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"Catalan president says violence 'must stop now' as Barcelona chaos worsens"


Seit der Verurteilung von neun katalanischen Separatistenführern kommt es in Barcelona zu anhaltenden gewaltsamen Protesten gegen die Entscheidung des Obersten Gerichts in Madrid. "Catalan president Quim Torra called for an immediate halt to the violent clashes that rocked Barcelona for a third day Wednesday, warning they were harming the image of the separatist movement. As the Catalan capital echoed with the sound of sirens and masked youths staged running battles with riot police, Spain's Pedro Sanchez had made a direct appeal to Torra to 'clearly condemn' the violence. Earlier on Wednesday, thousands gathered for a protest called by the radical CDR. But as the evening wore on, the situation quickly became chaotic, with hundreds running through the streets, hurling broken paving stones, torching cars and occasionally stopping to take selfies in front of the burning barricades. 'This isn't violence, it's self-defence,' roared a group of masked youngsters in front of a blazing barricade. Some even threw Molotov cocktails, the regional police said, with scenes of violence also spreading to other cities in the region such as Tarragona and Leida, prompting the Catalan leader to give a televised address shortly after midnight."

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"Countdown to NATO space strategy"


Die NATO will sich mit einer neuen Weltraum-Strategie auf künftige Konflikte vorbereiten, die auch im All erwartet werden. "As concerns grow about the possible militarisation of space -- alongside more mundane worries about debris orbiting the Earth -- allied defence ministers will sign off on a policy framework. The aim is for NATO to make space a full operational domain -- alongside land, sea, air and cyber -- perhaps as early as the alliance summit in London in December, diplomats say. 'Space is part of our daily lives, and while it can be used for peaceful purposes, it can also be used for aggression,' NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg told reporters. 'Satellites can be jammed, hacked or weaponised. Anti-satellite weapons could cripple communications, so it is important that we are vigilant and resilient.' NATO has tried unsuccessfully to craft a policy in the past, most recently in 2011-12, but officials point to fresh impetus now as space becomes 'more congested, contested and competitive'."

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"Algeria's longtime President Abdelaziz Bouteflika to resign by April 28"


Der langjährige algerische Präsident Abdelaziz Bouteflika hat angekündigt, am 28. April von seinem Amt zurückzutreten. Einige Beobachter bezweifeln allerdings, dass dieser Schritt die Demonstranten, die seit Wochen gegen die Regierung protestieren, befriedigen wird. "Monday’s announcement that the president would take steps to ensure continuity in the management of state institutions was also unlikely to satisfy demonstrators, according to FRANCE 24’s International Affairs Editor Rob Parsons. 'They do not want continuity, they want change and what this seems like is that Bouteflika’s appointees are controlling the transition process,' explained Parsons."

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"Venezuela's Guaido won't rule out authorizing US intervention"


Der selbsternannte Übergangspräsident Venezuelas, Juan Guaido, will die Möglichkeit nicht ausschließen, dass der Rücktritt von Präsident Maduro auch mit Hilfe einer amerikanischen Militärintervention erzwungen werden könnte. "Venezuela's self-proclaimed acting president Juan Guaido refused to rule out Friday the possibility of authorizing United States intervention to help force President Nicolas Maduro from power and alleviate a humanitarian crisis. National Assembly leader Guaido told AFP he would do 'everything that is necessary... to save human lives,' acknowledging that US intervention is 'a very controversial subject."

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"Four years after Charlie Hebdo attacks, satirists bemoan the loss of reason"


Vier Jahre nach dem blutigen Angriff auf die Redaktion des französischen Satiremagazins Charlie Hebdo beklagen die Redakteure France 24 zufolge eine Zunahme von Intoleranz und Extremismus auf allen Seiten. "Charlie Hebdo’s commemorative cover this week depicts both a Catholic bishop and a Muslim imam blowing out a candle flame that represents the light of reason. The headline bemoans a French society it says has become anti-enlightenment ('anti-lumières'). In an interview with AFP, Charlie Hebdo’s editor-in-chief Riss, who was the artist behind the cover drawing, said public attitudes had only grown less tolerant since the attacks. Not only has the tragedy faded from memory but so has the social significance of the event, he said. 'One gets the impression that we have turned our backs to it, so in our opinion the antiquated attitudes are still there, even more so than four or five years ago.' 'The hostility no longer only comes from religious extremists but now also from intellectuals,' he observed."

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"Israel-Russia: a history of complex relations"


Das Verhältnis Israels zu Russland ist nach dem Abschuss eines russischen Militärflugzeugs in Syrien und der Entscheidung Moskaus, das syrische Militär mit einem modernen Luftabwehrsystem auszurüsten, erneut angespannt. France 24 wirft einen Blick zurück auf die Entwicklung der "komplexen" Beziehungen beider Länder. "From a honeymoon in the years after Israel’s founding, to strained ties after the mistaken downing of a Russian plane in Syria, relations between Israel and Russia have gone through several periods of tensions. These have mainly revolved around disagreements on Middle Eastern issues."

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"Libyan factions commit to Dec. 10 elections at Paris talks"


Bei Gesprächen in Paris haben sich Vertreter der rivalisierenden Fraktionen in Libyen grundsätzlich darauf geeinigt, im kommenden Dezember mit Unterstützung der UNO Wahlen durchzuführen, um den sieben Jahre dauernden Konflikt zu beenden. "Several countries, including the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, Italy, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Libya’s neighbours attended the meeting. Past attempts at peace deals in Libya have often been scuttled by internal divisions among the country’s armed groups and by the different countries backing the local actors. Under President Emmanuel Macron, France has tried to play a bigger role in coaxing the factions to end the turmoil, which has let Islamist militants gain a foothold and migrant smugglers flourish."

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"US-led coalition preparing to 'isolate' IS group's Syrian bastion Raqqa"


Neben der gegenwärtigen Schlacht um die irakische Stadt Mosul will die US-geführte Anti-IS-Koalition offenbar auch stärker gegen Raqqa, die IS-Hochburg in Syrien, vorgehen. "France, in particular, is keen to tackle the jihadists' Syrian bastion of Raqqa, where a large number of French foreign fighters in IS group ranks are stationed. In a joint press conference with Le Drian, Carter signaled that the fight against the jihadist group in Syria would be stepped up, saying he expected the Mosul and Raqqa campaigns to 'overlap'. 'We have already begun laying the groundwork for our partners to commence the isolation of Raqqa,' said the US defence chief."

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"US set to store heavy weapons and tanks in Eastern Europe"


Das Pentagon plant der New York Times zufolge, zum ersten Mal seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges schweres Militärgerät in Osteuropa zu stationieren. "'We will pre-position significant equipment,' the official said, commenting on a New York Times report that the Pentagon was poised to store battle tanks, infantry fighting vehicles and other heavy weapons for as many as 5,000 troops. (...) The proposal, which seeks to reassure European allies in the wake of Russia’s annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea in March 2014, is expected to be approved by U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter and the White House before a NATO defense ministers’ meeting in Brussels this month, the paper said, quoting senior officials."

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"Lawmakers set to back spy bill dubbed 'French Patriot Act'"


Das von Bürgerrechtlern und Aktivisten scharf kritisierte neue Überwachungsgesetz der französischen Regierung werde im Parlament nicht auf Widerstand stoßen, erwartet France 24. "The authors of the bill (...) deny it will be used for mass surveillance and reject comparisons with the US Patriot Act passed a month after the September 11, 2001, attacks. 'We are not going for widespread monitoring because the US [case] has shown that to be useless,' said Jean-Jacques Urvoas, an MP from the ruling Socialist Party. 'This is not going to be run on a predictive basis, we simply aim to ensure enhanced monitoring of those identified as threats.'" (...) A poll published last month showed that nearly two-thirds of French people were in favour of restricting freedoms in the name of fighting extremism. Only 32 percent of those surveyed in the CSA poll for the Atlantico news website said they were opposed to freedoms being reduced, although this proportion rose significantly among young people."

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"European authorities arrest dozens in anti-terror raids"


France 24 berichtet über die jüngsten Einsätze von Sicherheitsbehörden in Belgien, Frankreich und Deutschland, bei denen "dutzende" mutmaßliche Terrorverdächtige verhaftet wurden. "The raids renewed fears about the thousands of young European nationals who may have gone to Syria or Iraq to fight with the Islamic State group or al Qaeda-linked militants before returning to launch attacks on home soil. Belgian police arrested 13 people in a series of raids, five of whom were later charged with 'participating in the activities of a terrorist group', federal prosecutors' spokesman Eric Van der Sijpt told AFP on Friday. Van der Sijpt told a news conference that the group, some of whom had recently returned from Syria, was 'on the verge of carrying out terrorist attacks to kill police officers on public roads and in police stations'."

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"Deadly shooting at Paris HQ of French magazine"


Der Live-Blog des französischen Nachrichtenkanals France 24 zum Anschlag auf das Satiremagazin Charlie Hebdo in Paris, bei dem mindestens 12 Menschen, darunter vier bekannte Karikaturisten und zwei Polizisten, getötet wurden. "France raised its security alert to the highest level and reinforced security at places of worship, shops, media offices and transportation. Charlie Hebdo has drawn repeated threats for its caricatures of the Prophet Mohammed, among other controversial sketches. A firebomb attack gutted the magazine's headquarters in November 2011 after it put an image of the Prophet Mohammad on its cover."

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"Tunisians vote in landmark presidential election"


Nach den erfolgreichen Parlamentswahlen am 26. Oktober hat Tunesien nun auch die erste Runde der Präsidentschaftswahlen friedlich hinter sich gebracht. Der 87-jährige Favorit Beji Caid Essebsi von der säkularen Partei Nidaa Tounes hat dabei offenbar die absolute Mehrheit verfehlt, es könnte zu einer Stichwahl kommen. "Whatever the outcome, many Tunisians saw the election as a milestone in the North African country, where for the first time they could freely choose their president. 'This election is very important. It’s the culmination of the revolution and something that we really should not pass up,' said an electoral observer who gave his name only as Moez."

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"A Muslim-run France? Novel sparks Islamophobia row"


In Paris wird gegenwärtig der neue Roman "Submission" des Schriftstellers Michel Houellebecq diskutiert, der im Jahr 2022 spielt und die Folgen der Wahl des ersten islamischen Präsidenten Frankreichs beschreibt. "The French electorate, wary of seeing the [far right National Front] take power, vote for Abbes, a Muslim moderate whose election provokes immediate and profound changes to French society. Women change the way they dress and leave the workplace in droves to look after families, solving France’s unemployment problem, while the book asserts that the resulting increased conversion to Islam kills freedom of thought in an increasingly patriarchal society. (...) while Houellebecq freely admits that his vision of a future France is 'not very realistic' because Islamic political unity in France 'is the most difficult thing to image', he insists that Muslims are dangerously unrepresented in mainstream French politics."

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Informationsportal Krieg und Frieden

Wo gibt es Kriege und Gewaltkonflikte? Und wo herrscht am längsten Frieden? Welches Land gibt am meisten für Rüstung aus? Sicherheitspolitik.bpb.de liefert wichtige Daten und Fakten zu Krieg und Frieden.

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Innerstaatliche Konflikte

Vom Kosovo nach Kolumbien, von Somalia nach Süd-Thailand: Weltweit schwelen über 280 politische Konflikte. Und immer wieder droht die Lage gewaltsam zu eskalieren.

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Zahlen und Fakten


Kaum ein Thema wird so intensiv und kontrovers diskutiert wie die Globalisierung. "Zahlen und Fakten" liefert Grafiken, Texte und Tabellen zu einem der wichtigsten und vielschichtigsten Prozesse der Gegenwart.

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