US-Soldaten in Afghanistan

World Politics Review


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02.08.2018

"Why Ecuador Finally Wants Assange Out of Its London Embassy"

https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/25359/why-ecuador-finally-wants-assange-out-of-its-london-em
bassy

Frida Ghitis erläutert, warum sich die Regierung Ecuadors offenbar entschlossen hat, das Asyl des WikiLeaks-Gründers Julian Assange in der Londoner Botschaft des Landes aufzuheben. "Why now? The answer shines a light on the astonishing political transformation that has occurred in Ecuador in recent years — and how WikiLeaks, which is a key factor in the special counsel investigation in the U.S. into whether Donald Trump’s presidential campaign colluded with Russia, has served to put Ecuador’s gripping political drama on the global stage. It is an unlikely story that shows the surprising intersection of several seemingly unrelated developments, combining international intrigue, hacking and spycraft with local politics in a small South American country. (...) Simply put, Moreno’s agenda is incompatible with spending millions to protect the WikiLeaks founder, a man whose presence and whose reluctance to stop interfering with other nations’ internal affairs are undercutting Ecuador’s own international relations. (...) Assange made himself a player in the internal affairs of other countries. In a karmic twist, the affairs of Ecuador, Russia and the United States could now determine Assange’s fate."

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08.11.2016

"Blame Corruption and Misrule, Not Geopolitical Rivalry, for Moldova’s Problems"

http://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/20394/blame-corruption-and-misrule-not-geopolitical-rivalry-f
or-moldova-s-problems

In vielen westlichen Berichten über die Präsidentschaftswahlen in Moldawien entstehe der falsche Eindruck, dass das Land zum Spielball des geopolitischen Konflikts zwischen Russland und dem Westen geworden sei, schreibt Dan Peleschuk. Die künftigen Beziehungen Moldawiens zur EU spielten ohne Zweifel eine Rolle, wichtiger sei jedoch die verbreitete Korruption und Inkompetenz der von Oligarchen beherrschten Regierung. "Twenty-five years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, experts say Europe’s poorest country is still suffering from feeble institutions that have been captured by a self-interested oligarchy. 'The most important problem for Moldova is weak statecraft,' says political analyst Igor Munteanu. (...) Today, more than 80 percent of the population believes the country is headed in the wrong direction, according to a recent poll by the International Republican Institute. Just as much distrust exists among political parties, parliament and the president’s office."

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18.03.2015

"U.S. and West Should Not Count Russia’s Putin Out Just Yet"

http://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/15313/u-s-and-west-should-not-count-russia-s-putin-out-just-y
et

Der in der westlichen Öffentlichkeit verbreitete Eindruck, dass Russlands Präsident Putin international isoliert sei, werde in anderen Ländern der Welt nicht geteilt, schreibt Nikolas Gvosdev. China betrachte die russische Übernahme der Krim zwar als grundsätzlich illegal, aber auch als verständlich und gerechtfertigt. "U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry has spent much of the past year trying to convince more countries to adopt the Euro-American perspective on Russia, with little success. To the extent that Beijing’s narrative finds a sympathetic ear in many of the world’s capitals, that helps to explain why. Reactions such as those, were they to materialize, would be only the latest indicators of the rising powers’ desire to amend and alter some aspects of the Western-dominated international order. No one wants to completely overturn the global system, which for the past two decades has helped to power the massive economic expansion of countries like China and India, but modification is not off the agenda. And how well Russia the current storm over its involvement in the Ukraine crisis could be a litmus test for just what kind of modifications are in store."

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30.12.2014

"Must the European Union be a military power to achieve superpower status?"

http://worldpoliticsjournal.com/blog/2014/12/must-european-union-military-power-achieve-superpower-status
/

Gemma Pipes warnt, dass eine Militarisierung der Europäischen Union den Charakter und die Dynamik der europäischen Kooperation in fundamentaler Weise negativ beeinflussen würde. "The institution occupies a unique role as a normative actor reliant on norms and focusing on economic and political strength or military might. A move towards military attainment could severely damage the EU’s moral basis and the very characteristics it prides itself on. As the international system continues to develop and, according to some scholars, enter the post-Westphalian era, there is a very real possibility that a military power will cease to be a vital component of a superpower and the EU, with its enormous economic, trade, humanitarian and development strength, is in prime position to seize that status."

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21.03.2014

"The Realist Prism: Is America Prepared to Sacrifice for Crimea?"

http://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/13643/the-realist-prism-is-america-prepared-to-sacrifice-for-
crimea

Nikolas Gvosdev empfiehlt der US-Regierung, den aktuellen Konflikt mit Russland aus realpolitischer Perspektive zu analysieren. Sollte die russische Übernahme der Krim tatsächlich als existentielle Bedrohung der internationalen Ordnung angesehen werden, müssten auch die potentiell immensen Kosten einer weiteren Konfrontation akzeptiert werden. "If reversing Russia’s move in Crimea is determined to be the policy objective, what costs is the U.S. prepared to pay? No one is contemplating using military action akin to Desert Storm. But would Washington be prepared to impose serious economic penalties on Moscow (...)? The current direction of U.S. policy — applying a series of weak punitive steps in the form of limited sanctions, visa bans and the like — is not forceful enough to alter Kremlin calculations, yet neither is it viewed by Russian leaders as an invitation to dialogue. As unpleasant as it may be politically, the Obama team will have to make some hard choices — and be prepared to live with the consequences."

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17.03.2014

"Diplomatic Fallout: The European Union’s Bait-and-Switch in Ukraine"

http://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/13633/diplomatic-fallout-the-european-union-s-bait-and-switch
-in-ukraine

Judah Grunstein interpretiert den Konflikt in der Ukraine auch als Folge eines anhaltenden Machtverlustes des liberalen Ordnungssystems. "The outcome of the Ukraine crisis could trace the high-water mark for the expansion of liberal democracy into the post-Soviet space. The irony, of course, is that the EU’s grand bargain with Ukraine, and the other Eastern Partnership countries, is based on a quid pro quo that is to a certain degree a bait-and-switch. In return for, among other things, a commitment to democracy and rule of law reforms, prospective partners are offered entry into what amounts to a nondemocratic free market, albeit one composed of democratic states. (...) Here again, we have another Gramscian interregnum, whereby the global financial crisis and subsequent European debt crisis have revealed the degree to which the liberal democratic order — which after the fall of communism was supposed to represent the end of history — has failed to deliver on its ultimate promise, that of delivering both liberty and prosperity."

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17.01.2014

"The Realist Prism: For Iran, Nukes No Longer Key to Deterring U.S."

http://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/13504/the-realist-prism-for-iran-nukes-no-longer-key-to-deter
ring-u-s

Die iranische Kompromissbereitschaft in den internationalen Atomverhandlungen sei auch das Resultat einer strategischen Neubewertung von Atomwaffen in Teheran, schreibt Nikolas Gvosdev. "Mastering atomic technology is not an end in itself for Tehran but is directly tied to the larger objective of regime preservation. (...) Ten years ago, the conventional wisdom was that only a credible nuclear program would deter U.S. military action. But the Syrian case suggests that strong conventional air defenses — along with war weariness in the United States — could also restrain Washington. Since weaponization is difficult and could still take years, compromising on the nuclear program to get sanctions rolled back or even lifted could be part of a strategy for Iran to gain access to more conventional weapons systems, particularly as countries like China develop more-robust anti-access capabilities that hold the promise of being able to deter the United States from considering military interventions."

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10.01.2014

"The Realist Prism: As Mideast Unravels, Time to Reconsider 'Soft Partitions'"

http://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/13486/the-realist-prism-as-mideast-unravels-time-to-reconside
r-soft-partitions

Nikolas Gvosdev meint, dass die US-Regierung sich bei der Beurteilung der gewaltsamen Konflikte im Nahen Osten an die Lehren der Jugoslawienkrise der 1990er Jahre erinnern sollte. Angesichts der tiefen Spaltungen in Ländern wie Irak, Syrien und Afghanistan sollte die Option einer Aufteilung der betroffenen Staaten erneut ins Auge gefasst werden, so Gvosdev. "Today, the U.S. continues to maintain there are Syrian, Iraqi and Afghan identities that transcend and trump religious, sectarian, tribal and linguistic affiliations in those countries. The prevailing approach is that national elections, as already held in Iraq and Afghanistan, should produce governments perceived as legitimate by all sectors of the population. But as long as democratic majoritarianism is understood locally either as the dominance of the majority ethnic group or an opportunity to create an alliance of minorities, then stability is not possible through voting."

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31.12.2013

"Global Insights: Russian Bombings Show Limits of Security Crackdowns"

http://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/13463/global-insights-russian-bombings-show-limits-of-securit
y-crackdowns

Die beiden Terroranschläge in Wolgograd seien ein Beleg für die beharrlichen Probleme der russischen Antiterrorkampagne in der Region, schreibt Richard Weitz vom Hudson Institute. Die russische Regierung habe vergeblich versucht, die Strategie zur Stabilisierung Tschetscheniens in die anderen Republiken des Nordkaukasus zu "exportieren". "(...) Moscow’s local allies there were less effective than in Chechnya. The devolution of security responsibilities and economic wealth to certain clans and groups allied to Moscow — and the granting of a free hand to employ brutal tactics against suspect terrorists and other opponents — only helped radicalize Muslim populations in the other republics. For several years, the Russian authorities tried to rely more on economic tools as well as police powers to curtail local violence. The federal government pumped millions of dollars into the region, launching massive infrastructure-building projects and other costly programs. But these tactics have not addressed the problem of endemic corruption, which often leads people to embrace radical, purifying versions of Islam."

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