US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

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12.09.2018

"In Surprise Move, Putin Proposes Signing Peace Pact With Japan This Year"

https://www.rferl.org/a/putin-proposes-signing-peace-treaty-with-japan-this-year-without-preconditions-/2
9485459.html

Russlands Präsident Putin hat Japans Premierminister Abe bei ihrem Treffen in Wladiwostok überraschend vorgeschlagen, noch in diesem Jahr ein Friedensabkommen ohne Vorbedingungen abzuschließen. "A treaty without preconditions would leave Russia in control of the disputed islands, which Russia calls the Southern Kuriles and Japan calls the Northern Territories. (...) Russian commentator Georgy Kunadze, a former deputy foreign minister, told Ekho Moskvy radio that he believes Putin was 'trolling' Abe and 'does not expect anything' to result from the proposal. The quest for the return of the islands is an emotive issue in Japan, and Kunadze suggested that Abe would never accept a deal that would be political suicide. In years of talks, Russian officials have repeatedly signaled that Japan could not hope for a swift solution and hinted that the best way to get closer to a deal was to invest in the sparsely populated, windswept islands and engage in other areas of economic cooperation."

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11.09.2018

"Explainer: Why Does The U.S. Have It Out For The International Criminal Court?"

https://www.rferl.org/a/explainer-why-does-u-s-have-it-out-for-international-criminal-court-/29484529.htm
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Ron Synovitz erläutert nach der offenen Drohung des Nationalen Sicherheitsberaters John Bolton gegen den ICC, warum die USA den Internationalen Strafgerichtshof in Den Haag so vehement ablehnen. "During the 1990s, before the ICC was established, negotiators from U.S. President Bill Clinton's administration sought to give the UN Security Council the power to screen ICC cases. Such a safeguard in the Rome Statute would have given the United States and other permanent Security Council members the ability to veto cases they opposed. But other countries refused to agree to those measures. Global Policy Forum, a nongovernmental policy watchdog monitoring the work of the UN, said that is when Washington began 'campaigning to weaken and undermine the ICC.'"

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03.09.2018

"Ukraine-NATO Joint Military Exercises Begin In Lviv Region"

https://www.rferl.org/a/ukraine-nato-joint-military-exercises-begin-in-western-region-of-lviv/29468400.ht
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Im Westen der Ukraine hat eine gemeinsame Übung von ukrainischen und NATO-Truppen begonnen. "Ukraine has begun joint military exercises with 10 NATO countries in western Ukraine amid ongoing tensions with Russia over Moscow's illegal annexation of the Crimean Peninsula and the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine between government forces and Russia-backed separatists. The Rapid Trident 2018 drills officially opened on September 3 at the Hetman Petro Sahaidachnyy National Ground Forces Academy in the western region of Lviv. Taking part are about 2,200 troops from 14 countries, including the United States and nine other NATO member states. The maneuvers are scheduled to continue until September 15."

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31.08.2018

"Tens Of Thousands Attend Funeral For Slain Ukraine Separatist Leader Zakharchenko"

https://www.rferl.org/a/tens-of-thousands-attend-funeral-for-slain-ukraine-separatist-leader-zakharchenko
/29466598.html

Zehntausende Menschen haben sich am Sonntag in Donezk versammelt, um den bei einem Anschlag getöteten Rebellenführer Aleksandr Zakharchenko öffentlich zu betrauern. "Aleksandr Zakharchenko, the head of the separatists who control the city of Donetsk, was killed in an explosion at a cafe on August 31. The killing was the latest in a series of violent deaths of separatist officials and commanders in eastern Ukraine, where the Moscow-backed separatists have been fighting Ukrainian forces since April 2014 in a war that has killed more than 10,300. Many of the assassinations have been blamed on fellow separatists. Kyiv and Moscow have traded blame for Zakharchenko's death."

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30.08.2018

"Thousands In Pakistan Protest Dutch Prophet Muhammad Cartoon Contest"

https://www.rferl.org/a/thousands-pakistan-protest-dutch-prophet-muhammad-cartoon-contest-wilders/2946100
2.html

In Pakistan ist es zu Massenprotesten gegen einen geplanten Cartoon-Wettbewerb in den Niederlanden gekommen. "An estimated 10,000 Pakistanis have protested in Lahore over a Dutch politician's plans to hold a cartoon competition featuring caricatures of the Muslim Prophet Muhammad, with more mass protests expected in the coming days. (...) Physical depictions of Allah or the Prophet, even positive ones, are forbidden in Islam and considered deeply offensive. Pakistan's newly elected government has denounced the Dutch cartoon contest, calling it an attempt to defame Islam. (...) emotions have been running high over the matter in Pakistan, where blasphemy is punishable by death and where the mere accusation of it can cause lynchings. A former Pakistani cricketer, Khalid Latif, has offered a $28,000 reward for anyone who would 'kill the Dutchmen' behind the cartoon contest."

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28.08.2018

"France Calls On EU To Not Rely On U.S. Defense, Reach Out To Russia"

https://www.rferl.org/a/france-says-eu-should-not-rely-us-military-defense-reach-out-russia/29456958.html

Der französische Präsident Macron hat den EU-Ländern empfohlen, sich nicht länger auf den sicherheitspolitischen Schutz durch die USA zu verlassen und militärisch enger zu kooperieren. Zudem sollte sich Europa Macron zufolge um eine neue strategische Partnerschaft mit Russland bemühen. "Although the did not call for any break with NATO, the U.S.-led military alliance that has been the foundation of Western European security since World War II, Macron called for Europe to build a 'strategic partnership' with Russia, despite differences with the Kremlin over Ukraine, Syria and other issues. He qualified his call for talks with Russia, however, by saying Moscow must first make progress on putting an end to the conflict between the Ukrainian government and Russia-backed separatists in eastern Ukraine."

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07.08.2018

"Sea Of Troubles: Azov Emerging As 'Tinderbox' In Russia-Ukraine Conflict"

https://www.rferl.org/a/sea-of-troubles-azov-emerging-as-tinderbox-in-russia-ukraine-conflict/29417753.ht
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Das Asowsche Meer entwickle sich immer mehr zu einem neuen Brennpunkt im Konflikt zwischen Russland und der Ukraine, berichtet Christopher Miller. "(...) now tensions are spilling into the sea that washes the 300-kilometer shoreline Ukraine still controls after the annexation of Crimea. The Sea of Azov, a rich fishing ground in Soviet times that has been of great strategic importance to independent Ukraine, has emerged after months of growing friction as the latest flash point in the four-year conflict between Moscow and Kyiv. (...) Russia launched the opening salvo here in 2016, with its $3.7 billion Crimean Bridge project to link that occupied Ukrainian peninsula with southern Russia across the Kerch Strait -- the gate to the Azov. (...) 'We have Russian vessels floating nearby, ready to attack from the sea. And each provocation may turn this situation into a war,' Galina Odnorog, a co-founder of the Mariupol Social Movement, a local non-governmental organization focused on issues related to the Sea of Azov, told RFE/RL. 'We are in a tinderbox.' And there might be little, if anything, Ukraine can do about it."

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04.08.2018

"UN Confirms Return Of Peacekeepers To Syrian-Israeli Border"

https://www.rferl.org/a/un-confirms-return-peacekeepers-syrian-israeli-border-golan-heights/29411105.html

Nachdem sie sich vor sechs Jahren aufgrund des Kriegs in Syrien zurückziehen mussten, haben UN-Blauhelme ihre Positionen in der Pufferzone der Golanhöhen nun wieder eingenommen. "United Nations has confirmed Russia's claim that UN peacekeepers have returned to a buffer zone on the border between Syria and the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights for the first time in six years. UN spokesman Farhan Haq said on August 3 that the force, known as UNDOF, is 'implementing a gradual return' to the area. 'The ultimate goal for UNDOF is full return, conditions permitting,' he said, adding that a key goal for the peacekeepers is the reopening of the Quneitra crossing between the two countries. UNDOF had patrolled the Golan Heights area until 2012 under a 1974 cease-fire deal between Israel and Syria that created a UN-monitored buffer zone between the two countries following the Arab-Israeli War of 1973."

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28.07.2018

"Mattis: U.S. Not Pursuing Regime Change In Iran"

https://www.rferl.org/a/mattis-u-s-not-pursuing-regime-change-in-iran/29395354.html

US-Verteidigungsminister Mattis hat noch einmal versichert, dass die USA keinen Regimewechsel in Iran anstreben. "Asked whether the U.S. administration had created a regime change or collapse policy, Mattis said on July 27, 'There's none that's been instituted.' He said the goal of the United States was to change Iran’s behavior, as stated by other U.S. officials. 'We need them to change their behavior on a number of threats that they can pose with their military, with their secret services, with their surrogates, and with their proxies,' Mattis said during an off-camera briefing at the Pentagon. Mattis's remarks followed high-level discussions at the White House that included the issue of Iran."

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17.07.2018

"Russia, Ukraine In EU-Backed Talks To Avoid New 'Gas Wars'"

https://www.rferl.org/a/russia-ukraine-in-eu-backed-talks-to-avoid-new-gas-wars-/29371525.html

Vertreter der EU, Russlands und der Ukraine haben in Berlin Gespräche geführt, um den Transit von russischem Erdgas durch die Ukraine auch künftig zu sichern. "Russian gas giant Gazprom has already dramatically reduced the volume of gas transiting via Ukraine, as Moscow and Kyiv remain at loggerheads over Russia's annexation of Ukraine's Crimea region and its support for separatists in eastern Ukraine. Kyiv is concerned about the loss of revenue from transit taxes and being left out of routes for new gas pipelines. The talks will focus on Gazprom's plan to build the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline and put it into operation by the end of next year. Nord Stream 2 would bring gas to Germany via the Baltic Sea, bypassing Ukraine. The pipeline will follow the course of the existing Nord Stream 1 and will double the quantity of Russian gas imported by Germany -- the European Union's most powerful economy -- via this route."

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03.07.2018

"Military Spending: Russia Vs NATO"

http://https://www.rferl.org/a/29336382.html

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty vergleicht in dieser Infografik die Militärausgaben Russlands mit den Ausgaben der europäischen NATO-Länder. "Russia, one of the world’s top military spenders, reduced its defense budget by 20 percent in 2016-2017 to $55.3 billion. Here's how it compares to NATO's European members."

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28.06.2018

"Kremlin: Putin-Trump Summit Set For Helsinki On July 16"

https://www.rferl.org/a/white-house-kremlin-jointly-announce-putin-trump-summit/29324935.html

Das Weiße Haus und der Kreml haben ein Gipfeltreffen zwischen Donald Trump und Wladimir Putin am 16. Juli in Helsinki angekündigt. "'The two leaders will discuss relations between the United States and Russia and a range of national security issues,' the White House said in a statement. Putin and Trump will discuss U.S.-Russia relations as well as international issues, the Kremlin said, according to Russian news agencies. (...) Earlier on July 27, Bolton told a news conference after holding talks with Putin that Trump will raise a 'full range of issues' with Russia's leader, including alleged Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, something Moscow has denied, and the conflicts in Ukraine and Syria. Bolton told the news conference that 'both President Trump and President Putin feel that it is important for these two leaders of these critically important countries to get together and discuss their mutual problems and areas of cooperation.' 'It is something that both feel will contribute to the U.S.-Russia bilateral relationship and civility around the world,' he added."

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24.06.2018

"U.S. Security Adviser’s Moscow Trip Seen As Prelude To Trump Meeting With Putin"

https://www.rferl.org/a/bolton-moscow-trump-russia-summit-preparation/29316851.html

John Bolton, nationaler Sicherheitsberater von Präsident Trump, wird im Zuge seiner Europa-Reise auch nach Moskau fahren, um das Treffen zwischen Trump und Wladimir Putin vorzubereiten. "Bolton is scheduled to first meet with U.S. allies on June 25-26 in London and Rome before moving on to Moscow on June 27. U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a television interview over the weekend that Trump was likely to meet Putin 'in the not-too-distant future.' The location of such a meeting has not been set, although officials have said it could take place in Vienna. An Austrian newspaper said teams from the United States and Russia were already in Vienna preparing for a July 15 meeting between the two leaders."

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16.06.2018

"U.S. Warns Of 'Terrorism' Risk During World Cup In Russia"

https://www.rferl.org/a/us-warns-terrorism-risk-world-cup-venues-stadiums-train-stations-airports-russia/
29292547.html

Dem US-Außenministerium zufolge muss die am Freitag eröffnete Fußball-WM in Russland wie andere Großveranstaltungen zuvor als potentielles Ziel von Terroranschlägen betrachtet werden. "The U.S. State Department is warning that 'terrorists' may target World Cup venues in Russia, which is hosting the monthlong soccer tournament, but it did not point to any specific threat. In a travel advisory issued late on June 15, the department urged U.S. citizens to reconsider traveling to Russia due to the threat of 'terrorism' as well as 'harassment and extortion' from law enforcement and other Russian officials. 'Large-scale international events such as the World Cup present an attractive target for terrorists,' the department said. (...) The Islamic State extremist group has threatened to disrupt the games in social-media postings since late last year. Russian officials say they are prepared, and have stationed tens of thousands of security personnel in Moscow and the other 10 Russian cities that are hosting games."

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13.06.2018

"Norway Asks For Doubling Of U.S. Troops, Deployed Closer To Russia"

https://www.rferl.org/a/norway-asks-doubling-us-troops-deployed-closer-russia-/29287685.html

Norwegen will die USA offenbar bitten, zusätzliche US-Truppen in der Nähe der Grenze zu Russland zu stationieren. "Nine nations along NATO's eastern flank last week called for an increased presence by the military alliance in their region amid concerns about Russian aggression. Some 330 U.S. Marines currently are scheduled to leave Norway at the end of this year after an initial contingent arrived in January 2017 to train for fighting in winter conditions. They were the first foreign troops to be stationed in Norway, a member of NATO, since World War II. (...) Norwegian Foreign Minister Ine Eriksen Soereide told reporters on June 12 that the decision to increase the U.S. presence has broad support in parliament and does not constitute the establishment of a permanent U.S. base in Norway."

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06.06.2018

"Italy's New Prime Minister Calls For Ending Some EU Sanctions On Russia"

https://www.rferl.org/a/italy-new-prime-minister-conte-calls-end-some-eu-sanctions-russia-stop-illegal-im
migration-/29274541.html

Der neue Premierminister Italiens, Giuseppe Conte, hat sich für eine teilweise Aufhebung der Sanktionen gegen Russland ausgesprochen. "'We'll be the advocates of an opening toward Russia,' including ending European Union sanctions against Russia that hurt 'civil society,' Conte said in an address to senators in Rome after the upper chamber of parliament voted to support the new populist coalition government in a 171-to-117 confidence vote on June 5. (...) 'We will promote a review of the sanctions system' in meetings with other EU members, making good on campaign pledges to improve ties with Russia, Conte said. 'The truth is that we have created a radical change and we're proud of it.'"

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29.05.2018

"India, Top Iranian Oil Importer, Says Will Not Heed U.S. Sanctions"

https://www.rferl.org/a/india-top-iranian-oil-importer-says-will-not-honor-us-sanctions-swaraj/29256213.h
tml

Indien hat angekündigt, neue US-Sanktionen gegen den Iran zu ignorieren und weiterhin iranisches Erdöl zu importieren. "India will keep trading with Iran and Venezuela despite the threat of penalties for violating U.S. sanctions recently announced against the two countries, Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj has said. India is currently a top destination for Iran's oil exports. Asked about the U.S. move to withdraw from the Iranian nuclear deal and reimpose sanctions at a news conference on May 28, Swaraj said that India's policy was to honor only UN sanctions, not sanctions imposed by individual countries."

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26.05.2018

"Putin, Abe Vow To Seek WWII Treaty, Solution To Island Dispute"

https://www.rferl.org/a/putin-russia-abe-japan-kuriles-wwii-dispute-islands/29252525.html

Präsident Putin und Premierminister Abe haben bei ihrem Treffen in Moskau ihre Bereitschaft bekräftigt, den Streit um die Kurilen-Inseln beizulegen und einen offiziellen Friedensvertrag zu unterzeichnen. "The Soviet Union occupied the islands at the end of World War II, forcing 17,000 Japanese inhabitants to leave, and the issue has spoiled relations between the two regional powers ever since. Because of the dispute, a formal WWII peace treaty has yet to be signed between the two sides. The two countries began discussing the island dispute in 1956. Abe's late father Shintaro Abe -- as a foreign minister -- at one time led the negotiations with Russia but died in 1991 without an agreement. Japan has pushed to establish joint business projects on the islands as a way to gain momentum to resolve the dispute. 'The Japanese and the Russians will be able to reap the fruits of the joint work on the islands,' Abe said. 'If we cooperate, we can achieve great results that bring mutual benefit.'"

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23.05.2018

"Ukraine Showcases Javelin Firepower From United States"

https://www.rferl.org/a/ukraine-showcases-javelin-firepower-from-united-states/29243827.html

Der ukrainische Präsident Poroschenko hat die vor kurzem von den USA gelieferten Anti-Panzer-Raketen vom Typ Javelin in einem Facebook-Video präsentiert. "'Finally, this day has come -- and today, on May 22, for the first time in Ukraine, a test of the third-generation Javelin antitank complex took place,' a grinning Poroshenko told his soldiers in a video of the closed test published on his Facebook page. 'Thanks to them, the combat capabilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine have increased significantly.' (...) 'Of course this is a defensive weapon and will be used only when there is an attack by the Russian Federation on positions of Ukrainian forces,' Poroshenko said at the test. The special U.S. envoy for Ukraine, Kurt Volker, has said that the Javelins are being stored in a secure facility far from the front line of the conflict in eastern Ukraine's Donetsk and Luhansk regions, where government forces continue to fight Russia-backed separatists."

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19.05.2018

"Rage Against The Mom: Psychoanalyzing The Link Between Upbringing And Terrorism"

https://www.rferl.org/a/mothers-terrorism-linksshame-honor--psychoanalyst-kobrin/29237351.html

Die Terrorismus-Expertin und Psychoanalytikerin Nancy Hartevelt Kobrin hat sich mit den psychologischen Hintergründen islamistischer Terroristen beschäftigt und hat dabei insbesondere die Beziehungen der Täter zu ihren Müttern untersucht. "In a nutshell, Kobrin said all appear to have had relationship issues with their mothers that stemmed from being infants in what anthropologists describe as 'shame-honor cultures.' 'My analysis strips the aberrant violent antisocial behavior down to its naked truth -- a problem buried in their souls but arising early in childhood development run amok,' Kobrin tells RFE/RL. 'The problem is that these terrorists are coming from shame-honor cultures, which are dysfunctional by definition,' Kobrin explains. 'Their reservoir of rage arises from problems nested in early maternal attachment in shame-honor cultures -- the early mother-infant bonding attachment, the first relationship in life,' Kobrin says. A shame-honor culture is one where the pursuit of what is considered 'honor' can lead to a quest for achieving a sense of 'justice' through violence and revenge, anthropologists say. In shame-honor cultures -- as you would find in Chechnya, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Arab Middle East -- shame is used to discipline infants and children, Kobrin explains. Infants in shame-honor cultures, she says, are also often treated like objects and learn to repress their feelings to the point that internal rage can boil within."

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16.05.2018

"Bosnia Struggles With Thousands Of Migrants On New Route To Western Europe"

https://www.rferl.org/a/bosnia-struggles-thousands-migrants-new-route-western-europe/29229172.html

Eine neue Migrantenroute in die Länder Westeuropas läuft diesem Bericht zufolge über Bosnien-Herzegowina. Das kleine Land habe zu kämpfen, mit den tausenden Neuankömmlingen zurechtzukommen. "Bosnia's governing council met on May 15 to consider measures to deal with the thousands of migrants who have turned to the small Balkan country in recent months, trying to avoid more heavily guarded routes and borders in the Balkans. About 4,000 people from Syria, Iraq, Turkey, Algeria, and Afghanistan have entered Bosnia so far this year compared with 755 in 2017, migrant aid groups say. Most are seeking to cross the border into EU-member Croatia, and then move on toward Western Europe, but about 1,500 have remained in the country after being blocked from entering the European Union."

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14.05.2018

"New Armenian Prime Minister Assures Putin Of 'Strategic Alliance'"

https://www.rferl.org/a/pashinian-putin-meeting-sochi/29226096.html

Der neue armenische Premierminister Nikol Pashinian hat bei seinem Antrittsbesuch in Russland die "strategische Allianz" zwischen beiden Ländern bekräftigt. "Armenia's new Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian thanked Russian President Vladimir Putin for what he called Moscow's 'balanced position' amid the political upheaval that brought him to power in Yerevan on May 8, and reassured him that the 'strategic alliance' between the countries is not in doubt. During a meeting in the Russian city of Sochi on May 14, Putin wished Pashinian success and said he hopes that bilateral ties 'will develop just as steadily as they have up to now.'"

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12.05.2018

"Europeans Move To Protect Firms From Renewed U.S. Sanctions On Iran"

https://www.rferl.org/a/europeans-move-protect-firms-renewed-us-sanctions-iran-/29222484.html

Von den neuen US-Sanktionen gegen den Iran wären in Europa diesem Bericht zufolge besonders französische und deutsche Unternehmen betroffen. Frankreich zieht demnach im Gegensatz zu Deutschland europäische Gegenmaßnahmen in Erwägung. "'Do we accept extraterritorial sanctions? The answer is no,' [French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire] told reporters in Paris, adding that France won't accept the 'vassalization of Europe' by U.S. officials bent on reimposing sanctions on Iran. (...) Much is at stake for both countries. French exports to Iran doubled to 1.5 billion euros last year, driven by sales of aircraft and automobile parts, according to customs data. Exports of German goods to Iran rose by around 400 million euros to 3 billion euros. Around 120 German firms have operations with their own staff in Iran, including industrial giant Siemens, and some 10,000 other German companies trade with Iran. But while France said it was ready to fight the U.S. sanctions with European countermeasures, German officials said each company will have to examine the legal implications of continuing business in Iran and make their own decision about whether to stay in Iran or honor the U.S. sanctions."

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02.05.2018

"Morocco Cuts Ties With Iran For Allegedly Backing Western Sahara Independence"

https://www.rferl.org/a/morocco-cuts-diplomatic-ties-with-iran-for-allegedly-backing-western-saharan-inde
pendence-bourita-zarif/29203546.html

Marokko hat die diplomatischen Beziehungen zum Iran wegen der angeblichen Unterstützung Teherans für die Unabhängigkeitsbewegung Frente Polisario abgebrochen. "Moroccan Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita on May 1 accused Iran and its Lebanese Shi'ite ally, Hizballah, of training and arming Polisario fighters with surface-to-air missiles through the Iranian Embassy in Algeria since 2016. (...) Hizballah issued a statement denying that it armed Polisario and accusing Morocco of acting under 'pressure' from the United States, Israel, and Saudi Arabia. (...) Morocco also cut diplomatic ties with Shi'a-led Iran in 2009 after accusing it of undermining Sunni rule in Bahrain, a Gulf Arab island that has a majority Shi'ite population. Diplomatic relations were restored in 2014, but they were never strong. Rabat enjoys close ties with Tehran's regional rival, Sunni-ruled Saudi Arabia."

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12.04.2018

"Pompeo To Signal Tough Policy Toward Russia In Confirmation Hearing"

https://www.rferl.org/a/pompeo-signal-tough-policy-toward-russia-confirmation-hearing-secretary-of-state/
29160471.html

Der von Donald Trump als neuer US-Außenminister nominierte Mike Pompeo hat vor seiner Anhörung im Senat angekündigt, im Amt eine härtere Russland-Politik verfolgen zu wollen. "'Russia continues to act aggressively, enabled by years of soft policy towards that aggression,' Pompeo says in excerpts released ahead of his confirmation hearing, scheduled for April 12. 'That's now over.' Pompeo does not refer in his written testimony to alleged Russian meddling in the 2016 U.S. election campaign, but the issue is likely to be raised by lawmakers, some of whom have accused Trump of failing to be tough enough on Russia over the matter. (...) Pompeo will, however, leave the door open for dialogue with Moscow to resolve differences. 'Our diplomatic efforts with Russia will prove challenging, but as in previous confrontations with Moscow, must continue,' he will say."

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16.03.2018

"U.S. Says Russian Hackers Now Targeting Power Grid, Water Systems"

https://www.rferl.org/a/us-says-russian-hackers-now-targeting-power-grid-water-systems-critical-infrastru
cture/29103250.html

Die US-Regierung werfe Russland zum ersten Mal vor, für eine Kampagne von Cyberattacken gegen kritische Infrastrukturen in den USA verantwortlich zu sein, berichtet Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. "A U.S. security alert published on March 15 said that Russian government hackers are seeking to penetrate multiple sectors that U.S. consumers depend on for day-to-day necessities. Those targeted in the attacks, which began in March 2016 or earlier, include energy, nuclear, water, aviation, and manufacturing, the alert said. The alleged breaches by Russian hackers were cited by the U.S. Treasury Department as one reason for imposing a new round of sanctions on Russia on March 15. The Department of Homeland Security and FBI said in the alert that a 'multi-stage intrusion campaign by Russian government cyber actors' has targeted small commercial facilities 'where they staged malware, conducted spear phishing, and gained remote access into energy sector networks.'"

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28.02.2018

"U.S.: Russia 'On Wrong Side Of History' On Syrian Chemical Weapons"

https://www.rferl.org/a/syria-un-report-north-korea-supplying-chemical-weapons/29067121.html

UN-Experten haben entdeckt, dass Nordkorea Syrien zwischen 2012 und 2017 mit Materialien beliefert habe, die auch zur Herstellung von Chemiewaffen genutzt werden könnten. "The February 27 reports said UN experts found more than 40 previously unreported shipments of such supplies to Syria between 2012 and 2017. The materials said to have been illicitly sent to Syria included acid-resistant tiles, corrosion-resistant valves, and thermometers. An unreleased UN report assessing North Korea's compliance with UN resolutions says an unnamed UN member state has spotted Pyongyang's technicians at Syrian chemical-weapons and missile facilities. Damascus is said to have told the UN experts that the North Koreans present in Syria are sports coaches and athletes."

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18.02.2018

"U.S. Says 'Extremely Unlikely' Turkey Used Chemical Weapons Against Kurds"

https://www.rferl.org/a/turkey-chemical-weapons-afrin-syria-us-unlikely/29046947.html

Die US-Regierung hält es für "extrem unwahrscheinlich", dass die Türkei tatsächlich Giftgas gegen die Kurden in Syrien eingesetzt hat. "The U.S. comments come after claims by the head of Afrin hospital in northern Syria that six men were treated late on February 16 after shelling and had symptoms that appeared to indicate exposure to toxic agents, including 'enlarged pupils' and 'breathing difficulties.' The claims could not be independently verified. Videos from the hospital showed people being fitted with oxygen masks but who did not otherwise show symptoms of a chemical attack. (...) The alleged use of chemical weapons in the seven-year civil war in Syria has long been an issue, with the United Nations previously declaring evidence of use by President Bashar al-Assad in his fight against rebels. U.S. national security adviser H.R. McMaster, speaking at the Munich Security Conference on February 17, said public reports 'clearly show' that Assad's forces are continuing to use chemical weapons."

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01.02.2018

"CIA Director Defends Meeting With Russian Spy Chiefs"

https://www.rferl.org/a/cia-director-pompeo-defends-meeting-with-russian-spy-chiefs/29013334.html

Trotz der Spannungen zwischen den USA und Russland hat sich CIA-Direktor Mike Pompeo mit den beiden russischen Geheimdienstchefs Alekasandr Bortnikov und Sergei Naryshkin getroffen, um die Zusammenarbeit auf bestimmten Gebieten zu besprechen. Mike Eckel berichtet, dass das Treffen in Washington auf Kritik gestoßen sei. "The director of the CIA has defended his decision to meet in Washington with the chiefs of Russian intelligence agencies, saying there was nothing untoward about it and that it was a routine practice. The comments from Mike Pompeo came in a letter February 1 to the U.S. Senate’s Democratic leader, Chuck Schumer, in response to criticism about his meeting last week with the heads of the Federal Security Service and the Foreign Intelligence Service, known respectively as the FSB and the SVR. (...) Schumer had demanded to know why the officials were allowed into the country, despite existing sanctions. In his response to Schumer, Pompeo wrote that U.S. intelligence officials routinely meet with Russian officials to discuss topics, such as aviation security and preventing foreign fighters from returning to both nations."

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30.01.2018

"In Ukraine, Ultranationalist Militia Strikes Fear In Some Quarters"

https://www.rferl.org/a/ukraine-azov-right-wing-militia-to-patrol-kyiv/29008036.html

600 Mitglieder des rechtsextremistischen Asow-Bataillons haben sich am 28. Januar in Kiew zu einem medial sorgfältig inszenierten Aufmarsch als neue "Nationale Bürgerwehr" versammelt, berichtet Christopher Miller. Die Demonstration habe gezeigt, dass die Ultranationalisten nicht bereit seien, ihre Ansprüche auf politischen Einfluss aufzugeben. "Founded in 2014 as a volunteer battalion to help an overmatched Ukrainian military fight off the threat in its east, the Azov movement uses fascist symbols and has been accused by international humanitarian organizations of human rights abuses in the conflict zone. The National Militia is an independent group that is merely the latest component of Azov's civilian and political wing, known as the National Corpus. (...) While the National Corpus appears to draw limited support from Ukraine's electorate -- polls show it under the 5 percent threshold to enter parliament -- its public presence has grown, worrying international observers and making it a favorite target for Russian propaganda. (...) Armed or not, as news of the National Militia spread across Ukrainian media, critics raised serious concerns about the type of order the unit may enforce on the streets of Kyiv."

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