US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

Miami Herald



"Maduro, still deeply unpopular, finds strength in Venezuela stalemate, survey shows"

Eine aktuelle Umfrage in Venezuela spiegle die politische Pattsituation im Land wider, berichtet Jim Wyss aus Bogota in Kolumbien. Die Zustimmung für den Oppositionsführer und selbsternannten Präsidenten Guaidó ist demnach deutlich gesunken. "A poll released by Datincorp over the weekend found 41 percent consider Maduro the country’s 'constitutional president' versus 36 percent who say the same about Guaidó. In February — a month after Washington and more than 50 other nations backed Guaidó as interim president — 49 percent believed the young politician was the country’s true leader, versus 34 percent who said the same about Maduro. Even so, the poll also makes clear that Maduro, 57, remains deeply unpopular in a country seized by hyperinflation, electricity rationing and fuel shortages. (...) The results also underscore how Venezuelans are increasingly focused on daily survival rather than the political struggle that has dominated headlines. Respondents said the economy, healthcare and public services were the country’s top three most critical problems. The 'political and institutional' crisis was in fifth place, tied with security."

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"Talks in Norway to resolve Venezuela crisis hit dead end"

Die Verhandlungen zwischen Vertretern der venezolanischen Regierung und der Opposition in Norwegen sind offenbar nicht zuletzt aufgrund der kompromisslosen Haltung der Opposition ergebnislos verlaufen. "The stalemate does not come as a surprise, 'given that the opposition’s negotiation mandate is very narrow: Maduro resigns or nothing,' said a Norwegian source familiar with the talks. 'If they only want to negotiate the conditions of Maduro’s surrender, then of course there won’t be an agreement. Their position has to be more realistic.' Still, Norway deems it a victory that the opposition remains willing to return to the table. (...) Sources said it would be difficult for Guaidó to modify his position, given the unpopularity of any proposal to negotiate with Maduro, who in the past has engaged in talks just to buy time and release internal pressure."

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"Military rebellion in Venezuela can be called many things, but don’t call it a ‘coup attempt’"

Andres Oppenheimer meint nach einem Interview mit dem venezolanischen Oppositionsführer Guaidó, dass der Versuch, Präsident Maduro mit Hilfe des Militärs zu stürzen, nicht als "Putsch" bezeichnet werden sollte. "(...) as Guaidó told me in an extended interview last week, there are several reasons why a rebellion against an unconstitutional regime can’t be called a 'coup.' (...) First, Maduro became a full-blown dictator in January 2016, when he stripped the opposition-controlled National Assembly, Venezuela’s congress, of virtually all powers. (...) Second, Maduro single-handedly stacked the National Electoral Council with cronies to prevent future opposition election victories. (...) Third, Maduro re-elected himself to a new term in a fraudulent May 20 election, without allowing any credible international observers and after banning Venezuela’s top opposition leaders from running against him. Fourth, Maduro illegally proclaimed himself president for a new full term in office on Jan. 10, 2019, despite international warnings that such a move would be unconstitutional. (...) In the interview, Guaidó said he did not rule out 'foreign backing or cooperation' to oust Maduro’s illegitimate regime. Asked whether that would not amount to a foreign intervention that would give propaganda ammunition to Maduro’s supporters, Guaidó told me — referring to the presence of Russian and Cuban military — 'There is already a foreign intervention' in the country“.

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"The West has long militarized space. China plans to weaponize it. Not good."

Anlässlich der Mondlandung einer chinesischen Sonde erinnert Markos Kounalakis an den militärischen Hintergrund der internationalen Weltraumforschung. "The People’s Republic of China showed that it has the payload, targeting and finesse to fly a lander to the moon. It is no small feat, but, by itself, also no big deal — except that the Communist-Party-led PRC has also been actively weaponizing what has otherwise evolved in both the United States and Russia as a globally collaborative civilian scientific program of space exploration and discovery. Military competition was the driving force for space firsts during the Cold War. (...) Now the equation has changed again, and the latest Chinese rocket launch is a new gauntlet thrown. (...) Space has long been militarized with surveillance, communications and navigational satellites orbiting the earth, but concerns that the orbital sanctuary will be weaponized have resurfaced with China’s recent activities."

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"Colombian guerrillas, Santos vow to rescue peace deal after stunning defeat"

Das Friedensabkommen zwischen den FARC-Rebellen und der Regierung ist von der Bevölkerung in Kolumbien im abschließenden Referendum überraschend abgelehnt worden. Umfragen hatten eine klare Mehrheit für das Abkommen vorhergesagt, die Wahlbeteiligung lag allerdings nur bei unter 38%. "Even as the deal seemed badly wounded, both Santos and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, said they hoped to pull peace from the wreckage. Both sides said that a bilateral ceasefire that was announced June 24 would remain in place. 'We reiterate our disposition to rely only on words as our weapons to build the future,' FARC Commander Rodrigo Londoño said in a statement after the vote. 'Colombians who dream of peace can count on us.'"

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"Colombia signs historic peace deal, but voters will have final word"

Das historische Friedensabkommen zwischen der kolumbianischen Regierung und den FARC-Rebellen müsse nun noch von der Bevölkerung in Kolumbien bestätigt werden, schreibt Jim Wyss. Umfragen ließen vermuten, dass es bei der Volksabstimmung am 2. Oktober eine klare Mehrheit für das Abkommen geben wird. "While polls suggest it will pass easily, critics of the deal say Santos is trying to influence the vote by having a high-profile signing even before Colombians go to the polls. On Monday, former President Alvaro Uribe led a rally of several hundred people and urged the nation to vote 'no' during the plebiscite. 'We say 'yes' to peace but 'no' to the agreement, because the accords don’t guarantee peace. They will only breed violence,' he told the crowd. Critics fear the 297-page pact is too lenient and that, without justice, the conflict will grind on. Also under the deal, the FARC — considered a terrorist organization by the United States and long accused of having ties to the drug trade — will be allowed to participate in politics."

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"Trump, Clinton would be very different on Latin America"

Für viele Länder Lateinamerikas würde es einen großen Unterschied machen, ob Hillary Clinton oder Donald Trump die Wahl im November gewinnt, schreibt Andrés Oppenheimer. "Here are some of their main differences: First, on human rights and democracy, Trump would make a radical departure from the long-standing bipartisan U.S. policy of making the respect for human rights and democracy key conditions for Washington’s good relations with countries in the region. (...) Second, on immigration, Trump repeated in his speech his vow to build a wall along the entire U.S.-Mexico border, and to deport millions of undocumented immigrants from Mexico and other countries, who he said are 'roaming free to threaten peaceful citizens.' (...) Third, on trade, Trump seems more eager to renegotiate or scrap the 1994 NAFTA free-trade agreement between the United States, Canada and Mexico (...). My opinion: Trump’s immigration and trade policies would badly hurt both Latin America and the United States. But what’s most troubling is that Trump’s abandonment of the bipartisan U.S. policy of defending human rights and democracy would give a green light to would-be dictators across the region."

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