, well, we won't do it then,' the Russian president said. The pact, signed in Prague in 2010, provided for limiting to 1,550 the number of strategic nuclear warheads deployed by either country -- down almost two-thirds from the 6,000-warheads limit in the original START I treaty which entered into force in 1994 and expired in 2009. 'Everything ends in 2021,' Putin said. 'There will be no instruments left to curb the arms race.'"

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"Zelenskiy Calls For Referendum On Ukraine's NATO Membership"

Der ukrainische Präsident Zelenskiy hat sich für ein Referendum zum Nato-Beitritt des Landes ausgesprochen. "Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy has said Ukraine should hold a referendum on NATO membership, adding that the country is on a 'course toward Europe.' He made the comments during an interview conducted at a gym in Brussels on June 5 with RFE/RL correspondent Gregory Zhygalov, which also aired on Ukrainian channel 1+1. Zelenskiy also commented on his decision to reinstate former Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili's Ukrainian citizenship after it was annulled by former Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko."

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"UN Maritime Tribunal Rules Russia Must Release Ukrainian Sailors, Ships"

Der Internationale Seegerichtshof der Vereinten Nationen hat beschlossen, dass Russland die im November im Schwarzen Meer festgenommenen 24 ukrainischen Matrosen freilassen und die beschlagnahmten Schiffe an Kiew übergeben müsse. "The tribunal's decisions are legally binding, but it has no power to enforce them. The tribunal called for both Russia and Ukraine to report back on their compliance by June 25. Correspondents say the ruling is unlikely to definitively end the question of allowing Ukrainian ships full access to the Sea of Azov, which Russia has been restricting since a bridge across the Kerch Strait was completed. But Ukraine is hoping the victory will provide legal weight in its fight against Russia, which has boycotted the proceedings, saying the court has no jurisdiction. Ukraine has denied Russia's charge that the Ukrainian ships had entered Russian territorial waters illegally."

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"HRW: 'Mass Surveillance App' Used To Target Muslims In China's Xinjiang"

Die Organisation Human Rights Watch wirft der chinesischen Regierung vor, Angehörige der muslimischen Uiguren-Minderheit in der Provinz Xinjiang mit einer neuen App systematisch zu überwachen. "The New York-based watchdog said on May 2 that the mobile app is being used to 'collect a wide array of information from ordinary people in Xinjiang,' ranging from their blood type and height to their 'religious atmosphere' and political affiliation. The tool monitors people’s movements by tracing their phones, vehicles, and ID cards, and notes 'suspicious' behavior like whether an individual fails to socialize with their neighbors or uses an 'unusual' amount of electricity, according to HRW. Police in Xinjiang 'are using illegally gathered information about people's completely lawful behavior and using it against them,' said Maya Wang, HRW's senior researcher on China."

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"Venezuela Convulses And Russia Frets: What Does Moscow Stand To Lose If The Maduro Government Falls?"

Mike Eckel erläutert die Hintergründe der russischen Unterstützung für Venezuelas Präsident Maduro und verweist dabei neben wirtschaftlichen Interessen auch darauf, dass ein Sturz Maduros Moskaus Reputation beschädigen würde. "Russia and its state-owned oil giant Rosneft have invested heavily in the Venezuela's PDVSA and Venezuelan oil projects -- about $9 billion since 2010, according to Reuters. (...) 'Russia is now so deeply invested in the Maduro regime that the only realistic option is to double down,' [Alexander Gabuev of the Carnegie Moscow Center] wrote. (...) According to the Russian news agency TASS, Caracas purchased around $11 billion in armaments between 2005 and 2013. (...) It's unclear how much money Caracas still owes Russia for the weaponry. But the turmoil and any possible change in government throws in doubt whether Moscow will be paid for past deliveries, not to mention ongoing service contracts or future purchases. (...) Venezuela is a major importer of Russian grain and it is a key market for Moscow as it expands its farming exports and cuts into the market share of the United States, Brazil, and other agricultural powerhouses. (...) The Russian presence in Venezuela is a way of projecting power, with echoes of the Soviet presence in Cuba, and building relationships in Central America. It's also a way to bother the United States, which has long considered the Western Hemisphere part of its natural sphere of influence."

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"Kosovo's Leader: EU Is 'Weak,' U.S. Needed For Talks With Serbia"

Nach Ansicht des Präsidenten der Republik Kosovo ist die EU "zu schwach", um den Konflikt seines Landes mit Serbien beizulegen. Nach dem Treffen mit Bundeskanzlerin Merkel, Präsident Macron und anderen europäischen Führungspersönlichkeiten in Berlin hat sich Hashim Thaci deshalb für eine Einbeziehung der USA ausgesprochen. "Thaci said after a meeting with EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini in Berlin that 'the European Union is too weak and disunited to move things forward in the Western Balkans.' He added that 'no talks or agreement are possible without the participation of the United States of America.' Thaci, who is in the German capital for talks with Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic, Mogherini, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and French President Emmanuel Macron, also met with U.S. Ambassador to Germany Richard Grenell."

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"Afghan Civilian Casualties Down; Coalition Forces Killed More Than Taliban"

Einem neuen UN-Bericht zufolge haben das US-Militär und afghanische Regierungstruppen in einer seit 2009 regelmäßig erfassten Dreimonatsperiode zum ersten Mal mehr Zivilisten getötet als die Taliban und andere Aufständische. Insgesamt sei die Zahl der Opfer zugleich um fast 25 Prozent gesunken. "The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) noted that civilian casualties from the war in Afghanistan fell by almost 25 percent during the first three months of 2019 compared to the same period a year earlier – with a total of 581 civilians killed and 1,192 wounded. When the number of civilians killed and wounded were combined, the UNAMA report says attacks by Taliban and other militants still caused more casualties than pro-government forces."

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"'An Electoral Maidan': Hope And Change, Ukrainian-Style, Vaults Zelenskiy Into Presidency"

Der Herausforderer Volodymyr Zelenskiy hat Amtsinhaber Poroschenko bei der Stichwahl zur ukrainischen Präsidentschaft überraschend deutlich geschlagen. Einige Experten erinnert das Ergebnis an den Euromaidan von 2014. "'The absolute majority of Ukrainians again, just as they did five years ago, want radical political change. In that sense, this was a kind of Maidan -- but an electoral one,' Ukrainian political analyst Volodymyr Fesenko told RFE/RL, referring to the central Kyiv square at the heart of the 2013-14 protests that helped oust Russia-friendly President Viktor Yanukovych and paved the way for Poroshenko’s election. (...) [Zelenskiy] said that his top priority as president would be to secure from Russia the release of all Ukrainian prisoners of war and other prisoners and pledged to 'reboot' the Minsk process for resolving the conflict in parts of eastern Ukraine. 'Our first task is the liberation of our prisoners,' he said. 'I will do everything to get our boys home. All our prisoners, without exception.'"

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"Serbia, Kosovo Mark Anniversary Of NATO Bombings, But View It Very Differently"

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty berichtet, wie unterschiedlich Serbien und Kosovo sich an den 20. Jahrestag des NATO-Luftkriegs von 1999 erinnern. "Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic blasted NATO’s 1999 bombing campaign of his country, claiming it was 'a crime' that led to the deaths of 2,500 civilians and billions of dollars in damage. However, neighboring Kosovo, which was the beneficiary of the attack, on March 24 said it will 'forever be grateful' to the Western military alliance and the United States for intervening to help stop the bloodshed in the region. Serbia and Kosovo were both marking the 20th anniversary of NATO’s 78-day air campaign in what was then the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The onslaught began on March 24, 1999, and helped end Belgrade's crackdown against ethnic Albanians in its then-province Kosovo."

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"Pentagon Planning To Test Long-Banned Missiles After INF Pullout"

Das Pentagon plant, in diesem Sommer eine neue Mittelstreckenrakete zu testen, deren Typ bislang vom INF-Vertrag verboten war. "'We're going to test a ground-launched cruise missile in August,' a senior defense official, who declined to be named, was quoted by Reuters as saying on March 13. Pentagon officials spoke to a small group of reporters on the condition that they would not be identified. The United States on February 2 launched the six-month process of leaving the INF Treaty after Washington and NATO repeatedly accused Moscow of violating the accord by developing the 9M729 cruise missile, also known as the SSC-8. (...) The U.S. cruise missile to be tested in August will have a range of 1,000 kilometers, Reuters quoted a Pentagon official as saying. If the test proves successful, the missile could be deployed in about 18 months, the official said."

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"After The Caliphate: To Repatriate Or Not To Repatriate?"

Europäische Regierungen gehen Ron Synovitz zufolge unterschiedlich mit der Frage um, wie mit aus Europa stammenden Anhängern des "Islamischen Staates" umgegangen werden sollte, die nach dem Kollaps des IS-Kalifats in Syrien und Irak festsitzen. "Trump specifically called upon 'Britain, France, Germany, and other European allies' to 'step up and do the job' to ensure that captured IS extremists face trial in their countries of origin. 'The alternative is not a good one in that we will be forced to release them,' Trump tweeted. But in the two weeks since Trump tweeted those remarks, many EU countries have said that captured IS fighters and their family members should be prosecuted where their alleged crimes occurred. That means mostly in Syria or Iraq. The European Commission says more than 42,000 foreign fighters joined terrorist organizations from 2011 to 2016 -- mostly the so-called Islamic State. It says about 5,000 were thought to be from Europe. EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini has ruled out any EU role in the repatriation dispute. She says the issue is one to be decided by national governments.“

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"White House Now Says 400 'Peacekeepers' To Remain In Syria, Up From 200"

Das Weiße Haus hat angekündigt, dass 400 US-Soldaten nach einem Abzug des US-Militärs aus Syrien als "Friedenstruppe" vor Ort bleiben sollen. "A White House official on February 22 confirmed the revised number and said they will be based as part of the Tanf garrison in northeastern Syria. White House press secretary Sarah Sanders on February 21 had said that a 'peacekeeping' group of about 200 troops would remain in Syria for a 'period of time.' There was no immediate explanation for the revised figure of troops. The U.S.-backed, Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) hailed the U.S. decision to keep military personnel in northern Syria as a 'positive' sign, saying it might encourage other members of the U.S.-led coalition to maintain forces in the country."

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"UN Official Says Peace Negotiations For Ukraine Have 'Lost Momentum'"

Die laufenden Verhandlungen zur Lösung des Ukraine-Konflikts sind dem stellvertretenden UN-Generalsekretär Miroslav Jenca zufolge ins Stocken geraten, da beide Seiten in wichtigen Fragen nicht zu Kompromissen bereit seien. "A top UN official said the negotiations aimed at implementing the 2015 Minsk accords and ending the conflict in eastern Ukraine have lost momentum. Assistant Secretary-General Miroslav Jenca made the comment in a speech before the UN Security Council on February 12, at an event marking the fourth anniversary of the accords. Jenca said negotiations 'appear to have lost momentum' and that neither Russia nor Ukraine appear to be willing to agree on key steps forward. The conflict, which erupted in 2014 at around the same time that Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea Peninsula, has killed more than 10,000 people and displaced more than 1 million.“

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"NATO To Sign Accession Pact With Macedonia, Paving Way For Membership"

Die NATO hat nach der Einigung im Namensstreit zwischen Mazedonien und Griechenland einen Beitrittspakt mit Mazedonien unterschrieben. "Macedonia has said it expects Greece to be the first NATO member to ratify the accession protocol, after which the country will begin to call itself by its new, agreed-upon name. Macedonia and Greece approved an agreement under which Macedonia agreed to change its name to the Republic of North Macedonia. Since 1991, Greece has objected to the name 'Macedonia' because it has a northern province with that name. The name change deal, dubbed the Prespa agreement after the border lake where it was signed last year, ends a 27-year dispute between the two neighbors. A NATO official told AFP that after the signing of the accession protocol, 'the accession process then moves to the capitals of the 29 allies, where the protocol will be ratified according to national procedures.' 'Once that process is completed,' the official said, 'the country will become a full member.'"

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"Interview: Russia's Ties To Venezuela Give It 'Nuisance Power' Over The U.S."

Der Lateinamerikaexperte Mikael Wigell vom Finnish Institute of International Affairs erklärt in diesem Interview, dass Russland mit der Unterstützung von Präsident Maduro in Venezuela neben der Vertretung handfester ökonomischer Interessen vor allem versuche, ein regionales "Ärgernis" für die USA zu schaffen. "(...) Moscow's interest in Venezuela is driven by its quite tense relations with the United States and it wants to [provide a counterbalance to] the United States. Establishing close relations with Venezuela gives Moscow a certain nuisance power in relation to the United States, and that can be used as a bargaining chip in future dealings with the United States. It also can be kind of a showcase for Russia's aspirations to be considered a global power. But Russia also has certain economic interests in Venezuela which have to do with its arms sales. Venezuela is a big purchaser of Russian arms, and Russia has also gained very favorable assets and contracts in Venezuela's oil-and-gas sector."

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"Under Moscow Pressure, Could Belarus's Balancing Act Come Crashing Down?"

Robert Coalson berichtet, dass die jüngsten diplomatischen Aktivitäten zwischen Russland und Weißrussland Spekulationen über eine bevorstehende Wiedervereinigung beider Länder ausgelöst hätten. "However, many analysts see the current activity as part of a larger pattern spanning the two countries' entire post-Soviet history, in which Lukashenka deftly offers or withholds his support for Moscow in complex bargaining for the Russian economic subsidies on which his country relies. Kenneth Yalowitz, a fellow at the Wilson Center in Washington who served as U.S. ambassador to Belarus in the 1990s, told RFE/RL that Lukashenka's appetite for merger is at a low ebb since Russia's 2014 annexation of Ukraine's Crimea region and Moscow's involvement in the military conflict in eastern Ukraine. At the same time, he noted, Russia's economy is groaning under the strain of Western sanctions and other priority projects for Putin, leaving Moscow unable to bear the cost of absorbing Belarus's basket-case economy. (...) in Russia the prospect of taking on the Belarus economic project would likely not be greeted as enthusiastically as the annexation of Crimea was by a population that has seen significant tax hikes and a painful increase in retirement ages in the last few months."

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"Russians Hold Protests Against Possible Kuriles Handover"

Vor dem Hintergrund der laufenden Verhandlungen zwischen Russland und Japan zur Beilegung des Kurilenkonflikts haben tausende Demonstranten in Moskau und anderen Städten gegen eine mögliche Übergabe östlicher Gebiete an Japan protestiert. "The Soviet Union seized the four southernmost Kurile Islands from Japan in the closing days of World War II. The dispute over them has prevented the two countries from signing a peace treaty formally ending the hostilities. In November, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe agreed to accelerate negotiations based on a 1956 Soviet proposal to return the two less populated islands, Shikotan, and a group of islets called Habomai. 'Any mention of handing over the Kuriles…is nothing but an act of treason,' speaker Igor Skurlatov told the rally in Moscow, during which the participants chanted slogans such as, 'The Kuriles are Russian soil.' 'Today we give away the Kuriles, tomorrow we give away Crimea,' he added, referring to the Ukrainian region that Russia occupied and annexed in 2014."

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"Russia Condemns British Plans To Build Military Bases"

Russland hat angesichts der britischen Pläne zur Errichtung neuer Militärstützpunkte in der Karibik und in Südostasien mögliche Gegenmaßnahmen in Aussicht gestellt. "British Defense Minister Gavin Williamson told the Sunday Telegraph in December that Britain could establish the new military bases 'within the next couple of years' after the country leaves the European Union. Williamson said the expansion would be part of a strategy for Britain to become a 'true global player' after Brexit. (...) Speaking on January 11, Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswomen Maria Zakharova said Williamson's comments were baffling and warned that such plans could destabilize world affairs. 'Of course, Britain like any other country is independent when it comes to its military construction plans. But against the backdrop of overall rising military and political tensions in the world ... statements about the desire to build up its military presence in third countries are counterproductive, destabilizing, and possibly of a provocational nature,' she was quoted as saying by TASS. Russia has military bases in several former Soviet countries. It also operates military facilities in Syria and Vietnam."

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"Putin, Merkel Agree To Coordinate Syria Peace Efforts Amid U.S. Troop Pullout"

Bundeskanzlerin Merkel und Präsident Putin haben telefonisch vereinbart, ihre Bemühungen zur Beilegung des Konflikts in Syrien zu koordinieren. "Russian President Vladimir Putin and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have agreed in a telephone call to coordinate efforts to work toward peace in Syria, the Kremlin says. 'The desire was expressed to advance the political processes in close coordination with the United Nations, in order to solve the Syrian crisis in the long term,' the Kremlin said on January 9. Merkel and Putin also discussed the formation of a constitutional committee for Syria, which is to work out a new constitution for the war-torn country, repeating issues they covered during a phone call at the end of December and at an October summit in Istanbul involving Russia, Germany, Turkey, and France."

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"The Destruction Of Ukraine's Nuclear Arsenal"

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty erinnert mit dieser Bildergalerie an die Zerstörung der ukrainischen Atomwaffen vor 25 Jahren. "Twenty-five years ago, Ukraine possessed the world’s third-largest nuclear arsenal. It had inherited 175 long-range missiles and more than 1,800 warheads after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Following two years of talks been the United States, Russia, and Ukraine, U.S. President Bill Clinton announced a breakthrough on January 10, 1994. Ukraine had agreed to remove all nuclear weapons from its soil in exchange for assurances that Russia would respect its sovereignty."

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Text"Trump Gives No Timetable For Syria Withdrawal, Vows To Protect Kurdish Fighters"

US-Präsident Trump will auf einen festen Zeitplan für den angekündigten Truppenabzug aus Syrien verzichten. "U.S. President Donald Trump has said U.S. forces will withdraw from Syria 'over a period of time,' insisting he wants to protect U.S.-backed Kurdish fighters battling the Islamic State (IS) extremist group. Trump did not provide a timetable for the planned withdrawal of roughly 2,000 U.S. troops in Syria, which he announced last month against the advice of many top security advisers and reportedly without consulting lawmakers or U.S. allies involved in operations against IS militants."

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"North Korea Warns Of 'New Path' If U.S. Insists On Sanctions"

In seiner Neujahrsansprache hat Nordkoreas Staatschef Kim Jong Un mit dem Ende des bisherigen Verhandlungsprozesses mit den USA gedroht, sollte die US-Regierung weiter auf "unilateralen Forderungen" und neuen Sanktionen bestehen. "Kim praised his June 2018 summit with U.S. President Donald Trump in Singapore, where the leaders had 'fruitful talks' and 'exchanged constructive ideas.' He also said he was ready to meet again with Trump 'at any time in the future.' Kim also called on the United States to extend its halt on military exercises with South Korea. He added that the United States 'continues to break its promises and misjudges our patience by unilaterally demanding certain things and pushing ahead with sanctions and pressure.' At the June summit, Kim and Trump agreed to a vague pledge to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula, but little progress has been made on the issue in recent months."

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"Putin Open To Other States Joining Russia-U.S. Nuclear Pact"

Präsident Putin hat im Streit um den INF-Vertrag seine grundsätzliche Bereitschaft erklärt, andere Länder in einen Vertrag zur Rüstungskontrolle einzubinden. "Speaking at a Defense Ministry meeting, Putin said there was nothing to stop Russia and the United States from holding talks with other countries about the possibility of them joining the INF Treaty in a bid to salvage it. 'Yes, indeed, there are certain difficulties with this treaty,' Putin said. 'Other countries possessing short- and intermediate-range missiles are not party to it. 'But what prevents [us] from starting talks on their accession to the existing treaty or starting to negotiate the parameters of a new treaty?' Putin asked. He also said that Russia could easily make and deploy land-based intermediate-range missiles if the United States ditched the accord. 'Whatever the complaints about the treaty, in the current conditions it plays a stabilizing role [and] works to support a certain level of predictability and restraint in the military sphere,' the Russian president said."

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"Don't Look Back: De-Germanification Campaign Gains Steam In Russia's Kaliningrad"

Yulia Paramonova und Robert Coalson berichten, dass sich die Behörden in Kaliningrad offenbar bemühen, das deutsche Erbe der russischen Exklave systematisch aus dem öffentlichen Gedächtnis zu entfernen. "In fact, the entire region seems to have been closing the door for years on its German past, an effort that has noticeably gathered steam in recent months. Kaliningrad Oblast was annexed into the Soviet Union from Germany after the end of World War II as an exclave of the Russian soviet republic. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Baltic states and Poland joined the European Union and NATO, and the region and its roughly half-million Rusian citizens were geopolitically isolated. (...) The apparent anti-German campaign in Kaliningrad Oblast made international headlines recently when the Russian government organized an online poll to attach the names of historical figures to regional airports. In the city of Kaliningrad, which was formerly the Prussian city of Koenigsberg, the locally born 18th-century German philosopher Immanuel Kant jumped out to an early lead in the voting. That prompted a campaign against him in which the commander of the Baltic Fleet was captured on video disparaging the thinker as a 'traitor' and author of 'books none of us has read.'"

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"This Afghan Man Sold His 5-Month-Old Daughter To Survive: 'Did I Have A Choice? You Tell Me.' And He's Not Alone."

Shapoor Saber und Frud Bezhan haben mit einem afghanischen Mann gesprochen, der sich aufgrund von Verschuldung und Armut gezwungen gesehen habe, seine Tochter zu verkaufen. "The UN's children's agency (UNICEF) has said at least 161 children between the ages of 1 month and 16 years were either betrothed or married off in exchange for a dowry, or sold outright by their parents from July to October in the provinces of Badghis and neighboring Herat. UNICEF said parents were using the money to pay off debts or to buy food. The legal marriage age for girls is 16 and 18 for men, but child marriage is common in rural Afghanistan. UNICEF says incidences of child marriage and child-selling, which are not unheard of in the most impoverished and conservative areas of the war-torn country, have been exacerbated by a devastating drought. UNICEF says around 223,000 people have been uprooted from their homes in the drought-hit western provinces of Herat, Badghis, and Ghor this year."

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"Putin: U.S Withdrawal From INF Is 'Ill-Considered,' Russia Will Arm Itself"

Russlands Präsident Putin hat sich in einer Pressekonferenz zum drohenden Ende des INF-Vertrags geäußert und angekündigt, dass Russland die Entwicklung neuer US-Raketen entsprechend beantworten wird. Den Vorwurf, dass Russland bereits jetzt gegen den INF-Vertrag verstoße, wies Putin zurück. "Putin claimed that the United States was seeking to use Russia as a scapegoat for the demise of the INF by accusing it of a violation. 'They are looking for someone to blame for this...ill-considered step,' Putin told journalists in Moscow, adding that 'no evidence of violations on our part has been provided.' (...) 'Many other countries -- there are probably more than 10 -- produce these weapons, but Russia and the United States have restricted themselves in a bilateral fashion,' he said. 'Now, evidently, our American partners believe that the situation has changed so much that the United States should also have these weapons.' 'What will be the response from our side? Very simple: We will also do this,' he said, indicating that Russia will develop and deploy weapons banned by the treaty if the United States does so."

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"Standoff Over INF Treaty Enters New Phase As U.S. Reveals Details Of Russian Missile"

Mike Eckel berichtet, dass die USA neue Details mutmaßlicher Verstöße Russlands gegen den INF-Vertrag veröffentlicht haben, um die europäischen Verbündeten von der amerikanischen Position im Streit um die Zukunft des Abkommens zu überzeugen. "The United States' top intelligence official has quietly revealed key new details about Russia's alleged violations of a bedrock Cold War nuclear treaty, an unexpected move that comes as U.S. officials push to build new support from European allies. Congress, meanwhile, is gearing up for a new fight over U.S. arms-control policy, even as President Donald Trump's administration intends to withdraw from the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty and has signaled lukewarm support for another even bigger nuclear treaty. Taken together, the developments mark a new phase in the fight between Moscow and Washington over the fate of their two nuclear arsenals, and highlight fears that the two countries are sliding into a new arms race."

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"EU, NATO React Coolly To Ukraine's Call For New Moves Against Russia"

EU und NATO hätten auf die ukrainische Bitte nach einer stärkeren militärischen Präsenz im Schwarzen Meer und nach neuen Sanktionen gegen Russland "kühl" reagiert, berichtet Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. "A NATO spokeswoman said on November 29 that the military alliance already has a strong presence in the Black Sea region where the incident occurred, and it has no plans to send warships into the Sea of Azov, which lies between Ukrainian and Russian territory, as requested by Poroshenko on November 28. (...) German Chancellor Angela Merkel rebuffed Poroshenko's call for increasing military pressure on Russia, saying 'we can only resolve this in talks with one another because there is no military solution to all of these conflicts.' (...) Addressing Poroshenko's demand that the European Union impose more sanctions on Russia or increase enforcement of existing sanctions against Russia and businesses and individuals in Russia-annexed Crimea, Merkel took a non-committal approach like that adopted by the EU on November 28 when it said it would 'act appropriately' as it continues to monitor the situation. (...) Merkel also dismissed a U.S. and Ukrainian suggestion that the EU increase pressure on Russia by canceling the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project to funnel Russian gas directly to Germany through the Baltic Sea, bypassing a pipeline running through Ukraine."

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"UN Agency Reports Sharp Drop In Afghan Opium Production"

Eine schwere Dürre hat der UN zufolge dazu geführt, dass die Opiumproduktion in Afghanistan um 29% zurückgegangen ist. "The United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC) said in its annual report released November 19 that the drop - from 9,000 tons to 6,400 tons - coincided with a decrease in the amount of land area being used for cultivating the crop. The Afghanistan Opium Survey, which is jointly compiled by the UN agency and the Afghan Ministry of Counternarcotics, said a total of 263,000 hectares of land was used for opium cultivation, representing a decline of 20 percent compared to 2017. 'Despite the decreases, the overall area under opium-poppy cultivation is the second-highest ever recorded. This is a clear challenge to security and safety for the region and beyond,' said UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov."

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Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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